"Bund" in Latvia

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"Bund" in Latvia_table_infobox_0

"Bund" in Latvia

Yiddish: „בּונד“ אין לעטלאנד‎"Bund" in Latvia_header_cell_0_0_0

Founded"Bund" in Latvia_header_cell_0_1_0 1919"Bund" in Latvia_cell_0_1_1
Split from"Bund" in Latvia_header_cell_0_2_0 General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia"Bund" in Latvia_cell_0_2_1
Ideology"Bund" in Latvia_header_cell_0_3_0 Bundism

Socialism Jewish Autonomism Anti-zionism"Bund" in Latvia_cell_0_3_1

Political position"Bund" in Latvia_header_cell_0_4_0 Left-wing"Bund" in Latvia_cell_0_4_1

The "Bund" in Latvia (Yiddish: „בּונד“ אין לעטלאנד‎, “bund„ in letland) was a Jewish socialist party in Latvia between the two World Wars, adhering to the political line of the General Jewish Labour Bund. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_0

The beginnings of the Latvian Bund "Bund" in Latvia_section_0

In 1919 the branch of the General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia in Latvia separated itself from the mother party and constituted a separate party of its own. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_1

After the conclusion of Latvian War of Independence, in the fall of 1920 a Central Bureau of the Latvian Bund was constituted. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_2

The Latvian Bund became an autonomous organization affiliated with the Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_3

The Bund had one seat in the Central Committee of the Latvian Social Democratic Workers Party. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_4

The Bund, as well as other left-wing groups in Latvia after the Latvian War of Independence, was under suspicion as Communist supporters. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_5

On June 20, 1921 the president of the party Abraham Braun "Sergei" (1881-1940) was sentenced to death by a military tribunal for spreading Communist propaganda but released after international socialist outcry over the sentence. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_6

The relations among Jewish socialists and with the rest of the socialist movement were far better than in Poland; during elections of 1918 two Bundists were elected, then four at the Riga municipal council election in 1919, on a common list of the Social Democratic bloc, which gained 36 of the 96 seats. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_7

The party published the biweekly Di naye tsayt for seven years. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_8

The Perecklub movement was the youth wing of the Bund and its students' union was called Zukunft. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_9

1934 coup and underground struggle "Bund" in Latvia_section_1

The party held its sixth and last congress in Daugavpils on January 27–28, 1934. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_10

According to Daniel Blatman, there were 500 active members of the Latvian Bund in 1934. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_11

After the 1934 Latvian coup d'état the Bund aligned with the illegal, underground Socialist Workers and Peasants Party of Latvia (LSSZP). "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_12

In August 1934 the LSSZP formed a special committee, to lead the underground Jewish socialist movement and Bund activists participated in this committee. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_13

The first LZZSP congress, held in July 1935, recognized the Bund as an autonomous organization under the same terms as the Bund had previously aligned with the Latvian Social Democratic Workers Party. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_14

In November 1936 Bund activists were arrested. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_15

The Bundist members of the Latvian Parliament "Bund" in Latvia_section_2

As pointed out by Frank Gordon, "Between the two world wars Latvia was the only country where the Bund had a parliamentary representative of its own. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_16

"., and Bund was only one of a few Jewish parties represented in the 1st Saeima, 2nd Saeima, 3rd Saeima and 4th Saeima. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_17

Itzhak Berss (Īzaks Berss), father of Lipman Bers, represented the interests of the Bund in the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia, elected in April 1920. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_18

He was later the director of Riga Jewish gymnasium where Yiddish was the language of education. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_19

From 1922 until 1934 he was Riga City councilman. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_20

He was removed from office after the 1934 Latvian coup d'état on the grounds of "political unreliability". "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_21

On June 14, 1941 he was arrested and deported by Soviets to Siberia from where he was released only in 1956. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_22

Dr. Noah Meisel, Daugavpils city council member, was subsequently elected for the Bund in the 1st Saeima in 1922, and again in 1925 and 1928, but was not reelected in 1931. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_23

He was arrested and deported by the Soviet authorities after the Soviet invasion and annexation of Latvia in 1940 and died in exile in far Northern Russia in 1956. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_24

According to Valdis Lumans, "the leftist Bund more often than not sided with Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party more than with the Jewish bloc" (comprising Agudath Israel, the Zionists and the Jewish National Democratic Party). "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_25

International affiliation "Bund" in Latvia_section_3

After World War I, the Latvian Bund sent a representative, Raphael Abramovitch, to the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Menshevik) delegation at the founding Vienna conference of the International Working Union of Socialist Parties in 1921, where he was particularly active in association with the Menshevik leader Julius Martov. "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_26

He "emerged as one of the recognized leaders of the Vienna Union". "Bund" in Latvia_sentence_27

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/"Bund" in Latvia.