2000 United States census

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The United States census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 census. 2000 United States census_sentence_0

This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States. 2000 United States census_sentence_1

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 2000 census, which contained over 100 questions. 2000 United States census_sentence_2

Full documentation on the 2000 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. 2000 United States census_sentence_3

This was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of over 30 million, as well as the first in which two states – California and Texas – recorded populations of more than 20 million. 2000 United States census_sentence_4

Data availability 2000 United States census_section_0

Microdata from the 2000 census is freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. 2000 United States census_sentence_5

Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 2000 United States census_sentence_6

Personally identifiable information will be available in 2072. 2000 United States census_sentence_7

State rankings 2000 United States census_section_1

2000 United States census_table_general_0

Rank2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_0 State2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_1 Population as of

1990 census2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_2

Population as of

2000 census2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_3

Change2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_4 Percent

change2000 United States census_header_cell_0_0_5

12000 United States census_cell_0_1_0 California2000 United States census_cell_0_1_1 29,760,0212000 United States census_cell_0_1_2 33,871,6482000 United States census_cell_0_1_3 4,111,6272000 United States census_cell_0_1_4 13.8%2000 United States census_cell_0_1_5
22000 United States census_cell_0_2_0 Texas2000 United States census_cell_0_2_1 16,986,5102000 United States census_cell_0_2_2 20,851,8202000 United States census_cell_0_2_3 3,865,5102000 United States census_cell_0_2_4 22.8%2000 United States census_cell_0_2_5
32000 United States census_cell_0_3_0 New York2000 United States census_cell_0_3_1 17,990,4552000 United States census_cell_0_3_2 18,976,4572000 United States census_cell_0_3_3 986,0022000 United States census_cell_0_3_4 5.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_3_5
42000 United States census_cell_0_4_0 Florida2000 United States census_cell_0_4_1 12,937,9262000 United States census_cell_0_4_2 15,982,3782000 United States census_cell_0_4_3 3,044,4522000 United States census_cell_0_4_4 23.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_4_5
52000 United States census_cell_0_5_0 Illinois2000 United States census_cell_0_5_1 11,430,6022000 United States census_cell_0_5_2 12,419,2932000 United States census_cell_0_5_3 988,6912000 United States census_cell_0_5_4 8.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_5_5
62000 United States census_cell_0_6_0 Pennsylvania2000 United States census_cell_0_6_1 11,881,6432000 United States census_cell_0_6_2 12,281,0542000 United States census_cell_0_6_3 399,4112000 United States census_cell_0_6_4 3.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_6_5
72000 United States census_cell_0_7_0 Ohio2000 United States census_cell_0_7_1 10,847,1152000 United States census_cell_0_7_2 11,353,1402000 United States census_cell_0_7_3 506,0252000 United States census_cell_0_7_4 4.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_7_5
82000 United States census_cell_0_8_0 Michigan2000 United States census_cell_0_8_1 9,295,2972000 United States census_cell_0_8_2 9,938,4442000 United States census_cell_0_8_3 643,1472000 United States census_cell_0_8_4 6.9%2000 United States census_cell_0_8_5
92000 United States census_cell_0_9_0 New Jersey2000 United States census_cell_0_9_1 7,730,1882000 United States census_cell_0_9_2 8,414,3502000 United States census_cell_0_9_3 684,1622000 United States census_cell_0_9_4 8.9%2000 United States census_cell_0_9_5
102000 United States census_cell_0_10_0 Georgia2000 United States census_cell_0_10_1 6,478,2162000 United States census_cell_0_10_2 8,186,4532000 United States census_cell_0_10_3 1,708,2372000 United States census_cell_0_10_4 26.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_10_5
112000 United States census_cell_0_11_0 North Carolina2000 United States census_cell_0_11_1 6,628,6372000 United States census_cell_0_11_2 8,049,3132000 United States census_cell_0_11_3 1,420,6762000 United States census_cell_0_11_4 21.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_11_5
122000 United States census_cell_0_12_0 Virginia2000 United States census_cell_0_12_1 6,187,3582000 United States census_cell_0_12_2 7,078,5152000 United States census_cell_0_12_3 891,1572000 United States census_cell_0_12_4 14.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_12_5
132000 United States census_cell_0_13_0 Massachusetts2000 United States census_cell_0_13_1 6,016,4252000 United States census_cell_0_13_2 6,349,0972000 United States census_cell_0_13_3 332,6722000 United States census_cell_0_13_4 5.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_13_5
142000 United States census_cell_0_14_0 Indiana2000 United States census_cell_0_14_1 5,544,1592000 United States census_cell_0_14_2 6,080,4852000 United States census_cell_0_14_3 536,3262000 United States census_cell_0_14_4 9.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_14_5
152000 United States census_cell_0_15_0 Washington2000 United States census_cell_0_15_1 4,866,6922000 United States census_cell_0_15_2 5,894,1212000 United States census_cell_0_15_3 1,027,4292000 United States census_cell_0_15_4 21.1%2000 United States census_cell_0_15_5
162000 United States census_cell_0_16_0 Tennessee2000 United States census_cell_0_16_1 4,877,1852000 United States census_cell_0_16_2 5,689,2832000 United States census_cell_0_16_3 812,0982000 United States census_cell_0_16_4 16.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_16_5
172000 United States census_cell_0_17_0 Missouri2000 United States census_cell_0_17_1 5,117,0732000 United States census_cell_0_17_2 5,595,2112000 United States census_cell_0_17_3 478,1382000 United States census_cell_0_17_4 9.3%2000 United States census_cell_0_17_5
182000 United States census_cell_0_18_0 Wisconsin2000 United States census_cell_0_18_1 4,891,7692000 United States census_cell_0_18_2 5,363,6752000 United States census_cell_0_18_3 471,9062000 United States census_cell_0_18_4 9.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_18_5
192000 United States census_cell_0_19_0 Maryland2000 United States census_cell_0_19_1 4,781,4682000 United States census_cell_0_19_2 5,296,4862000 United States census_cell_0_19_3 515,0182000 United States census_cell_0_19_4 10.8%2000 United States census_cell_0_19_5
202000 United States census_cell_0_20_0 Arizona2000 United States census_cell_0_20_1 3,665,2282000 United States census_cell_0_20_2 5,130,6322000 United States census_cell_0_20_3 1,465,4042000 United States census_cell_0_20_4 40.0%2000 United States census_cell_0_20_5
212000 United States census_cell_0_21_0 Minnesota2000 United States census_cell_0_21_1 4,375,0992000 United States census_cell_0_21_2 4,919,4792000 United States census_cell_0_21_3 544,3802000 United States census_cell_0_21_4 12.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_21_5
222000 United States census_cell_0_22_0 Louisiana2000 United States census_cell_0_22_1 4,219,9732000 United States census_cell_0_22_2 4,468,9762000 United States census_cell_0_22_3 249,0032000 United States census_cell_0_22_4 5.9%2000 United States census_cell_0_22_5
232000 United States census_cell_0_23_0 Alabama2000 United States census_cell_0_23_1 4,040,5872000 United States census_cell_0_23_2 4,447,1002000 United States census_cell_0_23_3 406,5132000 United States census_cell_0_23_4 10.1%2000 United States census_cell_0_23_5
242000 United States census_cell_0_24_0 Colorado2000 United States census_cell_0_24_1 3,294,3942000 United States census_cell_0_24_2 4,301,2612000 United States census_cell_0_24_3 1,006,8672000 United States census_cell_0_24_4 30.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_24_5
252000 United States census_cell_0_25_0 Kentucky2000 United States census_cell_0_25_1 3,685,2962000 United States census_cell_0_25_2 4,041,7692000 United States census_cell_0_25_3 356,4732000 United States census_cell_0_25_4 9.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_25_5
262000 United States census_cell_0_26_0 South Carolina2000 United States census_cell_0_26_1 3,486,7032000 United States census_cell_0_26_2 4,012,0122000 United States census_cell_0_26_3 525,3092000 United States census_cell_0_26_4 15.1%2000 United States census_cell_0_26_5
272000 United States census_cell_0_27_0 Oklahoma2000 United States census_cell_0_27_1 3,145,5852000 United States census_cell_0_27_2 3,450,6542000 United States census_cell_0_27_3 305,0692000 United States census_cell_0_27_4 9.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_27_5
282000 United States census_cell_0_28_0 Oregon2000 United States census_cell_0_28_1 2,842,3212000 United States census_cell_0_28_2 3,421,3992000 United States census_cell_0_28_3 579,0782000 United States census_cell_0_28_4 20.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_28_5
292000 United States census_cell_0_29_0 Connecticut2000 United States census_cell_0_29_1 3,287,1162000 United States census_cell_0_29_2 3,405,5652000 United States census_cell_0_29_3 118,4492000 United States census_cell_0_29_4 3.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_29_5
302000 United States census_cell_0_30_0 Iowa2000 United States census_cell_0_30_1 2,776,7552000 United States census_cell_0_30_2 2,926,3242000 United States census_cell_0_30_3 149,5692000 United States census_cell_0_30_4 5.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_30_5
312000 United States census_cell_0_31_0 Mississippi2000 United States census_cell_0_31_1 2,573,2162000 United States census_cell_0_31_2 2,844,6582000 United States census_cell_0_31_3 271,4422000 United States census_cell_0_31_4 10.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_31_5
322000 United States census_cell_0_32_0 Kansas2000 United States census_cell_0_32_1 2,477,5742000 United States census_cell_0_32_2 2,688,4182000 United States census_cell_0_32_3 210,8442000 United States census_cell_0_32_4 8.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_32_5
332000 United States census_cell_0_33_0 Arkansas2000 United States census_cell_0_33_1 2,350,7252000 United States census_cell_0_33_2 2,673,4002000 United States census_cell_0_33_3 322,6752000 United States census_cell_0_33_4 13.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_33_5
342000 United States census_cell_0_34_0 Utah2000 United States census_cell_0_34_1 1,722,8502000 United States census_cell_0_34_2 2,233,1692000 United States census_cell_0_34_3 510,3192000 United States census_cell_0_34_4 29.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_34_5
352000 United States census_cell_0_35_0 Nevada2000 United States census_cell_0_35_1 1,201,8332000 United States census_cell_0_35_2 1,998,2572000 United States census_cell_0_35_3 796,4242000 United States census_cell_0_35_4 66.3%2000 United States census_cell_0_35_5
362000 United States census_cell_0_36_0 New Mexico2000 United States census_cell_0_36_1 1,515,0692000 United States census_cell_0_36_2 1,819,0462000 United States census_cell_0_36_3 303,9772000 United States census_cell_0_36_4 20.1%2000 United States census_cell_0_36_5
372000 United States census_cell_0_37_0 West Virginia2000 United States census_cell_0_37_1 1,793,4772000 United States census_cell_0_37_2 1,808,3442000 United States census_cell_0_37_3 14,8672000 United States census_cell_0_37_4 0.8%2000 United States census_cell_0_37_5
382000 United States census_cell_0_38_0 Nebraska2000 United States census_cell_0_38_1 1,578,3852000 United States census_cell_0_38_2 1,711,2632000 United States census_cell_0_38_3 132,8782000 United States census_cell_0_38_4 8.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_38_5
392000 United States census_cell_0_39_0 Idaho2000 United States census_cell_0_39_1 1,006,7492000 United States census_cell_0_39_2 1,293,9532000 United States census_cell_0_39_3 287,2042000 United States census_cell_0_39_4 28.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_39_5
402000 United States census_cell_0_40_0 Maine2000 United States census_cell_0_40_1 1,227,9282000 United States census_cell_0_40_2 1,274,9232000 United States census_cell_0_40_3 46,9952000 United States census_cell_0_40_4 3.8%2000 United States census_cell_0_40_5
412000 United States census_cell_0_41_0 New Hampshire2000 United States census_cell_0_41_1 1,109,2522000 United States census_cell_0_41_2 1,235,7862000 United States census_cell_0_41_3 126,5342000 United States census_cell_0_41_4 11.4%2000 United States census_cell_0_41_5
422000 United States census_cell_0_42_0 Hawaii2000 United States census_cell_0_42_1 1,108,2292000 United States census_cell_0_42_2 1,211,5372000 United States census_cell_0_42_3 103,3082000 United States census_cell_0_42_4 9.3%2000 United States census_cell_0_42_5
432000 United States census_cell_0_43_0 Rhode Island2000 United States census_cell_0_43_1 1,003,4642000 United States census_cell_0_43_2 1,048,3192000 United States census_cell_0_43_3 44,8552000 United States census_cell_0_43_4 4.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_43_5
442000 United States census_cell_0_44_0 Montana2000 United States census_cell_0_44_1 799,0652000 United States census_cell_0_44_2 902,1952000 United States census_cell_0_44_3 103,1302000 United States census_cell_0_44_4 12.9%2000 United States census_cell_0_44_5
452000 United States census_cell_0_45_0 Delaware2000 United States census_cell_0_45_1 666,1682000 United States census_cell_0_45_2 783,6002000 United States census_cell_0_45_3 117,4322000 United States census_cell_0_45_4 17.6%2000 United States census_cell_0_45_5
462000 United States census_cell_0_46_0 South Dakota2000 United States census_cell_0_46_1 696,0042000 United States census_cell_0_46_2 754,8442000 United States census_cell_0_46_3 58,8402000 United States census_cell_0_46_4 8.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_46_5
472000 United States census_cell_0_47_0 North Dakota2000 United States census_cell_0_47_1 638,8002000 United States census_cell_0_47_2 642,2002000 United States census_cell_0_47_3 3,4002000 United States census_cell_0_47_4 0.5%2000 United States census_cell_0_47_5
482000 United States census_cell_0_48_0 Alaska2000 United States census_cell_0_48_1 550,0432000 United States census_cell_0_48_2 626,9322000 United States census_cell_0_48_3 76,8892000 United States census_cell_0_48_4 14.0%2000 United States census_cell_0_48_5
492000 United States census_cell_0_49_0 Vermont2000 United States census_cell_0_49_1 562,7582000 United States census_cell_0_49_2 608,8272000 United States census_cell_0_49_3 46,0692000 United States census_cell_0_49_4 8.2%2000 United States census_cell_0_49_5
2000 United States census_cell_0_50_0 District of Columbia2000 United States census_cell_0_50_1 606,9002000 United States census_cell_0_50_2 572,0592000 United States census_cell_0_50_3 -34,8412000 United States census_cell_0_50_4 -5.7%2000 United States census_cell_0_50_5
502000 United States census_cell_0_51_0 Wyoming2000 United States census_cell_0_51_1 453,5882000 United States census_cell_0_51_2 493,7822000 United States census_cell_0_51_3 40,1942000 United States census_cell_0_51_4 8.9%2000 United States census_cell_0_51_5
2000 United States census_cell_0_52_0 United States2000 United States census_cell_0_52_1 248,709,8732000 United States census_cell_0_52_2 281,421,9062000 United States census_cell_0_52_3 32,712,0332000 United States census_cell_0_52_4 13.2%2000 United States census_cell_0_52_5

City rankings 2000 United States census_section_2

Top 100 2000 United States census_section_3

2000 United States census_table_general_1

Rank2000 United States census_header_cell_1_0_0 City2000 United States census_header_cell_1_0_1 State2000 United States census_header_cell_1_0_2 Population2000 United States census_header_cell_1_0_3 Region2000 United States census_header_cell_1_0_4
12000 United States census_cell_1_1_0 New York2000 United States census_cell_1_1_1 NY2000 United States census_cell_1_1_2 8,008,2782000 United States census_cell_1_1_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_1_4
22000 United States census_cell_1_2_0 Los Angeles2000 United States census_cell_1_2_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_2_2 3,694,8202000 United States census_cell_1_2_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_2_4
32000 United States census_cell_1_3_0 Chicago2000 United States census_cell_1_3_1 IL2000 United States census_cell_1_3_2 2,896,0162000 United States census_cell_1_3_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_3_4
42000 United States census_cell_1_4_0 Houston2000 United States census_cell_1_4_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_4_2 1,953,6312000 United States census_cell_1_4_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_4_4
52000 United States census_cell_1_5_0 Philadelphia2000 United States census_cell_1_5_1 PA2000 United States census_cell_1_5_2 1,517,5502000 United States census_cell_1_5_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_5_4
62000 United States census_cell_1_6_0 Phoenix2000 United States census_cell_1_6_1 AZ2000 United States census_cell_1_6_2 1,321,0452000 United States census_cell_1_6_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_6_4
72000 United States census_cell_1_7_0 San Diego2000 United States census_cell_1_7_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_7_2 1,223,4002000 United States census_cell_1_7_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_7_4
82000 United States census_cell_1_8_0 Dallas2000 United States census_cell_1_8_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_8_2 1,188,5802000 United States census_cell_1_8_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_8_4
92000 United States census_cell_1_9_0 San Antonio2000 United States census_cell_1_9_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_9_2 1,144,6462000 United States census_cell_1_9_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_9_4
102000 United States census_cell_1_10_0 Detroit2000 United States census_cell_1_10_1 MI2000 United States census_cell_1_10_2 951,2702000 United States census_cell_1_10_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_10_4
112000 United States census_cell_1_11_0 San Jose2000 United States census_cell_1_11_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_11_2 894,9432000 United States census_cell_1_11_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_11_4
122000 United States census_cell_1_12_0 Indianapolis2000 United States census_cell_1_12_1 IN2000 United States census_cell_1_12_2 791,9262000 United States census_cell_1_12_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_12_4
132000 United States census_cell_1_13_0 San Francisco2000 United States census_cell_1_13_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_13_2 776,7332000 United States census_cell_1_13_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_13_4
142000 United States census_cell_1_14_0 Jacksonville2000 United States census_cell_1_14_1 FL2000 United States census_cell_1_14_2 735,6172000 United States census_cell_1_14_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_14_4
152000 United States census_cell_1_15_0 Columbus2000 United States census_cell_1_15_1 OH2000 United States census_cell_1_15_2 711,4702000 United States census_cell_1_15_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_15_4
162000 United States census_cell_1_16_0 Austin2000 United States census_cell_1_16_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_16_2 656,5622000 United States census_cell_1_16_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_16_4
172000 United States census_cell_1_17_0 Baltimore2000 United States census_cell_1_17_1 MD2000 United States census_cell_1_17_2 651,1542000 United States census_cell_1_17_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_17_4
182000 United States census_cell_1_18_0 Memphis2000 United States census_cell_1_18_1 TN2000 United States census_cell_1_18_2 650,1002000 United States census_cell_1_18_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_18_4
192000 United States census_cell_1_19_0 Milwaukee2000 United States census_cell_1_19_1 WI2000 United States census_cell_1_19_2 596,9742000 United States census_cell_1_19_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_19_4
202000 United States census_cell_1_20_0 Boston2000 United States census_cell_1_20_1 MA2000 United States census_cell_1_20_2 589,1412000 United States census_cell_1_20_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_20_4
212000 United States census_cell_1_21_0 Washington2000 United States census_cell_1_21_1 DC2000 United States census_cell_1_21_2 572,0592000 United States census_cell_1_21_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_21_4
222000 United States census_cell_1_22_0 Nashville-Davidson2000 United States census_cell_1_22_1 TN2000 United States census_cell_1_22_2 569,8912000 United States census_cell_1_22_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_22_4
232000 United States census_cell_1_23_0 El Paso2000 United States census_cell_1_23_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_23_2 563,6622000 United States census_cell_1_23_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_23_4
242000 United States census_cell_1_24_0 Seattle2000 United States census_cell_1_24_1 WA2000 United States census_cell_1_24_2 563,3742000 United States census_cell_1_24_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_24_4
252000 United States census_cell_1_25_0 Denver2000 United States census_cell_1_25_1 CO2000 United States census_cell_1_25_2 554,6362000 United States census_cell_1_25_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_25_4
262000 United States census_cell_1_26_0 Charlotte2000 United States census_cell_1_26_1 NC2000 United States census_cell_1_26_2 540,8282000 United States census_cell_1_26_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_26_4
272000 United States census_cell_1_27_0 Fort Worth2000 United States census_cell_1_27_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_27_2 534,6942000 United States census_cell_1_27_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_27_4
282000 United States census_cell_1_28_0 Portland2000 United States census_cell_1_28_1 OR2000 United States census_cell_1_28_2 529,1212000 United States census_cell_1_28_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_28_4
292000 United States census_cell_1_29_0 Oklahoma City2000 United States census_cell_1_29_1 OK2000 United States census_cell_1_29_2 506,1322000 United States census_cell_1_29_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_29_4
302000 United States census_cell_1_30_0 Tucson2000 United States census_cell_1_30_1 AZ2000 United States census_cell_1_30_2 486,6992000 United States census_cell_1_30_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_30_4
312000 United States census_cell_1_31_0 New Orleans2000 United States census_cell_1_31_1 LA2000 United States census_cell_1_31_2 484,6742000 United States census_cell_1_31_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_31_4
322000 United States census_cell_1_32_0 Las Vegas2000 United States census_cell_1_32_1 NV2000 United States census_cell_1_32_2 478,4342000 United States census_cell_1_32_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_32_4
332000 United States census_cell_1_33_0 Cleveland2000 United States census_cell_1_33_1 OH2000 United States census_cell_1_33_2 478,4032000 United States census_cell_1_33_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_33_4
342000 United States census_cell_1_34_0 Long Beach2000 United States census_cell_1_34_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_34_2 461,5222000 United States census_cell_1_34_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_34_4
352000 United States census_cell_1_35_0 Albuquerque2000 United States census_cell_1_35_1 NM2000 United States census_cell_1_35_2 448,6072000 United States census_cell_1_35_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_35_4
362000 United States census_cell_1_36_0 Kansas City2000 United States census_cell_1_36_1 MO2000 United States census_cell_1_36_2 441,5452000 United States census_cell_1_36_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_36_4
372000 United States census_cell_1_37_0 Fresno2000 United States census_cell_1_37_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_37_2 427,6522000 United States census_cell_1_37_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_37_4
382000 United States census_cell_1_38_0 Virginia Beach2000 United States census_cell_1_38_1 VA2000 United States census_cell_1_38_2 425,2572000 United States census_cell_1_38_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_38_4
392000 United States census_cell_1_39_0 San Juan2000 United States census_cell_1_39_1 PR2000 United States census_cell_1_39_2 421,9582000 United States census_cell_1_39_3 2000 United States census_cell_1_39_4
402000 United States census_cell_1_40_0 Atlanta2000 United States census_cell_1_40_1 GA2000 United States census_cell_1_40_2 416,4742000 United States census_cell_1_40_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_40_4
412000 United States census_cell_1_41_0 Sacramento2000 United States census_cell_1_41_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_41_2 407,0182000 United States census_cell_1_41_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_41_4
422000 United States census_cell_1_42_0 Oakland2000 United States census_cell_1_42_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_42_2 399,4842000 United States census_cell_1_42_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_42_4
432000 United States census_cell_1_43_0 Mesa2000 United States census_cell_1_43_1 AZ2000 United States census_cell_1_43_2 396,3752000 United States census_cell_1_43_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_43_4
442000 United States census_cell_1_44_0 Tulsa2000 United States census_cell_1_44_1 OK2000 United States census_cell_1_44_2 393,0492000 United States census_cell_1_44_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_44_4
452000 United States census_cell_1_45_0 Omaha2000 United States census_cell_1_45_1 NE2000 United States census_cell_1_45_2 390,0072000 United States census_cell_1_45_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_45_4
462000 United States census_cell_1_46_0 Minneapolis2000 United States census_cell_1_46_1 MN2000 United States census_cell_1_46_2 382,6182000 United States census_cell_1_46_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_46_4
472000 United States census_cell_1_47_0 Honolulu2000 United States census_cell_1_47_1 HI2000 United States census_cell_1_47_2 371,6572000 United States census_cell_1_47_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_47_4
482000 United States census_cell_1_48_0 Miami2000 United States census_cell_1_48_1 FL2000 United States census_cell_1_48_2 362,4702000 United States census_cell_1_48_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_48_4
492000 United States census_cell_1_49_0 Colorado Springs2000 United States census_cell_1_49_1 CO2000 United States census_cell_1_49_2 360,8902000 United States census_cell_1_49_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_49_4
502000 United States census_cell_1_50_0 St. Louis2000 United States census_cell_1_50_1 MO2000 United States census_cell_1_50_2 348,1892000 United States census_cell_1_50_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_50_4
512000 United States census_cell_1_51_0 Wichita2000 United States census_cell_1_51_1 KS2000 United States census_cell_1_51_2 344,2842000 United States census_cell_1_51_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_51_4
522000 United States census_cell_1_52_0 Santa Ana2000 United States census_cell_1_52_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_52_2 337,9772000 United States census_cell_1_52_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_52_4
532000 United States census_cell_1_53_0 Pittsburgh2000 United States census_cell_1_53_1 PA2000 United States census_cell_1_53_2 334,5632000 United States census_cell_1_53_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_53_4
542000 United States census_cell_1_54_0 Arlington2000 United States census_cell_1_54_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_54_2 332,9692000 United States census_cell_1_54_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_54_4
552000 United States census_cell_1_55_0 Cincinnati2000 United States census_cell_1_55_1 OH2000 United States census_cell_1_55_2 331,2852000 United States census_cell_1_55_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_55_4
562000 United States census_cell_1_56_0 Anaheim2000 United States census_cell_1_56_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_56_2 328,0142000 United States census_cell_1_56_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_56_4
572000 United States census_cell_1_57_0 Toledo2000 United States census_cell_1_57_1 OH2000 United States census_cell_1_57_2 313,6192000 United States census_cell_1_57_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_57_4
582000 United States census_cell_1_58_0 Tampa2000 United States census_cell_1_58_1 FL2000 United States census_cell_1_58_2 303,4472000 United States census_cell_1_58_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_58_4
592000 United States census_cell_1_59_0 Buffalo2000 United States census_cell_1_59_1 NY2000 United States census_cell_1_59_2 292,6482000 United States census_cell_1_59_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_59_4
602000 United States census_cell_1_60_0 St. Paul2000 United States census_cell_1_60_1 MN2000 United States census_cell_1_60_2 287,1512000 United States census_cell_1_60_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_60_4
612000 United States census_cell_1_61_0 Corpus Christi2000 United States census_cell_1_61_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_61_2 277,4542000 United States census_cell_1_61_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_61_4
622000 United States census_cell_1_62_0 Aurora2000 United States census_cell_1_62_1 CO2000 United States census_cell_1_62_2 276,3932000 United States census_cell_1_62_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_62_4
632000 United States census_cell_1_63_0 Raleigh2000 United States census_cell_1_63_1 NC2000 United States census_cell_1_63_2 276,0932000 United States census_cell_1_63_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_63_4
642000 United States census_cell_1_64_0 Newark2000 United States census_cell_1_64_1 NJ2000 United States census_cell_1_64_2 273,5462000 United States census_cell_1_64_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_64_4
652000 United States census_cell_1_65_0 Lexington-Fayette2000 United States census_cell_1_65_1 KY2000 United States census_cell_1_65_2 260,5122000 United States census_cell_1_65_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_65_4
662000 United States census_cell_1_66_0 Anchorage2000 United States census_cell_1_66_1 AK2000 United States census_cell_1_66_2 260,2832000 United States census_cell_1_66_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_66_4
672000 United States census_cell_1_67_0 Louisville2000 United States census_cell_1_67_1 KY2000 United States census_cell_1_67_2 256,2312000 United States census_cell_1_67_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_67_4
682000 United States census_cell_1_68_0 Riverside2000 United States census_cell_1_68_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_68_2 255,1662000 United States census_cell_1_68_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_68_4
692000 United States census_cell_1_69_0 St. Petersburg2000 United States census_cell_1_69_1 FL2000 United States census_cell_1_69_2 248,2322000 United States census_cell_1_69_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_69_4
702000 United States census_cell_1_70_0 Bakersfield2000 United States census_cell_1_70_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_70_2 247,0572000 United States census_cell_1_70_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_70_4
712000 United States census_cell_1_71_0 Stockton2000 United States census_cell_1_71_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_71_2 243,7712000 United States census_cell_1_71_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_71_4
722000 United States census_cell_1_72_0 Birmingham2000 United States census_cell_1_72_1 AL2000 United States census_cell_1_72_2 242,8202000 United States census_cell_1_72_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_72_4
732000 United States census_cell_1_73_0 Jersey City2000 United States census_cell_1_73_1 NJ2000 United States census_cell_1_73_2 240,0552000 United States census_cell_1_73_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_73_4
742000 United States census_cell_1_74_0 Norfolk2000 United States census_cell_1_74_1 VA2000 United States census_cell_1_74_2 234,4032000 United States census_cell_1_74_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_74_4
752000 United States census_cell_1_75_0 Baton Rouge2000 United States census_cell_1_75_1 LA2000 United States census_cell_1_75_2 227,8182000 United States census_cell_1_75_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_75_4
762000 United States census_cell_1_76_0 Hialeah2000 United States census_cell_1_76_1 FL2000 United States census_cell_1_76_2 226,4192000 United States census_cell_1_76_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_76_4
772000 United States census_cell_1_77_0 Lincoln2000 United States census_cell_1_77_1 NE2000 United States census_cell_1_77_2 225,5812000 United States census_cell_1_77_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_77_4
782000 United States census_cell_1_78_0 Greensboro2000 United States census_cell_1_78_1 NC2000 United States census_cell_1_78_2 223,8912000 United States census_cell_1_78_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_78_4
792000 United States census_cell_1_79_0 Plano2000 United States census_cell_1_79_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_79_2 222,0302000 United States census_cell_1_79_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_79_4
802000 United States census_cell_1_80_0 Rochester2000 United States census_cell_1_80_1 NY2000 United States census_cell_1_80_2 219,7732000 United States census_cell_1_80_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_80_4
812000 United States census_cell_1_81_0 Glendale2000 United States census_cell_1_81_1 AZ2000 United States census_cell_1_81_2 218,8122000 United States census_cell_1_81_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_81_4
822000 United States census_cell_1_82_0 Akron2000 United States census_cell_1_82_1 OH2000 United States census_cell_1_82_2 217,0742000 United States census_cell_1_82_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_82_4
832000 United States census_cell_1_83_0 Garland2000 United States census_cell_1_83_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_83_2 215,7682000 United States census_cell_1_83_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_83_4
842000 United States census_cell_1_84_0 Madison2000 United States census_cell_1_84_1 WI2000 United States census_cell_1_84_2 208,0542000 United States census_cell_1_84_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_84_4
852000 United States census_cell_1_85_0 Fort Wayne2000 United States census_cell_1_85_1 IN2000 United States census_cell_1_85_2 205,7272000 United States census_cell_1_85_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_85_4
862000 United States census_cell_1_86_0 Bayamon2000 United States census_cell_1_86_1 PR2000 United States census_cell_1_86_2 203,4992000 United States census_cell_1_86_3 2000 United States census_cell_1_86_4
872000 United States census_cell_1_87_0 Fremont2000 United States census_cell_1_87_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_87_2 203,4132000 United States census_cell_1_87_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_87_4
882000 United States census_cell_1_88_0 Scottsdale2000 United States census_cell_1_88_1 AZ2000 United States census_cell_1_88_2 202,7052000 United States census_cell_1_88_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_88_4
892000 United States census_cell_1_89_0 Montgomery2000 United States census_cell_1_89_1 AL2000 United States census_cell_1_89_2 201,5682000 United States census_cell_1_89_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_89_4
902000 United States census_cell_1_90_0 Shreveport2000 United States census_cell_1_90_1 LA2000 United States census_cell_1_90_2 200,1452000 United States census_cell_1_90_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_90_4
912000 United States census_cell_1_91_0 Augusta-Richmond County2000 United States census_cell_1_91_1 GA2000 United States census_cell_1_91_2 199,7752000 United States census_cell_1_91_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_91_4
922000 United States census_cell_1_92_0 Lubbock2000 United States census_cell_1_92_1 TX2000 United States census_cell_1_92_2 199,5642000 United States census_cell_1_92_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_92_4
932000 United States census_cell_1_93_0 Chesapeake2000 United States census_cell_1_93_1 VA2000 United States census_cell_1_93_2 199,1842000 United States census_cell_1_93_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_93_4
942000 United States census_cell_1_94_0 Mobile2000 United States census_cell_1_94_1 AL2000 United States census_cell_1_94_2 198,9152000 United States census_cell_1_94_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_94_4
952000 United States census_cell_1_95_0 Des Moines2000 United States census_cell_1_95_1 IA2000 United States census_cell_1_95_2 198,6822000 United States census_cell_1_95_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_95_4
962000 United States census_cell_1_96_0 Grand Rapids2000 United States census_cell_1_96_1 MI2000 United States census_cell_1_96_2 197,8002000 United States census_cell_1_96_3 Midwest2000 United States census_cell_1_96_4
972000 United States census_cell_1_97_0 Richmond2000 United States census_cell_1_97_1 VA2000 United States census_cell_1_97_2 197,7902000 United States census_cell_1_97_3 South2000 United States census_cell_1_97_4
982000 United States census_cell_1_98_0 Yonkers2000 United States census_cell_1_98_1 NY2000 United States census_cell_1_98_2 196,0862000 United States census_cell_1_98_3 Northeast2000 United States census_cell_1_98_4
992000 United States census_cell_1_99_0 Spokane2000 United States census_cell_1_99_1 WA2000 United States census_cell_1_99_2 195,6292000 United States census_cell_1_99_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_99_4
1002000 United States census_cell_1_100_0 Glendale2000 United States census_cell_1_100_1 CA2000 United States census_cell_1_100_2 194,9732000 United States census_cell_1_100_3 West2000 United States census_cell_1_100_4

Population profile 2000 United States census_section_4

See also: Race and ethnicity in the United States Census 2000 United States census_sentence_8

The U.S. resident population includes the total number of people in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. 2000 United States census_sentence_9

The Bureau also enumerated the residents of the U.S. 2000 United States census_sentence_10 territory of Puerto Rico; its population was 3,808,610, an 8.1% increase over the number from a decade earlier. 2000 United States census_sentence_11

In an introduction to a more detailed population profile (see references below), the Census Bureau highlighted the following facts about U.S. population dynamics: 2000 United States census_sentence_12

2000 United States census_unordered_list_0

  • 75% of respondents said they were White or Caucasian and no other race;2000 United States census_item_0_0
  • Hispanics accounted for 12.5% of the U.S. population, up from 9% in 1990;2000 United States census_item_0_1
  • 12.4% (34.5 million Americans) were of German descent;2000 United States census_item_0_2
  • 12.3% were of Black or African American descent;2000 United States census_item_0_3
  • 3.6% of respondents were Asian;2000 United States census_item_0_4
  • 2.4% (6.8 million Americans) of respondents were multiracial (2 or more races). The 2000 census was the first time survey options for multiracial Americans were provided.2000 United States census_item_0_5
  • Between 1990 and 2000, the population aged 45 to 54 grew by 49% and those aged 85 and older grew 38%;2000 United States census_item_0_6
  • Women outnumbered men two to one among those aged 85 and older;2000 United States census_item_0_7
  • Almost one in five adults had some type of disability in 1997 and the likelihood of having a disability increased with age;2000 United States census_item_0_8
  • Families (as opposed to men or women living alone) still dominated American households, but less so than they did thirty years ago;2000 United States census_item_0_9
  • Since 1993, both families and non-families have seen median household incomes rise, with "households headed by a woman without a spouse present" growing the fastest;2000 United States census_item_0_10
  • People in married-couple families had the lowest poverty rates;2000 United States census_item_0_11
  • The poor of any age were more likely than others to lack health insurance coverage;2000 United States census_item_0_12
  • The number of elementary and high school students in 2000 fell just short of the all-time high of 49 million reached in 1970;2000 United States census_item_0_13
  • Improvements in educational attainment cross racial and ethnic lines; and2000 United States census_item_0_14
  • The majority (51%) of U.S. households had access to computers; 42% had Internet access.2000 United States census_item_0_15

Changes in population 2000 United States census_section_5

Regionally, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nation's population increase: 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively. 2000 United States census_sentence_13

This meant that the mean center of U.S. population moved to Phelps County, Missouri. 2000 United States census_sentence_14

The Northeast grew by 2,785,149; the Midwest by 4,724,144. 2000 United States census_sentence_15

(maps not to scale) 2000 United States census_sentence_16

Reapportionment 2000 United States census_section_6

The results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. 2000 United States census_sentence_17

Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U.S. Code, to reapportion among the states the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives. 2000 United States census_sentence_18

The apportionment population consists of the resident population of the fifty states, plus the overseas military and federal civilian employees and their dependents living with them who could be allocated to a state. 2000 United States census_sentence_19

Each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. 2000 United States census_sentence_20

The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S. House of Representatives. 2000 United States census_sentence_21

Since the first census in 1790, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. 2000 United States census_sentence_22

Article I, Section II specifies that "The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative." 2000 United States census_sentence_23

In 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. 2000 United States census_sentence_24

Since then, the House more than quadrupled in size, and in 1911 the number of representatives was fixed at 435. 2000 United States census_sentence_25

Today, each member represents about 20 times as many constituents. 2000 United States census_sentence_26

Adjustment controversy 2000 United States census_section_7

In the years leading up to the 2000 census, there was substantial controversy over whether the Bureau should adjust census figures based on a follow-up survey, called the post-enumeration survey, of a sample of blocks. 2000 United States census_sentence_27

(In 1999, the Supreme Court ruled 5–4 that the Constitution prohibits the use of such figures for apportionment purposes, but it may be permissible for other purposes where feasible.) 2000 United States census_sentence_28

The controversy was partly technical, but also partly political, since based on data from the 1990 census both parties believed that adjustment would likely have the effect, after redistricting, of slightly increasing Democratic representation in legislative bodies, but would also give Utah an additional, probably Republican, representative to Congress. 2000 United States census_sentence_29

Following the census, discrepancies between the adjusted census figures and demographic estimates of population change could not be resolved in time to meet legal deadlines for the provision of redistricting data, and the Census Bureau therefore recommended that the unadjusted results be used for this purpose. 2000 United States census_sentence_30

This recommendation was followed by the Secretary of Commerce (the official in charge of making the determination). 2000 United States census_sentence_31

Utah controversy 2000 United States census_section_8

After the census was tabulated, Utah challenged the results in two different ways. 2000 United States census_sentence_32

Utah was extremely close to gaining a fourth congressional seat, falling 857 people short, which in turn was allocated to North Carolina. 2000 United States census_sentence_33

The margin was later shortened to 80 people, after the federal government discovered that it overcounted the population of North Carolina by 2,673 residents. 2000 United States census_sentence_34

The Census Bureau counted members of the military and other federal civilian employees serving abroad as residents of their home state but did not count other people living outside the United States. 2000 United States census_sentence_35

Utah claimed that people traveling abroad as religious missionaries should be counted as residents and that the failure to do so imposed a burden on Mormon religious practice. 2000 United States census_sentence_36

Almost half of all Mormon missionaries, more than 11,000 people, were from Utah; only 102 came from North Carolina. 2000 United States census_sentence_37

If this policy were changed, then Utah would have received an additional seat instead of North Carolina. 2000 United States census_sentence_38

On November 26, 2002, the Supreme Court affirmed the lower court ruling that rejected Utah's efforts to have Mormon missionaries counted. 2000 United States census_sentence_39

The state of Utah then filed another lawsuit alleging that the statistical methods used in computing the state populations were improper and cost Utah the seat. 2000 United States census_sentence_40

The Bureau uses a method called imputation to assign a number of residents to addresses where residents cannot be reached after multiple efforts. 2000 United States census_sentence_41

While nationwide the imputation method added 0.4% to the population, the rate in Utah was 0.2%. 2000 United States census_sentence_42

The state challenged that the use of imputation violates the Census Act of 1957 and that it also fails the Constitution's requirement in Article I, Section 2 that an "actual enumeration" be used for apportionment. 2000 United States census_sentence_43

This case, Utah v. Evans, made it to the Supreme Court, but Utah was again defeated. 2000 United States census_sentence_44

Gay and lesbian controversy 2000 United States census_section_9

The census forms did not include any questions regarding sexual orientation, making it impossible to compile data comparing heterosexual and homosexual populations. 2000 United States census_sentence_45

However, two questions were asked that allowed same-sex partnerships to be counted. 2000 United States census_sentence_46

The questionnaires asked the sex of each person in a household and they asked what the relationship was between each of the members of the household. 2000 United States census_sentence_47

Respondents could check "Husband/wife" or "unmarried partner" or a number of other relationships. 2000 United States census_sentence_48

Responses were tabulated and the Census Bureau reported that there were more than 658,000 same-sex couples heading households in the United States. 2000 United States census_sentence_49

However, only about 25% of gay men and 40% of lesbians are in shared-household partnerships at any one time, according to non-Census surveys. 2000 United States census_sentence_50

For every same-sex couple tallied in the census, there could be three to six more homosexual un-partnered individuals who would not be counted as gay. 2000 United States census_sentence_51

The census reported that same-sex male couples numbered 336,001 and female same-sex couples numbered 329,522. 2000 United States census_sentence_52

Extrapolating from those figures and the surveyed partnering habits of homosexuals, as many as 4.3 million homosexual adults could have been living in the U.S. in 2000. 2000 United States census_sentence_53

The exact number cannot be known because the Census did not count them specifically. 2000 United States census_sentence_54

Bisexual and transgender populations were not counted, either, because there were no questions regarding this information. 2000 United States census_sentence_55

Also unavailable is the number of additional same-sex couples living under the same roof as the first, though this applies to additional heterosexual couples as well. 2000 United States census_sentence_56

The lack of accurate numbers makes it difficult for lawmakers who are considering legislation on hate crimes or social services for gay families with children. 2000 United States census_sentence_57

It also makes for less accuracy when predicting the fertility of a population. 2000 United States census_sentence_58

Another issue that concerned gay rights advocates involved the automatic changing of data during the tabulation process. 2000 United States census_sentence_59

This automatic software data compiling method, called allocation, was designed to counteract mistakes and discrepancies in returned questionnaires. 2000 United States census_sentence_60

Forms that were filled out by two same-sex persons who checked the "Husband/wife" relationship box were treated as a discrepancy. 2000 United States census_sentence_61

The Census Bureau explained that same-sex "Husband/wife" data samples were changed to "unmarried partner" by computer processing methods in 99% of the cases. 2000 United States census_sentence_62

In the remaining 1%, computer systems used one of two possibilities: a) one of the two listed sexes was changed, making the partnership appear heterosexual, or b) if the two partners were more than 15 years apart in age, they might have been reassigned into a familial parent/child relationship. 2000 United States census_sentence_63

The process of automatic reassignment of same-sex marriage data was initiated so that the Census Bureau would not contravene the Defense of Marriage Act passed in 1996. 2000 United States census_sentence_64

The Act states: 2000 United States census_sentence_65

With allocation moving married same-sex couples to the unmarried partner category, social scientists lost information that could have been extracted relating to the social stability of a same-gender couple who identify themselves as married. 2000 United States census_sentence_66


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000 United States census.