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Millennium:2010s_cell_0_0_0 3rd millennium2010s_cell_0_0_1
Centuries:2010s_cell_0_1_0 2010s_cell_0_1_1
Decades:2010s_cell_0_2_0 2010s_cell_0_2_1
Years:2010s_cell_0_3_0 2010s_cell_0_3_1
Categories:2010s_cell_0_4_0 2010s_cell_0_4_1

The 2010s (pronounced "twenty-tens" or "two thousand [and] tens", shortened to "the '10s") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on 1 January 2010 and ended on 31 December 2019. 2010s_sentence_0

The decade began amid a global financial crisis and subsequent international recession dating from the late 2000s. 2010s_sentence_1

The resulting European sovereign-debt crisis became more pronounced early in the decade and continued to affect the possibility of a global economic recovery. 2010s_sentence_2

Economic issues, such as austerity, inflation, and an increase in commodity prices, led to unrest in many countries, including the 15-M and Occupy movements. 2010s_sentence_3

Unrest in some countries – particularly in the Arab world – evolved into socioeconomic crises triggering revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, and Bahrain as well as civil wars in Libya, Syria, and Yemen in a widespread phenomenon commonly referred to as the Arab Spring. 2010s_sentence_4

Shifting social attitudes saw LGBT rights and female representation make substantial progress during the decade, particularly in the West and parts of Asia and Africa. 2010s_sentence_5

The United States continued to retain its global superpower status while China, along with launching vast economic initiatives and military reforms, sought to expand its influence in the South China Sea and in Africa, solidifying its position as an emerging global superpower; global competition between China and the U.S. coalesced into a "containment" effort and a trade war. 2010s_sentence_6

Elsewhere in Asia, the Koreas improved their relations after a prolonged crisis and the War on Terror continued as Osama bin Laden was assassinated by U.S. forces in a raid on his compound in Pakistan as a part of the U.S.'s continued military involvement in many parts of the world. 2010s_sentence_7

The rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant extremist organization in 2014 erased the borders between Syria and Iraq, resulting in a multinational intervention that also saw the demise of its leader. 2010s_sentence_8

In Africa, South Sudan broke away from Sudan, and mass protests and various coups d'état saw longtime strongmen deposed. 2010s_sentence_9

Meanwhile, a global populist wave in the USA and UK brought Donald Trump (a businessman and former Reality television host, hosting The Apprentice (American TV series)) into the White House and Brexit. 2010s_sentence_10

The European Union experienced a migrant crisis in the middle of the decade and the historic United Kingdom EU membership referendum followed by withdrawal negotiations during its later years. 2010s_sentence_11

Russia attempted to assert itself in international affairs annexing Crimea in 2014. 2010s_sentence_12

Information technology progressed, with smartphones becoming widespread. 2010s_sentence_13

The Internet of things saw substantial growth during the 2010s due to advancements in wireless networking devices, mobile telephony, and cloud computing. 2010s_sentence_14

Advancements in data processing and the rollout of 4G broadband allowed data and information to disperse among domains at paces never before seen while online resources such as social media facilitated phenomena such as the Me Too movement and the rise of slacktivism and online call-out culture. 2010s_sentence_15

Online nonprofit organization WikiLeaks gained international attention for publishing classified information on topics including , , the Afghan and Iraq wars, and United States diplomacy. 2010s_sentence_16

Edward Snowden blew the whistle on global surveillance, raising awareness on the role governments and private entities have in mass surveillance and information privacy. 2010s_sentence_17

Global warming became increasingly noticeable through new record temperatures in different years and extreme weather events on all continents. 2010s_sentence_18

The CO2 concentration rose from 390 to 410 PPM over the decade. 2010s_sentence_19

At the same time, combating pollution and climate change continued to be major concerns, as protests, initiatives, and legislation garnered substantial media attention. 2010s_sentence_20

Particularly, the Paris Agreement (2015) was adopted and a global climate youth movement was formed. 2010s_sentence_21

Major natural disasters included the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the Nepal earthquake of 2015, the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami, and the devastating hurricanes Washi (Sendong), Sandy, Bopha (Pablo), Haiyan (Yolanda), Harvey, Irma, Maria, Florence, Michael, and Idai. 2010s_sentence_22

Superhero and animated films became box office leaders, with the Marvel Cinematic Universe, Frozen and Despicable Me franchises being the most prominent of that decade. 2010s_sentence_23

Cable providers saw a decline in subscriber numbers as cord cutters switched to lower cost online streaming services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu and Disney+. 2010s_sentence_24

Globalism and an increased demand for variety and personalization in the face of music streaming services such as Spotify created many subgenres. 2010s_sentence_25

Dance, hip-hop, and pop music surged into the 2010s, with EDM achieving mass commercial success. 2010s_sentence_26

Digital music sales topped CD sales in 2012. 2010s_sentence_27

The video game industry continued to be dominated by Nintendo, Sony, and Microsoft; Minecraft became the best-selling game of all time. 2010s_sentence_28

The best-selling book of this decade was Fifty Shades of Grey. 2010s_sentence_29

Politics and conflicts 2010s_section_0

Main article: 2010s in political history 2010s_sentence_30

Major conflicts 2010s_section_1

Main article: List of wars: 2003–present 2010s_sentence_31

The prominent wars of the decade include: 2010s_sentence_32

International wars 2010s_section_2


Name2010s_header_cell_1_0_0 Start date2010s_header_cell_1_0_1 End date2010s_header_cell_1_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_1_0_3
Israeli–Palestinian conflict2010s_cell_1_1_0 14 May 19482010s_cell_1_1_1 Ongoing2010s_header_cell_1_1_2 Conflict between Jewish and Arab communities in Israel and the West Bank have been ongoing since 1948. After Israel occupied the West Bank, it began making settlements there, which has been an obstacle to the peace process. Tensions also remained high as Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, has been launching rockets and cross-border raids into Israeli territory, which Israel has responded with force.2010s_cell_1_1_3
War on Terror2010s_cell_1_2_0 11 September 20012010s_cell_1_2_1 Motivated by the September 11 attacks, the United States and other governments started a large scale effort to eliminate terrorism. With support from NATO, the United States invaded Taliban-controlled Afghanistan and overthrew the government. Two years later, on the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction, the United States and a coalition of partners invaded Iraq and overthrew Hussein, after which the U.S. occupied the country. However, insurgencies remained active in both countries, long after the invasions.2010s_cell_1_2_2
2011 military intervention in Libya2010s_cell_1_3_0 19 March 20112010s_cell_1_3_1 31 October 20112010s_cell_1_3_2 Following United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973, a NATO-led coalition launched an air campaign against Muammar Gaddafi's government in the Libyan Civil War.2010s_cell_1_3_3
Russian military intervention in Ukraine2010s_cell_1_4_0 20 February 20142010s_cell_1_4_1 Ongoing2010s_header_cell_1_4_2 After the fall of Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, Russian soldiers took control of strategic positions in the Ukrainian territory of Crimea and subsequently annexed the region after a controversial referendum. In the months that followed, demonstrations in Donbass escalated into an armed conflict between the government of Ukraine and Russia-backed separatist forces.2010s_cell_1_4_3
International military intervention against ISIL2010s_cell_1_5_0 13 June 20142010s_cell_1_5_1 In late 2013, a terrorist organization called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant began making rapid advances and territorial gains in Iraq and Syria. It captured Mosul in June and made Raqqa its capital. Various international coalitions were formed to help fight the militants. By December 2017, ISIL had lost much of its former territory.2010s_cell_1_5_2
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen2010s_cell_1_6_0 26 March 20152010s_cell_1_6_1 During the Yemeni Civil War, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and other countries invaded parts of Yemen in order to depose the Houthi-controlled government.2010s_cell_1_6_2
Turkish involvement in the Syrian Civil War2010s_cell_1_7_0 24 August 20162010s_cell_1_7_1 During the Syrian Civil War, Turkey invaded parts of northern Syria in order to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and the Syrian Democratic Forces.2010s_cell_1_7_2
2018 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes2010s_cell_1_8_0 20 May 20182010s_cell_1_8_1 27 May 20182010s_cell_1_8_2 2010s_cell_1_8_3
2019 India–Pakistan border skirmishes2010s_cell_1_9_0 26 February 20192010s_cell_1_9_1 22 March 20192010s_cell_1_9_2 The Indian Air Force launches airstrikes on purported terrorist camps in Muzaffarabad and Chakothi areas of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, and Balakot in mainland Pakistan, leading to said standoff.2010s_cell_1_9_3

Civil wars 2010s_section_3

Revolutions and major protests 2010s_section_4

Main article: List of protests in the 21st century 2010s_sentence_33

Successful revolutions and otherwise major protests of the decade include, but are not limited to: 2010s_sentence_34

Arab Spring 2010s_section_5

Main articles: Arab Spring and Impact of the Arab Spring 2010s_sentence_35

The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Islamic world in the early 2010s. 2010s_sentence_36

It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, starting with protests in Tunisia. 2010s_sentence_37

In the news, social media has been heralded as the driving force behind the swift spread of revolution throughout the world, as new protests appear in response to success stories shared from those taking place in other countries. 2010s_sentence_38

In many countries, the governments have also recognized the importance of social media for organizing and have shut down certain sites or blocked Internet service entirely, especially in the times preceding a major rally. 2010s_sentence_39

Governments have also scrutinized or suppressed discussion in those forums through accusing content creators of unrelated crimes or shutting down communication on specific sites or groups, such as through Facebook. 2010s_sentence_40

Nuclear proliferation 2010s_section_6


  • On 8 April 2010, the United States and Russia signed a treaty in Prague, Czech Republic agreed to reduce the stockpiles of their nuclear weapons by half. It is meant to replace the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT), which was set to expire. The treaty went into force on 5 February 2011 after it was ratified by both nations.2010s_item_0_0
  • In 2015, Iran and other world powers agreed to trade sanctions relief for explicit constraints on Iran's contentious nuclear program, including allowing the inspections of nuclear facilities by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). On 16 January 2016 the IAEA confirmed that Iran had complied with the agreement (the JCPOA), allowing the United Nations to lift sanctions immediately. However, on 8 May 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced the United States was withdrawing from the deal.2010s_item_0_1
  • On 7 July 2017, the United Nations passed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination. It has been signed by 58 nations.2010s_item_0_2
  • Throughout the decade, North Korea expanded its nuclear capabilities, performing alleged nuclear tests in 2013 and 2016, which governments responded by placing international sanctions on the country. In response North Korea has threatened the United States, South Korea and Japan with pre-emptive nuclear strikes. However, in 2018, North Korea suggested that they may disarm their nuclear arsenal after negotiations with the United States.2010s_item_0_3
  • On 1 February 2019, The US formally suspended the Russo-American Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), and Russia did the same on the following day in response. The US formally withdrew from the treaty on 2 August 2019.2010s_item_0_4
  • The United States initiated a renovation of its nuclear weapon arsenal.2010s_item_0_5

Terrorist attacks 2010s_section_7

Main article: List of terrorist incidents § 1970–present 2010s_sentence_41

The most prominent terrorist attacks committed against civilian populations during the decade include, but are not limited to: 2010s_sentence_42


Event2010s_header_cell_2_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_2_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_2_0_2 Deaths2010s_header_cell_2_0_3 Injuries2010s_header_cell_2_0_4 Ref.2010s_header_cell_2_0_5
2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing2010s_cell_2_1_0 1 January 20102010s_cell_2_1_1 Pakistan2010s_cell_2_1_2 1052010s_cell_2_1_3 100+2010s_cell_2_1_4 2010s_cell_2_1_5
2010 Moscow Metro bombings2010s_cell_2_2_0 29 March 20102010s_cell_2_2_1 Russia2010s_cell_2_2_2 402010s_cell_2_2_3 1022010s_cell_2_2_4 2010s_cell_2_2_5
2011 Mumbai bombings2010s_cell_2_3_0 13 July 20112010s_cell_2_3_1 India2010s_cell_2_3_2 262010s_cell_2_3_3 130+2010s_cell_2_3_4 2010s_cell_2_3_5
2011 Norway attacks2010s_cell_2_4_0 22 July 20112010s_cell_2_4_1 Norway2010s_cell_2_4_2 772010s_cell_2_4_3 319+2010s_cell_2_4_4 2010s_cell_2_4_5
2011 Mogadishu bombing2010s_cell_2_5_0 4 October 20112010s_cell_2_5_1 Somalia2010s_cell_2_5_2 1002010s_cell_2_5_3 110+2010s_cell_2_5_4 2010s_cell_2_5_5
Boston Marathon bombing2010s_cell_2_6_0 15 April 20132010s_cell_2_6_1 United_States2010s_cell_2_6_2 32010s_cell_2_6_3 2642010s_cell_2_6_4 2010s_cell_2_6_5
Zamboanga City siege2010s_cell_2_7_0 9 September 20132010s_cell_2_7_1 Philippines2010s_cell_2_7_2 2202010s_cell_2_7_3 702010s_cell_2_7_4 2010s_cell_2_7_5
Westgate shopping mall attack2010s_cell_2_8_0 21 September 20132010s_cell_2_8_1 Kenya2010s_cell_2_8_2 672010s_cell_2_8_3 1752010s_cell_2_8_4 2010s_cell_2_8_5
2014 Kunming attack2010s_cell_2_9_0 1 March 20142010s_cell_2_9_1 China2010s_cell_2_9_2 352010s_cell_2_9_3 1432010s_cell_2_9_4 2010s_cell_2_9_5
May 2014 Ürümqi attack2010s_cell_2_10_0 22 May 20142010s_cell_2_10_1 China2010s_cell_2_10_2 432010s_cell_2_10_3 902010s_cell_2_10_4 2010s_cell_2_10_5
Camp Speicher massacre2010s_cell_2_11_0 12 June 20142010s_cell_2_11_1 Iraq2010s_cell_2_11_2 1,5662010s_cell_2_11_3 2010s_cell_2_11_4 2010s_cell_2_11_5
2014 Sydney hostage crisis2010s_cell_2_12_0 15 December 20142010s_cell_2_12_1 Australia2010s_cell_2_12_2 32010s_cell_2_12_3 182010s_cell_2_12_4 2010s_cell_2_12_5
2014 Peshawar school massacre2010s_cell_2_13_0 16 December 20142010s_cell_2_13_1 Pakistan2010s_cell_2_13_2 1482010s_cell_2_13_3 1142010s_cell_2_13_4 2010s_cell_2_13_5
2015 Baga massacre2010s_cell_2_14_0 3–7 January 20152010s_cell_2_14_1 Nigeria2010s_cell_2_14_2 150+2010s_cell_2_14_3 2010s_cell_2_14_4 2010s_cell_2_14_5
January 2015 Île-de-France attacks2010s_cell_2_15_0 7–9 January 20152010s_cell_2_15_1 France2010s_cell_2_15_2 202010s_cell_2_15_3 222010s_cell_2_15_4 2010s_cell_2_15_5
2015 Sana'a mosque bombings2010s_cell_2_16_0 20 March 20152010s_cell_2_16_1 Yemen2010s_cell_2_16_2 1422010s_cell_2_16_3 3512010s_cell_2_16_4 2010s_cell_2_16_5
Garissa University College attack2010s_cell_2_17_0 2 April 20152010s_cell_2_17_1 Kenya2010s_cell_2_17_2 1522010s_cell_2_17_3 792010s_cell_2_17_4 2010s_cell_2_17_5
2015 Ramadan attacks2010s_cell_2_18_0 26 June 20152010s_cell_2_18_1 Various2010s_cell_2_18_2 4032010s_cell_2_18_3 336+2010s_cell_2_18_4 2010s_cell_2_18_5
2015 Beirut bombings2010s_cell_2_19_0 12 November 20152010s_cell_2_19_1 Lebanon2010s_cell_2_19_2 432010s_cell_2_19_3 2402010s_cell_2_19_4 2010s_cell_2_19_5
2015 Ankara bombings2010s_cell_2_20_0 10 October 20152010s_cell_2_20_1 Turkey2010s_cell_2_20_2 1092010s_cell_2_20_3 400+2010s_cell_2_20_4 2010s_cell_2_20_5
2015 Metrojet crash2010s_cell_2_21_0 31 October 20152010s_cell_2_21_1 Russia2010s_cell_2_21_2 2242010s_cell_2_21_3 2010s_cell_2_21_4 2010s_cell_2_21_5
November 2015 Paris attacks2010s_cell_2_22_0 13 November 20152010s_cell_2_22_1 France2010s_cell_2_22_2 1312010s_cell_2_22_3 4132010s_cell_2_22_4 2010s_cell_2_22_5
2015 San Bernardino attack2010s_cell_2_23_0 2 December 20152010s_cell_2_23_1 United_States2010s_cell_2_23_2 142010s_cell_2_23_3 222010s_cell_2_23_4 2010s_cell_2_23_5
2016 Brussels bombings2010s_cell_2_24_0 22 March 20162010s_cell_2_24_1 Belgium2010s_cell_2_24_2 352010s_cell_2_24_3 300+2010s_cell_2_24_4 2010s_cell_2_24_5
Orlando nightclub shooting2010s_cell_2_25_0 12 June 20162010s_cell_2_25_1 United_States2010s_cell_2_25_2 492010s_cell_2_25_3 532010s_cell_2_25_4 2010s_cell_2_25_5
2016 Istanbul airport attack2010s_cell_2_26_0 28 June 20162010s_cell_2_26_1 Turkey2010s_cell_2_26_2 452010s_cell_2_26_3 2362010s_cell_2_26_4 2010s_cell_2_26_5
July 2016 Baghdad bombings2010s_cell_2_27_0 3 July 20162010s_cell_2_27_1 Iraq2010s_cell_2_27_2 3402010s_cell_2_27_3 2462010s_cell_2_27_4 2010s_cell_2_27_5
2016 Nice truck attack2010s_cell_2_28_0 14 July 20162010s_cell_2_28_1 France2010s_cell_2_28_2 872010s_cell_2_28_3 4342010s_cell_2_28_4 2010s_cell_2_28_5
2016 Berlin truck attack2010s_cell_2_29_0 19 December 20162010s_cell_2_29_1 Germany2010s_cell_2_29_2 122010s_cell_2_29_3 562010s_cell_2_29_4 2010s_cell_2_29_5
Istanbul nightclub shooting2010s_cell_2_30_0 1 January 20172010s_cell_2_30_1 Turkey2010s_cell_2_30_2 392010s_cell_2_30_3 702010s_cell_2_30_4 2010s_cell_2_30_5
2017 Westminster attack2010s_cell_2_31_0 22 March 20172010s_cell_2_31_1 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_2_31_2 62010s_cell_2_31_3 492010s_cell_2_31_4 2010s_cell_2_31_5
2017 St. Petersburg Metro bombing2010s_cell_2_32_0 3 April 20172010s_cell_2_32_1 Russia2010s_cell_2_32_2 152010s_cell_2_32_3 642010s_cell_2_32_4 2010s_cell_2_32_5
2017 Stockholm truck attack2010s_cell_2_33_0 7 April 20172010s_cell_2_33_1 Sweden2010s_cell_2_33_2 52010s_cell_2_33_3 142010s_cell_2_33_4 2010s_cell_2_33_5
2017 Camp Shaheen attack2010s_cell_2_34_0 21 April 20172010s_cell_2_34_1 Afghanistan2010s_cell_2_34_2 140+2010s_cell_2_34_3 160+2010s_cell_2_34_4 2010s_cell_2_34_5
Manchester Arena bombing2010s_cell_2_35_0 22 May 20172010s_cell_2_35_1 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_2_35_2 222010s_cell_2_35_3 592010s_cell_2_35_4 2010s_cell_2_35_5
2017 London Bridge attack2010s_cell_2_36_0 3 June 20172010s_cell_2_36_1 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_2_36_2 112010s_cell_2_36_3 482010s_cell_2_36_4 2010s_cell_2_36_5
2017 Barcelona attacks2010s_cell_2_37_0 17–18 August 20172010s_cell_2_37_1 Spain2010s_cell_2_37_2 162010s_cell_2_37_3 1522010s_cell_2_37_4 2010s_cell_2_37_5
14 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings2010s_cell_2_38_0 14 October 20172010s_cell_2_38_1 Somalia2010s_cell_2_38_2 5872010s_cell_2_38_3 3162010s_cell_2_38_4 2010s_cell_2_38_5
2017 New York City truck attack2010s_cell_2_39_0 31 October 20172010s_cell_2_39_1 United_States2010s_cell_2_39_2 82010s_cell_2_39_3 122010s_cell_2_39_4 2010s_cell_2_39_5
2017 Sinai mosque attack2010s_cell_2_40_0 24 November 20172010s_cell_2_40_1 Egypt2010s_cell_2_40_2 3112010s_cell_2_40_3 1222010s_cell_2_40_4 2010s_cell_2_40_5
2018 Strasbourg attack2010s_cell_2_41_0 11 December 20182010s_cell_2_41_1 France2010s_cell_2_41_2 52010s_cell_2_41_3 112010s_cell_2_41_4 2010s_cell_2_41_5
Christchurch mosque shooting2010s_cell_2_42_0 15 March 20192010s_cell_2_42_1 New_Zealand2010s_cell_2_42_2 512010s_cell_2_42_3 492010s_cell_2_42_4 2010s_cell_2_42_5
2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings2010s_cell_2_43_0 21 April 20192010s_cell_2_43_1 Sri_Lanka2010s_cell_2_43_2 2692010s_cell_2_43_3 500+2010s_cell_2_43_4 2010s_cell_2_43_5
2019 El Paso shooting2010s_cell_2_44_0 3 August 20192010s_cell_2_44_1 United_States2010s_cell_2_44_2 222010s_cell_2_44_3 242010s_cell_2_44_4 2010s_cell_2_44_5
December 2019 Mogadishu bombing2010s_cell_2_45_0 28 December 20192010s_cell_2_45_1 Somalia2010s_cell_2_45_2 852010s_cell_2_45_3 140+2010s_cell_2_45_4 2010s_cell_2_45_5

Political trends 2010s_section_8

Further information: 2010s political history 2010s_sentence_43

International relations 2010s_section_9

China was increasingly called a superpower in the early 2010s, including at the 2011 meeting between President Hu Jintao and United States President Barack Obama. 2010s_sentence_44

China overtook the U.S. as the world's largest trading nation, filing the most patents, expanding its military, landing its lunar rover Yutu on the moon (ending a four-decade lack of lunar exploration) and creating China's Oriental Movie Metropolis as a major film and cultural center. 2010s_sentence_45

China was projected to have the world's largest economy by 2018 with an estimated GDP per capita equal to the U.S. by the late 2050s. 2010s_sentence_46

In 2018, global military spending reached the highest it has been since 1988, late Cold War levels, largely fueled by increased defense spending by China and the United States, whose budgets together accounted for half of the world's total military spending. 2010s_sentence_47

In 2019, the Lowy Institute Asia Power Index, which measures the projections of power in the Indo-Pacific, called both China and the United States the superpowers of the 21st century, citing immense influence in almost all eight indexes of power. 2010s_sentence_48

Along with China, a Vladimir Putin-led Russia also steadily increased its defense spending and continued to modernize its military capabilities throughout the decade, including the development of the T-14 Armata main battle tank and the fifth-generation Sukhoi Su-57 jet fighter. 2010s_sentence_49

Russia also flexed its power projection capabilities, particularly demonstrated during the 2014 annexation of Crimea and its interventions in eastern Ukraine and the Syrian Civil War; Wagner Group had a significant presence in both conflicts. 2010s_sentence_50

Russia also notably waged information warfare campaigns against its geopolitical foes, including interfering in the 2016 U.S. elections via hacking and leaking emails of U.S. political party leadership and by spreading disinformation via the Internet Research Agency. 2010s_sentence_51

Other alleged Russian intelligence operations included the Skripal poisonings and the Montenegrin coup plot, both of which were attributed by some to the Unit 29155 organization. 2010s_sentence_52

Collectively, these activities—and the Western-led efforts to combat the influence of Russian oligarchs and political interests—have been referred to as the Second Cold War. 2010s_sentence_53

The European Union went through several crises. 2010s_sentence_54

The European debt crisis caused severe economic problems to several eurozone member states, most severely Greece. 2010s_sentence_55

The 2015 migration crisis led to several million people entering the EU illegally in a short period of time. 2010s_sentence_56

There was a significant rise in the vote shares of several eurosceptic parties, including the League in Italy, Alternative for Germany, and the Finns Party in Finland. 2010s_sentence_57

As a result of a referendum, the United Kingdom became the first member state in the EU's history to initiate proceedings for leaving the Union. 2010s_sentence_58

Polarization 2010s_section_10

Socio-political polarization increased as conservatives and social liberals clashed over the role and size of government and other social, economic and environmental issues in the West. 2010s_sentence_59

In the United States, polls showed a divided electorate regarding healthcare reform, immigration, gun rights, taxation, job creation, and debt reduction. 2010s_sentence_60

In Europe, movements protesting increasing numbers of refugees from Islamic countries developed, such as the English Defence League and Pegida. 2010s_sentence_61

The trend of polarization in the West was partially influenced by the prevalence of identity politics, both left-wing and right-wing, among activist movements. 2010s_sentence_62

Beginning around 2011, far-left and progressive concepts such as combating social inequality and economic inequality proliferated in the Western world and elsewhere. 2010s_sentence_63

Around the middle of the decade, phenoms such as white nationalism, identitarianism and emboldened feelings of nativism saw a marked reemergence among far-right discourse in the West. 2010s_sentence_64

There were also increased calls for egalitarianism, including between the sexes, and some scholars assert that a fourth wave of feminism began around 2012, with a primary focus on intersectionality. 2010s_sentence_65

Antiestablishment politics 2010s_section_11

Populism in politics saw a widespread surge throughout the decade, with many politicians and various political movements expressing populist sentiments and utilizing populist rhetoric. 2010s_sentence_66

This included conservative wave phenomenon in Latin America and neo-nationalist fervor in Europe and North America. 2010s_sentence_67

The 2019 European Parliament election saw the highest voter turnout in two decades and saw relatively moderate center-right and center-left parties suffer significant losses to less moderate far-right, environmentalist, and both pro-EU and eurosceptic parties, who made notable gains. 2010s_sentence_68

Notable examples of 2010s populist movements included the Tea Party movement, Occupy Wall Street, Brexit, Black Lives Matter, and the alt-right. 2010s_sentence_69

Examples of populist country leaders were just as extensive, with Donald Trump, Narendra Modi, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Hugo Chávez, Matteo Salvini, Jair Bolsonaro, Rodrigo Duterte, Boris Johnson and others, left and right-wing, described as such. 2010s_sentence_70

Related to the rise of populism and protests movements was the decline of traditional political parties. 2010s_sentence_71

In Europe, pasokification described the loss of vote share experienced by traditional center-left or social democratic parties. 2010s_sentence_72

In France, specifically, the collapse of traditional parties was especially notable, with Emmanuel Macron's La République En Marche! 2010s_sentence_73

winning a majority in its first election in 2017. 2010s_sentence_74

Center-left, neoliberal and traditional social democratic parties often lost their vote share to more socialist or democratic socialist alternatives, especially in Europe. 2010s_sentence_75

This happened most completely in Greece, where PASOK was replaced by Syriza as the main left-wing party. 2010s_sentence_76

Other far-left parties which rose in prominence included Podemos in Spain and La France Insoumise in France. 2010s_sentence_77

In the two-party systems of the English-speaking world, these challenges mainly came from within the established parties of the left, with Bernie Sanders in the Democratic Party and Jeremy Corbyn in the Labour Party pushing for more left-wing policies. 2010s_sentence_78

The political establishment was also challenged in many countries by protest movements, often organised through new social media platforms. 2010s_sentence_79

These included the various Arab Spring protests, the Occupy movement, and the yellow vests movement. 2010s_sentence_80

Democracy and authoritarianism 2010s_section_12

Countries which democratized fully or partially during the decade included Angola, which reformed under João Lourenço; Armenia, which went through a revolution; Ecuador, which reformed under Lenín Moreno; Ethiopia; and Malaysia, where the ruling party lost the first election since independence. 2010s_sentence_81

Long-term dictators ousted from power included Muammar Gaddafi of Libya (after 42 years), Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe (37 years), Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen (33 years), Omar al-Bashir of Sudan (30 years), Hosni Mubarak of Egypt (29 years), and Ben Ali of Tunisia (23 years). 2010s_sentence_82

Democratic backsliding occurred in countries such as Hungary, Venezuela, and Turkey. 2010s_sentence_83

The Arab Winter refers to the resurgence of authoritarianism, absolute monarchies and Islamic extremism evolving in the aftermath of the Arab Spring protests in Arab countries. 2010s_sentence_84

The term "Arab Winter" refers to the events across Arab League countries in the Mid-East and North Africa, including the Syrian Civil War, the Iraqi insurgency and the following civil war, the Egyptian Crisis, the Libyan Crisis and the Crisis in Yemen. 2010s_sentence_85

Events referred to as the Arab Winter include those in Egypt that led to the removal of Mohamed Morsi and the seizure of power by General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in an anti-Muslim Brotherhood campaign. 2010s_sentence_86

In 2018, China's National People's Congress approves a constitutional change that removes term limits for its leaders, granting Xi Jinping the status of "leader for life". 2010s_sentence_87

Xi is the General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (de facto leader). 2010s_sentence_88

Deaths 2010s_section_13

Sitting world leaders such as Hugo Chávez, Muammar Gaddafi, Kim Jong-il, Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Lech Kaczyński, Islam Karimov and Tunisia's first freely elected president, Beji Caid Essebsi, all died in office, as did former leaders Fidel Castro, Lee Kuan Yew, Nelson Mandela, Margaret Thatcher, Robert Mugabe, Giulio Andreotti, Francesco Cossiga, Jacques Chirac, Helmut Schmidt, Helmut Kohl, Mohamed Morsi, Ariel Sharon, Shimon Peres, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Václav Havel, Malcolm Fraser, Bob Hawke, B. 2010s_sentence_89

J. Habibie, Yasuhiro Nakasone, Alan García, Jorge Rafael Videla, Néstor Kirchner, Fernando de la Rúa, Patricio Aylwin, Itamar Franco, Dr. 2010s_sentence_90

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and George H. W. Bush. 2010s_sentence_91

Prominent political events 2010s_section_14

Coups 2010s_section_15

Main article: List of coups d'état and coup attempts since 2010 2010s_sentence_92

Coups d'état against ruling governments during the decade include: 2010s_sentence_93


Event2010s_header_cell_3_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_3_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_3_0_2 Ref.2010s_header_cell_3_0_3
Nigerien coup d'état2010s_cell_3_1_0 18 February 20102010s_cell_3_1_1 Niger2010s_cell_3_1_2 2010s_cell_3_1_3
Malian coup d'état2010s_cell_3_2_0 21 March 20122010s_cell_3_2_1 Mali2010s_cell_3_2_2 2010s_cell_3_2_3
Guinea-Bissau coup d'état2010s_cell_3_3_0 12 April 20122010s_cell_3_3_1 Guinea-Bissau2010s_cell_3_3_2 2010s_cell_3_3_3
Egyptian coup d'état2010s_cell_3_4_0 3 July 20132010s_cell_3_4_1 Egypt2010s_cell_3_4_2 2010s_cell_3_4_3
Thai coup d'état2010s_cell_3_5_0 22 May 20142010s_cell_3_5_1 Thailand2010s_cell_3_5_2 2010s_cell_3_5_3
Yemeni coup d'état2010s_cell_3_6_0 21 September 20142010s_cell_3_6_1 Yemen2010s_cell_3_6_2 2010s_cell_3_6_3
Turkish coup d'état attempt2010s_cell_3_7_0 15 July 20162010s_cell_3_7_1 Turkey2010s_cell_3_7_2 2010s_cell_3_7_3
Zimbabwean coup d'état2010s_cell_3_8_0 14 November 20172010s_cell_3_8_1 Zimbabwe2010s_cell_3_8_2 2010s_cell_3_8_3
Gabon coup d'état attempt2010s_cell_3_9_0 7 January 20192010s_cell_3_9_1 Gabon2010s_cell_3_9_2 2010s_cell_3_9_3
Sudanese coup d'état2010s_cell_3_10_0 11 April 20192010s_cell_3_10_1 Sudan2010s_cell_3_10_2 2010s_cell_3_10_3
Amhara coup d'état attempt2010s_cell_3_11_0 22 June 20192010s_cell_3_11_1 Ethiopia2010s_cell_3_11_2 2010s_cell_3_11_3

The following tables of events is listed by the region and by chronological order. 2010s_sentence_94

The prominent political events include, but are not limited to: 2010s_sentence_95

Africa 2010s_section_16

Further information: :Category:2010s in Africa 2010s_sentence_96


Event2010s_header_cell_4_0_0 Country2010s_header_cell_4_0_1 Date2010s_header_cell_4_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_4_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_4_0_4
2011 South Sudanese independence referendum2010s_cell_4_1_0 South_Sudan2010s_cell_4_1_1 9 July 20112010s_cell_4_1_2 A referendum was held in Southern Sudan on whether the region should remain part of Sudan. An overwhelming majority voted in favour of separation and formed the new country of South Sudan.2010s_cell_4_1_3 2010s_cell_4_1_4
Death of Nelson Mandela2010s_cell_4_2_0 South_Africa2010s_cell_4_2_1 5 December 20132010s_cell_4_2_2 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist and President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, died.2010s_cell_4_2_3 2010s_cell_4_2_4
2014 Tunisian presidential election2010s_cell_4_3_0 Tunisia2010s_cell_4_3_1 21 November 20142010s_cell_4_3_2 Beji Caid Essebsi won the first regular presidential election following the Tunisian Revolution against outgoing president Moncef Marzouki. He became Tunisia's fifth president and first freely elected head of state in the Arab world.2010s_cell_4_3_3 2010s_cell_4_3_4
2015 Nigerian general election2010s_cell_4_4_0 Nigeria2010s_cell_4_4_1 29 March 20152010s_cell_4_4_2 Muhammadu Buhari was elected President of Nigeria, the first time the opposition ever won an election against an incumbent and the first ever peaceful transfer of power in the country.2010s_cell_4_4_3 2010s_cell_4_4_4
2016 Gambian presidential election2010s_cell_4_5_0 The_Gambia2010s_cell_4_5_1 1 December 20162010s_cell_4_5_2 Adama Barrow was elected President of The Gambia, defeating long-time President Yahya Jammeh and ending more than 22 years of authoritarian rule.2010s_cell_4_5_3 2010s_cell_4_5_4
Resignation of Jacob Zuma2010s_cell_4_6_0 South_Africa2010s_cell_4_6_1 14 February 20182010s_cell_4_6_2 Jacob Zuma resigns as President of South Africa, after nine years in power.2010s_cell_4_6_3 2010s_cell_4_6_4
Resignation of Abdelaziz Bouteflika2010s_cell_4_7_0 Algeria2010s_cell_4_7_1 2 April 20192010s_cell_4_7_2 Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns as President of Algeria amid widespread protests, after nearly two decades in office.2010s_cell_4_7_3 2010s_cell_4_7_4
Khartoum massacre2010s_cell_4_8_0 Sudan2010s_cell_4_8_1 3 June 20192010s_cell_4_8_2 Security forces of the Transitional Military Council, the military junta ruling Sudan following the ousting of Omar al-Bashir, massacre over 100 people at a sit-in protest amid mass protests in Khartoum. The massacre prompts the African Union to suspend Sudan's participation until civilian rule is reestablished in the country.2010s_cell_4_8_3 2010s_cell_4_8_4
2019 Tunisian presidential election2010s_cell_4_9_0 Tunisia2010s_cell_4_9_1 13 October 20192010s_cell_4_9_2 Conservative academic Kais Saied wins more than 70% of the votes, defeating businessman Nabil Karoui. He became Tunisia's sixth president and second freely elected head of state in the Arab world.2010s_cell_4_9_3 2010s_cell_4_9_4

Americas 2010s_section_17

Further information: :Category:2010s in North America and :Category:2010s in South America 2010s_sentence_97

Asia 2010s_section_18

Further information: :Category:2010s in Asia 2010s_sentence_98


Event2010s_header_cell_5_0_0 Country2010s_header_cell_5_0_1 Date2010s_header_cell_5_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_5_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_5_0_4
2010 Myanmar general election2010s_cell_5_1_0 Myanmar2010s_cell_5_1_1 7 November 20102010s_cell_5_1_2 Thein Sein was elected President of Myanmar, the first civilian President of the country since 1962.2010s_cell_5_1_3 2010s_cell_5_1_4
Death of Kim Jong-il2010s_cell_5_2_0 North_Korea2010s_cell_5_2_1 17 December 20112010s_cell_5_2_2 Supreme Leader Kim Jong-il of North Korea died after governing the country for 17 years. His son, Kim Jong-un, succeeded him.2010s_cell_5_2_3 2010s_cell_5_2_4
2012 Japanese general election2010s_cell_5_3_0 Japan2010s_cell_5_3_1 26 December 20122010s_cell_5_3_2 The Liberal Democratic Party, led by Shinzō Abe, won a landslide victory in Japan's general election.2010s_cell_5_3_3 2010s_cell_5_3_4
North Korea and weapons of mass destruction2010s_cell_5_4_0 North_Korea2010s_cell_5_4_1 11 March 20132010s_cell_5_4_2 The Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un of North Korea broke all peace pacts with South Korea and started a new nuclear weapons plan, inflaming tensions on the Korean Peninsula.2010s_cell_5_4_3 2010s_cell_5_4_4
2014 Indian general election2010s_cell_5_5_0 India2010s_cell_5_5_1 12 May 20142010s_cell_5_5_2 The Bharatiya Janata Party, led by Narendra Modi, won a landslide victory in India's general election, the first time a single party gained a majority on its own since 1984.2010s_cell_5_5_3 2010s_cell_5_5_4
2014 Indonesian presidential election2010s_cell_5_6_0 Indonesia2010s_cell_5_6_1 9 July 20142010s_cell_5_6_2 Joko Widodo won Indonesia's presidential election, becoming the first president to not be from the country's political elite or military.2010s_cell_5_6_3 2010s_cell_5_6_4
Pope Francis's visit to the Philippines2010s_cell_5_7_0 Philippines2010s_cell_5_7_1 18 January 20152010s_cell_5_7_2 An estimated 6 to 7 million attended the Concluding Eucharistic Celebration in Manila on the Feast Day of Santo Niño de Cebú, ending the 5-day apostolic and state visit of Pope Francis in the Philippines, the largest papal crowd in history.2010s_cell_5_7_3 2010s_cell_5_7_4
Death of King Abdullah2010s_cell_5_8_0 Saudi_Arabia2010s_cell_5_8_1 23 January 20152010s_cell_5_8_2 Abdullah, the King of Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2015, died and was succeeded by King Salman.2010s_cell_5_8_3 2010s_cell_5_8_4
Death of Lee Kuan Yew2010s_cell_5_9_0 Singapore2010s_cell_5_9_1 23 March 20152010s_cell_5_9_2 Founding Prime Minister of Singapore who ruled from 1959 to 1990, highly regarded as the founding father of the nation, died from pneumonia at the age of 91.2010s_cell_5_9_3 2010s_cell_5_9_4
India–Bangladesh enclaves2010s_cell_5_10_0 India Bangladesh2010s_cell_5_10_1 6 June 20152010s_cell_5_10_2 India and Bangladesh officially ratified their 1974 agreement to exchange enclaves along their border.2010s_cell_5_10_3 2010s_cell_5_10_4
2016 Taiwanese general election2010s_cell_5_11_0 Taiwan2010s_cell_5_11_1 16 January 20162010s_cell_5_11_2 Tsai Ing-wen was elected President of Taiwan, the first woman to hold the position.2010s_cell_5_11_3 2010s_cell_5_11_4
2016 Philippine presidential election2010s_cell_5_12_0 Philippines2010s_cell_5_12_1 9 May 20162010s_cell_5_12_2 Rodrigo Duterte was elected President of the Philippines.2010s_cell_5_12_3 2010s_cell_5_12_4
Death of Bhumibol Adulyadej2010s_cell_5_13_0 Thailand2010s_cell_5_13_1 13 October 20162010s_cell_5_13_2 Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Thailand from 1946 to 2016, died and was succeeded by his son, Vajiralongkorn.2010s_cell_5_13_3 2010s_cell_5_13_4
Impeachment of Park Geun-hye2010s_cell_5_14_0 South_Korea2010s_cell_5_14_1 10 March 20172010s_cell_5_14_2 South Korean President Park Geun-hye is impeached by the Constitutional Court of Korea in a unanimous decision, terminating Park's presidency. South Korean Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn assumes power following the ruling.2010s_cell_5_14_3 2010s_cell_5_14_4
2017 South Korean presidential election2010s_cell_5_15_0 South_Korea2010s_cell_5_15_1 9 May 20172010s_cell_5_15_2 Moon Jae-in was elected the 12th President of South Korea, originally scheduled to take place later in the year, the election was moved to early May following the impeachment of President Park Geun-hye.2010s_cell_5_15_3 2010s_cell_5_15_4
2018 Malaysian general election2010s_cell_5_16_0 Malaysia2010s_cell_5_16_1 9 May 20182010s_cell_5_16_2 The opposition-led Pakatan Harapan coalition, led by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, secures a parliamentary majority in the Malaysian Parliament, ending the 61-year rule of the Barisan Nasional coalition and leading to the pardon of Anwar Ibrahim.2010s_cell_5_16_3 2010s_cell_5_16_4
2018 North Korea–United States Singapore Summit2010s_cell_5_17_0 North_Korea United_States2010s_cell_5_17_1 12 June 20182010s_cell_5_17_2 United States President and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un, formally meet, the first time any leader of their respective countries met.2010s_cell_5_17_3 2010s_cell_5_17_4
Abdication of Muhammad V of Kelantan2010s_cell_5_18_0 Malaysia2010s_cell_5_18_1 6 January 20192010s_cell_5_18_2 Muhammad V of Kelantan abdicates the federal throne as the 15th monarch of Malaysia, making him the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to do so.2010s_cell_5_18_3 2010s_cell_5_18_4
2019 North Korea–United States Hanoi Summit2010s_cell_5_19_0 North_Korea United_States2010s_cell_5_19_1 27–28 February 20192010s_cell_5_19_2 United States President and North Korea's Supreme Leader, Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un, formally meet, the second time any leader of their respective countries met.2010s_cell_5_19_3 2010s_cell_5_19_4
Kim–Putin meetings2010s_cell_5_20_0 North_Korea Russia2010s_cell_5_20_1 25 April 20192010s_cell_5_20_2 North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-un meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin on Russky Island after being invited to hold talks.2010s_cell_5_20_3 2010s_cell_5_20_4
Abdication of Akihito2010s_cell_5_21_0 Japan2010s_cell_5_21_1 30 April 20192010s_cell_5_21_2 Akihito, the Emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019, abdicated and was succeeded by his son, Naruhito.2010s_cell_5_21_3 2010s_cell_5_21_4
2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis2010s_cell_5_22_0 Iran United_States2010s_cell_5_22_1 5 May 20192010s_cell_5_22_2 The Persian Gulf region saw tensions between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran escalate in mid-2019. The crisis saw oil tankers in the Strait of Hormuz sabotaged and seized, drone shootdowns, and efforts by the U.S. and United Kingdom to pursue military patrols to protect shipping in the gulf.2010s_cell_5_22_3 2010s_cell_5_22_4
2019 Koreas–United States DMZ Summit2010s_cell_5_23_0 South_Korea North_Korea United_States2010s_cell_5_23_1 30 June 20192010s_cell_5_23_2 United States President, North Korea's Supreme Leader and South Korea's President, Donald Trump, Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in, formally meet at an impromptu summit at the Korean Demilitarized Zone. The summit saw the first time a sitting U.S. president stepped into North Korea since the Korean War.2010s_cell_5_23_3 2010s_cell_5_23_4

Europe 2010s_section_19

Further information: :Category:2010s in Europe 2010s_sentence_99


Event2010s_header_cell_6_0_0 Country2010s_header_cell_6_0_1 Date2010s_header_cell_6_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_6_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_6_0_4
Resignation of Silvio Berlusconi2010s_cell_6_1_0 Italy2010s_cell_6_1_1 16 November 20112010s_cell_6_1_2 The longest-serving Prime Minister of Italy, Silvio Berlusconi, resigned in November 2011, after a sexual allegation scandal, a financial crisis and public protests. The economist Mario Monti was appointed new Prime Minister, at the head of a technocratic cabinet.2010s_cell_6_1_3 2010s_cell_6_1_4
Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II2010s_cell_6_2_0 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_6_2_1 6 February 20122010s_cell_6_2_2 Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Diamond Jubilee, which marked the 60th anniversary of her accession.2010s_cell_6_2_3 2010s_cell_6_2_4
2012 French presidential election2010s_cell_6_3_0 France2010s_cell_6_3_1 22 April 20122010s_cell_6_3_2 François Hollande was elected as the new President of France, becoming the first socialist president of the country in 17 years.2010s_cell_6_3_3 2010s_cell_6_3_4
Resignation of Pope Benedict XVI and Papal inauguration of Pope Francis2010s_cell_6_4_0 Vatican_City2010s_cell_6_4_1 28 February – 13 March 20132010s_cell_6_4_2 Benedict XVI resigned as pope, the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294. On 13 March, after a papal conclave, Jorge Mario Bergoglio is inaugurated as Pope Francis, the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first non-European Pope in over 500 years.2010s_cell_6_4_3 2010s_cell_6_4_4
Death of Margaret Thatcher2010s_cell_6_5_0 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_6_5_1 8 April 20132010s_cell_6_5_2 Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, died.2010s_cell_6_5_3 2010s_cell_6_5_4
2013 Italian presidential election2010s_cell_6_6_0 Italy2010s_cell_6_6_1 20 April 20132010s_cell_6_6_2 Amid growing financial tensions, Italian President Giorgio Napolitano was re-elected, the first ever Italian president to be re-elected. Napolitano appointed Enrico Letta Prime Minister, at the head of a grand coalition.2010s_cell_6_6_3 2010s_cell_6_6_4
Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation2010s_cell_6_7_0 Ukraine2010s_cell_6_7_1 18 March 20142010s_cell_6_7_2 Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula from Ukraine following an internationally unrecognized referendum on the status of the region.2010s_cell_6_7_3 2010s_cell_6_7_4
2014 Scottish independence referendum2010s_cell_6_8_0 Scotland2010s_cell_6_8_1 18 September 20142010s_cell_6_8_2 In a referendum called by the governing Scottish National Party, Scotland voted to remain in the United Kingdom, with 55.3% of votes against independence while 44.7% voted in favour.2010s_cell_6_8_3 2010s_cell_6_8_4
Abdication of Juan Carlos I of Spain2010s_cell_6_9_0 Spain2010s_cell_6_9_1 19 June 20142010s_cell_6_9_2 King Juan Carlos I of Spain abdicated in favour of his son, Felipe VI.2010s_cell_6_9_3 2010s_cell_6_9_4
2015 Irish constitutional referendums2010s_cell_6_10_0 Republic_of_Ireland2010s_cell_6_10_1 23 May 20152010s_cell_6_10_2 The Republic of Ireland voted to legalize same-sex marriage, becoming the first country to legalize same-sex marriage by popular vote.2010s_cell_6_10_3 2010s_cell_6_10_4
Adoption of the Paris Agreement2010s_cell_6_11_0 United_Nations2010s_cell_6_11_1 12 December 20152010s_cell_6_11_2 A historic agreement aimed at keeping global warming below 2 °C compared to pre-industrial levels and reducing greenhouse gas emissions is adopted by all 195 UNFCCC member states.2010s_cell_6_11_3 2010s_cell_6_11_4
2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum2010s_cell_6_12_0 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_6_12_1 23 June 20162010s_cell_6_12_2 In a referendum held in the United Kingdom on whether or not to continue being a member of the European Union, 52% of voters chose to leave it. Prime Minister David Cameron announced his resignation afterwards, being succeeded by Theresa May.2010s_cell_6_12_3 2010s_cell_6_12_4
2016 Austrian presidential election2010s_cell_6_13_0 Austria2010s_cell_6_13_1 4 December 20162010s_cell_6_13_2 Independent green Alexander Van der Bellen narrowly beat the far-right Freedom Party of Austria candidate Norbert Hofer in a repeat of the 2016 Austrian presidential election after the first election was annulled.2010s_cell_6_13_3 2010s_cell_6_13_4
2017 French presidential election2010s_cell_6_14_0 France2010s_cell_6_14_1 7 May 20172010s_cell_6_14_2 En Marche! candidate Emmanuel Macron was elected the President of France, replacing incumbent Hollande and defeating National Front candidate Marine Le Pen in the second round of voting. Macron is the youngest president in the history of the French Fifth Republic.2010s_cell_6_14_3 2010s_cell_6_14_4
Death of Helmut Kohl2010s_cell_6_15_0 Germany2010s_cell_6_15_1 16 June 20172010s_cell_6_15_2 Helmut Kohl, former Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 (of West Germany 1982–1990 and of the reunited Germany 1990–1998), dies at the age of 87.2010s_cell_6_15_3 2010s_cell_6_15_4
2017 Spanish constitutional crisis2010s_cell_6_16_0 Spain2010s_cell_6_16_1 6 September 20172010s_cell_6_16_2 Political conflict sparks between the Spanish and the Catalan governments over the 2017 Catalan independence referendum. It still went ahead, with 91% of voters supporting independence within Catalonia, with unionists and Spain opposing the vote. On 27 October, Catalonia declares independence from Spain but it is not recognized by any sovereign nation, while Madrid imposes direct rule for 6 months.2010s_cell_6_16_3 2010s_cell_6_16_4
2018 Italian general election2010s_cell_6_17_0 Italy2010s_cell_6_17_1 4 March 20182010s_cell_6_17_2 The centre-right alliance, in which the right-wing populist League emerged as the main political force, won a plurality of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, while the anti-establishment Five Star Movement became the party with the largest number of votes. After months of negotiations, the two populist parties, M5S and League, formed a government.2010s_cell_6_17_3 2010s_cell_6_17_4
2018 Russian presidential election2010s_cell_6_18_0 Russia2010s_cell_6_18_1 18 March 20182010s_cell_6_18_2 Presidential elections were held in Russia on 18 March 2018. Incumbent Vladimir Putin won reelection for his second consecutive (fourth overall) term in office with 77% of the vote.2010s_cell_6_18_3 2010s_cell_6_18_4
2019 European Parliament election2010s_cell_6_19_0 European_Union2010s_cell_6_19_1 23–26 May 20192010s_cell_6_19_2 The first European Parliamentary election following the European migrant crisis and the vote for Brexit saw large anti-establishment gains by the Greens-European Free Alliance and by Right-Wing Eurosceptic Parties within Identity and Democracy and European Conservatives and Reformists, such as League in Italy, Alternative for Germany, and National Rally in France. Other populist gains were seen in the success of the Brexit Party in the United Kingdom and the Five Star Movement in Italy.2010s_cell_6_19_3 2010s_cell_6_19_4
2019 Conservative Party leadership election2010s_cell_6_20_0 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_6_20_1 7 June – 22 July 20192010s_cell_6_20_2 The Conservative Party of the United Kingdom voted for Boris Johnson to be the party's new leader and prime minister following the resignation of Theresa May on 24 May 2019, the party's first contested leadership election since 2005.2010s_cell_6_20_3 2010s_cell_6_20_4
2019 United Kingdom general election2010s_cell_6_21_0 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_6_21_1 12 December 20192010s_cell_6_21_2 After an extended period of political deadlock over how to proceed with leaving the European Union an early general election took place in the United Kingdom in which the pro-withdrawal Conservative party won a sizeable majority of seats effectively guaranteeing Brexit would make place in January the following year.2010s_cell_6_21_3 2010s_cell_6_21_4

World leaders 2010s_section_20


Assassinations and attempts 2010s_section_21

Main article: List of assassinations and assassination attempts 2010s_sentence_100

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include: 2010s_sentence_101


Date2010s_header_cell_7_0_0 Description2010s_header_cell_7_0_1
1 January 20112010s_cell_7_1_0 Reynaldo Dagsa, Philippine Barangay official from Caloocan, was assassinated by two men during New Year's Eve.2010s_cell_7_1_1
8 January 20112010s_cell_7_2_0 Federal judge John Roll and 5 others were killed and 13 more were injured in a shooting near Tucson. The apparent target, U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords, was critically injured in the head.2010s_cell_7_2_1
2 May 20112010s_cell_7_3_0 Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant Islamist group Al-Qaeda, was killed in a targeted killing in Abbottabad, Pakistan in an operation conducted by a team of United States Navy SEAL commandos.2010s_cell_7_3_1
15 August 20112010s_cell_7_4_0 Esmael Mangudadatu, Governor of Maguindanao, was a victim of a car bomb in Tacurong City, Sultan Kudarat. Two people were killed, including a Maguindanao board member, while six others were wounded.2010s_cell_7_4_1
30 September 20112010s_cell_7_5_0 Anwar al-Awlaki, a senior talent recruiter, planner and spiritual leader of al-Qaeda, was killed in a targeted killing in the northern al-Jawf province of Yemen, using two US Predator drones fired Hellfire missiles.2010s_cell_7_5_1
20 October 20112010s_cell_7_6_0 Muammar Gaddafi, Libya's ousted leader, was shot to death in Sirte.2010s_cell_7_6_1
4 September 20122010s_cell_7_7_0 Pauline Marois, Premier-designate of Quebec, escaped death during her victory speech after Richard Henry Bain opened fire at the Metropolis in Montreal, killing one person and critically injuring another.2010s_cell_7_7_1
9 October 20122010s_cell_7_8_0 Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani women's rights activist, was the victim of an assassination attempt by the Taliban in Pakistan.2010s_cell_7_8_1
6 February 20132010s_cell_7_9_0 Chokri Belaid, Tunisian opposition leader of the Democratic Patriots' Unified Party, was fatally shot.2010s_cell_7_9_1
22 May 20132010s_cell_7_10_0 Lee Rigby, a British Army soldier who was killed by Islamic extremists with links to Al-Qaeda, the first such attack by the group in the United Kingdom since 2005.2010s_cell_7_10_1
25 January 20152010s_cell_7_11_0 Zulkifli Abdhir, suspected member of Jemaah Islamiyah, was killed in a police operation in Mamasapano, Philippines.2010s_cell_7_11_1
27 February 20152010s_cell_7_12_0 Boris Nemtsov, Russian physicist, statesman and opposition politician, was assassinated on the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge, Central Moscow, Russia, within sight of the Kremlin.2010s_cell_7_12_1
5 March 20152010s_cell_7_13_0 Mark Lippert, United States Ambassador to South Korea, was rushed into hospital after he was attacked by a knife-wielding man identified as Kim Ki-jong at a restaurant attached to Sejong Center in downtown Seoul.2010s_cell_7_13_1
26 August 20152010s_cell_7_14_0 Alison Parker and Adam Ward, news reporter and camera operator of CBS affiliate WDBJ of Roanoke, Virginia, were shot and killed on live television during an interview in Moneta, Virginia.2010s_cell_7_14_1
1 March 20162010s_cell_7_15_0 Aid al-Qarni, Islamic Muslim scholar, author and activist, was shot injured in an assassination attempt in Zamboanga City in the Philippines.2010s_cell_7_15_1
16 June 20162010s_cell_7_16_0 Jo Cox, British MP, was shot and stabbed to death by a Neo-Nazi white supremacist in Birstall, England. She was the first British MP assassinated in over a quarter of a century and the first female politician in Britain to be assassinated.2010s_cell_7_16_1
18 June 20162010s_cell_7_17_0 At a rally for Republican presidential candidate, Donald Trump, British illegal alien, Michael Steven Sandford attempted to assassinate the candidate, grabbing the pistol of a Las Vegas Metropolitan Police officer providing security for the event. After waiving his Miranda Rights Sandford claimed that he had wished to kill Trump to prevent him from becoming president.2010s_cell_7_17_1
19 December 20162010s_cell_7_18_0 Andrei Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Turkey, was killed in a gun attack at an art gallery in Ankara.2010s_cell_7_18_1
1 January 20172010s_cell_7_19_0 Emmanuel Niyonkuru, the Burundian environment minister, was shot dead in the nation's capital, Bujumbura.2010s_cell_7_19_1
13 February 20172010s_cell_7_20_0 Kim Jong-nam, eldest son of the late Kim Jong-il, was assassinated by two women in Malaysia with a VX nerve agent.2010s_cell_7_20_1
14 June 20172010s_cell_7_21_0 Republican congressmen were fired upon by 66-year-old James T. Hodgkinson, a left-wing activist from Illinois, during practice ahead of the annual Congressional Baseball Game in Alexandria, Virginia. Congressman Steve Scalise was shot in the hip, American lobbyist Matt Mika was shot multiple times, legislative aide Zach Barth was shot in the calf and Capitol Police officer Crystal Griner sustained a gunshot wound in the ankle. Only Hodgkinson died, in a shootout with 4 police officers.2010s_cell_7_21_1
16 October 20172010s_cell_7_22_0 Isnilon Hapilon, Emir of ISIL in Southeast Asia and leader of Abu Sayyaf, was killed in a military operation in Marawi City, which rescued 17 hostages.2010s_cell_7_22_1
4 March 20182010s_cell_7_23_0 Sergei Skripal, a former Russian double agent, was poisoned alongside his daughter Yulia in the city of Salisbury with a Novichok agent.2010s_cell_7_23_1
2 July 20182010s_cell_7_24_0 Antonio Halili, the former Mayor of Tanauan, Batangas, was assassinated by an unidentified gunman while attending a flag raising ceremony together with around 300 government employees and newly elected barangay officials.2010s_cell_7_24_1
2 October 20182010s_cell_7_25_0 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian dissident and journalist for The Washington Post, was assassinated in the Saudi Arabian consulate by the Saudi Government in Istanbul, Turkey.2010s_cell_7_25_1
October 20182010s_cell_7_26_0 Cesar Sayoc sends sixteen homemade pipe bombs to various critics of president Donald Trump, including Democratic party members, the CNN world headquarters, and actor Robert De Niro. All packages are infiltrated.2010s_cell_7_26_1
22 December 20182010s_cell_7_27_0 Rodel Batocabe, Philippine party–list representative, was assassinated in a gift giving event for senior citizens in Daraga, Albay.2010s_cell_7_27_1
13 January 20192010s_cell_7_28_0 Paweł Adamowicz, Polish Mayor of the city of Gdańsk, was stabbed during a live charity event in Gdańsk by a former inmate. He died the following day.2010s_cell_7_28_1
14 September 20192010s_cell_7_29_0 U.S. President Donald Trump confirmed that Hamza bin Laden, the son of Osama bin Laden, had been killed in a United States counterterrorism operation in the Afghanistan/Pakistan region, after he was placed on the SDT list in January 2017.2010s_cell_7_29_1
27 October 20192010s_cell_7_30_0 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL, was killed during a raid by U.S. special forces in northwestern Syria.2010s_cell_7_30_1

Disasters 2010s_section_22

Non-natural disasters 2010s_section_23

Aviation 2010s_section_24

See also: :Category:21st-century aviation accidents and incidents 2010s_sentence_102


Event2010s_header_cell_8_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_8_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_8_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_8_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_8_0_4
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 4092010s_cell_8_1_0 25 January 20102010s_cell_8_1_1 2010s_cell_8_1_2 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409 crashed into the Mediterranean Sea shortly after take-off from Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport, killing all 90 people on board.2010s_cell_8_1_3 2010s_cell_8_1_4
2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash2010s_cell_8_2_0 10 April 20102010s_cell_8_2_1 Russia2010s_cell_8_2_2 Polish President Lech Kaczyński and dozens of Polish government and military officials were among 96 people killed when their plane crashed near Smolensk, Russia.2010s_cell_8_2_3 2010s_cell_8_2_4
Afriqiyah Airways Flight 7712010s_cell_8_3_0 12 May 20102010s_cell_8_3_1 Libya2010s_cell_8_3_2 Afriqiyah Airways Flight 771 crashed on a runway at Tripoli International Airport in Libya, killing all but one of the 104 passengers and crew.2010s_cell_8_3_3 2010s_cell_8_3_4
Air India Express Flight 8122010s_cell_8_4_0 22 May 20102010s_cell_8_4_1 India2010s_cell_8_4_2 Air India Express Flight 812 overshot the runway at Mangalore International Airport in India, killing 158 people, with eight surviving.2010s_cell_8_4_3 2010s_cell_8_4_4
Airblue Flight 2022010s_cell_8_5_0 28 July 20102010s_cell_8_5_1 Pakistan2010s_cell_8_5_2 Airblue Flight 202 en route from Karachi to Islamabad crashed in the Margalla Hills near Islamabad, killing all 152 aboard, becoming the deadliest air crash in Pakistan's history.2010s_cell_8_5_3 2010s_cell_8_5_4
Dana Air Flight 9922010s_cell_8_6_0 3 June 20122010s_cell_8_6_1 Nigeria2010s_cell_8_6_2 Dana Air Flight 992 crashed in the Nigerian city of Lagos, killing all 153 people aboard. 10 people on the ground also perished.2010s_cell_8_6_3 2010s_cell_8_6_4
Asiana Airlines Flight 2142010s_cell_8_7_0 6 July 20132010s_cell_8_7_1 United_States2010s_cell_8_7_2 Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crashed at San Francisco airport killing 3 and injuring 181 people.2010s_cell_8_7_3 2010s_cell_8_7_4
Malaysia Airlines Flight 3702010s_cell_8_8_0 8 March 20142010s_cell_8_8_1 2010s_cell_8_8_2 Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 vanished en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. The bulk of the plane is still missing, with all 239 people on board presumed dead. The first remains of the aircraft were found on 29 July 2015, after they washed ashore on Réunion Island.2010s_cell_8_8_3 2010s_cell_8_8_4
Malaysia Airlines Flight 172010s_cell_8_9_0 17 July 20142010s_cell_8_9_1 Ukraine2010s_cell_8_9_2 Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down over Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine and crashed near the Ukrainian-Russian border, killing all 298 people on board, making it the deadliest airliner shoot down in history.2010s_cell_8_9_3 2010s_cell_8_9_4
Air Algérie Flight 50172010s_cell_8_10_0 24 July 20142010s_cell_8_10_1 Mali2010s_cell_8_10_2 Air Algérie Flight 5017 crashed in southern Mali, killing all 116 passengers and crew.2010s_cell_8_10_3 2010s_cell_8_10_4
Indonesia AirAsia Flight 85012010s_cell_8_11_0 28 December 20142010s_cell_8_11_1 2010s_cell_8_11_2 Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 crashed in the Java sea after an attempt to avoid heavy thunderstorms, leaving all 162 people dead.2010s_cell_8_11_3 2010s_cell_8_11_4
Germanwings Flight 95252010s_cell_8_12_0 24 March 20152010s_cell_8_12_1 France2010s_cell_8_12_2 Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed in the French Alps, killing all 150 on board.2010s_cell_8_12_3 2010s_cell_8_12_4
2015 Indonesian Air Force Lockheed C-130 Hercules crash2010s_cell_8_13_0 30 June 20152010s_cell_8_13_1 Indonesia2010s_cell_8_13_2 A Lockheed C-130 Hercules operated by the Indonesian Air Force crashed into a crowded residential neighborhood in Medan shortly after take-off from Soewondo Air Force Base, killing 143 people including 22 on the ground, making it the deadliest crash in Indonesian Air Force peacetime history.2010s_cell_8_13_3 2010s_cell_8_13_4
Metrojet Flight 92682010s_cell_8_14_0 31 October 20152010s_cell_8_14_1 Egypt2010s_cell_8_14_2 Metrojet Flight 9268, an Airbus A321 airliner en route to Saint Petersburg from Sharm el-Sheikh, crashes near Al-Hasana in Sinai, killing all 224 passengers and crew on board.2010s_cell_8_14_3 2010s_cell_8_14_4
LaMia Flight 29332010s_cell_8_15_0 29 November 20162010s_cell_8_15_1 Colombia2010s_cell_8_15_2 A chartered Avro RJ85 plane carrying 77 people, including the Chapecoense football team, crashes near Medellín, Colombia. Six of the passengers survived. The 2016 Copa Sudamericana Finals were suspended, and Atlético Nacional, Chapecoense's to-be opponents, gave them the trophy out of respect.2010s_cell_8_15_3 2010s_cell_8_15_4
2016 Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 crash2010s_cell_8_16_0 25 December 20162010s_cell_8_16_1 Russia2010s_cell_8_16_2 A Tupolev Tu-154 crashes near Sochi, Russia, killing all 92 people on board, including 64 members of the Alexandrov Ensemble.2010s_cell_8_16_3 2010s_cell_8_16_4
Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 37042010s_cell_8_17_0 18 February 20182010s_cell_8_17_1 Iran2010s_cell_8_17_2 Iran Aseman Airlines Flight 3704 crashes in the Zagros Mountains, en route from Tehran to Yasuj. All 65 passengers and crew members perish.2010s_cell_8_17_3 2010s_cell_8_17_4
Cubana de Aviación Flight 9722010s_cell_8_18_0 18 May 20182010s_cell_8_18_1 Cuba2010s_cell_8_18_2 Cubana de Aviación Flight 972 crashes shortly after take-off near José Martí International Airport in Havana, killing 112 and leaving only one survivor.2010s_cell_8_18_3 2010s_cell_8_18_4
Lion Air Flight 6102010s_cell_8_19_0 29 October 20182010s_cell_8_19_1 Indonesia2010s_cell_8_19_2 Lion Air Flight 610 crashes off the coast of Java, with 189 passengers on board.2010s_cell_8_19_3 2010s_cell_8_19_4
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 3022010s_cell_8_20_0 10 March 20192010s_cell_8_20_1 Ethiopia2010s_cell_8_20_2 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, a Boeing 737 MAX 8 bound for Nairobi, crashes shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa killing all 157 people on board.2010s_cell_8_20_3 2010s_cell_8_20_4
Aeroflot Flight 14922010s_cell_8_21_0 5 May 20192010s_cell_8_21_1 Russia2010s_cell_8_21_2 Aeroflot Flight 1492 makes a hard landing, causing fire and partial destruction at Sheremetyevo International Airport, Moscow, killing 41 of the 78 people on board.2010s_cell_8_21_3 2010s_cell_8_21_4


  • 2010s_item_2_7
  • 2010s_item_2_8

General 2010s_section_25


Event2010s_header_cell_9_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_9_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_9_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_9_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_9_0_4
2010 Copiapó mining accident2010s_cell_9_1_0 13 October 20102010s_cell_9_1_1 Chile2010s_cell_9_1_2 Thirty-three miners near Copiapó, Chile, were trapped 700 metres (2,300 feet) underground in a mining accident in San José Mine, before being rescued after surviving for a record 69 days.2010s_cell_9_1_3 2010s_cell_9_1_4
2013 Savar building collapse2010s_cell_9_2_0 24 April 20132010s_cell_9_2_1 Bangladesh2010s_cell_9_2_2 An eight-story factory building collapsed in the outskirts of Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring over 2,000 more, becoming the deadliest structural failure in history.2010s_cell_9_2_3 2010s_cell_9_2_4
2015 Tianjin explosions2010s_cell_9_3_0 12 August 20152010s_cell_9_3_1 China2010s_cell_9_3_2 Two explosions occurred within 30 seconds of each other at a container storage station at the Port of Tianjin in the Binhai New Area of Tianjin, China, killing at least 173.2010s_cell_9_3_3 2010s_cell_9_3_4
Mecca crane collapse2010s_cell_9_4_0 11 September 20152010s_cell_9_4_1 Saudi_Arabia2010s_cell_9_4_2 A crane toppled over at Mecca, killing 111 people, weeks before the official Hajj pilgrimage.2010s_cell_9_4_3 2010s_cell_9_4_4
2015 Mina stampede2010s_cell_9_5_0 24 September 20152010s_cell_9_5_1 Saudi_Arabia2010s_cell_9_5_2 A stampede during the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, killed at least 2,236 people, making it the deadliest Hajj disaster in history.2010s_cell_9_5_3 2010s_cell_9_5_4
Bento Rodrigues dam disaster2010s_cell_9_6_0 5 November 20152010s_cell_9_6_1 Brazil2010s_cell_9_6_2 An iron ore tailings dam in Bento Rodrigues, a subdistrict of Mariana, Brazil, suffered a catastrophic failure, causing flooding and at least 17 deaths. At least 16 people have been injured. This incident has been described as the worst environmental disaster in Brazil's history.2010s_cell_9_6_3 2010s_cell_9_6_4
Tham Luang cave rescue2010s_cell_9_7_0 23 June – 10 July 20182010s_cell_9_7_1 Thailand2010s_cell_9_7_2 Twelve boys and their football coach are rescued from the flooded Tham Luang Nang Non cave in Thailand, following a 17-day ordeal that gained worldwide attention.2010s_cell_9_7_3 2010s_cell_9_7_4
Ponte Morandi Collapse2010s_cell_9_8_0 14 August 20182010s_cell_9_8_1 Italy2010s_cell_9_8_2 Part of the Morandi Bridge collapses after a violent storm in Genoa, Italy, causing 43 fatalities. Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio and transport minister Danilo Toninelli blame private company Autostrade per l'Italia.2010s_cell_9_8_3 2010s_cell_9_8_4
Tlahuelilpan pipeline explosion2010s_cell_9_9_0 18 January 20192010s_cell_9_9_1 Mexico2010s_cell_9_9_2 A gasoline pipeline exploded in the town of Tlahuelilpan, in the Mexican state of Hidalgo. The blast killed at least 135 people and injured dozens more. Mexican authorities blamed fuel thieves, who had illegally tapped the pipeline.2010s_cell_9_9_3 2010s_cell_9_9_4
2019 Xiangshui chemical plant explosion2010s_cell_9_10_0 21 March 20192010s_cell_9_10_1 China2010s_cell_9_10_2 A major explosion at a chemical plant in Xiangshui, Jiangsu, China, kills at least 64 people and injures more than 600 others. Its powerful impact registered as an artificial earthquake.2010s_cell_9_10_3 2010s_cell_9_10_4

Fires 2010s_section_26

Main page: :Category:Fires by year 2010s_sentence_103


Event2010s_header_cell_10_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_10_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_10_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_10_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_10_0_4
Comayagua prison fire2010s_cell_10_1_0 14–15 February 20122010s_cell_10_1_1 Honduras2010s_cell_10_1_2 A fire at the National Penitentiary in Comayagua, Honduras killed 361 people.2010s_cell_10_1_3 2010s_cell_10_1_4
2012 Dhaka garment factory fire2010s_cell_10_2_0 24 November 20122010s_cell_10_2_1 Bangladesh2010s_cell_10_2_2 117 people were confirmed dead in a garment factory fire, and over 200 were injured, making it the deadliest factory fire in the nation's history.2010s_cell_10_2_3 2010s_cell_10_2_4
Kiss nightclub fire2010s_cell_10_3_0 27 January 20132010s_cell_10_3_1 Brazil2010s_cell_10_3_2 242 people were killed in a fire at a nightclub in Santa Maria, Brazil.2010s_cell_10_3_3 2010s_cell_10_3_4
Ghost Ship warehouse fire2010s_cell_10_4_0 2 December 20162010s_cell_10_4_1 United_States2010s_cell_10_4_2 36 were killed in an artists' live-and-work collective in an Oakland, CA accident due to substandard wiring.2010s_cell_10_4_3 2010s_cell_10_4_4
Grenfell Tower fire2010s_cell_10_5_0 14 June 20172010s_cell_10_5_1 United_Kingdom2010s_cell_10_5_2 A fire ignited by a faulty refrigerator in a London council estate tower block spread to almost the entirety of the building causing 72 deaths and over 70 injuries.2010s_cell_10_5_3 2010s_cell_10_5_4
2018 Kemerovo fire2010s_cell_10_6_0 25 March 20182010s_cell_10_6_1 Russia2010s_cell_10_6_2 60 people die in a fire at a shopping and entertainment complex in the Russian city of Kemerovo.2010s_cell_10_6_3 2010s_cell_10_6_4
2018 Valencia, Venezuela fire2010s_cell_10_7_0 28 March 20182010s_cell_10_7_1 Venezuela2010s_cell_10_7_2 At least 78 people die in a fire in the police headquarters of Valencia, Venezuela.2010s_cell_10_7_3 2010s_cell_10_7_4
National Museum of Brazil fire2010s_cell_10_8_0 2 September 20182010s_cell_10_8_1 Brazil2010s_cell_10_8_2 A fire destroys the National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. No one was injured, but 90 percent of the collection was destroyed.2010s_cell_10_8_3 2010s_cell_10_8_4
February 2019 Dhaka fire2010s_cell_10_9_0 20 February 20192010s_cell_10_9_1 Bangladesh2010s_cell_10_9_2 A major fire in Dhaka, Bangladesh kills at least 78 people.2010s_cell_10_9_3 2010s_cell_10_9_4
Notre-Dame de Paris fire2010s_cell_10_10_0 15 April 20192010s_cell_10_10_1 France2010s_cell_10_10_2 A major fire at the Notre-Dame Cathedral destroyed most of its roof, and its upper walls were severely damaged; extensive damage to the interior was prevented by its stone vaulted ceiling, which largely contained the burning roof as it collapsed. 3 injuries were reported, but there were no confirmed deaths.2010s_cell_10_10_3 2010s_cell_10_10_4


  • 2010s_item_3_9

Marine 2010s_section_27


Event2010s_header_cell_11_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_11_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_11_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_11_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_11_0_4
Costa Concordia disaster2010s_cell_11_1_0 13 January 20122010s_cell_11_1_1 Italy2010s_cell_11_1_2 The Italian cruise ship Costa Concordia hit a reef and partially capsized off the coast of Isola del Giglio, Italy, killing 32 people.2010s_cell_11_1_3 2010s_cell_11_1_4
Sinking of MV Sewol2010s_cell_11_2_0 16 April 20142010s_cell_11_2_1 South_Korea2010s_cell_11_2_2 South Korean ferry MV Sewol capsized while en route to Jeju, killing 295 people, mostly secondary school students from Danwon High School.2010s_cell_11_2_3 2010s_cell_11_2_4
Sinking of Dongfang zhi Xing2010s_cell_11_3_0 1 June 20152010s_cell_11_3_1 China2010s_cell_11_3_2 The river cruise ship Dongfang zhi Xing capsized in the Yangtze River after being hit by a waterspout, killing 442 people, making it the deadliest maritime disaster in China's peacetime history.2010s_cell_11_3_3 2010s_cell_11_3_4
Sinking of MV Nyerere2010s_cell_11_4_0 20 September 20182010s_cell_11_4_1 Tanzania2010s_cell_11_4_2 The MV Nyerere capsizes on Lake Victoria, killing at least 227 passengers.2010s_cell_11_4_3 2010s_cell_11_4_4

Pollution 2010s_section_28


Event2010s_header_cell_12_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_12_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_12_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_12_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_12_0_4
Deepwater Horizon oil spill2010s_cell_12_1_0 20 April 20102010s_cell_12_1_1 United_States2010s_cell_12_1_2 An explosion on BP's Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, operating in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana, left eleven crewmen dead and resulted in a fire that sank the rig and caused a massive oil spill, becoming the worst environmental disaster in U.S. history.2010s_cell_12_1_3 2010s_cell_12_1_4
Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster2010s_cell_12_2_0 11 March 20112010s_cell_12_2_1 Japan2010s_cell_12_2_2 A magnitude 9.0 earthquake off the coast of Sendai caused a tsunami that severely damaged the Fukushima Daiichi and Fukushima Daini nuclear power plants. The damage resulted in the worst nuclear disaster since the Chernobyl disaster, contaminating the entire area.2010s_cell_12_2_3 2010s_cell_12_2_4
Flint water crisis2010s_cell_12_3_0 25 April 20142010s_cell_12_3_1 United_States2010s_cell_12_3_2 The U.S. city of Flint, Michigan's water source was changed from the treated Detroit Water and Sewerage Department to the Flint River, where officials had failed to apply corrosion inhibitors. This decision led to the water being contaminated by lead and eventual nationwide outrage about an alleged coverup.2010s_cell_12_3_3 2010s_cell_12_3_4

Natural disasters 2010s_section_29

See also: :Category:2010s natural disasters 2010s_sentence_104

Earthquakes and tsunamis 2010s_section_30


Event2010s_header_cell_13_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_13_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_13_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_13_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_13_0_4
2010 Haiti earthquake2010s_cell_13_1_0 12 January 20102010s_cell_13_1_1 Haiti2010s_cell_13_1_2 A 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Haiti, causing widespread destruction in Port-au-Prince. Haitian authorities believe that the disaster killed between 200,000 and 250,000 people and over three million more were affected by the quake. The earthquake was the deadliest disaster in the decade.2010s_cell_13_1_3 2010s_cell_13_1_4
2010 Chile earthquake2010s_cell_13_2_0 27 February 20102010s_cell_13_2_1 Chile2010s_cell_13_2_2 An 8.8 magnitude earthquake occurred in Chile, triggering a tsunami across the Pacific and killing 497. One of the largest earthquakes in recorded history, this rare megathrust earthquake likely shifted Earth's axis and slightly shortened its days.2010s_cell_13_2_3 2010s_cell_13_2_4
2010 Baja California earthquake2010s_cell_13_3_0 4 April 20102010s_cell_13_3_1 Mexico2010s_cell_13_3_2 A 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit Mexicali and Baja, killing three and injuring more than two hundred. US border towns in Imperial Valley, California were affected.2010s_cell_13_3_3 2010s_cell_13_3_4
2010 Yushu earthquake2010s_cell_13_4_0 13 April 20102010s_cell_13_4_1 China2010s_cell_13_4_2 A 6.9 magnitude earthquake occurred in western China, killing at least 2,200 and injuring more than 12,000.2010s_cell_13_4_3 2010s_cell_13_4_4
February 2011 Christchurch earthquake2010s_cell_13_5_0 22 February 20112010s_cell_13_5_1 New_Zealand2010s_cell_13_5_2 A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 185 people.2010s_cell_13_5_3 2010s_cell_13_5_4
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami2010s_cell_13_6_0 11 March 20112010s_cell_13_6_1 Japan2010s_cell_13_6_2 A 9.0 magnitude earthquake hit near Sendai, Japan. It created a 30 feet (9.1 m) high tsunami, leaving 15,893 dead, 2,565 missing and over 150,000 displaced. It was the largest earthquake to hit Japan in 140 years.2010s_cell_13_6_3 2010s_cell_13_6_4
2011 Van earthquake2010s_cell_13_7_0 23 October 20112010s_cell_13_7_1 Turkey2010s_cell_13_7_2 A 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck the Turkish city of Van, leaving over 604 dead and thousands more injured.2010s_cell_13_7_3 2010s_cell_13_7_4
April 2015 Nepal earthquake2010s_cell_13_8_0 25 April 20152010s_cell_13_8_1 Nepal2010s_cell_13_8_2 A massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Nepal killed at least 8,857 people and injured tens of thousands more.It is the worst disaster to hit Nepal in decades.2010s_cell_13_8_3 2010s_cell_13_8_4
May 2015 Nepal earthquake2010s_cell_13_9_0 12 May 20152010s_cell_13_9_1 Nepal2010s_cell_13_9_2 A second major earthquake hit Nepal, measuring 7.3 on the moment magnitude scale, killing 218 more people.2010s_cell_13_9_3 2010s_cell_13_9_4
2016 Ecuador earthquake2010s_cell_13_10_0 16 April 20162010s_cell_13_10_1 Ecuador2010s_cell_13_10_2 A 7.8 earthquake struck near Muisne, Ecuador, killing over 673 people and displacing at least 25,000 more.2010s_cell_13_10_3 2010s_cell_13_10_4
August 2016 Central Italy earthquake2010s_cell_13_11_0 24 August 20162010s_cell_13_11_1 Italy2010s_cell_13_11_2 A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck Central Italy near Norcia, 75 km (47 mi) southeast of Perugia and 45 km (28 mi) north of L'Aquila, in an area near the tripoint of the Umbria, Lazio, and Marche regions. At least 299 people have been left dead.2010s_cell_13_11_3 2010s_cell_13_11_4
2017 Central Mexico earthquake2010s_cell_13_12_0 19 September 20172010s_cell_13_12_1 Mexico2010s_cell_13_12_2 A 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck near the city of Puebla. Coincidentally, it was also the 32nd anniversary of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake, which was commemorated with a national seismic alert drill, just two hours before the real earthquake struck, which left 360 dead and over 6,000 injured.2010s_cell_13_12_3 2010s_cell_13_12_4
2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami2010s_cell_13_13_0 28 September 20182010s_cell_13_13_1 Indonesia2010s_cell_13_13_2 A magnitude 7.5 earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia, causing a tsunami that kills at least 2,256 people and injures more than 540 others.2010s_cell_13_13_3 2010s_cell_13_13_4
2018 Sunda Strait tsunami2010s_cell_13_14_0 22 December 20182010s_cell_13_14_1 Indonesia2010s_cell_13_14_2 A tsunami hits the Sunda Strait, Indonesia, killing at least 430 people and injuring nearly 1,500.2010s_cell_13_14_3 2010s_cell_13_14_4
2019 Peru earthquake2010s_cell_13_15_0 26 May 20192010s_cell_13_15_1 Peru2010s_cell_13_15_2 An 8.0 magnitude earthquake struck in Loreto Region, Peru, killing 2 people and injures more than 30 others.2010s_cell_13_15_3 2010s_cell_13_15_4
2019 Albania earthquake2010s_cell_13_16_0 26 November 20192010s_cell_13_16_1 Albania2010s_cell_13_16_2 A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hits Albania near the cities of Durrës and Tirana, killing 51 people and injuring over 3,000 others.2010s_cell_13_16_3 2010s_cell_13_16_4

Tropical cyclones 2010s_section_31


Event2010s_header_cell_14_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_14_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_14_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_14_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_14_0_4
Typhoon Megi2010s_cell_14_1_0 18 October 20102010s_cell_14_1_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_1_2 Typhoon Megi, known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon Juan, hit the Philippines, killing at least 69 and causing US$709 million in damage.2010s_cell_14_1_3 2010s_cell_14_1_4
Tropical Storm Washi2010s_cell_14_2_0 16 December 20112010s_cell_14_2_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_2_2 Tropical Storm Washi, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Sendong, caused catastrophic damage on the Philippine island of Mindanao. More than 1,000 died and thousands were injured or missing.2010s_cell_14_2_3 2010s_cell_14_2_4
Hurricane Sandy2010s_cell_14_3_0 25 October 20122010s_cell_14_3_1 Various2010s_cell_14_3_2 Hurricane Sandy caused immense destruction in Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and the United States, leaving at least 233 dead. It became the largest Atlantic tropical storm ever.2010s_cell_14_3_3 2010s_cell_14_3_4
Typhoon Bopha2010s_cell_14_4_0 2 December 20122010s_cell_14_4_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_4_2 Typhoon Bopha, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Pablo, struck the Philippines, killing at least 650 people and leaving millions more homeless.2010s_cell_14_4_3 2010s_cell_14_4_4
Typhoon Haiyan2010s_cell_14_5_0 7 November 20132010s_cell_14_5_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_5_2 Typhoon Haiyan, known as Super Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines, hits the Philippines, killing at least 6,000 people, with a thousand more still missing, making it the deadliest typhoon to ever hit the Philippines.2010s_cell_14_5_3 2010s_cell_14_5_4
Hurricane Joaquin2010s_cell_14_6_0 28 September 2015 – 7 October 20152010s_cell_14_6_1 United_StatesCubaThe_BahamasBermudaTurks_and_Caicos_Islands2010s_cell_14_6_2 Hurricane Joaquin was a powerful tropical cyclone that devastated several districts of the Bahamas and caused damage in the Turks and Caicos Islands, parts of the Greater Antilles, and Bermuda.2010s_cell_14_6_3 2010s_cell_14_6_4
Typhoon Melor2010s_cell_14_7_0 13 December 20152010s_cell_14_7_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_7_2 Typhoon Melor, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Nona, hits the Philippines, killing 42 and causing $136 million in damages.2010s_cell_14_7_3 2010s_cell_14_7_4
Cyclone Winston2010s_cell_14_8_0 20 February 20162010s_cell_14_8_1 Fiji2010s_cell_14_8_2 Cyclone Winston struck Fiji, killing 44 people and causing $1.4 billion in damages, making it the costliest tropical cyclone in South Pacific history.2010s_cell_14_8_3 2010s_cell_14_8_4
Hurricane Matthew2010s_cell_14_9_0 28 September 2016 – 9 October 20162010s_cell_14_9_1 United_StatesCubaHaitiJamaicaDominican_RepublicThe_Bahamas2010s_cell_14_9_2 Hurricane Matthew caused catastrophic damage and a humanitarian crisis in Haiti, as well as widespread devastation in the southeastern United States. The deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Hurricane Stan in 2005, it caused extensive damage to landmasses in the Greater Antilles, severe damage in several islands of the Bahamas and was responsible for 603 fatalities.2010s_cell_14_9_3 2010s_cell_14_9_4
Hurricane Harvey2010s_cell_14_10_0 23 August 20172010s_cell_14_10_1 United_States2010s_cell_14_10_2 Hurricane Harvey slams into southeastern Texas after reorganizing over the Gulf of Mexico, causing catastrophic flooding and billions in damages. It became the first major hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Hurricane Wilma in 2005. Total damage from the hurricane was estimated at $125 billion, making it the costliest natural disaster ever in the United States, tied with 2005's Hurricane Katrina.2010s_cell_14_10_3 2010s_cell_14_10_4
Hurricane Irma2010s_cell_14_11_0 30 August 2017 – 16 September 20172010s_cell_14_11_1 Antigua_and_Barbuda

Cuba United_States2010s_cell_14_11_2

Hurricane Irma, an extremely powerful and catastrophic Cape Verde-type hurricane, the strongest observed in the Atlantic since Wilma in 2005 in terms of maximum sustained winds. It was the first Category 5 hurricane to strike the Leeward Islands on record. The storm caused catastrophic damage in Barbuda, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands as a Category 5 hurricane.2010s_cell_14_11_3 2010s_cell_14_11_4
Hurricane Maria2010s_cell_14_12_0 16 September 2017 – 3 October 20172010s_cell_14_12_1 Puerto_RicoDominica2010s_cell_14_12_2 Hurricane Maria is regarded as the worst natural disaster on record in Dominica, and caused catastrophic damage and a major humanitarian crisis in Puerto Rico. The third costliest Atlantic hurricane to date, it caused catastrophic damage and thousands of fatalities across the northeastern Caribbean, compounding recovery efforts in areas still damaged from Hurricane Irma just two weeks prior.2010s_cell_14_12_3 2010s_cell_14_12_4
Typhoon Mangkhut2010s_cell_14_13_0 15 September 20182010s_cell_14_13_1 Philippines2010s_cell_14_13_2 Typhoon Mangkhut, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Ompong, hits northern Luzon, triggering deadly landslides and killing at least 95 people.2010s_cell_14_13_3 2010s_cell_14_13_4
Hurricane Michael2010s_cell_14_14_0 7 October 2018 – 16 October 20182010s_cell_14_14_1 United_StatesCuba2010s_cell_14_14_2 Hurricane Michael was the first Category 5 hurricane to strike the contiguous United States since Andrew in 1992. In addition, it was the third-most intense Atlantic hurricane to make landfall in the contiguous United States in terms of pressure, behind the 1935 Labor Day hurricane and Hurricane Camille of 1969. It was the first Category 5 hurricane on record to impact the Florida Panhandle, and was the fourth-strongest landfalling hurricane in the contiguous United States, in terms of wind speed. Michael was responsible for 74 deaths.2010s_cell_14_14_3 2010s_cell_14_14_4
Hurricane Dorian2010s_cell_14_15_0 24 August 2019 – 10 September 20192010s_cell_14_15_1 The_Bahamas United_States2010s_cell_14_15_2 Hurricane Dorian was one of the strongest Atlantic hurricanes in years, and also is tied as the strongest landfalling Atlantic hurricane since the 1935 Labor Day Hurricane. Dorian also became the worst natural disaster in all of the Bahamas' history, killing over 73 people and causing over US$4.68 billion in damage, with US$3.4 billion of damage in The Bahamas alone after the storm stalled over Grand Bahama at incredible Category 5 intensity. The storm also caused 1.2 billion dollars of damage in the United States after making landfall near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.2010s_cell_14_15_3 2010s_cell_14_15_4

Tornadoes 2010s_section_32


Event2010s_header_cell_15_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_15_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_15_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_15_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_15_0_4
2011 Super Outbreak2010s_cell_15_1_0 25–28 April 20112010s_cell_15_1_1 United_StatesCanada2010s_cell_15_1_2 A tornado outbreak in the United States and Canada killed 324 people across six states. At 360 tornadoes, it was the largest and one of the deadliest tornado outbreaks in United States history.2010s_cell_15_1_3 2010s_cell_15_1_4
21–26 May 2011 tornado outbreak sequence2010s_cell_15_2_0 21 May 20112010s_cell_15_2_1 United_States2010s_cell_15_2_2 Another U.S. tornado outbreak took place over six days. 178 people were killed, most of which occurred in Joplin, Missouri after an EF5 tornado swept through the city, killing 158 people and injuring at least 1,150.2010s_cell_15_2_3 2010s_cell_15_2_4
2019 Nepal tornado2010s_cell_15_3_0 31 March 20192010s_cell_15_3_1 Nepal2010s_cell_15_3_2 A tornado struck the Bara and Parsa districts of Nepal, killing 28 and injuring 1,176 people. It is the first officially recorded tornado in Nepalese history.2010s_cell_15_3_3 2010s_cell_15_3_4

Floods, avalanches, and mudslides 2010s_section_33


Event2010s_header_cell_16_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_16_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_16_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_16_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_16_0_4
2010 Pakistan floods2010s_cell_16_1_0 July 20102010s_cell_16_1_1 Pakistan2010s_cell_16_1_2 Flooding occurred in Pakistan after record monsoon rains, killing at least 1,600 people, thousands were rendered homeless, and more than thirteen million people were affected. Estimates from rescue service officials suggest the death toll might have reached 3,000.2010s_cell_16_1_3 2010s_cell_16_1_4
January 2011 Rio de Janeiro floods and mudslides2010s_cell_16_2_0 11 January 20112010s_cell_16_2_1 Brazil2010s_cell_16_2_2 Floods and mudslides killed 903 people across the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.2010s_cell_16_2_3 2010s_cell_16_2_4
2013 Alberta floods2010s_cell_16_3_0 19 June 20132010s_cell_16_3_1 Canada2010s_cell_16_3_2 Massive flooding occurred in Alberta, becoming the province's worst flooding in decades.2010s_cell_16_3_3 2010s_cell_16_3_4
2014 Southeast Europe floods2010s_cell_16_4_0 13–27 May 20142010s_cell_16_4_1 Serbia

Bosnia_and_Herzegovina Croatia Romania2010s_cell_16_4_2

Between 13 and 18 May 2014 a low pressure cyclone designated "Tamara" and "Yvette" affected a large area of Southeastern and Central Europe, causing floods and landslides. Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina suffered the greatest damage.as the rain was the heaviest in 120 years of recorded weather measurements. At least 86 people were killed and hundreds of thousands had been forced from their homes. Assessments of damage range up to 3.5 billion euros for Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.2010s_cell_16_4_3 2010s_cell_16_4_4
2015 Afghanistan avalanches2010s_cell_16_5_0 24 February 20152010s_cell_16_5_1 Afghanistan2010s_cell_16_5_2 An avalanche killed 310 people and wounded over 129 in Panjshir Province, Afghanistan.2010s_cell_16_5_3 2010s_cell_16_5_4
2015 South Indian floods2010s_cell_16_6_0 8 November 20152010s_cell_16_6_1 India2010s_cell_16_6_2 Heavy rainfall generated by the annual northeast monsoon affected the Coromandel Coast region of the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. More than 500 people were killed and over 1.8 million people were displaced. With estimates of damages and losses ranging from nearly ₹200 billion (US$3 billion) to over ₹1 trillion (US$14 billion), the floods were the costliest to have occurred in 2015, and were among the costliest natural disasters of the year.2010s_cell_16_6_3 2010s_cell_16_6_4

Volcanic eruptions 2010s_section_34


Event2010s_header_cell_17_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_17_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_17_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_17_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_17_0_4
2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull2010s_cell_17_1_0 20 March 20102010s_cell_17_1_1 Iceland2010s_cell_17_1_2 Eruptions of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland caused unprecedented disruption to international air travel, rendering transatlantic flight impossible and closing airways across much of Europe. The event was the largest air traffic shut-down since World War II.2010s_cell_17_1_3 2010s_cell_17_1_4
2010 eruptions of Mount Merapi2010s_cell_17_2_0 Early November 20102010s_cell_17_2_1 Indonesia2010s_cell_17_2_2 Mount Merapi erupted in Indonesia, killing 353 people and grounding flights across Southeast Asia, becoming the largest eruption from the mountain in a century.2010s_cell_17_2_3 2010s_cell_17_2_4
2018 lower Puna eruption2010s_cell_17_3_0 3 May 20182010s_cell_17_3_1 United_States2010s_cell_17_3_2 A lava flow erupted in Hawai'i from Kīlauea's east rift zone, causing much damage and resulting in evacuation orders.2010s_cell_17_3_3 2010s_cell_17_3_4
2018 Volcán de Fuego eruption2010s_cell_17_4_0 3 June 20182010s_cell_17_4_1 Guatemala2010s_cell_17_4_2 Volcán de Fuego erupted in Guatemala, killing at least 190 people, the deadliest eruption in Guatemala since 1929.2010s_cell_17_4_3 2010s_cell_17_4_4
2019 Whakaari/White Island eruption2010s_cell_17_5_0 9 December 20192010s_cell_17_5_1 New_Zealand2010s_cell_17_5_2 Whakaari/White Island, an active stratovolcano off the east coast of New Zealand's North Island, erupted, killing 20 people.2010s_cell_17_5_3 2010s_cell_17_5_4

Droughts, heat waves, and wildfires 2010s_section_35

Main page: :Category:2010s wildfires 2010s_sentence_105


Event2010s_header_cell_18_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_18_0_1 Country2010s_header_cell_18_0_2 Description2010s_header_cell_18_0_3 References2010s_header_cell_18_0_4
2011–17 California drought2010s_cell_18_1_0 December 2011 – March 20172010s_cell_18_1_1 United_States2010s_cell_18_1_2 The state of California suffered through a water drought for the most part of the decade, affecting the way how Californians showered, use their drinking water, and even some of their electricity.2010s_cell_18_1_3 2010s_cell_18_1_4
2015 Indian heat wave2010s_cell_18_2_0 24 May 20152010s_cell_18_2_1 India2010s_cell_18_2_2 A heatwave in Southern India resulted in over 2,500 deaths.2010s_cell_18_2_3 2010s_cell_18_2_4
2015 Pakistani heat wave2010s_cell_18_3_0 20 June 20152010s_cell_18_3_1 Pakistan2010s_cell_18_3_2 A related heatwave hit neighbouring Pakistan, killing over 2,000 people in Karachi alone.2010s_cell_18_3_3 2010s_cell_18_3_4
2016 Fort McMurray wildfire2010s_cell_18_4_0 1 May 20162010s_cell_18_4_1 Canada2010s_cell_18_4_2 A wildfire began southwest of Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada. On 3 May, it swept through the community, destroying more than 2,400 homes and buildings and forcing the largest wildfire evacuation in Alberta's history. The wildfire is the costliest disaster in Canadian history.2010s_cell_18_4_3 2010s_cell_18_4_4
2018 Camp Fire2010s_cell_18_5_0 8–25 November 20182010s_cell_18_5_1 United_States2010s_cell_18_5_2 A wildfire began in Northern California that eventually became the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California history to date. It was also the deadliest wildfire in the United States since the Cloquet fire in 1918, and among the list of deadliest wildfires, it was the sixth-deadliest U.S. wildfire overall, killing 85 people and injuring 17.2010s_cell_18_5_3 2010s_cell_18_5_4
2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires2010s_cell_18_6_0 January 2019 – October 20192010s_cell_18_6_1 Brazil Bolivia

Peru Paraguay2010s_cell_18_6_2

The 2019 wildfires season saw an unusual surge in the number of fires occurring in the Amazon rainforest and other parts of the Amazon biome contained within the countries of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru during the 2019 Amazonian tropical dry season.2010s_cell_18_6_3 2010s_cell_18_6_4
2019–20 Australian bushfires2010s_cell_18_7_0 August 2019 – June 20202010s_cell_18_7_1 Australia2010s_cell_18_7_2 The 2019 Australian bushfire season arrived in the wake of heavy droughts across the country, with fires covering the east coast including the metropolitan confines of Sydney. So far there have been 6 fatalities and hundreds of properties destroyed. Subsequent smoke has covered the city of Sydney, causing toxic air pollution.2010s_cell_18_7_3 2010s_cell_18_7_4

Economics 2010s_section_36

The 2010s began amidst a global financial crisis that started in the late 2000s. 2010s_sentence_106

A sovereign-debt crisis in Europe began in early 2010, and the Greek government admitted that it was having difficulties servicing its large sovereign debt. 2010s_sentence_107

In the summer and fall of 2011, bond yields for Italy and Spain spiked above 6 percent. 2010s_sentence_108

By 2015 bond rates had returned to normal ranges across Europe, save for Greece, which accepted another, even more stringent bailout package. 2010s_sentence_109

The size of the European Financial Stability Facility was increased from €440 billion to €2 trillion. 2010s_sentence_110

Despite the Eurozone debt crisis, the American Dow Jones Industrial Average had its longest stretch of gains since the late 1990s tech boom. 2010s_sentence_111

However, economic issues, including inflation and an increase in commodity prices, sparked unrest in many lower-income countries. 2010s_sentence_112

In some countries, particularly those in the Arab world, political unrest evolved into socioeconomic crises, resulting in the Arab Spring. 2010s_sentence_113

In 2010, China became the second largest global economy, surpassing Japan. 2010s_sentence_114

Japan also saw a rating downgrade the following year due to debt burden. 2010s_sentence_115

In August 2011, the S&P downgraded the United States' credit rating from triple AAA to AA-plus following a debt ceiling crisis. 2010s_sentence_116

Also in 2011, a Gallup poll found that more than half of Americans believed the country was still in a recession. 2010s_sentence_117

In June 2015, the Shanghai Stock Exchange lost a third of the value of A-shares within one month, an event known as the 2015–16 Chinese stock market turbulence. 2010s_sentence_118

India became the fastest growing major economy of the world in 2015, surpassing China. 2010s_sentence_119

In 2018, as the U.S. Federal Reserve raised interest rates, fears of a yield curve inversion preceding a potential U.S. recession sent inflation higher in several emerging markets, including Argentina, where interest rates hit 40% and an International Monetary Fund bail out was issued. 2010s_sentence_120

In 2019, Singapore supplanted the United States as the world's most competitive economy, with the U.S. dropping to third, behind Hong Kong. 2010s_sentence_121

As a result of the global recession, many central banks instituted a zero interest-rate policy, or close to it. 2010s_sentence_122

Another form of monetary stimulus was that of quantitative easing. 2010s_sentence_123

The resulting flood of market liquidity caused a rise in asset prices. 2010s_sentence_124

As a result, for example, US stock prices reached record highs. 2010s_sentence_125

Another concequence has been the rise in housing prices in many major world cities. 2010s_sentence_126

Some of the cities which recorded the most dramatic rises included Sydney, San Francisco, Vancouver, and Auckland. 2010s_sentence_127

Global oil production in 2014 reached a historic peak, reaching 93 million barrels/day. 2010s_sentence_128

In 2018, partially due to a shale boom, the United States overcame Russia and Saudi Arabia in becoming the world's largest crude oil producer, the first time since 1973. 2010s_sentence_129

Around the year 2017 is a period seen by some economists as being the new peak of a "goldilocks economy". 2010s_sentence_130

The International Monetary Fund's April 2019 World Economic Outlook stated, "After peaking at close to 4 percent in 2017, global [economic] growth remained strong, at 3.8 percent in the first half of 2018, but dropped to 3.2 percent in the second half of the year." 2010s_sentence_131

In 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced he would put into place new tariffs on some Chinese products, starting the 'US-China Trade War', an economic conflict involving the world's two largest economies. 2010s_sentence_132

Trump said the reasoning for the trade war is to punish China for 'unfair' trade practices, such as the appropriation of jobs and the theft of American intellectual property. 2010s_sentence_133

China responded with tariffs of its own, and a cycle began, escalating the conflict to the situation faced today. 2010s_sentence_134

As part of his 'America First' policy, Trump also announced new tariffs were being placed on countries around the world for various products such as steel and aluminum, which has drawn some economic retaliation. 2010s_sentence_135

By the end of the decade, in North American and some Western European domestic economies, consumer-level purchasing habits had shifted significantly, a partial consequence of the Great Recession's impact on discretionary incomes and a shifting breadwinner model. 2010s_sentence_136

The so-called "retail apocalypse" had commenced as consumers increasingly resorted to online shopping and e-commerce, accelerating the decline of brick-and-mortar retail and the continued decline of indoor shopping malls. 2010s_sentence_137

The transitioning retail industry and popularity of online shopping facilitated economic phenomena such as bricks and clicks business models, pop-up and non-store retailing, drone delivery services, ghost restaurants, and a quickly maturing online food ordering and delivery service sector. 2010s_sentence_138

This was only further perpetuated by the rise in cryptocurrency throughout the decade, such as Bitcoin. 2010s_sentence_139

By May 2018, over 1,800 cryptocurrency specifications existed. 2010s_sentence_140

In the same vein as cryptocurrency, the trend towards a cashless society continued as non-cash transactions and digital currency saw an increase in favorability in the 2010s. 2010s_sentence_141

By 2016, only about 2 percent of the value transacted in Sweden was by cash, and only about 20 percent of retail transactions were in cash. 2010s_sentence_142

Fewer than half of bank branches in the country conducted cash transactions. 2010s_sentence_143

A report published during the final year of the decade suggested that the percentage of payments conducted in cash in the United Kingdom had fallen to 34% from 63% ten years earlier. 2010s_sentence_144

The 2016 United States User Consumer Survey Study claimed that 75 percent of respondents preferred a credit or debit card as their payment method while only 11 percent of respondents preferred cash. 2010s_sentence_145

Science and technology 2010s_section_37

Main article: 2010s in science and technology 2010s_sentence_146

These are the most significant scientific developments of each year, based on the annual Breakthrough of the Year award of the American Association for the Advancement of Science journal Science. 2010s_sentence_147


Cyber security and hacking 2010s_section_38

See also: :Category:Hacking in the 2010s 2010s_sentence_148

Cyber security incidents, such as hacking, leaks or theft of sensitive information, gained increased attention of governments, corporations and individuals. 2010s_sentence_149


Event2010s_header_cell_19_0_0 Date2010s_header_cell_19_0_1 Description2010s_header_cell_19_0_2
Afghan War documents leak2010s_cell_19_1_0 25 July 20102010s_cell_19_1_1 WikiLeaks published more than 90,000 internal U.S. military logs of the War in Afghanistan. The documents revealed numerous cover-ups and absence of trials for captured or killed Taliban members by the coalition.2010s_cell_19_1_2
Stuxnet2010s_cell_19_2_0 August 20102010s_cell_19_2_1 A malicious computer worm was responsible for causing substantial damage to Iran's nuclear program. Although neither country has admitted responsibility, the worm is now generally acknowledged to be a jointly built American-Israeli cyberweapon.2010s_cell_19_2_2
Iraq War documents leak2010s_cell_19_3_0 22 October 20102010s_cell_19_3_1 WikiLeaks disclosed nearly 392,000 U.S. Army field reports of the Iraq War, the largest leak in the history of the U.S. military. It documented multiple cases of misconduct, abuse of power against civilians and other war crimes by U.S. authorities in the country.2010s_cell_19_3_2
The Offshore leaks2010s_cell_19_4_0 April 20132010s_cell_19_4_1 A report disclosed details of 130,000 offshore accounts, with some observers calling it one of the biggest hit against international tax fraud of all time. The report originated from the Washington D.C. investigative journalism nonprofit, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ).2010s_cell_19_4_2
Global surveillance disclosures (2013–present)2010s_cell_19_5_0 5 June 20132010s_cell_19_5_1 Edward Snowden leaked files through the Guardian newspaper detailing National Security Agency (NSA) privacy policies, including PRISM, the NSA call database, and Boundless Informant.2010s_cell_19_5_2
Office of Personnel Management data breach2010s_cell_19_6_0 5 June 20152010s_cell_19_6_1 The Office of Personnel Management of the U.S. government announced that it was hacked, resulting in a massive data breach, stealing information of around 21.5 million people. The attack was suspected to have originated from China but it remains unclear if it was or not.2010s_cell_19_6_2
2016 Bangladesh Bank heist2010s_cell_19_7_0 4 February 20162010s_cell_19_7_1 The Bangladesh Bank became a victim of theft after hackers attempted to steal US$951 Million from its account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The hackers failed to steal the attempted amount but still got away with $81 million, which was diverted to the Philippines, making it one of the largest bank heists in history.2010s_cell_19_7_2
Panama Papers2010s_cell_19_8_0 3 April 20162010s_cell_19_8_1 11.5 million confidential documents were leaked from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca that detailed financial and attorney–client information of more than 214,488 offshore companies. The leaks revealed information of various prominent figures being involved in hidden financial dealings within tax havens and companies doing business with terrorist organizations and governments under international sanctions.2010s_cell_19_8_2
Yahoo! data breach2010s_cell_19_9_0 22 September 20162010s_cell_19_9_1 Yahoo Inc. reported that account information for up to 500 million users in 2014 had been hacked, compromising personal data from the accounts, including names, addresses, passwords, telephone numbers and possibly encrypting other information.2010s_cell_19_9_2
October 2016 Dyn cyberattack2010s_cell_19_10_0 21 October 20162010s_cell_19_10_1 A currently unknown attacker launches multiple distributed denial-of-service (DDos) attacks on networks operated by DNS provider Dyn, making numerous sites difficult or impossible to access for a period of time, including Twitter, Reddit, Netflix, Spotify, The New York Times, BBC News, and PayPal. The Department of Homeland Security opens an investigation.2010s_cell_19_10_2
WannaCry ransomware attack2010s_cell_19_11_0 12 May 20172010s_cell_19_11_1 A large cyberattack infected more than 230,000 computers in 150 countries, demanding ransom payments in the cryptocurrency bitcoin in 28 languages. The attack spread by multiple methods, including phishing emails and on unpatched systems as a computer worm. The attack was described by Europol as unprecedented in scale, affecting large companies such as Telefónica and parts of Britain's National Health Service.2010s_cell_19_11_2
Paradise Papers2010s_cell_19_12_0 5 November 20172010s_cell_19_12_1 A set of 13.4 million confidential electronic documents relating to offshore investments. The documents originate from the offshore law firm Appleby, the corporate services providers Estera and Asiaciti Trust, and business registries in 19 tax jurisdictions. At 1.4 terabytes in size, this is second only to the Panama Papers, it is the second biggest data leak in history.2010s_cell_19_12_2

Health and society 2010s_section_39

Main article: 2010s in health and society 2010s_sentence_150

AIDS, a pandemic responsible for killing over 30 million people since its discovery in the early 1980s, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, became a treatable condition, though by the end of the decade only two cases had been cured. 2010s_sentence_151

With good treatment patients can generally expect normal lives and lifespans. 2010s_sentence_152

However, as of 2011 only some 5 million of the 12 million afflicted had access to such treatment. 2010s_sentence_153

During the 2010s, social changes included increases in life expectancy and falls in birth rate leading to larger proportions of population's being elderly. 2010s_sentence_154

Putting pressure on pension and other social security programs in developed nations. 2010s_sentence_155

The environment became a topic of greater public concern around the world. 2010s_sentence_156

Many parts of the world moved towards greater acceptance of LGBT people often including the legalisation of same-sex marriage. 2010s_sentence_157

Whilst the internet took an ever greater role in entertainment, communication, politics and commerce, especially for younger people and those living in wealthier countries. 2010s_sentence_158

In 2011, the world population reached seven billion people. 2010s_sentence_159

Culture 2010s_section_40

Main article: 2010s in culture 2010s_sentence_160

Part 1: Superhero films became box office leaders, especially with the Marvel Cinematic Universe whose Avengers: Endgame became the highest-grossing film of all time, grossing over $2.7 billion worldwide, followed by Avengers: Infinity War, The Avengers and Black Panther while The Lion King (2019 film) became the highest-grossing animated film of all time. 2010s_sentence_161

Brave became the first film to use the Dolby Atmos sound format. 2010s_sentence_162

Motion Capture grew in terms of it's realism and reach, and was seen in movies like Steven Spielberg's Ready Player One (film). 2010s_sentence_163

Cable providers saw a decline in subscriber numbers as cord cutters switched to lower cost online streaming services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime and Hulu. 2010s_sentence_164

On cable television as well as streaming services, a variety of shows gained popularity. 2010s_sentence_165

Cartoons such as Rick and Morty, Adventure Time, Gravity Falls, Regular Show, and The Amazing World Of Gumball gained a cult following during the decade. 2010s_sentence_166

Live Action television saw the rise of shows like The Big Bang Theory, a sitcom that resembled sitcoms of decades prior but had a strong focus on showcasing 2010s culture and technology (Though it wasn't instantly a success, The Big Bang Theory gained popularity throughout its early seasons spending most of the eight years prior to it's finale in 2019 as the top sitcom on American television, eventually reaching the top spot in all television viewership during it's 2017-2018 season). 2010s_sentence_167

The video steaming website YouTube became immensely popular especially among younger people, as videos and channels like Nyan Cat, Fred Figglehorn (FRED), The Annoying Orange, SMOSH, PewDiePie and others attracted millions of views. 2010s_sentence_168

Animated content and reaction videos also became popular on YouTube throughout the decade. 2010s_sentence_169

Globalism and an increased demand for variety and personalization in the face of music streaming services such as Spotify and Apple Music created many subgenres. 2010s_sentence_170

Dance, hip-hop, and pop music surged in the 2010s, with EDM achieving mass commercial success in the middle of the decade but falling somewhat into decline by the end. 2010s_sentence_171

US digital music sales topped CD sales in 2012. 2010s_sentence_172

The video game industry continued to be dominated by Nintendo, Sony, and Microsoft; Minecraft possibly became the best-selling game of all time in 2019. 2010s_sentence_173

Video Games expanded their status across the world, as the Wii influenced gaming in much of the earlier part of the decade, and the Nintendo 3DS provided true 3D. 2010s_sentence_174

The successful Nintendo Wii was followed by the Wii U in 2012, a failure. 2010s_sentence_175

The PlayStation 4 and Xbox One released in 2013, and in the United States the PlayStation 4 became the highest selling console of the decade. 2010s_sentence_176

Super Mario Galaxy 2 for the Nintendo Wii was one of the most critically acclaimed games of the decade winning multiple awards, including a perfect rating of 10/10 by IGN. 2010s_sentence_177

Gaming on iPods, tablets, and cell phones was also an option in the form of apps like Fruit Ninja, Subway Surfers, Angry Birds, Cut The Rope, Doodle Jump, Candy Crush and Augmented Reality games like Pokémon Go. 2010s_sentence_178

This was one of the most popular forms of gaming as the decade progressed with the rise of mobile games expanding the industry's appeal among less traditional markets such as women and older adults. 2010s_sentence_179

Fashion of the 2010s became more formal, and the fashion of the decade was often defined by gimmicky accessories, like Silly Bandz, the Fidget Spinner, and people's handheld devices, cell phones, as well as gaming devices like the Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3DS, the PlayStation Vita, and in the later part of the decade, the Nintendo Switch. 2010s_sentence_180

In the toy market, "Toys To Life" products became very popular, like Nintendo's amiibo, Activision's Skylanders, and Disney's Disney Infinity, all of which were action figures with NFC chips that synced up to video games to unlock certain things in their respective game or to be of use in game. 2010s_sentence_181

Funko Pops also became popular among collectors and entertainment fanatics. 2010s_sentence_182

The best-selling book of the decade was Fifty Shades of Grey, having sold 15.2 million copies worldwide, and one of the best selling book franchises of the decade was the Diary Of A Wimpy Kid series becoming a hit among kids and spawning several movies. 2010s_sentence_183

Part 2: On YouTube many video games gained widespread popularity from being played on the site by popular YouTubers and Let's Players. 2010s_sentence_184

Two prominent games in the Let's Play community around 2014-2016 and even after were Life Is Strange and Octodad: Dadliest Catch, both of which became popular due to their YouTube presence. 2010s_sentence_185

The 2010s was well known for many things from television to music to film, but internet memes began to spread like wildfire through out the decade like never before. 2010s_sentence_186

Internet meme culture formed some of the identity of the 2010s. 2010s_sentence_187

Popular memes of the decade included Nyan Cat, Pepe the Frog. 2010s_sentence_188

Trollface, Killing of Harambe, Ugandan Knuckles, Luigi's Death Stare, the word "Bazinga!" 2010s_sentence_189

from The Big Bang Theory, Major League Gaming memes, Dat Boi, We Are Number One, and the memeification of Shrek and All Star (song), The Bee Movie, and songs like Despacito, Rebecca Black's Friday, as well as people like Donald Trump, Phil McGraw (his show) and others. 2010s_sentence_190

Video Games like Fortnite were also mocked and joked about online. 2010s_sentence_191

The music of the decade was defined by Vaporwave (a new musical genre of the decade), pop, rock and roll, rap and others. 2010s_sentence_192

Popular songs of the decade (that won awards or blew up online) included Somebody That I Used To Know, Pumped Up Kicks, Uptown Funk, Gangnam Style, The Fox (What Does The Fox Say? 2010s_sentence_193

), the album of Floral Shoppe, Tonight Tonight by Hot Chelle Rae, 24K Magic (song), Old Town Road, Party Rock Anthem, Fuck You (CeeLo Green), Adventure of a Lifetime, All Night (Big Boi song), the remixing of music online such as Wii channel music, pianos, and medleys. 2010s_sentence_194

The song Let's Go to the Mall from the show How I Met Your Mother appeared in the 2011 game Just Dance 3 (Check out 2010s culture page music section). 2010s_sentence_195

Cinema of the 2010s saw the release of popular films like Her (film), Ready Player One (film), The Perks Of Being A Wallflower, Boyhood (film), The Edge Of Seventeen, all of which were engraved in pop culture. 2010s_sentence_196

Boyhood was notable for being filmed over a twelve year time span. 2010s_sentence_197

Movies like Her and Ready Player One showed futuristic looks at existing early in life technology, being Artificial Intelligence with Her and Virtual Reality with Ready Player One. 2010s_sentence_198

Popular memory 2010s_section_41

As the 2010s drew to a close the decade was generally looked back on as a politically unstable period. 2010s_sentence_199

A article in the New York times stated 'With the rise of nationalist movements and a backlash against globalization on both sides of the Atlantic, the liberal post-World War II order — based on economic integration and international institutions — began to unravel'. 2010s_sentence_200

It heavily discussed the US presidency of Donald Trump (a Reality TV Star and businessman with no political experience at the time of taking office, succeeding Barack Obama) whilst also commenting 'Echoes of Mr. Trump’s nativist populism can be found in Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain’s recent electoral victory and the Brexit referendum of 2016, and in the ascent of the far-right President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil and Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India. 2010s_sentence_201

Democracy is under threat in Hungary and Poland. 2010s_sentence_202

Once fringe right-wing parties with openly racist agendas are rebranding themselves in Sweden and Belgium. 2010s_sentence_203

And far-right groups in Germany and Spain are now the third-largest parties in those nations’ parliaments.' 2010s_sentence_204

A December 2019 piece in the guardian argued that the 2010s would be remembered 'as a time of crises', elaborating 'there have been crises of democracy and the economy; of the climate and poverty; of international relations and national identity; of privacy and technology' the article also noted that in Britain 'politics since 2010 has often been manic. 2010s_sentence_205

Parties have hastily changed their leaders and policies; sometimes their entire guiding philosophies. 2010s_sentence_206

Last week’s general election was the fourth of the decade; the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s had two apiece.' 2010s_sentence_207

Similar trends of political unrest were felt beyond the Western world, as suggested in The Asian Review which described the 2010s as a "tumultuous time for Asia, sometimes tragic, sometimes triumphant and never dull." 2010s_sentence_208

See also 2010s_section_42


Timeline 2010s_section_43

The following articles contain brief timelines which list the most prominent events of the decade: 2010s_sentence_209

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010s.