2013 Australian federal election

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The 2013 Australian federal election to elect the members of the 44th Parliament of Australia took place on 7 September 2013. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_0

The centre-right Liberal/National Coalition opposition led by Opposition leader Tony Abbott of the Liberal Party of Australia and Coalition partner the National Party of Australia, led by Warren Truss, defeated the incumbent centre-left Labor Party government of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd by an 18-seat 3.6 percentage point two-party swing resulting in a landslide win for the Coalition. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_1

Labor had been in government for 6 years since first being elected in the 2007 election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_2

This election marked the end of the 6-year Rudd-Gillard-Rudd Labor government and the start of the current (as of 2020) Abbott-Turnbull-Morrison Liberal-National Coalition government. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_3

Abbott was sworn in by the Governor-General, Quentin Bryce, as Australia's new Prime Minister on 18 September 2013, along with the Abbott Ministry and the members of the House of Representatives. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_4

The 44th Parliament of Australia opened on 12 November 2013, which is taken to be the commencement of the term of members of the House of Representatives. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_5

The new senators were sworn in by the next Governor-General Peter Cosgrove on 7 July 2014, with their six-year terms commencing on 1 July. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_6

The proclamation dissolving the House of Representatives and formally beginning the election period had been issued by Governor-General Bryce on 5 August 2013. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_7

The writs of election were subsequently issued by Bryce for the election of members of the House of Representatives and the state governors for the senators for each state. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_8

Voting in Australia's federal elections has been compulsory since 1925. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_9

For the House of Representatives, a preferential ballot system has been in use since 1919, in single-member seats. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_10

For the Senate—the proportionally representative upper house—a single transferable vote system has been in use since 1949, with optional group voting tickets since 1984. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_11

Elections are conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC). 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_12

A special half-Senate election was conducted on 5 April 2014 in Western Australia as a result of 1,375 lost ballot papers. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_13

Results 2013 Australian federal election_section_0

House of Representatives 2013 Australian federal election_section_1

Main article: Results of the Australian federal election, 2013 (House of Representatives) 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_14

See also: Pre-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2013 and Post-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2013 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_15

Independents: Andrew Wilkie, Cathy McGowan 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_16

Senate 2013 Australian federal election_section_2

Main article: Results of the 2013 Australian federal election (Senate) 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_17

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_0

Senate (STV GV) – Turnout 93.88% (CV) – Informal 2.96%2013 Australian federal election_table_caption_0
Party2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_0 Votes2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_2 %2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_3 Swing2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_4 Seats won2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_5 Continuing senators2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_6 Total seats2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_7 Change2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_0_0_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_0 Liberal/National Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_1 5,057,2182013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_2 37.702013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_3 –0.592013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_4 172013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_5 162013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_6 332013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_7 –12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_1_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_0 Australian Labor Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_1 4,038,5912013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_2 30.112013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_3 –5.022013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_4 122013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_5 132013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_6 252013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_7 –62013 Australian federal election_cell_0_2_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_0 Australian Greens2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_1 1,159,5882013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_2 8.652013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_3 –4.462013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_4 42013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_5 62013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_6 102013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_3_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_0 Palmer United Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_1 658,9762013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_2 4.912013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_3 +4.912013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_4 22013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_6 22013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_7 +22013 Australian federal election_cell_0_4_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_0 Liberal Democratic Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_1 523,8312013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_2 3.912013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_3 +2.102013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_5_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_0 Xenophon Group2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_1 258,3762013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_2 1.932013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_3 +1.932013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_6_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_0 Family First Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_1 149,3062013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_2 1.112013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_3 –0.992013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_7_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_0 Democratic Labour Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_1 112,5492013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_2 0.842013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_3 –0.222013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_4 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_5 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_8_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_0 Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_1 67,5602013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_2 0.502013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_3 +0.502013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_9_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_0 Australian Sports Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_1 2,9772013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_2 0.022013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_3 +0.022013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_0_10_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_0 Other2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_1 1,384,0272013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_2 10.322013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_3 +0.452013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_4 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_6 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_0_11_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_0 Total2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_1 13,413,0192013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_6 762013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_7 2013 Australian federal election_cell_0_12_8

The Senate has 76 seats. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_18

Forty seats were up for election; six in each of the six states, two for the ACT and two for the Northern Territory. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_19

The terms of the four senators from the territories commenced on election day. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_20

The terms of the six longest-serving state senators ended on 30 June 2014; the terms of the new state senators commenced on 1 July 2014, and were originally supposed to end on 30 June 2020—however, the entire Senate was dissolved at the double-dissolution 2016 election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_21

The Senate saw the Coalition government on 33 seats with the Labor opposition on 25 seats, the Greens on 10 seats and a crossbench of eight—Palmer United on three seats, with other minor parties and independents on five seats (the LDP's David Leyonhjelm, Family First's Bob Day, Motoring's Ricky Muir and incumbents Nick Xenophon and the DLP's John Madigan). 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_22

Muir announced he would vote in line with Palmer United. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_23

The initial election saw Wayne Dropulich of the Australian Sports Party win a seat in Western Australia, but the subsequent voiding of the result and ensuing special election saw the Palmer United Party gain a third seat. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_24

The Coalition government required the support of at least six non-coalition Senators to pass legislation. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_25

A record number of candidates stood at the election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_26

Group voting tickets came under scrutiny because multiple candidates were provisionally elected with the vast majority of their 14.3 per cent quotas coming from the preferences of other parties across the political spectrum. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_27

"Preference whisperer" Glenn Druery organised tight cross-preferencing between over 30 minor parties as part of his Minor Party Alliance. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_28

Sports' Wayne Dropulich won a Senate seat on a record-low primary vote of 0.2 per cent in Western Australia, his party placing 21st out of 28 groups on primary votes. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_29

Motoring's Ricky Muir won a senate seat on a record-low primary vote of 0.5 per cent in Victoria. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_30

Family First's Bob Day won a seat on a primary vote of 3.8 per cent in South Australia. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_31

All three were involved with the Minor Party Alliance. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_32

Previous examples of winning with low vote shares include Family First's Steve Fielding in 2004 on 1.9 per cent in Victoria, the Nuclear Disarmament Party's Robert Wood in 1987 on 1.5 per cent in New South Wales, and the DLP's John Madigan won his seat in 2010 on a primary vote of 2.3 per cent in Victoria. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_33

Xenophon and larger parties including the incoming government announced they would look at changes to the GVT system. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_34

Western Australia special Senate election 2013 Australian federal election_section_3

Main article: Australian Senate special election in Western Australia, 2014 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_35

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_1

Revised national totals following WA special election – Turnout 93.45% (CV) – Informal 2.93%2013 Australian federal election_table_caption_1
Party2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_0 Votes2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_2 %2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_3 Swing2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_4 Seats won2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_5 Continuing senators2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_6 Total seats2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_7 Change2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_1_0_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_0 Liberal/National Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_1 4,951,1962013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_2 37.002013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_3 –1.292013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_4 172013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_5 162013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_6 332013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_7 –12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_1_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_0 Australian Labor Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_1 3,965,2842013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_2 29.632013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_3 –5.502013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_4 122013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_5 132013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_6 252013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_7 –62013 Australian federal election_cell_1_2_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_0 Australian Greens2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_1 1,234,5922013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_2 9.232013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_3 –3.882013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_4 42013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_5 62013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_6 102013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_3_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_0 Palmer United Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_1 751,1212013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_2 5.612013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_3 +5.612013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_4 32013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_6 32013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_7 +32013 Australian federal election_cell_1_4_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_0 Liberal Democratic Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_1 502,1802013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_2 3.752013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_3 +1.942013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_5_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_0 Xenophon Group2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_1 258,3762013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_2 1.932013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_3 +1.932013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_6_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_0 Family First Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_1 149,9942013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_2 1.122013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_3 –0.982013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_7_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_0 Democratic Labour Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_1 115,2762013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_2 0.862013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_3 –0.202013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_4 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_5 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_8_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_0 Australian Motoring Enthusiast Party2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_1 66,8072013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_2 0.502013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_3 +0.502013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_6 12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_7 +12013 Australian federal election_cell_1_9_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_0 Other2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_1 1,385,7192013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_2 10.362013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_3 +0.492013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_4 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_6 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_7 02013 Australian federal election_cell_1_10_8
2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_0 Total2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_1 13,380,5452013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_6 762013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_7 2013 Australian federal election_cell_1_11_8

Most Senate votes cast in Western Australia were subject to a formal recount. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_36

During the recount it was determined that 1,375 WA Senate ballot papers could not be located. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_37

After the final recount the result was duly declared which changed the last two predicted WA Senate spots from Palmer and Labor back to Sports and Green. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_38

Mick Keelty, a former AFP Commissioner, was requested by the AEC to investigate the issue of the misplaced ballot papers. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_39

On 15 November, the AEC petitioned the High Court, acting as the Court of Disputed Returns, to seek an order from the court that the WA Senate election of all six senators (3 Liberal, 1 Labor, 1 Green, 1 Sport) be declared void. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_40

On 18 February 2014, it was announced that the Court of Disputed Returns had found that the result of the Western Australia Senate election should be voided, meaning a fresh election for all six senate vacancies would be required. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_41

On 28 February 2014 it was announced that the half-Senate election in Western Australia would take place on 5 April, which returned 3 Liberal, 1 Labor, 1 Green, 1 Palmer. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_42

Divisions changing hands 2013 Australian federal election_section_4

Members in italics did not re-contest their House of Representatives seats at this election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_43

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_2

Seat2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_0_0 Pre-20132013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_0_1 Swing2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_0_5 Post-20132013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_0_6
Party2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_0 Member2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_2 Margin2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_3 Margin2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_4 Member2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_5 Party2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_2_1_6
Banks, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_2 Daryl Melham2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_3 1.452013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_4 −3.282013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_5 1.832013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_6 David Coleman2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_2_9
Barton, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_2 Robert McClelland2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_3 6.862013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_4 −7.172013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_5 0.312013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_6 Nickolas Varvaris2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_3_9
Bass, TAS2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_2 Geoff Lyons2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_3 6.742013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_4 −10.782013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_5 4.042013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_6 Andrew Nikolic2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_4_9
Braddon, TAS2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_2 Sid Sidebottom2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_3 7.482013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_4 −10.042013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_5 2.562013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_6 Brett Whiteley2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_5_9
Capricornia, QLD2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_2 Kirsten Livermore2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_3 3.682013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_4 −4.452013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_5 0.772013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_6 Michelle Landry2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_7 Liberal National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_6_9
Corangamite, VIC2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_2 Darren Cheeseman2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_3 0.282013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_4 −4.222013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_5 3.942013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_6 Sarah Henderson2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_7_9
Deakin, VIC2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_2 Mike Symon2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_3 0.602013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_4 −3.782013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_5 3.182013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_6 Michael Sukkar2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_8_9
Dobell, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_1 Independent2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_2 Craig Thomson2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_3 5.072013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_5 0.682013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_6 Karen McNamara2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_9_9
Eden-Monaro, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_2 Mike Kelly2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_3 4.242013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_4 −4.852013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_5 0.612013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_6 Peter Hendy2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_10_9
Fairfax, QLD2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_1 Liberal National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_2 Alex Somlyay2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_3 6.952013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_5 0.032013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_6 Clive Palmer2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_7 Palmer United2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_11_9
Fisher, QLD2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_1 Independent2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_2 Peter Slipper2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_3 4.132013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_5 9.752013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_6 Mal Brough2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_7 Liberal National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_12_9
Hindmarsh, SA2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_2 Steve Georganas2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_3 6.082013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_4 −7.972013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_5 1.892013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_6 Matt Williams2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_13_9
Indi, VIC2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_1 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_2 Sophie Mirabella2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_3 9.942013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_5 0.252013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_6 Cathy McGowan2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_7 Independent2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_14_9
La Trobe, VIC2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_2 Laura Smyth2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_3 1.662013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_4 −5.672013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_5 4.012013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_6 Jason Wood2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_15_9
Lindsay, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_2 David Bradbury2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_3 1.122013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_4 −4.112013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_5 2.992013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_6 Fiona Scott2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_16_9
Lyne, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_1 Independent2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_2 Rob Oakeshott2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_3 12.732013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_5 14.772013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_6 David Gillespie2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_7 National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_17_9
Lyons, TAS2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_2 Dick Adams2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_3 12.292013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_4 −13.512013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_5 1.222013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_6 Eric Hutchinson2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_18_9
New England, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_1 Independent2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_2 Tony Windsor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_3 21.522013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_5 14.462013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_6 Barnaby Joyce2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_7 National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_19_9
O'Connor, WA2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_1 National WA2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_2 Tony Crook2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_3 3.562013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_4 −4.512013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_5 0.952013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_6 Rick Wilson2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_20_9
Page, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_2 Janelle Saffin2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_3 4.192013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_4 −6.712013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_5 2.522013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_6 Kevin Hogan2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_7 National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_21_9
Petrie, QLD2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_2 Yvette D'Ath2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_3 2.512013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_4 −3.042013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_5 0.532013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_6 Luke Howarth2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_7 Liberal National2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_22_9
Reid, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_2 John Murphy2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_3 2.682013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_4 −3.532013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_5 0.852013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_6 Craig Laundy2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_23_9
Robertson, NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_2 Deborah O'Neill2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_3 1.002013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_4 −4.002013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_5 3.002013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_6 Lucy Wicks2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_7 Liberal2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_8 2013 Australian federal election_cell_2_24_9

Key dates 2013 Australian federal election_section_5

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_0

  • Governor-General accepted Kevin Rudd's advice to dissolve Parliament and hold a general election – 4 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_0
  • Prorogation of 43rd Parliament – 5:29 pm Monday 5 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_1
  • Dissolution of House of Representatives – 5:30 pm Monday 5 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_2
  • Issue of writs – Monday 5 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_3
  • Close of rolls – 8 pm Monday 12 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_4
  • Close of candidate nominations – 12 noon Thursday 15 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_5
  • Declaration of candidate nominations – 12 noon Friday 16 August 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_6
  • Election day or Polling day – Saturday 7 September 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_7
  • Swearing-in of 44th Parliament – Wednesday 18 September 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_8
  • Last day for the return of writs – Monday 13 November 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_9
  • Deadline for first meeting of the 44th Parliament – Wednesday 13 December 20132013 Australian federal election_item_0_10

On 30 January 2013, the then Prime Minister Julia Gillard had announced the election would be held on 14 September. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_44

However, following a leadership ballot in June 2013, she was replaced as leader and Prime Minister by Rudd, who then abandoned the originally planned date. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_45

A referendum on amending the constitution to allow the federal government to directly fund local councils, which was initially planned to be held on the same day as the federal election, could not go ahead on the date announced by Rudd. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_46

This is because Section 128 of the Constitution of Australia requires that a referendum be submitted to electors between two and six months after its passage through Parliament. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_47

As early voting started on 20 August it could not be submitted then. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_48

43rd Parliament 2013 Australian federal election_section_6

House of Representatives 2013 Australian federal election_section_7

See also: Results of the Australian federal election, 2010 (House of Representatives) 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_49

At the 2010 federal election, Labor and the Liberal/National Coalition each won 72 seats in the 150-seat House of Representatives, four short of the requirement for majority government, resulting in the first hung parliament since the 1940 federal election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_50

On the crossbench, one member of the Australian Greens, one member of the National Party of Western Australia and four independent members held the balance of power. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_51

After gaining the support of the Greens and three independents on confidence and supply votes, Labor was able to form a minority government with 76 seats, the smallest possible margin in the 150-seat House. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_52

Changes in House numbers 2013 Australian federal election_section_8

On 24 November 2011, Harry Jenkins resigned as Speaker of the House of Representatives and returned to the Labor backbench. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_53

Later, that day, Deputy Speaker Peter Slipper was elected Speaker and quit the Liberal National Party to become an independent. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_54

This changed nominal confidence and supply numbers on the floor of the house from 75–74 to 76–73. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_55

In January 2012, Andrew Wilkie withdrew his guarantee of confidence to the incumbent government, changing numbers to 75–73 in the event of his abstention, or 75–74 in the event of his support for a vote of no confidence in the government. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_56

In April 2012, Labor's Craig Thomson moved to the crossbenches as an independent MP, and in May, WA National Tony Crook moved from the crossbenches to the Nationals, but did not join the Coalition. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_57

Changes brought the government to 71 seats, the Coalition 72 seats and seven crossbenchers. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_58

On 9 October 2012, after an unsuccessful vote of no confidence in the speakership, Slipper resigned as Speaker and was replaced by Labor Deputy Speaker Anna Burke. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_59

Slipper remained an independent MP. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_60

Pendulum 2013 Australian federal election_section_9

See also: Post-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2010; Pre-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2013; and Post-election pendulum for the Australian federal election, 2013 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_61

Senate 2013 Australian federal election_section_10

See also: Results for the Australian federal election, 2013 (Senate) 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_62

Before the election, the 76-seat Senate was made up of senators from the Coalition (34), Australian Labor Party (31), Australian Greens (9), Democratic Labour Party (1) and one independent senator, Nick Xenophon. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_63

The Greens held the sole balance of power. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_64

Previously the Greens had held a shared balance of power with the Family First Party and Xenophon. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_65

Of the 76 Senate seats, 40 are contested. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_66

This corresponds to half of each state's allocation as well as both senators from the two major territories. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_67

Newly elected state senators commenced their terms on 1 July 2014 and the senators of the territories began their terms immediately after their elections. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_68

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_3

State/Territory2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_0 Seats2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_1 ALP2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_2 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_3 Greens2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_4 Other2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_3_0_5
NSW2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_1 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_2 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_1_5
VIC2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_1 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_2 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_2_5
QLD2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_1 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_2 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_3_5
WA2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_1 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_2 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_3 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_4_5
SA2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_1 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_2 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_3 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_4 1 (Ind., Xenophon)2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_5_5
TAS2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_0 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_1 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_2 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_3 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_6_5
ACT2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_0 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_1 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_2 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_7_5
NT2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_0 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_1 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_2 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_8_5
To be contested2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_0 402013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_1 182013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_2 182013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_3 32013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_4 12013 Australian federal election_cell_3_9_5
Elected in 20102013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_0 362013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_1 132013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_2 162013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_3 62013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_4 1 (DLP)2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_10_5
Total2013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_0 762013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_1 312013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_2 342013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_3 92013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_4 22013 Australian federal election_cell_3_11_5

Election period 2013 Australian federal election_section_11

On 30 January 2013, at a speech at the National Press Club, Prime Minister Julia Gillard announced the election would be held on Saturday 14 September 2013, although the Governor-General was not formally advised and no writ of election was issued. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_69

Kevin Rudd succeeded Julia Gillard as Prime Minister on 27 June 2013. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_70

The Broadcasting Services Act 1992 was checked by various commercial broadcasting media outlets and media councils as a result of Gillard's announcement. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_71

The Act says, in part, 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_72

and 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_73

This is interpreted as "equal time, over time" rather than equal time in the same broadcast, and that this requirement began with the announcement on 30 January 2013. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_74

Retiring MPs and senators 2013 Australian federal election_section_12

The terms of Members of the House of Representatives who did not renominate ended at the dissolution of the parliament (5 August 2013). 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_75

The terms of Senators who did not renominate ended on 30 June 2014, unless they represented the Australian Capital Territory or the Northern Territory, in which case their term ended on the day before polling day (6 September 2013). 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_76

That date also applies to territory senators who contest the election but are defeated. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_77

Members and senators who chose not to renominate are as follows: 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_78

Independent 2013 Australian federal election_section_13

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_1

  • Rob Oakeshott MP (Lyne, NSW) – announced retirement 26 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_1_11
  • Tony Windsor MP (New England, NSW) – announced retirement 26 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_1_12

Labor 2013 Australian federal election_section_14

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_2

  • Greg Combet MP (Charlton, NSW) – announced retirement 29 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_13
  • Simon Crean MP (Hotham, VIC) – announced retirement 1 July 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_14
  • Craig Emerson MP (Rankin, Qld) – announced retirement 26 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_15
  • Martin Ferguson MP (Batman, Vic) – announced retirement 29 May 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_16
  • Peter Garrett MP (Kingsford Smith, NSW) – announced retirement 26 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_17
  • Steve Gibbons MP (Bendigo, Vic) – announced retirement 29 August 20112013 Australian federal election_item_2_18
  • Julia Gillard MP (Lalor, Vic) – announced retirement 26 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_19
  • Sharon Grierson MP (Newcastle, NSW) – announced retirement 18 July 20122013 Australian federal election_item_2_20
  • Harry Jenkins MP (Scullin, Vic) – announced retirement 26 July 20122013 Australian federal election_item_2_21
  • Kirsten Livermore MP (Capricornia, Qld) – announced retirement 27 November 20122013 Australian federal election_item_2_22
  • Robert McClelland MP (Barton, NSW) – announced retirement 29 January 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_23
  • Nicola Roxon MP (Gellibrand, VIC) – announced retirement 2 February 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_24
  • Stephen Smith MP (Perth, WA) – announced retirement 27 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_25
  • Senator Mark Bishop (WA) – announced retirement 15 April 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_26
  • Senator Trish Crossin (NT) – lost preselection 28 January 20132013 Australian federal election_item_2_27
  • Senator John Hogg (Qld) – announced retirement 10 August 20122013 Australian federal election_item_2_28

Liberal 2013 Australian federal election_section_15

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_3

  • Joanna Gash MP (Gilmore, NSW) – announced retirement 25 January 20122013 Australian federal election_item_3_29
  • Barry Haase MP (Durack, WA) – announced retirement 15 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_3_30
  • Judi Moylan MP (Pearce, WA) – announced retirement 28 July 20112013 Australian federal election_item_3_31
  • Alby Schultz MP (Hume, NSW) – announced retirement 17 April 20122013 Australian federal election_item_3_32
  • Patrick Secker MP (Barker, SA) – announced retirement on 25 June 20132013 Australian federal election_item_3_33
  • Mal Washer MP (Moore, WA) – announced retirement 28 July 20112013 Australian federal election_item_3_34
  • Senator Alan Eggleston (WA) – announced retirement 9 April 20122013 Australian federal election_item_3_35
  • Senator Gary Humphries (ACT) – lost preselection 23 February 20132013 Australian federal election_item_3_36

LNP 2013 Australian federal election_section_16

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_4

  • Paul Neville MP (Hinkler, Qld) − announced retirement 10 October 20122013 Australian federal election_item_4_37
  • Alex Somlyay MP (Fairfax, Qld) – announced retirement 25 September 20102013 Australian federal election_item_4_38
  • Senator Ron Boswell (Qld) – announced retirement 21 September 20122013 Australian federal election_item_4_39
  • Senator Sue Boyce (Qld) – announced retirement 8 October 20122013 Australian federal election_item_4_40

National 2013 Australian federal election_section_17

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_5

  • John Forrest MP (Mallee, Vic) – announced retirement 6 March 20132013 Australian federal election_item_5_41

WA Nationals 2013 Australian federal election_section_18

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_6

  • Tony Crook MP (O'Connor) – announced retirement 9 April 20132013 Australian federal election_item_6_42

Electoral events timeline 2013 Australian federal election_section_19

2013 Australian federal election_unordered_list_7

  • 30 January – Prime Minister Julia Gillard announces planned election date of 14 September 2013.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_43
  • 2 February – Attorney-General Nicola Roxon announces she will be retiring at the election. Higher Education Minister Senator Chris Evans, whose term was not due to finish until 2017, announces he will be resigning in the near future.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_44
  • 19 February – Greens leader Christine Milne announces that the alliance agreement with the ALP is over, but her party will not vote against confidence or supply.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_45
  • 26 February – Gillard announces she will "campaign" in western Sydney for the following week, from Sunday night until Friday.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_46
  • 19 March – Richard Torbay is forced to resign from the Nationals, forfeiting his candidature for the Division of New England. Barnaby Joyce puts his name forward as a possible replacement candidate, hoping to move from the Senate to the House of Representatives.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_47
  • 21 March – Former Labor leader, Minister Simon Crean asks Gillard for a party leadership vote, and publicly declares his support for Kevin Rudd. In parliament, the Opposition attempts to suspend standing orders for a no confidence vote and although gaining 73 votes to the government's 71 votes, fails to gain the absolute majority of 76 votes required. Crean is sacked from the ministry. At the leadership ballot no alternative candidate nominates, and Gillard is re-elected as ALP leader unopposed. Rudd supporters Joel Fitzgibbon, Ed Husic, Janelle Saffin and Richard Marles quit their positions in the executive government.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_48
  • 22 March – Rudd issues a statement that he will never again return to the ALP leadership. Kim Carr, Martin Ferguson and Chris Bowen quit their ministries.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_49
  • 23 March – Key independent MP Andrew Wilkie warns that ongoing instability within the ALP means the government will have difficulty surviving a vote of confidence when parliament resumes in May.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_50
  • 2 May – The opposition indicates it will support the Government's National Disability Insurance Scheme policy, including an increase in the Medicare levy from 1.5% to 2%.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_51
  • 26 June – Independents Rob Oakeshott and Tony Windsor both announce they won't recontest their seats at the election. Kevin Rudd defeats Julia Gillard in another Labor leadership spill by a 57–45 margin. After the spill, Gillard along with ministers Craig Emerson and Peter Garrett announce their retirement at the coming election.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_52
  • 27 June – Rudd is sworn in as Prime Minister by Governor-General Quentin Bryce, with Anthony Albanese and Chris Bowen sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister and Treasurer respectively. Defence Minister Stephen Smith MP announces his retirement at the coming election.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_53
  • 29 June – Greg Combet MP announces his retirement at the coming election.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_54
  • 1 July – The Second Rudd Ministry is sworn in. Simon Crean MP announces his retirement at the coming election.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_55
  • 1 July – Wikileaks party receives formal registration as a political party.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_56
  • 22 July – The ALP caucus approves changes to the way the federal parliamentary leader is chosen. The new rules make it more difficult to change leaders and require a ballot of the party membership on contested leadership spills.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_57
  • 4 August – Kevin Rudd announces the election date as 7 September 2013.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_58
  • 5 August – Quentin Bryce, the Governor-General, issues the election writ.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_59
  • 11 August – The first of three televised leaders debates between Rudd and Abbott is held in Canberra.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_60
  • 21 August – The second televised leaders debate between Rudd and Abbott is held in Brisbane.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_61
  • 25 August – The Coalition's formal campaign launch is held in Brisbane.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_62
  • 27 August – Treasurer Chris Bowen and shadow treasurer Joe Hockey debate at the National Press Club. Later that evening, the third and final televised leaders debate between Rudd and Abbott is held at the Rooty Hill RSL in Sydney.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_63
  • 28 August – The Coalition releases a document outlining $31.6 billion of proposed budget savings.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_64
  • 29 August – The Rudd Government releases several costings estimates which it claims show a $10 billion shortfall in the Coalition's claimed savings released the previous day. In a strongly-worded statement, the secretaries of the Department of Treasury and Department of Finance criticise the use of these confidential costings prepared for the government, re-iterating that the assumptions used differ from the costings prepared for the Coalition.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_65
  • 1 September – Labor's formal campaign launch is held in Brisbane.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_66
  • 5 September – The Coalition releases its remaining policy costings, claiming a further $9 billion worth of savings, including a $4.5 billion reduction in Australia's foreign aid budget. Later in the day, the Coalition releases a policy document announcing the implementation of an opt-out Internet filter. That evening, Shadow Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull states that the document was "poorly worded" and released by mistake, and that the Coalition had no such policy.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_67
  • 7 September (Election Day) – The Liberal-National coalition defeats the Australian Labor Party with the Coalition expected to win about 90 seats in the House of Representatives. Kevin Rudd conceded defeat and announced that he would not renominate for the ALP's leadership.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_68
  • 18 September – The Abbott Ministry is sworn in by Governor-General Quentin Bryce.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_69
  • 17 October – A recount of all "above-the-line" Senate votes made in Western Australia is initiated after an appeal by the WA Greens and the Australian Sports Party is upheld.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_70
  • 31 October – The AEC announces that it is unable to find 1,375 ballot papers during the WA Senate recount.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_71
  • 31 October – The AEC declares Clive Palmer the winner of the seat of Fairfax, after two recounts, by a margin of 53 votes. Palmer claims the result vindicates his decision to challenge more than half the ballot papers cast.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_72
  • 4 November – The AEC declares the result of the WA Senate recount, awarding the last two seats to the Greens and Australian Sports Party, instead of the ALP and Palmer United Party.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_73
  • 15 November – The AEC disputes its own declaration of the WA Senate result, by lodging a petition with the Court of Disputed Returns, asking that the WA Senate result be declared null and void.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_74
  • January 2014 – Justice Kenneth Hayne, in the Court of Disputed Returns, hears submissions from the AEC and political parties. On 30 January 2014, Hayne reserved his decision.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_75
  • 20 February 2014 – The Court of Disputed Returns voids the results of the WA Senate election.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_76
  • 21 February 2014 – Electoral Commissioner Ed Killesteyn announces his resignation, to take effect on 4 July 2014.2013 Australian federal election_item_7_77

Campaign 2013 Australian federal election_section_20

Further information: Candidates of the Australian federal election, 2013 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_79

The incumbent Labor-led government argued for a need for a "safe pair of hands" to manage an economic shift from mining-oriented growth to something else; while the opposition said that it would prevent a recession that could be caused by a budget deficit. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_80

The Sydney Morning Herald suggested both arguments hedged on the mining boom going bust. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_81

Rudd officially began the campaign season on 1 September in his hometown of Brisbane. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_82

At the rally, he promised tax breaks for small businesses and more work for local contractors on infrastructure projects. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_83

He said: "In this election, we are now engaged in the fight of our lives. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_84

It is a fight about the values that underpin Australia's future, a fight about our vision for Australia's future. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_85

It's a fight about how we go about building Australia's future, a future for the many, not just for the few." 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_86

He also dismissed the opinion polls that showed him trailing to Abbott in gaining a parliamentary plurality. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_87

Opinion polls 2013 Australian federal election_section_21

Main article: Opinion polling for the Australian federal election, 2013 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_88

Newspaper endorsements 2013 Australian federal election_section_22

The press overwhelmingly favoured the Coalition over Labor, with all of News Corp's publications endorsing Tony Abbott's opposition over Kevin Rudd's government, as well as Fairfax's publications such as The Age, The Sydney Morning Herald and The Canberra Times, backing the Coalition over Labor. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_89

Fairfax's newspapers, The Sydney Morning Herald and The Canberra Times both considered the need for political stability a primary reason for supporting the Coalition, as well as criticising Labor's continuing infighting and scandals. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_90

The Age backed Labor, praising Labor's stewardship of the economy during the global financial crisis and noting that, of the two parties, they were the one with a vision for Australia. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_91

The Sunday Age, however, supported the Coalition, rejecting their daily counterpart's editorial that Labor had vision and that the election amounted to choosing a lesser evil, noting that during the election campaign a "genuine contest of ideas [had] not materialised", that "the campaign [had] contained no vision or policy clarion call commanding our attention and demanding our vote" and subsequently that "in the absence of policies and detailed economic information, voter decisiveness will depend on one issue: trust." 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_92

During this period, various News Corp's papers published numerous front-page articles supporting The Coalition and denigrating Labor. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_93

During the campaign, The Daily Telegraph ran front pages depicting Labor as Nazis, displaying a picture of Rudd above a headline telling readers to "Kick this mob out, and, on election day, ran the headline "After 33 days campaigning, 18 babies kissed, 104,275 km flown and six years of an incompetent Labor government, now it's... your turn." 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_94

The Sunday Telegraph, meanwhile, printed an front-page editorial with the headline "Australia needs Tony". 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_95

Additionally, The Courier-Mail used a front page to depict Labor as clowns, and ran a headline of "Does This Guy Ever Shut Up" alongside a photo of Rudd during a debate. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_96

Similarly, in the weeks preceding the election, the Herald Sun ran the headline "Trust Me" alongside a photo Abbott and on the day of the election ran a front page consisting of the headline "It's Tony's Time" alongside another photo of Abbott. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_97

National daily newspapers 2013 Australian federal election_section_23

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_4

Newspaper2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_4_0_0 2013 endorsement2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_4_0_1 Link2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_4_0_3 2010 endorsement2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_4_0_4 Link2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_4_0_6
The Advertiser2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_1_6
The Age2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_2_6
The Australian2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_3_6
The Australian Financial Review2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_4_6
The Canberra Times2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_5_6
The Courier-Mail2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_6_6
The Daily Telegraph2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_7_6
The Guardian Australia2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_4 N/A2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_8_6
The Herald Sun2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_9_6
The Mercury2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_10_6
Northern Territory News2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_11_6
The Sydney Morning Herald2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_4 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_12_6
The West Australian2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_3 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_4 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_5 2013 Australian federal election_cell_4_13_6

National Sunday newspapers 2013 Australian federal election_section_24

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_5

Newspaper2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_5_0_0 2013 endorsement2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_5_0_1 2010 endorsement2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_5_0_3 Link2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_5_0_5
The Sunday Age2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_3 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_1_5
The Weekend Australian2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_3 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_2_5
The Sunday Mail2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_3 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_3_5
The Sunday Telegraph2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_3 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_4_5
The Sunday Herald Sun2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_1 Coalition2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_3 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_4 2013 Australian federal election_cell_5_5_5

International press 2013 Australian federal election_section_25

2013 Australian federal election_table_general_6

Newspaper2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_6_0_0 Endorsement2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_6_0_1 Link2013 Australian federal election_header_cell_6_0_3
The Economist2013 Australian federal election_cell_6_1_0 2013 Australian federal election_cell_6_1_1 Labor2013 Australian federal election_cell_6_1_2 2013 Australian federal election_cell_6_1_3

Result commentary 2013 Australian federal election_section_26

The Labor Party recorded its lowest two-party preferred vote since 1996 and lowest primary vote since 1931. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_98

Kevin Rudd announced his resignation as party leader and confirmed he would not run again in the subsequent leadership election. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_99

With Nova Peris's victory in the Senate election in the Northern Territory, she became the first Aboriginal woman to be elected to parliament. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_100

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange failed to be elected to the Senate after running in Victoria, with his WikiLeaks Party garnering 0.62% of the popular vote. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_101

Former Queensland Premier Peter Beattie, standing in the Liberal-held seat of Forde, also failed to enter parliament. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_102

In an unprecedented outcome in Australian electoral history, the Senate result in Western Australia was declared void after the loss of over 1,300 ballot papers, necessitating a fresh election for the Senate in that state. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_103

Aftermath 2013 Australian federal election_section_27

The Coalition had campaigned on a tough stance on asylum seekers who came to Australia by boat (as had the Labor Party in the final weeks leading up to the election). 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_104

Immediately after the election, Abbott reiterated his party's promise and announced that his new government would begin Operation Sovereign Borders—which would turn back any vessels carrying asylum seekers—as soon as possible. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_105

He also confirmed he would abolish the carbon price that was introduced by the Gillard Government, as well as lower foreign aid by A$4.5 billion. 2013 Australian federal election_sentence_106


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2013 Australian federal election.