20th Century Studios

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This article is about the company since 1935. 20th Century Studios_sentence_0

For one of its similarly-named ancestor companies before 1935, see Twentieth Century Pictures. 20th Century Studios_sentence_1

"20th Century Fox" redirects here. 20th Century Studios_sentence_2

For other uses, see 20th Century Fox (disambiguation). 20th Century Studios_sentence_3

20th Century Studios_table_infobox_0

20th Century Studios, Inc.20th Century Studios_table_caption_0
Formerly20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_0_0 Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation (20th Century-Fox)

(1935–1985) Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (20th Century Fox) (1985–2020)20th Century Studios_cell_0_0_1

Type20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_1_0 Subsidiary20th Century Studios_cell_0_1_1
Industry20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_2_0 Film20th Century Studios_cell_0_2_1
Predecessors20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_3_0 20th Century Studios_cell_0_3_1
Founded20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_4_0 May 31, 1935; 85 years ago (1935-05-31)20th Century Studios_cell_0_4_1
Founders20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_5_0 20th Century Studios_cell_0_5_1
Headquarters20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_6_0 Fox Studio Lot Building 88, 10201 West Pico Boulevard, Century City, Los Angeles, California, United States20th Century Studios_cell_0_6_1
Area served20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_7_0 Worldwide20th Century Studios_cell_0_7_1
Key people20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_8_0 Steve Asbell (president)20th Century Studios_cell_0_8_1
Products20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_9_0 Motion pictures, television films20th Century Studios_cell_0_9_1
Number of employees20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_10_0 2,300 (2018)20th Century Studios_cell_0_10_1
Parent20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_11_0 Disney Studios Content20th Century Studios_cell_0_11_1
Divisions20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_12_0 20th Century Studios_cell_0_12_1
Subsidiaries20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_13_0 20th Century Studios_cell_0_13_1
Website20th Century Studios_header_cell_0_14_0 20th Century Studios_cell_0_14_1

20th Century Studios, Inc. (formerly known as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation) is an American film studio that is a subsidiary of Disney Studios Content, a division of The Walt Disney Company. 20th Century Studios_sentence_4

The studio is located on the Fox Studio Lot in the Century City area of Los Angeles. 20th Century Studios_sentence_5

Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures distributes and markets the films produced by 20th Century Studios. 20th Century Studios_sentence_6

20th Century Studios was one of the "Big Six" major American film studios for over 83 years; it was formed as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation from the merger of the Fox Film Corporation and the original 20th Century Pictures in 1935. 20th Century Studios_sentence_7

In 1985, the studio became known as 20th Century Fox after being acquired by News Corporation, which was succeeded by 21st Century Fox in 2013, after spinning off its publishing assets. 20th Century Studios_sentence_8

In 2019, Disney purchased 20th Century Fox through its acquisition of 21st Century Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_9

The studio's current name was adopted on January 17, 2020. 20th Century Studios_sentence_10

History 20th Century Studios_section_0

From founding to 1956 20th Century Studios_section_1

See also: Fox Film and Twentieth Century Pictures 20th Century Studios_sentence_11

Twentieth Century Pictures' Joseph Schenck and Darryl F. Zanuck left United Artists over a stock dispute, and began merger talks with the management of financially struggling Fox Film, under President Sidney Kent. 20th Century Studios_sentence_12

Spyros Skouras, then manager of the Fox West Coast Theaters, helped make it happen (and later became president of the new company). 20th Century Studios_sentence_13

The company had been struggling since founder William Fox lost control of the company in 1930. 20th Century Studios_sentence_14

Fox Film Corporation and Twentieth Century Pictures merged in 1935. 20th Century Studios_sentence_15

Initially, it was speculated in The New York Times that the newly merged company would be named Fox-Twentieth Century. 20th Century Studios_sentence_16

The new company, Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, began trading on May 31, 1935. 20th Century Studios_sentence_17

Kent remained at the company, joining Schenck and Zanuck. 20th Century Studios_sentence_18

Zanuck replaced Winfield Sheehan as the company's production chief. 20th Century Studios_sentence_19

The company established a special training school. 20th Century Studios_sentence_20

Lynn Bari, Patricia Farr and Anne Nagel were among 14 young women "launched on the trail of film stardom" on August 6, 1935, when they each received a six-month contract with 20th Century-Fox after spending 18 months in the school. 20th Century Studios_sentence_21

The contracts included a studio option for renewal for as long as seven years. 20th Century Studios_sentence_22

For many years, 20th Century-Fox claimed to have been founded in 1915, the year Fox Film was founded. 20th Century Studios_sentence_23

For instance, it marked 1945 as its 30th anniversary. 20th Century Studios_sentence_24

However, in recent years it has claimed the 1935 merger as its founding, even though most film historians agree it was founded in 1915. 20th Century Studios_sentence_25

The company's films retained the 20th Century Pictures searchlight logo on their opening credits as well as its opening fanfare, but with the name changed to 20th Century-Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_26

After the merger was completed, Zanuck signed young actors to help carry 20th Century-Fox: Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, Carmen Miranda, Don Ameche, Henry Fonda, Gene Tierney, Sonja Henie, and Betty Grable. 20th Century Studios_sentence_27

20th Century-Fox also hired Alice Faye and Shirley Temple, who appeared in several major films for the studio in the 1930s. 20th Century Studios_sentence_28

Higher attendance during World War II helped 20th Century-Fox overtake RKO and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to become the third most profitable film studio. 20th Century Studios_sentence_29

In 1941, Zanuck was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Signal Corps and assigned to supervise production of U.S. Army training films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_30

His partner, William Goetz, filled in at 20th Century-Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_31

In 1942, Spyros Skouras succeeded Kent as president of the studio. 20th Century Studios_sentence_32

During the next few years, with pictures like Wilson (1944), The Razor's Edge (1946), Boomerang, Gentleman's Agreement (both 1947), The Snake Pit (1948), and Pinky (1949), Zanuck established a reputation for provocative, adult films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_33

20th Century-Fox also specialized in adaptations of best-selling books such as Ben Ames Williams' Leave Her to Heaven (1945), starring Gene Tierney, which was the highest-grossing 20th Century-Fox film of the 1940s. 20th Century Studios_sentence_34

The studio also produced film versions of Broadway musicals, including the Rodgers and Hammerstein films, beginning with the musical version of State Fair (1945), the only work that the partnership written especially for films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_35

After the war, audiences slowly drifted away with the advent of television. 20th Century Studios_sentence_36

20th Century-Fox held on to its theaters until a court-mandated "divorce"; they were spun off as Fox National Theaters in 1953. 20th Century Studios_sentence_37

That year, with attendance at half the 1946 level, 20th Century-Fox gambled on an unproven process. 20th Century Studios_sentence_38

Noting that the two film sensations of 1952 had been Cinerama, which required three projectors to fill a giant curved screen, and "Natural Vision" 3D, which got its effects of depth by requiring the use of polarized glasses, 20th Century-Fox mortgaged its studio to buy rights to a French anamorphic projection system which gave a slight illusion of depth without glasses. 20th Century Studios_sentence_39

President Spyros Skouras struck a deal with the inventor Henri Chrétien, leaving the other film studios empty-handed, and in 1953 introduced CinemaScope in the studio's groundbreaking feature film The Robe. 20th Century Studios_sentence_40

Zanuck announced in February 1953 that henceforth all 20th Century-Fox pictures would be made in CinemaScope. 20th Century Studios_sentence_41

To convince theater owners to install this new process, 20th Century-Fox agreed to help pay conversion costs (about $25,000 per screen); and to ensure enough product, 20th Century-Fox gave access to CinemaScope to any rival studio choosing to use it. 20th Century Studios_sentence_42

Seeing the box-office for the first two CinemaScope features, The Robe and How to Marry a Millionaire (also 1953), Warner Bros., MGM, Universal-International), Columbia Pictures and Disney quickly adopted the process. 20th Century Studios_sentence_43

In 1956, 20th Century-Fox engaged Robert Lippert to establish a subsidiary company, Regal Pictures, later Associated Producers Incorporated to film B pictures in CinemaScope (but "branded" RegalScope). 20th Century Studios_sentence_44

20th Century-Fox produced new musicals using the CinemaScope process including Carousel and The King and I (both 1956). 20th Century Studios_sentence_45

CinemaScope brought a brief upturn in attendance, but by 1956 the numbers again began to slide. 20th Century Studios_sentence_46

That year Darryl Zanuck announced his resignation as head of production. 20th Century Studios_sentence_47

Zanuck moved to Paris, setting up as an independent producer, seldom being in the United States for many years. 20th Century Studios_sentence_48

Production and financial problems 20th Century Studios_section_2

Zanuck's successor, producer Buddy Adler, died a year later. 20th Century Studios_sentence_49

President Spyros Skouras brought in a series of production executives, but none had Zanuck's success. 20th Century Studios_sentence_50

By the early 1960s, 20th Century-Fox was in trouble. 20th Century Studios_sentence_51

A new version of Cleopatra (1963) began production in 1959 with Joan Collins in the lead. 20th Century Studios_sentence_52

As a publicity gimmick, producer Walter Wanger offered $1 million to Elizabeth Taylor if she would star; she accepted and costs for Cleopatra began to escalate. 20th Century Studios_sentence_53

Richard Burton's on-set romance with Taylor was surrounding the media. 20th Century Studios_sentence_54

However, Skouras' selfish preferences and inexperienced micromanagement on the film's production did nothing to speed up production on Cleopatra. 20th Century Studios_sentence_55

Meanwhile, another remake — of the Cary Grant hit My Favorite Wife (1940) — was rushed into production in an attempt to turn over a quick profit to help keep 20th Century-Fox afloat. 20th Century Studios_sentence_56

The romantic comedy entitled Something's Got to Give paired Marilyn Monroe, 20th Century-Fox's most bankable star of the 1950s, with Dean Martin and director George Cukor. 20th Century Studios_sentence_57

The troubled Monroe caused delays on a daily basis, and it quickly descended into a costly debacle. 20th Century Studios_sentence_58

As Cleopatra's budget passed $10 million, eventually costing around $40 million, 20th Century-Fox sold its back lot (now the site of Century City) to Alcoa in 1961 to raise funds. 20th Century Studios_sentence_59

After several weeks of script rewrites on the Monroe picture and very little progress, mostly due to director George Cukor's filming methods, in addition to Monroe's chronic sinusitis, Monroe was fired from Something's Got to Give and two months later she was found dead. 20th Century Studios_sentence_60

According to 20th Century-Fox files, she was rehired within weeks for a two-picture deal totaling $1 million, $500,000 to finish Something's Got to Give (plus a bonus at completion), and another $500,000 for What a Way to Go. 20th Century Studios_sentence_61

Elizabeth Taylor's bout with pneumonia and the media coverage of the Burton affair allowed Skouras to scapegoat the two stars for all the production setbacks, which helped earn the long-time industry professional Taylor a new disruptive reputation. 20th Century Studios_sentence_62

Challenges on the Cleopatra set continued from 1960 into 1962, though three 20th Century-Fox executives went to Rome in June 1962 to fire her. 20th Century Studios_sentence_63

They learned that director Joseph L. Mankiewicz had filmed out of sequence and had only done interiors, so 20th Century-Fox was then forced to allow Taylor several more weeks of filming. 20th Century Studios_sentence_64

In the meantime during that summer of 1962 Fox released nearly all of its contract stars to offset burgeoning costs, including Jayne Mansfield. 20th Century Studios_sentence_65

With few pictures on the schedule, Skouras wanted to rush Zanuck's big-budget war epic The Longest Day (1962), an accurate account of the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, with a huge international cast, into release as another source of quick cash. 20th Century Studios_sentence_66

This offended Zanuck, still 20th Century-Fox's largest shareholder, for whom The Longest Day was a labor of love that he had dearly wanted to produce for many years. 20th Century Studios_sentence_67

After it became clear that Something's Got to Give would not be able to progress without Monroe in the lead (Martin had refused to work with anyone else), Skouras finally decided that re-signing her was unavoidable. 20th Century Studios_sentence_68

But days before filming was due to resume, she was found dead at her Los Angeles home and the picture resumed filming as Move Over, Darling, with Doris Day and James Garner in the leads. 20th Century Studios_sentence_69

Released in 1963, the film was a hit. 20th Century Studios_sentence_70

The unfinished scenes from Something's Got to Give were shelved for nearly 40 years. 20th Century Studios_sentence_71

Rather than being rushed into release as if it were a B-picture, The Longest Day was lovingly and carefully produced under Zanuck's supervision. 20th Century Studios_sentence_72

It was finally released at a length of three hours, and was well received. 20th Century Studios_sentence_73

At the next board meeting, Zanuck spoke for eight hours, convincing directors that Skouras was mismanaging the company and that he was the only possible successor. 20th Century Studios_sentence_74

Zanuck was installed as chairman, and then named his son Richard Zanuck as president. 20th Century Studios_sentence_75

This new management group seized Cleopatra and rushed it to completion, shut down the studio, laid off the entire staff to save money, axed the long-running Movietone Newsreel (the archives of which are now owned by Fox News), and made a series of cheap, popular pictures that restored 20th Century-Fox as a major studio. 20th Century Studios_sentence_76

The saving grace for the studio's fortunes came from the tremendous success of The Sound of Music (1965), an expensive and handsomely produced film adaptation of the highly acclaimed Rodgers and Hammerstein Broadway musical, which became a significant success at the box office and won five Academy Awards, including Best Director (Robert Wise) and Best Picture of the Year. 20th Century Studios_sentence_77

20th Century-Fox also had two big science-fiction hits in the decade: Fantastic Voyage (1966), and the original Planet of the Apes (1968), starring Charlton Heston, Kim Hunter, and Roddy McDowall. 20th Century Studios_sentence_78

Fantastic Voyage was the last film made in CinemaScope; the studio had held on the format while Panavision lenses were being used elsewhere. 20th Century Studios_sentence_79

Zanuck stayed on as chairman until 1971, but there were several expensive flops in his last years, resulting in 20th Century-Fox posting losses from 1969 to 1971. 20th Century Studios_sentence_80

Following his removal, and after an uncertain period, new management brought 20th Century-Fox back to health. 20th Century Studios_sentence_81

Under president Gordon T. Stulberg and production head Alan Ladd, Jr., 20th Century-Fox films connected with modern audiences. 20th Century Studios_sentence_82

Stulberg used the profits to acquire resort properties, soft-drink bottlers, Australian theaters and other properties in an attempt to diversify enough to offset the boom-or-bust cycle of picture-making. 20th Century Studios_sentence_83

Foreshadowing a pattern of film production still yet to come, in late 1973 20th Century-Fox joined forces with Warner Bros. to co-produce The Towering Inferno (1974), an all-star action blockbuster from producer Irwin Allen. 20th Century Studios_sentence_84

Both studios found themselves owning the rights to books about burning skyscrapers. 20th Century Studios_sentence_85

Allen insisted on a meeting with the heads of both studios, and announced that as 20th Century-Fox was already in the lead with their property it would be career suicide to have competing movies. 20th Century Studios_sentence_86

Thus the first joint-venture studio deal was struck. 20th Century Studios_sentence_87

In hindsight, while it may be commonplace now, back in the 1970s, it was a risky, but revolutionary, idea that paid off handsomely at both domestic and international box offices around the world. 20th Century Studios_sentence_88

20th Century-Fox's success reached new heights by backing the most profitable film made up to that time, Star Wars (1977). 20th Century Studios_sentence_89

Substantial financial gains were realized as a result of the film's unprecedented success: from a low of $6 in June 1976, stock prices more than quadrupled to almost $27 after Star Wars' release; 1976 revenues of $195 million rose to $301 million in 1977. 20th Century Studios_sentence_90

Marvin Davis and Rupert Murdoch 20th Century Studios_section_3

With financial stability came new owners, when 20th Century-Fox was sold for $720 million on June 8, 1981 to investors Marc Rich and Marvin Davis. 20th Century Studios_sentence_91

20th Century-Fox's assets included Pebble Beach Golf Links, the Aspen Skiing Company and a Century City property upon which Davis built and twice sold Fox Plaza. 20th Century Studios_sentence_92

By 1984, Rich had become a fugitive from justice, having fled to Switzerland after being charged by U.S. federal prosecutors with tax evasion, racketeering and illegal trading with Iran during the Iran hostage crisis. 20th Century Studios_sentence_93

Rich's assets were frozen by U.S. authorities. 20th Century Studios_sentence_94

In 1984 Marvin Davis bought out Marc Rich's 50% interest in 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation for an undisclosed amount, reported to be $116 million. 20th Century Studios_sentence_95

Davis sold this interest to Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation for $250 million in March 1985. 20th Century Studios_sentence_96

Davis later backed out of a deal with Murdoch to purchase John Kluge's Metromedia television stations. 20th Century Studios_sentence_97

Murdoch went ahead alone and bought the stations, and later bought out Davis' remaining stake in 20th Century Fox for $325 million. 20th Century Studios_sentence_98

From 1985, the hyphen was quietly dropped from the brand name, with 20th Century-Fox changing to 20th Century Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_99

To gain FCC approval of 20th Century-Fox's purchase of Metromedia's television holdings, once the stations of the long-dissolved DuMont network, Murdoch had to become a U.S. citizen. 20th Century Studios_sentence_100

He did so in 1985, and in 1986 the new Fox Broadcasting Company took to the air. 20th Century Studios_sentence_101

Over the next 20-odd years the network and owned-stations group expanded to become extremely profitable for News Corp. 20th Century Studios_sentence_102

The company formed its Fox Family Films division in 1994 to boost production at the studio and would handled animation films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_103

In February 1998, following the success of Anastasia, Fox Family Films changed its name to Fox Animation Studios and drop its live action production which would be picked up by other production units. 20th Century Studios_sentence_104

Since January 2000, this company has been the international distributor for MGM/UA releases. 20th Century Studios_sentence_105

In the 1980s, 20th Century Fox — through a joint venture with CBS called CBS/Fox Video — had distributed certain UA films on video; thus UA has come full circle by switching to 20th Century Fox for video distribution. 20th Century Studios_sentence_106

20th Century Fox also makes money distributing films for small independent film companies. 20th Century Studios_sentence_107

In late 2006, Fox Atomic was started up under Fox Searchlight head Peter Rice and COO John Hegeman as a sibling production division under Fox Filmed Entertainment. 20th Century Studios_sentence_108

In early 2008, Atomic's marketing unit was transferred to Fox Searchlight and 20th Century Fox, when Hegeman moved to New Regency Productions. 20th Century Studios_sentence_109

Debbie Liebling became president. 20th Century Studios_sentence_110

After two middling successes and falling short with other films, the unit was shut down in April 2009. 20th Century Studios_sentence_111

The remaining films under Atomic in production and post-productions were transferred to 20th Century Fox and Fox Spotlight with Liebling overseeing them. 20th Century Studios_sentence_112

In 2008, 20th Century Fox announced an Asian subsidiary, Fox STAR Studios, a joint venture with STAR TV, also owned by News Corporation. 20th Century Studios_sentence_113

It was reported that Fox STAR would start by producing films for the Bollywood market, then expand to several Asian markets. 20th Century Studios_sentence_114

In 2008, 20th Century Fox started Fox International Productions . 20th Century Studios_sentence_115

Chernin Entertainment was founded by Peter Chernin after he stepped down as president of 20th Century Fox's then-parent company News Corp. in 2009. 20th Century Studios_sentence_116

Chernin Entertainment's five-year first-look deal for the film and television was signed with 20th Century Fox and 20th Century Fox TV in 2009. 20th Century Studios_sentence_117

In August 2012, 20th Century Fox signed a five-year deal with DreamWorks Animation to distribute in domestic and international markets. 20th Century Studios_sentence_118

However, the deal did not include the distribution rights for previously released films which DreamWorks Animation acquired from Paramount Pictures later in 2014. 20th Century Studios_sentence_119

Fox's deal with DreamWorks Animation ended on June 2, 2017 with Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie, with Universal Pictures taking over the distribution deal with DreamWorks Animation due to NBCUniversal's acquisition of DreamWorks Animation on August 22, 2016, starting on February 22, 2019 with the release of How to Train Your Dragon: The Hidden World. 20th Century Studios_sentence_120

21st Century Fox era 20th Century Studios_section_4

In 2012, Rupert Murdoch announced that News Corp. would be split into two publishing and media-oriented companies: a new News Corporation, and 21st Century Fox, which operated the Fox Entertainment Group and 20th Century Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_121

Murdoch considered the name of the new company a way to maintain the 20th Century Fox's heritage. 20th Century Studios_sentence_122

Fox Stage Productions was formed in June 2013. 20th Century Studios_sentence_123

In August 2013, 20CF started a theatrical joint venture with a trio of producers, both film and theater, Kevin McCollum, John Davis and Tom McGrath. 20th Century Studios_sentence_124

In September 2017, Locksmith Animation formed a multi-year production deal with 20th Century Fox, who will distribute Locksmith's films, with Locksmith aiming to release a film every 12–18 months. 20th Century Studios_sentence_125

The deal was to bolster Blue Sky's output and replace the loss of distributing DreamWorks Animation films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_126

Technoprops, a VFX company that worked on Avatar and The Jungle Book, was purchased in April 2017 to operate as Fox VFX Lab. 20th Century Studios_sentence_127

Technoprops' founder Glenn Derry would continue to run the company as vice president of visual effect reporting to John Kilkenny, VFX president. 20th Century Studios_sentence_128

On October 30, 2017, Vanessa Morrison was named president of a new created 20th Century Fox division, Fox Family, reporting to the Chairman and CEO and Vice Chairman of 20th Century Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_129

The family division would develop films that appeal to younger moviegoers and their parents both animated films and films with live action elements. 20th Century Studios_sentence_130

Also, the division would oversee the studio's family animated television business, which produce based holiday television specials on existing film properties, and oversee feature film adaptation of its television shows. 20th Century Studios_sentence_131

To replace Morrison at Fox Animation, Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird were named co-presidents of 20th Century Fox Animation. 20th Century Studios_sentence_132

20th Century Fox issued a default notice in regards to its licensing agreement for the under-construction 20th Century Fox World theme park in Malaysia by Genting Malaysia Bhd. 20th Century Studios_sentence_133

In November 2018 Genting Malaysia filed suit in response and included soon to be parent The Walt Disney Company. 20th Century Studios_sentence_134

Disney era and studio renaming 20th Century Studios_section_5

Further information: Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney 20th Century Studios_sentence_135

On December 14, 2017, The Walt Disney Company announced plans to purchase most of the 21st Century Fox assets, including 20th Century Fox, for $52.4 billion. 20th Century Studios_sentence_136

After a bid from Comcast (parent company of NBCUniversal) for $65 billion, Disney counterbid with $71.3 billion. 20th Century Studios_sentence_137

On July 19, 2018, Comcast dropped out of the bid for 21st Century Fox in favor of Sky plc and Sky UK. 20th Century Studios_sentence_138

Eight days later, Disney and 21st Century Fox shareholders approved the merger between the two companies. 20th Century Studios_sentence_139

Although the deal was completed on March 20, 2019, 20th Century Fox was not planning to relocate to Walt Disney Studios in Burbank. 20th Century Studios_sentence_140

It would retain its headquarters in Century City on the Fox Studio Lot, which is currently leased to Disney by Fox Corporation, for seven years. 20th Century Studios_sentence_141

Various units were moved out from under 20th Century Fox at acquisition and months after the merger plus there were several rounds of layoffs. 20th Century Studios_sentence_142

On January 17, 2020, Disney renamed the studio as 20th Century Studios (legally, 20th Century Studios, Inc.), which served to help avoid brand confusion with the Fox Corporation. 20th Century Studios_sentence_143

Similar to other Disney film units, distribution of 20th Century films is now handled by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, while Searchlight Pictures operates their own autonomous distribution unit. 20th Century Studios_sentence_144

The first film released by Disney under the studio's new name was The Call of the Wild. 20th Century Studios_sentence_145

In January 2020, held-over production president Emma Watts resigned from the company. 20th Century Studios_sentence_146

On March 12, 2020, Steve Asbell was named president, production of 20th Century Studios, while Morrison was named president, streaming, Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production to oversee live action development and production of Disney Live Action and 20th Century Studios for Disney+. 20th Century Studios_sentence_147

Philip Steuer will now lead physical and post production, as well as VFX, as president of production at Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production. 20th Century Studios_sentence_148

Randi Hiller will now lead casting as executive vp casting, overseeing for both Disney Live Action and 20th Century Studios. 20th Century Studios_sentence_149

Steuer has served as executive vp physical production for Walt Disney Studios since 2015, and Hiller has led casting for Walt Disney Studios since 2011. 20th Century Studios_sentence_150

Both will dual-report to Asbell and Bailey. 20th Century Studios_sentence_151

Television 20th Century Studios_section_6

Main article: 20th Television 20th Century Studios_sentence_152

20th Television is the television production division of 20th Century Studios. 20th Century Studios_sentence_153

20th Century Fox Television was the studio's television production division, along with Fox 21 Television Studios until they were renamed 20th Television and Touchstone Television respectively in 2020. 20th Century Studios_sentence_154

20th Television was also the studio's television syndication division until it was folded into Disney Media Distribution and Disney-ABC Domestic Television in 2020. 20th Century Studios_sentence_155

During the mid-1950s, feature films were released to television in the hope that they would broaden sponsorship and help distribution of network programs. 20th Century Studios_sentence_156

Blocks of one-hour programming of feature films to national sponsors on 128 stations was organized by Twentieth Century Fox and National Telefilm Associates. 20th Century Studios_sentence_157

Twentieth Century Fox received 50% interest in NTA Film network after it sold its library to National Telefilm Associates. 20th Century Studios_sentence_158

This gave 90 minutes of cleared time a week and syndicated feature films to 110 non-interconnected stations for sale to national sponsors. 20th Century Studios_sentence_159

Buyout of Four Star 20th Century Studios_section_7

Rupert Murdoch's 20th Century Fox bought out the remaining assets of Four Star Television from Ronald Perelman's Compact Video in 1996. 20th Century Studios_sentence_160

The majority of Four Star Television's library of programs are controlled by 20th Television today. 20th Century Studios_sentence_161

After Murdoch's numerous buyouts during the buyout era of the eighties, News Corporation had built up financial debts of $7 billion (much from Sky TV in the UK), despite the many assets that were held by NewsCorp. 20th Century Studios_sentence_162

The high levels of debt caused Murdoch to sell many of the American magazine interests he had acquired in the mid-1980s. 20th Century Studios_sentence_163

Music 20th Century Studios_section_8

Main articles: 20th Century Fox Records and Fox Music 20th Century Studios_sentence_164

Between 1933 and 1937, a custom record label called Fox Movietone was produced starting at F-100 and running through F-136. 20th Century Studios_sentence_165

It featured songs from Fox movies, first using material recorded and issued on Victor's Bluebird label and halfway through switched to material recorded and issued on ARC's dime store labels (Melotone, Perfect, etc.). 20th Century Studios_sentence_166

These scarce records were sold only at Fox Theaters. 20th Century Studios_sentence_167

Fox Music has been 20th Century Fox's music arm since 2000. 20th Century Studios_sentence_168

It encompasses music publishing and licensing businesses, dealing primarily with Fox Entertainment Group television and film soundtracks. 20th Century Studios_sentence_169

Prior to Fox Music, 20th Century Records was its music arm from 1958 to 1981. 20th Century Studios_sentence_170

Radio 20th Century Studios_section_9

The Twentieth Century Fox Presents radio series were broadcast between 1936 and 1942. 20th Century Studios_sentence_171

More often than not, the shows were a radio preview featuring a medley of the songs and soundtracks from the latest movie being released into the theaters, much like the modern day movie trailers we now see on TV, to encourage folks to head down to their nearest Picture House. 20th Century Studios_sentence_172

The radio shows featured the original stars, with the announcer narrating a lead up that encapsulated the performance. 20th Century Studios_sentence_173

Motion picture film processing 20th Century Studios_section_10

From its earliest ventures into movie production, Fox Film Corporation operated its own processing laboratories. 20th Century Studios_sentence_174

The original lab was located in Fort Lee, New Jersey along with the studios. 20th Century Studios_sentence_175

A lab was included with the new studio built in Los Angeles in 1916. 20th Century Studios_sentence_176

Headed by Alan E. Freedman, the Fort Lee lab was moved into the new Fox Studios building in Manhattan in 1919. 20th Century Studios_sentence_177

In 1932, Freedman bought the labs from Fox for $2,000,000 to bolster what at that time was a failing Fox liquidity. 20th Century Studios_sentence_178

He renamed the operation "DeLuxe Laboratories," which much later became DeLuxe Entertainment Services Group. 20th Century Studios_sentence_179

In the 1940s Freedman sold the labs back to what was then 20th Century Fox and remained as president into the 1960s. 20th Century Studios_sentence_180

Under Freedman's leadership, DeLuxe added two more labs in Chicago and Toronto and processed film from studios other than Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_181

Divisions 20th Century Studios_section_11

Fox Atomic 20th Century Studios_section_12

Fox Atomic was a youth-focused film production company and division of Fox Filmed Entertainment that operated from 2006 to April 2009. 20th Century Studios_sentence_182

Atomic was originally paired with Fox Spotlight Pictures under the same leadership. 20th Century Studios_sentence_183

In late 2006, Fox Atomic was started up under Fox Searchlight head Peter Rice and COO John Hegeman as a sibling production division under Fox Filmed Entertainment. 20th Century Studios_sentence_184

Debbie Liebling transferred to Fox Atomic in 2007 from Fox. 20th Century Studios_sentence_185

In January 2008, Atomic's marketing unit was transferred to Fox Searchlight and 20th Century Fox, when Hegeman moved to New Regency Productions. 20th Century Studios_sentence_186

Debbie Liebling became president. 20th Century Studios_sentence_187

After two middling successes and falling short with other films, the unit was shut down in April 2009. 20th Century Studios_sentence_188

The remaining films under Atomic in production and post-productions were transferred to 20th Century Fox and Fox Spotlight with Liebling overseeing them. 20th Century Studios_sentence_189

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Films in production at shut down and transferred to other Fox units 20th Century Studios_sentence_190

20th Century Studios_unordered_list_1

Fox Family 20th Century Studios_section_13

Fox Family is a family-friendly production division of 20th Century Studios. 20th Century Studios_sentence_191

Besides family-friendly theatrical films, the division oversees mixed media (live-action with animation), family animated holiday television specials based on film properties and film features based on TV shows. 20th Century Studios_sentence_192

On October 30, 2017, Morrison was transferred from her post as president of 20th Century Fox Animation, the prior Fox Family Films, to be president of a newly created 20th Century Fox division, Fox Family, which as a mandate similar to Fox Family Films. 20th Century Studios_sentence_193

The division pick up supervision of a Bob's Burgers film and some existing deals with animation producers, including Tonko House. 20th Century Studios_sentence_194

With the sale of 21st Century Fox to Disney in March 2019, rights to The Dam Keeper feature animated film returned to Tonko House. 20th Century Studios_sentence_195

With the August 2019 20th Century Fox slate overhaul announcement, 20th Century Fox properties such as Home Alone, Night at the Museum, and Diary of the Wimpy Kid have been assigned for Disney+ release and assigned to Fox Family. 20th Century Studios_sentence_196

On March 12, 2020, Morrison was named president, Streaming, Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production to oversee live action development and production of Disney Live Action and 20th Century Studios for Disney+. 20th Century Studios_sentence_197

20th Century Studios_description_list_2

  • Upcoming productions20th Century Studios_item_2_10

20th Century Studios_unordered_list_3

  • Bob's Burgers: The Movie (April 9, 2021)20th Century Studios_item_3_11
  • an unnamed The Simpsons Movie sequel20th Century Studios_item_3_12
  • The Prom Goer's Interstellar Excursion based film, produced with Chernin Entertainment20th Century Studios_item_3_13
  • Paper Lanterns live-action/animated family film written by Jonny Sun and produced with Chernin Entertainment20th Century Studios_item_3_14
  • The Garden live-action/CGI musical film based on book of Genesis's the Garden of Eden with Franklin Entertainment20th Century Studios_item_3_15

Fox VFX Lab 20th Century Studios_section_14

Fox VFX Lab is a visual effects company division of 20th Century Studios that was acquired in 2017 known as Technoprops. 20th Century Studios_sentence_198

It is led by president John Kilkenny. 20th Century Studios_sentence_199

Besides their visual effects activities, the division oversees different parts of the world to apply for and work on projects that include films such as Avatar, The Jungle Book, Rogue One, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows, Doctor Strange, and Warcraft and also video game properties like Need for Speed (2015), Battlefield 1, Rainbow Six Siege, Watch Dogs 2, Just Cause 3, Rise of the Tomb Raider, Assassin's Creed Syndicate, Mafia III, Halo 4, Mortal Kombat 11, Far Cry (Far Cry 5 and Primal), Call of Duty (Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare and Black Ops III) and Sonic the Hedgehog (Sonic Forces and Team Sonic Racing). 20th Century Studios_sentence_200

Fox International Productions 20th Century Studios_section_15

Fox International Productions was the division of 20th Century Fox in charge of local production in 12 territories in China, Europe, India and Latin America from 2008 to 2017. 20th Century Studios_sentence_201

In 2008, 20th Century Fox started Fox International Productions under president Sanford Panitch. 20th Century Studios_sentence_202

The company had $900 million in box-office receipts by the time Panitch left the company for Sony on June 2, 2015. 20th Century Studios_sentence_203

Co-president of worldwide theatrical marketing and distribution for 20th Century Fox Tomas Jegeus was named president of Fox International Productions effective September 1, 2015. 20th Century Studios_sentence_204

The company struck a development and production deal in November 2015 with Zhejiang Huace, a Chinese entertainment group. 20th Century Studios_sentence_205

In December 2017, 20th Century Fox film chairman-CEO Stacey Snider indicated that Fox International Productions would be dissolved in favor of each local and regional offices producing or acquiring projects. 20th Century Studios_sentence_206

Logo and fanfare 20th Century Studios_section_16

The familiar 20th Century production logo originated as the logo of Twentieth Century Pictures and was adopted by 20th Century-Fox after the merger in 1935. 20th Century Studios_sentence_207

It consists of a stacked block-letter three-dimensional, monolithic logotype (nicknamed "the Monument") surrounded by Art deco buildings and illuminated by searchlights. 20th Century Studios_sentence_208

In the production logo that appears at the start of films, the searchlights are animated and the sequence is accompanied by a distinctive fanfare that was originally composed in 1933 by Alfred Newman. 20th Century Studios_sentence_209

The original layout of the logo was designed by special effects animator and matte painting artist Emil Kosa Jr.. 20th Century Studios_sentence_210

The 20th Century logo and fanfare have been recognised as an iconic symbol of a golden age of Hollywood. 20th Century Studios_sentence_211

Its appearance at the start of popular films such as How Green Was My Valley (1941) and MASH (1970) established its recognition. 20th Century Studios_sentence_212

In 1953, Rocky Longo, an artist at Pacific Title, was hired to recreate the original logo design for the new CinemaScope picture process. 20th Century Studios_sentence_213

Longo tilted the "0" in "20th" to have the logo maintain proportions in the wider CinemaScope format. 20th Century Studios_sentence_214

Alfred Newman also re-composed the logo's fanfare with an extension to be heard during the CinemaScope logo that would follow after the Fox logo. 20th Century Studios_sentence_215

Although the format had since declined, director George Lucas specifically requested that the CinemaScope version of the fanfare be used for the opening titles of Star Wars (1977). 20th Century Studios_sentence_216

Additionally, the film's main theme was composed by John Williams in the same key as the fanfare (B♭ major), serving as an extension to it of sorts. 20th Century Studios_sentence_217

In 1981, the logo was slightly altered with the re-straightening of the "0" in "20th". 20th Century Studios_sentence_218

In 1994, after a few failed attempts, Fox in-house television producer Kevin Burns was hired to produce a new logo for the company, this time using the then-new process of computer-generated imagery (CGI) adding more detail and animation, with the longer 21-second Fox fanfare arranged by David Newman used as the underscore. 20th Century Studios_sentence_219

In 2009, an updated logo created by Blue Sky Studios debuted with the release of Avatar. 20th Century Studios_sentence_220

On January 17, 2020, it was reported that Disney had begun to phase out the "Fox" name from the studio's branding as it is no longer tied to the current Fox Corporation, with 20th Century Fox and Fox Searchlight Pictures respectively renamed to 20th Century Studios and Searchlight Pictures. 20th Century Studios_sentence_221

Branding elements associated with the studio, including the searchlights, monolith, and fanfare, will remain in use. 20th Century Studios_sentence_222

The first film that carries the new 20th Century Studios name is The Call of the Wild (coincidentally the original film adaptation was the original Twentieth Century Pictures' final movie before its merger with Fox Film). 20th Century Studios_sentence_223

For the 20th Century Studios logo, its print logo debuted on a movie poster of The New Mutants while the on-screen logo debuted in a television advertisement for and the full version debuted on February 21, 2020 with the film The Call of the Wild. 20th Century Studios_sentence_224

The 20th Century Studios logo was animated by Picturemill, based on Blue Sky Studios' animation. 20th Century Studios_sentence_225

Films and franchises 20th Century Studios_section_17

Lists 20th Century Studios_section_18

20th Century Studios_unordered_list_4

Film series 20th Century Studios_section_19

20th Century Studios_table_general_1

Title20th Century Studios_header_cell_1_0_0 Release date20th Century Studios_header_cell_1_0_1
Charlie Chan20th Century Studios_cell_1_1_0 1929–194220th Century Studios_cell_1_1_1
Flicka20th Century Studios_cell_1_2_0 1943–201220th Century Studios_cell_1_2_1
Cheaper by the Dozen20th Century Studios_cell_1_3_0 1950–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_3_1
The Fly20th Century Studios_cell_1_4_0 1958–198920th Century Studios_cell_1_4_1
Dr. Dolittle20th Century Studios_cell_1_5_0 1967–200920th Century Studios_cell_1_5_1
Planet of the Apes20th Century Studios_cell_1_6_0 1968–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_6_1
The Omen20th Century Studios_cell_1_7_0 1976–200620th Century Studios_cell_1_7_1
Alien20th Century Studios_cell_1_8_0 1979–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_8_1
Revenge of the Nerds20th Century Studios_cell_1_9_0 1984–199420th Century Studios_cell_1_9_1
Predator20th Century Studios_cell_1_10_0 1987–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_10_1
Die Hard20th Century Studios_cell_1_11_0 1988–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_11_1
Home Alone20th Century Studios_cell_1_12_0 1990–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_12_1
The Sandlot20th Century Studios_cell_1_13_0 1993–200720th Century Studios_cell_1_13_1
Independence Day20th Century Studios_cell_1_14_0 1996–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_14_1
X-Men20th Century Studios_cell_1_15_0 2000–202020th Century Studios_cell_1_15_1
Behind Enemy Lines20th Century Studios_cell_1_16_0 2001–201420th Century Studios_cell_1_16_1
Ice Age20th Century Studios_cell_1_17_0 2002–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_17_1
Wrong Turn20th Century Studios_cell_1_18_0 2003–201420th Century Studios_cell_1_18_1
Night at the Museum20th Century Studios_cell_1_19_0 2006–201420th Century Studios_cell_1_19_1
Alvin and the Chipmunks20th Century Studios_cell_1_20_0 2007–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_20_1
Taken20th Century Studios_cell_1_21_0 2008–201420th Century Studios_cell_1_21_1
Avatar20th Century Studios_cell_1_22_0 2009–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_22_1
Percy Jackson20th Century Studios_cell_1_23_0 2010-unknown20th Century Studios_cell_1_23_1
Diary of a Wimpy Kid20th Century Studios_cell_1_24_0 2010–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_24_1
Maze Runner20th Century Studios_cell_1_25_0 2014–201820th Century Studios_cell_1_25_1
Kingsman20th Century Studios_cell_1_26_0 2015–present20th Century Studios_cell_1_26_1

Highest-grossing films 20th Century Studios_section_20

The Academy Film Archive houses the 20th Century Fox Features Collection which contains features, trailers, and production elements mostly from the Fox, Twentieth Century, and Twentieth Century-Fox studios, from the late 1920s–1950s. 20th Century Studios_sentence_226

—Includes theatrical reissue(s). 20th Century Studios_sentence_227

See also 20th Century Studios_section_21

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th Century Studios.