21st Iowa Infantry Regiment

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21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_table_infobox_0

21st Iowa Infantry Regiment21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_0_0
Active21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_1_0 August 25, 1862, to July 15, 186521st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_1_1
Country21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_2_0 United States21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_2_1
Allegiance21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_3_0 Union21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_3_1
Branch21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_4_0 Infantry21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_4_1
Equipment21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_5_0 .577 Enfield Rifles21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_5_1
Engagements21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_6_0 Battle of Hartville (MO)

Battle of Port Gibson Battle of Champion Hill Battle of Big Black River Bridge Siege of Vicksburg Siege of Jackson Siege of Fort Blakely Battle of Spanish Fort21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_cell_0_6_1

The 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_0

Service 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_section_0

The 21st Iowa Infantry was organized at Camp Franklin, Dubuque, Iowa, and mustered in for three years of Federal service on September 9, 1862. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_1

The regiment left Camp Franklin in Dubuque, Iowa, on September 16, 1862, on board the sidewheel steamer Henry Clay and two barges tied along side. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_2

They spent their first night on Rock Island before continuing the next day, debarked at Montrose due to low water, traveled by train to Keokuk, boarded the Hawkeye State and arrived in St. Louis on September 20, 1862, then moving to Rolla, Missouri, that autumn and then to Houston, Missouri, forming as part of a brigade that included the 21st Iowa, 99th Illinois, and 33rd Missouri regiments as well as detachments from the 3rd Missouri Cavalry, 3rd Iowa Cavalry, and from the 1st Missouri Artillery. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_3

This brigade was under the command of Gen. Henry Fitz Warren. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_4

The regiment's first test was at the Battle of Hartville, Missouri, with 262 members of the regiment participating on January 11, 1863. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_5

The battle ended with Confederates withdrawing to the south and Federal soldiers to Lebanon before returning to Houston. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_6

Following the expedition in Missouri, the regiment was formed with the 22nd Iowa, 23rd Iowa, and 11th Wisconsin regiments in March, 1863, to form the 2nd Brigade (Lawler's Brigade) of Gen. Carr's Division, of the 13th Army Corp under U.S. Grant to participate in the Vicksburg campaign. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_7

The brigade saw action in Mississippi at Port Gibson, Black River Bridge and the Siege of Vicksburg. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_8

They were present during the May 16, 1863, Battle of Champion Hill but held out of action by General John McClernand. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_9

On May 17, 1863, the 21st and 23d regiments led an assault on entrenched Confederates at the Big Black River bridge, charging out of a meander to the enemy's left flank causing the Rebel defenses at the Black River bridge to collapse and forcing them to retreat. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_10

Thus, the path to Vicksburg was now unimpeded resulting in Grant's army enveloping the city. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_11

Lawler's brigade distinguished itself again during the May 22, 1863, assault at Vicksburg. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_12

The brigade charged up the slopes toward the Texans waiting at the top in the railroad redoubt. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_13

After fierce fighting, the brigade controlled the ridge at the top for a few hours before being driven off. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_14

Gen. Grant abandoned his efforts to take Vicksburg by force and settled into a prolonged siege which ended with Gen. Pemberton's surrender of his Confederate forces and the city on July 4, 1863. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_15

An impressive memorial near the redoubt honors the Iowans who fought and those who sacrificed themselves in the Vicksburg Campaign. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_16

Following Vicksburg, the regiment was part of a force that marched on Jackson, MS. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_17

The regiment then took part in expeditions in Louisiana and then moved to the south coast of Texas at Matagorda Island, Indianola and other nearby locations. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_18

The regiment participated in the Mobile Campaign in the spring of 1865, but did not directly participate in the capitulations of Ft. Blakely and Spanish Fort. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_19

The regiment was mustered out on July 15, 1865, 1865, and discharged at Clinton, Iowa on July 24, 1865. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_20

). 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_21

Total strength and casualties 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_section_1

The 21st Iowa mustered 1181 men at one time or another during its existence. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_22

It suffered 4 officers and 77 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 1 officer and 168 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 250 fatalities. 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_sentence_23

Commanders 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_section_2

21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_unordered_list_0

  • Colonel Samuel Merrill.21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_item_0_0
  • Lieutenant Colonel C. W. Dunlap21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_item_0_1
  • Lieutenant Colonel Salue Van Anda21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_item_0_2

See also 21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_section_3

21st Iowa Infantry Regiment_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st Iowa Infantry Regiment.