4th Saeima

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4th Saeima was the parliament of Latvia from November 3, 1931 until the May 15, 1934 Latvian coup d'état. 4th Saeima_sentence_0

It was the last democratically elected Saeima until the restoration of Latvia’s independence in 1991 and the 5th Saeima elections in 1993. 4th Saeima_sentence_1

Social Democrat Pauls Kalniņš continued to hold the post of Speaker of the Saeima to which he was first elected during the 1st Saeima. 4th Saeima_sentence_2

During November 1933 – May 1934 Saeima discussed proposed Constitutional changes, submitted by Kārlis Ulmanis and his Farmers’ Union, that would reduce number of MPs from 100 to 50, allow for the direct popular election of State President and increase his powers. 4th Saeima_sentence_3

4th Saeima gave confidence to the 2nd cabinet of Marģers Skujenieks (December 6, 1931 – March 23, 1933), cabinet of Ādolfs Bļodnieks (March 24, 1933 – March 16, 1934) and the 4th cabinet of Kārlis Ulmanis (March 17, 1934 – May 15, 1934). 4th Saeima_sentence_4

Elections and Parties 4th Saeima_section_0

4th Saeima elections were held on October 3–4, 1931 and 80,04% of eligible voters participated. 4th Saeima_sentence_5

Due to the liberal Elections law, 27 parties and candidates lists were elected to the 100 seats, representing all the political and ethnic interest groups of Latvia. 4th Saeima_sentence_6

Of the 100 elected MPs, 1 was a woman, 83 were Latvians, 43 had a higher education, 39 had a secondary education, 12 had been educated at people's schools, 3 at military schools, 1 at an agricultural school, 1 at a trade school, and 1 was self-educated. 4th Saeima_sentence_7

4th Saeima_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4th Saeima.