77th Illinois Infantry Regiment

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77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_table_infobox_0

77th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_0_0
Active77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_1_0 September 3, 1862, to July 10, 186577th Illinois Infantry Regiment_cell_0_1_1
Country77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_2_0 United States77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_cell_0_2_1
Allegiance77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_3_0 Union77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_cell_0_3_1
Branch77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_4_0 Infantry77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_cell_0_4_1
Engagements77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_header_cell_0_5_0 Battle of Port Gibson

Siege of Vicksburg Battle of Champion Hill Red River Campaign77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_cell_0_5_1

The 77th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_0

Service 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_section_0

77th Regiment Illinois was organized at Peoria, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on September 3, 1862. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_1

Serving under Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, the 77th Illinois Volunteers participated in the bloody initial phase of the Vicksburg Campaign, during which several days of futile Union attacks were launched before a protracted siege was made and won. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_2

After participating in the first Vicksburg battles, the 77th was part of the group of Union troops marched to the east, where on May 14, 1863, they took part in the Battle of Jackson, Mississippi, leading to the fall of that city. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_3

This success was followed the next spring by a catastrophe, however. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_4

In April 1864, having marched into Louisiana towards Alexandria, the unit was isolated and crushed in a cavalry support operation at the Battle of Sabine Cross-roads. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_5

Some 176 officers and men of the 77th Illinois were killed, wounded, or captured, leaving only 125 members of the regiment fit for duty. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_6

The regiment was discharged from service on July 10, 1865, having participated in 16 battles. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_7

Total strength and casualties 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_section_1

The regiment suffered 2 officers and 66 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 137 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 206 fatalities. 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_sentence_8

Commanders 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_section_2

77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_unordered_list_0

  • Colonel Charles Ballance - Declined commission.77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_item_0_0
  • Colonel David Perkins Grier - Mustered out with the regiment.77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_item_0_1

See also 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_section_3

77th Illinois Infantry Regiment_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/77th Illinois Infantry Regiment.