89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot

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For other units with the same regimental number, see 89th Regiment of Foot (disambiguation). 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_0

89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_table_infobox_0

89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_0_0
Active89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_1_0 1793–188189th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_1_1
Country89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_2_0 Kingdom of Great Britain (1793–1800)

 United Kingdom (1801–1881)89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_2_1

Branch89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_3_0 British Army89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_3_1
Type89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_4_0 Infantry89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_4_1
Size89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_5_0 One battalion (two battalions 1804–1816)89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_5_1
Garrison/HQ89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_6_0 Gough Barracks, Armagh89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_6_1
Engagements89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_header_cell_0_7_0 French Revolutionary Wars

Napoleonic Wars War of 1812 First Anglo-Burmese War Crimean War Indian Rebellion89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_cell_0_7_1

The 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot was a regiment of the British Army, raised on 3 December 1793. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_1

Under the Childers Reforms the regiment amalgamated with the 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot to form the Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers) in 1881. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_2

History 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_0

Formation 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_1

The regiment was raised in Dublin by Major-General William Crosbie as the 89th Regiment of Foot, in response to the threat posed by the French Revolution, on 3 December 1793. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_3

The regiment was sent to join the Duke of York's army in the Netherlands in summer 1794 as part of the unsuccessful defence of that country against the Republican French during the Flanders Campaign. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_4

It was posted to Ireland and, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Blayney, it saw action at the Battle of Vinegar Hill in June 1798 during the rebellion. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_5

The regiment became known for its perseverance in hunting down Irish rebels earning the nickname "Blayney's Bloodhounds". 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_6

It was posted to Malta in 1800 and arrived in Egypt in March 1801 for service in the Egyptian Campaign. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_7

It saw action at the Battle of Alexandria later that month at the Siege of Cairo in April 1801. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_8

Napoleonic Wars 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_2

A second battalion was raised in Ireland in August 1804. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_9

The 1st Battalion embarked for Hanover in December 1805 but lost its colours in a storm off Holland. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_10

After service in Germany the battalion returned to England in February 1806. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_11

The battalion sailed for South America in spring 1807 and took part in the disastrous expedition under Sir Home Popham. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_12

It sailed for the Cape of Good Hope later that year and then transferred to Ceylon in 1808. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_13

It took part in the Invasion of Isle de France in November 1810, the Invasion of Java in August 1811 and the Invasion of Sumatra in March 1812. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_14

It transferred to Madras in India in 1815 and re-absorbed the 2nd Battalion in November 1816. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_15

Meanwhile, four companies from the 2nd Battalion embarked for Cádiz in October 1810 for service in the Peninsular War. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_16

Under the command of Lord Blayney, the four companies of the 2nd battalion took part in a bayonet charge at the Battle of Fuengirola in October 1810. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_17

After defeat in the battle Lord Blayney and most of his troops were held as prisoners of war for the next four years. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_18

One company from the battalion embarked for North America in summer 1812 for service in the War of 1812. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_19

It saw action at the Raid on Black Rock in July 1813 and the Battle of Crysler's Farm November 1813. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_20

At Crysler's Farm the men of the 2nd Battalion, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Morrison, rose up out of concealment and opened fire on the attacking American Forces. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_21

The Americans dived behind tree stumps and bushes to return fire, and their attack lost all order and momentum. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_22

As ammunition ran short, they began to retreat out of line. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_23

The battalion went on to fight at the Battle of Buffalo in December 1813. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_24

At Buffalo, the men of the 2nd Battalion scored an early success when they drove off the American piquet at Conjunckaty Creek and captured the bridge and the battery there. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_25

The men of the 2nd Battalion also fought at the Battle of Longwoods in March 1814. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_26

They were less successful at Longwoods: Captain James Basden of the 2nd Battalion led a charge against the American position. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_27

As the British troops advanced towards a bridge, bunched into a column by the narrow road, the Americans poured a withering fire into them, mowing down the leading troops. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_28

After the British troops had crossed the bridge, Basden was wounded in the leg, and his men fell back into a ravine where the Americans fired on them from a height and inflicted heavy casualties. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_29

The men from the 2nd Battalion also saw action at the Battle of Lundy's Lane in July 1814 and the Siege of Fort Erie in August 1814 before embarking for home in June 1815. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_30

The Victorian era 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_3

The regiment, still in India, fought the Pindaris in 1817 and was deployed to Burma in 1824 for service in the First Anglo-Burmese War: it formed part of an army which advanced up the River Irrawaddy to the Kingdom of Ava. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_31

It returned to India arriving in Madras in 1826 and to England in 1831. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_32

It embarked for the West Indies in 1835 and went on to Canada before returning home in 1847. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_33

It sailed for Gibraltar in 1854 and then saw action at the Siege of Sevastopol in winter 1854 during the Crimean War. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_34

It transferred to the Cape Colony in 1855 to protect British interests there while the cattle-killing movement was at its height before embarking for India in 1857 to help suppress the Indian Rebellion. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_35

It returned home in August 1865 and became the 89th (The Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in May 1866. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_36

It returned to India in 1870 and was deployed to Rangoon in Burma in 1876 before going back to India in 1880. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_37

As part of the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, where single-battalion regiments were linked together to share a single depot and recruiting district in the United Kingdom, the 89th was linked with the 94th Regiment of Foot and assigned to district no. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_38

65 at Gough Barracks in Armagh. 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_39

On 1 July 1881 the Childers Reforms came into effect and the regiment amalgamated with the 87th (Royal Irish Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot to form the Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers). 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_40

Battle honours 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_4

Battle honours won by the regiment were: 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_41

89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_unordered_list_0

  • Napoleonic Wars: Egypt (Sphinx superscribed "Egypt"), Java89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_0_0
  • American war of 1812: Niagara89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_0_1
  • Anglo-Burmese Wars: Ava89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_0_2
  • Crimean War: Sevastopol89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_0_3

Colonels of the Regiment 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_5

Colonels of the Regiment were: 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_sentence_42

89th Regiment of Foot 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_6

89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_unordered_list_1

  • 1793–1795: Maj-Gen. William Crosbie89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_4
  • 1795–1797: Lt-Gen. Andrew Gordon89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_5
  • 1797: Lt-Gen Henry Bowyer89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_6
  • 1797–1801: Gen. Alexander Ross89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_7
  • 1801–1802: Gen. James Ogilvie89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_8
  • 1802–1806: Gen. Sir Eyre Coote, GCB, KC89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_9
  • 1806–1808: Lt-Gen. John Whitelocke89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_10
  • 1808–1818: Gen. Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_11
  • 1818–1823: Gen. Sir George Beckwith, GCB89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_12
  • 1823–1837: Gen. Sir Robert Henry MacFarlane, KCB, GCH89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_13
  • 1837–1857: Gen. Sir Charles Bulkeley Egerton, GCMG, KCH89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_14
  • 1857–1864: Gen. Charles George James Arbuthnot89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_15
  • 1864–1870: Gen. Charles Gascoyne89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_1_16

89th (The Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot- (1866) 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_section_7

89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_unordered_list_2

  • 1870–1874: Lt-Gen. Sir John Garvock, GCB89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_2_17
  • 1874: Maj-Gen. Caledon Richard Egerton89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_2_18
  • 1874–77: Lt-Gen. Lord Henry Hugh Manvers Percy, VC, KCB89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_2_19
  • 1878-1880: General Sir Henry de Bathe, 4th Baronet89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_2_20
  • 1880: General John Arthur Lambert89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot_item_2_21


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot.