|Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī|
|Title||Sayf as-Sunna ("Sword of the Prophetic way"), Imād al-Dīn ("Pillar of the Faith"), Nāsir al-Islām ("Protector of Islam")|
|Born||Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī
338/950 CE Basra
|Main interest(s)||Theology (Kalam), Philosophy, Logic, Islamic Jurisprudence|
|Notable work(s)||Kitāb al-Tamhīd, Kitāb I'jaz al-Qur'ān|
Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī (Arabic: أبو بكر محمد بن الطيب الباقلاني; c. 940 - 5 June 1013), often known as al-Bāqillānī for short, or reverentially as Imam al-Bāqillānī by Sunni Muslims, was a famous Sunni Islamic theologian, jurist, and logician who spent much of his life defending and strengthening orthodox Sunni Islam.
An accomplished rhetorical stylist and master orator, al-Baqillani was held in high regard by his contemporaries for his expertise in debating even the most complex of theological and jurisprudential issues.
Al-Baqillani is often given the honorary epithets Shaykh al-Sunna ("Doctor of the Prophetic Way"), Lisān al-Umma ("Mouthpiece of the Community"), Imād al-Dīn ("Pillar of the Faith"), Nāsir al-Islām ("Guardian of Islam"), and Sayf as-Sunna ("Sword of the Prophetic Way") in Sunni tradition.
After acquiring expertise in both Islamic theology and Maliki jurisprudence he expounding the teachings of the Ash'ari school, and taught Maliki jurisprudence in Baghdad.
al-Bāqillānī became a popular lecturer, and took part in debates with well-known scholars of the day.
Because of his logical acumen and swift, unhesitating replies, the Emir 'Adud al-Dawla dispatched him as an envoy to the Byzantine court in Constantinople and he debated Christian scholars in the presence of their king in 371/981.
He died in 403 AH/1013 CE.
He supported the doctrine of the apologetic miracle being proof of prophecy, the non-creation of the Quran, intercession, and the possibility of seeing God.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqillani.