Al-Baqillani

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Al-Baqillani_table_infobox_0

Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-BāqillānīAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_0_0
TitleAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_1_0 Sayf as-Sunna ("Sword of the Prophetic way"), Imād al-Dīn ("Pillar of the Faith"), Nāsir al-Islām ("Protector of Islam")Al-Baqillani_cell_0_1_1
PersonalAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_2_0
BornAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_3_0 Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī

338/950 CE BasraAl-Baqillani_cell_0_3_1

DiedAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_4_0 403/1013 CEAl-Baqillani_cell_0_4_1
ReligionAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_5_0 IslamAl-Baqillani_cell_0_5_1
DenominationAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_6_0 SunniAl-Baqillani_cell_0_6_1
JurisprudenceAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_7_0 MalikiAl-Baqillani_cell_0_7_1
CreedAl-Baqillani_header_cell_0_8_0 Ash'ariAl-Baqillani_cell_0_8_1
Main interest(s)Al-Baqillani_header_cell_0_9_0 Theology (Kalam), Philosophy, Logic, Islamic JurisprudenceAl-Baqillani_cell_0_9_1
Notable work(s)Al-Baqillani_header_cell_0_10_0 Kitāb al-Tamhīd, Kitāb I'jaz al-Qur'ānAl-Baqillani_cell_0_10_1

Abu Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ṭayyib al-Bāqillānī (Arabic: أبو بكر محمد بن الطيب الباقلاني‎; c. 940 - 5 June 1013), often known as al-Bāqillānī for short, or reverentially as Imam al-Bāqillānī by Sunni Muslims, was a famous Sunni Islamic theologian, jurist, and logician who spent much of his life defending and strengthening orthodox Sunni Islam. Al-Baqillani_sentence_0

An accomplished rhetorical stylist and master orator, al-Baqillani was held in high regard by his contemporaries for his expertise in debating even the most complex of theological and jurisprudential issues. Al-Baqillani_sentence_1

Al-Baqillani is often given the honorary epithets Shaykh al-Sunna ("Doctor of the Prophetic Way"), Lisān al-Umma ("Mouthpiece of the Community"), Imād al-Dīn ("Pillar of the Faith"), Nāsir al-Islām ("Guardian of Islam"), and Sayf as-Sunna ("Sword of the Prophetic Way") in Sunni tradition. Al-Baqillani_sentence_2

Born in Basra in 330 AH/950 CE, he spent most of his life in Baghdad, and studied theology under two disciples of al-Ash'ari, Ibn Mujahid al-Ta'i and Abu'l Hasan al-Bahili. Al-Baqillani_sentence_3

He also studied jurisprudence under the Maliki scholars Abu Abdullah al-Shirazi and Ibn Abi Zayd al-Qayrawani. Al-Baqillani_sentence_4

After acquiring expertise in both Islamic theology and Maliki jurisprudence he expounding the teachings of the Ash'ari school, and taught Maliki jurisprudence in Baghdad. Al-Baqillani_sentence_5

He held the office of chief Qadi in Baghdad and in 'Ukbara, a town not far from the capital. Al-Baqillani_sentence_6

al-Bāqillānī became a popular lecturer, and took part in debates with well-known scholars of the day. Al-Baqillani_sentence_7

Because of his logical acumen and swift, unhesitating replies, the Emir 'Adud al-Dawla dispatched him as an envoy to the Byzantine court in Constantinople and he debated Christian scholars in the presence of their king in 371/981. Al-Baqillani_sentence_8

He died in 403 AH/1013 CE. Al-Baqillani_sentence_9

He supported the doctrine of the apologetic miracle being proof of prophecy, the non-creation of the Quran, intercession, and the possibility of seeing God. Al-Baqillani_sentence_10

Ibn Taymiyya called al-Baqillani 'the best of the Ash'ari mutakallimun, unrivalled by any predecessor or successor'. Al-Baqillani_sentence_11


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Baqillani.