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This article is about the State of Arizona. Arizona_sentence_0

For other uses, see Arizona (disambiguation). Arizona_sentence_1


CountryArizona_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesArizona_cell_0_1_1
Before statehoodArizona_header_cell_0_2_0 Arizona TerritoryArizona_cell_0_2_1
Admitted to the UnionArizona_header_cell_0_3_0 February 14, 1912 (48th)Arizona_cell_0_3_1

(and largest city)Arizona_header_cell_0_4_0

Largest metroArizona_header_cell_0_5_0 Greater PhoenixArizona_cell_0_5_1
GovernorArizona_header_cell_0_7_0 Doug Ducey (R)Arizona_cell_0_7_1
Secretary of StateArizona_header_cell_0_8_0 Katie Hobbs (D)Arizona_cell_0_8_1
LegislatureArizona_header_cell_0_9_0 Arizona LegislatureArizona_cell_0_9_1
Upper houseArizona_header_cell_0_10_0 SenateArizona_cell_0_10_1
Lower houseArizona_header_cell_0_11_0 House of RepresentativesArizona_cell_0_11_1
JudiciaryArizona_header_cell_0_12_0 Arizona Supreme CourtArizona_cell_0_12_1
U.S. senatorsArizona_header_cell_0_13_0 Kyrsten Sinema (D)

Mark Kelly (D)Arizona_cell_0_13_1

U.S. House delegationArizona_header_cell_0_14_0 5 Democrats

4 Republicans (list)Arizona_cell_0_14_1

TotalArizona_header_cell_0_16_0 113,990 sq mi (295,234 km)Arizona_cell_0_16_1
Area rankArizona_header_cell_0_17_0 6thArizona_cell_0_17_1
LengthArizona_header_cell_0_19_0 400 mi (645 km)Arizona_cell_0_19_1
WidthArizona_header_cell_0_20_0 310 mi (500 km)Arizona_cell_0_20_1
ElevationArizona_header_cell_0_21_0 4,100 ft (1,250 m)Arizona_cell_0_21_1
Highest elevation (Humphreys Peak)Arizona_header_cell_0_22_0 12,637 ft (3,852 m)Arizona_cell_0_22_1
Lowest elevation (Colorado River at the Sonora border)Arizona_header_cell_0_23_0 72 ft (22 m)Arizona_cell_0_23_1
Population (2019)Arizona_header_cell_0_24_0
TotalArizona_header_cell_0_25_0 7,278,717Arizona_cell_0_25_1
RankArizona_header_cell_0_26_0 14thArizona_cell_0_26_1
DensityArizona_header_cell_0_27_0 57/sq mi (22/km)Arizona_cell_0_27_1
Density rankArizona_header_cell_0_28_0 33rdArizona_cell_0_28_1
Median household incomeArizona_header_cell_0_29_0 $56,581Arizona_cell_0_29_1
Income rankArizona_header_cell_0_30_0 29thArizona_cell_0_30_1
Demonym(s)Arizona_header_cell_0_31_0 ArizonanArizona_cell_0_31_1
Official languageArizona_header_cell_0_33_0 EnglishArizona_cell_0_33_1
Spoken languageArizona_header_cell_0_34_0 As of 2010Arizona_cell_0_34_1
Time zonesArizona_header_cell_0_35_0
Most of stateArizona_header_cell_0_36_0 UTC– 07:00 (Mountain)Arizona_cell_0_36_1
Navajo NationArizona_header_cell_0_37_0 UTC– 07:00 (Mountain)Arizona_cell_0_37_1
Summer (DST)Arizona_header_cell_0_38_0 UTC– 06:00 (MDT)Arizona_cell_0_38_1
USPS abbreviationArizona_header_cell_0_39_0 AZArizona_cell_0_39_1
ISO 3166 codeArizona_header_cell_0_40_0 US-AZArizona_cell_0_40_1
Traditional abbreviationArizona_header_cell_0_41_0 Ariz.Arizona_cell_0_41_1
LatitudeArizona_header_cell_0_42_0 31°20′ N to 37° NArizona_cell_0_42_1
LongitudeArizona_header_cell_0_43_0 109°03′ W to 114°49′ WArizona_cell_0_43_1
WebsiteArizona_header_cell_0_44_0 Arizona_cell_0_44_1


Arizona state symbolsArizona_header_cell_1_0_0
Living insigniaArizona_header_cell_1_1_0
AmphibianArizona_header_cell_1_2_0 Arizona tree frogArizona_cell_1_2_1
BirdArizona_header_cell_1_3_0 Cactus wrenArizona_cell_1_3_1
ButterflyArizona_header_cell_1_4_0 Two-tailed swallowtailArizona_cell_1_4_1
FishArizona_header_cell_1_5_0 Apache troutArizona_cell_1_5_1
FlowerArizona_header_cell_1_6_0 Saguaro cactus blossomArizona_cell_1_6_1
MammalArizona_header_cell_1_7_0 Ring-tailed catArizona_cell_1_7_1
ReptileArizona_header_cell_1_8_0 Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnakeArizona_cell_1_8_1
TreeArizona_header_cell_1_9_0 Palo verdeArizona_cell_1_9_1
Inanimate insigniaArizona_header_cell_1_10_0
ColorsArizona_header_cell_1_11_0 Blue, old goldArizona_cell_1_11_1
FirearmArizona_header_cell_1_12_0 Colt Single Action Army revolverArizona_cell_1_12_1
FossilArizona_header_cell_1_13_0 Petrified woodArizona_cell_1_13_1
GemstoneArizona_header_cell_1_14_0 TurquoiseArizona_cell_1_14_1
MineralArizona_header_cell_1_15_0 Fire agateArizona_cell_1_15_1
RockArizona_header_cell_1_16_0 Petrified woodArizona_cell_1_16_1
ShipArizona_header_cell_1_17_0 USS ArizonaArizona_cell_1_17_1
SloganArizona_header_cell_1_18_0 The Grand Canyon StateArizona_cell_1_18_1
SoilArizona_header_cell_1_19_0 Casa GrandeArizona_cell_1_19_1
State route markerArizona_header_cell_1_20_0
State quarterArizona_header_cell_1_21_0

Arizona (/ˌærɪˈzoʊnə/ (listen) ARR-iz-OH-nə; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. Arizona_sentence_2

It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. Arizona_sentence_3

It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Arizona_sentence_4

Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_5

Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest. Arizona_sentence_6

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912. Arizona_sentence_7

Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. Arizona_sentence_8

After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. Arizona_sentence_9

The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. Arizona_sentence_10

Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Arizona_sentence_11

Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. Arizona_sentence_12

There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. Arizona_sentence_13

In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the world's seven natural wonders, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments. Arizona_sentence_14

About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Arizona_sentence_15

Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley (1948). Arizona_sentence_16

Etymology Arizona_section_0

The state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring", which initially applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. Arizona_sentence_17

To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like Arissona. Arizona_sentence_18

The area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language. Arizona_sentence_19

Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona ("the good oak"), as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area. Arizona_sentence_20

A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería (village) of Arizona between 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c. 1737. Arizona_sentence_21

The misconception that the state's name originated from the supposedly Spanish term Árida Zona ("Arid Zone") is considered a case of folk etymology. Arizona_sentence_22

History Arizona_section_1

Main article: History of Arizona Arizona_sentence_23

Geography and geology Arizona_section_2

Main article: Geography of Arizona Arizona_sentence_24


Arizona is in the Southwestern United States as one of the Four Corners states. Arizona_sentence_25

Arizona is the sixth largest state by area, ranked after New Mexico and before Nevada. Arizona_sentence_26

Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km), approximately 15% is privately owned. Arizona_sentence_27

The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations. Arizona_sentence_28

Arizona is well known for its desert Basin and Range region in the state's southern portions, which is rich in a landscape of xerophyte plants such as the cactus. Arizona_sentence_29

This region's topography was shaped by prehistoric volcanism, followed by the cooling-off and related subsidence. Arizona_sentence_30

Its climate has exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. Arizona_sentence_31

The state is less well known for its pine-covered north-central portion of the high country of the Colorado Plateau (see Arizona Mountains forests). Arizona_sentence_32

Like other states of the Southwest United States, Arizona has an abundance of mountains and plateaus. Arizona_sentence_33

Despite the state's aridity, 27% of Arizona is forest, a percentage comparable to modern-day Romania or Greece. Arizona_sentence_34

The world's largest stand of ponderosa pine trees is in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_35

The Mogollon Rim, a 1,998-foot (609 m) escarpment, cuts across the state's central section and marks the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau. Arizona_sentence_36

In 2002, this was an area of the Rodeo–Chediski Fire, the worst fire in state history until 2011. Arizona_sentence_37

Located in northern Arizona, the Grand Canyon is a colorful, deep, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River. Arizona_sentence_38

The canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World and is largely contained in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States. Arizona_sentence_39

President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of designating the Grand Canyon area as a National Park, often visiting to hunt mountain lion and enjoy the scenery. Arizona_sentence_40

The canyon was created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, and is about 277 miles (446 km) long, ranges in width from 4 to 18 miles (6 to 29 km) and attains a depth of more than 1 mile (1.6 km). Arizona_sentence_41

Nearly two billion years of the Earth's history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateau uplifted. Arizona_sentence_42

Arizona is home to one of the most well-preserved meteorite impact sites in the world. Arizona_sentence_43

Created around 50,000 years ago, the Barringer Meteorite Crater (better known simply as "Meteor Crater") is a gigantic hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. Arizona_sentence_44

A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. Arizona_sentence_45

The crater itself is nearly a mile (1.6 kilometers) wide and 570 feet (170 m) deep. Arizona_sentence_46

Arizona is one of two U.S. states (Hawaii being the other) that do not observe Daylight Saving Time. Arizona_sentence_47

(The large Navajo Nation in the state's northeastern region does.) Arizona_sentence_48

Earthquakes Arizona_section_3

Generally, Arizona is at low risk of earthquakes, except for the southwestern portion which is at moderate risk due to its proximity to southern California. Arizona_sentence_49

On the other hand, northern Arizona is at moderate risk due to numerous faults in the area. Arizona_sentence_50

The regions near and west of Phoenix have the lowest risk. Arizona_sentence_51

The earliest Arizona earthquakes were recorded at Fort Yuma, on the California side of the Colorado River. Arizona_sentence_52

They were centered near the Imperial Valley, or Mexico, back in the 1800s. Arizona_sentence_53

Residents in Douglas felt the 1887 Sonora earthquake with its epicenter 40 miles (64 km) to the south in the Mexican state of Sonora. Arizona_sentence_54

The first damaging earthquake known to be centered within Arizona occurred on January 25, 1906, also including a series of other earthquakes centered near Socorro, New Mexico. Arizona_sentence_55

The shock was violent in Flagstaff. Arizona_sentence_56

In September 1910, a series of 52 earthquakes caused a construction crew near Flagstaff to leave the area. Arizona_sentence_57

In 1912, the year Arizona achieved statehood, on August 18, an earthquake caused a 50-mile crack in the San Francisco Range. Arizona_sentence_58

In early January 1935, the state experienced a series of earthquakes, in the Yuma area and near the Grand Canyon. Arizona_sentence_59

Arizona experienced its largest earthquake in 1959, with a tremor of a magnitude 5.6. Arizona_sentence_60

It was centered near Fredonia, in the state's northwest near the border with Utah. Arizona_sentence_61

The tremor was felt across the border in Nevada and Utah. Arizona_sentence_62

Adjacent states Arizona_section_4


Climate Arizona_section_5

Due to its large area and variations in elevation, the state has a wide variety of localized climate conditions. Arizona_sentence_63

In the lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters and extremely hot summers. Arizona_sentence_64

Typically, from late fall to early spring, the weather is mild, averaging a minimum of 60 °F (16 °C). Arizona_sentence_65

November through February are the coldest months, with temperatures typically ranging from 40 to 75 °F (4 to 24 °C), with occasional frosts. Arizona_sentence_66

About midway through February, the temperatures start to rise, with warm days, and cool, breezy nights. Arizona_sentence_67

The summer months of June through September bring a dry heat from 90 to 120 °F (32 to 49 °C), with occasional high temperatures exceeding 125 °F (52 °C) having been observed in the desert area. Arizona_sentence_68

Arizona's all-time record high is 128 °F (53 °C) recorded at Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994, and July 5, 2007; the all-time record low of −40 °F (−40 °C) was recorded at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971. Arizona_sentence_69

Due to the primarily dry climate, large diurnal temperature variations occur in less-developed areas of the desert above 2,500 ft (760 m). Arizona_sentence_70

The swings can be as large as 83 °F (46 °C) in the summer months. Arizona_sentence_71

In the state's urban centers, the effects of local warming result in much higher measured night-time lows than in the recent past. Arizona_sentence_72

Arizona has an average annual rainfall of 12.7 in (323 mm), which comes during two rainy seasons, with cold fronts coming from the Pacific Ocean during the winter and a monsoon in the summer. Arizona_sentence_73

The monsoon season occurs toward the end of summer. Arizona_sentence_74

In July or August, the dewpoint rises dramatically for a brief period. Arizona_sentence_75

During this time, the air contains large amounts of water vapor. Arizona_sentence_76

Dewpoints as high as 81 °F (27 °C) have been recorded during the Phoenix monsoon season. Arizona_sentence_77

This hot moisture brings lightning, thunderstorms, wind, and torrential, if usually brief, downpours. Arizona_sentence_78

These downpours often cause flash floods, which can turn deadly. Arizona_sentence_79

In an attempt to deter drivers from crossing flooding streams, the Arizona Legislature enacted the Stupid Motorist Law. Arizona_sentence_80

It is rare for tornadoes or hurricanes to occur in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_81

Arizona's northern third is a plateau at significantly higher altitudes than the lower desert, and has an appreciably cooler climate, with cold winters and mild summers, though the climate remains semiarid to arid. Arizona_sentence_82

Extremely cold temperatures are not unknown; cold air systems from the northern states and Canada occasionally push into the state, bringing temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) to the state's northern parts. Arizona_sentence_83

Indicative of the variation in climate, Arizona is the state which has both the metropolitan area with the most days over 100 °F (38 °C) (Phoenix), and the metropolitan area in the lower 48 states with the most days with a low temperature below freezing (Flagstaff). Arizona_sentence_84


Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in ArizonaArizona_table_caption_2
LocationArizona_header_cell_2_0_0 July (°F)Arizona_header_cell_2_0_1 July (°C)Arizona_header_cell_2_0_2 December (°F)Arizona_header_cell_2_0_3 December (°C)Arizona_header_cell_2_0_4
PhoenixArizona_cell_2_1_0 106/83Arizona_cell_2_1_1 41/28Arizona_cell_2_1_2 66/45Arizona_cell_2_1_3 19/7Arizona_cell_2_1_4
TucsonArizona_cell_2_2_0 100/74Arizona_cell_2_2_1 38/23Arizona_cell_2_2_2 65/39Arizona_cell_2_2_3 18/4Arizona_cell_2_2_4
YumaArizona_cell_2_3_0 107/82Arizona_cell_2_3_1 42/28Arizona_cell_2_3_2 68/46Arizona_cell_2_3_3 20/8Arizona_cell_2_3_4
FlagstaffArizona_cell_2_4_0 81/51Arizona_cell_2_4_1 27/11Arizona_cell_2_4_2 42/17Arizona_cell_2_4_3 6/−8Arizona_cell_2_4_4
PrescottArizona_cell_2_5_0 89/60Arizona_cell_2_5_1 32/16Arizona_cell_2_5_2 51/23Arizona_cell_2_5_3 11/−5Arizona_cell_2_5_4
KingmanArizona_cell_2_6_0 98/66Arizona_cell_2_6_1 37/19Arizona_cell_2_6_2 56/32Arizona_cell_2_6_3 13/0Arizona_cell_2_6_4

Demographics Arizona_section_6

Main article: Demographics of Arizona Arizona_sentence_85

The United States Census Bureau estimates Arizona's population was 7,278,717 on July 1, 2019, a 13.87% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Arizona_sentence_86

Arizona remained sparsely settled for most of the 19th century. Arizona_sentence_87

The 1860 census reported the population of "Arizona County" to be 6,482, of whom 4,040 were listed as "Indians", 21 as "free colored", and 2,421 as "white". Arizona_sentence_88

Arizona's continued population growth puts an enormous stress on the state's water supply. Arizona_sentence_89

As of 2011, 61.3% of Arizona's children under age one belonged to racial groups of color. Arizona_sentence_90

The population of metropolitan Phoenix increased by 45.3% from 1991 through 2001, helping to make Arizona the second fastest-growing state in the U.S. in the 1990s (the fastest was Nevada). Arizona_sentence_91

As of July 2018, the population of the Phoenix area is estimated to be over 4.9 million. Arizona_sentence_92

According to the 2010 United States Census, Arizona had a population of 6,392,017. Arizona_sentence_93

In 2010, illegal immigrants constituted an estimated 7.9% of the population. Arizona_sentence_94

This was the second highest percentage of any state in the U.S. Arizona has banned sanctuary cities. Arizona_sentence_95

Metropolitan Phoenix (4.7 million) and Tucson (1.0 million) are home to about five-sixths of Arizona's people (as of the 2010 census). Arizona_sentence_96

Metro Phoenix alone accounts for two-thirds of the state's population. Arizona_sentence_97

Race and ethnicity Arizona_section_7

In 1980, the Census Bureau reported Arizona's population as 16.2% Hispanic, 5.6% Native American, and 74.5% non-Hispanic white. Arizona_sentence_98

In 2010, the racial makeup of the state was: Arizona_sentence_99


  • 73.0% WhiteArizona_item_2_8
  • 4.6% Native American and Alaska NativeArizona_item_2_9
  • 4.1% Black or African AmericanArizona_item_2_10
  • 2.8% AsianArizona_item_2_11
  • 0.2% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific IslanderArizona_item_2_12
  • 11.9% from some other raceArizona_item_2_13
  • 3.4% from two or more races.Arizona_item_2_14

Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 29.6% of the state's population. Arizona_sentence_100

Non-Hispanic whites formed 57.8% of the total population. Arizona_sentence_101


Arizona racial breakdown of populationArizona_table_caption_3
Racial compositionArizona_header_cell_3_0_0 1970Arizona_header_cell_3_0_1 1990Arizona_header_cell_3_0_2 2000Arizona_header_cell_3_0_3 2010Arizona_header_cell_3_0_4
WhiteArizona_cell_3_1_0 90.6%Arizona_cell_3_1_1 80.8%Arizona_cell_3_1_2 75.5%Arizona_cell_3_1_3 73.0%Arizona_cell_3_1_4
NativeArizona_cell_3_2_0 5.4%Arizona_cell_3_2_1 5.5%Arizona_cell_3_2_2 5.0%Arizona_cell_3_2_3 4.6%Arizona_cell_3_2_4
BlackArizona_cell_3_3_0 3.0%Arizona_cell_3_3_1 3.0%Arizona_cell_3_3_2 3.1%Arizona_cell_3_3_3 4.1%Arizona_cell_3_3_4
AsianArizona_cell_3_4_0 0.5%Arizona_cell_3_4_1 1.5%Arizona_cell_3_4_2 1.8%Arizona_cell_3_4_3 2.8%Arizona_cell_3_4_4
Native Hawaiian and

other Pacific IslanderArizona_cell_3_5_0

Arizona_cell_3_5_1 Arizona_cell_3_5_2 0.1%Arizona_cell_3_5_3 0.2%Arizona_cell_3_5_4
Other raceArizona_cell_3_6_0 0.5%Arizona_cell_3_6_1 9.1%Arizona_cell_3_6_2 11.6%Arizona_cell_3_6_3 11.9%Arizona_cell_3_6_4
Two or more racesArizona_cell_3_7_0 Arizona_cell_3_7_1 Arizona_cell_3_7_2 2.9%Arizona_cell_3_7_3 3.4%Arizona_cell_3_7_4

Arizona's five largest ancestry groups, as of 2009, were: Arizona_sentence_102


  1. Mexican (27.4%);Arizona_item_3_15
  2. German (16.0%);Arizona_item_3_16
  3. Irish (10.8%);Arizona_item_3_17
  4. English (10.1%);Arizona_item_3_18
  5. Italian (4.6%).Arizona_item_3_19

Languages Arizona_section_8


Top 10 non-English languages spoken in ArizonaArizona_table_caption_4
LanguageArizona_header_cell_4_0_0 Percentage of population

(as of 2010)Arizona_header_cell_4_0_1

SpanishArizona_cell_4_1_0 20.8%Arizona_cell_4_1_1
NavajoArizona_cell_4_2_0 1.5%Arizona_cell_4_2_1
GermanArizona_cell_4_3_0 0.4%Arizona_cell_4_3_1
Chinese (including Mandarin)Arizona_cell_4_4_0 0.4%Arizona_cell_4_4_1
TagalogArizona_cell_4_5_0 0.3%Arizona_cell_4_5_1
VietnameseArizona_cell_4_6_0 0.3%Arizona_cell_4_6_1
Other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona)Arizona_cell_4_7_0 0.3%Arizona_cell_4_7_1
FrenchArizona_cell_4_8_0 0.3%Arizona_cell_4_8_1
ArabicArizona_cell_4_9_0 0.2%Arizona_cell_4_9_1
ApacheArizona_cell_4_10_0 0.2%Arizona_cell_4_10_1
KoreanArizona_cell_4_11_0 0.2%Arizona_cell_4_11_1

As of 2010, 72.9% (4,215,749) of Arizona residents age five and older spoke only English at home, while 20.8% (1,202,638) spoke Spanish, 1.5% (85,602) Navajo, 0.4% (22,592) German, 0.4% (22,426) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), 0.3% (19,015) Tagalog, 0.3% (17,603) Vietnamese, 0.3% (15,707) Other North American Indigenous Languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona), and French was spoken as a main language by 0.3% (15,062) of the population over the age of five. Arizona_sentence_103

In total, 27.1% (1,567,548) of Arizona's population age five and older spoke a mother language other than English. Arizona_sentence_104

Arizona is home to the largest number of speakers of Native American languages in the 48 contiguous states, as more than 85,000 individuals reported speaking Navajo, and 10,403 people reported Apache, as a language spoken at home in 2005. Arizona_sentence_105

Arizona's Apache County has the highest concentration of speakers of Native American Indian languages in the United States. Arizona_sentence_106

Cities and towns Arizona_section_9

See also: List of places in Arizona, List of cities and towns in Arizona, and List of Arizona counties Arizona_sentence_107

Phoenix, in Maricopa County, is Arizona's capital and largest city. Arizona_sentence_108

Other prominent cities in the Phoenix metro area include Mesa (Arizona's third largest city), Chandler (Arizona's fourth largest city), Glendale, Peoria, Buckeye, Sun City, Sun City West, Fountain Hills, Surprise, Gilbert, El Mirage, Avondale, Tempe, Tolleson and Scottsdale, with a total metropolitan population of just over 4.7 million. Arizona_sentence_109

The average high temperature in July, 106 °F (41 °C), is one of the highest of any metropolitan area in the United States, offset by an average January high temperature of 67 °F (19 °C), the basis of its winter appeal. Arizona_sentence_110

Tucson, with a metro population of just over one million, is the state's second-largest city. Arizona_sentence_111

Located in Pima County, approximately 110 miles (180 km) southeast of Phoenix, it was incorporated in 1877, making it the oldest incorporated city in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_112

It is home to the University of Arizona. Arizona_sentence_113

Major incorporated suburbs of Tucson include Oro Valley and Marana northwest of the city, Sahuarita south of the city, and South Tucson in an enclave south of downtown. Arizona_sentence_114

It has an average July temperature of 100 °F (38 °C) and winter temperatures averaging 65 °F (18 °C). Arizona_sentence_115

Saguaro National Park, just west of the city in the Tucson Mountains, is the site of the world's largest collection of Saguaro cacti. Arizona_sentence_116

The Prescott metropolitan area includes the cities of Prescott, Cottonwood, Camp Verde and many other towns in the 8,123 square miles (21,000 km) of Yavapai County area. Arizona_sentence_117

With 212,635 residents, this cluster of towns is the state's third largest metropolitan area. Arizona_sentence_118

The city of Prescott (population 41,528) lies approximately 100 miles (160 km) northwest of the Phoenix metropolitan area. Arizona_sentence_119

Situated in pine tree forests at an elevation of about 5,500 feet (1,700 m), Prescott enjoys a much cooler climate than Phoenix, with average summer highs around 88 °F (31 °C) and winter temperatures averaging 50 °F (10 °C). Arizona_sentence_120

Yuma is center of the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_121

Located in Yuma County, it is near the borders of California and Mexico. Arizona_sentence_122

It is one of the hottest cities in the United States, with an average July high of 107 °F (42 °C). Arizona_sentence_123

(The same month's average in Death Valley is 115 °F (46 °C).) Arizona_sentence_124

The city features sunny days about 90% of the year. Arizona_sentence_125

The Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 160,000. Arizona_sentence_126

Yuma attracts many winter visitors from all over the United States. Arizona_sentence_127

Flagstaff, in Coconino County, is the largest city in northern Arizona, and is at an elevation of nearly 7,000 feet (2,100 m). Arizona_sentence_128

With its large Ponderosa pine forests, snowy winter weather and picturesque mountains, it is a stark contrast to the desert regions typically associated with Arizona. Arizona_sentence_129

It is sited at the base of the San Francisco Peaks, the highest mountain range in the state of Arizona, which contain Humphreys Peak, the highest point in Arizona at 12,633 feet (3,851 m). Arizona_sentence_130

Flagstaff has a strong tourism sector, due to its proximity to numerous tourist attractions including: Grand Canyon National Park, Sedona, and Oak Creek Canyon. Arizona_sentence_131

Historic U.S. Arizona_sentence_132 Route 66 is the main east–west street in the town. Arizona_sentence_133

The Flagstaff metropolitan area is home to 134,421 residents and the main campus of Northern Arizona University. Arizona_sentence_134

Lake Havasu City, in Mohave County, known as "Arizona's playground", was developed on the Colorado River and is named after Lake Havasu. Arizona_sentence_135

Lake Havasu City has a population of about 53,000 people. Arizona_sentence_136

It is famous for huge spring break parties, sunsets and the London Bridge, relocated from London, England. Arizona_sentence_137

Lake Havasu City was founded by real estate developer Robert P. McCulloch in 1963. Arizona_sentence_138

It has two colleges, Mohave Community College and ASU Colleges in Lake Havasu City. Arizona_sentence_139

Religion Arizona_section_10

In 2010, the Association of Religion Data Archives reported that the three largest denominational groups in Arizona were the Catholic Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and non-denominational Evangelical Protestants. Arizona_sentence_140

The Catholic Church has the highest number of adherents in Arizona (at 930,001), followed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 410,263 members reported and then non-denominational Evangelical Protestants, reporting 281,105 adherents. Arizona_sentence_141

The religious body with the largest number of congregations is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (with 836 congregations) followed by the Southern Baptist Convention (with 323 congregations). Arizona_sentence_142

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives, the fifteen largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 and 2000 were: Arizona_sentence_143


ReligionArizona_header_cell_5_0_0 2010 PopulationArizona_header_cell_5_0_1 2000 PopulationArizona_header_cell_5_0_2
Catholic ChurchArizona_cell_5_1_0 930,001Arizona_cell_5_1_1 974,884Arizona_cell_5_1_2
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day SaintsArizona_cell_5_2_0 410,263Arizona_cell_5_2_1 251,974Arizona_cell_5_2_2
Non-denominational ChristianityArizona_cell_5_3_0 281,105Arizona_cell_5_3_1 63,885Arizona_cell_5_3_2
Southern Baptist ConventionArizona_cell_5_4_0 126,830Arizona_cell_5_4_1 138,516Arizona_cell_5_4_2
Assemblies of GodArizona_cell_5_5_0 123,713Arizona_cell_5_5_1 82,802Arizona_cell_5_5_2
United Methodist ChurchArizona_cell_5_6_0 54,977Arizona_cell_5_6_1 53,232Arizona_cell_5_6_2
Christian Churches and Churches of ChristArizona_cell_5_7_0 48,386Arizona_cell_5_7_1 33,162Arizona_cell_5_7_2
Evangelical Lutheran Church in AmericaArizona_cell_5_8_0 42,944Arizona_cell_5_8_1 69,393Arizona_cell_5_8_2
Lutheran Church–Missouri SynodArizona_cell_5_9_0 26,322Arizona_cell_5_9_1 24,977Arizona_cell_5_9_2
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)Arizona_cell_5_10_0 26,078Arizona_cell_5_10_1 33,554Arizona_cell_5_10_2
Episcopal Church (United States)Arizona_cell_5_11_0 24,853Arizona_cell_5_11_1 31,104Arizona_cell_5_11_2
Seventh-day Adventist ChurchArizona_cell_5_12_0 20,924Arizona_cell_5_12_1 11,513Arizona_cell_5_12_2
Church of the NazareneArizona_cell_5_13_0 16,991Arizona_cell_5_13_1 18,143Arizona_cell_5_13_2
Lutheran Congregations in Mission for ChristArizona_cell_5_14_0 14,350Arizona_cell_5_14_1 0Arizona_cell_5_14_2
Churches of ChristArizona_cell_5_15_0 14,151Arizona_cell_5_15_1 14,471Arizona_cell_5_15_2

Hinduism became the largest non-Christian religion (when combining all denominations) in 2010 with more than 32,000 adherents, followed by Judaism with more than 20,000 and Buddhism with more than 19,000. Arizona_sentence_144

Economy Arizona_section_11

See also: Economy of Arizona and Arizona locations by per capita income Arizona_sentence_145

The 2011 total gross state product was $259 billion. Arizona_sentence_146

This figure gives Arizona a larger economy than such countries as Ireland, Finland, and New Zealand. Arizona_sentence_147

The composition of the state's economy is moderately diverse; although health care, transportation and the government remain the largest sectors. Arizona_sentence_148

The state's per capita income is $40,828, ranking 39th in the U.S. Arizona_sentence_149

The state had a median household income of $50,448, making it 22nd in the country and just below the U.S. national mean. Arizona_sentence_150

Early in its history, Arizona's economy relied on the "five C's": copper (see Copper mining in Arizona), cotton, cattle, citrus, and climate (tourism). Arizona_sentence_151

Copper is still extensively mined from many expansive open-pit and underground mines, accounting for two-thirds of the nation's output. Arizona_sentence_152

Employment Arizona_section_12


  • Total employment (2016): 2,379,409Arizona_item_4_20
  • Total employer establishments (2016): 139,134Arizona_item_4_21

The state government is Arizona's largest employer, while Banner Health is the state's largest private employer, with more than 39,000 employees (2016). Arizona_sentence_153

As of August 2020, the state's unemployment rate was 5.9%. Arizona_sentence_154

The largest employment sectors in Arizona are (August 2020, Nonfarm Employment): Arizona_sentence_155


SectorArizona_header_cell_6_0_0 EmployeesArizona_header_cell_6_0_1
Trade, transportation, and utilitiesArizona_cell_6_1_0 553,300Arizona_cell_6_1_1
Education and health servicesArizona_cell_6_2_0 459,400Arizona_cell_6_2_1
GovernmentArizona_cell_6_3_0 430,400Arizona_cell_6_3_1
Professional and business servicesArizona_cell_6_4_0 419,200Arizona_cell_6_4_1
Leisure and hospitalityArizona_cell_6_5_0 269,400Arizona_cell_6_5_1
Financial activitiesArizona_cell_6_6_0 231,900Arizona_cell_6_6_1
ManufacturingArizona_cell_6_7_0 170,900Arizona_cell_6_7_1
ConstructionArizona_cell_6_8_0 169,900Arizona_cell_6_8_1
Other servicesArizona_cell_6_9_0 95,600Arizona_cell_6_9_1
InformationArizona_cell_6_10_0 46,100Arizona_cell_6_10_1
Mining and loggingArizona_cell_6_11_0 13,300Arizona_cell_6_11_1

Largest employers Arizona_section_13

According to The Arizona Republic, the largest private employers in the state as of 2019 were: Arizona_sentence_156


RankArizona_header_cell_7_0_0 CompanyArizona_header_cell_7_0_1 EmployeesArizona_header_cell_7_0_2 IndustryArizona_header_cell_7_0_3
1Arizona_cell_7_1_0 Banner HealthArizona_cell_7_1_1 44,718Arizona_cell_7_1_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_1_3
2Arizona_cell_7_2_0 Walmart Stores, Inc.Arizona_cell_7_2_1 34,071Arizona_cell_7_2_2 Discount retailerArizona_cell_7_2_3
3Arizona_cell_7_3_0 Kroger Co.Arizona_cell_7_3_1 20,530Arizona_cell_7_3_2 Grocery storesArizona_cell_7_3_3
4Arizona_cell_7_4_0 Wells Fargo & Co.Arizona_cell_7_4_1 16,161Arizona_cell_7_4_2 Financial servicesArizona_cell_7_4_3
5Arizona_cell_7_5_0 Albertsons Inc.Arizona_cell_7_5_1 14,500Arizona_cell_7_5_2 Grocery stores, retail drugstoresArizona_cell_7_5_3
6Arizona_cell_7_6_0 McDonald's Corp.Arizona_cell_7_6_1 13,000Arizona_cell_7_6_2 Food serviceArizona_cell_7_6_3
7Arizona_cell_7_7_0 CVS HealthArizona_cell_7_7_1 12,100Arizona_cell_7_7_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_7_3
8Arizona_cell_7_8_0 Raytheon Co.Arizona_cell_7_8_1 12,000Arizona_cell_7_8_2 DefenseArizona_cell_7_8_3
9Arizona_cell_7_9_0 HonorHealthArizona_cell_7_9_1 11,919Arizona_cell_7_9_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_9_3
10Arizona_cell_7_10_0 Dignity HealthArizona_cell_7_10_1 10,562Arizona_cell_7_10_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_10_3
11Arizona_cell_7_11_0 Intel Corp.Arizona_cell_7_11_1 10,400Arizona_cell_7_11_2 Semiconductor manufacturingArizona_cell_7_11_3
12Arizona_cell_7_12_0 Home Depot Inc.Arizona_cell_7_12_1 10,200Arizona_cell_7_12_2 Retail home improvementArizona_cell_7_12_3
13 (tie)Arizona_cell_7_13_0 JP Morgan Chase & Co.Arizona_cell_7_13_1 10,000Arizona_cell_7_13_2 Financial servicesArizona_cell_7_13_3
American AirlinesArizona_cell_7_14_0 10,000Arizona_cell_7_14_1 AirlineArizona_cell_7_14_2
15Arizona_cell_7_15_0 Tenet HealthcareArizona_cell_7_15_1 9,483Arizona_cell_7_15_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_15_3
16Arizona_cell_7_16_0 Bank of America Corp.Arizona_cell_7_16_1 9,200Arizona_cell_7_16_2 Financial servicesArizona_cell_7_16_3
17Arizona_cell_7_17_0 Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc.Arizona_cell_7_17_1 8,759Arizona_cell_7_17_2 MiningArizona_cell_7_17_3
18Arizona_cell_7_18_0 Bashas' SupermarketsArizona_cell_7_18_1 8,519Arizona_cell_7_18_2 Grocery storesArizona_cell_7_18_3
19Arizona_cell_7_19_0 Amazon.comArizona_cell_7_19_1 8,500Arizona_cell_7_19_2 Online ShoppingArizona_cell_7_19_3
20Arizona_cell_7_20_0 Target Corp.Arizona_cell_7_20_1 8,400Arizona_cell_7_20_2 Discount retailerArizona_cell_7_20_3
21Arizona_cell_7_21_0 Honeywell International Inc.Arizona_cell_7_21_1 7,792Arizona_cell_7_21_2 Aerospace manufacturingArizona_cell_7_21_3
22Arizona_cell_7_22_0 Circle K Corp.Arizona_cell_7_22_1 7,478Arizona_cell_7_22_2 Convenience storesArizona_cell_7_22_3
23Arizona_cell_7_23_0 Mayo FoundationArizona_cell_7_23_1 7,436Arizona_cell_7_23_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_23_3
24Arizona_cell_7_24_0 State FarmArizona_cell_7_24_1 7,200Arizona_cell_7_24_2 InsuranceArizona_cell_7_24_3
25Arizona_cell_7_25_0 UnitedHealthcareArizona_cell_7_25_1 7,194Arizona_cell_7_25_2 HealthcareArizona_cell_7_25_3

Taxation Arizona_section_14

Tax is collected by the Arizona Department of Revenue. Arizona_sentence_157

Arizona collects personal income taxes in five brackets: 2.59%, 2.88%, 3.36%, 4.24% and 4.54%. Arizona_sentence_158

The state transaction privilege tax is 5.6%; however, county and municipal sales taxes generally add an additional 2%. Arizona_sentence_159

The state rate on transient lodging (hotel/motel) is 7.27%. Arizona_sentence_160

The state of Arizona does not levy a state tax on food for home consumption or on drugs prescribed by a licensed physician or dentist. Arizona_sentence_161

However, some cities in Arizona do levy a tax on food for home consumption. Arizona_sentence_162

All fifteen Arizona counties levy a tax. Arizona_sentence_163

Incorporated municipalities also levy transaction privilege taxes which, with the exception of their hotel/motel tax, are generally in the range of 1-to-3%. Arizona_sentence_164

These added assessments could push the combined sales tax rate to as high as 10.7%. Arizona_sentence_165


SingleArizona_header_cell_8_0_0 Tax rateArizona_header_cell_8_0_1 JointArizona_header_cell_8_0_2 Tax rateArizona_header_cell_8_0_3
0 – $10,000Arizona_cell_8_1_0 2.59%Arizona_cell_8_1_1 0 – $20,000Arizona_cell_8_1_2 2.59%Arizona_cell_8_1_3
$10,000 – $25,000Arizona_cell_8_2_0 2.88%Arizona_cell_8_2_1 $20,001 – $50,000Arizona_cell_8_2_2 2.88%Arizona_cell_8_2_3
$25,000 – $50,000Arizona_cell_8_3_0 3.36%Arizona_cell_8_3_1 $50,001 – $100,000Arizona_cell_8_3_2 3.36%Arizona_cell_8_3_3
$50,000 – $150,001Arizona_cell_8_4_0 4.24%Arizona_cell_8_4_1 $100,000 – $300,001Arizona_cell_8_4_2 4.24%Arizona_cell_8_4_3
$150,001 +Arizona_cell_8_5_0 4.54%Arizona_cell_8_5_1 $300,001 +Arizona_cell_8_5_2 4.54%Arizona_cell_8_5_3

Transportation Arizona_section_15

Main article: Transportation in Arizona Arizona_sentence_166

Highways Arizona_section_16

Interstate highways Arizona_section_17

I-8 | I-10 | Future I-11 | I-15 | I-17 | I-19 | I-40 Arizona_sentence_167

U.S. routes Arizona_section_18

US 60 | US 64 | Historic US 66 | US 70 | Historic US 80 | US 89 | US 89A | US 91 | US 93 | US 95 | US 160 | US 163 | US 180 | US 191 Arizona_sentence_168

Main Interstate routes include I-17, and I-19 traveling north–south, I-8, I-10, and I-40, traveling east–west, and a short stretch of I-15 traveling northeast–southwest through the extreme northwestern corner of the state. Arizona_sentence_169

In addition, the various urban areas are served by complex networks of state routes and highways, such as the Loop 101, which is part of Phoenix's vast freeway system. Arizona_sentence_170

Public transportation, Amtrak, and intercity bus Arizona_section_19

See also: List of passenger train stations in Arizona Arizona_sentence_171

The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are served by public bus transit systems. Arizona_sentence_172

Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems. Arizona_sentence_173

Greyhound Lines serves Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff, Yuma, and several smaller communities statewide. Arizona_sentence_174

A light rail system, called Valley Metro Rail, was completed in December 2008; it connects Central Phoenix with the nearby cities of Mesa and Tempe. Arizona_sentence_175

In Tucson, the Sun Link streetcar system travels through the downtown area, connecting the main University of Arizona campus with Mercado San Agustin on the western edge of downtown Tucson. Arizona_sentence_176

Sun Link, loosely based on the Portland Streetcar, launched in July 2014. Arizona_sentence_177

Amtrak Southwest Chief route serves the northern part of the state, stopping at Winslow, Flagstaff, Williams and Kingman. Arizona_sentence_178

The Texas Eagle and Sunset Limited routes serve South-Central Arizona, stopping at Tucson, Maricopa, Yuma and Benson. Arizona_sentence_179

Phoenix lost Amtrak service in 1996 with the discontinuation of the Desert Wind, and now an Amtrak bus runs between Phoenix and the station in Maricopa. Arizona_sentence_180

Aviation Arizona_section_20

See also: List of airports in Arizona Arizona_sentence_181

Airports with regularly scheduled commercial flights include: Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix (the state's largest airport and the major international airport); Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS) in Tucson; Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport (IATA: AZA, ICAO: KIWA) in Mesa; Yuma International Airport (IATA: NYL, ICAO: KNYL) in Yuma; Prescott Municipal Airport (PRC) in Prescott; Flagstaff Pulliam Airport (IATA: FLG, ICAO: KFLG) in Flagstaff, and Grand Canyon National Park Airport (IATA: GCN, ICAO: KGCN, FAA: GCN), a small, but busy, single-runway facility providing tourist flights, mostly from Las Vegas. Arizona_sentence_182

Phoenix Sky Harbor is the world's 7th busiest airport in terms of aircraft movements and 17th for passenger traffic. Arizona_sentence_183

Other significant airports without regularly scheduled commercial flights include Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SCF, ICAO: KSDL) in Scottsdale, and Deer Valley Airport (IATA: DVT, ICAO: KDVT, FAA: DVT) home to two flight training academies and the nation's busiest general aviation airport. Arizona_sentence_184

Law and government Arizona_section_21

Main article: Government of Arizona Arizona_sentence_185

See also: Arizona Constitution, United States congressional delegations from Arizona, List of Arizona Governors, Political party strength in Arizona, and Arizona Revised Statutes Arizona_sentence_186

Capitol complex Arizona_section_22

The capital of Arizona is Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_187

The original Capitol building, with its distinctive copper dome, was dedicated in 1901 (construction was completed for $136,000 in 1900), when the area was a territory. Arizona_sentence_188

Phoenix became the official state capital with Arizona's admission to the union in 1912. Arizona_sentence_189

The House of Representatives and Senate buildings were dedicated in 1960, and an Executive Office Building was dedicated in 1974 (the ninth floor of this building is where the Office of the Governor is located). Arizona_sentence_190

The original Capitol building was converted into a museum. Arizona_sentence_191

The Capitol complex is fronted and highlighted by the richly landscaped Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza, named after Wesley Bolin, a governor who died in office in the 1970s. Arizona_sentence_192

The site also includes many monuments and memorials, including the anchor and signal mast from the USS Arizona (one of the U.S. Navy ships sunk in Pearl Harbor) and a granite version of the Ten Commandments. Arizona_sentence_193

State legislative branch Arizona_section_23

The Arizona Legislature is bicameral (like the legislature of every other state except Nebraska) and consists of a thirty-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives. Arizona_sentence_194

Each of the thirty legislative districts has one senator and two representatives. Arizona_sentence_195

Legislators are elected for two-year terms. Arizona_sentence_196

Each Legislature covers a two-year period. Arizona_sentence_197

The first session following the general election is known as the first regular session, and the session convening in the second year is known as the second regular session. Arizona_sentence_198

Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January and adjourns sine die (terminates for the year) no later than Saturday of the week in which the 100th day from the beginning of the regular session falls. Arizona_sentence_199

The President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, by rule, may extend the session up to seven additional days. Arizona_sentence_200

Thereafter, the session can be extended only by a majority vote of members present of each house. Arizona_sentence_201

The majority party is the Republican Party, which has held power in both houses since 1993. Arizona_sentence_202

The Democratic Party picked up several legislative seats in Arizona State House bringing Democratic Leader Charlene Fernandez one seat shy of a majority (31 to 29). Arizona_sentence_203

Arizona state senators and representatives are elected for two-year terms and are limited to four consecutive terms in a chamber, though there is no limit on the total number of terms. Arizona_sentence_204

When a lawmaker is term-limited from office, it is common for him or her to run for election in the other chamber. Arizona_sentence_205

The fiscal year 2006–07 general fund budget, approved by the Arizona Legislature in June 2006, was slightly less than $10 billion. Arizona_sentence_206

Besides the money spent on state agencies, it also included more than $500 million in income and property tax cuts, pay raises for government employees, and additional funding for the K–12 education system. Arizona_sentence_207

State executive branch Arizona_section_24


State of Arizona elected officialsArizona_cell_9_0_0
GovernorArizona_cell_9_1_0 Doug Ducey (R)Arizona_cell_9_1_1
Secretary of StateArizona_cell_9_2_0 Katie Hobbs (D)Arizona_cell_9_2_1
Attorney GeneralArizona_cell_9_3_0 Mark Brnovich (R)Arizona_cell_9_3_1
State TreasurerArizona_cell_9_4_0 Kimberley Yee (R)Arizona_cell_9_4_1
Superintendent of Public InstructionArizona_cell_9_5_0 Kathy Hoffman (D)Arizona_cell_9_5_1
State Mine InspectorArizona_cell_9_6_0 Joe Hart (R)Arizona_cell_9_6_1
Corporation CommissionerArizona_cell_9_7_0 Arizona_cell_9_7_1
Speaker of the HouseArizona_cell_9_8_0 Arizona_cell_9_8_1
House Democratic LeaderArizona_cell_9_9_0 Arizona_cell_9_9_1
President of the SenateArizona_cell_9_10_0 Arizona_cell_9_10_1
Senate Democratic LeaderArizona_cell_9_11_0 Arizona_cell_9_11_1

Arizona's executive branch is headed by a governor, who is elected to a four-year term. Arizona_sentence_208

The governor may serve any number of terms, though no more than two in a row. Arizona_sentence_209

Arizona is one of the few states that has no governor's mansion. Arizona_sentence_210

During their term the governors reside within their private residence, with executive offices housed in the executive tower at the state capitol. Arizona_sentence_211

The governor of Arizona is Doug Ducey (R). Arizona_sentence_212

Governor Jan Brewer assumed office in 2009 after Janet Napolitano had her nomination by Barack Obama for Secretary of Homeland Security confirmed by the United States Senate. Arizona_sentence_213

Arizona has had four female governors, more than any other state. Arizona_sentence_214

Other elected executive officials include the Secretary of State, State Treasurer, State Attorney General, Superintendent of Public Instruction, State Mine Inspector and a five-member Corporation Commission. Arizona_sentence_215

All elected officials hold a term of four years, and are limited to two consecutive terms (except the office of the State Mine Inspector, which is limited to four terms). Arizona_sentence_216

Arizona is one of five states that do not have a lieutenant governor. Arizona_sentence_217

The elected secretary of state is first in line to succeed the governor in the event of death, disability, resignation, or removal from office. Arizona_sentence_218

If appointed, the Secretary of State is not eligible and the next governor is selected from the next eligible official in the line of succession, including the attorney general, state treasurer and superintendent of public instruction. Arizona_sentence_219

Since 1977, four secretaries of state and one attorney general have succeeded to Arizona's governorship. Arizona_sentence_220

State judicial branch Arizona_section_25

The Arizona Supreme Court is the highest court in Arizona, consisting of a chief justice, a vice chief justice, and five associate justices. Arizona_sentence_221

Justices are appointed by the governor from a list recommended by a bipartisan commission, and must be sustained in office by election after the first two years following their appointment. Arizona_sentence_222

Subsequent sustaining elections occur every six years. Arizona_sentence_223

The supreme court has appellate jurisdiction in death penalty cases, but nearly all other appellate cases go through the Arizona Court of Appeals first. Arizona_sentence_224

The court has original jurisdiction in a few other circumstances, as outlined in the state constitution. Arizona_sentence_225

The court may declare laws unconstitutional if seated en banc. Arizona_sentence_226

The court meets in the Arizona Supreme Court Building at the capitol complex (at the southern end of Wesley Bolin Plaza). Arizona_sentence_227

The Arizona Court of Appeals, subdivided into two divisions, is the intermediate court in the state. Arizona_sentence_228

Division One is based in Phoenix, consists of sixteen judges, and has jurisdiction in the Western and Northern regions of the state, along with the greater Phoenix area. Arizona_sentence_229

Division Two is based in Tucson, consists of six judges, and has jurisdiction over the Southern regions of the state, including the Tucson area. Arizona_sentence_230

Judges are selected in a method similar to the one used for state supreme court justices. Arizona_sentence_231

Each county of Arizona has a superior court, the size and organization of which are varied and generally depend on the size of the particular county. Arizona_sentence_232

Counties Arizona_section_26

Arizona is divided into 15 counties, ranging in size from 1,238 square miles (3,210 km) to 18,661 square miles (48,330 km). Arizona_sentence_233


Arizona countiesArizona_header_cell_10_0_0
County nameArizona_header_cell_10_1_0 County seatArizona_header_cell_10_1_1 FoundedArizona_header_cell_10_1_2 2010 populationArizona_header_cell_10_1_3 Percent of totalArizona_header_cell_10_1_4 Area (sq. mi.)Arizona_header_cell_10_1_5 Percent of totalArizona_header_cell_10_1_6
ApacheArizona_cell_10_2_0 St. JohnsArizona_cell_10_2_1 February 24, 1879Arizona_cell_10_2_2 71,518Arizona_cell_10_2_3 1.12%Arizona_cell_10_2_4 11,218Arizona_cell_10_2_5 9.84%Arizona_cell_10_2_6
CochiseArizona_cell_10_3_0 BisbeeArizona_cell_10_3_1 February 1, 1881Arizona_cell_10_3_2 131,346Arizona_cell_10_3_3 2.05%Arizona_cell_10_3_4 6,219Arizona_cell_10_3_5 5.46%Arizona_cell_10_3_6
CoconinoArizona_cell_10_4_0 FlagstaffArizona_cell_10_4_1 February 18, 1891Arizona_cell_10_4_2 134,421Arizona_cell_10_4_3 2.10%Arizona_cell_10_4_4 18,661Arizona_cell_10_4_5 16.37%Arizona_cell_10_4_6
GilaArizona_cell_10_5_0 GlobeArizona_cell_10_5_1 February 8, 1881Arizona_cell_10_5_2 53,597Arizona_cell_10_5_3 0.84%Arizona_cell_10_5_4 4,796Arizona_cell_10_5_5 4.21%Arizona_cell_10_5_6
GrahamArizona_cell_10_6_0 SaffordArizona_cell_10_6_1 March 10, 1881Arizona_cell_10_6_2 37,220Arizona_cell_10_6_3 0.58%Arizona_cell_10_6_4 4,641Arizona_cell_10_6_5 4.07%Arizona_cell_10_6_6
GreenleeArizona_cell_10_7_0 CliftonArizona_cell_10_7_1 March 10, 1909Arizona_cell_10_7_2 8,437Arizona_cell_10_7_3 0.13%Arizona_cell_10_7_4 1,848Arizona_cell_10_7_5 1.62%Arizona_cell_10_7_6
La PazArizona_cell_10_8_0 ParkerArizona_cell_10_8_1 January 1, 1983Arizona_cell_10_8_2 20,489Arizona_cell_10_8_3 0.32%Arizona_cell_10_8_4 4,513Arizona_cell_10_8_5 3.96%Arizona_cell_10_8_6
MaricopaArizona_cell_10_9_0 PhoenixArizona_cell_10_9_1 February 14, 1871Arizona_cell_10_9_2 3,817,117Arizona_cell_10_9_3 59.72%Arizona_cell_10_9_4 9,224Arizona_cell_10_9_5 8.09%Arizona_cell_10_9_6
MohaveArizona_cell_10_10_0 KingmanArizona_cell_10_10_1 November 9, 1864Arizona_cell_10_10_2 200,186Arizona_cell_10_10_3 3.13%Arizona_cell_10_10_4 13,470Arizona_cell_10_10_5 11.82%Arizona_cell_10_10_6
NavajoArizona_cell_10_11_0 HolbrookArizona_cell_10_11_1 March 21, 1895Arizona_cell_10_11_2 107,449Arizona_cell_10_11_3 1.68%Arizona_cell_10_11_4 9,959Arizona_cell_10_11_5 8.74%Arizona_cell_10_11_6
PimaArizona_cell_10_12_0 TucsonArizona_cell_10_12_1 November 9, 1864Arizona_cell_10_12_2 980,263Arizona_cell_10_12_3 15.34%Arizona_cell_10_12_4 9,189Arizona_cell_10_12_5 8.06%Arizona_cell_10_12_6
PinalArizona_cell_10_13_0 FlorenceArizona_cell_10_13_1 February 1, 1875Arizona_cell_10_13_2 375,770Arizona_cell_10_13_3 5.88%Arizona_cell_10_13_4 5,374Arizona_cell_10_13_5 4.71%Arizona_cell_10_13_6
Santa CruzArizona_cell_10_14_0 NogalesArizona_cell_10_14_1 March 15, 1899Arizona_cell_10_14_2 47,420Arizona_cell_10_14_3 0.74%Arizona_cell_10_14_4 1,238Arizona_cell_10_14_5 1.09%Arizona_cell_10_14_6
YavapaiArizona_cell_10_15_0 PrescottArizona_cell_10_15_1 November 9, 1864Arizona_cell_10_15_2 211,033Arizona_cell_10_15_3 3.30%Arizona_cell_10_15_4 8,128Arizona_cell_10_15_5 7.13%Arizona_cell_10_15_6
YumaArizona_cell_10_16_0 YumaArizona_cell_10_16_1 November 9, 1864Arizona_cell_10_16_2 195,751Arizona_cell_10_16_3 3.06%Arizona_cell_10_16_4 5,519Arizona_cell_10_16_5 4.84%Arizona_cell_10_16_6
Totals: 15Arizona_cell_10_17_0 Arizona_cell_10_17_2 6,392,017Arizona_cell_10_17_3 Arizona_cell_10_17_4 113,997Arizona_cell_10_17_5 Arizona_cell_10_17_6

Federal representation Arizona_section_27

Arizona's two United States Senators are Kyrsten Sinema (D) and Mark Kelly (D). Arizona_sentence_234

Kelly succeeded Martha McSally who was appointed by Governor Doug Ducey following the resignation of Jon Kyl who himself was appointed by Ducey after the death of John McCain in late 2018. Arizona_sentence_235

As of the start of the 115th Congress, Arizona's representatives in the United States House of Representatives are Tom O'Halleran (D-1), Ann Kirkpatrick (D-2), Raul Grijalva (D-3), Paul Gosar (R-4), Andy Biggs (R-5), David Schweikert (R-6), Ruben Gallego (D-7), Debbie Lesko (R-8), and Greg Stanton (D-9). Arizona_sentence_236

Arizona gained a ninth seat in the House of Representatives due to redistricting based on Census 2010. Arizona_sentence_237

Political culture Arizona_section_28

See also: Elections in Arizona, Political party strength in Arizona, and United States presidential elections in Arizona Arizona_sentence_238

From statehood through the late 1940s, Arizona was primarily dominated by the Democratic Party. Arizona_sentence_239

During this time, the Democratic candidate for the presidency carried the state each election, the only exceptions being the elections of 1920, 1924 and 1928—all three were national Republican landslides. Arizona_sentence_240

In 1924, Congress had passed a law granting citizenship and suffrage to all Native Americans, some of whom had previously been excluded as members of tribes on reservations. Arizona_sentence_241

Legal interpretations of Arizona's constitution prohibited Native Americans living on reservations from voting, classifying them as being under "guardianship". Arizona_sentence_242

This interpretation was overturned as being incorrect and unconstitutional in 1948 by the Arizona Supreme Court, following a suit by World War II Indian veterans Frank Harrison and Harry Austin, both of the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation. Arizona_sentence_243

The landmark case is Harrison and Austin v. Laveen. Arizona_sentence_244

After the men were refused the opportunity to register in Maricopa County, they filed suit against the registrar. Arizona_sentence_245

The National Congress of American Indians, the Department of Justice, the Department of the Interior, and the American Civil Liberties Union all filed amicus curiae (friends of the court) briefs in the case. Arizona_sentence_246

The State Supreme Court established the rights of Native Americans to vote in the state; at the time, they comprised about 11% of the population. Arizona_sentence_247

That year, a similar provision was overturned in New Mexico when challenged by another Indian veteran in court. Arizona_sentence_248

These were the only two states that had continued to prohibit Native Americans from voting. Arizona_sentence_249

From the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 until 2020, the majority of state voters favored Republicans in presidential elections. Arizona_sentence_250

Arizona voted Republican in every presidential election from 1952 to 1992, with Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan winning the state by particularly large margins. Arizona_sentence_251

During this forty-year span, it was the only state not to be carried by a Democrat at least once. Arizona_sentence_252

Democrat Lyndon Johnson, in 1964, lost the state by less than 5,000 votes to Arizona Senator and native Barry Goldwater. Arizona_sentence_253

(This was the most closely contested state in what was otherwise a landslide victory for Johnson that year.) Arizona_sentence_254

Democrat Bill Clinton ended this streak in 1996, when he won Arizona by a little over two percentage points (Clinton had previously come within less than two percent of winning Arizona's electoral votes in 1992). Arizona_sentence_255

From 2000 until 2016, the majority of the state continued to support Republican presidential candidates by solid margins. Arizona_sentence_256

In the 2020 United States presidential election, Joe Biden again broke the streak by becoming the first Democratic presidential candidate to win Arizona since 1996. Arizona_sentence_257

Since the late 20th century, the Republican Party has also dominated Arizona politics in general. Arizona_sentence_258

The fast-growing Phoenix and Tucson suburbs became increasingly friendly to Republicans from the 1950s onward. Arizona_sentence_259

During this time, many "Pinto Democrats", or conservative Democrats from rural areas, became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and national level. Arizona_sentence_260

While the state normally supports Republicans at the federal level, Democrats are often competitive in statewide elections. Arizona_sentence_261

Two of the last six governors have been Democrats. Arizona_sentence_262

On March 4, 2008, Senator John McCain effectively clinched the Republican nomination for 2008, becoming the first presidential nominee from the state since Barry Goldwater in 1964. Arizona_sentence_263

Arizona politics are dominated by a longstanding rivalry between its two largest counties, Maricopa and Pima—home to Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. Arizona_sentence_264

The two counties have almost 75 percent of the state's population and cast almost 80 percent of the state's vote. Arizona_sentence_265

They also elect a substantial majority of the state legislature. Arizona_sentence_266

Maricopa County is home to almost 60 percent of the state's population, and most of the state's elected officials live there. Arizona_sentence_267

Before Joe Biden won Maricopa County in 2020, it had voted Republican in every presidential election since 1948. Arizona_sentence_268

This includes the 1964 run of native son Barry Goldwater; he would not have carried his home state without his 20,000-vote margin in Maricopa County. Arizona_sentence_269

Similarly, while McCain won Arizona by eight percentage points in 2008, aided by his 130,000-vote margin in Maricopa County. Arizona_sentence_270

In contrast, Pima County, home to Tucson, and most of southern Arizona have historically voted more Democratic. Arizona_sentence_271

While Tucson's suburbs lean Republican, they hold to a somewhat more moderate brand of Republicanism than is common in the Phoenix area. Arizona_sentence_272

Arizona rejected a same-sex marriage ban in a referendum as part of the 2006 elections. Arizona_sentence_273

Arizona was the first state in the nation to do so. Arizona_sentence_274

Same-sex marriage was not recognized in Arizona, but this amendment would have denied any legal or financial benefits to unmarried homosexual or heterosexual couples. Arizona_sentence_275

In 2008, Arizona voters passed Proposition 102, an amendment to the state constitution to define marriage as a union of one man and one woman. Arizona_sentence_276

It passed by a more narrow majority than similar votes in a number of other states. Arizona_sentence_277

In 2010, Arizona passed SB 1070, called the toughest illegal immigration legislation in the nation. Arizona_sentence_278

A fierce debate erupted between supporters and detractors of the law. Arizona_sentence_279

The United States Supreme Court heard arguments March 18, 2013, regarding the validity of the Arizona law, which requires individuals to show documents proving U.S. citizenship in order to register to vote in national elections. Arizona_sentence_280

The West Virginia teachers' strike in 2018 inspired teachers in other states, including Arizona, to take similar action. Arizona_sentence_281

Same-sex marriage and civil unions Arizona_section_29

In 2006, Arizona became the first state in the United States to reject a proposition, Prop 107, that would have banned same-sex marriage and civil unions. Arizona_sentence_282

However, in 2008, Arizona voters approved of Prop 102, a constitutional amendment that prohibited same-sex marriage but not other unions. Arizona_sentence_283

Prior to same-sex marriage being legal, the City of Bisbee became the first jurisdiction in Arizona to approve of civil unions. Arizona_sentence_284

The state's Attorney General at the time, Tom Horne, threatened to sue, but rescinded the threat once Bisbee amended the ordinance; Bisbee approved of civil unions in 2013. Arizona_sentence_285

The municipalities of Clarkdale, Cottonwood, Jerome, Sedona, and Tucson also passed civil unions. Arizona_sentence_286

A November 2011 Public Policy Polling survey found 44% of Arizona voters supported the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 45% opposed it and 12% were not sure. Arizona_sentence_287

A separate question on the same survey found 72% of respondents supported legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 40% supporting same-sex marriage, 32% supporting civil unions, 27% opposing all legal recognition and 1% not sure. Arizona_sentence_288

Arizona Proposition 102, known by its supporters as the Marriage Protection Amendment, appeared as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment on the November 4, 2008 ballot in Arizona, where it was approved: 56.2%–43%. Arizona_sentence_289

It amended the Arizona Constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman. Arizona_sentence_290

On October 17, 2014, Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne announced his office would no longer object to same-sex marriage, in response to a U.S. District Court Ruling on Arizona Proposition 102. Arizona_sentence_291

On that day, each county's Clerk of the Superior Court began to issue same-sex marriage licenses, and Arizona became the 31st state to legalize same-sex marriage. Arizona_sentence_292

Education Arizona_section_30

Elementary and secondary education Arizona_section_31

Public schools in Arizona are separated into about 220 local school districts which operate independently, but are governed in most cases by elected county school superintendents; these are in turn overseen by the Arizona State Board of Education and the Arizona Department of Education. Arizona_sentence_293

A state Superintendent of Public Instruction (elected in partisan elections every even-numbered year when there is not a presidential election, for a four-year term). Arizona_sentence_294

In 2005, a School District Redistricting Commission was established with the goal of combining and consolidating many of these districts. Arizona_sentence_295

Higher education Arizona_section_32

Arizona is served by three public universities: The University of Arizona, Arizona State University, and Northern Arizona University. Arizona_sentence_296

These schools are governed by the Arizona Board of Regents. Arizona_sentence_297

Private higher education in Arizona is dominated by a large number of for-profit and "chain" (multi-site) universities. Arizona_sentence_298

Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott and Prescott College are Arizona's only non-profit four-year private colleges. Arizona_sentence_299

Arizona has a wide network of two-year vocational schools and community colleges. Arizona_sentence_300

These colleges were governed historically by a separate statewide board of directors but, in 2002, the state legislature transferred almost all oversight authority to individual community college districts. Arizona_sentence_301

The Maricopa County Community College District includes 11 community colleges throughout Maricopa County and is one of the largest in the nation. Arizona_sentence_302

Public universities in Arizona Arizona_section_33


Private colleges and universities in Arizona Arizona_section_34

Community colleges Arizona_section_35

Art and culture Arizona_section_36

Visual arts and museums Arizona_section_37

See also: List of museums in Arizona Arizona_sentence_303

Phoenix Art Museum, on the historic Central Avenue Corridor in Phoenix, is the Southwest's largest collection of visual art from across the world. Arizona_sentence_304

The museum displays international exhibitions alongside the museum's collection of more than 18,000 works of American, Asian, European, Latin American, Western American, modern and contemporary art, and fashion design. Arizona_sentence_305

With a community education mandate since 1951, Phoenix Art Museum holds a year-round program of festivals, live performances, independent art films and educational programs. Arizona_sentence_306

The museum also has PhxArtKids, an interactive space for children; photography exhibitions through the museum's partnership with the Center for Creative Photography; the landscaped Sculpture Garden and dining at Arcadia Farms. Arizona_sentence_307

Arizona is a recognized center of Native American art, with a number of galleries showcasing historical and contemporary works. Arizona_sentence_308

The Heard Museum, also in Phoenix, is a major repository of Native American art. Arizona_sentence_309

Some of the signature exhibits include a full Navajo hogan, the Mareen Allen Nichols Collection containing 260 pieces of contemporary jewelry, the Barry Goldwater Collection of 437 historic Hopi kachina dolls, and an exhibit on the 19th century boarding school experiences of Native Americans. Arizona_sentence_310

The Heard Museum has about 250,000 visitors a year. Arizona_sentence_311

Sedona, Jerome, and Tubac are known as a budding artist colonies, and small arts scenes exist in the larger cities and near the state universities. Arizona_sentence_312

Film Arizona_section_38

See also: List of films shot in Arizona Arizona_sentence_313

Several major Hollywood films, such as Billy Jack, U Turn, Waiting to Exhale, Just One of the Guys, Can't Buy Me Love, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, The Scorpion King, The Banger Sisters, Used Cars, and Raising Arizona have been made there (as have many Westerns). Arizona_sentence_314

The 1993 science fiction movie Fire in the Sky, based on a reported alien abduction in the town of Snowflake, was set in Snowflake. Arizona_sentence_315

It was filmed in the Oregon towns of Oakland, Roseburg, and Sutherlin. Arizona_sentence_316

The 1974 film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, for which Ellen Burstyn won the Academy Award for Best Actress, and also starring Kris Kristofferson, was set in Tucson. Arizona_sentence_317

The climax of the 1977 Clint Eastwood film The Gauntlet takes place in downtown Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_318

The final segments of the 1984 film Starman take place at Meteor Crater outside Winslow. Arizona_sentence_319

The Jeff Foxworthy comedy documentary movie Blue Collar Comedy Tour was filmed almost entirely at the Dodge Theatre. Arizona_sentence_320

Some of Alfred Hitchcock's classic film Psycho was shot in Phoenix, the ostensible home town of the main character. Arizona_sentence_321

Some of the television shows filmed or set in Arizona include The New Dick Van Dyke Show, Medium, Alice, The First 48, Insomniac with Dave Attell, Cops, and America's Most Wanted. Arizona_sentence_322

The TV sitcom Alice, which was based on the movie was set in Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_323

Twilight had passages set in Phoenix at the beginning and the end of the film. Arizona_sentence_324

Music Arizona_section_39

Main article: Music of Arizona Arizona_sentence_325

Arizona is prominently featured in the lyrics of many Country and Western songs, such as Jamie O'Neal's hit ballad "There Is No Arizona". Arizona_sentence_326

George Strait's "Oceanfront Property" uses "ocean front property in Arizona" as a metaphor for a sucker proposition. Arizona_sentence_327

The line "see you down in Arizona Bay" is used in a Tool song in reference to the possibility (expressed as a hope by comedian Bill Hicks) that Southern California will one day fall into the ocean. Arizona_sentence_328

Glen Campbell, a notable resident, popularized the song "By The Time I Get To Phoenix". Arizona_sentence_329

"Arizona" was the title of a popular song recorded by Mark Lindsay. Arizona_sentence_330

Arizona is mentioned by the hit song "Take It Easy", written by Jackson Browne and Glenn Frey and performed by the Eagles. Arizona_sentence_331

Arizona is also mentioned in the Beatles' song "Get Back", credited to John Lennon and Paul McCartney; McCartney sings: "JoJo left his home in Tucson, Arizona, for some California grass." Arizona_sentence_332

"Carefree Highway", released in 1974 by Gordon Lightfoot, takes its name from Arizona State Route 74 north of Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_333

Arizona's budding music scene is helped by emerging bands, as well as some well-known artists. Arizona_sentence_334

The Gin Blossoms, Chronic Future, Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers, Jimmy Eat World, Caroline's Spine, and others began their careers in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_335

Also, a number of punk and rock bands got their start in Arizona, including JFA, The Feederz, Sun City Girls, The Meat Puppets, The Maine, The Summer Set, and more recently Authority Zero and Digital Summer. Arizona_sentence_336

Arizona also has many singers and other musicians. Arizona_sentence_337

Singer, songwriter and guitarist Michelle Branch is from Sedona. Arizona_sentence_338

Chester Bennington, the former lead vocalist of Linkin Park, and mash-up artist DJ Z-Trip are both from Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_339

One of Arizona's better known musicians is shock rocker Alice Cooper, who helped define the genre. Arizona_sentence_340

Maynard James Keenan, the lead singer of the bands Tool, A Perfect Circle, and Puscifer, calls the town of Cornville home. Arizona_sentence_341

Other notable singers include country singers Dierks Bentley and Marty Robbins, folk singer Katie Lee, Fleetwood Mac's Stevie Nicks, CeCe Peniston, Rex Allen, 2007 American Idol winner Jordin Sparks, and Linda Ronstadt. Arizona_sentence_342

Arizona is also known for its heavy metal scene, which is centered in and around Phoenix. Arizona_sentence_343

In the early to mid-1990s, it included bands such as Job for a Cowboy, Knights of the Abyss, Greeley Estates, Eyes Set To Kill, blessthefall, The Word Alive, The Dead Rabbitts, and Abigail Williams. Arizona_sentence_344

The band Soulfly calls Phoenix home and Megadeth lived in Phoenix for about a decade. Arizona_sentence_345

Beginning in and around 2009, Phoenix began to host a burgeoning desert rock and sludge metal underground, (ala' Kyuss in 1990s California) led by bands like Wolves of Winter, Asimov, and Dead Canyon. Arizona_sentence_346

American composer Elliott Carter composed his first String Quartet (1950–51) while on sabbatical (from New York) in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_347

The quartet won a Pulitzer Prize and other awards and is now a staple of the string quartet repertoire. Arizona_sentence_348

Sports Arizona_section_40

Main article: Sports in Arizona Arizona_sentence_349


ClubArizona_header_cell_11_0_0 SportArizona_header_cell_11_0_1 LeagueArizona_header_cell_11_0_2 ChampionshipsArizona_header_cell_11_0_3
Arizona CardinalsArizona_cell_11_1_0 American footballArizona_cell_11_1_1 National Football LeagueArizona_cell_11_1_2 2 (1925, 1947)Arizona_cell_11_1_3
Phoenix SunsArizona_cell_11_2_0 BasketballArizona_cell_11_2_1 National Basketball AssociationArizona_cell_11_2_2 0Arizona_cell_11_2_3
Arizona DiamondbacksArizona_cell_11_3_0 BaseballArizona_cell_11_3_1 Major League BaseballArizona_cell_11_3_2 1 (2001)Arizona_cell_11_3_3
Arizona CoyotesArizona_cell_11_4_0 Ice hockeyArizona_cell_11_4_1 National Hockey LeagueArizona_cell_11_4_2 0Arizona_cell_11_4_3
Arizona RattlersArizona_cell_11_5_0 Indoor footballArizona_cell_11_5_1 Indoor Football LeagueArizona_cell_11_5_2 6 (1994, 1997, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017)Arizona_cell_11_5_3
Phoenix Rising FCArizona_cell_11_6_0 SoccerArizona_cell_11_6_1 USL ChampionshipArizona_cell_11_6_2 0Arizona_cell_11_6_3
Phoenix MercuryArizona_cell_11_7_0 BasketballArizona_cell_11_7_1 Women's National Basketball AssociationArizona_cell_11_7_2 3 (2007, 2009, 2014)Arizona_cell_11_7_3
Tucson RoadrunnersArizona_cell_11_8_0 Ice hockeyArizona_cell_11_8_1 American Hockey LeagueArizona_cell_11_8_2 0Arizona_cell_11_8_3
Northern Arizona SunsArizona_cell_11_9_0 BasketballArizona_cell_11_9_1 NBA G LeagueArizona_cell_11_9_2 1Arizona_cell_11_9_3

State Farm Stadium hosted Super Bowl XLII on February 3, 2008, and Super Bowl XLIX on February 1, 2015. Arizona_sentence_350

The stadium is also scheduled to host Super Bowl LVII tentatively scheduled for February 5, 2023. Arizona_sentence_351

Due to its numerous golf courses, Arizona is home to several stops on the PGA Tour, most notably the Phoenix Open, held at the TPC of Scottsdale, and the WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship at the Ritz-Carlton Golf Club in Marana. Arizona_sentence_352

Auto racing is another sport known in the state. Arizona_sentence_353

Phoenix Raceway in Avondale is home to NASCAR race weekends twice a year. Arizona_sentence_354

Firebird International Raceway near Chandler is home to drag racing and other motorsport events. Arizona_sentence_355

College sports Arizona_section_41

College sports are also prevalent in Arizona. Arizona_sentence_356

The Arizona State Sun Devils and the Arizona Wildcats belong to the Pac-12 Conference while the Northern Arizona Lumberjacks compete in the Big Sky Conference and the Grand Canyon Antelopes compete in the Western Athletic Conference. Arizona_sentence_357

The rivalry between Arizona State Sun Devils and the Arizona Wildcats predates Arizona's statehood, and is the oldest rivalry in the NCAA. Arizona_sentence_358

The Territorial Cup, first awarded in 1889 and certified as the oldest trophy in college football, is awarded to the winner of the annual football game between the two schools. Arizona_sentence_359

Arizona also hosts several college football bowl games. Arizona_sentence_360

The Fiesta Bowl, originally held at Sun Devil Stadium, is now held at State Farm Stadium in Glendale. Arizona_sentence_361

The Fiesta Bowl is part of the new College Football Playoff (CFP). Arizona_sentence_362

University of Phoenix Stadium was also home to the 2007 and 2011 BCS National Championship Games. Arizona_sentence_363

State Farm Stadium hosted the Final Four of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2017 and is scheduled to host it again in 2024. Arizona_sentence_364

Baseball Arizona_section_42

Arizona is a popular location for Major League Baseball spring training, as it is the site of the Cactus League. Arizona_sentence_365

Spring training was first started in Arizona in 1947, when Brewers owner Veeck sold them in 1945 but went onto purchase the Cleveland Indians in 1946. Arizona_sentence_366

He decided to train the Cleveland Indians in Tucson and convinced the New York Giants to give Phoenix a try. Arizona_sentence_367

Thus the Cactus League was born. Arizona_sentence_368

On March 9, 1995, Arizona was awarded a franchise to begin to play for the 1998 season. Arizona_sentence_369

A $130 million franchise fee was paid to Major League Baseball and on January 16, 1997, the Diamondbacks were officially voted into the National League. Arizona_sentence_370

Since their debut, the Diamondbacks have won five National League West titles, one National League Championship pennant, and the 2001 World Series. Arizona_sentence_371

Miscellaneous topics Arizona_section_43

Notable people Arizona_section_44

For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from Arizona. Arizona_sentence_372


State symbols Arizona_section_45


See also Arizona_section_46


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: