Armando Peraza

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Armando Peraza_table_infobox_0

Armando PerazaArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_1_0
BornArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_2_0 (1924-05-30)May 30, 1924

Lawton Batista, Havana, CubaArmando Peraza_cell_0_2_1

DiedArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_3_0 April 14, 2014(2014-04-14) (aged 89)

San Francisco, CaliforniaArmando Peraza_cell_0_3_1

GenresArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_4_0 Jazz, Latin jazz, rock, popArmando Peraza_cell_0_4_1
Occupation(s)Armando Peraza_header_cell_0_5_0 MusicianArmando Peraza_cell_0_5_1
InstrumentsArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_6_0 Percussion, congas, bongosArmando Peraza_cell_0_6_1
Associated actsArmando Peraza_header_cell_0_7_0 Santana, George ShearingArmando Peraza_cell_0_7_1

Armando Peraza (May 30, 1924 – April 14, 2014) was a Latin jazz percussionist and a member of the rock band Santana. Armando Peraza_sentence_0

Peraza played congas, bongos, and timbales. Armando Peraza_sentence_1

Biography Armando Peraza_section_0

Early life Armando Peraza_section_1

Born in Lawton Batista, Havana, Cuba in 1924 (although the birth year is uncertain), he was orphaned by age 7 and lived on the streets. Armando Peraza_sentence_2

When he was twelve, he supported himself by selling vegetables, coaching boxing, playing semi-pro baseball, and becoming a loan shark. Armando Peraza_sentence_3

His music career began at seventeen when he heard at a baseball game that bandleader Alberto Ruiz was looking for a conga player. Armando Peraza_sentence_4

Ruiz's brother was on the same baseball team as Peraza. Armando Peraza_sentence_5

Despite the absence of experience in music, he practiced and won the audition. Armando Peraza_sentence_6

Moving to New York Armando Peraza_section_2

He left Cuba for Mexico in 1948 to tend to his sick friend, conga drummer Mongo Santamaría. Armando Peraza_sentence_7

They arrived in New York City in 1949. Armando Peraza_sentence_8

After playing in Machito's big band, Peraza was invited by Charlie Parker to participate in a recording session that included Buddy Rich. Armando Peraza_sentence_9

He recorded with Slim Gaillard in New York in November 1949 in a session that produced "Bongo City". Armando Peraza_sentence_10

He toured the U.S. with Gaillard's band until they reached San Francisco, where Gaillard owned the nightclub Bop City. Armando Peraza_sentence_11

After a period in Mexico, where he recorded with Perez Prado and did some soundtracks for the Mexican movie industry, he returned to the U.S. and settled in San Francisco. Armando Peraza_sentence_12

While on the West Coast, he worked with Dizzy Gillespie, toured extensively with Charles Mingus and Dexter Gordon, and played in California for Mexican farm workers with Puerto Rican actor and musician Tony Martinez (who played "Pepino" on the TV show The Real McCoys). Armando Peraza_sentence_13

Armando also led an Afro-Cuban dance review at the Cable Car Village club in San Francisco, attracting a clientele from Hollywood that included Errol Flynn, Marlon Brando, and Rita Hayworth. Armando Peraza_sentence_14

Working with Shearing and Tjader Armando Peraza_section_3

In 1954, while in San Francisco with pianist Dave Brubeck, Peraza met Cal Tjader, Brubeck's drummer at the time. Armando Peraza_sentence_15

Jazz critic Leonard Feather recommended Peraza to Fantasy Records to record an Afro-Cuban album with Tjader. Armando Peraza_sentence_16

The result was Ritmo Caliente, which combined Afro-Cuban rhythms with a jazz sensibility. Armando Peraza_sentence_17

He was introduced to British pianist George Shearing by bassist Al McKibbon. Armando Peraza_sentence_18

He spent the next twelve years with Shearing, a collaboration that put Peraza at the front of Afro-Cuban music. Armando Peraza_sentence_19

He emerged as a composer, writing and recording twenty-one songs for Shearing, such as "Mambo in Chimes", "Mambo in Miami", "Ritmo Africano", "Armando's Hideaway", "This is Africa", and "Estampa Cubana". Armando Peraza_sentence_20

These recordings were during the mambo craze in the U.S. and the world. Armando Peraza_sentence_21

Peraza's technique and power as a hand drummer became a feature of Shearing's performances. Armando Peraza_sentence_22

He toured all over the world with Shearing, but it was in America that he experienced persistent and institutionalized racism. Armando Peraza_sentence_23

In Miami during dates with Shearing and Peggy Lee in 1959, Peraza and black members of the band were prohibited from staying at the same hotel as the white musicians. Armando Peraza_sentence_24

Shearing and Lee resolved the situation by threatening to quit the performance unless Peraza and the others were allowed to stay at their hotel. Armando Peraza_sentence_25

Shearing's was one of the first racially integrated jazz groups. Armando Peraza_sentence_26

While with Shearing, Peraza had opportunity to play with the classical symphonies of Boston, Philadelphia, New York, and Oklahoma City. Armando Peraza_sentence_27

In 1959, Peraza joined Mongo Santamaría for the Mongo album with conga drummer Francisco Aguabella, another contemporary and friend of Peraza. Armando Peraza_sentence_28

"Afro-Blue" became a jazz standard after John Coltrane recorded it. Armando Peraza_sentence_29

The album combined with Yambo in the compilation Afro Roots in 1972. Armando Peraza_sentence_30

In the 1960s, Peraza was a member of Cal Tjader's band for six years. Armando Peraza_sentence_31

He was encouraged to perform and record in southern California by jazz drummer Shelly Manne. Armando Peraza_sentence_32

Peraza performed throughout the area at such venues as Shelly's Manne-Hole (owned Manne) and The Lighthouse in Hermosa Beach. Armando Peraza_sentence_33

A highlight was performing with the Stan Kenton Band at the Hollywood Bowl. Armando Peraza_sentence_34

Through his friendship with Manne, he was introduced to Judy Garland, who hired Peraza to play in her orchestra for The Judy Garland Show, a television series that ran from 1963 to 1964. Armando Peraza_sentence_35

In the fall of 1964, he recorded the album Soul Sauce with Tjader. Armando Peraza_sentence_36

The single "Guachi Guaro" won a Grammy Award in 1965. Armando Peraza_sentence_37

Although Peraza preferred being a featured performer to leading, he did record one solo album, Wild Thing (1968), for Skye, a label owned by Tjader, Gary McFarland, and Gábor Szabó. Armando Peraza_sentence_38

The album featured performances by pianist Chick Corea, saxophonist Sadao Watanabe, and flautist Johnny Pacheco. Armando Peraza_sentence_39

When rock music became popular in the 1960s, Peraza was the first Afro-Cuban percussionist to add conga drums to a rock track, notably on Harvey Mandel's Cristo Redentor album in 1968. Armando Peraza_sentence_40

Joining Santana Armando Peraza_section_4

In January 1972, at the age of 47, Peraza joined the rock band Santana and influenced the band in melding Afro-Cuban, jazz, rock, and blues. Armando Peraza_sentence_41

Peraza remained with Carlos Santana for nearly twenty years and played to millions of people around the world, partnering with percussionists José Areas, Mingo Lewis, Raul Rekow, and Orestes Vilató. Armando Peraza_sentence_42

He wrote or co-wrote sixteen songs recorded by Santana, such as "Gitano" from the album Amigos (1976) for which Peraza sang the lyrics. Armando Peraza_sentence_43

Peraza retired from Santana in 1990 at the age of 66, although traveled to Santiago de Chile for a 1992 concert with Santana in front of a crowd of over 100,000 people. Armando Peraza_sentence_44

In 2005 he appeared on a recording by John Santos, 20th Anniversary, which included "El Changüí de Peraza" with Peraza on bongos. Armando Peraza_sentence_45

In 2002, he returned to his native Cuba, his first trip there in over fifty years. Armando Peraza_sentence_46

In July 2006, Peraza, at 82 years of age, made a rare appearance with Santana for a three show performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. Armando Peraza_sentence_47

This was the first of a number of summer live appearances. Armando Peraza_sentence_48

Later he appeared at the San José Jazz Festival in California with the Julius Melendez Latin Jazz Ensemble. Armando Peraza_sentence_49

He taught drum clinics in California with Raul Rekow and Karl Perazzo, both members of Santana. Armando Peraza_sentence_50

He recorded with pianist Rebeca Mauleon on Descarga en California (Universal/Pimienta) and co-wrote a song on Cepeda Forever in honor of his friend, baseball player Orlando Cepeda. Armando Peraza_sentence_51

In 2007, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Voices of Latin Rock. Armando Peraza_sentence_52

The tribute show was held at Bimbo's nightclub in San Francisco and was attended by Carlos Santana, who presented Peraza with an award. Armando Peraza_sentence_53

Also attending and performing were members of the band Malo and a reunion of the original Santana band with José Areas, Mike Carabello, Gregg Rolie, and Michael Shrieve. Armando Peraza_sentence_54

Every January, the Voices of Latin Rock present the Armando Peraza Award for achievement in the San Francisco Bay Area. Armando Peraza_sentence_55

Peraza died of pneumonia on April 14, 2014 at the age of 89. Armando Peraza_sentence_56

Discography Armando Peraza_section_5

As leader Armando Peraza_section_6

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_0

  • Wild Thing (Skye, 1968)Armando Peraza_item_0_0

As sideman Armando Peraza_section_7

With Gato Barbieri Armando Peraza_sentence_57

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_1

  • Tropico (A&M, 1978)Armando Peraza_item_1_1

With Victor Feldman Armando Peraza_sentence_58

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_2

With Mongo Santamaria Armando Peraza_sentence_59

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_3

  • Mongo (Fantasy, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_3_3
  • Afro Roots (Prestige, 1989)Armando Peraza_item_3_4

With Santana Armando Peraza_sentence_60

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_4

With Patti Austin Armando Peraza_sentence_61

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_5

  • Patti Austin (Qwest Records, 1984)Armando Peraza_item_5_21

With George Shearing Armando Peraza_sentence_62

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_6

  • Shearing in Hi-Fi (MGM, 1955)Armando Peraza_item_6_22
  • George Shearing Caravan (MGM, 1955)Armando Peraza_item_6_23
  • An Evening with George Shearing (MGM, 1955)Armando Peraza_item_6_24
  • The Shearing Spell (Capitol, 1955)Armando Peraza_item_6_25
  • Velvet Carpet (Capitol, 1956)Armando Peraza_item_6_26
  • Latin Escapade (Capitol, 1956)Armando Peraza_item_6_27
  • Black Satin (Capitol, 1957)Armando Peraza_item_6_28
  • In the Night, George Shearing and Dakota Staton (Capitol, 1958)Armando Peraza_item_6_29
  • Burnished Brass (Capitol, 1958)Armando Peraza_item_6_30
  • Blue Chiffon (Capitol, 1958)Armando Peraza_item_6_31
  • Latin Lace (Capitol, 1958)Armando Peraza_item_6_32
  • George Shearing On Stage (Capitol, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_6_33
  • Latin Affair (Capitol, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_6_34
  • Beauty and the Beat! George Shearing and Peggy Lee (Capitol, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_6_35
  • On the Sunny Side of the Strip (Capitol, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_6_36
  • Satin Affair (Capitol, 1959)Armando Peraza_item_6_37
  • White Satin (Capitol, 1960)Armando Peraza_item_6_38
  • The Swingin's Mutual! George Shearing and Nancy Wilson (Capitol, 1961)Armando Peraza_item_6_39
  • Mood Latino (Capitol, 1962)Armando Peraza_item_6_40
  • San Francisco Scene (Capitol, 1962)Armando Peraza_item_6_41
  • Love Walked In George Shearing and The Montgomery Brothers (Jazzland, 1962)Armando Peraza_item_6_42
  • Rare Form! (Capitol, 1965)Armando Peraza_item_6_43
  • Latin Rendezvous (Capitol, 1965)Armando Peraza_item_6_44

With Linda Ronstadt Armando Peraza_sentence_63

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_7

  • Frenesí (Rhino Records, 1992)Armando Peraza_item_7_45

With Cal Tjader Armando Peraza_sentence_64

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_8

  • Ritmo Caliente! (Fantasy, 1955)Armando Peraza_item_8_46
  • Mas Ritmo Caliente (Fantasy, 1957)Armando Peraza_item_8_47
  • In a Latin Bag (Verve, 1961)Armando Peraza_item_8_48
  • Soul Sauce (Verve, 1965)Armando Peraza_item_8_49
  • Soul Bird: Whiffenpoof (Verve, 1965)Armando Peraza_item_8_50
  • Along Comes Cal (Verve, 1967)Armando Peraza_item_8_51
  • Latin + Jazz = Cal Tjader (DCC Jazz, 1990 - Recorded 1968)Armando Peraza_item_8_52
  • Cal Tjader Plugs In (Skye, 1969)Armando Peraza_item_8_53

With Randy Weston Armando Peraza_sentence_65

Armando Peraza_unordered_list_9

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Peraza.