Augusto De Marsanich

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Augusto De Marsanich_table_infobox_0

Augusto De MarsanichAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_0_0
Member of the Italian SenateAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_1_0
ConstituencyAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_2_0 RomeAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_2_1
Member of the Italian Chamber of DeputiesAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_3_0
ConstituencyAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_4_0 L'Aquila

RomeAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_4_1

President of the Italian Social MovementAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_5_0
Preceded byAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_6_0 Rodolfo GrazianiAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_6_1
Succeeded byAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_7_0 Gino BirindelliAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_7_1
Secretary of the Italian Social MovementAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_8_0
Preceded byAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_9_0 Giorgio AlmiranteAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_9_1
Succeeded byAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_10_0 Arturo MicheliniAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_10_1
Member of the Chamber of Fasces and CorporationsAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_11_0
ConstituencyAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_12_0 At-largeAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_12_1
Personal detailsAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_13_0
BornAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_14_0 (1893-04-13)13 April 1893

Rome, Kingdom of ItalyAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_14_1

DiedAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_15_0 (1973-02-10)10 February 1973

Rome, ItalyAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_15_1

NationalityAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_16_0 ItalianAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_16_1
Political partyAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_17_0 National Fascist Party

(1921–1943) Italian Social Movement (1946–1973)Augusto De Marsanich_cell_0_17_1

ProfessionAugusto De Marsanich_header_cell_0_18_0 Journalist, managerAugusto De Marsanich_cell_0_18_1

Augusto De Marsanich (13 April 1893 – 10 February 1973) was an Italian fascist politician and the second leader of the Italian Social Movement (MSI). Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_0

Early years Augusto De Marsanich_section_0

De Marsanich was born in Rome. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_1

He enlisted in the Italian Army in 1916 and saw active service in the First World War. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_2

After leaving the army he became involved in politics and joined the National Fascist Party in 1920. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_3

He was a journalist by profession and worked for La Stampa most notably. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_4

Under the fascists Augusto De Marsanich_section_1

Although he did not achieve high office, De Marsanich held a number of positions within the fascist movement. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_5

He served as a director of the local party in Latium and Sabine from 1927 to 1929, briefly serving as a member of the Fascist Grand Council in the latter year. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_6

1929 also saw him take a seat in the Chamber of Deputies, where he remained a member until 1943. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_7

Seen as something of a bureaucrat, he variously served with the Syndical Office, as head of the party's Legal Office, President of the Syndical Confederation of Commerce and Vice-President of the Corporation for the Building Trades. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_8

He served as under-secretary of communications from 1935 to 1943 and also represented Italy at the League of Nations during the Ethiopia crisis. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_9

He also was a regular contributor to a number of fascist journals, notably Giuseppe Bottai's Critica Fascista and served as a director of the fascist monthly Il Lavoro Fascista. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_10

As the maternal uncle of novelist Alberto Moravia De Marsanich helped to ensure that he enjoyed the patronage of Benito Mussolini's government. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_11

He continued to hold a number of positions in the Italian Social Republic, most notably acting as Assistant Postmaster-General, as well as serving as chairman of both the Banco di Roma and Alfa Romeo. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_12

Within the Salo Republic he largely belonged to the moderate tendency that cautioned against the growing atmosphere of violence and the pervading influence of Nazism. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_13

Post-war activity Augusto De Marsanich_section_2

De Marsanich joined the MSI after the Second World War and was part of the more moderate tendency with the party. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_14

He became leader in 1950 and under his leadership the MSI became more fully committed to the parliamentary route to government and he even sought alliances with other parties, including Christian Democracy, the Italian Liberal Party and the Monarchist National Party. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_15

In his attempts to form a united front of anti-communism he was frustrated by more hard-line fascist loyalists such as Giorgio Almirante. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_16

In his capacity as MSI leader De Marsanich also served as part of the four man leadership of the European Social Movement (ESM), along with Per Engdahl, Maurice Bardèche and Karl-Heinz Priester. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_17

His commitment to moderation in the MSI was frequently at odds with his enthusiastic support for the ESM, a group that contained several leading neo-Nazi activists. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_18

He was succeeded as leader by fellow moderate Arturo Michelini in 1954, although he continued to be a leading MSI figure as national secretary. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_19

He was again elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1953 and the Italian Senate in 1968. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_20

He was also unsuccessful candidate for the President of Italy in 1964. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_21

In 1971 the veteran De Marsanich was appointed to President of the MSI, having previously been made honorary Vice-President in 1955. Augusto De Marsanich_sentence_22

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: De Marsanich.