Augusto De Marsanich
|Augusto De Marsanich|
|Member of the Italian Senate|
|Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies|
|President of the Italian Social Movement|
|Preceded by||Rodolfo Graziani|
|Succeeded by||Gino Birindelli|
|Secretary of the Italian Social Movement|
|Preceded by||Giorgio Almirante|
|Succeeded by||Arturo Michelini|
|Member of the Chamber of Fasces and Corporations|
|Born||(1893-04-13)13 April 1893|
|Died||(1973-02-10)10 February 1973
|Political party||National Fascist Party
(1921–1943) Italian Social Movement (1946–1973)
De Marsanich was born in Rome.
After leaving the army he became involved in politics and joined the National Fascist Party in 1920.
He was a journalist by profession and worked for La Stampa most notably.
Under the fascists
Although he did not achieve high office, De Marsanich held a number of positions within the fascist movement.
He served as a director of the local party in Latium and Sabine from 1927 to 1929, briefly serving as a member of the Fascist Grand Council in the latter year.
1929 also saw him take a seat in the Chamber of Deputies, where he remained a member until 1943.
Seen as something of a bureaucrat, he variously served with the Syndical Office, as head of the party's Legal Office, President of the Syndical Confederation of Commerce and Vice-President of the Corporation for the Building Trades.
He continued to hold a number of positions in the Italian Social Republic, most notably acting as Assistant Postmaster-General, as well as serving as chairman of both the Banco di Roma and Alfa Romeo.
Within the Salo Republic he largely belonged to the moderate tendency that cautioned against the growing atmosphere of violence and the pervading influence of Nazism.
De Marsanich joined the MSI after the Second World War and was part of the more moderate tendency with the party.
He became leader in 1950 and under his leadership the MSI became more fully committed to the parliamentary route to government and he even sought alliances with other parties, including Christian Democracy, the Italian Liberal Party and the Monarchist National Party.
His commitment to moderation in the MSI was frequently at odds with his enthusiastic support for the ESM, a group that contained several leading neo-Nazi activists.
He was succeeded as leader by fellow moderate Arturo Michelini in 1954, although he continued to be a leading MSI figure as national secretary.
He was also unsuccessful candidate for the President of Italy in 1964.
In 1971 the veteran De Marsanich was appointed to President of the MSI, having previously been made honorary Vice-President in 1955.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto De Marsanich.