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Stylistic originsAvant-funk_header_cell_0_1_0 Avant-funk_cell_0_1_1
Cultural originsAvant-funk_header_cell_0_2_0 1960s, United Kingdom and United StatesAvant-funk_cell_0_2_1
Derivative formsAvant-funk_header_cell_0_3_0 House, drum and bassAvant-funk_cell_0_3_1
Other topicsAvant-funk_header_cell_0_4_0

Avant-funk is a music style in which artists combine funk rhythms with an avant-garde or art rock mentality. Avant-funk_sentence_0

Its most prominent era occurred in the late 1970s among post-punk acts who embraced black dance styles. Avant-funk_sentence_1

Characteristics Avant-funk_section_0

Critic Simon Reynolds described avant-funk as "difficult dance music" and a kind of psychedelia in which "oblivion was to be attained not through rising above the body, rather through immersion in the physical, self loss through animalism." Avant-funk_sentence_2

Simon Frith described avant-funk as an application of progressive rock mentality to rhythm rather than melody and harmony. Avant-funk_sentence_3

Some motifs of the style in the 1970s and 1980s included "Eurodisco rhythms; synthesizers used to generate not pristine, hygienic textures, but poisonous, noisome filth; Burroughscut-up technique applied to found voices." Avant-funk_sentence_4

History Avant-funk_section_1

Early acts who have retrospectively been described with the term include German krautrock band Can, American funk artists Sly Stone and George Clinton, and jazz trumpeter Miles Davis. Avant-funk_sentence_5

Herbie Hancock's 1972 album Sextant was called an "uncompromising avant-funk masterpiece" by Paste. Avant-funk_sentence_6

Jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman led the avant-funk band Prime Time in the 1970s and 1980s. Avant-funk_sentence_7

Guitarist James "Blood" Ulmer, who performed with Coleman in the 1970s, was described by The New Yorker as "one of avant-funk's masters." Avant-funk_sentence_8

According to Reynolds, a pioneering wave of avant-funk artists came in the late 1970s, when post-punk artists (including Public Image Ltd, Liquid Liquid, and James Chance, as well as Cabaret Voltaire, Talking Heads, The Pop Group, DAF, A Certain Ratio, and 23 Skidoo) embraced black dance music styles such as funk and disco. Avant-funk_sentence_9

Reynolds noted these artists' preoccupations with issues such as alienation, repression and the technocracy of Western modernity. Avant-funk_sentence_10

The artists of the late 1970s New York no wave scene also explored avant-funk, influenced by Ornette Coleman. Avant-funk_sentence_11

Later groups such as Skinny Puppy, Chakk, 400 Blows represented later waves of the style. Avant-funk_sentence_12

By the mid 1980s, it had dissipated, with many of its practitioners becoming a part of the UK's first wave of house music. Avant-funk_sentence_13

Avant-funk would go on to influence '90s drum and bass producers such as 4hero and A Guy Called Gerald. Avant-funk_sentence_14

See also Avant-funk_section_2


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avant-funk.