Axé (music)

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Axé (music)_table_infobox_0

AxéAxé (music)_header_cell_0_0_0
Native nameAxé (music)_header_cell_0_1_0 àṣẹAxé (music)_cell_0_1_1
EtymologyAxé (music)_header_cell_0_2_0 soul, light, spiritAxé (music)_cell_0_2_1

Axé (Portuguese pronunciation: [aˈʃɛ) is a popular music genre originated in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil in the 1980s, fusing different Afro-Caribbean genres, such as marcha, reggae, and calypso. Axé (music)_sentence_0

It also includes influences of Brazilian music such as frevo, forró and carixada. Axé (music)_sentence_1

The word Axé comes from the Yoruba term àṣẹ, meaning “soul, light, spirit or good vibrations”. Axé (music)_sentence_2

Axé is also present in the Candomblé religion, as “the imagined spiritual power and energy bestowed upon practitioners by the pantheon of orixás”. Axé (music)_sentence_3

Roots and History of Axé Axé (music)_section_0

Numerous different African cultures were brought to Brazil due to slavery, which lead to the creation of the vibrancy and complexity of Brazil and its culture. Axé (music)_sentence_4

Therefore, several of Brazil's popular music styles have derived from African cultures and African diasporic influences, including samba, lambada, funk and axé. Axé (music)_sentence_5

There is a tendency by Brazilian musicians to draw inspiration and utilize themes, imagery and symbolic symbols from the Candomblé religion and its African roots. Axé (music)_sentence_6

Artists such as Gilberto Gil, Vinicius de Moraes, Caetano Veloso, Sergio Mendes, Daniela Mercury, Carlinhos Brown, among others, have all used African culture, religion and symbols as inspirations and lyrics of their songs. Axé (music)_sentence_7

Axé was a fusion of African and Caribbean styles such as merengue, salsa and reggae, as well as being influenced by other Afro-Brazilian musical styles such as frevo and forró. Axé (music)_sentence_8

Axé music was labeled in 1980s, but it was already noticeable in the 50s with the incorporation of the “guitarra baiana” (guitar from Bahia). Axé (music)_sentence_9

This genre was purely instrumental, and remained so until the 1970s, when Moraes Moreira (of the band Novos Baianos) went solo. Axé (music)_sentence_10

Ilê Aiyê women symbolic of the Afro-Brazilian culture and community in Salvador, Bahia.|334x334px] In 1974, carnival in Salvador, Bahia began taking shape. Axé (music)_sentence_11

A group of Afro-Brazilians civil rights activists formed Ilê Aiyê, a music ensemble that derived their heavy rhythm from Candomblé’s religious ceremonies. Axé (music)_sentence_12

Quickly, Ilê Aiyê gained a huge following, allowing them to influence other artists to incorporate the samba-reggae style and the heavy beats to their music. Axé (music)_sentence_13

Groups such as Timbalada, Olodum and Filhos de Gandhi also shared the heavy beats and rhythms with Ilê Aiyê, as well as utilizing African symbols such as typical outfits and instruments that all these bands use to perform. Axé (music)_sentence_14

Olodum's rehearsals soon became a starting point for up and coming artists, composers, and music. Axé (music)_sentence_15

In these rehearsals, artists presented and experimented with their music, in search for legitimacy from the population. Axé (music)_sentence_16

In 1985 Luiz Caldas released his LP record called Magia, which included the track Fricote. Axé (music)_sentence_17

Although the lyrics were not complex, the rhythm was perfect for the climate in Bahia. Axé (music)_sentence_18

The song became the representation of the entertainment of Bahia's musicality. Axé (music)_sentence_19

Popularity Axé (music)_section_1

When Daniela Mercury released O Canto da Cidade in 1992, axé entered the mainstream pop music scene and became one of the most popular genres in Brazil. Axé (music)_sentence_20

The song remained in the first position in the charts for months and ended up becoming an anthem for the people in Brazil. Axé (music)_sentence_21

O Canto da Cidade opened doors for artists and bands such as Cheiro de Amor, Asa de Águia, Chiclete com Banana and Banda Eva, who launched Ivete Sangalo and led her to embark in her solo career. Axé (music)_sentence_22

These bands are still relevant in Brazilian music scene, and still spreads the axé genre across the country and throughout the world. Axé (music)_sentence_23

Two years prior to Daniela Mercury's success, the American and European released Margareth Menezes' Elegibô, which took the style to international audiences. Axé (music)_sentence_24

Axé Today Axé (music)_section_2

Currently, the biggest axé music star is Ivete Sangalo. Axé (music)_sentence_25

Axé Bahia is a six-member eurodance/axé music group from Brazil. Axé (music)_sentence_26

They achieved fame in South America with their single "Beijo na Boca", and was also extremely popular in the Spanish-language version, "Beso en la Boca". Axé (music)_sentence_27

International Exposure of Axé Axé (music)_section_3

A notable moment in axé's history was Ivete Sangalo's success in the United States. Axé (music)_sentence_28

After selling out 70,000 capacity soccer stadiums in Brazil, Ivete Sangalo sold out Madison Square Garden in 2010. Axé (music)_sentence_29

In an interview before her MSG concert, she affirmed that, "When I started in Brazil, I was also unknown, and Brazil is a gigantic place with lots of talent. Axé (music)_sentence_30

I haven't come here with the pretension of being well known, but what I've come do to here, I've come to do right". Axé (music)_sentence_31

In this concert, she was able to bring to the United States a "mini-version of Carnaval". Axé (music)_sentence_32

Ivete Sangalo is the only artist to have participated in all editions of the concert Rock in Rio Lisbon, as well as participating in Rock in Rio Brazil, Spain and United States. Axé (music)_sentence_33

Another remarkable instance for axé music was when Michael Jackson recorded his 1996 hit They Don't Really Care About Us in Bahia. Axé (music)_sentence_34

Spike Lee directed the video clip for this song, and the video clip was filmed in the historical neighborhood of Pelourinho in Salvador, Bahia, and in a favela in Rio de Janeiro. Axé (music)_sentence_35

Michael Jackson collaborated with Olodum in this video, which featured 200 members of the band playing their different kinds of drums to Salvador's samba-reggae music. Axé (music)_sentence_36

Due to this video, Olodum was exposed to 140 countries, increasing the outreach of the Afro-Brazilian samba-reggae music. Axé (music)_sentence_37


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axé (music).