Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

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Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_table_infobox_0

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы (Azerbaijani) Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика (Russian)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_0_0

StatusAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_1_0 Independent state (1920–1922)

Part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (1922–1936) Union republic (1936–1991) De facto sovereign entity (1989–1991)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_1_1

CapitalAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_2_0 BakuAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_2_1
Common languagesAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_3_0 Official languages:

Azerbaijani · Russian Minority languages: Armenian · LezginAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_3_1

Demonym(s)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_4_0 Azerbaijani

SovietAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_4_1

GovernmentAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_5_0 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_5_1
LeaderAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_6_0 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_6_1
1920Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_7_0 Mirza Davud Huseynov (first)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_7_1
1990–1991Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_8_0 Ayaz Mutallibov (last)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_8_1
PremierAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_9_0 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_9_1
1920–1922Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_10_0 Nariman Narimanov (first)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_10_1
1990–1991Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_11_0 Hasan Hasanov (last)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_11_1
LegislatureAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_12_0 Supreme SovietAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_12_1
HistoryAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_13_0 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_13_1
Republic proclaimedAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_14_0 28 April 1920Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_14_1
Becomes part of the Transcaucasian SFSRAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_15_0 30 December 1922Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_15_1
Re-establishedAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_16_0 5 December 1936Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_16_1
Sovereignty declaredAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_17_0 23 September 1989Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_17_1
Black JanuaryAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_18_0 19–20 January 1990Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_18_1
Renamed Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_19_0 5 February 1991Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_19_1
Independence declaredAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_20_0 30 August 1991Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_20_1
Independence completedAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_21_0 26 December 1991Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_21_1
AreaAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_22_0
1989Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_23_0 86,600 km (33,400 sq mi)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_23_1
PopulationAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_24_0
1989Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_25_0 7,037,867Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_25_1
CurrencyAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_26_0 Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_26_1
Calling codeAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_header_cell_0_27_0 7 892/895Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_27_1
Preceded by

Succeeded by

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Republic of Mountainous Armenia

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic

Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_28_0

Preceded byAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_29_0 Succeeded byAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_29_1
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Republic of Mountainous Armenia

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet RepublicAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_30_0

Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_30_1
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_31_0 Azerbaijan Democratic RepublicAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_31_1
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_32_0 Republic of Mountainous ArmeniaAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_32_1
Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_33_0 Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet RepublicAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_33_1
Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_34_0 Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_cell_0_34_1

Azerbaijan (/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/ (listen) AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан / Azərbaycan), officially the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы / Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası, Russian: Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [АзССР], romanized: Azerbaydzhanskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika [AzSSR]), also referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_0

Created on 28 April 1920 when the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic brought pro-Soviet figures to power in the region, the first two years of the Azerbaijani SSR were as an independent country until incorporation into the Transcausasian SFSR, along with the Armenian SSR and the Georgian SSR. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_1

In December 1922, the Transcaucasian SFSR became part of the newly established Soviet Union. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_2

The Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR was approved by the 9th Extraordinary All-Azerbaijani Congress of Soviets on 14 March 1937. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_3

On 5 February 1991, Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the Republic of Azerbaijan according to the Decision No.16-XII of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan approving the Decree of the President of Azerbaijan SSR dated 29 November 1990, remaining in the USSR for another period before its independence in October 1991. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_4

The Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR ceased to exist in 1995, upon the adoption of the new Constitution of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_5

Etymology Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_0

The name "Azerbaijan" originates as the "Land of Atropates", an Achaemenid then Hellenistic-era king over a region in present-day Iranian Azarbaijan and Iranian Kurdistan, south of the modern state. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_6

Despite this difference, the present name was chosen by the Musavat to replace the Russian names Transcaucasia and Baku in 1918. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_7

"Azerbaijan" derives from Persian Āzarbāydjān, from earlier Ādharbāyagān and Ādharbādhagān, from Middle Persian Āturpātākān, from Old Persian Atropatkan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_8

From its founding it was officially known as the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_9

When the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic was abolished, the name was changed to the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic according to the 1937 and 1978 Azerbaijan SSR constitutions. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_10

Upon independence, it was renamed to the Republic of Azerbaijan (or Azerbaijani Republic) in 1991. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_11

The current official name was retained after the new Constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted in 1995. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_12

History Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_1

Main article: History of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_13

Establishment Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_2

Main article: Armenian–Azerbaijani War Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_14

The Azerbaijan SSR was established on 28 April 1920 after the surrender of the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic to local Bolsheviks led by Mirza Davud and Nariman Narimanov and the invasion of the Bolshevik 11th Red Army. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_15

On 13 October 1921, the Soviet republics of Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia signed an agreement with Turkey known as the Treaty of Kars. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_16

The previously independent Naxicivan SSR would also become an autonomous ASSR within Azerbaijan by the Treaty of Kars. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_17

Borders of Azerbaijan and Armenia, like elsewhere in the USSR, were redrawn several times, yet neither side was completely satisfied with the results. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_18

Transcaucasian SFSR Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_3

Main article: Transcaucasian SFSR Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_19

On 12 March 1922 the leaders of Azerbaijan, Armenian, and Georgian Soviet Socialist Republics established a union known as the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic (TSFSR). Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_20

This was the first attempt at a union of Soviet republics, preceding the USSR. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_21

The Union Council of TSFSR consisted of the representatives of the three republics – Nariman Narimanov (Azerbaijan), Polikarp Mdivani (Georgia), and Aleksandr Fyodorovich Miasnikyan (Armenia). Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_22

The First Secretary of the Transcaucasian Communist Party was Sergo Ordzhonikidze. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_23

In December 1922 TSFSR agreed to join the union with Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, thus creating the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics which would last until 1991. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_24

The TSFSR, however, did not last long. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_25

In December 1936, the Transcaucasian Union was finally dismantled when the leaders in the Union Council found themselves unable to come to agreement over several issues. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_26

Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia then became union Republics of the Soviet Union directly. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_27

Economy and development Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_4

In the spring of 1921, a general change-over from revkoms and kombeds to Soviets took place. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_28

In order to help the Azerbaijani oil industry the Supreme Council of the National Economy decided in the same year to provide it with everything necessary out of turn. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_29

The new oilfields, like Ilyich Bay, Qara-Chukhur, Lok-Batan and Kala have been discovered. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_30

In 1929 a great kolkhoz movement had developed and Azerbaijan became the second Soviet tea producer after the Georgian SSR for the first time. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_31

On 31 March 1931 the oil industry of the Azerbaijan SSR, which supplied over 60% of the total Soviet oil production at the time, was awarded the Order of Lenin. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_32

The republic gained the second Order on 15 March 1935 during the observation of its 15th anniversary. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_33

At the end of the second five-year plan (1933–1937) Azerbaijan appeared at 3rd place in the Soviet Union by its capital investment size. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_34

World War II Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_5

During the period 17 September 1939 to 21 June 1941, Nazi Germany, due to its non-aggression pact and relatively normalized trade relations with the USSR, was a major importer of oil produced in the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_35

This changed when Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_36

In the first year of the Soviet-German War, Azerbaijan produced 23,5 million tons of oil – a record for the entire history of its oil industry. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_37

By the end of 1941, thousands of Azerbaijanis had joined the People's Volunteer Corps. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_38

Mobilization affected all spheres of life, particularly the oil industries. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_39

A week after fighting began, the oil workers themselves took the initiative to extend their work to 12-hour shifts, with no days off, no holidays, and no vacations until the end of the war. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_40

Meanwhile, in September 1942 Hitler's generals presented him with a large decorated cake which depicted the Caspian Sea and Baku. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_41

Baku then became the primary strategic goal of Hitler's 1942 Fall Blau offensive. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_42

This offensive was unsuccessful, however. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_43

The German army reached the mountains of the Caucasus, but was at the same time decisively defeated at the Battle of Stalingrad and so forced to retreat from the area, abandoning all hopes for a Reichskommissariat Kaukasus. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_44

In 1942 Azerbaijan also became the second largest tea producer of the Soviet Army. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_45

By the decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in February 1942, the commitment of more than 500 workers and employees of the oil industry of Azerbaijan was awarded orders and medals. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_46

Of the estimated 600,000 Azerbaijanis who were recruited into the Soviet Army during the war, 290,000 died. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_47

Post-war period Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_6

Main article: Azerbaijan People's Government Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_48

An event that greatly impacted Azerbaijanis on both sides of the border was the Soviet occupation of Iranian Azerbaijan in the summer of 1941. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_49

The Soviet military presence south of the Aras River led to a revival of Pan-Azerbaijani nationalism. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_50

During the Soviet occupation a revival of the Azerbaijani literary language, which had largely been supplanted by Persian, was promoted with the help of writers, journalists, and teachers from Soviet Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_51

In November 1945, with Soviet backing, an autonomous "Azerbaijan People's Government" was set up at Tabriz under Jafar Pishevari, the leader of the Azerbaijani Democratic Party. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_52

Secular cultural institutions and education in Azerbaijani blossomed throughout Iranian Azerbaijan, and speculation grew rife about a possible unification of the two Azerbaijan's, under Soviet control. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_53

As it turned out, the issue of Iranian Azerbaijan became one of the first conflicts of the Cold War, and under pressure by the Western powers, the Soviet army was withdrawn. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_54

The Iranian government regained control over Iranian Azerbaijan by the end of 1946 and Democratic Party leaders took refuge in Soviet Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_55

Jafar Pishevari, who was never fully trusted by Stalin, soon died under mysterious circumstances. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_56

Apart from the Oil Rocks, Azerbaijan's first offshore oil field was opened in the early 1950s. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_57

Policies of de-Stalinization and improvement after the 1950s led to better education and welfare conditions for most of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_58

This also coincided with the period of rapid urbanization and industrialization. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_59

During this period of change, a new anti-Islamic drive and return to a policy of Russification, under the policy of sblizheniye (rapprochement), was instituted in order to merge all the peoples of the USSR into a new monolithic Soviet nation. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_60

Downfall Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_7

In the 1960s, signs of a structural crisis in the Soviet system began to emerge. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_61

Azerbaijan's crucial oil industry lost its relative importance in the Soviet economy, partly because of a shift of oil production to other regions of the Soviet Union and partly because of the depletion of known oil resources accessible from land, while offshore production was not deemed cost effective. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_62

As a result, Azerbaijan had the lowest rate of growth in productivity and economic output among the Soviet republics, with the exception of Tajikistan. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_63

Ethnic tensions, particularly between Armenians and Azerbaijanis began to grow, but violence was suppressed. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_64

In an attempt to end the growing structural crisis, the government in Moscow appointed Heidar Aliyev as the first secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in 1969. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_65

Aliyev temporarily improved economic conditions and promoted alternative industries to the declining oil industry, such as cotton. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_66

He also consolidated the republic's ruling elite, which now consisted almost entirely of ethnic Azerbaijanis, thus reverting the previous trends of sblizheniye. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_67

In 1982 Aliyev was made a member of the Communist Party's Politburo in Moscow. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_68

In 1987, when Perestroika was implemented, he was forced to retire by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, whose reform policies he opposed. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_69

The late 1980s, during the Gorbachev era, were characterized by increasing unrest in the Caucasus, initially over the Nagorno-Karabakh issue. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_70

The ethnic strife revealed the shortcomings of the Communist Party as a champion of national interests and, in the spirit of glasnost, independent publications and political organizations began to emerge. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_71

Of these organizations, by far the most prominent was the Popular Front of Azerbaijan (PFA), which by the fall of 1989 seemed poised to take power from the Communist Party. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_72

Soon, the movement for the independence from the USSR started off, of which the PFA rose as one of the major leaders. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_73

Unrest culminated with crackdown by the Red army aimed at silencing the demands for independence, in which the army killed at least 132 demonstrators and other civilians in Baku on 20 January 1990. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_74

Azerbaijan participated in the union-wide referendum to preserve the union in a different form taking a confirmed vote of 93.3% while its neighbor Armenia boycotted it. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_75

Nakhchivan Supreme Soviet also passed a decision not to take part in that referendum. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_76

Results was known beforehand, as the voting was typically Soviet. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_77

The Azerbaijani Popular Front Party argued that only 15% of electorate had taken part in the referendum. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_78

Signing “the Treaty of the Union of Sovereign States” failed after the August coup by conservative members and accelerated declarations of independence by Soviet Socialist Republics between August and December. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_79

Azerbaijan adopted its declaration of independence on 30 August 1991, before the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991; however Azerbaijan became part of the Commonwealth of Independent States later, in September 1993. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_80

By the end of 1991 fighting in Nagorno-Karabakh had escalated into a full-scale war, which culminated into a tense 1994 cease-fire that has persisted into the 21st century. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_81

Although a cease-fire was achieved, the negotiations by both sides have so far resulted in a stalemate, as Armenian troops retained their positions in Karabakh as well as corridors taken from Azerbaijan that connect the region to Armenia. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_82

Government Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_8

On 28 April 1920, Temporary Revolutionary Committee took control over the country, and formed a government named Council of People's Commissars of Azerbaijan SSR. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_83

After the approval of the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR by the All-Azerbaijan Congress of Soviets in 1921, Azerbaijan Revolutionary Committee was revoked and Central Executive Committee was selected as a supreme legislative body. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_84

According to the Constitution Azerbaijan SSR in 1937, legislative body switched to a new phase. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_85

Central Executive Committee was replaced with Supreme Soviet. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_86

Heads of state Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_9

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_unordered_list_0

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_10

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_unordered_list_1

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_11

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_unordered_list_2

President of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_12

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_unordered_list_3

Military Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_13

Under the military structure of the former Soviet Union, Azerbaijan shortly before gaining independence was host to over 60,000 Soviet military personnel deployed throughout the country in units of the Ground Forces, Air Forces, Air Defense Forces, and Navy. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_87

The primary combat formation of Ground Forces in Azerbaijan was the 4th Army, which housed its headquarters and various support units in Baku. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_88

In addition to the independent surface-to-air missile (SAM), artillery, and SCUD brigades, the principal combat elements of the Fourth Army were the 23rd (Ganja), 295th (Lenkaran), 60th (Baku) and 75th (Nakhchivan) motorized rifle divisions (MRD), and the Ganja Helicopter Assault Regiment (Mi-24 Hinds and Mi-8 Hips). Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_89

The only ground forces training establishment in Azerbaijan was the Baku Higher Combined Arms Command School. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_90

Military conscription in the Azerbaijan SSR was introduced only after the establishment of Soviet control, with the number of people being called up for service being minimal at first. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_91

Economy Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_14

Main article: Economy of the Soviet Union Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_92

Agriculture Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_15

Azerbaijan has the largest agricultural basin in the region. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_93

About 54.9 percent of Azerbaijan is agricultural lands. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_94

At the beginning of 2007 there were 4,755,100 hectares of utilized agricultural area. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_95

In the same year the total wood resources counted 136 million m³. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_96

Azerbaijan's agricultural scientific research institutes are focused on meadows and pastures, horticulture and subtropical crops, green vegetables, viticulture and wine-making, cotton growing and medicinal plants. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_97

In some lands it is profitable to grow grain, potatoes, sugar beets, cotton and tobacco. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_98

Livestock, dairy products, and wine and spirits are also important farm products. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_99

The Caspian fishing industry is concentrated on the dwindling stocks of sturgeon and beluga. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_100

In 2002 the Azerbaijani merchant marine had 54 ships. Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_sentence_101

Notes and References Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic_section_16

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Soviet Socialist Republic.