Azerbaijani Armed Forces

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Azerbaijani Armed Forces_table_infobox_0

Armed Forces of AzerbaijanAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_0_0
FoundedAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_1_0 26 June 1918Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_1_1
Current formAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_2_0 9 October 1991Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_2_1
Service branchesAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_3_0 Azerbaijani Land Forces
Azerbaijani Air Force
Azerbaijani NavyAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_3_1
HeadquartersAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_4_0 BakuAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_4_1
LeadershipAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_5_0
Commander-in-ChiefAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_6_0 President Ilham AliyevAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_6_1
Defence MinisterAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_7_0 Colonel-General Zakir HasanovAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_7_1
Chief of StaffAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_8_0 Colonel-General Najmaddin SadigovAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_8_1
ManpowerAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_9_0
Military ageAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_10_0 18–35 years (Regular)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_10_1
ConscriptionAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_11_0 12–18 months for ground forcesAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_11_1
Available for

military serviceAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_12_0

3,000,000, age 18–49Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_12_1
Active personnelAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_13_0 126,000Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_13_1
Reserve personnelAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_14_0 300,000Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_14_1
Deployed personnelAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_15_0 122Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_15_1
ExpendituresAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_16_0
BudgetAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_17_0 $2.267 billion (2020)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_17_1
Percent of GDPAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_18_0 5%Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_18_1
IndustryAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_19_0
Domestic suppliersAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_20_0 Azerbaijan Defense Industry
State Border Service Naval ShipyardAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_20_1
Foreign suppliersAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_21_0 Turkey
 Israel

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Related articlesAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_22_0
HistoryAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_23_0 Military history of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Armenian–Azerbaijani War (1918–1920) Battle of Baku (1918) Azerbaijan during World War II Nagorno-Karabakh War (1991–1994) 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War (Operation Iron Fist)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_23_1

RanksAzerbaijani Armed Forces_header_cell_0_24_0 Military ranks of AzerbaijanAzerbaijani Armed Forces_cell_0_24_1

The Armed Forces of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Silahlı Qüvvələri) were re-established according to the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the Armed Forces from 9 October 1991. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_0

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) had originally formed its own armed forces from 26 June 1918 but were dissolved after Azerbaijan was absorbed into the Soviet Union as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic from 28 April 1920. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_1

After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991–92, the armed forces were reformed based on Soviet bases and equipment left on Azeri soil. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_2

The armed forces have three branches: the Azerbaijani Land Forces, the Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force, and the Azerbaijani Navy. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_3

Associated forces include the Azerbaijani National Guard, the Internal Troops of Azerbaijan, and the State Border Service, which can be involved in state defense under certain circumstances. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_4

According to the Azerbaijani media sources the military expenditures of Azerbaijan for 2009 were set at US$2.46 billion, however according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, only $1.473 billion was spent in that year. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_5

IISS also suggests that the defence budget in 2009 was $1.5 billion. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_6

The Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan supervises the design, manufacturing, regulation and maintenance of military equipment. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_7

In the future, Azerbaijan hopes to start building tanks, armored vehicles, military planes and military helicopters. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_8

Overview Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_0

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan has been trying to further develop its armed forces into a professional, well trained, and mobile military. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_9

Azerbaijan has been undergoing extensive modernization and capacity expanding programs, with the military budget increasing from around $300 million in 2005 to $2.46 billion in 2009. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_10

The total armed forces number 56,840 men in the land forces, 7,900 men in the air force and air defence force, and 2,200 men in the navy. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_11

There are also 19,500 personnel in the National Guard, State Border Service, and Internal Troops. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_12

In addition, there are 300,000 former service personnel who have had military service in the last 15 years. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_13

The military hardware of Azerbaijan consists of 220 main battle tanks, an additional 162 T-80's were acquired between 2005 and 2010, 595 armored combat vehicles and 270 artillery systems. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_14

The air force has about 106 aircraft and 35 helicopters. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_15

Azerbaijan has acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear weapons state. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_16

Azerbaijan participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_17

Azerbaijan joined the multi-national force in 2003. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_18

It sent 150 troops to Iraq, and later troops to Kosovo. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_19

Azeri troops are still serving in Afghanistan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_20

Despite the rise in Azerbaijan's defence budget, the armed forces were assessed in 2008 as not having a high state of battle readiness and being ill-prepared for wide scale combat operations. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_21

However, in 2017 Global Firepower ranked Azerbaijan 59th among 127 countries for its military strength. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_22

It was the best performance among the countries of South Caucasus. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_23

Today 'National Hero of Azerbaijan' is the highest national title in the country, awarded for outstanding services of national importance to Azerbaijan in defense, as well as other deeds in other spheres. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_24

History of the Azerbaijani military Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_1

Main article: Military history of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_25

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_2

The history of the modern Azerbaijan army dates back to Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, when the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan Republic were created on 26 June 1918. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_26

First de facto Minister of Defense of ADR was Dr. Khosrov bey Sultanov. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_27

When the Ministry was formally established Gen. Samedbey Mehmandarov became the minister, and then Lt-Gen. Ali-Agha Shikhlinski his deputy. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_28

Chiefs of Staff of ADR Army were Lt-Gen. Maciej Sulkiewicz (March 1919 – 10 December 1919) and Maj-Gen. Abdulhamid bey Gaitabashi (10 December 1919 – April 1920). Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_29

The Red Army invaded Azerbaijan on 28 April 1920. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_30

Although the bulk of the newly formed Azerbaijani army was engaged in putting down an Armenian revolt that had just broken out in Karabakh, the Azeris did not surrender their brief independence of 1918–20 quickly or easily. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_31

As many as 20,000 of the total 30,000 soldiers died resisting what was effectively a Russian reconquest. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_32

The national Army of Azerbaijan was abolished by the Bolshevik government, 15 of the 21 army generals were executed by the Bolsheviks. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_33

World War II Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_3

During World War II, Azerbaijan played a crucial role in the strategic energy policy of Soviet Union. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_34

Much of the Soviet Union's oil on the Eastern Front was supplied by Baku. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_35

By a decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in February 1942, the commitment of more than 500 workers and employees of the oil industry of Azerbaijan was recognised with orders and medals. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_36

Operation Edelweiss carried out by the German Wehrmacht targeted Baku because of the importance of its oil fields to the USSR. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_37

Some 800,000 Azerbaijanis fought within the ranks of the Soviet Army of which 400,000 died. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_38

Azeri national formations of the Red Army included the 223rd, 227th, 396th, 402nd, and 416th Rifle Divisions. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_39

Azeri Major-General Hazi Aslanov was awarded a second Hero of the Soviet Union after a long post-war fight for recognition of his accomplishments. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_40

Dissolution of the Soviet armed forces Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_4

During the Cold War, Azerbaijan had been the deployment area of units of the Soviet 4th Army whose principle formations in 1988 included four motor rifle divisions (23rd Guards, 60th, 75th, and 295th). Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_41

The 75th Motor Rifle Division was isolated in Nakhichevan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_42

The 4th Army also included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_43

The 75th Division's stores and equipment were apparently transferred to the Nakhichevan authorities. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_44

Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Soviet Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery, which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_45

The first president of Azerbaijan, Ayaz Mutallibov, did not wish to build an independent army, wanting to rely instead largely on Soviet troops. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_46

Even when the Parliament decided that an army should be formed in September 1991, disagreements between the government and the opposition Azerbaijani Popular Front Party impeded creation of a unified force. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_47

Around this time, the first unit of the new army was formed on the basis of the 18–110 military unit of mechanized infantry of the Soviet Ground Forces (probably part of the 4th Army) located in Shikhov, south of Baku. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_48

At the time of the parliamentary decision, Lieutenant-General Valeh Barshadli became the first Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan, from 5 September to 11 December 1991. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_49

Later from May to 4 September 1992 he served as Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_50

In summer 1992, the nascent Defense Ministry received a resolution by the Azerbaijani president on the takeover of units and formations in Azerbaijani territory. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_51

It then forwarded an ultimatum to Moscow demanding control over vehicles and armaments of the 135th and 139th Motor Rifle Regiments of the 295th Motor Rifle Division. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_52

In July 1992, Azerbaijan ratified the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), which establishes comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_53

Azerbaijan approved the CFE flank agreement in May 1997. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_54

The transfer of the property of the 4th Army (except for part of the property of the 366th Motor Rifle Regiment of the 23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division captured by Armenian armed formations in 1992 during the regiment's withdrawal from Stepanakert) and the 49th arsenal was completed in 1992. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_55

Thus, by the end of 1992, Azerbaijan received arms and military hardware sufficient for approximately four motor rifle divisions with prescribed army units. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_56

It also inherited naval ships. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_57

There are also reports that 50 combat aircraft from the disbanded 19th Army of the Soviet Air Defence Forces came under Azeri control. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_58

The Azeri armed forces took a series of devastating defeats by Armenian forces during the 1992–1994 Nagorno-Karabakh War, which resulted in the loss of control of Nagorno-Karabakh proper and seven surrounding rayons, comprising roughly 20% of the territory of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_59

Azerbaijani sources insist that Armenian victory was largely due to military help from Russia and the wealthy Armenian diaspora. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_60

Armenians partially deny the allegation, claiming that Russian side was equally supplying Armenian and Azerbaijani sides with weapons and mercenaries. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_61

During the war, the Azeri armed forces were also aided by Turkish military advisers, and Russian, Ukrainian, Chechen and Afghan mercenaries. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_62

Non-combat deaths Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_5

A number of Azerbaijani human rights groups have been tracking non-combat deaths and have noted an upward trend in early 2010s. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_63

Based on Defense Ministry statistics that had not been released to the public, the Group of Monitoring Compliance with Human Rights in the Army (GMCHRA) has recorded the deaths of 76 soldiers to date in non-combat incidents for 2011, and the injury of 91 others. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_64

In comparison, there were 62 non-combat deaths and 71 cases of injury in 2010. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_65

The string of non-combat deaths raises questions about the reform progress of the military. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_66

Factors behind the deaths include bullying, hazing, and the systemic corruption within the Azeri military. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_67

Commanders Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_6

Ministers of Defense of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_7

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_8

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_0

Republic of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_9

After Lt Gen Barshadli became Chief of General Staff, subsequent defense ministers from 1992 have included: Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_68

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_1

  • Lieutenant General Valeh Barshadly (5 September 1991 – 11 December 1991)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_3
  • Major General Tajaddin Mehdiyev (11 December 1991 – 17 February 1992)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_4
  • Shahin Musayev (Acting) (17 February 1992 – 24 February 1992)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_5
  • Interior Troops Colonel Tahir Aliyev (24 February 1992 – 16 March 1992)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_6
  • Rahim Gaziyev (17 March 1992 – 20 February 1993)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_7
  • Major General Dadash Rzayev (21 February 1993 – 17 June 1993)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_8
  • Colonel General Safar Abiyev (Acting) (17 June 1993 – 20 August 1993)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_9
  • Major General Vahid Musayev (Acting) (August 1993 – 25 August 1993)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_10
  • Lieutenant General Mammadrafi Mammadov (2 September 1993 – 6 February 1995)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_11
  • Colonel General Safar Abiyev (6 February 1995 – 28 October 2013)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_12
  • Colonel General Zakir Hasanov (since 22 October 2013)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_1_13

Land forces Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_10

The Azerbaijani Land Forces number 85,000 strong, according to UK Advanced Research and Assessment Group estimates. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_69

The 2,500 men of the National Guard are also part of the ground forces. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_70

In addition, there are 300,000 former service personnel who have had military service in the last 15 years. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_71

Other paramilitary agencies consist of Interior Ministry Internal Troops of Azerbaijan, 12,000 strong, and the land component of the State Border Service, 5,000 strong. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_72

Azerbaijan has signed numerous contracts to strengthen its armed forces and to train its military with Turkey's assistance. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_73

Over the last 15 years, Azerbaijan has been preparing its military for possible action against Armenian forces in Nagorno-Karabakh. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_74

Organization Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_11

The Land Forces consist of five army corps: Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_75

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_2

  • 1st Army Corps also known as Evlax Army Corps (concentrated near Ganja)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_2_14
  • 2nd Army Corps also known as Pirekeshkul Army Corps (concentrated against Armenian occupied territories and part is deployed on the Azerbaijan-Iranian border)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_2_15
  • 3rd Army Corps also known as Shamkir Army Corps (concentrated against Armenian occupied territories)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_2_16
  • 4th Army Corps also known as Baku Army Corps (covers Absheron Peninsula and the coast)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_2_17
  • Nakhchivan Separate Combined Arms Army (deployed in Nakhichevan)Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_2_18

The Land Forces include 23 motor rifle brigades, an artillery brigade, a multiple rocket launcher brigade, and an anti-tank regiment. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_76

The IISS Military Balance reported in 2007 that the Land Forces had an estimated 40 SA-13 Gopher, SA-4 Ganef, and SA-8 Gecko air defence missile systems, with '80–240 eff.' Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_77

to support the army in the battlefield. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_78

(IISS 2007, p. 157) Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_79

The peacekeeping forces of Azerbaijan are mostly supplied from the Land Forces, though the Internal Troops of Azerbaijan do also supply some. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_80

As of March 2011, 94 peacekeepers were deployed with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_81

In the past, it also actively supported the peacekeeping operation in Kosovo and Iraq. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_82

The Azeri peacekeeping unit deployed in Iraq consisted of 14 officers, 16 sergeants and 120 privates, a total of 150 troops. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_83

The unit secured the hydroelectric power station and reservoir in Al Haditha from August 2003. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_84

In December 2008, Azerbaijan withdrew the unit from Iraq. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_85

Reportedly in December 2014 Azerbaijan created the Separate Combined Arms Army in Nakhchivan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_86

Karam Mustafayev became commander of the corps. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_87

The army was created based on the Nakhchivan 5th Army Corps to strengthen defense capability of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, increase of combat capability of military units and formations of the Armed Forces, improve central control, reports quoting the Defence Ministry said. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_88

Air forces Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_12

The Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force is a single unified service branch. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_89

Some 8,000 men serve in the air force and air defence force. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_90

The Azerbaijani Air and Air Defence Force has around 106 aircraft and 35 helicopters. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_91

The country has four major airbases. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_92

Nasosnaya (air base) has fighters, Kyurdamir Air Base a bomber regiment, Ganja Air Base transports, and Baku Kala Air Base the helicopter unit. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_93

There are also four other airbases which do not appear to have aircraft based there. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_94

These are Dollyar Air Base, Nakhichevan Airport, Sanqacal Air Base, and Sitalcay Air Base. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_95

The Azeri Air Force uses MiG-21, MiG-23, Su-24 and Su-25 aircraft, as well as the MiG-29 purchased from Ukraine in 2006 and Il-76 transport aircraft. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_96

The MiG-29 have been designated as the standard aircraft for the AzAF. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_97

Azerbaijan is holding talks with either the People's Republic of China or Pakistan to purchase JF-17 Thunder aircraft. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_98

MiG-25s previously in service have been retired seemingly in the 2007–09 period. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_99

Azerbaijan's helicopter force is concentrated at Baku Kala Air Base and according to the IISS consists of a single regiment with around 14–15 Mi-24, 12–13 Mi-8 and 7 Mi-2. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_100

Jane's Information Group and the IISS give figures which agree with only a single aircraft's difference. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_101

Recently, end of 2010 Russian Rosvertol announced that Azerbaijan armed forces signed a deal for 24 pieces of Mi-35M (Hind-E) gunships what would further enhance the Azeri ground attack formations. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_102

The Air Force has L-29 and L-39 advanced training aircraft in store. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_103

The Azerbaijan Border Guard and Voluntary Society of Defense, Patriotism and Sport have Yakovlev light training aircraft. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_104

Air defense Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_13

Azerbaijan has missile and radar systems intended to defend Azeri airspace. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_105

There are at least 2 divisions of S-300PMU2. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_106

Thereby the country has one of the most capable SAM surface-to-air missile system in the region. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_107

Azerbaijan also operates two S-200 (SA-5 GAMMON) batteries near Baku and Mingachevir; the S-300PMU-2 represents a logical replacement for these systems offering coverage of the majority of the nation. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_108

The country also has about 100 NATO designated SA-2 Guideline (original name S-75), SA-3 Goa (S-125 Pechora-2M), and the SA-5 Gammon (S-200) are in static installations. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_109

These may be around Baku and the central part to cover the whole Azeri aerospace. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_110

However, August 2011 investigations shows that after purchase of S-300 surface-to-air missiles, the largest apparent gap in Azerbaijan's air defense system may have been filled. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_111

Also in Azerbaijan there was a former Soviet early warning radar. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_112

The Gabala Radar Station was a bistatic phased-array installation, operated by the Russian Space Forces. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_113

The contract was signed in 2002 and was due to expire in 2012 where it was to be given back to the Azerbaijani government. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_114

The contract costed Russia $7 million per year. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_115

The radar station had a range of up to 6,000 kilometres (3,700 miles), and was designed to detect intercontinental ballistic missile launches as far as from the Indian Ocean. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_116

In December 2012 Russia announced that negotiations had been unsuccessful and that they had stopped using the radar station. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_117

The site was given back to Azerbaijan and all the equipment dismantled and transported to Russia. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_118

Nowadays, Russia covers the area from the Armavir Radar Station. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_119

Training and education Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_14

Azerbaijani pilots are trained in the Azerbaijan Air Force School and then develop their skills in operational units. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_120

Azerbaijan has an experience exchange with Turkey, Ukraine, the United States and a number of NATO countries. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_121

The Turkish Air Force School has a great role in the training of Azeri military pilots. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_122

Azerbaijani pilots are also trained in Ukraine's Pilot Training School. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_123

Navy Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_15

The main naval base of the Soviet Union in the Caspian Sea was based in Baku. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_124

When the Soviet Union collapsed, Azerbaijan inherited the naval base and parts of the Caspian Fleet. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_125

The Azerbaijan Navy has about 2,200 personnel. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_126

The navy has a Petya class light frigate, Qusar (G 121), and a number of patrol craft, including one Turk class, Araz, P 223, one Brya (Project 722) class, P 218, one Shelon (Project 1388M) class, P 212, one Poluchat class (Project 368), P 219, one Luga class (Project 888), T 710, and four Petrushka (Polish UK-3 class), P 213, P 214, P 215, and P 216. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_127

There are four minesweepers consisting of 2 Sonya class minesweeper and 2 Yevgenya class minesweepers. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_128

(Jane's Fighting Ships 2010) Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_129

The Navy is also attributed with 5 landing craft, 3 Polnochny and 2 Vydra,(IISS 2007) plus three research ships, 1 Project 10470, A 671, ex Svyaga, 1 Balerian Uryvayev class survey vessel (AG) and one Vadim Popov class survey vessel (AG). Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_130

The U.S. Navy has helped train the Azeri Navy. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_131

There is also an agreement to provide US support to refurbish Azeri warships in the Caspian Sea. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_132

In 2006, the US Government donated 3 motorboats to the Azerbaijani navy. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_133

In 2007 an agreement between Azeri Navy and a US military company was concluded, which stated that a part of the Azeri Navy would be equipped with advanced laser marksmanship systems. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_134

The US company specialists were also to give training on the use of the new equipment. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_135

A number of separate U.S. programmes are underway under the Caspian Guard Initiative, focused mostly on enhancing Azerbaijani and Kazakh maritime border security. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_136

In May 2011, President of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic Rovnag Abdullayev stated that Azerbaijan to start production of national warships after 2013. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_137

Special forces Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_16

The Naval Intelligence of Azerbaijan maintains the 641st Special Warfare Naval Unit. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_138

The special forces were trained by the U.S. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_139 Navy SEALs Unit 641 has several midget submarines such as Triton-1M and Triton 2 at their disposal as well as underwater tool motion for individual divers. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_140

The special unit is composed of 3 reconnaissance groups, 2 groups for mountainous warfare and one diving group. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_141

Obligatory training includes parachute jumping day and night, on land and on water. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_142

Defense industry Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_17

The Ministry of Defence Industry of Azerbaijan directs domestic military supplies for Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_143

It was established in 2005. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_144

The Defence Industries Ministry subsumed the State Department for Military Industry and for Armaments and the Military Science Center, each of which was formerly a separate agency within the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_145

The defense industry has emerged as an autonomous entity with a growing defense production capability. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_146

The ministry is cooperating with the defense sectors of Ukraine, Belarus and Pakistan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_147

Along with other contracts, Azerbaijani defence industries and Turkish companies, Azerbaijan will produce 40mm revolver grenade launchers, 107mm and 122mm MLRS systems, Cobra 4×4 vehicles and joint modernization of BTR vehicles in Baku. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_148

The major military companies of Azerbaijan are: Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_149

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_3

  • RPE Iglim, aviation and shipbuildingAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_3_19
  • Radiogurashdirma, communication means and radio-electronicAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_3_20
  • RPE Neftgazavtomat, devices and automation systems for monitoring technological processesAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_3_21
  • RPE Automatic Lines, non-standard equipment and products for application in electrotechnical and machine engineeringAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_3_22
  • Avia-Agregat, multi-purpose aviation equipment, various airdrome conditioners, universal container of board conductor, air-to-air radiators, fuel-oil, air-to-air heat exchangers and ventilatorsAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_3_23

In early 2008, reports indicated that an agreement with Turkey had been signed which would lead to Azerbaijan producing armoured personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, and small calibre artillery pieces. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_150

Educational system Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_18

The military education system in Azerbaijan contributes to the strength of the armed forces by ensuring the loyalty of cadets to security and defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_151

The purpose of these military institutions is to train soldiers, officers, and non-commissioned officers to have independent and creative thinking and commitment to the Azerbaijani people and the government. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_152

military education in the Azerbaijani Armed Forces have been described as either being Secondary education, Further education, or Higher education. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_153

List of educational institutions Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_19

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_4

Military institutions Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_20

Voluntary Military Patriotism Technical Sport Society Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_21

Main article: Azerbaijan Voluntary Military Patriotism Technical Sport Society Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_154

Republican Veterans Organization Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_22

After the Second World War, veterans movements were launched in Azerbaijan, with the Baku Veterans Committee being established on 10 June 1960. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_155

The activity of the committee was limited to Baku until the early 1970s. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_156

During the leadership of First Secretary Heydar Aliyev, there was a revival in the veteran movement, during which the committee gradually expanded to the republic. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_157

The establishment of the Republican Veterans Organization took place on 21 March 1987. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_158

Despite the official registration of the RVO with the Ministry of Justice, the activity of the organization was largely formal due to the tensions in the country with the Karabakh War, as well as the attidude of the government towards Red Army veterans in general. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_159

One of the first laws signed by the President Aliyev was the Law "On Veterans" (28 June 1994), which restored the mandate for the RVO. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_160

State Service for Mobilization and Conscription of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_23

Main article: State Service for Mobilization and Conscription of Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_161

International cooperation Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_24

Azerbaijan cooperates with about 60 countries in the military-technical sphere and has an agreement on military-technical cooperation with more than 30 countries. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_162

Turkey Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_25

In December 2009, an agreement on military assistance was signed by Turkey and Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_163

The agreement envisions Ankara's supplying Azerbaijan with weapons, military equipment and, if necessary, soldiers in case war with Armenia over Karabakh resumes. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_164

Turkey has provided Azerbaijan with infantry weapons, tactical vehicles (jeeps, trucks, etc.) professional training, military organization, technology transfer, licensed military hardware production and other services. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_165

Due to help from Turkish specialists and instructors, thousands of Azerbaijani officers have been trained to western standards. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_166

The military position as international importance of Azerbaijan increased with agreement between Azerbaijan and Turkey on the participation an Azerbaijani peacekeeping platoon in the staff of Turkish battalion in Kosovo. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_167

Since 1992, Azerbaijan and Turkey have signed more than 100 military protocols, some of the major protocols include: Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_168

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_5

  • Cooperation of staff membersAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_36
  • National security cooperation in the topographical areaAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_37
  • Forming and training of profession school of forces kind of BakuAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_38
  • Carrying out of the material and technical purchasingAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_39
  • Military industry cooperationAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_40
  • Development of the 5th Army Corps also known as Nakhchivan Army Corps in NakhchivanAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_41
  • Cooperation in the area of military history, military archives and museum work and military publicationAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_42
  • Assistance on training, material and technical between the Azerbaijan Border Guard and the Turkish Armed Forces.Azerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_43
  • Long-term economical and military cooperation and application of the financial aidAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_44
  • Application of material and technical provisionAzerbaijani Armed Forces_item_5_45

In May 2011, Azerbaijan had discussed the purchase of long-range rockets from two Chinese companies, the minister of the defence industry has said. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_169

Other arms deals were signed with Turkey. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_170

Turkish Defence Minister Vecdi Gonul and Yaver Jamalov signed a protocol of intent on future joint production of two types of output – 107-mm rockets and the national rifle, possibly the Mehmetçik-1. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_171

A protocol of intent was signed the same day with the Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation MKEK on the joint production of 120-mm mortar launchers. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_172

This project will come into force in a few months time. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_173

Agreement has also been reached with Turkish company Aselsan on the production of some types of defence output in Azerbaijan, specifically the latest types of weapons' sights. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_174

These projects will probably happen in the near future too. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_175

Recently, Turkish defense industries secretariat told that an export version of the T-155 Firtina self-propelled howitser is almost done and could start production. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_176

T-155 has been powered by a German MTU power pack, which restricts the sale to some countries like Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_177

The Turkish manufacturer MKEK, has announced that they have found an alternate supplier for the power pack where Azerbaijan showed interest to buy the high tech, more capable 155mm 52 caliber from Turkish authorities. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_178

United States Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_26

Section 907 of the United States Freedom Support Act bans any kind of direct United States aid to the Azerbaijani government. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_179

Since a waiver was made in 2001 there has been extensive U.S. military cooperation with Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_180

This has included Special Forces and naval aid, consultations with United States European Command, and linkages through the U.S. National Guard State Partnership Program. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_181

On 19 May 2006, Azerbaijani Defense Minister Safar Abiyev and the then commander of United States Air Forces in Europe General Tom Hobbins met in Baku to discuss military cooperation. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_182

He said the objective of his visit was to become familiar with the state of Azerbaijani armed forces. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_183

Hobbins pointed to the progress made in the NATO-Azerbaijan relations, saying that the successful implementation of the NATO Partnership for Peace program in Azerbaijan has brought the country even closer to the alliance. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_184

He said that the two countries' air forces will expand cooperation. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_185

The U.S. state of Oklahoma is linked with Azerbaijan through the U.S. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_186 National Guard State Partnership Program (SPP). Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_187

Oklahoma National Guard troops have been sent on training and humanitarian missions to Baku. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_188

Russia Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_27

Russia is Azerbaijan's main arms supplier. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_189

"As of today, military and technical cooperation with Russia is measured at $4 billion and it tends to grow further," President Ilham Aliyev said after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Baku in 2013. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_190

Israel Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_28

Azerbaijan and Israel cooperate on numerous areas of the defense industry. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_191

Azerbaijan has shown great interest in Israeli technology over the years. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_192

In particular, an agreement was reached over the construction of the factory of intelligence and combat drones in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_193

The Israeli defense company Elta Systems Ltd has had cooperation from Azerbaijan in building the TecSAR reconnaissance satellite system, which can take high-definition photos of ground surfaces in all weather conditions. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_194

According to Azerbaijani military experts, the TecSAR system will be indispensable for military operations in the mountainous terrains of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_195

As of June 2009, Israel and Azerbaijan had been negotiating on the production of Namer armoured infantry fighting vehicles in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_196

There is no further information as to whether any agreement has been made. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_197

NATO Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_29

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Azerbaijan actively cooperate on defence institutional reforms and have developed practical cooperation in many other areas. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_198

Azerbaijan's Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) and its Partnership for Peace (PfP) linkages lay out the programme of cooperation between Azerbaijan and NATO. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_199

The Azerbaijani government has however delayed implementing IPAP-recommended reforms, however, in part at least because no decision had been taken to seek NATO membership. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_200

This is because Azerbaijan's foreign policy 'seeks to balance interests with the U.S., EU, Russia and Iran.' Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_201

According to a NATO diplomatic source some key officials at NATO headquarters in Brussels were pushing hard for engaging Azerbaijan on the membership question. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_202

"Turkey, Romania, Italy, Poland, the United Kingdom and the Baltic states," are among the member-states also backing a fast track for Azerbaijan's NATO membership. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_203

However, Azerbaijan made its policy of not being aligned with a geopolitical/military structure official when it became a full member of the Non-Aligned Movement in 2011. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_204

There is also a limited amount of military cooperation with the other countries of GUAM: Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova. Azerbaijani Armed Forces_sentence_205

See also Azerbaijani Armed Forces_section_30

Azerbaijani Armed Forces_unordered_list_6


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azerbaijani Armed Forces.