BBC Radio 1

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This article is about the British radio station operated by the BBC. BBC Radio 1_sentence_0

For the BBC's digital radio station, see BBC Radio 1Xtra. BBC Radio 1_sentence_1

For the dance station based on this station, see BBC Radio 1 Dance. BBC Radio 1_sentence_2

For other stations known as Radio 1, see Radio 1. BBC Radio 1_sentence_3

BBC Radio 1_table_infobox_0

BBC Radio 1BBC Radio 1_table_caption_0
CityBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_0_0 LondonBBC Radio 1_cell_0_0_1
Broadcast areaBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_1_0 United Kingdom and Internationally via BBC SoundsBBC Radio 1_cell_0_1_1
FrequencyBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_2_0 BBC Radio 1_cell_0_2_1
SloganBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_3_0 The 1 For...BBC Radio 1_cell_0_3_1
ProgrammingBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_4_0
Language(s)BBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_5_0 EnglishBBC Radio 1_cell_0_5_1
FormatBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_6_0 Contemporary hit radio, with specialist programming at nightBBC Radio 1_cell_0_6_1
OwnershipBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_7_0
OwnerBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_8_0 BBCBBC Radio 1_cell_0_8_1
Sister stationsBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_9_0 BBC Radio 1Xtra

BBC Radio 1 Dance BBC Radio 2 BBC Radio 3 BBC Radio 4 BBC Radio 4 Extra BBC Radio 5 Live BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra BBC Radio 6 MusicBBC Radio 1_cell_0_9_1

HistoryBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_10_0
First air dateBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_11_0 30 September 1967 (1967-09-30)BBC Radio 1_cell_0_11_1
Former frequenciesBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_12_0 BBC Radio 1_cell_0_12_1
LinksBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_13_0
WebcastBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_14_0 BBC Radio 1_cell_0_14_1
WebsiteBBC Radio 1_header_cell_0_15_0 BBC Radio 1_cell_0_15_1

BBC Radio 1 is a British national radio station owned and operated by the BBC, specialising in modern popular music and current chart hits throughout the day. BBC Radio 1_sentence_4

Radio 1 provides alternative genres at night, including electronica, dance, hip hop and indie, whilst its sister station 1Xtra plays Black contemporary music, including hip hop and R&B. BBC Radio 1_sentence_5

Radio 1 broadcasts throughout the UK on FM between 97.1 MHz and 99.7 MHz, Digital radio, digital TV and on BBC Sounds. BBC Radio 1_sentence_6

It was launched in 1967 to meet the demand for music generated by pirate radio stations, when the average age of the UK population was 27. BBC Radio 1_sentence_7

The BBC claim that they target the 15–29 age group, and the average age of its UK audience since 2009 is 30. BBC Radio 1_sentence_8

BBC Radio 1 started 24-hour broadcasting on 1 May 1991. BBC Radio 1_sentence_9

History BBC Radio 1_section_0

Further information: Timeline of BBC Radio 1 BBC Radio 1_sentence_10

First broadcast BBC Radio 1_section_1

Radio 1 was established in 1967 (along with the more middle of the road BBC Radio 2) as a successor to the BBC Light Programme, which had broadcast popular music and other entertainment since 1945. BBC Radio 1_sentence_11

Radio 1 was conceived as a direct response to the popularity of offshore pirate radio stations such as Radio Caroline and Radio London, which had been outlawed by Act of Parliament. BBC Radio 1_sentence_12

Radio 1 was launched at 7:00 am on Saturday 30 September 1967. BBC Radio 1_sentence_13

Broadcasts were on 1215 kHz AM (247 metres), using a network of transmitters which had carried the Light Programme. BBC Radio 1_sentence_14

Most were of comparatively low power, at less than 50 kilowatts, leading to patchy coverage of the country. BBC Radio 1_sentence_15

The first disc jockey to broadcast on the new station was Tony Blackburn, whose cheery style, first heard on Radio Caroline and Radio London, won him the prime slot on what became known as the "Radio 1 Breakfast Show". BBC Radio 1_sentence_16

The first words on Radio 1 – after a countdown by the Controller of Radios 1 and 2, Robin Scott, and a jingle, recorded at PAMS in Dallas, Texas, beginning "The voice of Radio 1" – were: BBC Radio 1_sentence_17

This was the first use of US-style jingles on BBC radio, but the style was familiar to listeners who were acquainted with Blackburn and other DJs from their days on pirate radio. BBC Radio 1_sentence_18

The reason jingles from PAMS were used was that the Musicians' Union would not agree to a single fee for the singers and musicians if the jingles were made "in-house" by the BBC; they wanted repeat fees each time one was played. BBC Radio 1_sentence_19

The first music to be heard on the station was "Theme One", specially composed for the launch by George Martin. BBC Radio 1_sentence_20

It was followed by an extract from "Beefeaters" by Johnny Dankworth. BBC Radio 1_sentence_21

The first complete record played on Radio 1 was "Flowers in the Rain" by The Move, the number 2 record in that week's Top 20 (the number 1 record by Engelbert Humperdink would have been inappropriate for the station's sound). BBC Radio 1_sentence_22

The second single was "Massachusetts" by The Bee Gees. BBC Radio 1_sentence_23

The breakfast show remains the most prized slot in the Radio 1 schedule, with every change of breakfast show presenter generating considerable media interest. BBC Radio 1_sentence_24

The initial rota of staff included John Peel, Pete Myers, and a gaggle of others, some transferred from pirate stations, such as Keith Skues, Ed Stewart, Mike Raven, David Ryder, Jim Fisher, Jimmy Young, Dave Cash, Kenny Everett, Simon Dee, Terry Wogan, Duncan Johnson, Doug Crawford, Tommy Vance, Chris Denning, and Emperor Rosko. BBC Radio 1_sentence_25

Many of the most popular pirate radio voices, such as Simon Dee, had only a one-hour slot per week ("Midday Spin.") BBC Radio 1_sentence_26

1970s BBC Radio 1_section_2

1980s BBC Radio 1_section_3

1990s BBC Radio 1_section_4

2000s BBC Radio 1_section_5

2010s BBC Radio 1_section_6

The licence-fee funding of Radio 1, alongside Radio 2, is often criticised by the commercial sector. BBC Radio 1_sentence_27

In the first quarter of 2011 Radio 1 was part of an efficiency review conducted by John Myers. BBC Radio 1_sentence_28

His role, according to Andrew Harrison, the chief executive of RadioCentre, was "to identify both areas of best practice and possible savings." BBC Radio 1_sentence_29

The controller of Radio 1 and sister station 1Xtra changed to Ben Cooper on 28 October 2011, following the departure of Andy Parfitt. BBC Radio 1_sentence_30

Ben Cooper answered to the Director of BBC Audio and Music, Tim Davie. BBC Radio 1_sentence_31

On 7 December 2011, Ben Cooper's first major changes to the station were announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_32

Skream & Benga, Toddla T, Charlie Sloth and Friction replaced Judge Jules, Gilles Peterson, Kissy Sell Out and Fabio & Grooverider. BBC Radio 1_sentence_33

A number of shows were shuffled to incorporate the new line-up. BBC Radio 1_sentence_34

On 28 February 2012, further changes were announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_35

Greg James and Scott Mills swapped shows and Jameela Jamil, Gemma Cairney and Danny Howard joined the station. BBC Radio 1_sentence_36

The new line-up of DJs for In New DJs We Trust was also announced with B.Traits, Mosca, Jordan Suckley and Julio Bashmore hosting shows on a four weekly rotation. BBC Radio 1_sentence_37

This new schedule took effect on Monday, 2 April 2012. BBC Radio 1_sentence_38

In September 2012, Nick Grimshaw replaced Chris Moyles as host of "Radio 1's Breakfast Show". BBC Radio 1_sentence_39

Grimshaw previously hosted Mon-Thurs 10pm-Midnight, Weekend Breakfast and Sunday evenings alongside Annie Mac. BBC Radio 1_sentence_40

Grimshaw was replaced by Phil Taggart and Alice Levine on the 10pm-Midnight show. BBC Radio 1_sentence_41

In November 2012, another series of changes were announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_42

This included the departure of Reggie Yates and Vernon Kay. BBC Radio 1_sentence_43

Jameela Jamil was announced as the new presenter of The Official Chart. BBC Radio 1_sentence_44

Matt Edmondson moved to weekend mornings with Tom Deacon briefly replacing him on Wednesday nights. BBC Radio 1_sentence_45

Dan Howell and Phil Lester, famous YouTubers and video bloggers, joined the station. BBC Radio 1_sentence_46

The changes took effect in January 2013. BBC Radio 1_sentence_47

Former presenter Sara Cox hosted her last show on Radio 1 in February 2014 before moving back to Radio 2. BBC Radio 1_sentence_48

In March 2014, Gemma Cairney left the weekend breakfast show to host the weekday early breakfast slot, swapping shows with Dev. BBC Radio 1_sentence_49

In September 2014, Radio 1 operated a series of changes to their output which saw many notable presenters leave the station – including Edith Bowman, Nihal and Rob da Bank. BBC Radio 1_sentence_50

Huw Stephens gained a new show hosting 10 pm – 1 am Monday–Wednesday with Alice Levine presenting weekends 1 pm – 4 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_51

Radio 1's Residency also expanded with Skream joining the rotational line-up on Thursday nights (10 pm – 1 am). BBC Radio 1_sentence_52

From December 2014 to April 2016, Radio 1 included a weekly late night show presented by a well known Internet personality called The Internet Takeover. BBC Radio 1_sentence_53

Shows have been presented by various YouTubers such as Jim Chapman and Hannah Witton. BBC Radio 1_sentence_54

In January 2015, Clara Amfo replaced Jameela Jamil as host of The Official Chart on Sundays (4 pm – 7 pm) and in March, Zane Lowe left Radio 1 and was replaced by Annie Mac on the new music evening show. BBC Radio 1_sentence_55

In May 2015, Fearne Cotton left the station after 10 years of broadcasting. BBC Radio 1_sentence_56

Her weekday mid-morning show was taken over by Clara Amfo. BBC Radio 1_sentence_57

Adele Roberts also joined the weekday schedule line-up, hosting the Early Breakfast show. BBC Radio 1_sentence_58

In July 2015, The Official Chart moved to a Friday from 4 pm to 5:45 pm, hosted by Greg James. BBC Radio 1_sentence_59

The move took place to take into account the changes to the release dates of music globally. BBC Radio 1_sentence_60

Cel Spellman joined the station to host Sunday evenings. BBC Radio 1_sentence_61

In September 2017, a new slot namely Radio 1's Greatest Hits was introduced for weekends 10am-1pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_62

The show started on 2 September 2017. BBC Radio 1_sentence_63

On 30 September 2017, Radio 1 celebrated its 50th birthday. BBC Radio 1_sentence_64

Commemorations include a three-day pop-up station Radio 1 Vintage celebrating the station's presenters and special on-air programmes on the day itself, including a special breakfast show co-presented by the station's launch DJ Tony Blackburn, which is also broadcast on BBC Radio 2. BBC Radio 1_sentence_65

In October 2017, another major schedule change was announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_66

Friction left the station. BBC Radio 1_sentence_67

The change features Charlie Sloth gained a new slot called 'The 8th' which aired Mon-Thu 9-11pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_68

Other changes include MistaJam took over Danny Howard on the Dance Anthems. BBC Radio 1_sentence_69

Katie Thistleton joined Cel Spellman on Sunday evenings, namely 'Life Hacks' (4-6pm) which features content from the Radio 1 Surgery, and Most Played (6-7pm). BBC Radio 1_sentence_70

Danny Howard would host a new show on Friday 11pm-1am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_71

Huw Stephens's show pushed to 11pm-1am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_72

Kan D Man and DJ Limelight joined the station to host a weekly Asian Beats show on Sundays between 1-3am, Rene LaVice joined the station with the Drum & Bass show on Tuesdays 1-3am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_73

Phil Taggart presented the Hype Chart on Tuesdays 3-4am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_74

In February 2018, the first major schedule change of the year happened on the weekend. BBC Radio 1_sentence_75

This saw Maya Jama and Jordan North join BBC Radio 1 to present the Radio 1's Greatest Hits, which would be on Saturday and Sunday respectively. BBC Radio 1_sentence_76

Alice Levine moved to the breakfast slot to join Dev. BBC Radio 1_sentence_77

Matt Edmondson would replace Alice Levine's original slot in the afternoon and joined by a different guest co-presenter each week. BBC Radio 1_sentence_78

The changes took into effect on 24 February 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_79

In April 2018, another major schedule change was made due to the incorporation of weekend schedule on Fridays. BBC Radio 1_sentence_80

This means that Nick Grimshaw, Clara Amfo and Greg James would host four days in a week. BBC Radio 1_sentence_81

Scott Mills became the new host for The Official Chart and Dance Anthems, which replaces Greg James, and Maya Jama would present The Radio 1's Greatest Hits on 10am-1pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_82

Mollie King joined Matt Edmondson officially on the 1-4pm slot, namely 'Matt and Mollie'. BBC Radio 1_sentence_83

The changes took into effect on 15 June 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_84

In May 2018, it was announced that Nick Grimshaw would leave the Breakfast Show after six years, the second longest run hosting the show in history (only second to Chris Moyles). BBC Radio 1_sentence_85

However, Grimshaw did not leave the station, but swapped slots with Greg James, who hosted the home time show from 4-7pm weekdays. BBC Radio 1_sentence_86

This change took place as of 20 August 2018 for the Radio 1 Breakfast Show (which was then renamed to Radio 1 Breakfast). BBC Radio 1_sentence_87

Nick Grimshaw's show started on 3 September 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_88

In June 2018, another series of schedule changes was announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_89

This sees the BBC Introducing Show with Huw Stephens on Sundays 11pm-1am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_90

Jack Saunders joined the station and presented Radio 1 Indie Show from Mon-Thu 11pm-1am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_91

Other changes include the shows rearrangement of Sunday evenings. BBC Radio 1_sentence_92

Phil Taggart's chillest show moved to 7-9pm, then followed by The Rock Show with Daniel P Carter at 9-11pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_93

The changes took into effect in September 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_94

In October 2018, Charlie Sloth announced that he was leaving Radio 1 and 1Xtra after serving the station for nearly 10 years. BBC Radio 1_sentence_95

He was hosting The 8th and The Rap Show at that point. BBC Radio 1_sentence_96

His last show was expected to be on 3 November 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_97

However, Charlie had been in the spotlight for storming the stage and delivering a sweary, Kanye West-esque rant at the Audio & Radio Industry Awards (ARIAS) on Thursday 18 October 2018, which points towards Edith Bowman. BBC Radio 1_sentence_98

Charlie was nominated for best specialist music show at the ARIAS – a category he lost out on to Soundtracking with Edith Bowman and prompting him to appear on stage during her acceptance. BBC Radio 1_sentence_99

He apologised on Twitter regarding this issue and Radio 1 had agreed with Charlie that he will not do the 10 remaining shows that were originally planned. BBC Radio 1_sentence_100

This meant that his last show ended on 18 October 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_101

From 20 October 2018 onwards, Seani B filled his The Rap Show slot on 9pm-11pm and Dev covered "The 8th" beginning 22 October 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_102

In the same month, B.Traits announced that she was leaving BBC Radio 1 after six years of commitment. BBC Radio 1_sentence_103

She said she feels as though she can no longer devote the necessary time needed to make the show the best it can be, and is moving on to focus on new projects and adventures. BBC Radio 1_sentence_104

Her last show was on 26 October 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_105

The Radio 1's Essentials Mix is then shifted earlier to 1am-3am, followed by Radio 1's Wind-Down from 3 am to 6 am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_106

The changes took effect from 2 November 2018 onwards. BBC Radio 1_sentence_107

At the end of October 2018, Dev's takeover on The 8th resulted in the swapping between Matt Edmondson and Mollie King's show with Dev and Alice Levine's show. BBC Radio 1_sentence_108

This meant that Matt and Mollie became the new Weekend Breakfast hosts, and Dev and Alice became the afternoon show hosts. BBC Radio 1_sentence_109

The changes came into effect on 16 November 2018. BBC Radio 1_sentence_110

On 15 November 2018, Radio 1 announced that Tiffany Calver, who has previously hosted a dedicated hip-hop show on the new-music station KissFresh, would join the station and host the Rap Show. BBC Radio 1_sentence_111

The change took effect from 5 January 2019. BBC Radio 1_sentence_112

On 26 November 2018, Radio 1 announced that the new hosts for The 8th would be those of Kiss 100's breakfast show: Rickie Haywood-Williams, Melvin Odoom and Charlie Hedges. BBC Radio 1_sentence_113

The change took effect in April 2019. BBC Radio 1_sentence_114

In July 2019 it was announced that there would be 2 new shows on the weekend, the weekend early breakfast show and best new pop both of which started on 6 September 2019. BBC Radio 1_sentence_115

The weekend early morning breakfast show would be and is currently hosted by Arielle Free. BBC Radio 1_sentence_116

It is broadcast between 4–6 AM on Friday and Saturday and Sunday between 5–7 AM. BBC Radio 1_sentence_117

Best new pop would be and is currently hosted by Mollie King and is currently broadcast between 6 and 6.30 on a Friday Morning. BBC Radio 1_sentence_118

This in turn changed the timing of the Weekend breakfast Show hosted by Mollie King and Matt Edmondson which now runs between 6.30 and 10 on Friday and on Saturday and Sunday is broadcast between 7 am and 10 am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_119

2020s BBC Radio 1_section_7

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there have been temporary changes. BBC Radio 1_sentence_120

In March 2020, The Radio 1 Breakfast Show started later at 7 am to 11 am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_121

Scott Mills would also present his show from 1 pm-3 pm with Nick Grimshaw starting until 6 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_122

BBC Radio 1 Dance Anthems now started from 3 pm with 2 hours Classic Anthems and it would end at 7 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_123

In July 2020, Alice Levine and Cel Spellman announced their resignation from BBC Radio 1. BBC Radio 1_sentence_124

In September, Vick Hope was announced to join Katie Thisleton replacing Spellman. BBC Radio 1_sentence_125

In September 2020, a new schedule was announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_126

This meant that The Radio 1 Breakfast Show was shortened by 30 minutes until 10:30 am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_127

Also, Scott Mills' show was extended from 3 to 3:30 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_128

Toddla T was also announced to be leaving the show after 11 years. BBC Radio 1_sentence_129

Annie Mac's evening show moved from 7 pm to 6 pm with Rickie, Melvin and Charlie from 8 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_130

Jack Saunders would host a new show called Radio 1's Future Artists with Jack Saunders from Monday to Wednesday. BBC Radio 1_sentence_131

Friday Schedule was also announced. BBC Radio 1_sentence_132

Radio 1 Party Anthems moved from 6 pm to 3 pm and it would be hosted by Dev. BBC Radio 1_sentence_133

Also, Annie Mac, Danny Howard, Pete Tong and Essential Mix shows moved 1 hour earlier. BBC Radio 1_sentence_134

Dance Anthems on Saturday have been confirmed starting to its original time slot from 4 pm. BBC Radio 1_sentence_135

On 26th September 2020, MistaJam left BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 1Xtra after 15 years. BBC Radio 1_sentence_136

It was announced that Charlie Hedges would take over Dance Anthems from 3rd October 2020. BBC Radio 1_sentence_137

BBC Radio 1 Dance launched on Friday 9th October. BBC Radio 1_sentence_138

The station is broadcast exclusively on BBC Sounds. BBC Radio 1_sentence_139

In November 2020 it was confirmed that Dev Griffin, Huw Stephens, and Phil Taggart would all be leaving the station. BBC Radio 1_sentence_140

Radio 1 Breakfast will return to five days per week while three new presenters will take turns hosting the early breakfast slot on Fridays. BBC Radio 1_sentence_141

Broadcast BBC Radio 1_section_8

Studios BBC Radio 1_section_9

From inception for over 20 years, Radio 1 broadcast from an adjacent pair of continuity suites (originally Con A and Con B) in the main control room of Broadcasting House. BBC Radio 1_sentence_142

These cons were configured to allow DJs to operate the equipment themselves and play their own records and jingle cartridges (called self-op). BBC Radio 1_sentence_143

This was a departure from traditional BBC practice, where a studio manager would play in discs from the studio control cubicle. BBC Radio 1_sentence_144

Due to needle time restrictions, much of the music was played from tapes of BBC session recordings. BBC Radio 1_sentence_145

The DJs were assisted by one or more technical operators (TOs) who would set up tapes and control sound levels during broadcasts. BBC Radio 1_sentence_146

In 1985, Radio 1 moved across the road from Broadcasting House to Egton House. BBC Radio 1_sentence_147

The station moved to Yalding House in 1996, and Egton House was demolished in 2003 to make way for extension to Broadcasting House. BBC Radio 1_sentence_148

This extension would eventually be renamed the Egton Wing, and then the Peel Wing. BBC Radio 1_sentence_149

Until recently, the studios were located in the basement of Yalding House (near to BBC Broadcasting House) which is on Great Portland Street in central London. BBC Radio 1_sentence_150

They used to broadcast from two main studios in the basement; Y2 and Y3 (there is also a smaller studio, YP1, used mainly for production). BBC Radio 1_sentence_151

These two main studios (Y2 and Y3) are separated by the "Live Lounge", although it is mainly used as an office; there are rarely live sets recorded from it, as Maida Vale Studios is used instead for larger set-ups. BBC Radio 1_sentence_152

The studios are linked by webcams and windows through the "Live Lounge", allowing DJs to see each other when changing between shows. BBC Radio 1_sentence_153

Y2 is the studio from where The Chris Moyles Show was broadcast and is also the studio rigged with static cameras for when the station broadcasts on the "Live Cam". BBC Radio 1_sentence_154

The station moved there in 1996 from Egton House. BBC Radio 1_sentence_155

In December 2012, Radio 1 moved from Yalding House to new studios on the 8th floor of the new BBC Broadcasting House, Portland Place, just a few metres away from the "Peel Wing", formerly the "Egton Wing", which occupies the land on which Egton House previously stood: it was renamed the "Peel Wing" in 2012 in honour of the long-serving BBC Radio 1 presenter, John Peel, who broadcast on the station from its launch in 1967 up until his death in 2004. BBC Radio 1_sentence_156

Programmes have also regularly been broadcast from other regions, notably The Mark and Lard Show, broadcast every weekday from New Broadcasting House, Oxford Road, Manchester for over a decade (October 1993 – March 2004) – the longest regular broadcast on the network from outside the capital. BBC Radio 1_sentence_157

UK analogue frequencies BBC Radio 1_section_10

Radio 1 originally broadcast on 1215 kHz AM (or 247 metres). BBC Radio 1_sentence_158

On 23 November 1978, the station was moved to 1053 kHz and 1089 kHz (275 and 285 m), but did not begin broadcasting on its own FM frequencies until late 1987. BBC Radio 1_sentence_159

The BBC had been allocated three FM frequency ranges in 1955, for the then Light Programme (now BBC Radio 2), Third Programme (now BBC Radio 3) and Home Service (now BBC Radio 4) stations. BBC Radio 1_sentence_160

Thus when Radio 1 was launched, there was no FM frequency range allocated for the station, the official reason being that there was no space, even though no commercial stations had yet launched on FM. BBC Radio 1_sentence_161

Because of this, from launch until the end of the 1980s Radio 1 was allowed to take over Radio 2's FM transmitters for a few hours per week. BBC Radio 1_sentence_162

These were Saturday afternoons, Sunday teatime and evening – most notably for the Top 40 Singles Chart on Sunday afternoons; 10 pm to midnight on weeknights including Sounds of the Seventies until 1975, and thereafter the John Peel show (Mon–Thurs) and the Friday Rock Show; and most Bank Holiday afternoons, when Radio 2 was broadcasting a Bank Holiday edition of Sport on 2. BBC Radio 1_sentence_163

The first full-time FM broadcast began in the London area on 31 October 1987, at low power on 104.8 MHz. BBC Radio 1_sentence_164

A year later the FM frequencies became national after the police communication allocation changed, freeing up what is known today as 97–99 FM, which the BBC acquired. BBC Radio 1_sentence_165

The rollout of Radio 1 on FM began on 1 September 1988, starting with Central Scotland, the Midlands and the north of England. BBC Radio 1_sentence_166

A month later, to coincide with an extension of broadcast hours, Radio 1 stopped broadcasting on Radio 2's FM frequencies on weeknights and on Sunday evenings and by 1990 all usage of Radio 2's FM frequencies had ended. BBC Radio 1_sentence_167

Radio 1 made great efforts to promote its new FM service, renaming itself on-air initially to 'Radio 1 FM' and later as '1FM' until 1995. BBC Radio 1_sentence_168

The engineering programme was initially completed in 1995. BBC Radio 1_sentence_169

The Conservative government decided to increase competition on AM and disallowed the simulcasting of services on both AM and FM, affecting both BBC and Independent Local Radio. BBC Radio 1_sentence_170

Radio 1's medium wave frequencies were reallocated to Independent National Radio. BBC Radio 1_sentence_171

Radio 1's last broadcast on MW was on 1 July 1994, with Stephen Duffy's "Kiss Me" being the last record played on MW just before 9 am. BBC Radio 1_sentence_172

For those who continued to listen, just after 9 am, Radio 1 jingles were played in reverse chronological order ending with its first jingle from 30 September 1967. BBC Radio 1_sentence_173

In the initial months after this closure a pre-recorded message with Mark Goodier was played to warn listeners that Radio 1 was now an "FM-only" station. BBC Radio 1_sentence_174

Around this time, Radio 1 began broadcasting on spare audio subcarriers on Sky Television's analogue satellite service, initially in mono (on UK Gold) and later in stereo (on UK Living). BBC Radio 1_sentence_175

Digital distribution BBC Radio 1_section_11

The BBC launched its national radio stations on DAB digital radio in 1995, however the technology was expensive at the time and so was not marketed, instead used as a test for future technologies. BBC Radio 1_sentence_176

DAB was "officially" launched in 2002 as sets became cheaper. BBC Radio 1_sentence_177

Today it can also be heard on UK digital TV services Freeview, Virgin Media, Sky and the Internet as well as FM. BBC Radio 1_sentence_178

In July 2005, Sirius Satellite Radio began simulcasting Radio 1 across the United States as channel 11 on its own service and channel 6011 on Dish Network satellite TV. BBC Radio 1_sentence_179

Sirius Canada began simulcasting Radio 1 when it was launched on 1 December 2005 (also on channel 11). BBC Radio 1_sentence_180

The Sirius simulcasts were time shifted five hours to allow US and Canadian listeners in the Eastern Time Zone to hear Radio 1 at the same time of day as UK listeners. BBC Radio 1_sentence_181

On 12 November 2008, Radio 1 made its debut on XM Satellite Radio in both the US and Canada on channel 29, moving to XM 15 and Sirius 15 on 4 May 2011. BBC Radio 1_sentence_182

Until the full station was removed in August 2011, Radio 1 was able to be heard by approximately 20.6 million listeners in North America on satellite radio alone. BBC Radio 1_sentence_183

BBC Radio 1 can be heard on cable in the Netherlands at 105.10 FM. BBC Radio 1_sentence_184

SiriusXM cancellation in North America BBC Radio 1_section_12

At midnight on 9 August 2011, Sirius XM ceased carrying BBC Radio 1 programming with no prior warning. BBC Radio 1_sentence_185

On 10 August 2011 the BBC issued the following statement: BBC Radio 1_sentence_186

Thousands of angry Sirius XM customers began a campaign on Facebook and other social media to reinstate BBC Radio 1 on Sirius XM Radio. BBC Radio 1_sentence_187

One week later, Sirius and the BBC agreed on a new carriage agreement that saw Radio 1 broadcast on a time-shifted format on the Sirius XM Internet Radio platform only, on channel 815. BBC Radio 1_sentence_188

Starting on 15 January 2012, The Official Chart Show began broadcasting on SiriusXM 20on20 channel 3, at 4 pm and 9 pm Eastern Standard Time. BBC Radio 1_sentence_189

On 19 August 2014, SiriusXM again stopped carrying BBC Radio 1 programming with no advanced notice. BBC Radio 1_sentence_190

The stream is no longer available on the Internet Radio platform. BBC Radio 1_sentence_191

Regionalisation BBC Radio 1_section_13

From 1999 until 2012, Radio 1 split the home nations for localised programming in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, to allow the broadcast of a showcase programme for regional talent. BBC Radio 1_sentence_192

Most recently, these shows were under the BBC Introducing brand. BBC Radio 1_sentence_193

Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland had their own shows, which were broadcast on a 3-week rotational basis in England. BBC Radio 1_sentence_194

From January 2011 until June 2012, Scotland's show was presented by Ally McCrae. BBC Radio 1_sentence_195

Previously it was hosted by Vic Galloway (who also presents for BBC Radio Scotland); who had presented the show solo since 2004, after his original co-host Gill Mills departed. BBC Radio 1_sentence_196

Wales's show was hosted by Jen Long between January 2011 until May 2012. BBC Radio 1_sentence_197

Previously Bethan Elfyn occupied the slot, who had at one time hosted alongside Huw Stephens, until Stephens left to join the national network, although he still broadcasts a show for Wales – a Welsh-language music show on BBC Radio Cymru on Thursday evenings. BBC Radio 1_sentence_198

Phil Taggart presented the Northern Ireland programme between November 2011 and May 2012. BBC Radio 1_sentence_199

The show was formerly presented by Rory McConnell. BBC Radio 1_sentence_200

Before joining the national network, Colin Murray was a presenter on The Session in Northern Ireland, along with Donna Legge; after Murray's promotion to the network Legge hosted alone for a time, and on her departure McConnell took her place. BBC Radio 1_sentence_201

The regional opt-outs originally went out from 8 pm to 10 pm on Thursdays (the Evening Session's time slot) and were known as the "Session in the Nations" (the "Session" tag was later dropped due to the demise of the Evening Session); they later moved to run from 7:30 pm to 9 pm, with the first half-hour of Zane Lowe's programme going out across the whole of the UK. BBC Radio 1_sentence_202

On 18 October 2007 the regional programmes moved to a Wednesday night/Thursday morning slot from midnight to 2 am under the BBC Introducing banner, allowing Lowe's Thursday show to be aired across the network; prior to this change Huw Stephens had presented the Wednesday midnight show nationally. BBC Radio 1_sentence_203

In January 2011, BBC Introducing was moved to the new time slot of midnight to 2 am on Monday mornings, and the Scottish and Welsh shows were given new presenters in the form of Ally McCrae and Jen Long. BBC Radio 1_sentence_204

The opt-outs were only available to listeners on the FM frequencies. BBC Radio 1_sentence_205

Because of the way the DAB and digital TV services of Radio 1 are broadcast (a single-frequency network on DAB and a single broadcast feed of Radio 1 on TV platforms), the digital version of the station was not regionalised. BBC Radio 1_sentence_206

The BBC Trust announced in May 2012 that the regional music programmes on Radio 1 would be replaced with a single programme offering a UK-wide platform for new music as part of a series of cost-cutting measures across the BBC. BBC Radio 1_sentence_207

In June 2012, the regional shows ended and were replaced by a single BBC Introducing show presented by Jen Long and Ally McCrae. BBC Radio 1_sentence_208

Content BBC Radio 1_section_14

Music BBC Radio 1_section_15

Because of its youth-orientated nature, Radio 1 plays a broad mix of current and potential future hits, including independent/alternative, hip hop, rock, dance/electronica and pop. BBC Radio 1_sentence_209

This made the station stand out from other top 40 stations, both in the UK and across the world. BBC Radio 1_sentence_210

Due to restrictions on the amount of commercial music that could be played on radio in the UK until 1988 (the "needle time" limitation) the station has recorded many live performances. BBC Radio 1_sentence_211

Studio sessions (recordings of about four tracks made in a single day), also supplemented the live music content, many of them finding their way to commercially available LPs and CDs. BBC Radio 1_sentence_212

The sessions recorded for John Peel's late night programme are particularly renowned. BBC Radio 1_sentence_213

The station also broadcasts documentaries and interviews. BBC Radio 1_sentence_214

Although this type of programming arose from necessity it has given the station diversity. BBC Radio 1_sentence_215

The needletime restrictions meant the station tended to have a higher level of speech by DJs. BBC Radio 1_sentence_216

While the station is often criticised for "waffling" by presenters, an experimental "more music day" in 1988 was declared a failure after only a third of callers favoured it. BBC Radio 1_sentence_217

News and current affairs BBC Radio 1_section_16

Main article: Newsbeat BBC Radio 1_sentence_218

Radio 1 has a public service broadcasting obligation to provide news, which it fulfills through Newsbeat bulletins throughout the day. BBC Radio 1_sentence_219

Shared with 1Xtra and Asian Network, short news summaries are provided roughly hourly on the half-hour during daytime hours with two additional 15-minute bulletins at select times. BBC Radio 1_sentence_220

The main presenter is Ben Mundy, with Roisin Hastie presenting during Radio 1's breakfast hours. BBC Radio 1_sentence_221

Online visualisation and social media BBC Radio 1_section_17

In recent years Radio 1 has used social media to help reach a younger audience. BBC Radio 1_sentence_222

Its YouTube channel now has over 5 million subscribers. BBC Radio 1_sentence_223

The highest viewed videos on the channel are predominately live music performances from the Live Lounge. BBC Radio 1_sentence_224

The station also has a heavy presence on social media, with audience interaction occurring through Facebook and Twitter as well as text messaging. BBC Radio 1_sentence_225

It was announced in 2013 that Radio 1 had submitted plans to launch its own dedicated video channel on the BBC iPlayer where videos of live performances as well as some features and shows would be streamed in a central location. BBC Radio 1_sentence_226

Plans were approved by the BBC Trust in November 2014 and the channel launched on 10 November 2014. BBC Radio 1_sentence_227

Special programming BBC Radio 1_section_18

Bank Holiday programming BBC Radio 1_section_19

Radio 1 provides alternative programming on some Bank Holidays. BBC Radio 1_sentence_228

Programmes have included 'The 10 Hour Takeover', a request-based special, in which the DJs on air would encourage listeners to select any available track to play, 'One Hit Wonder Day' and 'The Chart of the Decade' where the 150 biggest selling singles in the last 10 years were counted down and played in full. BBC Radio 1_sentence_229

Anniversary programming BBC Radio 1_section_20

On Sunday 30 September 2007, Radio 1 celebrated its 40th birthday. BBC Radio 1_sentence_230

To mark this anniversary Radio 1 hosted a week of special features, including a re-creation of Simon Bates' Golden Hour, and 40 different artists performing 40 different covers, one from each year since Radio 1 was established. BBC Radio 1_sentence_231

On Saturday 30 September 2017, Radio 1 celebrated its 50th birthday. BBC Radio 1_sentence_232

Tony Blackburn recreated the first ever Radio 1 broadcast on Radio 2, simulcast on pop-up station Radio 1 Vintage, followed by The Radio 1 Breakfast Show celebration, tricast on Radio 1, Radio 2 and Radio 1 Vintage, presented by Tony Blackburn and Nick Grimshaw, featuring former presenters as guests Simon Mayo, Sara Cox and Mike Read. BBC Radio 1_sentence_233

Charity BBC Radio 1_section_21

Radio 1 regularly supports charities Comic Relief, Sport Relief and Children in Need. BBC Radio 1_sentence_234

On 18 March 2011, BBC's Radio 1 longest-serving breakfast DJ Chris Moyles and sidekick Dave Vitty broadcast for 52 hours as part of a Guinness World Record attempt, in aid of Comic Relief. BBC Radio 1_sentence_235

The pair stayed on air for 52 hours in total setting a new world record for 'Radio DJ Endurance Marathon (Team)’ after already breaking Simon Mayo's 12-year record for Radio 1's Longest Show of 37 hours which he set in 1999, also for Comic Relief. BBC Radio 1_sentence_236

The presenters started on 16 March 2011 and came off air at 10:30 am on 18 March 2011. BBC Radio 1_sentence_237

During this Fearne Cotton made a bet with DJ Chris Moyles that if they raise over £2,000,000 she will appear on the show in a swimsuit. BBC Radio 1_sentence_238

After passing the £2,000,000 mark, Cotton appeared on the studio webcam in a stripy monochrome swimsuit. BBC Radio 1_sentence_239

The appearance of Cotton between 10:10 am and 10:30 am caused the Radio 1 website to crash due to a high volume of traffic. BBC Radio 1_sentence_240

In total the event raised £2,622,421 for Comic Relief. BBC Radio 1_sentence_241

Drama BBC Radio 1_section_22

In 1981, Radio 1 broadcast a radio adaptation of the space opera film, Star Wars. BBC Radio 1_sentence_242

The 13-episode serial was adapted for radio by the author Brian Daley and directed by John Madden, and was a co-production between the BBC and the American Broadcaster NPR. BBC Radio 1_sentence_243

In 1994, Radio 1 broadcast a radio adaptation of the Batman comic book storyline Knightfall, as part of the Marc Goodier show, featuring Michael Gough recreating his movie role as Alfred. BBC Radio 1_sentence_244

Later that same year, Radio 1 also broadcast a re-edited version of the Radio 4 Superman radio drama. BBC Radio 1_sentence_245

Events BBC Radio 1_section_23

Radio 1 Roadshows BBC Radio 1_section_24

The Radio 1 Roadshow, which usually involved Radio 1 DJs and pop stars travelling around popular UK seaside destinations, began in 1973, hosted by Alan Freeman in Newquay, Cornwall, with the final one held at Heaton Park, Manchester in 1999. BBC Radio 1_sentence_246

Although the Roadshow attracted large crowds and the style changed with the style of the station itself—such as the introduction of whistlestop audio postcards of each location in 1994 ("2minuteTour")—they were still rooted in the older style of the station, and therefore fit for retirement. BBC Radio 1_sentence_247

BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend BBC Radio 1_section_25

Main article: Radio 1's Big Weekend BBC Radio 1_sentence_248

In March 2000, Radio 1 decided to change the Roadshow format, renaming it One Big Sunday in the process. BBC Radio 1_sentence_249

Several of these Sundays were held in large city-centre parks. BBC Radio 1_sentence_250

In 2003, the event changed again and was rebranded One Big Weekend, with each event occurring biannually and covering two days. BBC Radio 1_sentence_251

Under this name, it visited Derry in Northern Ireland, as part of the Music Lives campaign, and Perry Park in Birmingham. BBC Radio 1_sentence_252

The most recent change occurred in 2005 when the event was yet again renamed and the decision taken to hold only one per year, this time as Radio 1's Big Weekend. BBC Radio 1_sentence_253

Venues under this title have included Herrington Country Park, Camperdown Country Park, Moor Park–which was the first Weekend to feature a third stage–Mote Park, Lydiard Park, Bangor and Carlisle Airport. BBC Radio 1_sentence_254

Tickets for each Big Weekend are given away free of charge, making it the largest free ticketed music festival in Europe. BBC Radio 1_sentence_255

BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend was replaced by a larger festival in 2012, named 'Radio 1's Hackney Weekend', with a crowd capacity of 100,000. BBC Radio 1_sentence_256

The Hackney Weekend took place over the weekend of 23–24 June 2012 in Hackney Marshes, Hackney, London. BBC Radio 1_sentence_257

The event was to celebrate the 2012 Cultural Olympiad in London and had artists such as Rihanna, Jay-Z and Florence and the Machine. BBC Radio 1_sentence_258

In 2013, Radio 1's Big Weekend returned to Derry as part of the City of Culture 2013 celebrations. BBC Radio 1_sentence_259

So far, Derry is the only city to have hosted the Big Weekend twice. BBC Radio 1_sentence_260

In May 2014, Radio 1's Big Weekend was held in Glasgow, Scotland. BBC Radio 1_sentence_261

Acts which played at the event included Rita Ora, The 1975, Katy Perry, Jake Bugg and Pharrell Williams. BBC Radio 1_sentence_262

The event was opened on the Friday with a dance set in George Square, featuring Radio 1 Dance DJs such as Danny Howard and Pete Tong, and other well-known acts such as Martin Garrix and Tiesto. BBC Radio 1_sentence_263

In 2015, the event was held in Norwich and featured performances from the likes of Taylor Swift, Muse, David Guetta, Years & Years and others. BBC Radio 1_sentence_264

2016 saw the event make its way to Exeter. BBC Radio 1_sentence_265

It was headlined by Coldplay, who closed the weekend on the Sunday evening. BBC Radio 1_sentence_266

The event was in Hull in 2017 and saw performances by artists such as Zara Larsson, Shawn Mendes, Stormzy, Katy Perry, Little Mix, Sean Paul, Rita Ora, The Chainsmokers, Clean Bandit and Kings of Leon. BBC Radio 1_sentence_267

To take advantage of Glastonbury Festival's fallow year in 2018, 4 separate Big Weekends were held simultaneously between 25 and 28 May. BBC Radio 1_sentence_268

Stylized as "BBC Music's Biggest Weekend", events were held in Swansea (with a line-up curated by Radio 1), Coventry and Perth (both curated by Radio 2) and Belfast (curated by Radio 6 Music). BBC Radio 1_sentence_269

Tickets sold out for the Swansea, Perth and Coventry Big Weekends. BBC Radio 1_sentence_270

In 2020, the Big Weekend at Dundee was cancelled as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic. BBC Radio 1_sentence_271

In May 2020, Radio 1 announced a virtual Big Weekend. BBC Radio 1_sentence_272

It took place from 22 to 24 May and featured performances from artists like Mabel and Anne-Marie. BBC Radio 1_sentence_273

Ibiza Weekend BBC Radio 1_section_26

Radio 1 has annually held a dance music weekend broadcast live from Ibiza since the 1990s. BBC Radio 1_sentence_274

The weekend is usually the first weekend in August and has performances from world-famous DJs and Radio 1's own dance music talent such as Pete Tong and Annie Mac. BBC Radio 1_sentence_275

BBC Radio 1's Teen Awards BBC Radio 1_section_27

Since 2008 Radio 1 has held an annual event for teenagers aged 14 to 17 years. BBC Radio 1_sentence_276

Originally named BBC Switch Live, the first event was held on 12 October 2008 at the Hammersmith Apollo. BBC Radio 1_sentence_277

The event has been hosted by various Radio 1 DJs and guest co-hosts. BBC Radio 1_sentence_278

In 2010 the event was renamed 'BBC Radio 1's Teen Awards', and includes awards given to celebrities and particularly inspirational young people. BBC Radio 1_sentence_279

Now hosted at Wembley Arena, the event has included guests such as One Direction, Tinie Tempah, Fall Out Boy and Jessie J. BBC Radio 1_sentence_280

The 2014 event took place on 19 October and was hosted by Nick Grimshaw and Rita Ora. BBC Radio 1_sentence_281

The 2015 event took place on 8 November and was hosted by Nick Grimshaw and Demi Lovato at Wembley Arena. BBC Radio 1_sentence_282

The 2016 event took place on 23 October and was hosted by Nick Grimshaw and Dua Lipa. BBC Radio 1_sentence_283

The 2017 event took place on 22 October and was hosted by Nick Grimshaw and Rita Ora. BBC Radio 1_sentence_284

The 2018 event took place on 21 October and was hosted by Greg James, Mollie King and Maya Jama. BBC Radio 1_sentence_285

The 2019 event took place on 24 November at Television Centre and was broadcast on Radio 1 and BBC Two on 30 November. BBC Radio 1_sentence_286

It was hosted by Greg James, Mollie King and Maya Jama BBC Radio 1_sentence_287

Edinburgh Festival BBC Radio 1_section_28

Radio 1 often has a presence at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. BBC Radio 1_sentence_288

Past events have included 'The Fun and Filth Cabaret' and 'Scott Mills: The Musical'. BBC Radio 1_sentence_289

Europe's Biggest Dance Show BBC Radio 1_section_29

"Europe's Biggest Dance Show" is a series of radio specials produced by Radio 1. BBC Radio 1_sentence_290

The first, Europe's Biggest Dance Show 2019, was broadcast on Friday 11 October 2019 where Radio 1 joined with several European radio stations, all members of the European Broadcasting Union, including Swedish SR P3, German 1LIVE and RBB Fritz, Belgian VRT Studio Brussel, Irish RTÉ 2fm, French Radio France Mouv and Dutch NPO 3FM. BBC Radio 1_sentence_291

A second show, Europe's Biggest Dance Show 2020, was broadcast on Friday 8 May 2020. BBC Radio 1_sentence_292

It had the same contributing stations as 2019, however it had begun at 7pm BST, rather than 8pm as the previous year. BBC Radio 1_sentence_293

BBC Radio 1 Dance BBC Radio 1_section_30

On the 17th of September 2020, BBC announced that it would launch another sister station for BBC Radio 1 called BBC Radio 1 Dance. BBC Radio 1_sentence_294

It would primarily play all kinds of songs from the Dance genre. BBC Radio 1_sentence_295

And it'd be online-only. BBC Radio 1_sentence_296

The station launched on the 9th of October 2020 at 6pm BST. BBC Radio 1_sentence_297

Logo history BBC Radio 1_section_31

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Awards and Nominations BBC Radio 1_section_32

International Dance Music Awards BBC Radio 1_section_33

Radio 1 has won the International Dance Music Awards every year from 2002 to 2020 with the exception of 2010. BBC Radio 1_sentence_298

See also BBC Radio 1_section_34

BBC Radio 1_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Radio 1.