Bachelor of Arts

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For the R. K. Narayan novel, see The Bachelor of Arts. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_0

"B. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_1

A." Bachelor of Arts_sentence_2

redirects here. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_3

For other uses, see BA. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_4

"A. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_5

B." Bachelor of Arts_sentence_6

redirects here. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_7

For other uses, see AB. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_8

Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB; from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is the holder of a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate program in the arts and sciences. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_9

A Bachelor of Arts degree course is generally completed in three or four years, depending on the country and institution. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_10

Bachelor of Arts_unordered_list_0

Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa Bachelor of Arts_section_0

In colleges and universities in Australia, New Zealand, Nepal, and South Africa, the BA degree can be taken over three years of full-time study. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_11

Students must pursue at least one major area of study and units from that subject are usually studied in each year, though sometimes students may choose to complete upper-level classes in the same year and as a result, can leave space for elective subjects from a different field. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_12

At some universities, students may choose to pursue a second major; alternatively, the remainder of the degree is taken up with a minor area of study (in the first two years) and other individual or stream-based subjects. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_13

Education in Canada is controlled by the provinces and can be very different depending on the province. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_14

Canadian universities typically offer four-year Bachelor of Arts degrees. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_15

In many universities and colleges, Bachelor of Arts degrees are differentiated either as BA or as honours BA degrees. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_16

Honours is an academic distinction indicating that a student achieved his or her BA degree with a sufficiently high overall grade point average; in addition, some programs may require more education than non-honours programs. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_17

Netherlands Bachelor of Arts_section_1

In the Netherlands, the BA and Master of Arts (MA) degrees were introduced in 2002. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_18

Until then, a single program led to the doctorandus degree, which comprised the same course load as the bachelor's and master's programs combined. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_19

The title doctorandus was used in almost all fields of study; other titles were used for legal studies (meester, Dutch for master, abbreviated Mr.) and engineering (ingenieur). Bachelor of Arts_sentence_20

Those who had already started the doctorandus program could, on completing it, opt for the doctorandus degree (entitling them to use "Drs." Bachelor of Arts_sentence_21

in front of their name) or could use the master's degree (postnominal letters) in accordance with the new standard. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_22

Germany Bachelor of Arts_section_2

In Germany, university-level education usually happens in either a Universität (plural: Universitäten) or a Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen); both can be referred to as a Hochschule, which is the generic term in Germany for all institutions awarding academic degrees. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_23

Fachhochschule is often translated as "University of Applied Sciences". Bachelor of Arts_sentence_24

Universitäten place greater emphasis on fundamental science and background in theory, while Fachhochschulen are generally designed with a focus on teaching professional skills. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_25

Degrees earned at Universitäten and Fachhochschulen are legally equivalent. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_26

In Germany, the B.A. course normally lasts between three and three and a half years – six or seven semesters – and the degree is awarded after the student earns between 180 and 210 ECTS. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_27

United Kingdom and Ireland Bachelor of Arts_section_3

Main article: British undergraduate degree classification Bachelor of Arts_sentence_28

In the United Kingdom (excluding Scotland) and Ireland, the first degree course normally lasts three years, but nomenclature varies: 19th-century and later universities usually distinguish between arts and sciences subjects by awarding either a B.A. or B.Sc. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_29

degree. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_30

However, some older or ancient universities, such as Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin traditionally award B.A.s to undergraduates having completed the final examinations, e.g. Part II Tripos (Cambridge), Final Honour Schools (Oxford), Moderatorship (Dublin), in most subjects including the sciences. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_31

Some new plate glass universities established in the 1960s, such as York and Lancaster originally followed the practice of Oxford and Cambridge by awarding B.A.s in all subjects, but have since changed to awarding B.Sc. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_32

degrees in science subjects. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_33

At Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin the degree of M.A. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_34

can be claimed, usually twenty-one terms after matriculation. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_35

For many centuries, the bachelor's degree was an intermediate step and was awarded for much of the work carried out in later times at secondary schools. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_36

The names of the final secondary school exams in France and Spain (and increasingly in the UK—the International Baccalaureate) come from this: le Baccalauréat and el Bachillerato, respectively. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_37

The Ancient Universities of Scotland award a Master of Arts degree to humanities or arts graduates, but a B.Sc. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_38

to science graduates. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_39

This course takes four years for an honours degree and three for an ordinary. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_40

In Scotland, it is possible to opt to take an ordinary degree rather than this simply ranking below a third class honours (for example, B.A. with distinction, merit or pass). Bachelor of Arts_sentence_41

A Bachelor of Arts is entitled to the designation B.A. for an ordinary/pass degree and B.A. (Hons) for an honours degree. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_42

Students who completed an honours B.A. sometimes style themselves by '(Hon)' or '(Hons)' after the degree abbreviation in parentheses. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_43

An honours degree is always awarded in one of four classes depending upon the marks gained in the final assessments and examinations. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_44

The top students are awarded a first-class degree, followed by an upper second-class degree (usually referred to as a 2:1), a lower second-class degree (usually referred to as a 2:2), and those with the lowest marks gain a third-class degree. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_45

An ordinary or unclassified degree (which does not give the graduate the right to add '(Hons)') may be awarded if a student has completed the full honours degree course but has not obtained the total required passes sufficient to merit a third-class honours degree. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_46

Typically these degrees lack the final year requirement of a dissertation. Bachelor of Arts_sentence_47

See also Bachelor of Arts_section_4

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bachelor of Arts.