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Not to be confused with Bayamón, Puerto Rico. Bayamo_sentence_0


CountryBayamo_header_cell_0_1_0 CubaBayamo_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceBayamo_header_cell_0_2_0 GranmaBayamo_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedBayamo_header_cell_0_3_0 November 15, 1513Bayamo_cell_0_3_1
IncorporatedBayamo_header_cell_0_4_0 1827 (city)Bayamo_cell_0_4_1
TotalBayamo_header_cell_0_6_0 918 km (354 sq mi)Bayamo_cell_0_6_1
ElevationBayamo_header_cell_0_7_0 55 m (180 ft)Bayamo_cell_0_7_1
Population (2004)Bayamo_header_cell_0_8_0
TotalBayamo_header_cell_0_9_0 222,118Bayamo_cell_0_9_1
DensityBayamo_header_cell_0_10_0 242.0/km (627/sq mi)Bayamo_cell_0_10_1
Time zoneBayamo_header_cell_0_11_0 UTC-5 (EST)Bayamo_cell_0_11_1
Postal codeBayamo_header_cell_0_12_0 85100Bayamo_cell_0_12_1
Area code(s)Bayamo_header_cell_0_13_0 +53 23Bayamo_cell_0_13_1
Vehicle registrationBayamo_header_cell_0_14_0 GBayamo_cell_0_14_1

Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region. Bayamo_sentence_1

Overview Bayamo_section_0

The community of Bayamo lies on a plain by the Bayamo River. Bayamo_sentence_2

It is affected by the violent Bayamo wind. Bayamo_sentence_3

One of the most important education institutions in the province is the University of Granma. Bayamo_sentence_4

History Bayamo_section_1

Bayamo was the second of the seven cities founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar; it was established on November 5, 1513. Bayamo_sentence_5

Francisco Iznaga, a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first 30 years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected mayor in 1540. Bayamo_sentence_6

Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage that finally settled in Trinidad, where the Torre Iznaga (Iznaga Tower) is. Bayamo_sentence_7

His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900. Bayamo_sentence_8

During much of the 16th century it was one of the most important agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Bayamo_sentence_9

Its inland situation gave it relative security against the pirates who infested West Indian seas, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of Bayamo. Bayamo_sentence_10

Down the Cauto River, then open to the sea for vessels of 200 tons, and through Manzanillo, Bayamo drove a thriving contraband trade that made it the leading town of Cuba at the opening of the 17th century. Bayamo_sentence_11

A tremendous flood, in 1616, choked the Cauto with trees and wrecked vessels, cutting it off from direct access to the sea; but through Manzanillo it continued a great clandestine traffic with Curaçao, Jamaica, and other foreign islands throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. Bayamo_sentence_12

Bayamo was then surrounded by fine plantations. Bayamo_sentence_13

In 1827 it acquired the status of city. Bayamo_sentence_14

In the war of 1868–1878 it was an insurgent stronghold. Bayamo_sentence_15

One of the most desperate conflicts of the war was fought nearby, and it was nearly destroyed by the opposing parties. Bayamo_sentence_16

Demographics Bayamo_section_2

In 2004, the municipality of Bayamo had a population of 222,118. Bayamo_sentence_17

With a total area of 918 km (354 sq mi), it has a population density of 242.0/km (627/sq mi). Bayamo_sentence_18

Transportation Bayamo_section_3

Bayamo is an under-recognized world leader in sustainable transportation. Bayamo_sentence_19

Per a UN study only about 15% of commuters rely on motorized transport and almost three times as many (39%) rely on about 500 licensed horse-drawn carriages generally following fixed routes. Bayamo_sentence_20

The rest of the non-pedestrian traffic is bicycle and bicycle taxi. Bayamo_sentence_21

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Airport satisfies the city's commercial aviation needs; it has service to Havana on Cubana Airlines. Bayamo_sentence_22

Notable residents Bayamo_section_4


See also Bayamo_section_5


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