Bell Labs

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For buildings named Bell Telephone Laboratories, see Bell Laboratories Building (Manhattan). Bell Labs_sentence_0

Bell Labs_table_infobox_0

Nokia Bell LabsBell Labs_table_caption_0
TypeBell Labs_header_cell_0_0_0 SubsidiaryBell Labs_cell_0_0_1
IndustryBell Labs_header_cell_0_1_0 Telecommunication, Information technology, Material scienceBell Labs_cell_0_1_1
FoundedBell Labs_header_cell_0_2_0 1925; 95 years ago (1925) (as Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.)Bell Labs_cell_0_2_1
HeadquartersBell Labs_header_cell_0_3_0 Murray Hill, New Jersey, U.S.Bell Labs_cell_0_3_1
Key peopleBell Labs_header_cell_0_4_0 Marcus WeldonBell Labs_cell_0_4_1
ParentBell Labs_header_cell_0_5_0 AT&T (1925–96)

Western Electric (1925–83) Lucent (1996–2006) Alcatel-Lucent (2006–16) Nokia (2016–present)Bell Labs_cell_0_5_1

WebsiteBell Labs_header_cell_0_6_0 Bell Labs_cell_0_6_1

Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named Bell Labs Innovations (1996–2007), AT&T Bell Laboratories (1984–1996) and Bell Telephone Laboratories (1925–1984)) is an American industrial research and scientific development company owned by Finnish company Nokia. Bell Labs_sentence_1

With headquarters located in Murray Hill, New Jersey, the company operates several laboratories in the United States and around the world. Bell Labs_sentence_2

Bell Labs has its origins in the complex past of the Bell System. Bell Labs_sentence_3

In the late 19th century, the laboratory began as the Western Electric Engineering Department and was located at 463 West Street in New York City. Bell Labs_sentence_4

In 1925, after years of conducting research and development under Western Electric, the Engineering Department was reformed into Bell Telephone Laboratories and under the shared ownership of American Telephone & Telegraph Company and Western Electric. Bell Labs_sentence_5

Researchers working at Bell Labs are credited with the development of radio astronomy, the transistor, the laser, the photovoltaic cell, the charge-coupled device (CCD), information theory, the Unix operating system, and the programming languages B, C, C++, and S. Bell Labs_sentence_6

Nine Nobel Prizes have been awarded for work completed at Bell Laboratories. Bell Labs_sentence_7

Origin and historical locations Bell Labs_section_0

Bell's personal research after the telephone Bell Labs_section_1

In 1880, when the French government awarded Alexander Graham Bell the Volta Prize of 50,000 francs (approximately US$10,000 at that time; about $270,000 in January 2019's dollars) for the invention of the telephone, he used the award to fund the Volta Laboratory (Alexander Graham Bell Laboratory) in Washington, D.C. in collaboration with Sumner Tainter and Bell's cousin Chichester Bell. Bell Labs_sentence_8

The laboratory was variously known as the Volta Bureau, the Bell Carriage House, the Bell Laboratory and the Volta Laboratory. Bell Labs_sentence_9

It focused on the analysis, recording, and transmission of sound. Bell Labs_sentence_10

Bell used his considerable profits from the laboratory for further research and education to permit the "[increased] diffusion of knowledge relating to the deaf": resulting in the founding of the Volta Bureau (c. 1887) which was located at Bell's father's house at 1527 35th Street N.W. in Washington, D.C. Its carriage house became their headquarters in 1889. Bell Labs_sentence_11

In 1893, Bell constructed a new building close by at 1537 35th Street N.W., specifically to house the lab. Bell Labs_sentence_12

This building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1972. Bell Labs_sentence_13

After the invention of the telephone, Bell maintained a relatively distant role with the Bell System as a whole, but continued to pursue his own personal research interests. Bell Labs_sentence_14

Early antecedent Bell Labs_section_2

The Bell Patent Association was formed by Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Sanders, and Gardiner Hubbard when filing the first patents for the telephone in 1876. Bell Labs_sentence_15

Bell Telephone Company, the first telephone company, was formed a year later. Bell Labs_sentence_16

It later became a part of the American Bell Telephone Company. Bell Labs_sentence_17

American Telephone & Telegraph Company (AT&T) and its own subsidiary company, took control of American Bell and the Bell System by 1889. Bell Labs_sentence_18

American Bell held a controlling interest in Western Electric (which was the manufacturing arm of the business) whereas AT&T was doing research into the service providers. Bell Labs_sentence_19

In 1884, the American Bell Telephone Company created the Mechanical Department from the Electrical and Patent Department formed a year earlier. Bell Labs_sentence_20

Formal organization and location changes Bell Labs_section_3

In 1896, Western Electric bought property at 463 West Street to station their manufacturers and engineers who had been supplying AT&T with their product. Bell Labs_sentence_21

This included everything from telephones, telephone exchange switches, and transmission equipment. Bell Labs_sentence_22

In 1925, Bell Laboratories was developed to better consolidate the research activities of the Bell System. Bell Labs_sentence_23

Ownership was evenly split between Western Electric and AT&T. Bell Labs_sentence_24

Throughout the next decade the AT&T Research and Development branch moved into West Street. Bell Labs_sentence_25

Bell Labs also carried out consulting work for the Bell Telephone Company, U.S. government work, and a few workers were assigned to basic research. Bell Labs_sentence_26

The first president of research at Bell Labs was Frank B. Jewett who stayed there until 1940. Bell Labs_sentence_27

By the early 1940s, Bell Labs engineers and scientists had begun to move to other locations away from the congestion and environmental distractions of New York City, and in 1967 Bell Laboratories headquarters was officially relocated to Murray Hill, New Jersey. Bell Labs_sentence_28

Among the later Bell Laboratories locations in New Jersey were Holmdel, Crawford Hill, the Deal Test Site, Freehold, Lincroft, Long Branch, Middletown, Neptune, Princeton, Piscataway, Red Bank, Chester, and Whippany. Bell Labs_sentence_29

Of these, Murray Hill and Crawford Hill remain in existence (the Piscataway and Red Bank locations were transferred to and are now operated by Telcordia Technologies and the Whippany site was purchased by Bayer). Bell Labs_sentence_30

The largest grouping of people in the company was in Illinois, at Naperville-Lisle, in the Chicago area, which had the largest concentration of employees (about 11,000) prior to 2001. Bell Labs_sentence_31

There also were groups of employees in Indianapolis, Indiana; Columbus, Ohio; North Andover, Massachusetts; Allentown, Pennsylvania; Reading, Pennsylvania; and Breinigsville, Pennsylvania; Burlington, North Carolina (1950s–1970s, moved to Greensboro 1980s) and Westminster, Colorado. Bell Labs_sentence_32

Since 2001, many of the former locations have been scaled down or closed. Bell Labs_sentence_33

The Holmdel site, a 1.9 million square foot structure set on 473 acres, was closed in 2007. Bell Labs_sentence_34

The mirrored-glass building was designed by Eero Saarinen. Bell Labs_sentence_35

In August 2013, Somerset Development bought the building, intending to redevelop it into a mixed commercial and residential project. Bell Labs_sentence_36

A 2012 article expressed doubt on the success of the newly named Bell Works site, but several large tenants had announced plans to move in through 2016 and 2017. Bell Labs_sentence_37

Discoveries and developments Bell Labs_section_4

Notable alumni Bell Labs_section_5

Bell Labs_table_general_1

Bell Labs_header_cell_1_0_0 AlumniBell Labs_header_cell_1_0_1 NotesBell Labs_header_cell_1_0_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_1_0 Ali JavanBell Labs_cell_1_1_1 Invented the gas laser in 1960.Bell Labs_cell_1_1_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_2_0 Arno Allan PenziasBell Labs_cell_1_2_1 Discovered background radiation, with Robert W. Wilson, originating from the Big Bang and won the Nobel Prize in 1978 for the discovery.Bell Labs_cell_1_2_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_3_0 Arthur AshkinBell Labs_cell_1_3_1 Has been considered as the father of the topical field of optical tweezers, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018.Bell Labs_cell_1_3_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_4_0 Arthur HebardBell Labs_cell_1_4_1 Noted for leading the discovery of superconductivity in Buckminsterfullerene in 1991.Bell Labs_cell_1_4_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_5_0 Bishnu AtalBell Labs_cell_1_5_1 Developed new speech processing and encoding algorithms, including fundamental work on linear prediction of speech and linear predictive coding (LPC), and the development of (CELP) speech encoding, the basis for all speech communication codecs in mobile and Internet voice communications.Bell Labs_cell_1_5_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_6_0 Bjarne StroustrupBell Labs_cell_1_6_1 Was the head of Bell Labs Large-scale Programming Research department, from its creation until late 2002 and created the C++ programming language.Bell Labs_cell_1_6_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_7_0 Brian KernighanBell Labs_cell_1_7_1 Helped create Unix, AWK, AMPL, and The C Programming Language (book)Bell Labs_cell_1_7_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_8_0 Claire F. GmachlBell Labs_cell_1_8_1 Developed novel designs for solid-state lasers leading to advances in the development of quantum cascade lasers.Bell Labs_cell_1_8_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_9_0 Claude ShannonBell Labs_cell_1_9_1 Founded information theory with the publishing of A Mathematical Theory of Communication in 1948. He is perhaps equally well known for founding both digital computer and digital circuit design theory in 1937, when, as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical, numerical relationship. Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his basic work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications. For two months early in 1943, Shannon came into contact with the leading British cryptanalyst and mathematician Alan Turing. Shannon and Turing met at teatime in the cafeteria. Turing showed Shannon his 1936 paper that defined what is now known as the "Universal Turing machine"; this impressed Shannon, as many of its ideas complemented his own.Bell Labs_cell_1_9_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_10_0 Clinton DavissonBell Labs_cell_1_10_1 Davisson and Lester Germer performed an experiment showing that electrons were diffracted at the surface of a crystal of nickel. This celebrated Davisson-Germer experiment confirmed the de Broglie hypothesis that particles of matter have a wave-like nature, which is a central tenet of quantum mechanics. Their observation of diffraction allowed the first measurement of a wavelength for electrons. He shared the Nobel Prize in 1937 with George Paget Thomson, who independently discovered electron diffraction at about the same time as Davisson.Bell Labs_cell_1_10_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_11_0 Corinna CortesBell Labs_cell_1_11_1 Head of Google Research, New York.Bell Labs_cell_1_11_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_12_0 Daniel TsuiBell Labs_cell_1_12_1 Along with Robert Laughlin and Horst Störmer discovered new form of quantum fluid.Bell Labs_cell_1_12_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_13_0 David A. B. MillerBell Labs_cell_1_13_1 Bell Labs_cell_1_13_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_14_0 Dawon KahngBell Labs_cell_1_14_1 Invented the MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) with Mohamed M. Atalla in 1959. It revolutionized the electronics industry, and is the most widely used semiconductor device in the world.Bell Labs_cell_1_14_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_15_0 Dennis RitchieBell Labs_cell_1_15_1 Created the C programming language and, with long-time colleague Ken Thompson, the Unix operating system.Bell Labs_cell_1_15_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_16_0 Donald CoxBell Labs_cell_1_16_1 Received the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal (1993)Bell Labs_cell_1_16_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_17_0 Elizabeth BaileyBell Labs_cell_1_17_1 Worked in technical programming at Bell Laboratories from 1960 to 1972, before transferring to the economic research section from 1972 to 1977.Bell Labs_cell_1_17_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_18_0 Eric BetzigBell Labs_cell_1_18_1 An American physicist who worked to develop the field of fluorescence microscopy and photoactivated localization microscopy. He was awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy" along with Stefan Hell and fellow Cornell alumnus William E. Moerner.Bell Labs_cell_1_18_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_19_0 Eric SchmidtBell Labs_cell_1_19_1 Did a complete re-write with Mike Lesk of Lex, a program to generate lexical analysers for the Unix computer operating system.Bell Labs_cell_1_19_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_20_0 Erna Schneider HooverBell Labs_cell_1_20_1 Invented the computerized telephone switching method.Bell Labs_cell_1_20_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_21_0 Esther M. ConwellBell Labs_cell_1_21_1 Studied effects of high electric fields on electron transport in semiconductors, member of the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.Bell Labs_cell_1_21_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_22_0 Evelyn HuBell Labs_cell_1_22_1 Pioneer in the fabrication of nanoscale electronic and photonic devices.Bell Labs_cell_1_22_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_23_0 George E. SmithBell Labs_cell_1_23_1 Led research into novel lasers and semiconductor devices. During his tenure, Smith was awarded dozens of patents and eventually headed the VLSI device department. George E. Smith shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics with Willard Boyle for "the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD sensor, which has become an electronic eye in almost all areas of photography".Bell Labs_cell_1_23_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_24_0 Gil AmelioBell Labs_cell_1_24_1 Amelio was on the team that demonstrated the first working charge-coupled device (CCD). Worked at Fairchild Semiconductor, and the semiconductor division of Rockwell International but is best remembered as a CEO of National Semiconductor and Apple Inc.Bell Labs_cell_1_24_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_25_0 Harvey FletcherBell Labs_cell_1_25_1 "father of stereophonic sound". As Director of Research at Bell Labs, he oversaw research in electrical sound recording, including more than 100 stereo recordings with conductor Leopold Stokowski in 1931–1932.Bell Labs_cell_1_25_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_26_0 Horst Ludwig StörmerBell Labs_cell_1_26_1 Along with Robert Laughlin and Daniel Tsui discovered new form of quantum fluid.Bell Labs_cell_1_26_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_27_0 John HopcroftBell Labs_cell_1_27_1 Received the Turing Award jointly with Robert Tarjan in 1986 for fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.Bell Labs_cell_1_27_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_28_0 Ingrid DaubechiesBell Labs_cell_1_28_1 Developed the orthogonal Daubechies wavelet and the biorthogonal Cohen–Daubechies–Feauveau wavelet. She is best known for her work with wavelets in image compression (such as JPEG 2000) and digital cinema.Bell Labs_cell_1_28_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_29_0 Jessie MacWilliamsBell Labs_cell_1_29_1 Developed the MacWilliams identities in coding theory.Bell Labs_cell_1_29_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_30_0 Dr. John E. AbateBell Labs_cell_1_30_1 AT&T Fellow (1996) and Bell Telephone Labs Fellow (1990), awarded for: "Substantial and fundamental contributions, nationally and internationally, in the area of digital synchronization planning for public and private networks." He was a Distinguished MTS and Manager at AT&T's BTL during its golden age of innovation. His scientific contributions are cited in numerous articles on communications and astronautics systems. He was responsible for AT&T's network synchronization, digital network design and architecture, network planning and modeling of customer private networks, synchronization industry interface standards, and analysis of video and speech networks. In 1983, he founded the ANSI Standards Working Group responsible for developing synchronization standards for digital telecommunication networks within the United States. From 1983 to 1986, he served as its Chairman. From 1986 to 1989, he served as a member of the Panel for Basic Standards, Board on Assessment of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (formerly the National Bureau of Standards). He was cited in Who's Who in America, and in Who's Who in Science and Engineering. In 1992, he was awarded the NJIT Alumni Honor Roll Award.Bell Labs_cell_1_30_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_31_0 John MasheyBell Labs_cell_1_31_1 Worked on the PWB/UNIX operating system at Bell Labs from 1973 to 1983, authoring the PWB shell, also known as the "Mashey Shell".Bell Labs_cell_1_31_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_32_0 John M. ChambersBell Labs_cell_1_32_1 Developed the statistical programming language S which is the forerunner to R.Bell Labs_cell_1_32_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_33_0 John BardeenBell Labs_cell_1_33_1 With William Shockley and Walter Brattain, the three scientists invented the point-contact transistor in 1947 and were jointly awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.Bell Labs_cell_1_33_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_34_0 Jon HallBell Labs_cell_1_34_1 Executive Director of Linux International,Bell Labs_cell_1_34_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_35_0 Ken ThompsonBell Labs_cell_1_35_1 Designed and implemented the original Unix operating system. He also invented the B programming language, the direct predecessor to the C programming language, and was one of the creators and early developers of the Plan 9 operating systems. With Joseph Henry Condon he designed and built Belle, the first chess machine to earn a master rating. Since 2006, Thompson has worked at Google, where he co-invented the Go programming language.Bell Labs_cell_1_35_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_36_0 Laurie SpiegelBell Labs_cell_1_36_1 Electronic musician and engineer known for developing the algorithmic composition software Music Mouse.Bell Labs_cell_1_36_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_37_0 Margaret H. WrightBell Labs_cell_1_37_1 Pioneer in numerical computing and mathematical optimization, head of the Scientific Computing Research Department and Bell Labs Fellow, president of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.Bell Labs_cell_1_37_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_38_0 Max MathewsBell Labs_cell_1_38_1 Wrote MUSIC, the first widely used program for sound generation, in 1957.Bell Labs_cell_1_38_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_39_0 Mohamed M. AtallaBell Labs_cell_1_39_1 Developed the silicon surface passivation process in 1957, and then invented the MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor), the first practical implementation of a field-effect transistor, with Dawon Kahng in 1959. This led to a breakthrough in semiconductor technology, and revolutionized the electronics industry.Bell Labs_cell_1_39_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_40_0 Narendra KarmarkarBell Labs_cell_1_40_1 Developed Karmarkar's algorithm.Bell Labs_cell_1_40_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_41_0 Osamu FujimuraBell Labs_cell_1_41_1 Japanese physicist, phonetician and linguist, recognized as one of the pioneers of speech science. Invented the C/D model of speech articulation.Bell Labs_cell_1_41_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_42_0 Persi DiaconisBell Labs_cell_1_42_1 Known for tackling mathematical problems involving randomness and randomization, such as coin flipping and shuffling playing cards.Bell Labs_cell_1_42_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_43_0 Philip Warren AndersonBell Labs_cell_1_43_1 In 1977 Anderson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his investigations into the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems, which allowed for the development of electronic switching and memory devices in computers.Bell Labs_cell_1_43_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_44_0 Phyllis FoxBell Labs_cell_1_44_1 Co-wrote the DYNAMO simulation programming language, principal author of the first LISP manual, and developed the PORT Mathematical Subroutine Library.Bell Labs_cell_1_44_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_45_0 Richard HammingBell Labs_cell_1_45_1 Created a family of mathematical error-correcting code, which are called Hamming codes. Programmed one of the earliest computers, the IBM 650, and with Ruth A. Weiss developed the L2 programming language, one of the earliest computer languages, in 1956.Bell Labs_cell_1_45_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_46_0 Robert LaughlinBell Labs_cell_1_46_1 Along with Horst Störmer and Daniel Tsui discovered new form of quantum fluid.Bell Labs_cell_1_46_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_47_0 Rob PikeBell Labs_cell_1_47_1 A member of the Unix team and was involved in the creation of the Plan 9 and Inferno operating systems, as well as the Limbo programming language. Co-authored the books The Unix Programming Environment and The Practice of Programming with Brian Kernighan. Co-created the UTF-8 character encoding standard with Ken Thompson, the Blit graphical terminal with Bart Locanthi Jr. and the sam and acme text editors. Pike has worked at Google, where he co-created the Go and Sawzall programming languages.Bell Labs_cell_1_47_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_48_0 Robert TarjanBell Labs_cell_1_48_1 Received the Turing Award jointly with John Hopcroft in 1986 for fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.Bell Labs_cell_1_48_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_49_0 Robert W. WilsonBell Labs_cell_1_49_1 Discovered background radiation, with Arno Allan Penzias, originating from the Big Bang and won the Nobel Prize in 1978 for that.Bell Labs_cell_1_49_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_50_0 Steve BourneBell Labs_cell_1_50_1 Created the Bourne shell, the adb debugger and authored the book The Unix System. He also served as president of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) (2000-2002), was made a fellow of the ACM (2005), received the ACM Presidential Award (2008) and the Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (2017).Bell Labs_cell_1_50_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_51_0 Steven ChuBell Labs_cell_1_51_1 Known for his research at Bell Labs and Stanford University in cooling and trapping of atoms with laser light, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997, along with his scientific colleagues Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William Daniel Phillips.Bell Labs_cell_1_51_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_52_0 Steven CundiffBell Labs_cell_1_52_1 Was instrumental in the development of the first frequency comb that led to one half of the 2005 Nobel prize. Also made significant contributions to the ultrafast dynamics of semiconductor nanostructures, including the 2014 discovery of the dropleton quasi-particle.Bell Labs_cell_1_52_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_53_0 Stuart FeldmanBell Labs_cell_1_53_1 Creator of the computer software program make for UNIX systems. He was also an author of the first Fortran 77 compiler, and he was part of the original group at Bell Labs that created the Unix operating system.Bell Labs_cell_1_53_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_54_0 Trevor HastieBell Labs_cell_1_54_1 Known for his contributions to applied statistics, especially in the field of machine learning, data mining, and bioinformatics.Bell Labs_cell_1_54_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_55_0 Zhenan BaoBell Labs_cell_1_55_1 Development of the first all plastic transistor, or organic field-effect transistors which allows for its use in electronic paper.Bell Labs_cell_1_55_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_56_0 Walter Houser BrattainBell Labs_cell_1_56_1 With fellow scientists John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the point-contact transistor in December, 1947. They shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for their invention.Bell Labs_cell_1_56_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_57_0 Willard BoyleBell Labs_cell_1_57_1 Shares the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics with George E. Smith for "the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit—the CCD sensor, which has become an electronic eye in almost all areas of photography."Bell Labs_cell_1_57_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_58_0 William B. SnowBell Labs_cell_1_58_1 Made major contributions to acoustics from 1923–1940. Fellow of the Audio Engineering Society (AES), received its Gold Medal Award in 1968.Bell Labs_cell_1_58_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_59_0 William ShockleyBell Labs_cell_1_59_1 With John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, the three scientists invented the point-contact transistor in 1947 and were jointly awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.Bell Labs_cell_1_59_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_60_0 Yann LeCunBell Labs_cell_1_60_1 Recognized as a founding father of convolutional neural networks and for work on optical character recognition and computer vision. He received the Turing Award in 2018 with Geoffrey Hinton and Yoshua Bengio for their work in deep learning.Bell Labs_cell_1_60_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_61_0 Yoshua BengioBell Labs_cell_1_61_1 Received the Turing Award in 2018 with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun for their work in deep learning.Bell Labs_cell_1_61_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_62_0 Edward Lawry NortonBell Labs_cell_1_62_1 Famous for the Norton's theorem.Bell Labs_cell_1_62_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_63_0 Maurice KarnaughBell Labs_cell_1_63_1 Famous for the Karnaugh map.Bell Labs_cell_1_63_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_64_0 Warren P. MasonBell Labs_cell_1_64_1 Founder of distributed-element circuits, inventor of the GT quartz crystal, and many discoveries and inventions in ultrasonics and acoustics.Bell Labs_cell_1_64_2
Bell Labs_cell_1_65_0 Sharon HaynieBell Labs_cell_1_65_1 Developed DuPont's bio-3G product line and adhesives to close wounds.Bell Labs_cell_1_65_2

Bell Labs_unordered_list_0

Programs Bell Labs_section_6

On May 20, 2014, Bell Labs announced the Bell Labs Prize, a competition for innovators to offer proposals in information and communication technologies, with cash awards of up to $100,000 for the grand prize. Bell Labs_sentence_38

Bell Labs Technology Showcase Bell Labs_section_7

The Murray Hill campus features a 3,000-square-foot (280 m) exhibit, the Bell Labs Technology Showcase, showcasing the technological discoveries and developments at Bell Labs. Bell Labs_sentence_39

The exhibit is located just off the main lobby and is open to the public. Bell Labs_sentence_40

See also Bell Labs_section_8

Bell Labs_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Labs.