Berklee College of Music

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This article is about the college of music in Massachusetts. Berklee College of Music_sentence_0

For the research university in California, see University of California, Berkeley. Berklee College of Music_sentence_1

Berklee College of Music_table_infobox_0

Berklee College of MusicBerklee College of Music_table_caption_0
Former namesBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_0_0 Schillinger House

Berklee School of MusicBerklee College of Music_cell_0_0_1

MottoBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_1_0 Esse quam videri (Latin)Berklee College of Music_cell_0_1_1
Motto in EnglishBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_2_0 To be, rather than to seemBerklee College of Music_cell_0_2_1
TypeBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_3_0 PrivateBerklee College of Music_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_4_0 1945; 75 years ago (1945)Berklee College of Music_cell_0_4_1
EndowmentBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_5_0 $363.0 million (2019)Berklee College of Music_cell_0_5_1
PresidentBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_6_0 Roger H. BrownBerklee College of Music_cell_0_6_1
Academic staffBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_7_0 522Berklee College of Music_cell_0_7_1
StudentsBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_8_0 5,272Berklee College of Music_cell_0_8_1
LocationBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_9_0 Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.Berklee College of Music_cell_0_9_1
CampusBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_10_0 UrbanBerklee College of Music_cell_0_10_1
ColorsBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_11_0 Red and grayBerklee College of Music_cell_0_11_1
AffiliationsBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_12_0 NEASC

Professional Arts ConsortiumBerklee College of Music_cell_0_12_1

MascotBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_13_0 Mingus the Jazz CatBerklee College of Music_cell_0_13_1
WebsiteBerklee College of Music_header_cell_0_14_0 Berklee College of Music_cell_0_14_1

Berklee College of Music is a private music college in Boston, Massachusetts. Berklee College of Music_sentence_2

It is the largest independent college of contemporary music in the world. Berklee College of Music_sentence_3

Known for the study of jazz and modern American music, it also offers college-level courses in a wide range of contemporary and historic styles, including rock, hip hop, reggae, salsa, heavy metal and bluegrass. Berklee College of Music_sentence_4

Berklee alumni have won 297 Grammy Awards, more than any other college, and 108 Latin Grammy Awards. Berklee College of Music_sentence_5

Other notable accolades for its alumni include 34 Emmy Awards, 7 Tony Awards, 8 Academy Awards and 3 Saturn Awards. Berklee College of Music_sentence_6

Since 2012, Berklee College of Music has also operated a campus in Valencia, Spain. Berklee College of Music_sentence_7

In December 2015, Berklee College of Music and the Boston Conservatory agreed to a merger. Berklee College of Music_sentence_8

The combined institution is known as Berklee, with the conservatory becoming The Boston Conservatory at Berklee. Berklee College of Music_sentence_9

History Berklee College of Music_section_0

Schillinger House (1945–54) Berklee College of Music_section_1

In 1945, pianist, composer, arranger and MIT graduate Lawrence Berk founded Schillinger House, the precursor to the Berklee School of Music, after quitting his job at Raytheon. Berklee College of Music_sentence_10

Located at 284 Newbury St. in Boston's Back Bay, the school specialized in the Schillinger System of harmony and composition developed by Joseph Schillinger. Berklee College of Music_sentence_11

Berk had studied with Schillinger. Berklee College of Music_sentence_12

Instrumental lessons and a few classes in traditional theory, harmony, and arranging were also offered. Berklee College of Music_sentence_13

At the time of its founding almost all music schools focused primarily on classical music, but Schillinger House offered training in jazz and commercial music for radio, theater, television, and dancing. Berklee College of Music_sentence_14

At first, most students were working professional musicians. Berklee College of Music_sentence_15

Many students were former World War II service members who attended under the G.I. Berklee College of Music_sentence_16 Bill. Berklee College of Music_sentence_17

Initial enrollment was fewer than 50 students, but by 1949 there were more than 500 students. Berklee College of Music_sentence_18

In 1954, when the school's curriculum had expanded to include music education classes and more traditional music theory, Berk changed the name to Berklee School of Music, after his 12-year-old son Lee Eliot Berk, to reflect the broader scope of instruction. Berklee College of Music_sentence_19

Berklee School of Music (1954–70) Berklee College of Music_section_2

Lawrence Berk placed great emphasis on learning from practitioners, as opposed to academics, and generally hired working musicians as faculty members. Berklee College of Music_sentence_20

Several of the school's best-known musician-educators arrived after the school's name change. Berklee College of Music_sentence_21

In 1956, trumpeter Herb Pomeroy joined the faculty and remained until his retirement in 1996. Berklee College of Music_sentence_22

Drummer Alan Dawson and saxophonist Charlie Mariano became faculty members in 1957. Berklee College of Music_sentence_23

Reed player John LaPorta began teaching in 1962. Berklee College of Music_sentence_24

Like many of Berk's ideas, this practice continues into the present. Berklee College of Music_sentence_25

Although far more emphasis is placed on academic credentials among new faculty hires than in the past, experienced performers such as Gary Burton, Mick Goodrick, Pat Metheny, Arif Mardin, Aydin Esen, Hal Crook, Dave Santoro, Ed Tomassi, Ted Pease, Joe Lovano, and Danilo Perez have served as faculty over the years. Berklee College of Music_sentence_26

Another trend in the school's history also began in the mid-1950s. Berklee College of Music_sentence_27

During this period, the school began to attract international students in greater numbers. Berklee College of Music_sentence_28

For example, Japanese pianist Toshiko Akiyoshi arrived in 1956. Berklee College of Music_sentence_29

Multiple Grammy-winning producer Arif Mardin came from Turkey to study at the school in 1958. Berklee College of Music_sentence_30

In 1957, Berklee initiated the first of many innovative applications of technology to music education with Jazz in the Classroom, a series of LP recordings of student work, accompanied by scores. Berklee College of Music_sentence_31

These albums contain early examples of composing, arranging, and performing by students who went on to prominent jazz careers, such as Gary Burton, John Abercrombie, John Scofield, Ernie Watts, Alan Broadbent, Sadao Watanabe, and many others. Berklee College of Music_sentence_32

The series, which continued until 1980, was a precursor to subsequent Berklee-affiliated recording labels. Berklee College of Music_sentence_33

These later releases provided learning experiences not only for student composers and performers, but also for students in newly created majors in music engineering and production, and music business and management. Berklee College of Music_sentence_34

Berklee awarded its first bachelor of music degrees in 1966. Berklee College of Music_sentence_35

Members of the first graduating class to receive degrees included Alf Clausen, Stephen Gould and Michael Rendish. Berklee College of Music_sentence_36

Gould taught film scoring at Berklee and is currently the Program Director for the Educational Leadership PhD program at Lesley University. Berklee College of Music_sentence_37

During the 1960s, the Berklee curriculum began to reflect new developments in popular music, such the rise of rock and roll, soul and funk, and jazz-rock fusion. Berklee College of Music_sentence_38

In 1962, Berklee offered the first college-level instrumental major for guitar. Berklee College of Music_sentence_39

The guitar department initially had nine students, and today it is the largest single instrumental major at the college. Berklee College of Music_sentence_40

1962: Guitarist Jack Petersen accepted an invitation by Lawrence Berk, founder of Berklee, to design and chair the first formal guitar curriculum at Berklee College of Music. Berklee College of Music_sentence_41

Berk discovered Petersen through his affiliation with the Stan Kenton Band Clinics. Berklee College of Music_sentence_42

Trombonist Phil Wilson joined the faculty in 1965. Berklee College of Music_sentence_43

His student ensemble, the Dues Band, helped introduce current popular music into the ensemble curriculum, and later as the Rainbow Band, performed world music and jazz fusions. Berklee College of Music_sentence_44

In 1969, new courses in rock and popular music were added to the curriculum, the first ever offered at the college level. Berklee College of Music_sentence_45

The first college course on jingle writing was also offered in 1969. Berklee College of Music_sentence_46

Berklee College of Music (1970–present) Berklee College of Music_section_3

The school became Berklee College of Music in 1970 and bestowed its first honorary doctorate on Duke Ellington in 1971. Berklee College of Music_sentence_47

Vibraphonist Gary Burton joined the faculty in 1971, helping to solidify the place of jazz-rock fusion in the curriculum. Berklee College of Music_sentence_48

As Dean of Curriculum from 1985 to 1996, Burton led the development of several new majors, including music synthesis and songwriting, and facilitated the school's transition to technology-based education. Berklee College of Music_sentence_49

Curriculum innovations during the 1970s included the first college-level instrumental major in electric bass guitar in 1973, and the first jazz-rock ensemble class in 1974. Berklee College of Music_sentence_50

In 1979, Berklee founder Lawrence Berk stepped down as president. Berklee College of Music_sentence_51

The board of trustees appointed his son, Lee Eliot Berk, to replace him. Berklee College of Music_sentence_52

Under new leadership, the school underwent further growth and diversification of its curriculum. Berklee College of Music_sentence_53

The college offered the world's first undergraduate degree program in film scoring starting in 1980. Berklee College of Music_sentence_54

Beginning in 1981, the string department curriculum expanded to include many stylistic idioms besides classical music. Berklee College of Music_sentence_55

In 1986, the world's first college-level major in music synthesis was offered, followed by the world's first college songwriting major in 1987. Berklee College of Music_sentence_56

Instrumental majors also expanded to include the first college hand-percussion major in 1988. Berklee College of Music_sentence_57

The college was also the first third-level institution in the world to offer a course in Electric Bass Guitar. Berklee College of Music_sentence_58

While many conservatories offer a major in Double Bass, Berklee's former bass chair Tim Appleman was a pioneer in bass education and understood the impact this change could bring. Berklee College of Music_sentence_59

The number of international students has grown steadily to 24.2% of total enrollment in 2010 and 28% as of the 2012–2013 academic year. Berklee College of Music_sentence_60

Berklee expanded its community outreach efforts in 1991 with the launch of City Music, a program designed to make music instruction available to underserved youth in the Boston area. Berklee College of Music_sentence_61

On a more global scale, Berklee partnered with selected music schools around the world to form the Berklee International Network in 1993. Berklee College of Music_sentence_62

Another new major, in music therapy, was offered beginning in 1996. Berklee College of Music_sentence_63

In 2003, the school began offering classes online through, now called Berklee Online under the leadership of Dave Kusek. Berklee College of Music_sentence_64

Other curriculum developments included the incorporation of a hip-hop course in 2004. Berklee College of Music_sentence_65

In 2004, Lee Eliot Berk stepped down as president of the school his father had founded, and Roger H. Brown was installed as the college's third president. Berklee College of Music_sentence_66

Under Brown's leadership the college's enrollment has grown and diversified, admission has become highly selective, and significant increases have occurred in the retention (above 80% in 2016) and graduation rate (above 60% in 2015). Berklee College of Music_sentence_67

In 2006, mandolin and banjo were accepted as principal instruments for the first time. Berklee College of Music_sentence_68

The college also initiated an Africana Studies program, the Berklee Global Jazz Institute, and an American Roots Music Program. Berklee College of Music_sentence_69

In October 2013, Berklee Online launched its online degree programs, and began accepting applications for the Bachelor of Professional Studies in two majors: music production, and music business. Berklee College of Music_sentence_70

In January 2014, the college launched the Berklee Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship (Berklee ICE), a new campus center which offers courses, workshops, research and an incubation environment to encourage music businesses startup companies. Berklee College of Music_sentence_71

In June 2015, Berklee College of Music and The Boston Conservatory announced that the governing boards for the two schools had approved plans to pursue a proposed merger. Berklee College of Music_sentence_72

On January 19, 2016, the two schools announced that they would be merging. Berklee College of Music_sentence_73

The agreement was signed the next day, with Berklee College of Music being renamed Berklee, and the Conservatory being renamed The Boston Conservatory at Berklee. Berklee College of Music_sentence_74

For the fall semester of 2020, the college only plans to teach classes online as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Berklee College of Music_sentence_75

Sexual harassment allegations Berklee College of Music_section_4

In November 2017, the Boston Globe reported a culture of sexual harassment exists on the campus with three male professors allowed to quietly leave the school after student reports of sexual misconduct with teachers. Berklee College of Music_sentence_76

Berklee's administrators released a statement saying, in part, that the college has rigorous policies and procedures in place to deal with claims of sexual harassment. Berklee College of Music_sentence_77

On November 13, students staged a silent protest and class walkout to address the allegations of sexual harassment by teachers and staff. Berklee College of Music_sentence_78

Also on November 13, college president, Roger Brown addressed over 1,200 students and apologized to the affected students and pledged to "root out abusive behavior." Berklee College of Music_sentence_79

He also stated that the school has terminated eleven faculty members in the past thirteen years due to sexual harassment and sexual assault. Berklee College of Music_sentence_80

The college has worked to strengthen policies to prevent sexual harassment and abuse and has taken a number of measures to create a better and safer environment, including instituting "training courses, creating a working group, and diversifying leadership.” Berklee College of Music_sentence_81

Academics Berklee College of Music_section_5

Berklee College of Music is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges (NEASC). Berklee College of Music_sentence_82

NEASC is the regional accreditation agency for schools and colleges located in the New England region of the United States. Berklee College of Music_sentence_83

Students at Berklee are exposed to a range of instruments, musical styles, and career options, so they can explore possibilities and find their own paths. Berklee College of Music_sentence_84

Toward that end, Berklee offers student musicians courses of study toward a fully accredited four-year baccalaureate degree or professional diploma. Berklee College of Music_sentence_85

Students may combine many of Berklee's 12 majors, depending on the nature of the program. Berklee College of Music_sentence_86

The dual major program requires a five-year course of study and is available to both degree and diploma candidates. Berklee College of Music_sentence_87

Admission Berklee College of Music_section_6

Berklee's admission process is holistic - it focuses primarily on an audition, an interview, and on the applicant's academic record. Berklee College of Music_sentence_88

For the 2017–2018 school year, the acceptance rate for the Berklee College of Music Boston was 33.8% for the Boston Conservatory it was 38%, and for Berklee Online it was 66%. Berklee College of Music_sentence_89

From 2014 to 2017, Berklee reported acceptance rates ranging from 28 to 36%. Berklee College of Music_sentence_90

As of fall 2018, Admissions updated its applications reporting to count only paid applications. Berklee College of Music_sentence_91

Previous years' totals includes all partial applications, regardless of status or payment. Berklee College of Music_sentence_92

Berklee offers three different terms for entering full-time students: the traditional fall semester, spring, and summer. Berklee College of Music_sentence_93

Unlike other colleges, entering students may choose their own entering semester. Berklee College of Music_sentence_94

Typically, the deadlines are November 1 (early action) and January 15 (regular action) for fall semester, July 1 for spring semester, and December 1 for summer semester. Berklee College of Music_sentence_95

As part of the application to the college, applicants are required to complete a live audition and interview. Berklee College of Music_sentence_96

An integral part of selecting the entering class is the audition and interview experience, designed to show applicants' strengths while helping the school to assess applicants' talent and potential to succeed in Berklee's dynamic environment. Berklee College of Music_sentence_97

Although there is a general format for the audition and interview, each experience is unique. Berklee College of Music_sentence_98

Berklee considers all applicants for both admission and scholarship through the audition and interview process. Berklee College of Music_sentence_99

Starting in 2014, the college will audition some applicants online using high speed internet technology. Berklee College of Music_sentence_100

Berklee is known for its high cost of attendance, with the total undergraduate cost without aid at around $63,000 forcing many low-income students to quit after the first two semesters, or take out large loans, as the school offers only very few merit-based scholarships, and close to no need-based grants. Berklee College of Music_sentence_101

Harvard University Dual Degree Program Berklee College of Music_section_7

In July 2016, Berklee announced a dual bachelor's/master's program with Harvard University. Berklee College of Music_sentence_102

Upon completion of the program, students will earn Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) Berklee College of Music_sentence_103

at Harvard College and a Master of Music (M.M.) or a Master of Arts (M.A.) at Berklee. Berklee College of Music_sentence_104

Demographics Berklee College of Music_section_8

As of the 2013–2014 academic year, total enrollment at Berklee was 4,402. Berklee College of Music_sentence_105

Of students enrolled in degree programs, 29% were female, 11% were African American, and 10% were Hispanic. Berklee College of Music_sentence_106

Students from 100 countries outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 30% of the student population. Berklee College of Music_sentence_107

South Korea, Japan, Canada, Mexico, and China were the top five countries of origin. Berklee College of Music_sentence_108

In addition to students attending the Berklee campus in Boston, in the 2012–2013 academic year, approximately 5,000 students took online courses through Berklee Online. Berklee College of Music_sentence_109

Facilities Berklee College of Music_section_9

Berklee remained at its original location at 284 Newbury Street from its founding in 1945 to 1966, when it moved into the larger 1140 Boylston Street building, the former Hotel Bostonian. Berklee College of Music_sentence_110

Beginning in 1972 an era of more rapid expansion began with the purchase of the Fenway Theatre and the adjoining Sherry Biltmore Hotel at 150 Massachusetts Avenue. Berklee College of Music_sentence_111

The theater was renovated and opened as the 1,227-seat Berklee Performance Center in 1976. Berklee College of Music_sentence_112

The former Biltmore Hotel provided additional classroom and practice room spaces and residence halls. Berklee College of Music_sentence_113

It also houses the library, which was renamed the Stan Getz Library and Media Center in 1998. Berklee College of Music_sentence_114

The 150 Massachusetts Avenue building is also the site of the Berklee Learning Center, which when it opened in 1993, was the world's largest networked computer learning facility for music education. Berklee College of Music_sentence_115

The Genko Uchida Center at 921 Boylston Street opened in 1997 and houses the offices for enrollment, admissions, scholarships and student employment, the registrar, financial aid, bursar, rehearsal and classroom space, and the 200-seat David Friend Recital Hall. Berklee College of Music_sentence_116

At 939 Boylston Street, Café 939, the nation's only student-run, all-ages night club, hosts a full program of student performers, local and national acts, and community programs. Berklee College of Music_sentence_117

As of 2014, Berklee occupied 25 buildings primarily in the Back Bay area of Boston, near the intersection of Boylston Street and Massachusetts Avenue. Berklee College of Music_sentence_118

Within these buildings were 40 recording studios, 5 film/video scoring and editing facilities, and 9 music synthesis facilities. Berklee College of Music_sentence_119

The studios of the five-channel, commercial-free Berklee Internet Radio Network (BIRN), which launched in 2007, were also housed on campus. Berklee College of Music_sentence_120

A new Liberal Arts building at 7 Haviland Street was dedicated in 2010. Berklee College of Music_sentence_121

It houses the Liberal Arts, Music Therapy, and Music Business Departments, as well as the Africana Studies program. Berklee College of Music_sentence_122

In early 2011, Berklee College of Music announced its plan of building 3 new buildings along Massachusetts Avenue. Berklee College of Music_sentence_123

The first building, a 16-story mixed-use building at 160 Massachusetts Avenue that include 370 dorm rooms, a two-story cafeteria, a performance center, 14,000 square feet (1,300 m) of recording studios, and retail space, opened in February 2014. Berklee College of Music_sentence_124

The Boston Globe architecture critic Robert Campbell described it "as (a) very good building". Berklee College of Music_sentence_125

The building received the American Institute of Architects' 2015 Housing Award, being named one of the best 10 residential projects of the previous year. Berklee College of Music_sentence_126

The second building is planned to be built on top of the existing 130–136 Massachusetts Avenue (The Berklee Performance Centre). Berklee College of Music_sentence_127

The new building is expected to house additional 450 students, as well as a performing center, in its 24-story tall structure. Berklee College of Music_sentence_128

The third building is planned to be at 161–171 Massachusetts Avenue, which is expected to contain more academic and administrative space for the Berklee College of Music. Berklee College of Music_sentence_129

Berklee València Berklee College of Music_section_10

Berklee València is the college's first international campus, housed in the Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia. Berklee College of Music_sentence_130

Queen Sofía Palace of the Arts is the final structure built of a grand City of Arts and Sciences concept designed by the Valencia-born and internationally known architect Santiago Calatrava, which began construction in 1995 and was opened on 8 October 2005. Berklee College of Music_sentence_131

Special programs and professional certificates Berklee College of Music_section_11

Berklee's campus in València regularly offers unique programs in contemporary music. Berklee College of Music_sentence_132

These include clinics, workshops, and seminars as well as short, concentrated sessions in areas such as performance, flamenco, film scoring, music business, technology and production, and education. Berklee College of Music_sentence_133

It also offers a two-week summer performance program in addition to the five-week program in Boston. Berklee College of Music_sentence_134

Boston Conservatory at Berklee Berklee College of Music_section_12

On January 19, 2016, the Berklee and Boston Conservatory announced that they would merge under an institutional umbrella called Berklee, which now consists of Boston Conservatory at Berklee, Berklee College of Music, Berklee Online, and Berklee Valencia. Berklee College of Music_sentence_135

Berklee Online Berklee College of Music_section_13

Berklee Online is the online extension school of Berklee College of Music. Berklee College of Music_sentence_136

The school delivers access to Berklee's curriculum to students around the world. Berklee College of Music_sentence_137

Berklee Online's online music courses, multi-course certificate programs, and Bachelor of Professional Studies online degree programs are accredited and taught by the college's faculty and industry professionals. Berklee College of Music_sentence_138

The school also provides free Berklee online music resources through Berklee Shares, massive open online courses (MOOCs) including Coursera, EdX, and Kadenze. Berklee College of Music_sentence_139

From 2005 to 2012, the University Professional Continuing Education Association (UPCEA) awarded Berklee Online with its Best Online College Course Award. Berklee College of Music_sentence_140

Since its inception, Berklee Online has taught more than 30,000 students from 144 countries. Berklee College of Music_sentence_141

Former Berklee Online students include members of Nine Inch Nails, Dave Matthews Band (Stefan Lessard), Karmin (Amy Heidemann), Sugarland (Annie Clements, Brandon Bush, Thad Beatty), and Train. Berklee College of Music_sentence_142

Online degree programs Berklee College of Music_section_14

In October 2013, the online school began accepting applications for its 120-credit online degree in two majors: Bachelor of Professional Studies in Music Production and Bachelor of Professional Studies in Music Business. Berklee College of Music_sentence_143

In November 2014, Berklee Online added three new degree majors to its Bachelor of Professional Studies program: Electronic Music Production and Sound Design, Music Composition for Film, TV, and Games, and Interdisciplinary Music Studies, a major that allows students to build their own program based on their musical interests and goals. Berklee College of Music_sentence_144

Since then, the college has continued to expand its online bachelor's degree major offerings, adding Guitar, Songwriting, and Songwriting and Producing Music to the roster. Berklee College of Music_sentence_145

The college is reportedly the first nonprofit music institution to offer regionally accredited bachelor's degrees online. Berklee College of Music_sentence_146

Alumni Berklee College of Music_section_15

Main article: List of alumni of Berklee College of Music Berklee College of Music_sentence_147

See also Berklee College of Music_section_16

Berklee College of Music_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: College of Music.