Bill Cosby

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Bill Cosby_table_infobox_0

Bill CosbyBill Cosby_header_cell_0_0_0
Birth nameBill Cosby_header_cell_0_1_0 William Henry Cosby Jr.Bill Cosby_cell_0_1_1
BornBill Cosby_header_cell_0_2_0 (1937-07-12) July 12, 1937 (age 83)

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.Bill Cosby_cell_0_2_1

MediumBill Cosby_header_cell_0_3_0 Stand-up comedy, film, televisionBill Cosby_cell_0_3_1
Alma materBill Cosby_header_cell_0_4_0 Temple University (BS)

University of Massachusetts Amherst (Ed.D.)Bill Cosby_cell_0_4_1

Years activeBill Cosby_header_cell_0_5_0 Bill Cosby_cell_0_5_1
GenresBill Cosby_header_cell_0_6_0 Observational comedy, satire, surreal humor, deadpanBill Cosby_cell_0_6_1
SpouseBill Cosby_header_cell_0_7_0 Camille Hanks ​(m. 1964)​Bill Cosby_cell_0_7_1
ChildrenBill Cosby_header_cell_0_8_0 5, including Erika Cosby and Ennis CosbyBill Cosby_cell_0_8_1
WebsiteBill Cosby_header_cell_0_9_0 Bill Cosby_cell_0_9_1
Criminal statusBill Cosby_header_cell_0_10_0 Currently incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution – Phoenix, classified as sexually violent predatorBill Cosby_cell_0_10_1
Conviction(s)Bill Cosby_header_cell_0_11_0 3 counts of aggravated indecent assaultBill Cosby_cell_0_11_1
Criminal chargeBill Cosby_header_cell_0_12_0 3 counts of aggravated indecent assaultBill Cosby_cell_0_12_1
PenaltyBill Cosby_header_cell_0_13_0 3–10 years in state prison and a $25,000 fine, with an earliest release date of September 25, 2021Bill Cosby_cell_0_13_1

William Henry Cosby Jr. (/ˈkɒzbi/; born July 12, 1937) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, author and convicted sex offender. Bill Cosby_sentence_0

Cosby began his career as a stand-up comic at the hungry i in San Francisco during the 1960s. Bill Cosby_sentence_1

He then landed a starring role in the television show I Spy, followed by his own sitcom The Bill Cosby Show, which ran for two seasons from 1969 to 1971. Bill Cosby_sentence_2

In 1972, using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created, produced, and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids which ran until 1985, centering on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area. Bill Cosby_sentence_3

Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in about half a dozen films, and he occasionally returned to film later in his career. Bill Cosby_sentence_4

In 1976, he earned his Doctor of Education from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Bill Cosby_sentence_5

His dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools. Bill Cosby_sentence_6

Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in the television sitcom The Cosby Show, which aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America from 1985 through 1989. Bill Cosby_sentence_7

The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Bill Cosby_sentence_8

Cosby produced the spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993. Bill Cosby_sentence_9

He also starred in The Cosby Mysteries from 1994 to 1995 and in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000 and hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things from 1998 to 2000. Bill Cosby_sentence_10

In the mid-2010s, numerous women made sexual assault accusations against Cosby, the earliest dating back to 1965. Bill Cosby_sentence_11

More than 60 women have accused him of either attempted sexual assault, rape, drug-facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, or sexual misconduct, all of which he has denied, and the statute of limitations had by the mid-2010s expired in nearly all cases. Bill Cosby_sentence_12

Cosby was found guilty of three counts of aggravated indecent assault and sentenced to three to ten years in prison in September 2018. Bill Cosby_sentence_13

He is currently incarcerated at the State Correctional Institution – Phoenix in Pennsylvania. Bill Cosby_sentence_14

Early life Bill Cosby_section_0

Cosby was born on July 12, 1937, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Bill Cosby_sentence_15

He is one of four sons of Anna Pearl (née Hite), a maid, and William Henry Cosby Sr., who served as a mess steward in the U.S. Bill Cosby_sentence_16 Navy. Bill Cosby_sentence_17

Cosby was the class president as well as captain of both the baseball and track and field teams at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia. Bill Cosby_sentence_18

Teachers noted his propensity for joking around instead of studying, and he described himself as the class clown. Bill Cosby_sentence_19

At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby acted in plays and continued to compete in sports. Bill Cosby_sentence_20

Cosby attended Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet school and academically rigorous college prep school, where he ran track and played baseball, football, and basketball. Bill Cosby_sentence_21

He transferred to Germantown High School but failed the tenth grade. Bill Cosby_sentence_22

In 1956, Cosby enlisted in the Navy and served as a hospital corpsman at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia; at Naval Station Argentia in Newfoundland, Canada; and at the National Naval Medical Center in Maryland. Bill Cosby_sentence_23

He worked in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel who were injured during the Korean War. Bill Cosby_sentence_24

Cosby earned his high school equivalency diploma through correspondence courses and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Temple University in 1961. Bill Cosby_sentence_25

At Temple, he studied physical education while he ran track and played fullback on the college's football team. Bill Cosby_sentence_26

He began bartending at a Philadelphia club, where he earned bigger tips by making the customers laugh. Bill Cosby_sentence_27

He then began performing on stage. Bill Cosby_sentence_28

Stand-up career Bill Cosby_section_1

Bill Cosby_table_infobox_1

External audioBill Cosby_header_cell_1_0_0

Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy. Bill Cosby_sentence_29

He lined up stand-up jobs at clubs in Philadelphia and then in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1961. Bill Cosby_sentence_30

He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. In the summer of 1963, he received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show. Bill Cosby_sentence_31

This led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP, Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow...Right! Bill Cosby_sentence_32 , the first of a series of comedy albums. Bill Cosby_sentence_33

His album To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With was number one on Spin magazine's list of "The 40 Greatest Comedy Albums of All Time", calling it "stand-up comedy's masterpiece". Bill Cosby_sentence_34

While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore controversial and sometimes risqué material, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood. Bill Cosby_sentence_35

Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. Bill Cosby_sentence_36

As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly; as he argued, "A white person listens to my act and he laughs and he thinks, 'Yeah, that's the way I see it too.' Bill Cosby_sentence_37

Okay. Bill Cosby_sentence_38

He's white. Bill Cosby_sentence_39

I'm Negro. Bill Cosby_sentence_40

And we both see things the same way. Bill Cosby_sentence_41

That must mean that we are alike. Bill Cosby_sentence_42

Right? Bill Cosby_sentence_43

So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy." Bill Cosby_sentence_44

In 1983, Cosby released the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself which is widely regarded as "the greatest comedy concert film ever". Bill Cosby_sentence_45

Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have credited Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of stand-up comedy, as well as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Bill Cosby_sentence_46

Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to even consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story. Bill Cosby_sentence_47

He created that. Bill Cosby_sentence_48

He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote 'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see on stage." Bill Cosby_sentence_49

Comedian Larry Wilmore also saw a connection between Bill Cosby: Himself and the later success of The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show." Bill Cosby_sentence_50

Cosby performed his first TV stand-up special in 30 years, Bill Cosby: Far from Finished, on Comedy Central on November 23, 2013. Bill Cosby_sentence_51

His last show of the "Far from Finished" tour was performed at the Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre in Atlanta, Georgia on May 2, 2015. Bill Cosby_sentence_52

In 2014, Cosby was set to release his new standup special Bill Cosby 77 on Netflix. Bill Cosby_sentence_53

The release of the film was canceled due to allegations of sexual assault against Cosby. Bill Cosby_sentence_54

His last known standup performance prior to his conviction was held at the LaRose Jazz Club in Philadelphia on January 23, 2018. Bill Cosby_sentence_55

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Bill Cosby among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. Bill Cosby_sentence_56

Acting career Bill Cosby_section_2

1960s: I Spy Bill Cosby_section_3

In 1965, Cosby was cast alongside Robert Culp in the I Spy espionage adventure series on NBC. Bill Cosby_sentence_57

I Spy became the first weekly dramatic television series to feature an African-American in a starring role. Bill Cosby_sentence_58

At first, Cosby and NBC executives were concerned that some affiliates might be unwilling to carry the series. Bill Cosby_sentence_59

At the beginning of the 1965 season, four stations declined the show; they were in Georgia, Florida, and Alabama. Bill Cosby_sentence_60

Viewers were taken with the show's exotic locales and the authentic chemistry between the stars. Bill Cosby_sentence_61

It became one of the ratings hits of the season. Bill Cosby_sentence_62

I Spy finished among the twenty most-watched shows that year, and Cosby was honored with three consecutive Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. Bill Cosby_sentence_63

When accepting his third Emmy for the show, Cosby told the audience: "Let the message be known to bigots and racists that they don't count!" Bill Cosby_sentence_64

During the series' run, Cosby continued to do stand-up comedy performances and recorded half a dozen record albums for Warner Bros. Records. Bill Cosby_sentence_65

He also began to dabble in singing, recording Silver Throat: Bill Cosby Sings in 1967. Bill Cosby_sentence_66

In June 1968, Billboard magazine reported that Cosby had turned down a five-year, $3.5 million contract renewal offer and would leave the label in August that year to record for his own record label. Bill Cosby_sentence_67

In July 1968, Cosby narrated Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed, a CBS documentary addressing the representation of black people in popular culture. Bill Cosby_sentence_68

Andy Rooney wrote the Emmy-awarded script for Cosby to read. Bill Cosby_sentence_69

Georgetown University professor Michael Eric Dyson said it was one of "the rare exceptions when Cosby took off the gloves and blinders, to discuss race in public with candor and discernment". Bill Cosby_sentence_70

Due to its popularity and controversial nature, it was rebroadcast less than a month later. Bill Cosby_sentence_71

Tetragrammaton Records, a division of the Campbell, Silver, Cosby (CSC) Corporation—the Los Angeles–based production company founded by Cosby, his manager Roy Silver, and filmmaker Bruce Post Campbell—produced films as well as records, including Cosby's television specials, the Fat Albert cartoon special and series, and several motion pictures. Bill Cosby_sentence_72

CSC hired Artie Mogull as President of the label. Bill Cosby_sentence_73

Tetragrammaton was fairly active during 1968–69 (its most successful signing was British heavy rock band Deep Purple) but it quickly went into the red and ceased trading during the 1970s. Bill Cosby_sentence_74

1970s: Fat Albert, and The Bill Cosby Show Bill Cosby_section_4

Cosby pursued a variety of additional television projects and appeared as a regular guest host on The Tonight Show and as the star of an annual special for NBC. Bill Cosby_sentence_75

In 1969, he returned with another series, The Bill Cosby Show, a situation comedy that ran for two seasons. Bill Cosby_sentence_76

Cosby played a physical education teacher at a Los Angeles high school. Bill Cosby_sentence_77

While only a modest critical success, the show was a ratings hit, finishing eleventh in its first season. Bill Cosby_sentence_78

Cosby was lauded for using African-American performers such as Lillian Randolph, Moms Mabley, and Rex Ingram as characters. Bill Cosby_sentence_79

According to commentary on the Season 1 DVDs for the show, Cosby was at odds with NBC over his refusal to include a laugh track in the show, as he felt viewers had the ability to find humor for themselves when watching a TV show. Bill Cosby_sentence_80

After The Bill Cosby Show left the air, Cosby resumed his formal education. Bill Cosby_sentence_81

He began graduate work at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Bill Cosby_sentence_82

For the PBS series The Electric Company, Cosby recorded several segments teaching reading skills to young children. Bill Cosby_sentence_83

When Cosby was about 35 years old in 1972, he received an MA from UMass Amherst and was also back in prime time with a variety series, The New Bill Cosby Show. Bill Cosby_sentence_84

However, this show lasted only a season. Bill Cosby_sentence_85

More successful was a Saturday-morning cartoon, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, hosted by Cosby and based on his own childhood. Bill Cosby_sentence_86

That series ran from 1972 to 1979, then ran as The New Fat Albert Show in 1979, and finally ran as The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. Bill Cosby_sentence_87

In 1984, Cosby wrote a dissertation: "An Integration of the Visual Media Via 'Fat Albert And The Cosby Kids' into the Elementary School Curriculum as a Teaching Aid and Vehicle to Achieve Increased Learning". Bill Cosby_sentence_88

This was as partial fulfillment for his 1976 doctorate in education from UMass. Bill Cosby_sentence_89

Subsequently, Temple University granted him his bachelor's degree on the basis of "life experience". Bill Cosby_sentence_90

During the 1970s, Cosby and other African-American actors, including Sidney Poitier, joined forces to make some successful comedy films to counter the violent "blaxploitation" films of the era, such as Uptown Saturday Night in 1974; Let's Do It Again in 1975; and in 1976, Mother, Jugs & Speed, co-starring Raquel Welch and Harvey Keitel. Bill Cosby_sentence_91

About this last film, a Rotten Tomatoes reviewer wrote, "Bill Cosby steals the film outright with his hilarious performance as 'Mother', the streetwise seen-it-all EMT." Bill Cosby_sentence_92

In 1976, Cosby starred in A Piece of the Action with Poitier; and California Suite, a compilation of four Neil Simon plays. Bill Cosby_sentence_93

He also hosted Cos in 1976. Bill Cosby_sentence_94

In addition, he produced an hour-long variety show featuring puppets, sketches, and musical numbers. Bill Cosby_sentence_95

It was during this season that ABC decided to take advantage of this phase of Cosby's career, by joining with Filmation producers of Fat Albert to create live-action segments starring Cosby, for the 1964/1971 animated film Journey Back to Oz; it subsequently aired in syndication. Bill Cosby_sentence_96

Cosby was also a regular on children's public television programs starting in the 1970s, hosting the "Picture Pages" segments that lasted into the early 1980s. Bill Cosby_sentence_97

1980s: The Cosby Show Bill Cosby_section_5

Main articles: The Cosby Show and Bill Cosby in advertising Bill Cosby_sentence_98

Cosby's greatest television success came in September 1984 with the debut of The Cosby Show. Bill Cosby_sentence_99

Cosby, an advocate for family-oriented humor, co-produced the series, held creative control, and involved himself in every aspect of production. Bill Cosby_sentence_100

Plots were often based on ideas that Cosby suggested while in meetings with the writing staff. Bill Cosby_sentence_101

The show had parallels to Cosby's actual family life: like the characters Cliff and Clair Huxtable, Cosby and his wife Camille were college-educated and financially successful, and they had five children. Bill Cosby_sentence_102

On the show, Cosby played the role of an obstetrician. Bill Cosby_sentence_103

Much of the material from the pilot and first season of The Cosby Show was taken from his video Bill Cosby: Himself, released in 1983. Bill Cosby_sentence_104

The series was an immediate success, debuting near the top of the ratings and staying there for most of its eight-season run. Bill Cosby_sentence_105

In 1987, Cosby attempted to return to film with the spy spoof Leonard Part 6. Bill Cosby_sentence_106

Although Cosby himself was the producer and wrote the story, he realized during production that the film was not going to be what he wanted and publicly denounced it, warning audiences to stay away. Bill Cosby_sentence_107

Later in the 1980s, Cosby served as an advisor to the Los Angeles Student Film Institute. Bill Cosby_sentence_108

1990s and 2000s Bill Cosby_section_6

After The Cosby Show went off the air in 1992, Cosby embarked on a number of other projects, which included a revival of the classic Groucho Marx game show You Bet Your Life (1992–93), the TV-movie I Spy Returns (1994), and The Cosby Mysteries (1994). Bill Cosby_sentence_109

In the mid-1990s, he appeared as a detective in black-and-white film noir-themed commercials for Turner Classic Movies. Bill Cosby_sentence_110

He made appearances in three more films: Ghost Dad (1990), The Meteor Man (1993), and Jack (1996). Bill Cosby_sentence_111

In addition, he was interviewed in Spike Lee's 4 Little Girls (1997), a documentary about the 1963 racist bombing of a church in Birmingham, Alabama. Bill Cosby_sentence_112

Also in 1996, he started up a new show for CBS, Cosby, again co-starring Phylicia Rashād, his onscreen wife on The Cosby Show. Bill Cosby_sentence_113

Cosby co-produced the show for Carsey-Werner Productions. Bill Cosby_sentence_114

It centered on Cosby as Hilton Lucas, an iconoclastic senior citizen who tries to find a new job after being downsized and, in the meantime, gets on his wife's nerves. Bill Cosby_sentence_115

Madeline Kahn co-starred as Rashād's goofy business partner Pauline. Bill Cosby_sentence_116

Cosby was hired by CBS to be the official spokesman of its Detroit affiliate WWJ-TV during an advertising campaign from 1995 to 1998. Bill Cosby_sentence_117

Cosby also hosted a CBS special, Kids Say the Darndest Things on February 6, 1995, which was followed after as a full season show, with Cosby as host, from January 9, 1998, to June 23, 2000. Bill Cosby_sentence_118

After four seasons, Cosby was canceled. Bill Cosby_sentence_119

Its last episode aired April 28, 2000. Bill Cosby_sentence_120

Kids Say the Darndest Things was terminated the same year. Bill Cosby_sentence_121

A series for preschoolers, Little Bill, created by Cosby as a semi-biographical representation of his childhood growing up in Philadelphia, made its debut on Nickelodeon in 1999. Bill Cosby_sentence_122

The network renewed the popular program in November 2000. Bill Cosby_sentence_123

In 2001, Cosby's agenda included the publication of a new book, as well as delivering the commencement addresses at Morris Brown College, Ohio State University, and at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Bill Cosby_sentence_124

Also that year, he signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to develop a live-action feature film centering on the popular Fat Albert character from his 1970s cartoon series. Bill Cosby_sentence_125

Fat Albert was released in theaters in December 2004. Bill Cosby_sentence_126

In May 2007, Cosby spoke at the commencement of High Point University. Bill Cosby_sentence_127

In the summer of 2009, Cosby hosted a comedy gala at Montreal's Just for Laughs, the largest comedy festival in the world. Bill Cosby_sentence_128

2010s Bill Cosby_section_7

A new NBC show scheduled for 2015, created by Mike O'Malley and Mike Sikowitz and to have been produced by The Cosby Show's Tom Werner, was set to feature Cosby as Jonathan Franklin, the patriarch of a multi-generational family. Bill Cosby_sentence_129

On November 19, 2014, NBC scrapped Cosby's new show after accusations resurfaced that he sexually assaulted and raped women. Bill Cosby_sentence_130

Reruns of The Cosby Show were pulled from television as a result of Cosby's sexual assault allegations. Bill Cosby_sentence_131

On November 19, 2014, NBC and TV Land both ended their relationships with Cosby; TV Land announced that it was pulling reruns from its schedule and also removing clips of the show from its website. Bill Cosby_sentence_132

In December 2014, the Magic Johnson-owned Aspire removed the series from its lineup. Bill Cosby_sentence_133

In July 2015, broadcast network Bounce TV pulled reruns, and BET's Centric (another Viacom unit) stopped airing reruns. Bill Cosby_sentence_134

In late 2014, Creative Artists Agency, Cosby's agency since 2012, dropped him as a client. Bill Cosby_sentence_135

Sexual assault cases and conviction Bill Cosby_section_8

Main article: Bill Cosby sexual assault cases Bill Cosby_sentence_136

Cosby has been the subject of highly publicized accusations of rape, drug-facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, and sexual misconduct, the earliest of which were said by his accusers to have taken place in the mid-1960s. Bill Cosby_sentence_137

In October 2014, a part of comedian Hannibal Buress's comedy routine that described sexual misbehavior by Cosby went viral, resulting in more women coming forward to state that they were assaulted by Cosby. Bill Cosby_sentence_138

The dates of the alleged incidents span from 1965 to 2008 across ten U.S. states and one Canadian province. Bill Cosby_sentence_139

Cosby has repeatedly denied the allegations and maintained his innocence. Bill Cosby_sentence_140

In November 2014, he responded to a question about the allegations and said: "I don't talk about it." Bill Cosby_sentence_141

In past interviews that were made public, Cosby declined to discuss the accusations. Bill Cosby_sentence_142

However, he told Florida Today, "People shouldn't have to go through that and shouldn't answer to innuendos." Bill Cosby_sentence_143

In May 2015, he said, "I have been in this business 52 years and I've never seen anything like this. Bill Cosby_sentence_144

Reality is a situation and I can't speak." Bill Cosby_sentence_145

In the wake of the allegations, numerous organizations have severed ties with Cosby, and honors and titles that were previously awarded to him have been revoked. Bill Cosby_sentence_146

Reruns of The Cosby Show and other shows featuring Cosby have also been pulled from syndication by many organizations. Bill Cosby_sentence_147

25 colleges and universities have rescinded honorary degrees. Bill Cosby_sentence_148

In an attempt to explain the backlash against Cosby, Adweek reporter Jason Lynch noted that the "media landscape has changed considerably—and has now been joined by the far-less-forgiving social media arena." Bill Cosby_sentence_149

Most of the acts fall outside of the statutes of limitations for criminal prosecution, but criminal charges were filed against Cosby in one case and numerous civil lawsuits have been brought against him. Bill Cosby_sentence_150

As of November 2015, eight related civil suits were active against Cosby. Bill Cosby_sentence_151

High-profile attorney Gloria Allred was representing 33 of the alleged victims. Bill Cosby_sentence_152

In July 2015, some of the court records from Andrea Constand's 2005 civil suit against Cosby were unsealed and released to the public. Bill Cosby_sentence_153

The full transcript of his deposition was also released to the media by a court reporting service. Bill Cosby_sentence_154

In his testimony, Cosby admitted to casual sex, involving the recreational use of the sedative methaqualone (Quaaludes), with a series of young women, and acknowledged that his dispensing the prescription drug was illegal. Bill Cosby_sentence_155

Based on incidents in January 2004, Cosby was found guilty on April 26, 2018, of three counts of aggravated indecent assault against a Toronto woman, after a jury trial. Bill Cosby_sentence_156

On September 25, 2018, he was sentenced to three to ten years in state prison and a $25,000 fine plus court costs of both trials. Bill Cosby_sentence_157

After a brief period in the Montgomery County Correctional Facility, Cosby was moved to a state prison, SCI Phoenix in Skippack Township, Pennsylvania, on September 25, 2018, where he was confined to a single cell. Bill Cosby_sentence_158

On January 28, 2019, Cosby was moved from administrative segregation into the general population. Bill Cosby_sentence_159

On December 10, 2019, the verdict was upheld on appeal. Bill Cosby_sentence_160

On June 23, 2020, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled Cosby would be able to appeal his sexual assault conviction based upon questions on testimony from a witness being more prejudicial than probative. Bill Cosby_sentence_161

The court will hear his appeal on arguments of whether it were proper for five prosecution witnesses to testify in the case and include a deposition that Cosby admitted to giving quaaludes to other women in the past. Bill Cosby_sentence_162

The court also agreed to review whether a former prosecutor had informed Cosby that he would not be prosecuted for the assault, which resulted in Cosby's agreeing to testify in his accuser's civil lawsuit. Bill Cosby_sentence_163

Defamation lawsuit settlement Bill Cosby_section_9

In early April 2019, Cosby's home insurance company (AIG) settled a federal defamation lawsuit with seven women accused of lying by Cosby when they accused Cosby of sexual assault, but could no longer bring criminal charges because their allegations were too old. Bill Cosby_sentence_164

The suit was filed in December 2014, and the settlement terms were not disclosed. Bill Cosby_sentence_165

The seven women's accusations span decades, from 1969 until 1992. Bill Cosby_sentence_166

The seven are a subset of more than 60 women who have spoken out accusing Cosby of sexual harassment and/or assault. Bill Cosby_sentence_167

A spokesman for Cosby, Andrew Wyatt, said Cosby did not settle the case; rather, AIG settled without the "knowledge, permission, and/or consent of Mr. Cosby. Bill Cosby_sentence_168

Mr. Cosby vehemently denies the allegations brought against him in these defamation suits, and he maintains his innocence". Bill Cosby_sentence_169

As of April 2019, three other cases were active against Cosby around the country; one is another defamation case, and the other two are lawsuits directly related to their claims of sexual assault. Bill Cosby_sentence_170

Political views Bill Cosby_section_10

Cosby received an award at the celebration of the 50th anniversary commemoration of Brown v. Board of Education ruling—a ruling of the U.S. Bill Cosby_sentence_171 Supreme Court that outlawed racial segregation in public schools. Bill Cosby_sentence_172

Later, in May 2004, he made public remarks critical of African-Americans who put higher priorities on sports, fashion, and "acting hard" than on education, self-respect, and self-improvement. Bill Cosby_sentence_173

He pleaded for African-American families to educate their children on the many different aspects of American culture. Bill Cosby_sentence_174

In the Pound Cake speech, Cosby asked that African-American parents teach their children better morals at a younger age. Bill Cosby_sentence_175

As reported in The Washington Times, Cosby "told reporters during a special session of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's 34th annual legislative conference" that, "Parenting needs to come to the forefront. Bill Cosby_sentence_176

If you need help and you don't know how to parent, we want to be able to reach out and touch you." Bill Cosby_sentence_177

Richard Leiby of The Washington Post reported, "Bill Cosby was anything but politically correct in his remarks Monday night at a Constitution Hall bash commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision." Bill Cosby_sentence_178

Cosby again came under sharp criticism, and was largely unapologetic, for his stance when he made similar remarks during a speech at a July 1 meeting of the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition that commemorated the anniversary of Brown v. Board, where he said "... you've got to stop beating up your women because you can't find a job, because you didn't want to get an education and now you're [earning] minimum wage." Bill Cosby_sentence_179

During that speech, he admonished apathetic blacks for not assisting or concerning themselves with the individuals who are involved with crime or have counterproductive aspirations. Bill Cosby_sentence_180

He further described those who needed attention as blacks who "had forgotten the sacrifices of those in the Civil Rights Movement". Bill Cosby_sentence_181

In 2005, Georgetown University sociology professor Michael Dyson wrote a book, Is Bill Cosby Right? Bill Cosby_sentence_182

Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind? Bill Cosby_sentence_183

In the book, Dyson wrote that Cosby was overlooking larger social factors that reinforce poverty and associated crime; factors such as deteriorating schools, stagnating wages, dramatic shifts in the economy, offshoring and downsizing, chronic underemployment, and job and capital flight. Bill Cosby_sentence_184

Dyson suggested that Cosby's comments "betray classist, elitist viewpoints rooted in generational warfare". Bill Cosby_sentence_185

However, Cornel West defended Cosby and his remarks, saying, "He's speaking out of great compassion and trying to get folk to get on the right track, 'cause we've got some brothers and sisters who are not doing the right things, just like in times in our own lives, we don't do the right thing ... Bill Cosby_sentence_186

He is trying to speak honestly and freely and lovingly, and I think that's a very positive thing." Bill Cosby_sentence_187

In a 2008 interview, Cosby mentioned Philadelphia; Atlanta; Chicago; Detroit; Oakland, California; and Springfield, Massachusetts among the cities where crime was high and young African-American men were being murdered and jailed in disproportionate numbers. Bill Cosby_sentence_188

Cosby stood his ground against criticism and affirmed that African-American parents were continuing to fail to inculcate proper standards of moral behavior. Bill Cosby_sentence_189

Cosby's vocal social comments led to the unsealing of documents in a previous civil suit by a woman who had accused Cosby of sexual assault, which in turn sparked renewed interest in older allegations. Bill Cosby_sentence_190

The judge ruled that releasing the sealed documents was justified by the "stark contrast between Bill Cosby, the public moralist and Bill Cosby, the subject of serious allegations concerning improper (and perhaps criminal) conduct". Bill Cosby_sentence_191

Cosby has also been vocally critical of conservative Republican politicians in regard to their views on socioeconomic and racial issues. Bill Cosby_sentence_192

In a 2013, CNN interview regarding voting rights, Cosby stated "this Republican Party is not the Republican Party of 1863, of Abraham Lincoln, abolitionists and slavery, is not good. Bill Cosby_sentence_193

I think it's important for us to look at the underlying part of it. Bill Cosby_sentence_194

What is the value of it? Bill Cosby_sentence_195

Is it that some people are angry because my people no longer want to work for free?" Bill Cosby_sentence_196

Personal life Bill Cosby_section_11

Cosby married Camille Hanks on January 25, 1964. Bill Cosby_sentence_197

Together, they had five children, Erika (b. Bill Cosby_sentence_198

1965), Erinn (b. Bill Cosby_sentence_199

1966), Ennis (1969–1997), Ensa (1973–2018), and Evin (b. Bill Cosby_sentence_200

1976). Bill Cosby_sentence_201

Their only son, Ennis, was murdered on January 16, 1997, while changing a flat tire on the side of Interstate 405 in Los Angeles. Bill Cosby_sentence_202

Cosby's daughter Ensa died of renal disease on February 23, 2018, while awaiting a kidney transplant. Bill Cosby_sentence_203

The Cosbys have three grandchildren. Bill Cosby_sentence_204

Cosby, a Protestant, maintains homes in Shelburne, Massachusetts, and Cheltenham, Pennsylvania. Bill Cosby_sentence_205

Cosby hosted the Los Angeles Playboy Jazz Festival from 1979 to 2012 (George Lopez has hosted the event since then). Bill Cosby_sentence_206

Known as a jazz drummer, he can also be seen playing bass guitar with Jerry Lewis and Sammy Davis Jr. on Hugh Hefner's 1970s talk show. Bill Cosby_sentence_207

His story, "The Regular Way", was featured in Playboy's December 1968 issue. Bill Cosby_sentence_208

Cosby has become an active member of The Jazz Foundation of America. Bill Cosby_sentence_209

Cosby became involved with the foundation in 2004. Bill Cosby_sentence_210

For several years, he has been a featured host for its annual benefit, A Great Night in Harlem, at the Apollo Theater in New York City. Bill Cosby_sentence_211

Cosby and his wife have collected more than three hundred works of African-American art since 1967. Bill Cosby_sentence_212

The works went on display in "Conversations", an exhibit at the National Museum of African Art in 2014. Bill Cosby_sentence_213

The show became controversial as the increasing number of sexual assault allegations against Cosby became prominent. Bill Cosby_sentence_214

Cosby is a supporter of his alma mater, Temple University, particularly its men's basketball team, whose games Cosby frequently attended prior to his arrest. Bill Cosby_sentence_215

He is also a member of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity; he was initiated in the fraternity's Beta Alpha Alpha graduate chapter in White Plains, New York, in 1988. Bill Cosby_sentence_216

In 2016, Cosby's attorneys reported that he is now legally blind. Bill Cosby_sentence_217

In an April 2017 interview with the National Newspaper Publishers Association (an interview he agreed to do on the condition that the NNPA portrayed him in a positive light), both Cosby and one of his former publicists confirmed this, noting he lost his sight at some point in 2015. Bill Cosby_sentence_218

Autumn Jackson extortion trial Bill Cosby_section_12

During Autumn Jackson's extortion trial in July 1997, Cosby testified that he made private payments to Shawn Upshaw, a woman who had briefly been his lover in Las Vegas during the early 1970s. Bill Cosby_sentence_219

Upshaw later told Cosby that he was the father of her daughter, Autumn Jackson. Bill Cosby_sentence_220

Cosby denies being the father and said he gave Upshaw a total of about $100,000 because he did not want her to publicly reveal the affair. Bill Cosby_sentence_221

The then-22-year-old Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort $40 million from Cosby. Bill Cosby_sentence_222

In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt. Bill Cosby_sentence_223

The courts stated that the mere fact that she was Cosby's child would not have entitled her to the money, and therefore the demand was extortionate, whether or not she believed herself to be Cosby's daughter. Bill Cosby_sentence_224

Although both Jackson and Cosby stated at various times that they were willing to undergo DNA testing to determine Jackson's paternity, the two sides never reached an agreement as to when and how to perform the test. Bill Cosby_sentence_225

After Jackson's conviction, Cosby provided a blood sample for testing, but Jackson refused to participate. Bill Cosby_sentence_226

Awards and honors Bill Cosby_section_13

Bill Cosby_unordered_list_0

Golden Globes Bill Cosby_section_14

Golden Globe Award for Best Actor—Television Series Musical or Comedy – Golden Globe Award 1984 The Cosby Show – Cliff Huxtable 1985 The Cosby Show – Cliff Huxtable Bill Cosby_sentence_227

Emmys Bill Cosby_section_15

Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series – Primetime Emmys 1966 I Spy – Alexander Scott 1967 I Spy – Alexander Scott 1968 I Spy – Alexander Scott Outstanding Variety or Musical Program – Primetime Emmys 1969 The Bill Cosby Special Bill Cosby_sentence_228

Grammys Bill Cosby_section_16

Best Comedy PerformanceGrammy Awards 1965 I Started Out as a Child 1966 Why Is There Air? Bill Cosby_sentence_229

1967 Wonderfulness 1968 Revenge 1969 To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With 1970 Sports 1987 Those of You with or Without Children, You'll Understand Best Recording for Children – Grammy Awards 1971 The Electric Company – Cast member 1972 Bill Cosby Talks to Kids About Drugs Bill Cosby_sentence_230

Honorary degrees Bill Cosby_section_17

Main article: List of honorary degrees awarded to Bill Cosby Bill Cosby_sentence_231

Cosby was awarded around 70 honorary degrees and many other honors since 1985. Bill Cosby_sentence_232

Most of these were revoked after he was accused of sexual offenses or after his conviction for sexual assault. Bill Cosby_sentence_233

Rescinded awards Bill Cosby_section_18

Rescinded awards due to convictions and allegations of sexual assault: Bill Cosby_sentence_234

Bill Cosby_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Cosby.