Bogotá savanna

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bogotá savanna_table_infobox_0

Bogotá savannaBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_0_0
AreaBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_1_0 4,251.6 km (1,641.6 sq mi)Bogotá savanna_cell_0_1_1
GeologyBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_2_0
TypeBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_3_0 Montane savannaBogotá savanna_cell_0_3_1
GeographyBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_4_0
CountryBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_5_0 ColombiaBogotá savanna_cell_0_5_1
StateBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_6_0 CundinamarcaBogotá savanna_cell_0_6_1
RegionBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_7_0 Andean regionBogotá savanna_cell_0_7_1
Population centerBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_8_0 BogotáBogotá savanna_cell_0_8_1
Borders onBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_9_0 East: Eastern Hills

South: Sumapaz mountains North: Hills of Tausa and Suesca West: Western hillsBogotá savanna_cell_0_9_1

CoordinatesBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_10_0 Bogotá savanna_cell_0_10_1
RiverBogotá savanna_header_cell_0_11_0 Bogotá, Teusacá, Torca, Juan Amarillo, Fucha, TunjueloBogotá savanna_cell_0_11_1

The Bogotá savanna is a montane savanna, located in the southwestern part of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the center of Colombia. Bogotá savanna_sentence_0

The Bogotá savanna has an extent of 4,251.6 square kilometres (1,641.6 sq mi) and an average altitude of 2,550 metres (8,370 ft). Bogotá savanna_sentence_1

The savanna is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. Bogotá savanna_sentence_2

The Bogotá savanna is crossed from northeast to southwest by the 375 kilometres (233 mi) long Bogotá River, which at the southwestern edge of the plateau forms the Tequendama Falls (Salto del Tequendama). Bogotá savanna_sentence_3

Other rivers, such as the Subachoque, Bojacá, Fucha, Soacha and Tunjuelo Rivers, tributaries of the Bogotá River, form smaller valleys with very fertile soils dedicated to agriculture and cattle-breeding. Bogotá savanna_sentence_4

Before the Spanish conquest of the Bogotá savanna, the area was inhabited by the indigenous Muisca, who formed a loose confederation of various caciques, named the Muisca Confederation. Bogotá savanna_sentence_5

The Bogotá savanna, known as Bacatá, was ruled by the zipa. Bogotá savanna_sentence_6

The people specialised in agriculture, the mining of emeralds, trade and especially the extraction of rock salt from rocks in Zipaquirá, Nemocón, Tausa and other areas on the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_7

The salt extraction, a task exclusively of the Muisca women, gave the Muisca the name "The Salt People". Bogotá savanna_sentence_8

In April 1536, a group of around 800 conquistadors left the relative safety of the Caribbean coastal city of Santa Marta to start a strenuous expedition up the Magdalena River, the main fluvial artery of Colombia. Bogotá savanna_sentence_9

Word got around among the Spanish colonisers that deep in the unknown Andes, a rich area with an advanced civilisation must exist. Bogotá savanna_sentence_10

These tales bore the -not so much- legend of El Dorado; the city or man of gold. Bogotá savanna_sentence_11

The Muisca, skilled goldworkers, held a ritual in Lake Guatavita where the new zipa would cover himself in gold dust and jump from a raft into the cold waters of the 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) high lake to the northeast of the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_12

After a journey of almost a year, where the Spanish lost over 80% of their soldiers, the conquistadors following the Suárez River, reached the Bogotá savanna in March 1537. Bogotá savanna_sentence_13

The zipa who ruled the Bogotá savanna at the arrival of the Spanish was Tisquesusa. Bogotá savanna_sentence_14

The Muisca posed little resistance to the Spanish strangers and Tisquesusa was defeated in April 1537 in Funza, in the centre of the savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_15

He fled towards the western hills and died of his wounds in Facatativá, on the southwestern edge of the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_16

The Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada established the New Kingdom of Granada with capital Santa Fe de Bogotá on August 6, 1538. Bogotá savanna_sentence_17

This started a process of colonisation, evangelisation and submittance of the Muisca to the new rule. Bogotá savanna_sentence_18

Between 65 and 80% of the indigenous people perished due to European diseases as smallpox and typhus. Bogotá savanna_sentence_19

The Spanish introduced new crops, replacing many of the New World crops that the Muisca cultivated. Bogotá savanna_sentence_20

Over the course of the 16th to early 20th century, the Bogotá savanna was sparsely populated and industrialised. Bogotá savanna_sentence_21

The rise in population during the twentieth century and the expansion of agriculture and urbanisation reduced the biodiversity and natural habitat of the Bogotá savanna severely. Bogotá savanna_sentence_22

Today, the Metropolitan Area of Bogotá on the Bogotá savanna hosts more than ten million people. Bogotá savanna_sentence_23

Bogotá is the biggest city worldwide at altitudes above 2,500 metres (8,200 ft). Bogotá savanna_sentence_24

The many rivers on the savanna are highly contaminated and efforts to solve the environmental problems are conducted in the 21st century. Bogotá savanna_sentence_25

Etymology Bogotá savanna_section_0

Bogotá savanna is named after Bogotá, which is derived from Muysccubun Bacatá, which means "(Enclosure) outside of the farm fields". Bogotá savanna_sentence_26

Geography Bogotá savanna_section_1

Main article: Altiplano Cundiboyacense Bogotá savanna_sentence_27

The Bogotá savanna is the southwestern part of the larger Andean plateau, the Altiplano Cundiboyacense. Bogotá savanna_sentence_28

The savanna is a montane savanna, bordered to the east by the Eastern Hills, the Sumapaz mountains in the south, the hills of Tausa and Suesca in the north and western hills of Cundinamarca in the west. Bogotá savanna_sentence_29

The total surface area is 4,251.6 square kilometres (1,641.6 sq mi). Bogotá savanna_sentence_30

Climate Bogotá savanna_section_2

The average temperature of the plateau is 14 °C (57 °F), but this can fluctuate between 0 and 24 °C (32 and 75 °F). Bogotá savanna_sentence_31

The dry and rainy seasons alternate frequently during the year. Bogotá savanna_sentence_32

The driest months are December, January, February and March. Bogotá savanna_sentence_33

During the rainy months, the temperature tends to be more stable with variations between 9 and 20 °C (48 and 68 °F). Bogotá savanna_sentence_34

June, July and August are the months that present the largest variations of temperature, and during the morning frost in the higher terrains surrounding the savanna is possible. Bogotá savanna_sentence_35

Sometimes also ground frost is present, which has a negative impact on agriculture. Bogotá savanna_sentence_36

Hail is a relatively common phenomenon on the savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_37

Hydrology Bogotá savanna_section_3

Rivers Bogotá savanna_section_4

Bogotá savanna_unordered_list_0

Lakes Bogotá savanna_section_5

Natural Bogotá savanna_section_6

Bogotá savanna_unordered_list_1

  • Lake Guatavita - overlooking the northeastern part of the savannaBogotá savanna_item_1_10
  • Lake HerreraBogotá savanna_item_1_11
Artificial Bogotá savanna_section_7

Bogotá savanna_unordered_list_2

  • Tominé Reservoir - northeast, biggest waterbody on the Bogotá savanna - 690 cubic megametres (2.4×10 cu ft)Bogotá savanna_item_2_12
  • Neusa Reservoir - north - 102 cubic megametres (3.6×10 cu ft)Bogotá savanna_item_2_13
  • El Muña Reservoir - south - 42 cubic megametres (1.5×10 cu ft)Bogotá savanna_item_2_14
  • Lake Herrera (since 1973)Bogotá savanna_item_2_15

Waterfalls Bogotá savanna_section_8

Bogotá savanna_unordered_list_3

Wetlands Bogotá savanna_section_9

Main article: Wetlands of Bogotá Bogotá savanna_sentence_38

There is a system of wetlands (humedales) that regulate the soil moisture acting like sponges for the rain waters. Bogotá savanna_sentence_39

Fifteen wetlands have a protected status, with various wetlands as unprotected. Bogotá savanna_sentence_40

In 1950, the total surface area of the wetlands amounted to 150,000 hectares (370,000 acres), but due to the urbanisation of the Colombian capital the total area has been reduced to 1,500 hectares (3,700 acres). Bogotá savanna_sentence_41

Bogotá savanna_table_general_1

MapBogotá savanna_header_cell_1_0_0
Guaymaral_y_TorcaLa_ConejeraCórdoba_(wetland)TibabuyesJaboqueSanta_María_del_LagoEl_BurroLa_VacaTecho_(wetland)Capellanía_(wetland)Meandro_del_SayTibanicaEl_Salitre_(wetland)La_Isla_(wetland)La_Florida_(wetland)Wetlands within Bogotá Torca River basin
Juan Amarillo River basin
Fucha River basin
Tunjuelo River basinBogotá savanna_cell_1_1_0

Bogotá savanna_table_general_2

WetlandBogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_0 LocationBogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_1 Altitude (m)Bogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_2 Area (ha)Bogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_3 NotesBogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_4 ImageBogotá savanna_header_cell_2_0_5
Guaymaral y TorcaBogotá savanna_cell_2_1_0 Usaquén

SubaBogotá savanna_cell_2_1_1

2547Bogotá savanna_cell_2_1_2 73Bogotá savanna_cell_2_1_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_1_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_1_5
La ConejeraBogotá savanna_cell_2_2_0 SubaBogotá savanna_cell_2_2_1 2544Bogotá savanna_cell_2_2_2 58.9Bogotá savanna_cell_2_2_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_2_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_2_5
CórdobaBogotá savanna_cell_2_3_0 SubaBogotá savanna_cell_2_3_1 2548Bogotá savanna_cell_2_3_2 40.51Bogotá savanna_cell_2_3_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_3_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_3_5
Tibabuyes

Juan AmarilloBogotá savanna_cell_2_4_0

Suba

EngativáBogotá savanna_cell_2_4_1

2539Bogotá savanna_cell_2_4_2 222.58Bogotá savanna_cell_2_4_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_4_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_4_5
JaboqueBogotá savanna_cell_2_5_0 EngativáBogotá savanna_cell_2_5_1 2539Bogotá savanna_cell_2_5_2 148Bogotá savanna_cell_2_5_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_5_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_5_5
Santa María del LagoBogotá savanna_cell_2_6_0 EngativáBogotá savanna_cell_2_6_1 2549Bogotá savanna_cell_2_6_2 12Bogotá savanna_cell_2_6_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_6_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_6_5
El BurroBogotá savanna_cell_2_7_0 KennedyBogotá savanna_cell_2_7_1 2541Bogotá savanna_cell_2_7_2 18.84Bogotá savanna_cell_2_7_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_7_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_7_5
La VacaBogotá savanna_cell_2_8_0 KennedyBogotá savanna_cell_2_8_1 2548Bogotá savanna_cell_2_8_2 7.96Bogotá savanna_cell_2_8_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_8_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_8_5
TechoBogotá savanna_cell_2_9_0 Techo, KennedyBogotá savanna_cell_2_9_1 2545Bogotá savanna_cell_2_9_2 11.46Bogotá savanna_cell_2_9_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_9_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_9_5
CapellaníaBogotá savanna_cell_2_10_0 FontibónBogotá savanna_cell_2_10_1 2542Bogotá savanna_cell_2_10_2 27.05Bogotá savanna_cell_2_10_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_10_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_10_5
Meandro del SayBogotá savanna_cell_2_11_0 Fontibón

MosqueraBogotá savanna_cell_2_11_1

2548Bogotá savanna_cell_2_11_2 13.6Bogotá savanna_cell_2_11_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_11_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_11_5
TibanicaBogotá savanna_cell_2_12_0 Bosa

SoachaBogotá savanna_cell_2_12_1

2542Bogotá savanna_cell_2_12_2 28.8Bogotá savanna_cell_2_12_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_12_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_12_5
El SalitreBogotá savanna_cell_2_13_0 Barrios UnidosBogotá savanna_cell_2_13_1 2558Bogotá savanna_cell_2_13_2 6.4Bogotá savanna_cell_2_13_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_13_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_13_5
La IslaBogotá savanna_cell_2_14_0 BosaBogotá savanna_cell_2_14_1 2550Bogotá savanna_cell_2_14_2 7.7Bogotá savanna_cell_2_14_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_14_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_14_5
La FloridaBogotá savanna_cell_2_15_0 FunzaBogotá savanna_cell_2_15_1 2542Bogotá savanna_cell_2_15_2 26Bogotá savanna_cell_2_15_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_15_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_2_15_5

Biodiversity Bogotá savanna_section_10

See also: Biodiversity of Colombia Bogotá savanna_sentence_42

Despite the continuous urbanisation and industrial activities, the Bogotá savanna is a rich biodiverse area with many bird species registered. Bogotá savanna_sentence_43

The diversity of mammals, amphibians and reptiles is much lower. Bogotá savanna_sentence_44

Before the arrival of the European colonisers, the savanna was populated predominantly by white-tailed deer, the main ingredient of the Muisca cuisine. Bogotá savanna_sentence_45

Today, this species of deer, as well as the once common spectacled bear, is restricted to protected areas surrounding the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_46

The Thomas van der Hammen Natural Reserve is a protected area in the north of Bogotá. Bogotá savanna_sentence_47

History Bogotá savanna_section_11

See also: Muisca Confederation § Prehistory, Herrera Period, and Timeline of Bogotá Bogotá savanna_sentence_48

The earliest confirmed inhabitation of present-day Colombia was on the Bogotá savanna with sites El Abra, Tequendama and Tibitó, where semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers lived in caves and rock shelters. Bogotá savanna_sentence_49

One of the first evidences of settlement in open area space was Aguazuque, whose oldest dated remains are analysed to be 5000 years old. Bogotá savanna_sentence_50

This prehistorical preceramic period was followed by the Herrera Period, commonly defined from 800 BCE to 800 AD. Bogotá savanna_sentence_51

Muisca Confederation Bogotá savanna_section_12

Main article: Muisca Confederation Bogotá savanna_sentence_52

At the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, the region was inhabited by the Muisca who lived in hundreds of small villages scattered across the plateau. Bogotá savanna_sentence_53

These villages were individually ruled by caciques who at the same time paid tribute to the zipa, ruler of Bacatá. Bogotá savanna_sentence_54

The Muisca were known as "The Salt People", thanks to their extraction of rock salt from brines in large pots heated over fires. Bogotá savanna_sentence_55

This process was the exclusive task of the Muisca women. Bogotá savanna_sentence_56

The economy of the Muisca, meaning "person" or "people" in their indigenous version of Chibcha; Muysccubun, was self-sufficient due to the advanced agriculture on the fertile soils of the frequently flooding Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_57

More tropical and subtropical agricultural products as avocadoes and cotton were traded with their neighbours, in particular the Guane and Lache in the north and northeast and the Guayupe, Achagua and Tegua in the east. Bogotá savanna_sentence_58

The Muisca were known as skilled goldworkers, represented in the famous Muisca raft, that symbolises the initiation ritual of the new zipa in Lake Guatavita. Bogotá savanna_sentence_59

This ritual, where the zipa covered himself in gold dust and jumped in the 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) altitude lake, gave rise to the -not so much- legend of El Dorado. Bogotá savanna_sentence_60

Spanish conquest Bogotá savanna_section_13

Main article: Spanish conquest of the Muisca Bogotá savanna_sentence_61

In April 1536, a group of around 800 conquistadors left the relative safety of the Caribbean coastal city of Santa Marta to start a strenuous expedition up the Magdalena River, the main fluvial artery of Colombia. Bogotá savanna_sentence_62

Word got around among the Spanish colonisers that deep in the unknown Andes, a rich area with an advanced civilisation must exist. Bogotá savanna_sentence_63

These tales bore the -not so much- legend of El Dorado; the city or man of gold. Bogotá savanna_sentence_64

The Muisca, skilled goldworkers, held a ritual in Lake Guatavita where the new zipa would cover himself in gold dust and jump from a raft into the cold waters of the 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) high lake to the northeast of the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_65

After a journey of almost a year, where the Spanish lost over 80% of their soldiers, the conquistadors following the Suárez River, reached the Bogotá savanna in March 1537. Bogotá savanna_sentence_66

The zipa who ruled the Bogotá savanna at the arrival of the Spanish was Tisquesusa. Bogotá savanna_sentence_67

The Muisca posed little resistance to the Spanish strangers and Tisquesusa was defeated in April 1537 in Funza, in the centre of the savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_68

He fled towards the western hills and died of his wounds in Facatativá, on the southwestern edge of the Bogotá savanna. Bogotá savanna_sentence_69

The Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada established the New Kingdom of Granada with capital Santa Fe de Bogotá on August 6, 1538. Bogotá savanna_sentence_70

This started a process of colonisation, evangelisation and submittance of the Muisca to the new rule. Bogotá savanna_sentence_71

Between 65 and 80% of the indigenous people perished due to European diseases as smallpox and typhus. Bogotá savanna_sentence_72

The Spanish introduced new crops, replacing many of the New World crops that the Muisca cultivated. Bogotá savanna_sentence_73

The Spanish colonizers engaged in the construction of Spanish-style towns to replace all the indigenous villages and in the process of assimilation and religious convert of the Muisca. Bogotá savanna_sentence_74

The majority of those villages kept their indigenous names, but some were slightly modified in time, like Suacha which became Soacha, Hyntiba becoming Fontibón and Bacatá becoming Bogotá. Bogotá savanna_sentence_75

Modern history Bogotá savanna_section_14

See also: New Kingdom of Granada, Gran Colombia, and History of Bogotá Bogotá savanna_sentence_76

Over the course of the 16th to early 20th century, the Bogotá savanna was sparsely populated and industrialised. Bogotá savanna_sentence_77

The rise in population during the twentieth century and the expansion of agriculture and urbanisation reduced the biodiversity and natural habitat of the Bogotá savanna severely. Bogotá savanna_sentence_78

Today, the Metropolitan Area of Bogotá on the Bogotá savanna hosts more than ten million people. Bogotá savanna_sentence_79

Bogotá is the biggest city worldwide at altitudes above 2,500 metres (8,200 ft). Bogotá savanna_sentence_80

The many rivers on the savanna are highly contaminated and efforts to solve the environmental problems are conducted in the 21st century. Bogotá savanna_sentence_81

Timeline of inhabitation Bogotá savanna_section_15

Bogotá savanna_table_general_3

Timeline of inhabitation of the Bogotá savanna, ColombiaBogotá savanna_cell_3_0_0
Bogotá savanna_cell_3_1_0 Altiplano

Muisca ConfederationBogotá savanna_cell_3_1_1

Cities Bogotá savanna_section_16

The main cities of the Bogotá savanna, in addition to the capital city of Bogotá, are: Mosquera, Soacha, Madrid, Funza, Facatativá, Subachoque, El Rosal, Tabio, Tenjo, Cota, Chía, Cajicá, Zipaquirá, Nemocón, Sopó, Tocancipá, Gachancipá, Sesquilé, Suesca, Chocontá and Guatavita. Bogotá savanna_sentence_82

List of municipalities Bogotá savanna_section_17

Bogotá savanna_table_general_4

Municipality

LocalityBogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_0

Altitude

urban centre (m)Bogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_1

Surface area

(km)Bogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_2

InhabitantsBogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_3 RemarksBogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_4 MapBogotá savanna_header_cell_4_0_5
BogotáBogotá savanna_cell_4_1_0 2640Bogotá savanna_cell_4_1_1 1587Bogotá savanna_cell_4_1_2 7,980,001Bogotá savanna_cell_4_1_3 Named after Bacatá

Capital of Colombia Biggest city at altitudes above 2,500 metres (8,200 ft)Bogotá savanna_cell_4_1_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_1_5
UsaquénBogotá savanna_cell_4_2_0 2650Bogotá savanna_cell_4_2_1 65.31Bogotá savanna_cell_4_2_2 449,621Bogotá savanna_cell_4_2_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_2_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_2_5
ChapineroBogotá savanna_cell_4_3_0 2640Bogotá savanna_cell_4_3_1 38.15Bogotá savanna_cell_4_3_2 122,507Bogotá savanna_cell_4_3_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_3_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_3_5
Santa FeBogotá savanna_cell_4_4_0 2640Bogotá savanna_cell_4_4_1 45.17Bogotá savanna_cell_4_4_2 96,241Bogotá savanna_cell_4_4_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_4_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_4_5
San CristóbalBogotá savanna_cell_4_5_0 2640Bogotá savanna_cell_4_5_1 49.09Bogotá savanna_cell_4_5_2 404,350Bogotá savanna_cell_4_5_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_5_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_5_5
UsmeBogotá savanna_cell_4_6_0 2700Bogotá savanna_cell_4_6_1 119.04Bogotá savanna_cell_4_6_2 314,431Bogotá savanna_cell_4_6_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_6_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_6_5
TunjuelitoBogotá savanna_cell_4_7_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_7_1 9.91Bogotá savanna_cell_4_7_2 182,532Bogotá savanna_cell_4_7_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_7_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_7_5
BosaBogotá savanna_cell_4_8_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_8_1 23.93Bogotá savanna_cell_4_8_2 637,283Bogotá savanna_cell_4_8_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_8_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_8_5
KennedyBogotá savanna_cell_4_9_0 2700Bogotá savanna_cell_4_9_1 38.59Bogotá savanna_cell_4_9_2 979,914Bogotá savanna_cell_4_9_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_9_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_9_5
FontibónBogotá savanna_cell_4_10_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_10_1 33.28Bogotá savanna_cell_4_10_2 317,179Bogotá savanna_cell_4_10_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_10_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_10_5
EngativáBogotá savanna_cell_4_11_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_11_1 35.88Bogotá savanna_cell_4_11_2 824,337Bogotá savanna_cell_4_11_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_11_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_11_5
SubaBogotá savanna_cell_4_12_0 2700Bogotá savanna_cell_4_12_1 100.56Bogotá savanna_cell_4_12_2 1,161,500Bogotá savanna_cell_4_12_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_12_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_12_5
Barrios UnidosBogotá savanna_cell_4_13_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_13_1 11.9Bogotá savanna_cell_4_13_2 230,066Bogotá savanna_cell_4_13_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_13_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_13_5
TeusaquilloBogotá savanna_cell_4_14_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_14_1 14.19Bogotá savanna_cell_4_14_2 139,298Bogotá savanna_cell_4_14_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_14_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_14_5
Los MártiresBogotá savanna_cell_4_15_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_15_1 6.51Bogotá savanna_cell_4_15_2 94,944Bogotá savanna_cell_4_15_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_15_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_15_5
Antonio NariñoBogotá savanna_cell_4_16_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_16_1 4.88Bogotá savanna_cell_4_16_2 119,565Bogotá savanna_cell_4_16_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_16_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_16_5
Puente ArandaBogotá savanna_cell_4_17_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_17_1 17.31Bogotá savanna_cell_4_17_2 250,715Bogotá savanna_cell_4_17_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_17_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_17_5
La CandelariaBogotá savanna_cell_4_18_0 2640Bogotá savanna_cell_4_18_1 2.06Bogotá savanna_cell_4_18_2 22,115Bogotá savanna_cell_4_18_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_18_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_18_5
Rafael Uribe UribeBogotá savanna_cell_4_19_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_19_1 13.83Bogotá savanna_cell_4_19_2 378.780Bogotá savanna_cell_4_19_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_19_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_19_5
Ciudad BolívarBogotá savanna_cell_4_20_0 2700Bogotá savanna_cell_4_20_1 130Bogotá savanna_cell_4_20_2 593,937Bogotá savanna_cell_4_20_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_20_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_20_5
SoachaBogotá savanna_cell_4_21_0 2565Bogotá savanna_cell_4_21_1 184.45Bogotá savanna_cell_4_21_2 522,442Bogotá savanna_cell_4_21_3 Preceramic site Tequendama

Herrera site Muisca ceramics production Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_21_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_21_5
SibatéBogotá savanna_cell_4_22_0 2700Bogotá savanna_cell_4_22_1 125.6Bogotá savanna_cell_4_22_2 38,412Bogotá savanna_cell_4_22_3 Petrographs found

El Muña ReservoirBogotá savanna_cell_4_22_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_22_5
MosqueraBogotá savanna_cell_4_23_0 2516Bogotá savanna_cell_4_23_1 107Bogotá savanna_cell_4_23_2 82,750Bogotá savanna_cell_4_23_3 Lake Herrera

Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_23_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_23_5
BojacáBogotá savanna_cell_4_24_0 2598Bogotá savanna_cell_4_24_1 109Bogotá savanna_cell_4_24_2 11,254Bogotá savanna_cell_4_24_3 Lake Herrera

Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_24_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_24_5
ChíaBogotá savanna_cell_4_25_0 2564Bogotá savanna_cell_4_25_1 80Bogotá savanna_cell_4_25_2 129,652Bogotá savanna_cell_4_25_3 Moon Temple

Herrera site Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_25_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_25_5
CotaBogotá savanna_cell_4_26_0 2566Bogotá savanna_cell_4_26_1 55Bogotá savanna_cell_4_26_2 24,916Bogotá savanna_cell_4_26_3 Petrographs found

Muisca communityBogotá savanna_cell_4_26_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_26_5
CajicáBogotá savanna_cell_4_27_0 2558Bogotá savanna_cell_4_27_1 50.4Bogotá savanna_cell_4_27_2 56,875Bogotá savanna_cell_4_27_3 Located in the funnel of the northern savannaBogotá savanna_cell_4_27_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_27_5
FacatativáBogotá savanna_cell_4_28_0 2586Bogotá savanna_cell_4_28_1 158Bogotá savanna_cell_4_28_2 134,522Bogotá savanna_cell_4_28_3 Piedras del TunjoBogotá savanna_cell_4_28_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_28_5
FunzaBogotá savanna_cell_4_29_0 2548Bogotá savanna_cell_4_29_1 70Bogotá savanna_cell_4_29_2 75,350Bogotá savanna_cell_4_29_3 Muisca market townBogotá savanna_cell_4_29_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_29_5
MadridBogotá savanna_cell_4_30_0 2554Bogotá savanna_cell_4_30_1 120.5Bogotá savanna_cell_4_30_2 77,627Bogotá savanna_cell_4_30_3 Lake Herrera

Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_30_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_30_5
El RosalBogotá savanna_cell_4_31_0 2685Bogotá savanna_cell_4_31_1 86.48Bogotá savanna_cell_4_31_2 17,254Bogotá savanna_cell_4_31_3 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_31_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_31_5
ZipacónBogotá savanna_cell_4_32_0 2550Bogotá savanna_cell_4_32_1 70Bogotá savanna_cell_4_32_2 5570Bogotá savanna_cell_4_32_3 Agriculture

Place of meditation for the zipa Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_32_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_32_5
SubachoqueBogotá savanna_cell_4_33_0 2663Bogotá savanna_cell_4_33_1 211.53Bogotá savanna_cell_4_33_2 16,117Bogotá savanna_cell_4_33_3 Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_33_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_33_5
TabioBogotá savanna_cell_4_34_0 2569Bogotá savanna_cell_4_34_1 74.5Bogotá savanna_cell_4_34_2 27,033Bogotá savanna_cell_4_34_3 Hot springs used by the MuiscaBogotá savanna_cell_4_34_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_34_5
TenjoBogotá savanna_cell_4_35_0 2587Bogotá savanna_cell_4_35_1 108Bogotá savanna_cell_4_35_2 18,387Bogotá savanna_cell_4_35_3 Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_35_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_35_5
ZipaquiráBogotá savanna_cell_4_36_0 2650Bogotá savanna_cell_4_36_1 197Bogotá savanna_cell_4_36_2 124,376Bogotá savanna_cell_4_36_3 El Abra

Muisca salt mines Important market town Petrographs and petroglyphs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_36_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_36_5
NemocónBogotá savanna_cell_4_37_0 2585Bogotá savanna_cell_4_37_1 98.1Bogotá savanna_cell_4_37_2 13,488Bogotá savanna_cell_4_37_3 Muisca salt mines

Preceramic site Checua Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_37_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_37_5
CoguaBogotá savanna_cell_4_38_0 2600Bogotá savanna_cell_4_38_1 113Bogotá savanna_cell_4_38_2 22,361Bogotá savanna_cell_4_38_3 Muisca ceramics production

Petrographs found Neusa ReservoirBogotá savanna_cell_4_38_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_38_5
TocancipáBogotá savanna_cell_4_39_0 2605Bogotá savanna_cell_4_39_1 73.51Bogotá savanna_cell_4_39_2 31,975Bogotá savanna_cell_4_39_3 Preceramic site Tibitó

Muisca ceramics production Important market town Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_39_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_39_5
GachancipáBogotá savanna_cell_4_40_0 2568Bogotá savanna_cell_4_40_1 44Bogotá savanna_cell_4_40_2 14,442Bogotá savanna_cell_4_40_3 Muisca mummy found

Muisca ceramics productionBogotá savanna_cell_4_40_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_40_5
GuascaBogotá savanna_cell_4_41_0 2710Bogotá savanna_cell_4_41_1 346Bogotá savanna_cell_4_41_2 14,759Bogotá savanna_cell_4_41_3 Siecha Lakes

Muisca ceramics production Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_41_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_41_5
GuatavitaBogotá savanna_cell_4_42_0 2680Bogotá savanna_cell_4_42_1 247.3Bogotá savanna_cell_4_42_2 6898Bogotá savanna_cell_4_42_3 Muisca ceramics production

Main goldworking town Petrographs found Tominé ReservoirBogotá savanna_cell_4_42_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_42_5
SopóBogotá savanna_cell_4_43_0 2650Bogotá savanna_cell_4_43_1 111.5Bogotá savanna_cell_4_43_2 26,769Bogotá savanna_cell_4_43_3 Herrera siteBogotá savanna_cell_4_43_4 Bogotá savanna_cell_4_43_5
SesquiléBogotá savanna_cell_4_44_0 2595Bogotá savanna_cell_4_44_1 141Bogotá savanna_cell_4_44_2 13,936Bogotá savanna_cell_4_44_3 Lake Guatavita

Minor Muisca salt minesBogotá savanna_cell_4_44_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_44_5
SuescaBogotá savanna_cell_4_45_0 2584Bogotá savanna_cell_4_45_1 177Bogotá savanna_cell_4_45_2 17,318Bogotá savanna_cell_4_45_3 150 Muisca mummies found

Lake Suesca Muisca ceramics production Important market town Petrographs foundBogotá savanna_cell_4_45_4

Bogotá savanna_cell_4_45_5

Panoramas Bogotá savanna_section_18

Bogotá savanna_table_general_5

PanoramasBogotá savanna_header_cell_5_0_0
Panorama of the Tena Valley to the southwest of the Bogotá savanna, near San Antonio del Tequendama

Bogotá on the savanna

Zipaquirá

School in Cota

The northwestern part of the ancient Lake Humboldt is artificially represented in the Neusa Reservoir

Tominé Reservoir

Suba Hills

La Conejera wetlandBogotá savanna_cell_5_1_0

See also Bogotá savanna_section_19

Bogotá savanna_unordered_list_4


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogotá savanna.