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For other uses, see Botija (disambiguation). Botija_sentence_0


Other namesBotija_header_cell_0_0_0 Botijo, Botijuela, BungaBotija_cell_0_0_1

The botija (botijuela; bunga) is a Caribbean musical instrument of the aerophone type. Botija_sentence_1

The botija is a potbellied earthenware jug or jar with two openings and was used in the early son sextetos in Cuba as a bass instrument. Botija_sentence_2

Origin Botija_section_0

The botija was used to hold kerosene brought from Spain. Botija_sentence_3

Botijas were then used to hide money underground and were buried to prevent humidity from reaching the floors. Botija_sentence_4

Later, botijas were dug up and used as musical instruments in the late 19th century in the Caribbean island of Cuba. Botija_sentence_5

Use in Cuban son Botija_section_1

Cuban son originated in eastern Cuba in the late 19th century. Botija_sentence_6

The music's defining characteristic was a pulsing or anticipated bass that falls between the downbeat, leading to the creation of many bass instruments including the botija. Botija_sentence_7

Other instruments included a marímbula, serrucho, contrabajo and bajo. Botija_sentence_8

Other bass instruments were used according to the size of the musical arrangement or timbre of the bass instrument needed. Botija_sentence_9

The marímbula, for example, was used mainly for smaller ensembles because it was not easily heard, whereas the bajo, an electrical bass, could be easily projected and heard over many other instruments. Botija_sentence_10

The botijas contained two openings, one at the top and one of the side, and were blown into to create bass notes. Botija_sentence_11

To crate specific pitches, they were filled to specific levels with water. Botija_sentence_12

Another technique includes inserting a reed into the opening while the player blows into the reed. Botija_sentence_13

Use of the botija throughout parts of Cuba ended after the early 20th century and was replaced by the double bass. Botija_sentence_14

In popular culture Botija_section_2

In Brazil, there is an expression called "pego(a) com a boca na botija" (caught with his/her mouth on the milk jug), with similar meaning as "caught with his hand in the cookie jar". Botija_sentence_15

See also Botija_section_3


  • UduBotija_item_0_0
  • GhatamBotija_item_0_1
  • SonBotija_item_0_2

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