For other uses, see Boyacá.
|Department of Boyacá
Departamento de Boyacá
|Governor||Carlos Andrés Amaya|
|Total||23,189 km (8,953 sq mi)|
|Density||52/km (140/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CO-BOY|
high · 12th
Boyacá is centrally located within Colombia, almost entirely within the mountains of the Eastern Cordillera to the border with Venezuela, although the western end of the department extends to the Magdalena River at the town of Puerto Boyacá.
Boyacá borders to the north with the Department of Santander, to the northeast with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Norte de Santander, to the east with the departments of Arauca and Casanare.
The capital of Boyacá is the city of Tunja.
Boyacá is known as "The Land of Freedom" because this region was the scene of a series of battles which led to Colombia's independence from Spain.
The first one took place on 25 July 1819 in the Pantano de Vargas and the final and decisive battle known as the Battle of Boyacá was fought on 7 August 1819 at Puente de Boyacá.
Origin of the name
The word Boyacá derived from the Chibcha word "Bojacá" which means "Near the cacique", or "Region of the royal mantle".
The first European to discover the area was the Spaniard Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada who conquered the northern Muisca living in the area led by last zaque Aquiminzaque and distributed the land in encomiendas and forced the indigenous people to work for him.
Tunja became one of the main political and economic centers for the Spanish during the Viceroyalty of New Granada.
It was later rearranged in territory and administration and renamed as "Department of Boyaca" after a series of civil wars like the Colombian Civil War (1860-1862) and the Thousand Days War that struggled over a centralist or federalist system and political instability that changed to many constitutions (such as the Constitution of 1886), Boyaca finally acquired its current definition as territory.
It borders other Colombian departments as follows: to the north Santander and Norte de Santander, to the east Arauca and Casanare, to the south Cundinamarca and a small part of Meta, and to the west Antioquia and Caldas.
It has a territorial dispute with Norte de Santander and Cundinamarca.
The department of Boyacá covers a small portion of the Middle Magdalena valley of the Magdalena River to the west, the Cordillera Oriental mountain range with altitudes of 5,380 m above sea level (Sierra Nevada del Cocuy with 25 snow peaks), flat highland plateaux, and another small portion of territory by the eastern Llanos plains.
The southern part is the Bogotá savanna.
Boyacá is subdivided into 123 municipalities.
Main article: List of national parks of Colombia
Pisba National Park is shared with the department of Arauca.
The flora and fauna sanctuary of Lake Iguaque is situated in the centre of the department.
The central area of the highlands has two rainy seasons; the first between April and June, and a second between October and November with an average of 1,000 millimetres (39 in) of rainfall per year.
The rest of the year is considered to be the dry seasons with intermittent rainfall.
Provinces and municipalities
There are 13 provinces and two special districts in the Boyacá Department, listed below with their 123 municipalities.
Municipalities are also grouped into 45 notary circuits with 53 notaries public.
One circuit main registry based in the capital of the department; Tunja and 13 other minor registries spread across the territory.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyacá Department.