Boyacá Department

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For other uses, see Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_0

Boyacá Department_table_infobox_0

Department of Boyacá

Departamento de BoyacáBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_1_0 ColombiaBoyacá Department_cell_0_1_1
RegionBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_2_0 Andean RegionBoyacá Department_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_3_0 1858Boyacá Department_cell_0_3_1
CapitalBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_4_0 TunjaBoyacá Department_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_5_0
GovernorBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_6_0 Carlos Andrés Amaya

(2016-2019) (Liberal and Green Alliance)Boyacá Department_cell_0_6_1

AreaBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_8_0 23,189 km (8,953 sq mi)Boyacá Department_cell_0_8_1
Area rankBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_9_0 20thBoyacá Department_cell_0_9_1
Population (2018)Boyacá Department_header_cell_0_10_0
TotalBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_11_0 1,217,376Boyacá Department_cell_0_11_1
RankBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_12_0 13thBoyacá Department_cell_0_12_1
DensityBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_13_0 52/km (140/sq mi)Boyacá Department_cell_0_13_1
Time zoneBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_14_0 UTC-05Boyacá Department_cell_0_14_1
ISO 3166 codeBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_15_0 CO-BOYBoyacá Department_cell_0_15_1
ProvincesBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_16_0 13Boyacá Department_cell_0_16_1
MunicipalitiesBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_17_0 123Boyacá Department_cell_0_17_1
HDI (2017)Boyacá Department_header_cell_0_18_0 0.740

high · 12thBoyacá Department_cell_0_18_1

WebsiteBoyacá Department_header_cell_0_19_0 Boyacá Department_cell_0_19_1

Boyacá (Spanish pronunciation: [boʝaˈka) is one of the thirty-two departments of Colombia, and the remnant of Boyacá State, one of the original nine states of the "United States of Colombia". Boyacá Department_sentence_1

Boyacá is centrally located within Colombia, almost entirely within the mountains of the Eastern Cordillera to the border with Venezuela, although the western end of the department extends to the Magdalena River at the town of Puerto Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_2

Boyacá borders to the north with the Department of Santander, to the northeast with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and Norte de Santander, to the east with the departments of Arauca and Casanare. Boyacá Department_sentence_3

To the south, Boyacá borders the department of Cundinamarca and to the west with the Department of Antioquia covering a total area of 23,189 square kilometres (8,953 sq mi). Boyacá Department_sentence_4

The capital of Boyacá is the city of Tunja. Boyacá Department_sentence_5

Boyacá is known as "The Land of Freedom" because this region was the scene of a series of battles which led to Colombia's independence from Spain. Boyacá Department_sentence_6

The first one took place on 25 July 1819 in the Pantano de Vargas and the final and decisive battle known as the Battle of Boyacá was fought on 7 August 1819 at Puente de Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_7

Boyacá is home to three universities: the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia (UPTC), the Universidad de Boyacá (UNIBOYACA), and the Saint Thomas Aquinas University. Boyacá Department_sentence_8

Origin of the name Boyacá Department_section_0

The word Boyacá derived from the Chibcha word "Bojacá" which means "Near the cacique", or "Region of the royal mantle". Boyacá Department_sentence_9

History Boyacá Department_section_1

The territory of present-day Boyaca was during the Pre-Columbian time the domain of the Muisca indigenous peoples. Boyacá Department_sentence_10

The Muisca under the chiefdom of the zaque of Hunza lived mainly by agriculture and mining gold and emeralds. Boyacá Department_sentence_11

The first European to discover the area was the Spaniard Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada who conquered the northern Muisca living in the area led by last zaque Aquiminzaque and distributed the land in encomiendas and forced the indigenous people to work for him. Boyacá Department_sentence_12

In 1539, Gonzalo Suárez Rendón, a Spanish conquistador, founded the city of Tunja and other sites where the indigenous people previously had their villages. Boyacá Department_sentence_13

Tunja became one of the main political and economic centers for the Spanish during the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Boyacá Department_sentence_14

During the 19th century, Boyacá was battleground for numerous confrontations between the royalist and patriot armies led by Simón Bolívar during the Spanish colonies' war of independence from Spain. Boyacá Department_sentence_15

Two of the most decisive battles were the Battle of Boyacá and the Battle of Vargas Swamp (1819) won by the patriot forces against the royalists. Boyacá Department_sentence_16

In 1824 Gran Colombia created the Boyacá Department (Gran Colombia). Boyacá Department_sentence_17

After the creation of the Granadine Confederation by 1858 the territory of now Boyaca became the Sovereign State of Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_18

It was later rearranged in territory and administration and renamed as "Department of Boyaca" after a series of civil wars like the Colombian Civil War (1860-1862) and the Thousand Days War that struggled over a centralist or federalist system and political instability that changed to many constitutions (such as the Constitution of 1886), Boyaca finally acquired its current definition as territory. Boyacá Department_sentence_19

Geography Boyacá Department_section_2

Boyacá is located in the Andean Region in central Colombia, over the Cordillera Oriental mountain range and covers a total area of 23,189 km². Boyacá Department_sentence_20

It borders other Colombian departments as follows: to the north Santander and Norte de Santander, to the east Arauca and Casanare, to the south Cundinamarca and a small part of Meta, and to the west Antioquia and Caldas. Boyacá Department_sentence_21

It has a territorial dispute with Norte de Santander and Cundinamarca. Boyacá Department_sentence_22

The department of Boyacá covers a small portion of the Middle Magdalena valley of the Magdalena River to the west, the Cordillera Oriental mountain range with altitudes of 5,380 m above sea level (Sierra Nevada del Cocuy with 25 snow peaks), flat highland plateaux, and another small portion of territory by the eastern Llanos plains. Boyacá Department_sentence_23

Among its most prominent geographical features are the Range of the Zorro, Serrania de las Quinchas and the Andean plateaus of Rusia, Guantivá, Pisba, Chontales and Rechiniga. Boyacá Department_sentence_24

The Altiplano Cundiboyacense, shared with the department of Cundinamarca, is densely populated with numerous valleys. Boyacá Department_sentence_25

The southern part is the Bogotá savanna. Boyacá Department_sentence_26

Boyacá is subdivided into 123 municipalities. Boyacá Department_sentence_27

Many rivers originate in Boyacá, the most important are the Chicamocha River and Arauca River and tributaries to other important rivers such as the Magdalena and Meta. Boyacá Department_sentence_28

Boyacá also has numerous lakes which include Lake Tota, Lake Sochagota and Lake Fúquene, shared with the department of Cundinamarca, the artificial Chivor Reservoir and others. Boyacá Department_sentence_29

National parks Boyacá Department_section_3

Main article: List of national parks of Colombia Boyacá Department_sentence_30

El Cocuy and Pisba National Parks are located in the northeast of Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_31

Pisba National Park is shared with the department of Arauca. Boyacá Department_sentence_32

The flora and fauna sanctuary of Lake Iguaque is situated in the centre of the department. Boyacá Department_sentence_33

The most beautiful páramo in the world, Ocetá Páramo, is in northeast Boyacá. Boyacá Department_sentence_34

Climate Boyacá Department_section_4

The central area of the highlands has two rainy seasons; the first between April and June, and a second between October and November with an average of 1,000 millimetres (39 in) of rainfall per year. Boyacá Department_sentence_35

The rest of the year is considered to be the dry seasons with intermittent rainfall. Boyacá Department_sentence_36

Provinces and municipalities Boyacá Department_section_5

See also: List of municipalities in Boyacá and Municipalities of Colombia Boyacá Department_sentence_37

There are 13 provinces and two special districts in the Boyacá Department, listed below with their 123 municipalities. Boyacá Department_sentence_38

The department also has 123 corregimientos, 185 police inspectorates and numerous towns and small villages spread throughout the territory. Boyacá Department_sentence_39

Municipalities are also grouped into 45 notary circuits with 53 notaries public. Boyacá Department_sentence_40

One circuit main registry based in the capital of the department; Tunja and 13 other minor registries spread across the territory. Boyacá Department_sentence_41

See also Boyacá Department_section_6

Boyacá Department_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:á Department.