Brian Eno

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Brian Eno_table_infobox_0

Brian EnoRDIBrian Eno_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationBrian Eno_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameBrian Eno_header_cell_0_2_0 Brian Peter George EnoBrian Eno_cell_0_2_1
BornBrian Eno_header_cell_0_3_0 (1948-05-15) 15 May 1948 (age 72)

Melton, Suffolk, EnglandBrian Eno_cell_0_3_1

GenresBrian Eno_header_cell_0_4_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_4_1
Occupation(s)Brian Eno_header_cell_0_5_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_5_1
InstrumentsBrian Eno_header_cell_0_6_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_6_1
Years activeBrian Eno_header_cell_0_7_0 1970–presentBrian Eno_cell_0_7_1
LabelsBrian Eno_header_cell_0_8_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_8_1
Associated actsBrian Eno_header_cell_0_9_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_9_1
WebsiteBrian Eno_header_cell_0_10_0 Brian Eno_cell_0_10_1

Brian Peter George St John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno RDI (/ˈiːnoʊ/; born Brian Peter George Eno; 15 May 1948) is an English musician, record producer, visual artist, and theorist best known for his work in ambient music and contributions to rock, pop and electronica. Brian Eno_sentence_0

A self-described "non-musician", Eno has helped introduce unique conceptual approaches and recording techniques to contemporary music. Brian Eno_sentence_1

He has been described as one of popular music's most influential and innovative figures. Brian Eno_sentence_2

Born in Suffolk, Eno studied painting and experimental music at the art school of Ipswich Civic College in the mid 1960s, and then at Winchester School of Art. Brian Eno_sentence_3

He joined glam rock group Roxy Music as synthesizer player in 1971, recording two albums with the group but departing in 1973 amidst tensions with Roxy frontman Bryan Ferry. Brian Eno_sentence_4

Eno went on to record a number of solo albums beginning with Here Come the Warm Jets (1974). Brian Eno_sentence_5

In the mid-1970s, he began exploring a minimalist direction on releases such as Discreet Music (1975) and Ambient 1: Music for Airports (1978), coining the term "ambient music" with the latter. Brian Eno_sentence_6

Alongside his solo work, Eno collaborated frequently with other musicians in the 1970s, including Robert Fripp, Harmonia, Cluster, Harold Budd, David Bowie, and David Byrne. Brian Eno_sentence_7

He also established himself as a sought-after producer, working on albums by John Cale, Jon Hassell, Laraaji, Talking Heads, Ultravox, and Devo, as well as the no wave compilation No New York (1978). Brian Eno_sentence_8

In subsequent decades, Eno continued to record solo albums and produce for other artists, most prominently U2 and Coldplay, alongside work with artists such as Daniel Lanois, Laurie Anderson, Grace Jones, Slowdive, Karl Hyde, James, Kevin Shields, and Damon Albarn. Brian Eno_sentence_9

Dating back to his time as a student, Eno has also worked in other media, including sound installations, film, and writing. Brian Eno_sentence_10

In the mid-1970s, he co-developed Oblique Strategies, a deck of cards featuring aphorisms intended to spur creative thinking. Brian Eno_sentence_11

From the 1970s onwards, Eno's installations have included the sails of the Sydney Opera House in 2009 and the Lovell Telescope at Jodrell Bank in 2016. Brian Eno_sentence_12

An advocate of a range of humanitarian causes, Eno writes on a variety of subjects and is a founding member of the Long Now Foundation. Brian Eno_sentence_13

In 2019, Eno was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Roxy Music. Brian Eno_sentence_14

Early life Brian Eno_section_0

Brian Peter George Eno was born on 15 May 1948 in the village of Melton, Suffolk, the son of William Arnold Eno (1916–1988), a postal worker and clock and watch repairer, and Maria Alphonsine Eno (née Buslot; 1922–2005), a Belgian national. Brian Eno_sentence_15

Eno is the eldest of their three children; he has a brother, Roger, and sister Arlette. Brian Eno_sentence_16

They have a half-sister, Rita, from their mother's previous relationship. Brian Eno_sentence_17

The surname Eno is derived from the French Huguenot surname Hennot. Brian Eno_sentence_18

In 1959, Eno attended St Joseph's College in Ipswich, an Catholic grammar school of the De La Salle Brothers order. Brian Eno_sentence_19

His confirmation name is derived from the school, taking the name Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno. Brian Eno_sentence_20

In 1964, after earning four O-levels, including one in art and maths, Eno had developed an interest in art and music and had no interest in a "conventional job". Brian Eno_sentence_21

He enrolled at the Ipswich School of Art, taking on the newly established Groundcourse foundation art degree established by new media artist Roy Ascott. Brian Eno_sentence_22

Here, one of Eno's teachers was artist Tom Phillips, who became a lifelong friend and encouraged his musical ability. Brian Eno_sentence_23

Phillips recalled the pair doing "piano tennis" in which, after collecting pianos, the two stripped and aligned them in a hall and struck them with tennis balls. Brian Eno_sentence_24

In 1966, Eno studied for a diploma in Fine Arts at the Winchester School of Art, from which he graduated in 1969. Brian Eno_sentence_25

It was at Winchester where Eno once attended a lecture by future Who guitarist Pete Townshend, also a former student of Ascott's, and cites that moment when Eno realised he could make music without formal training. Brian Eno_sentence_26

Whilst at school, Eno used a tape recorder as a musical instrument and in 1964 he joined his first group, the Black Aces, a four-piece with Eno on drums that he formed with three friends he met at the youth club he visited in Melton. Brian Eno_sentence_27

In late 1967, Eno pursued music once more, forming the Merchant Taylor's Simultaneous Cabinet, an avant-garde music, art, and performance trio with two Winchester undergraduates. Brian Eno_sentence_28

This was followed by short stints in multiple avant-garde and college groups, including The Maxwell Demon and Dandelion and The War Damage which featured Eno as frontman who adapted a theatrical persona on stage and later played the guitar. Brian Eno_sentence_29

Career Brian Eno_section_1

Awards and honors Brian Eno_section_2

Asteroid 81948 Eno, discovered by Marc Buie at Cerro Tololo in 2000, was named in his honor. Brian Eno_sentence_30

The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 18 May 2019 (M.P.C. Brian Eno_sentence_31

114955). Brian Eno_sentence_32

In 2019, he was awarded Starmus Festival's Stephen Hawking Medal for Science Communication for Music & Arts. Brian Eno_sentence_33

Influence Brian Eno_section_3

See also: Recording studio as an instrument Brian Eno_sentence_34

Eno is frequently referred to as one of popular music's most influential artists. Brian Eno_sentence_35

Producer and film composer Jon Brion has said: "I think he's the most influential artist since the Beatles." Brian Eno_sentence_36

Critic Jason Ankeny at AllMusic argues that Eno "forever altered the ways in which music is approached, composed, performed, and perceived, and everything from punk to techno to new age bears his unmistakable influence." Brian Eno_sentence_37

Eno has spread his techniques and theories primarily through his production; his distinctive style informed a number of projects in which he has been involved, including Bowie's "Berlin Trilogy" (helping to popularize minimalism) and the albums he produced for Talking Heads (incorporating, on Eno's advice, African music and polyrhythms), Devo, and other groups. Brian Eno_sentence_38

Eno's first collaboration with David Byrne, 1981's My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, utilised sampling techniques and broke ground by incorporating world music into popular Western music forms. Brian Eno_sentence_39

Eno and Peter Schmidt's Oblique Strategies have been used by many bands, and Eno's production style has proven influential in several general respects: "his recording techniques have helped change the way that modern musicians;– particularly electronic musicians;– view the studio. Brian Eno_sentence_40

No longer is it just a passive medium through which they communicate their ideas but itself a new instrument with seemingly endless possibilities." Brian Eno_sentence_41

Whilst inspired by the ideas of minimalist composers including John Cage, Terry Riley and Erik Satie, Eno coined the term ambient music to describe his own work and defined the term. Brian Eno_sentence_42

The Ambient Music Guide states that he has brought from "relative obscurity into the popular consciousness" fundamental ideas about ambient music, including "the idea of modern music as subtle atmosphere, as chill-out, as impressionistic, as something that creates space for quiet reflection or relaxation." Brian Eno_sentence_43

His groundbreaking work in electronic music has been said to have brought widespread attention to and innovations in the role of electronic technology in recording. Brian Eno_sentence_44

Pink Floyd keyboardist Rick Wright said he "often eulogised" Eno's abilities. Brian Eno_sentence_45

Eno's "unconventional studio predilections", in common with those of Peter Gabriel, were an influence on the recording of "In the Air Tonight", the single which launched the solo career of Eno's former drummer Phil Collins. Brian Eno_sentence_46

Collins said he "learned a lot" from working with Eno. Brian Eno_sentence_47

Both Half Man Half Biscuit (in the song "Eno Collaboration" on the EP of the same name) and MGMT have written songs about Eno. Brian Eno_sentence_48

LCD Soundsystem has frequently cited Eno as a key influence. Brian Eno_sentence_49

The Icelandic singer Björk also credited Eno as a major influence. Brian Eno_sentence_50

Mora sti Fotia (Babies on Fire), one of the most influential Greek rock bands, was named after Eno's song "Baby's on Fire". Brian Eno_sentence_51

In 2011, Belgian academics from the Royal Museum for Central Africa named a species of Afrotropical spider Pseudocorinna brianeno in his honour. Brian Eno_sentence_52

In September 2016, asked by the website Just Six Degrees to name a currently influential artist, Eno cited the conceptual, video and installation artist Jeremy Deller as a source of current inspiration: "Deller's work is often technically very ambitious, involving organising large groups of volunteers and helpers, but he himself is almost invisible in the end result. Brian Eno_sentence_53

I'm inspired by this quietly subversive way of being an artist, setting up situations and then letting them play out. Brian Eno_sentence_54

To me it's a form of social generative art where the 'generators' are people and their experiences, and where the role of the artist is to create a context within which they collide and create." Brian Eno_sentence_55

Personal life Brian Eno_section_4

Eno has married twice. Brian Eno_sentence_56

In March 1967, at the age of 18, Eno married Sarah Grenville. Brian Eno_sentence_57

They had a daughter, Hannah Louise (b. Brian Eno_sentence_58

1967), before they divorced. Brian Eno_sentence_59

In 1988, Eno married his manager Anthea Norman-Taylor. Brian Eno_sentence_60

They have two daughters, Irial Violet (b. Brian Eno_sentence_61

1990) and Darla Joy (b. Brian Eno_sentence_62

1991). Brian Eno_sentence_63

Eno has referred to himself as "kind of an evangelical atheist" but has also professed an interest in religion. Brian Eno_sentence_64

In 1996, Eno and others started the Long Now Foundation to educate the public about the very long-term future of society and to encourage long-term thinking in the exploration of enduring solutions to global issues. Brian Eno_sentence_65

In 2005, through the Long Now foundation's Long Bets, he won a $500 bet by challenging someone who predicted a Democrat would be president of the United States in 2005. Brian Eno_sentence_66

The Nokia 8800 Sirocco Edition mobile phone features exclusive music composed by Eno. Brian Eno_sentence_67

Between 8 January 2007 and 12 February 2007, ten units of Nokia 8800 Sirocco Brian Eno Signature Edition mobile phones, individually numbered and engraved with Eno's signature, were auctioned off. Brian Eno_sentence_68

All proceeds went to two charities chosen by Eno: the Keiskamma AIDS treatment program and the World Land Trust. Brian Eno_sentence_69

In 1991, Eno appeared on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs. Brian Eno_sentence_70

His chosen book was Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity by Richard Rorty and his luxury item was a radio telescope. Brian Eno_sentence_71

Politics Brian Eno_section_5

In 2007, Eno joined the Liberal Democrats as youth adviser under Nick Clegg. Brian Eno_sentence_72

Eno is now a member of the Labour Party. Brian Eno_sentence_73

In August 2015, he endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's campaign in the Labour Party leadership election. Brian Eno_sentence_74

He said at a rally in Camden Town Hall: "I don't think electability really is the most important thing. Brian Eno_sentence_75

What's important is that someone changes the conversation and moves us off this small-minded agenda." Brian Eno_sentence_76

He later wrote in The Guardian: "He's [Corbyn] been doing this with courage and integrity and with very little publicity. Brian Eno_sentence_77

This already distinguishes him from at least half the people in Westminster, whose strongest motivation seems to have been to get elected, whatever it takes." Brian Eno_sentence_78

In 2006, Eno was one of more than 100 artists and writers who signed an open letter calling for an international boycott of Israeli political and cultural institutions. Brian Eno_sentence_79

and in January 2009 he spoke out against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip by writing an opinion for CounterPunch and participating in a large-scale protest in London. Brian Eno_sentence_80

In 2014, Eno again protested publicly against what he called a "one-sided exercise in ethnic cleansing" and a "war [with] no moral justification," in reference to the 2014 military operation of Israel into Gaza. Brian Eno_sentence_81

He was also a co-signatory, along with Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Noam Chomsky, Alice Walker and others, to a letter published in The Guardian that labelled the conflict as an "inhumane and illegal act of military aggression" and called for "a comprehensive and legally binding military embargo on Israel, similar to that imposed on South Africa during apartheid." Brian Eno_sentence_82

In 2013, Eno became a patron of Videre Est Credere (Latin for "to see is to believe"), a UK human rights charity. Brian Eno_sentence_83

Videre describes itself as "give[ing] local activists the equipment, training and support needed to safely capture compelling video evidence of human rights violations. Brian Eno_sentence_84

This captured footage is verified, analysed and then distributed to those who can create change." Brian Eno_sentence_85

He participates alongside movie producers Uri Fruchtmann and Terry Gilliam – along with executive director of Greenpeace UK John Sauven. Brian Eno_sentence_86

Eno was appointed President of Stop the War Coalition in 2017. Brian Eno_sentence_87

He has had a long involvement with the organisation since it was set up in 2001. Brian Eno_sentence_88

He is also a trustee of the environmental law firm ClientEarth, Somerset House, and the Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose, set up by Mariana Mazzucato. Brian Eno_sentence_89

Eno opposes United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union. Brian Eno_sentence_90

Following the June 2016 referendum result when the British public voted to leave, Eno was among a group of British musicians who signed a letter to the Prime Minister Theresa May calling for a second referendum. Brian Eno_sentence_91

In November 2019, along with other public figures, Eno signed a letter supporting Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn describing him as "a beacon of hope in the struggle against emergent far-right nationalism, xenophobia and racism in much of the democratic world" and endorsed him for in the 2019 UK general election. Brian Eno_sentence_92

In December 2019, along with 42 other leading cultural figures, he signed a letter endorsing the Labour Party under Corbyn's leadership in the 2019 general election. Brian Eno_sentence_93

The letter stated that "Labour's election manifesto under Jeremy Corbyn's leadership offers a transformative plan that prioritises the needs of people and the planet over private profit and the vested interests of a few." Brian Eno_sentence_94

Brian Eno is early and prominent member of Democracy in Europe Movement 2025 (DiEM25) where he contributes, issues statements, take part in discussions and media events. Brian Eno_sentence_95

Discography Brian Eno_section_6

Main article: Brian Eno discography Brian Eno_sentence_96

Solo studio albums Brian Eno_sentence_97

Ambient installation albums Brian Eno_sentence_98

Brian Eno_unordered_list_0

See also Brian Eno_section_7

Brian Eno_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Eno.