Broadway theatre

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This article is about the type of theatre. Broadway theatre_sentence_0

For the individual theatre, see Broadway Theatre (53rd Street). Broadway theatre_sentence_1

For other uses, see Broadway Theatre (disambiguation). Broadway theatre_sentence_2

Broadway theatre, also known simply as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres, each with 500 or more seats, located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Broadway theatre_sentence_3

Broadway and London's West End together represent the highest commercial level of live theater in the English-speaking world. Broadway theatre_sentence_4

While the thoroughfare itself is eponymous with the district and its collection of 41 theaters, and is closely identified with Times Square, only four of the theaters are located on Broadway itself (being the Broadway Theatre, the Palace Theatre, the Minskoff Theatre, and the Winter Garden Theatre). Broadway theatre_sentence_5

The rest are located on the numbered cross streets extending from the Nederlander Theatre one block south of Times Square on West 41st Street, north along either side of Broadway to 53rd street, as well as the Vivian Beaumont Theater, at Lincoln Center on West 65th street. Broadway theatre_sentence_6

While exceptions exist, the term "Broadway theatre" is generally reserved for venues with a seating capacity of at least 500 people, smaller theaters are referred to as off-Broadway (regardless of location), while very small venues (less than 100) are called off-off-Broadway, a term that can also apply to non-commercial or avant garde theater, or productions held outside of traditional theater venues. Broadway theatre_sentence_7

The Theater District is a popular tourist attraction in New York City. Broadway theatre_sentence_8

According to The Broadway League, for the 2018–2019 season (which ended May 26, 2019) total attendance was 14,768,254 and Broadway shows had US$1,829,312,140 in grosses, with attendance up 9.5%, grosses up 10.3%, and playing weeks up 9.3%. Broadway theatre_sentence_9

Most Broadway shows are musicals. Broadway theatre_sentence_10

Historian Martin Shefter argues that "'Broadway musicals', culminating in the productions of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein, became enormously influential forms of American popular culture" and contributed to making New York City the cultural capital of the world. Broadway theatre_sentence_11

History Broadway theatre_section_0

Early theatre in New York Broadway theatre_section_1

New York did not have a significant theatre presence until about 1750, when actor-managers Walter Murray and Thomas Kean established a resident theatre company at the Theatre on Nassau Street, which held about 280 people. Broadway theatre_sentence_12

They presented Shakespeare plays and ballad operas such as The Beggar's Opera. Broadway theatre_sentence_13

In 1752, William Hallam sent a company of twelve actors from Britain to the colonies with his brother Lewis as their manager. Broadway theatre_sentence_14

They established a theatre in Williamsburg, Virginia and opened with The Merchant of Venice and The Anatomist. Broadway theatre_sentence_15

The company moved to New York in 1753, performing ballad operas and ballad-farces like Damon and Phillida. Broadway theatre_sentence_16

The Revolutionary War suspended theatre in New York, but thereafter theatre resumed in 1798, the year the 2,000-seat Park Theatre was built on Chatham Street (now called Park Row). Broadway theatre_sentence_17

The Bowery Theatre opened in 1826, followed by others. Broadway theatre_sentence_18

By the 1840s, P.T. Broadway theatre_sentence_19 Barnum was operating an entertainment complex in Lower Manhattan. Broadway theatre_sentence_20

In 1829, at Broadway and Prince Street, Niblo's Garden opened and soon became one of New York's premiere nightspots. Broadway theatre_sentence_21

The 3,000-seat theatre presented all sorts of musical and non-musical entertainments. Broadway theatre_sentence_22

In 1844, Palmo's Opera House opened and presented opera for only four seasons before bankruptcy led to its rebranding as a venue for plays under the name Burton's Theatre. Broadway theatre_sentence_23

The Astor Opera House opened in 1847. Broadway theatre_sentence_24

A riot broke out in 1849 when the lower-class patrons of the Bowery objected to what they perceived as snobbery by the upper class audiences at Astor Place: "After the Astor Place Riot of 1849, entertainment in New York City was divided along class lines: opera was chiefly for the upper middle and upper classes, minstrel shows and melodramas for the middle class, variety shows in concert saloons for men of the working class and the slumming middle class." Broadway theatre_sentence_25

The plays of William Shakespeare were frequently performed on the Broadway stage during the period, most notably by American actor Edwin Booth who was internationally known for his performance as Hamlet. Broadway theatre_sentence_26

Booth played the role for a famous 100 consecutive performances at the Winter Garden Theatre in 1865 (with the run ending just a few months before Booth's brother John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln), and would later revive the role at his own Booth's Theatre (which was managed for a time by his brother Junius Brutus Booth, Jr.). Broadway theatre_sentence_27

Other renowned Shakespeareans who appeared in New York in this era were Henry Irving, Tommaso Salvini, Fanny Davenport, and Charles Fechter. Broadway theatre_sentence_28

Birth of the musical and post-Civil War Broadway theatre_section_2

Theatre in New York moved from downtown gradually to midtown Manhattan beginning around 1850, seeking less expensive real estate. Broadway theatre_sentence_29

In the beginning of the 19th century, the area that now comprises the Theater District was owned by a handful of families and comprised a few farms. Broadway theatre_sentence_30

In 1836, Mayor Cornelius Lawrence opened 42nd Street and invited Manhattanites to "enjoy the pure clean air." Broadway theatre_sentence_31

Close to 60 years later, theatrical entrepreneur Oscar Hammerstein I built the iconic Victoria Theater on West 42nd Street. Broadway theatre_sentence_32

Broadway's first "long-run" musical was a 50-performance hit called The Elves in 1857. Broadway theatre_sentence_33

In 1870, the heart of Broadway was in Union Square, and by the end of the century, many theatres were near Madison Square. Broadway theatre_sentence_34

Theatres did not arrive in the Times Square area until the early 1900s, and the Broadway theatres did not consolidate there until a large number of theatres were built around the square in the 1920s and 1930s. Broadway theatre_sentence_35

New York runs continued to lag far behind those in London, but Laura Keene's "musical burletta" The Seven Sisters (1860) shattered previous New York records with a run of 253 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_36

It was at a performance by Keene's troupe of Our American Cousin in Washington, D.C. that Abraham Lincoln was shot. Broadway theatre_sentence_37

The first theatre piece that conforms to the modern conception of a musical, adding dance and original music that helped to tell the story, is considered to be The Black Crook, which premiered in New York on September 12, 1866. Broadway theatre_sentence_38

The production was five-and-a-half hours long, but despite its length, it ran for a record-breaking 474 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_39

The same year, The Black Domino/Between You, Me and the Post was the first show to call itself a "musical comedy". Broadway theatre_sentence_40

Tony Pastor opened the first vaudeville theatre one block east of Union Square in 1881, where Lillian Russell performed. Broadway theatre_sentence_41

Comedians Edward Harrigan and Tony Hart produced and starred in musicals on Broadway between 1878 (The Mulligan Guard Picnic) and 1890, with book and lyrics by Harrigan and music by his father-in-law David Braham. Broadway theatre_sentence_42

These musical comedies featured characters and situations taken from the everyday life of New York's lower classes and represented a significant step forward from vaudeville and burlesque, towards a more literate form. Broadway theatre_sentence_43

They starred high quality singers (Lillian Russell, Vivienne Segal, and Fay Templeton), instead of the women of questionable repute who had starred in earlier musical forms. Broadway theatre_sentence_44

As transportation improved, poverty in New York diminished, and street lighting made for safer travel at night, the number of potential patrons for the growing number of theatres increased enormously. Broadway theatre_sentence_45

Plays could run longer and still draw in the audiences, leading to better profits and improved production values. Broadway theatre_sentence_46

As in England, during the latter half of the century, the theatre began to be cleaned up, with less prostitution hindering the attendance of the theatre by women. Broadway theatre_sentence_47

Gilbert and Sullivan's family-friendly comic opera hits, beginning with H.M.S. Broadway theatre_sentence_48 Pinafore in 1878, were imported to New York (by the authors and also in numerous unlicensed productions). Broadway theatre_sentence_49

They were imitated in New York by American productions such as Reginald Dekoven's Robin Hood (1891) and John Philip Sousa's El Capitan (1896), along with operas, ballets and other British and European hits. Broadway theatre_sentence_50

1890s and early 1900s Broadway theatre_section_3

Charles H. Hoyt's A Trip to Chinatown (1891) became Broadway's long-run champion, holding the stage for 657 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_51

This would not be surpassed until Irene in 1919. Broadway theatre_sentence_52

In 1896, theatre owners Marc Klaw and A. Broadway theatre_sentence_53 L. Erlanger formed the Theatrical Syndicate, which controlled almost every legitimate theatre in the US for the next sixteen years. Broadway theatre_sentence_54

However, smaller vaudeville and variety houses proliferated, and Off-Broadway was well established by the end of the 19th century. Broadway theatre_sentence_55

A Trip to Coontown (1898) was the first musical comedy entirely produced and performed by African Americans in a Broadway theatre (largely inspired by the routines of the minstrel shows), followed by the ragtime-tinged Clorindy: The Origin of the Cakewalk (1898), and the highly successful In Dahomey (1902). Broadway theatre_sentence_56

Hundreds of musical comedies were staged on Broadway in the 1890s and early 1900s made up of songs written in New York's Tin Pan Alley involving composers such as Gus Edwards, John Walter Bratton, and George M. Cohan (Little Johnny Jones (1904), 45 Minutes From Broadway (1906), and George Washington Jr. (1906)). Broadway theatre_sentence_57

Still, New York runs continued to be relatively short, with a few exceptions, compared with London runs, until World War I. Broadway theatre_sentence_58

A few very successful British musicals continued to achieve great success in New York, including Florodora in 1900–01. Broadway theatre_sentence_59

1900–1925 Broadway theatre_section_4

In the early years of the 20th century, translations of popular late-19th century continental operettas were joined by the "Princess Theatre" shows of the 1910s by writers such as P. Broadway theatre_sentence_60 G. Wodehouse, Guy Bolton, and Harry B. Smith. Broadway theatre_sentence_61

Victor Herbert, whose work included some intimate musical plays with modern settings as well as his string of famous operettas (The Fortune Teller (1898), Babes in Toyland (1903), Mlle. Broadway theatre_sentence_62 Modiste (1905), The Red Mill (1906), and Naughty Marietta (1910)). Broadway theatre_sentence_63

Beginning with The Red Mill, Broadway shows installed electric signs outside the theatres. Broadway theatre_sentence_64

Since colored bulbs burned out too quickly, white lights were used, and Broadway was nicknamed "The Great White Way". Broadway theatre_sentence_65

In August 1919, the Actors' Equity Association demanded a standard contract for all professional productions. Broadway theatre_sentence_66

After a strike shut down all the theatres, the producers were forced to agree. Broadway theatre_sentence_67

By the 1920s, the Shubert Brothers had risen to take over the majority of the theatres from the Erlanger syndicate. Broadway theatre_sentence_68

During this time, the play Lightnin' by Winchell Smith and Frank Bacon became the first Broadway show to reach 700 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_69

From then, it would go on to become the first show to reach 1,000 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_70

Lightnin' was the longest-running Broadway show until being overtaken in performance totals by Abie's Irish Rose in 1925. Broadway theatre_sentence_71

Competing with motion pictures Broadway theatre_section_5

The motion picture mounted a challenge to the stage. Broadway theatre_sentence_72

At first, films were silent and presented only limited competition. Broadway theatre_sentence_73

By the end of the 1920s, films like The Jazz Singer were presented with synchronized sound, and critics wondered if the cinema would replace live theatre altogether. Broadway theatre_sentence_74

While live vaudeville could not compete with these inexpensive films that featured vaudeville stars and major comedians of the day, other theatre survived. Broadway theatre_sentence_75

The musicals of the Roaring Twenties, borrowing from vaudeville, music hall, and other light entertainment, tended to ignore plot in favor of emphasizing star actors and actresses, big dance routines, and popular songs. Broadway theatre_sentence_76

Florenz Ziegfeld produced annual spectacular song-and-dance revues on Broadway featuring extravagant sets and elaborate costumes, but there was little to tie the various numbers together. Broadway theatre_sentence_77

Typical of the 1920s were lighthearted productions such as Sally; Lady Be Good; Sunny; No, No, Nanette; Harlem; Oh, Kay! Broadway theatre_sentence_78 ; and Funny Face. Broadway theatre_sentence_79

Their books may have been forgettable, but they produced enduring standards from George Gershwin, Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, and Rodgers and Hart, among others, and Noël Coward, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Friml continued in the vein of Victor Herbert. Broadway theatre_sentence_80

Live theatre has survived the invention of cinema. Broadway theatre_sentence_81

Between the wars Broadway theatre_section_6

Leaving these comparatively frivolous entertainments behind and taking the drama a step forward, Show Boat premiered on December 27, 1927, at the Ziegfeld Theatre. Broadway theatre_sentence_82

It represented a complete integration of book and score, with dramatic themes, as told through the music, dialogue, setting and movement, woven together more seamlessly than in previous musicals. Broadway theatre_sentence_83

It ran for 572 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_84

The 1920s also spawned a new age of American playwright with the emergence of Eugene O'Neill, whose plays Beyond the Horizon, Anna Christie, The Hairy Ape, Strange Interlude and Mourning Becomes Electra proved that there was an audience for serious drama on Broadway, and O'Neill's success paved the way for major dramatists like Elmer Rice, Maxwell Anderson, Robert E. Sherwood, Clifford Odets, Tennessee Williams, and Arthur Miller, as well as writers of comedy like George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart. Broadway theatre_sentence_85

Classical revivals also proved popular with Broadway theatre-goers, notably John Barrymore in Hamlet and Richard III, John Gielgud in Hamlet, The Importance of Being Earnest and Much Ado About Nothing, Walter Hampden and José Ferrer in Cyrano de Bergerac, Paul Robeson and Ferrer in Othello, Maurice Evans in Richard II and the plays of George Bernard Shaw, and Katharine Cornell in such plays as Romeo and Juliet, Antony and Cleopatra, and Candida. Broadway theatre_sentence_86

As World War II approached, a dozen Broadway dramas addressed the rise of Nazism in Europe and the issue of American non-intervention. Broadway theatre_sentence_87

The most successful was Lillian Hellman's Watch on the Rhine, which opened in April 1941. Broadway theatre_sentence_88

1943–1970 Broadway theatre_section_7

After the lean years of the Great Depression, Broadway theatre had entered a golden age with the blockbuster hit Oklahoma! Broadway theatre_sentence_89 , in 1943, which ran for 2,212 performances. Broadway theatre_sentence_90

According to John Kenrick's writings on Broadway musicals, "Every season saw new stage musicals send songs to the top of the charts. Broadway theatre_sentence_91

Public demand, a booming economy and abundant creative talent kept Broadway hopping. Broadway theatre_sentence_92

To this day, the shows of the 1950s form the core of the musical theatre repertory." Broadway theatre_sentence_93

Kenrick notes that "the late 1960s marked a time of cultural upheaval. Broadway theatre_sentence_94

The changes would prove painful for many—including those behind the scenes, as well as those in the audience." Broadway theatre_sentence_95

Of the 1970s, Kenrick writes: "Just when it seemed that traditional book musicals were back in style, the decade ended with critics and audiences giving mixed signals." Broadway theatre_sentence_96

Ken Bloom observed that "The 1960s and 1970s saw a worsening of the area [Times Square] and a drop in the number of legitimate shows produced on Broadway." Broadway theatre_sentence_97

By way of comparison, in the 1950 to 1951 season (May to May) 94 productions opened on Broadway; in the 1969 to 1970 season (June to May) there were 59 productions (fifteen were revivals). Broadway theatre_sentence_98

In the twenties, there were 70–80 theaters, but by 1969, there were 36 left. Broadway theatre_sentence_99

1980s Broadway theatre_section_8

In early 1982, Joe Papp, the theatrical producer and director who established The Public Theater, led the "Save the Theatres" campaign. Broadway theatre_sentence_100

It was a not-for-profit group supported by the Actors Equity union to save the theater buildings in the neighborhood from demolition by monied Manhattan development interests. Broadway theatre_sentence_101

Papp provided resources, recruited a publicist and celebrated actors, and provided audio, lighting, and technical crews for the effort. Broadway theatre_sentence_102

At Papp's behest, in July 1982, a bill was introduced in the 97th Congress, entitled "H.R.6885, A bill to designate the Broadway/Times Square Theatre District in the City of New York as a national historic site". Broadway theatre_sentence_103

The legislation would have provided certain US government resources and assistance to help the city preserve the district. Broadway theatre_sentence_104

Faced with strong opposition and lobbying by Mayor Ed Koch's Administration and corporate Manhattan development interests, the bill was not passed. Broadway theatre_sentence_105

The Save the Theatres campaign then turned their efforts to supporting establishment of the Theater District as a registered historic district. Broadway theatre_sentence_106

In December 1983, Save the Theatres prepared "The Broadway Theater District, a Preservation Development and Management Plan", and demanded that each theater in the district receive landmark designation. Broadway theatre_sentence_107

Mayor Ed Koch ultimately reacted by creating a Theater Advisory Council, which included Papp. Broadway theatre_sentence_108

2020–2021 Broadway theatre_section_9

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Broadway theaters closed March 12, 2020, shuttering 16 shows that were playing or were in the process of opening. Broadway theatre_sentence_109

The shutdown was extended first to April, then to May, then June, then September 2020 and January 2021, and later to June 1, 2021. Broadway theatre_sentence_110

The 74th Tony Awards were also postponed and will be held virtually later in 2020. Broadway theatre_sentence_111

Tony nominations were announced on October 15, 2020 by James Monroe Iglehart. Broadway theatre_sentence_112

Description Broadway theatre_section_10

Schedule Broadway theatre_section_11

Although there are some exceptions, shows with open-ended runs generally have evening performances Tuesday through Saturday, with a 7:00 p.m. or 8:00 p.m. "curtain". Broadway theatre_sentence_113

The afternoon "" performances are at 2:00 p.m. on Wednesdays and Saturdays and at 3:00 p.m. on Sundays. Broadway theatre_sentence_114

This makes for an eight-performance week. Broadway theatre_sentence_115

On this schedule, most shows do not play on Monday and the shows and theatres are said to be "dark" on that day. Broadway theatre_sentence_116

The actors and the crew in these shows tend to regard Sunday evening through Monday evening as their weekend. Broadway theatre_sentence_117

The Tony award presentation ceremony is usually held on a Sunday evening in June to fit this schedule. Broadway theatre_sentence_118

In recent years, some shows have moved their Tuesday show time an hour earlier to 7:00 pm. Broadway theatre_sentence_119

The rationale for this move was that since fewer tourists take in shows midweek, Tuesday attendance depends more on local patrons. Broadway theatre_sentence_120

The earlier curtain makes it possible for suburban patrons to get home by a reasonable hour after the show. Broadway theatre_sentence_121

Some shows, especially those produced by Disney, change their performance schedules fairly frequently depending on the season. Broadway theatre_sentence_122

This is done in order to maximize access to their target audience. Broadway theatre_sentence_123

Producers and theatre owners Broadway theatre_section_12

Most Broadway producers and theatre owners are members of The Broadway League (formerly "The League of American Theatres and Producers"), a trade organization that promotes Broadway theatre as a whole, negotiates contracts with the various theatrical unions and agreements with the guilds, and co-administers the Tony Awards with the American Theatre Wing, a service organization. Broadway theatre_sentence_124

While the League and the theatrical unions are sometimes at loggerheads during those periods when new contracts are being negotiated, they also cooperate on many projects and events designed to promote professional theatre in New York. Broadway theatre_sentence_125

Of the four non-profit theatre companies with Broadway theatres, all four (Lincoln Center Theater, Manhattan Theatre Club, Roundabout Theatre Company, and Second Stage Theatre) belong to the League of Resident Theatres and have contracts with the theatrical unions which are negotiated separately from the other Broadway theatre and producers. Broadway theatre_sentence_126

(Disney also negotiates apart from the League, as did Livent before it closed down its operations.) Broadway theatre_sentence_127

The majority of Broadway theatres are owned or managed by three organizations: the Shubert Organization, a for-profit arm of the non-profit Shubert Foundation, which owns seventeen theatres; the Nederlander Organization, which controls nine theatres; and Jujamcyn, which owns five Broadway houses. Broadway theatre_sentence_128

Personnel Broadway theatre_section_13

Both musicals and stage plays on Broadway often rely on casting well-known performers in leading roles to draw larger audiences or bring in new audience members to the theatre. Broadway theatre_sentence_129

Actors from movies and television are frequently cast for the revivals of Broadway shows or are used to replace actors leaving a cast. Broadway theatre_sentence_130

There are still, however, performers who are primarily stage actors, spending most of their time "on the boards", and appearing in television and in screen roles only secondarily. Broadway theatre_sentence_131

As Patrick Healy of The New York Times noted: Broadway theatre_sentence_132

According to Mark Shenton, "One of the biggest changes to the commercial theatrical landscape—on both sides of the Atlantic—over the past decade or so is that sightings of big star names turning out to do plays has gone up; but the runs they are prepared to commit to has gone down. Broadway theatre_sentence_133

Time was that a producer would require a minimum commitment from his star of six months, and perhaps a year; now, the 13-week run is the norm." Broadway theatre_sentence_134

The minimum size of the Broadway orchestra is governed by an agreement with the musicians' union (Local 802, American Federation of Musicians) and The Broadway League. Broadway theatre_sentence_135

For example, the agreement specifies the minimum size of the orchestra at the Minskoff Theatre to be 18, while at the Music Box Theatre it is 9. Broadway theatre_sentence_136

Runs Broadway theatre_section_14

See also: List of the longest-running Broadway shows Broadway theatre_sentence_137

Most Broadway shows are commercial productions intended to make a profit for the producers and investors ("backers" or "angels"), and therefore have open-ended runs (duration that the production plays), meaning that the length of their presentation is not set beforehand, but depends on critical response, word of mouth, and the effectiveness of the show's advertising, all of which determine ticket sales. Broadway theatre_sentence_138

Investing in a commercial production carries a varied degree of financial risk. Broadway theatre_sentence_139

Shows need not make a profit immediately; should they make their "nut" (weekly operating expenses), or lose money at a rate acceptable to the producers, they may continue to run in the expectation that, eventually, they will pay back their initial costs and become profitable. Broadway theatre_sentence_140

In some borderline situations, producers may ask that royalties be temporarily reduced or waived, or even that performers—with the permission of their unions—take reduced salaries, in order to prevent a show from closing. Broadway theatre_sentence_141

Theatre owners, who are not generally profit participants in most productions, may waive or reduce rents, or even lend a show money in order to keep it running. Broadway theatre_sentence_142

Some Broadway shows are produced by non-commercial organizations as part of a regular subscription season—Lincoln Center Theatre, Roundabout Theatre Company, Manhattan Theatre Club, and Second Stage Theater are the four non-profit theatre companies that currently have permanent Broadway venues. Broadway theatre_sentence_143

Some other productions are produced on Broadway with "limited engagement runs" for a number of reasons, including financial issues, prior engagements of the performers or temporary availability of a theatre between the end of one production and the beginning of another. Broadway theatre_sentence_144

However, some shows with planned limited engagement runs may, after critical acclaim or box office success, extend their engagements or convert to open-ended runs. Broadway theatre_sentence_145

This was the case with 2007's August: Osage County, 2009's God of Carnage, and 2012's Newsies. Broadway theatre_sentence_146

Historically, musicals on Broadway tend to have longer runs than "straight" (i.e., non-musical) plays. Broadway theatre_sentence_147

On January 9, 2006, The Phantom of the Opera at the Majestic Theatre became the longest running Broadway musical, with 7,486 performances, overtaking Cats. Broadway theatre_sentence_148

Audience Broadway theatre_section_15

Attending a Broadway show is a common tourist activity in New York. Broadway theatre_sentence_149

The TKTS booths sell same-day tickets (and in certain cases, next-day matinee tickets) for many Broadway and Off-Broadway shows at a discount of 20 to 50%. Broadway theatre_sentence_150

The TKTS booths are located in Times Square, in Lower Manhattan, and at Lincoln Center. Broadway theatre_sentence_151

This service is run by Theatre Development Fund. Broadway theatre_sentence_152

Many Broadway theatres also offer special student rates, same-day "rush" or "lottery" tickets, or standing-room tickets to help ensure that their theatres are as full—and their grosses as high—as possible. Broadway theatre_sentence_153

According to The Broadway League, total Broadway attendance was 14.77 million in 2018–2019, compared to 13.79 million in 2017–2018. Broadway theatre_sentence_154

The Broadway League also reports that approximately 66% of all Broadway tickets were purchased by tourists in the 2012–2013 season, an increase of three percent from the 2011–2012 season. Broadway theatre_sentence_155

By way of comparison, London's West End theatre reported total attendance of 15.5 million for major commercial and grant-aided theatres in central London for 2018. Broadway theatre_sentence_156

The average age of the Broadway audience in the 2017–18 theater season was 40, the lowest it had been in nearly two decades. Broadway theatre_sentence_157

Off-Broadway and US tours Broadway theatre_section_16

Awards Broadway theatre_section_17

Broadway productions and artists are honored by the annual Antoinette Perry Awards (commonly called the "Tony Awards", or "Tony") which are given by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League, and which were first presented in 1947. Broadway theatre_sentence_158

The Tony is Broadway's most prestigious award, comparable to the Academy Awards for Hollywood film productions. Broadway theatre_sentence_159

Their importance has increased since 1967 when the awards presentation show began to be broadcast on national television. Broadway theatre_sentence_160

In a strategy to improve the television ratings, celebrities are often chosen to host the show, some with scant connection to the theatre. Broadway theatre_sentence_161

The most recent Tony Awards ceremony was held on June 9, 2019. Broadway theatre_sentence_162

Other awards given to Broadway productions include the Drama Desk Award, presented since 1955, the New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards, first given in 1936, and the Outer Critics Circle Award, initially presented in 1950. Broadway theatre_sentence_163

Broadway theatres and current productions Broadway theatre_section_18

Main article: List of Broadway theaters Broadway theatre_sentence_164

Broadway theatre_unordered_list_0

  • An * after the opening date indicates that the listed show has not yet opened, but is scheduled to open on the given date at that theatre.Broadway theatre_item_0_0
  • An * after the closing date indicates that there is another production scheduled for this theatre.Broadway theatre_item_0_1
  • Capacity is based on the capacity given for the respective theatre at the Internet Broadway Database.Broadway theatre_item_0_2

Broadway theatre_table_general_0

TheatreBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_0 AddressBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_1 CapacityBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_2 Owner/OperatorBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_3 Current productionBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_4 TypeBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_5 OpeningBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_6 ClosingBroadway theatre_header_cell_0_0_7
Al Hirschfeld TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_1_0 W. 45th St. (No. 302)Broadway theatre_cell_0_1_1 1424Broadway theatre_cell_0_1_2 Jujamcyn TheatersBroadway theatre_cell_0_1_3 Moulin Rouge!Broadway theatre_cell_0_1_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_1_5 2019-07-25July 25, 2019Broadway theatre_cell_0_1_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_1_7
Ambassador TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_2_0 W. 49th St. (No. 219)Broadway theatre_cell_0_2_1 1125Broadway theatre_cell_0_2_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_2_3 ChicagoBroadway theatre_cell_0_2_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_2_5 1996-11-14November 14, 1996Broadway theatre_cell_0_2_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_2_7
American Airlines TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_3_0 W. 42nd St. (No. 227)Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_1 740Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_2 Roundabout Theatre CompanyBroadway theatre_cell_0_3_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_3_7
August Wilson TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_4_0 W. 52nd St. (No. 245)Broadway theatre_cell_0_4_1 1228Broadway theatre_cell_0_4_2 Jujamcyn TheatersBroadway theatre_cell_0_4_3 Mean GirlsBroadway theatre_cell_0_4_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_4_5 2018-04-08April 8, 2018Broadway theatre_cell_0_4_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_4_7
Belasco TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_5_0 W. 44th St. (No. 111)Broadway theatre_cell_0_5_1 1018Broadway theatre_cell_0_5_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_5_3 Girl from the North CountryBroadway theatre_cell_0_5_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_5_5 2020-03-05March 5, 2020Broadway theatre_cell_0_5_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_5_7
Bernard B. Jacobs TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_6_0 W. 45th St. (No. 242)Broadway theatre_cell_0_6_1 1078Broadway theatre_cell_0_6_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_6_3 CompanyBroadway theatre_cell_0_6_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_6_5 TBD*Broadway theatre_cell_0_6_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_6_7
Booth TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_7_0 W. 45th St. (No. 222)Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_1 766Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_7_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_7_7
Broadhurst TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_8_0 W. 44th St. (No. 235)Broadway theatre_cell_0_8_1 1186Broadway theatre_cell_0_8_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_8_3 Jagged Little PillBroadway theatre_cell_0_8_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_8_5 2019-12-05December 5, 2019Broadway theatre_cell_0_8_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_8_7
Broadway TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_9_0 W. 53rd St & Broadway (No. 1681)Broadway theatre_cell_0_9_1 1761Broadway theatre_cell_0_9_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_9_3 West Side StoryBroadway theatre_cell_0_9_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_9_5 2020-02-20February 20, 2020Broadway theatre_cell_0_9_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_9_7
Brooks Atkinson TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_10_0 W. 47th St. (No. 256)Broadway theatre_cell_0_10_1 1094Broadway theatre_cell_0_10_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_10_3 SixBroadway theatre_cell_0_10_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_10_5 TBD*Broadway theatre_cell_0_10_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_10_7
Circle in the Square TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_11_0 W. 50th St. (No. 235)Broadway theatre_cell_0_11_1 840Broadway theatre_cell_0_11_2 IndependentBroadway theatre_cell_0_11_3 American BuffaloBroadway theatre_cell_0_11_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_11_5 April 14, 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_11_6 Limited engagementBroadway theatre_cell_0_11_7
Cort TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_12_0 W. 48th St. (No. 138)Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_1 1084Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_12_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_12_7
Ethel Barrymore TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_13_0 W. 47th St. (No. 243)Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_1 1096Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_13_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_13_7
Eugene O'Neill TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_14_0 W. 49th St. (No. 230)Broadway theatre_cell_0_14_1 1066Broadway theatre_cell_0_14_2 Jujamcyn TheatersBroadway theatre_cell_0_14_3 The Book of MormonBroadway theatre_cell_0_14_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_14_5 2011-03-24March 24, 2011Broadway theatre_cell_0_14_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_14_7
Gerald Schoenfeld TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_15_0 W. 45th St. (No. 236)Broadway theatre_cell_0_15_1 1079Broadway theatre_cell_0_15_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_15_3 Come from AwayBroadway theatre_cell_0_15_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_15_5 2017-03-12March 12, 2017Broadway theatre_cell_0_15_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_15_7
Gershwin TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_16_0 W. 51st St. (No. 222)Broadway theatre_cell_0_16_1 1933Broadway theatre_cell_0_16_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_16_3 WickedBroadway theatre_cell_0_16_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_16_5 2003-10-30October 30, 2003Broadway theatre_cell_0_16_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_16_7
Hayes TheaterBroadway theatre_cell_0_17_0 W. 44th St. (No. 240)Broadway theatre_cell_0_17_1 597Broadway theatre_cell_0_17_2 Second Stage TheaterBroadway theatre_cell_0_17_3 Take Me OutBroadway theatre_cell_0_17_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_17_5 April 22, 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_17_6 Limited engagementBroadway theatre_cell_0_17_7
Hudson TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_18_0 W. 44th St. (No. 141)Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_1 975Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_2 Ambassador Theatre GroupBroadway theatre_cell_0_18_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_18_7
Imperial TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_19_0 W. 45th St. (No. 249)Broadway theatre_cell_0_19_1 1443Broadway theatre_cell_0_19_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_19_3 Ain't Too ProudBroadway theatre_cell_0_19_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_19_5 2019-03-21March 21, 2019Broadway theatre_cell_0_19_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_19_7
John Golden TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_20_0 W. 45th St. (No. 252)Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_1 805Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_20_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_20_7
Longacre TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_21_0 W. 48th St. (No. 220)Broadway theatre_cell_0_21_1 1091Broadway theatre_cell_0_21_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_21_3 DianaBroadway theatre_cell_0_21_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_21_5 2021-05-25May 25, 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_21_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_21_7
Lunt-Fontanne TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_22_0 W. 46th St. (No. 205)Broadway theatre_cell_0_22_1 1519Broadway theatre_cell_0_22_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_22_3 Tina—The Tina Turner MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_22_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_22_5 2019-11-07November 7, 2019Broadway theatre_cell_0_22_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_22_7
Lyceum TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_23_0 W. 45th St. (No. 149)Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_1 922Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_23_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_23_7
Lyric TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_24_0 W. 43rd St. (No. 214)Broadway theatre_cell_0_24_1 1622Broadway theatre_cell_0_24_2 Ambassador Theatre GroupBroadway theatre_cell_0_24_3 Harry Potter and the Cursed ChildBroadway theatre_cell_0_24_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_24_5 2018-04-22April 22, 2018Broadway theatre_cell_0_24_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_24_7
Majestic TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_25_0 W. 44th St. (No. 245)Broadway theatre_cell_0_25_1 1645Broadway theatre_cell_0_25_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_25_3 The Phantom of the OperaBroadway theatre_cell_0_25_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_25_5 1988-01-26January 26, 1988Broadway theatre_cell_0_25_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_25_7
Marquis TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_26_0 W. 46th St. (No. 210)Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_1 1612Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_26_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_26_7
Minskoff TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_27_0 W. 45th St. (No. 200)Broadway theatre_cell_0_27_1 1710Broadway theatre_cell_0_27_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_27_3 The Lion KingBroadway theatre_cell_0_27_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_27_5 1997-11-13November 13, 1997Broadway theatre_cell_0_27_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_27_7
Music Box TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_28_0 W. 45th St. (No. 239)Broadway theatre_cell_0_28_1 1009Broadway theatre_cell_0_28_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_28_3 Dear Evan HansenBroadway theatre_cell_0_28_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_28_5 2016-12-04December 4, 2016Broadway theatre_cell_0_28_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_28_7
Nederlander TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_29_0 W. 41st St. (No. 208)Broadway theatre_cell_0_29_1 1235Broadway theatre_cell_0_29_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_29_3 The Lehman TrilogyBroadway theatre_cell_0_29_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_29_5 TBD*Broadway theatre_cell_0_29_6 Limited engagementBroadway theatre_cell_0_29_7
Neil Simon TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_30_0 W. 52nd St. (No. 250)Broadway theatre_cell_0_30_1 1467Broadway theatre_cell_0_30_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_30_3 MJ: The MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_30_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_30_5 September 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_30_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_30_7
New Amsterdam TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_31_0 W. 42nd St. (No. 214)Broadway theatre_cell_0_31_1 1747Broadway theatre_cell_0_31_2 Disney Theatrical GroupBroadway theatre_cell_0_31_3 AladdinBroadway theatre_cell_0_31_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_31_5 2014-03-20March 20, 2014Broadway theatre_cell_0_31_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_31_7
Palace TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_32_0 W. 47th St. & Broadway (No. 1564)Broadway theatre_cell_0_32_1 1743Broadway theatre_cell_0_32_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_32_3 ZzThe Palace Theatre closed for renovation in September 2018. It is scheduled to reopen in or around 2021.Broadway theatre_cell_0_32_4
Richard Rodgers TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_33_0 W. 46th St. (No. 226)Broadway theatre_cell_0_33_1 1400Broadway theatre_cell_0_33_2 Nederlander OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_33_3 HamiltonBroadway theatre_cell_0_33_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_33_5 2015-08-06August 6, 2015Broadway theatre_cell_0_33_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_33_7
St. James TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_34_0 W. 44th St. (No. 246)Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_1 1709Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_2 Jujamcyn TheatersBroadway theatre_cell_0_34_3 Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_4 Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_5 Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_6 Broadway theatre_cell_0_34_7
Samuel J. Friedman TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_35_0 W. 47th St. (No. 261)Broadway theatre_cell_0_35_1 650Broadway theatre_cell_0_35_2 Manhattan Theatre ClubBroadway theatre_cell_0_35_3 Lackawanna BluesBroadway theatre_cell_0_35_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_35_5 Fall 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_35_6 Limited EngagementBroadway theatre_cell_0_35_7
Shubert TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_36_0 W. 44th St. (No. 225)Broadway theatre_cell_0_36_1 1460Broadway theatre_cell_0_36_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_36_3 To Kill a MockingbirdBroadway theatre_cell_0_36_4 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_0_36_5 2018-12-13December 13, 2018Broadway theatre_cell_0_36_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_36_7
Stephen Sondheim TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_37_0 W. 43rd St. (No. 124)Broadway theatre_cell_0_37_1 1055Broadway theatre_cell_0_37_2 Roundabout Theatre CompanyBroadway theatre_cell_0_37_3 Mrs. DoubtfireBroadway theatre_cell_0_37_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_37_5 TBD*Broadway theatre_cell_0_37_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_37_7
Studio 54Broadway theatre_cell_0_38_0 W. 54th St. (No. 254)Broadway theatre_cell_0_38_1 1006Broadway theatre_cell_0_38_2 Roundabout Theatre CompanyBroadway theatre_cell_0_38_3 Caroline, or ChangeBroadway theatre_cell_0_38_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_38_5 Fall 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_38_6 Limited engagementBroadway theatre_cell_0_38_7
Vivian Beaumont TheaterBroadway theatre_cell_0_39_0 W. 65th St. (No. 150)Broadway theatre_cell_0_39_1 1080Broadway theatre_cell_0_39_2 Lincoln Center TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_39_3 Flying Over SunsetBroadway theatre_cell_0_39_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_39_5 Fall 2021*Broadway theatre_cell_0_39_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_39_7
Walter Kerr TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_40_0 W. 48th St. (No. 219)Broadway theatre_cell_0_40_1 945Broadway theatre_cell_0_40_2 Jujamcyn TheatersBroadway theatre_cell_0_40_3 HadestownBroadway theatre_cell_0_40_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_40_5 2019-04-17April 17, 2019Broadway theatre_cell_0_40_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_40_7
Winter Garden TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_0_41_0 W. 50th St. & Broadway (No. 1634)Broadway theatre_cell_0_41_1 1526Broadway theatre_cell_0_41_2 Shubert OrganizationBroadway theatre_cell_0_41_3 The Music ManBroadway theatre_cell_0_41_4 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_0_41_5 2022-02-10February 10, 2022*Broadway theatre_cell_0_41_6 Open-endedBroadway theatre_cell_0_41_7

Upcoming productions Broadway theatre_section_19

The following have been announced as future Broadway productions. Broadway theatre_sentence_165

The theatre in which they will run may not yet be known, or, if known, may be currently occupied by another show. Broadway theatre_sentence_166

Broadway theatre_table_general_1

ProductionBroadway theatre_header_cell_1_0_0 TypeBroadway theatre_header_cell_1_0_1 TheatreBroadway theatre_header_cell_1_0_2 OpeningBroadway theatre_header_cell_1_0_3 RefBroadway theatre_header_cell_1_0_4
1776Broadway theatre_cell_1_1_0 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_1_1_1 American Airlines TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_1_1_2 Spring 2022Broadway theatre_cell_1_1_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_1_4
American UtopiaBroadway theatre_cell_1_2_0 SpecialBroadway theatre_cell_1_2_1 TBABroadway theatre_cell_1_2_2 September 17, 2021Broadway theatre_cell_1_2_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_2_4
Birthday CandlesBroadway theatre_cell_1_3_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_3_1 American Airlines TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_1_3_2 Late 2021Broadway theatre_cell_1_3_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_3_4
How I Learned to DriveBroadway theatre_cell_1_4_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_4_1 Samuel J. Friedman TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_1_4_2 Spring 2022Broadway theatre_cell_1_4_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_4_4
The MinutesBroadway theatre_cell_1_5_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_5_1 TBABroadway theatre_cell_1_5_2 2022-03-15March 15, 2022Broadway theatre_cell_1_5_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_5_4
Plaza SuiteBroadway theatre_cell_1_6_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_6_1 Hudson TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_1_6_2 2021-03-19March 19, 2021Broadway theatre_cell_1_6_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_6_4
Sing StreetBroadway theatre_cell_1_7_0 MusicalBroadway theatre_cell_1_7_1 Shubert theatre to be announcedBroadway theatre_cell_1_7_2 2021-22 SeasonBroadway theatre_cell_1_7_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_7_4
Thoughts of a Colored ManBroadway theatre_cell_1_8_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_8_1 TBABroadway theatre_cell_1_8_2 TBABroadway theatre_cell_1_8_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_8_4
Trouble in MindBroadway theatre_cell_1_9_0 PlayBroadway theatre_cell_1_9_1 American Airlines TheatreBroadway theatre_cell_1_9_2 Late 2021Broadway theatre_cell_1_9_3 Broadway theatre_cell_1_9_4


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadway theatre.