Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge

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"Gonville & Caius" redirects here. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_0

For the mountain ranges of Victoria Land, see Gonville and Caius Range. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_1

Gonville & Caius College (often referred to simply as Caius /kiːz/ KEEZ) is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_2

The college is the fourth-oldest college at the University of Cambridge and one of the wealthiest. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_3

The college has been attended by many students who have gone on to significant accomplishment, including fifteen Nobel Prize winners, the second-most of any Oxbridge college (after Trinity College, Cambridge). Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_4

The college has long historical associations with medical teaching, especially due to its alumni physicians: John Caius (who gave the college the caduceus in its insignia) and William Harvey. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_5

Other famous alumni in the sciences include Francis Crick (joint discoverer, along with James Watson, of the structure of DNA), James Chadwick (discoverer of the neutron) and Howard Florey (developer of penicillin). Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_6

Stephen Hawking, previously Cambridge's Lucasian Chair of Mathematics Emeritus, was a fellow of the college until his death in 2018. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_7

The college also maintains reputable academic programmes in many other disciplines, including law, economics, English literature and history. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_8

Several streets in the city, such as Harvey Road, Glisson Road and Gresham Road, are named after alumni of the College. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_9

The college and its masters have been influential in the development of the university, founding other colleges like Trinity Hall and Darwin College and providing land on the Sidgwick Site, e.g. for the Squire Law Library. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_10

History Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_0

The college was first founded, as Gonville Hall, by Edmund Gonville, Rector of Terrington St Clement in Norfolk in 1348, making it the fourth-oldest surviving college. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_11

When Gonville died three years later, he left a struggling institution with almost no money. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_12

The executor of his will, William Bateman, Bishop of Norwich, stepped in, transferring the college to its current location. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_13

He leased himself the land close to the river to set up his own college, Trinity Hall, and renamed Gonville Hall The Hall of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_14

Bateman appointed as the first Master of the new college his former chaplain John Colton, later Archbishop of Armagh. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_15

By the sixteenth century, the college had fallen into disrepair, and in 1557 it was refounded by Royal Charter as Gonville & Caius College by the physician John Caius. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_16

John Caius was master of the college from 1559 until shortly before his death in 1573. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_17

He provided the college with significant funds and greatly extended the buildings. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_18

During his time as Master, Caius accepted no payment but insisted on several unusual rules. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_19

He insisted that the college admit no scholar who "is deformed, dumb, blind, lame, maimed, mutilated, a Welshman, or suffering from any grave or contagious illness, or an invalid, that is sick in a serious measure". Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_20

Caius also built a three-sided court, Caius Court, "lest the air from being confined within a narrow space should become foul". Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_21

Caius did, however, found the college as a strong centre for the study of medicine, a tradition that it aims to keep to this day. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_22

By 1630, the college had expanded greatly, having around 25 fellows and 150 students, but numbers fell over the next century, returning to the 1630 level only in the early nineteenth century. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_23

Since then the college has grown considerably and now has one of the largest undergraduate populations in the university. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_24

The college first admitted women as fellows and students in 1979. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_25

It now has over 110 Fellows, over 700 students and about 200 staff. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_26

Gonville & Caius is one of the wealthiest of all Cambridge colleges with an endowment of £221 million in 2018. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_27

The college's present Master, the 43rd, is Pippa Rogerson. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_28

Buildings and grounds Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_1

Old Courts Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_2

The first buildings to be erected on the college's current site date from 1353 when Bateman built Gonville Court. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_29

The college chapel was added in 1393 with the Old Hall (used until recently as a library) and Master's Lodge following in the next half century. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_30

Most of the stone used to build the college came from Ramsey Abbey near Ramsey, Cambridgeshire. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_31

Gonville and Caius has the oldest purpose-built college chapel in either Oxford or Cambridge which has been in continuous use as such. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_32

The chapel is situated centrally within the college, reflecting the college's religious foundation. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_33

On the re-foundation by Caius, the college was expanded and updated. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_34

In 1565 the building of Caius Court began, and Caius planted an avenue of trees in what is now known as Tree Court. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_35

He was also responsible for the building of the college's three gates, symbolising the path of academic life. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_36

On matriculation, one arrives at the Gate of Humility (near the Porters' Lodge). Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_37

In the centre of the college one passes through the Gate of Virtue regularly. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_38

And finally, graduating students pass through the Gate of Honour on their way to the neighbouring Senate House to receive their degrees. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_39

The Gate of Honour, at the south side of Caius Court, though the most direct way from the Old Courts to the College Library (Cockerell Building), is only used for special occasions such as graduation. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_40

The students of Gonville and Caius commonly refer to the fourth gate in the college, between Tree Court and Gonville Court, which also gives access to some lavatories, as the Gate of Necessity. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_41

The buildings of Gonville Court were given classical facades in the 1750s, and the Old Library and the Hall were designed by Anthony Salvin in 1854. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_42

On the wall of the Hall hangs a college flag which in 1912 was flown at the South Pole by Cambridge's Edward Adrian Wilson during the famous Terra Nova Expedition of 1910–1913. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_43

Gonville Court, though remodelled in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is the oldest part of the college. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_44

New lecture rooms were designed by Alfred Waterhouse and completed by Rattee and Kett in 1884. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_45

Tree Court is the largest of the Old Courts. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_46

It is so named because John Caius planted an avenue of trees there. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_47

Although none of the original trees survive, the court retains a number of trees and the tree-lined avenue, which is unusual for a Cambridge front court. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_48

West Road site Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_3

Caius owns a substantial amount of land between West Road and Sidgwick Avenue. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_49

Set in landscaped gardens, the modern Harvey Court (named after William Harvey and designed by Leslie Martin) was built on the West Road site in 1961. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_50

Adjacent to Harvey Court is the Stephen Hawking Building, which opened its doors to first-year undergraduates in October 2006. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_51

Providing ensuite accommodation for 75 students and eight fellows, as well as providing conference facilities in the vacations, the Stephen Hawking Building boasts some of the highest-standard student accommodation in Cambridge. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_52

Additional buildings provide housing for older students, a day care, and various study and music rooms. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_53

The college also owns extensive gardens and the land on which the adjacent Squire Law Library has stood since 1995. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_54

Library Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_4

Caius also has one of the largest libraries in Oxbridge, housed in the Cockerell Building. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_55

Caius acquired the lease on the building, which previously housed the Seeley History Library and the Squire Law Library, in the 1990s. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_56

The college library was relocated there from Gonville Court in the summer of 1996, following an extensive renovation. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_57

Other courts and college accommodation Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_5

These courts are across Trinity Street on land surrounding St Michael's Church. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_58

St Michael's Court was completed only in the 1930s, with the building on its south side of a new building overlooking the Market Place. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_59

The college also owns several houses around Cambridge, on Mortimer Road and Gresham Road, where some second year undergraduates live, and on Harvey Road and St Paul's Road, which are occupied by graduate students. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_60

Grounds Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_6

The Fellows' garden lies just beyond Harvey Court, on Sidgwick Avenue. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_61

The extensive sports fields are located on Barton Road, a few minute's walk from Harvey Court. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_62

Traditions Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_7

Gonville and Caius College maintains many traditions, and is unusual in that it offers two seatings in Hall six nights a week. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_63

Typically attended by between 200–300 students, Hall consists of a three-course meal served after 18:00 (First Hall) or 19:15 (Formal Hall); Formal Hall requires a gown be worn, also seats Fellows at high table, and is preceded by the benediction: Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_64

Benedic, Domine, nobis et donis tuis quae ex largitate tua sumus sumpturi; et concede ut, ab iis salubriter enutriti, tibi debitum obsequium praestare valeamus, per Jesum Christum dominum nostrum; mensae caelestis nos participes facias, Rex aeternae gloriae. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_65

As at most Oxbridge colleges, it is tradition that only the Fellows may walk on the grass. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_66

The college also enforces the system of "exeats", or official permissions to leave the college. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_67

Students wishing to be absent from college overnight during term time must obtain leave to do so from their tutors, and "terminal exeats" must be obtained before the end of term. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_68

Student life Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_8

Caius Boat Club is the college's boat club, with the men's 1st VIII remaining unbeaten in the seasons of 2010/11 and of 2011/2012, and (as of 2019) is currently in possession of both the Lent and May Bumps headships. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_69

Caius Jazz takes place most terms in the college bar, inviting 'some of the most illustrious names in the contemporary scene' and a house band of students studying at London conservatoires to play in the college bar. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_70

In recent years Steve Fishwick, Sam Mayne, Ian Shaw, Barry Green, Gareth Lockrane, and Paul Jarvis have all been featured. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_71

The Caius May Ball is an all-night party in June, held every two years. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_72

Choir Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_9

Main article: Choir of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_73

The choir was founded by the composer Charles Wood in the late nineteenth century, and was most recently directed by the scholar of South-American choral music, Geoffrey Webber until his resignation in 2019. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_74

The choir tours abroad and records eclectically. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_75

The choir is made up from Scholars and Exhibitioners from the college, and a few volunteers from other colleges. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_76

JCR Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_10

The college currently has a GCSU (Gonville and Caius Student Union). Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_77

Francesca Hunt is the current president. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_78

Notable members Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_11

Nobel Prize laureates Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_12

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_unordered_list_0

  • 1932 Charles Scott Sherrington – neurophysiologist (student and fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_0
  • 1935 James Chadwick – physicist, discoverer of the neutron (student, fellow and master).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_1
  • 1945 Howard Florey – co-developer of penicillin (fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_2
  • 1954 Max Born – physicist.Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_3
  • 1962 Francis Crick – discovery of the structure of DNA (PhD student and honorary fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_4
  • 1972 John Hicks – economist (fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_5
  • 1974 Antony Hewish – astronomer (student and fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_6
  • 1976 Milton Friedman – economist (visiting fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_7
  • 1977 Nevill Francis Mott – theoretical physicist (fellow and master).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_8
  • 1984 Richard Stone – economist.Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_9
  • 2001 Joseph Stiglitz – economist (fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_10
  • 2008 Roger Tsien – chemist (fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_11
  • 2013 Michael Levitt – chemist (PhD student and research fellow).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_12
  • 2016 Michael Kosterlitz – physicist.Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_13
  • 2019 Peter J. Ratcliffe – physician-scientist (student).Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_0_14

Notable alumni Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_13

For a more comprehensive list, see List of alumni of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_79

Notable fellows and masters Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_14

Main category: Fellows of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_80

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Masters of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_sentence_81

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_unordered_list_1

Notable organ scholars Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_15

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_unordered_list_2

Burials Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_section_16

Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge_unordered_list_3

  • John CaiusGonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_3_64
  • Thomas LeggeGonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_3_65
  • Stephen PerseGonville and Caius College, Cambridge_item_3_66


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.