Cape Breton Highlands National Park

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cape Breton Highlands National Park_table_infobox_0

Cape Breton Highlands National ParkCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_0_0
LocationCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_1_0 Ingonish, Nova Scotia, CanadaCape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_1_1
CoordinatesCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_2_0 Cape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_2_1
AreaCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_3_0 949 km (366 sq mi)Cape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_4_0 1936Cape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_4_1
VisitorsCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_5_0 333,746 (in 2017-18)Cape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_5_1
Governing bodyCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_6_0 Parks CanadaCape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_6_1
WebsiteCape Breton Highlands National Park_header_cell_0_7_0 Cape Breton Highlands National Park_cell_0_7_1

Cape Breton Highlands National Park (official name: Cape Breton Highlands National Park of Canada) (French: Parc national du Canada des Hautes-Terres-du-Cap-Breton) is a Canadian national park on northern Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_0

The park was the first national park in the Atlantic provinces of Canada and covers an area of 948 square kilometres (366 sq mi). Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_1

It is one of 42 in Canada's system of national parks. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_2

It includes mountains, valleys, waterfalls, rocky coastlines and the Cape Breton Highlands, a tundra-esque plateau. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_3

Forest types include Acadian and Boreal. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_4

Rivers in the park include the Chéticamp River and the North Aspy River. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_5

In 2014, Parks Canada started a four-year project with the Unama'ki Institute of Natural Resources and other partners to begin to restore boreal forest regions within this park. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_6

Recreation Cape Breton Highlands National Park_section_0

One-third of the Cabot Trail passes through the park featuring ocean and mountain views. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_7

The park is known for its "steep cliffs and deep river canyons that carve into a forested plateau bordering the Atlantic Ocean". Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_8

The park contains 26 marked hiking trails, including the Skyline Trail. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_9

At the western entrance of the park is the Acadian village of Chéticamp on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and a park information centre. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_10

On the eastern side of the park are campsites as well as beaches at Ingonish on the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_11

Also on the east side of the park located in Ingonish at the Keltic Lodge resort is Highlands Links, an 18-hole golf course designed by Stanley Thompson. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_12

Golf Magazine ranked it as one of the top 100 courses in the world and the best public course in Canada. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_13

George Knudson suggested leaving your clubs behind and just walking the course. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_14

The course has been certified by the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program, a program aimed at conserving wildlife habitat in spaces used for other purposes. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_15

There are five main salt water ocean beaches in the park and two freshwater lakes. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_16

The ocean beaches include Ingonish Beach, North Bay Beach, Broad Cove Beach, Black Brook Beach and La Block Beach. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_17

The two freshwater beaches include Freshwater Lake and Warren Lake. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_18

Freshwater Lake and Ingonish Beach are both supervised with a lifeguard during the summer months. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_19

There are very strong currents at Black Brook and Ingonish Beach which must be considered when bringing small children to these two beaches. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_20

Wildlife Cape Breton Highlands National Park_section_1

Birds visible from this park include three species of hawk, two species of owl, northern gannets, kestrel, Bicknell's thrush, and the bald eagle. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_21

The first nest records of boreal owl for Nova Scotia were found in the southwestern corner of this park in 2004. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_22

Mammals include white-tailed deer, marten, lynx, muskrat, snowshoe hare, beaver, mink, bobcat, river otter, stoat, red fox, raccoon, moose, black bear, skunk, and coyote. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_23

The Gaspé shrew, the local name for a smallish variety of the long-tailed shrew, Sorex dispar, can be found on rocky slopes in the park. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_24

Aquatic life visible from this park includes North Atlantic right whales, humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, sei whales pilot whales, Atlantic white-sided dolphins, harbor seals, harp seals, and grey seals. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_25

Reptiles include garter snake, red belly snake, ring-necked snake, smooth green snake, wood turtle and leatherback sea turtle. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_26

Parks Canada transferred eighteen western moose (nine bulls, nine cows) from Alberta's Elk Island National Park to this national park between 1947 and 1948. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_27

In late October 2009, country folk singer Taylor Mitchell died as a result of her injuries and blood loss due to coyotes attacking her while she was hiking by herself on the Skyline Trail. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_28

This incident became the only recorded fatal coyote assault on an adult as well as a Canadian. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_29

Geology Cape Breton Highlands National Park_section_2

Most of the park resides within what is called the Ganderia Terrane, sometimes referred to as the Bras d'Or or Aspy Terrane. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_30

This was originally part of Gondwana, referred to as peri-Gondwanan Terrane, and through seafloor spreading separated from Gondwana, and collided with Laurentia during the Salinic Orogeny. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_31

The evidence of this collision, the closing of the Iapetus Ocean and the formation of the Iapetus Suture, is seen in the northwest part of the park where the Ganderia Terrane is connected with the Blair River Inlier, itself a remnant of the Laurentia continental margin, referred to as peri-Laurentian Terrane. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_32

Other terrane collisions followed, including the Avalonia Terrane during the Acadian orogeny, and the Meguma Terrane during the Neoacadian Orogeny. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_33

Then, between 340 and 300 Ma, Gondwana collided with Laurentia, forming Pangea. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_34

Rifting started about 200 Ma eventually forming the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_35

Along the Cabot Trail between the park headquarters at Ingonish Beach and Ingonish, a 402 Ma old Early Devonian granodiorite is exposed, the Cameron Brook Pluton, while the Keltic Lodge, on Middle Head, sits on a 493 Ma old Early Ordovician granite and a 550 Ma old Neoproterozoic diorite. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_36

The beach in front of Freshwater Lake is a classic shingle beach, a barrier beach with boulders well rounded and polished from wave action. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_37

Glacial debris is evident along the trail at the north end of the lake. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_38

A similar bar cuts across Ingonish Harbor. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_39

A Middle to 375 Ma Late Devonian granite is seen along the Cabot Trail between Ingonish and where it leaves the park near South Harbor, while a 403 Ma Early Devonian orthogneiss is exposed at Neils Harbour northward. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_40

From Cape North, the Cabot Trail follows the Aspy Fault southwards, where the Early Carboniferous Windsor Group and Horton Group outcrops, until it reenters the park at Big Intervale. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_41

These groups of rocks consist of limestone, mudstone, anhydrite, gypsum, halite, siltstone, fluvial sandstone, shale, and conglomerate. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_42

The Windsor Group is also exposed at Ingonish and Ingonish Beach. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_43

The Cabot Trail then doglegs to the north, crossing the Wilkie Brook Fault Zone, and entering the southernmost extent of the Blair River Inlier. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_44

The inlier is bounded by the Wilkie Brook Fault Zone on the east and the Red River Fault Zone on the southwest near Lone Shieling. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_45

The fault zones are marked by a zone of sheared rocks characterized by mylonite. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_46

Between these zones are outcrops of Silurian Fox Back Ridge diorite and granodiorite, as well as the Red River Anorthosite Suite of Middle Proterozoic age. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_47

The Cabot Trail then follows the Grande Anse River westwards, with exposed Horton Group until it reaches the coast at Pleasant Bay. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_48

This is the location of the 364 Ma Late Devonian granite of the Pleasant Bay Pluton. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_49

Moving south along the trail, the 433 Ma Ordovician-Silurian Belle Cote Road orthogneiss is encountered, followed by another granite (Proterozoic-Devonian in age). Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_50

As the trail loops west to follow the coastline, rocks of the 439 Ma Ordovician-Silurian Jumping Brook Metamorphic Suite are exposed. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_51

This suite consists of metamorphosed siltstone, wacke, conglomerate, arkose, and minor rhyolite. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_52

In the midst of this suite may be found the 379 Ma Devonian granite of the Gillanders Mountain Pluton. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_53

The trail encounters a 439 Ma Cambrian granite before it exists the park at La Rigoueche. Cape Breton Highlands National Park_sentence_54


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape Breton Highlands National Park.