Cape Breton Regional Municipality

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For other uses, see Cape Breton (disambiguation). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_0

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_table_infobox_0

Cape Breton Regional Municipality

(CBRM)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_0_0

CountryCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_1_0 CanadaCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_2_0 Nova ScotiaCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_2_1
CountyCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_3_0 Cape BretonCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_3_1
First NationsCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_4_0 Eskasoni First Nation, Membertou First NationCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_4_1
EstablishedCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_5_0 August 1, 1995Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_5_1
Electoral Districts   

FederalCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_6_0

Cape Breton—Canso / Sydney—VictoriaCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_6_1
ProvincialCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_7_0 Cape Breton Centre / Cape Breton-Richmond / Glace Bay / Northside-Westmount / Sydney River-Mira-Louisbourg / Sydney-Whitney Pier / Victoria-The LakesCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_7_1
GovernmentCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_8_0
TypeCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_9_0 Cape Breton Regional CouncilCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_9_1
MayorCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_10_0 Amanda McDougallCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_10_1
MPsCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_11_0 Mike Kelloway, Jaime BattisteCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_11_1
MLAsCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_12_0 Kendra Coombes, Alana Paon, Geoff MacLellan, Murray Ryan, Brian Comer, Derek Mombourquette, Keith BainCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_12_1
Area (2016)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_13_0
LandCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_14_0 2,430.06 km (938.25 sq mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_14_1
UrbanCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_15_0 29.43 km (11.36 sq mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_15_1
ElevationCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_16_0 Sea Level to 235 m (0 to 771 ft)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_16_1
Population (2016)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_17_0
Regional MunicipalityCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_18_0 94,285Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_18_1
DensityCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_19_0 38.8/km (100/sq mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_19_1
UrbanCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_20_0 29,904Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_20_1
Urban densityCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_21_0 1,016.0/km (2,631/sq mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_21_1
Change 2011–16Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_22_0 3.2%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_22_1
Census rankingCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_23_0 58 of 5,162Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_23_1
Demonym(s)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_24_0 Cape BretonerCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_24_1
Time zoneCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_25_0 UTC−4 (AST)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_25_1
Summer (DST)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_26_0 UTC−3 (ADT)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_26_1
Postal codeCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_27_0 B1x, B2xCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_27_1
Area code(s)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_28_0 902Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_28_1
DwellingsCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_29_0 45,342Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_29_1
Median Income*Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_30_0 $41,257 CDNCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_30_1
CoastlineCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_31_0 Atlantic 800 km (500 mi)
Bras d'Or Lakes 400 km (250 mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_31_1
RoadwaysCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_32_0 1,600 km (1,000 mi)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_32_1
NTS MapCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_33_0 011K01Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_33_1
GNBC CodeCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_34_0 CBUCDCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_34_1
WebsiteCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_0_35_0 Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_0_35_1

Cape Breton Regional Municipality, often referred to as simply CBRM, is the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's second largest municipality and the economic heart of Cape Breton Island. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_1

As of 2016 the municipality has a population of 94,285. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_2

The municipality was created in 1995 through the amalgamation of eight municipalities located in Cape Breton County. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_3

The region is home to a significant concentration of government services, social enterprise and private sector companies, including the Canadian Coast Guard College, Cape Breton University, NSCC Marconi campus, and New Dawn Enterprises. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_4

The rural areas of the municipality continue to host resource industries such as agriculture, fishing, mining, and forestry. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_5

CBRM is host to many cultural landmarks and institutions such as the historic Savoy Theatre, the Celtic Colours International Festival, the Cape Breton Centre for Craft, the Highland Arts Theatre, and Holy Angels Arts & Cultural centre, currently undergoing a $12 million renovation. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_6

The area hosts one of Nova Scotia's premier tourism destinations, the Fortress of Louisbourg national park site, operated by Parks Canada as a living history museum. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_7

The site stands as the largest reconstruction project in North America. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_8

The Port of Sydney was projected to welcome a record 135,000 cruise ship visitors in 2017, a 67% increase on 2016. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_9

The Trans-Canada Highway terminates in North Sydney where Marine Atlantic ferries connect to both Channel-Port aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador, where the highway starts again, and Argentia. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_10

History Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_0

Main article: Cape Breton Island Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_11

Early history Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_1

Main articles: Paleo-Indians and Last glacial period Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_12

The glaciers began their retreat from the Maritimes approximately 13,500 years ago, with final deglaciation, post-glacial rebound, and sea level fluctuation ending and leaving the New England-Maritimes region virtually ice free 11,000 years ago. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_13

The earliest evidence of Paleo-Indian settlement in the region follows rapidly after deglaciation. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_14

Evidence of settlement found in the Debert Palaeo-Indian Site dates to 10,600 before present, though settlement seems likely to have occurred earlier, following large game animals such as the caribou as they expanded into the land revealed by the retreating glaciers. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_15

The record of continuous habitation through the paleo and archaic period over ten thousand years culminated in the development of the culture, traditions, and language of the First Nations people now known as the Mi'kmaq. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_16

Mi'kmaq Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_2

Main article: Mi'kmaq Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_17

The Palaeoindians inhabiting the area prior to European arrival lived a semi-nomadic lifestyle, following the cycle of the seasons in search of food and resources, which required the frequent moving from place to place. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_18

The area known as Cape Breton Island has been a part of the territory of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'kma'ki. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_19

Mi'kma'ki included what is now the Maritimes, parts of Maine, Newfoundland and the Gaspé Peninsula. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_20

French settlement Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_3

Main articles: Acadia and Fortress of Louisbourg Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_21

The French were the first Europeans to claim the region, which was named Acadia. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_22

Control passed back and forth between the English and French throughout the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_23

Under the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, France retained control of "Île Royale". Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_24

In 1719, France began construction on a fortified town located along the sheltered southwestern shore of Havre Louisbourg, naming the settlement Louisbourg. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_25

The fortress was captured by British colonial forces, then returned by the British to France. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_26

It was captured again during the Seven Years' War which saw the inhabitants expelled and the fortress completely destroyed by British Army engineers in 1760. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_27

Post-Acadian settlement Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_4

By proclamation of October 17, 1763, after termination of the Seven Years' War, Île Royale was renamed Cape Breton Island and was formally annexed to Nova Scotia. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_28

For a time thereafter Cape Breton Island was part of Halifax County. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_29

On December 10, 1765, Cape Breton Island was set apart as a separate county. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_30

In 1784, the island was made a separate colony with its capital at Sydney however by 1820 the colony was remerged into Nova Scotia. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_31

Industrial activity Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_5

Main article: Industrial Cape Breton Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_32

Coal mining began during the 18th century to supply Fortress Louisbourg. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_33

Industrial mining began in 1826 under the General Mining Association monopoly, followed in later years by independent American-owned mines south of Sydney Harbour. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_34

Large-scale mining commenced in 1893 under the auspices of the Dominion Coal Company (DOMCO) which merged these independent mines. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_35

Coal production under Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation (DOSCO) peaked in the early 1940s and in 1957 the company became a subsidiary of Hawker Siddeley Group. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_36

The company announced in 1965 that it would be exiting the coal mining business within months. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_37

In response to a public outcry, the minority government of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson announced J.R. Donald would head a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Cape Breton coal industry, with hearings held in 1965 and 1966. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_38

The Donald Commission recommended that a federal Crown corporation be established to acquire and manage DOSCO's coal operations, with the aim being to slowly wean the area economy from its dependence on the coal industry. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_39

On July 7, 1967, the Cape Breton Development Corporation (DEVCO), was established to operate the mines in the interim, while phasing them out throughout the 1970s and, at the same time, develop new economic opportunities for the surrounding communities. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_40

At the same time, the provincial government expropriated DOSCO's steel mill in Sydney, creating the Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO), while DEVCO would continue to operate the adjacent coke ovens. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_41

By 1992 the Lingan Colliery was closed followed by the Phalen Colliery in 1999 and the Prince Colliery in 2001. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_42

At the same time, the provincial government decided to dismantle and sell SYSCO. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_43

DEVCO ceased to exist on December 31, 2009, with its remaining assets and staff turned over to Enterprise Cape Breton Corporation (ECBC), a federal government economic development initiative, in an attempt to diversify the CBRM economy. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_44

On June 19, 2014, the operations of ECBC were transferred to both the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency and the Public Works and Government Services Canada. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_45

Amalgamation Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_6

In 1992, the Task Force on Local Government Report (often called the Hayward report) stated that 67 municipalities in Nova Scotia were too many to efficiently and cost effectively provide services in a province having a population of slightly more than 900,000. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_46

The report was commissioned for the Progressive Conservative government of Donald Cameron, but was taken up and implemented by the incoming Liberal government of John Savage. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_47

The provincial government subsequently forced the amalgamation of both Halifax and Cape Breton counties and supported the voluntary amalgamation of Queens county. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_48

The Cape Breton Regional Municipality Act was implemented and the CBRM was created on August 1, 1995, whereas the amalgamation in Halifax County didn't take place until April 1, 1996, and Queens County several years later. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_49

The municipalities from which the CBRM was created included the Municipality of the County of Cape Breton, the City of Sydney, the Towns of Glace Bay, Sydney Mines, New Waterford, North Sydney, Dominion and Louisbourg. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_50

Government Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_7

The Cape Breton Regional Municipality is governed by Cape Breton Regional Council, which is composed of a mayor elected at-large and 12 councillors each elected to represent a separate district. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_51

Regional Council is responsible for all facets of the municipal government, including police, fire, library, transit, and water. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_52

The municipality oversaw an operating budget of $146 million and a combined capital and water capital budget of $32.375 million in the 2016/17 fiscal year. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_53

The current mayor is Amanda McDougall. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_54

Council and its committees meet at least once a month. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_55

Municipal governments in Nova Scotia are elected every four years and the most recent round of elections took place on October 15, 2016. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_56

The provincial legislation that creates and empowers the municipality is the Nova Scotia Municipal Government Act. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_57

Under former Mayor John Morgan, the council authorized several studies regarding fairness and equity, fighting for a larger share of the federal equalization funding from the province, including an ultimately unsuccessful legal challenge in 2004. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_58

Nova Scotians for Equalization Fairness is a citizens group that continues to argue for a greater share of equalization payments paid to CBRM, arguing that CBRM receives $15 million in equalization and should receive $239 million, based on per capita distribution of federal equalization to the province. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_59

In addition to municipal government there are two First Nations in CBRM operating under band government, the Eskasoni First Nation and the Membertou First Nation. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_60

CBRM is represented by seven ridings in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_61

The municipality shares representation by two ridings in Canada's House of Commons, as well as by Senator Michael L. MacDonald, who identifies as representing the Senate Division of Cape Breton. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_62

Economy Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_8

After a long struggle to recover from the disappearance of coal and steel industries and while continuing to suffer from high annual population loss the economy of Cape Breton is projected to achieve sustainable growth from 2017–2021. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_63

Cape Breton Island, of which CBRM is home to over three quarters of the population, has continued economic strength in its fishing and forestry primary sectors and in services (trade, transportation and warehousing, business and other support services), education, health care, and accommodation & food. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_64

While the region boasts a diverse industrial economy when compared to other regions in Nova Scotia, the region continues to struggle with an unemployment rate of 13.7% in December 2017, significantly higher than the Nova Scotia and national averages. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_65

CBRM is home to a significant tourism industry. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_66

Nearby attractions such as the Cape Breton Highlands, Bras d'Or Lake and Fortress of Louisbourg have made Cape Breton Island a tourism destination for many years. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_67

Visitors can experience the art and history that Sydney and area has to offer, or experience Sydney's surging culinary scene. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_68

A growing cruise ship business has been making use of the port of Sydney to give cruise passengers access to the area. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_69

The Port of Sydney hosts more than 70 cruise ships per season, most notably the Queen Mary 2, Queen Elizabeth 2, and MS Maasdam. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_70

A recent study found that a strong tourism cluster is emerging and will be reinforced with the recent announcement of a second cruise ship dock in Sydney. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_71

Currently, the former Sydney Steel Corporation's site in Sydney has been transformed into the Harbourside Commercial Park focused on office and light industrial use, connected in 2010 by the Sydney Port Access Road to Highway 125. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_72

As the province's second largest municipality, recent federal policy of increased infrastructure spending will provide added economic stimulus. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_73

Geography Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_9

The boundary of CBRM includes all of Cape Breton County except for the Eskasoni and Membertou First Nations. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_74

Land area of the municipality is 2,433.35 square kilometres with a population density (2011) of just 40.0 persons per square kilometre. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_75

This compares to the provincial land area of 52,940 square kilometres and population density of 17.4 persons per square kilometre. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_76

Climate Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_10

The climate of the CBRM is cool and wet although it is warmer than most other places in Canada. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_77

The average annual temperature is close to 6 degrees Celsius (43°F). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_78

The average summer maximum temperature is 25 degrees Celsius (77 °F). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_79

Temperatures rarely rise above 30 °C (86 °F). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_80

The average winter low is −10 degrees Celsius (14 °F) and temperatures rarely drop below −20 degrees Celsius (−4 °F) although strong winter winds can make it seem much colder. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_81

Demographics Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_11

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Cape Breton Regional Municipality recorded a population of 94,285 living in 41,679 of its 45,742 total private dwellings, a change of -3.2% from its 2011 population of 97,398. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_82

With a land area of 2,430.06 km (938.25 sq mi), it had a population density of 38.8/km (100.5/sq mi) in 2016. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_83

The following is a list of responses finding greater than 1,000 residents: Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_84

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_table_general_1

Ethnic origin (2006)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_table_caption_1
EthnicityCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_1_0_0 PopulationCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_1_0_1 PercentCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_1_0_2
CanadianCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_1_0 49,960Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_1_1 46.3%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_1_2
ScottishCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_2_0 43,055Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_2_1 39.9%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_2_2
EnglishCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_3_0 24,305Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_3_1 22.5%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_3_2
IrishCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_4_0 23,300Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_4_1 21.6%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_4_2
FrenchCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_5_0 17,665Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_5_1 16.4%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_5_2
North American IndianCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_6_0 4,435Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_6_1 4.1%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_6_2
ItalianCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_7_0 3,075Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_7_1 2.9%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_7_2
GermanCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_8_0 2,660Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_8_1 2.5%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_8_2
PolishCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_9_0 2,390Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_9_1 2.2%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_9_2
Dutch (Netherlands)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_10_0 1,520Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_10_1 1.4%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_10_2
UkrainianCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_11_0 1,140Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_11_1 1.1%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_11_2
WelshCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_12_0 1,105Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_12_1 1.0%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_12_2
LebaneseCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_13_0 1,075Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_13_1 1.0%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_1_13_2

Most of Cape Breton residents identify as Christian (90.5%). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_85

About 8.5% affiliates with no religion and the remaining 1.0% affiliate with another religion. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_86

Mother tongue language (2011) Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_87

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_table_general_2

LanguageCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_2_0_0 PopulationCape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_2_0_1 Pct (%)Cape Breton Regional Municipality_header_cell_2_0_2
English onlyCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_1_0 93,210Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_1_1 97.21%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_1_2
French onlyCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_2_0 920Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_2_1 0.96%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_2_2
Non-official languagesCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_3_0 1,475Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_3_1 1.54%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_3_2
Multiple responsesCape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_4_0 270Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_4_1 0.28%Cape Breton Regional Municipality_cell_2_4_2

Transportation Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_12

The Port of Sydney Development Corporation was established in 2015. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_88

Owned by the municipality, the port corporation manages and operates the port, including the emerging cruise ship business, the Joan Harriss Cruise Pavilion and Marina. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_89

International investors have announced construction of the Novaporte, the deep-water marine container facility able to accommodate ultra-class container ships at the port. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_90

Novaporte is proposed to operate as an officially designated Canadian Foreign Trade Zone. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_91

The Port of Sydney was projected to welcome a record 135,000 cruise ship visitors in 2017, a 67% increase on 2016. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_92

J.A. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_93 Douglas McCurdy Sydney Airport serves CBRM and Cape Breton Island, providing domestic flight connections via Air Canada and WestJet as well as charter flight service. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_94

The airport is classified as an airport of entry, staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_95

The region is served by Maritime Bus, a coach bus service connecting North Sydney and Sydney to the mainland via Whycocomagh and Wagmatcook. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_96

The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway provided rail service connecting Cape Breton to the mainland and CN Rail in Truro. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_97

Service ended December 30, 2014 though negotiations between the province and the owner to revive the railway are ongoing. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_98

Sydney Coal Railway is a short line railway connecting the coaling piers on Sydney Harbour in Sydney to the Lingan Generating Station near New Waterford. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_99

The municipality is the western terminus of the Marine Atlantic ferry services to Newfoundland. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_100

It is also the eastern terminus of two east-west highways in the province: Highway 105, the Trans-Canada Highway, runs along the north shore of Bras d'Or Lake and accesses the northern part of CBRM, whereas Trunk 4 extends along the southern part of Bras d'Or Lake and accesses the western and eastern part of the municipality. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_101

Within the municipality communities are served by Highway 125, a regional 4-lane arterial limited access highway that circles Sydney Harbour. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_102

Public transit service is delivered by Transit Cape Breton, which offers thirteen bus routes within the municipality, serving the region's larger communities: Sydney, Sydney River, Glace Bay, New Waterford, Dominion, Reserve Mines, North Sydney and Sydney Mines. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_103

Handi-Trans paratransit is available for passengers whose disabilities restrict them from using Transit Cape Breton's regular bus service. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_104

Fares range from $1.25 to $5, depending on how many zones are travelled. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_105

Education Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_13

The regional municipality is home to several institutions of higher learning: Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_106

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_unordered_list_0

English language public schools in CBRM are operated by the Cape Breton – Victoria Regional Centre for Education on behalf of the provincial government's Department of Education. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_107

This regional education office provides instruction for grades primary to 12 in CBRM as well as in neighbouring Victoria County. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_108

French language public school education is administered throughout the province by the Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_109

Culture Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_14

While Cape Breton Island is arguably best known for its Scottish Gaelic or Celtic culture and heritage, the industrial strength of Sydney and industrial Cape Breton attracted a diverse community from around the world. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_110

CBRM's cultural scene continues to be influenced by a mixture of these other cultures including African Canadian, Jewish, Irish, and a variety of Eastern European countries. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_111

The region is home to several festivals of art and music such as the Celtic Colours International Festival, Lumiere Art at Night, and the Cape Breton International Drum Festival. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_112

The area is also well known for its music scene. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_113

Perhaps the most famous musician from CBRM was Canadian country singer Rita MacNeil from the CBRM community of Big Pond, and known for her songs including her biggest hits "Flying On Your Own" and "Working Man." Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_114

CBRM is home to several performance centres, including the Centre 200 sports arena in Sydney, home to the Cape Breton Screaming Eagles (a Quebec Major Junior Hockey League team), the Highland Arts Theatre performing arts centre, also in Sydney, and the historic Savoy Theatre, in Glace Bay. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_115

The Holy Angels Arts & Cultural centre is currently undergoing a $12 million renovation. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_116

Glace Bay is also home to the Cape Breton Miners' Museum, the Marconi National Historic Site and the Glace Bay Heritage Museum. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_117

Louisbourg is home to Fortress of Louisbourg, the largest historical reconstruction in North America. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_118

CBRM is home to several media outlets. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_119

CBC Radio broadcasts local morning and afternoon broadcasts across Cape Breton Island. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_120

There are also five commercial radio stations. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_121

Cape Breton's daily newspaper the Cape Breton Post is a broadsheet focusing on Cape Breton Island. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_122

Its editorial style is populist conservative, and it is owned by The Chronicle Herald. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_123

Protective services Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_15

Police Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_16

The Cape Breton Regional Police Service provides policing for all areas of CBRM with the exception of the First Nation community of Eskasoni which is policed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_124

The CBRPS operates out of three geographic divisions, Central (Sydney), East (Glace Bay) and North (North Sydney). Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_125

The CBRPS works towards providing efficient law enforcement and working within the community and has recently cracked down on drug related crime in CBRM. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_126

The Chief of Police is Peter J. McIsaac. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_127

Policing in Cape Breton County prior to amalgamation was delivered by individual police forces in the urban areas and RCMP in the rural county. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_128

In the late 1990s, after a divisive debate, the municipality expanded CBRPS coverage to also cover the rural area of CBRM. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_129

Fire & Emergency Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_17

Fire & emergency services for the CBRM are provided by the Cape Breton Regional Fire Service which consists of 36 fire stations dispersed throughout the municipality; two urban stations are staffed by career firefighters whereas the remaining 34 rural stations are staffed by volunteers. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_130

CBRFE has divisions for administration, fire departments, training, fire prevention, volunteer coordination, hazardous materials, building services and bylaws. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_131

In addition, paramedic ambulance service in Nova Scotia is provided by the provincial government's Emergency Health Services. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_132

Emergency Measures Organization Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_18

The provincial Emergency Measures Act requires each municipality to develop an emergency measures organization. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_133

The municipality has an Emergency Measures Coordinator supported by an EMO Advisory Committee and an Emergency Preparedness Planning Committee. Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_134

Neighbourhoods and communities Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_19

Unincorporated cities and towns Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_20

Communities Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_21

Sister cities Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_22

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_unordered_list_1

  • Dalian, Liaoning, China (2015). The sister city arrangement, the first ever for a Cape Breton community, follows an announcement that China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) has agreed, contingent on a feasibility study, to design and build a deep water container terminal in Sydney.Cape Breton Regional Municipality_item_1_3
  • Wałbrzych, Poland: On June 26, 2018, the Council of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality passed a resolution to recognize Wałbrzych as a partner city. This followed a resolution in Wałbrzych on June 21, 2018. The CBRM resolution cited commonalities in post-industrial heritage, and potential future collaboration among historic sites, schools, universities and businesses. Also noted was the Cape Breton Regional Municipality's longstanding Polish community. An agreement was formally signed by both mayors on January 11, 2019, during a video-conference session in the presence of students and representatives of organizations, schools, and universities.Cape Breton Regional Municipality_item_1_4

Access routes Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_23

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits: Cape Breton Regional Municipality_sentence_135

Notable people Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_24

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_unordered_list_2

  • Tracy Dares, pianistCape Breton Regional Municipality_item_2_5

See also Cape Breton Regional Municipality_section_25

Cape Breton Regional Municipality_unordered_list_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Breton Regional Municipality.