Captain Haddock

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For other uses, see Captain Haddock (disambiguation). Captain Haddock_sentence_0

Captain Haddock_table_infobox_0

Captain HaddockCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_0_0
Publication informationCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_1_0
PublisherCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_2_0 Casterman (Belgium)Captain Haddock_cell_0_2_1
First appearanceCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_3_0 The Crab with the Golden Claws (1941)

The Adventures of TintinCaptain Haddock_cell_0_3_1

Created byCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_4_0 HergéCaptain Haddock_cell_0_4_1
In-story informationCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_5_0
Full nameCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_6_0 Archibald HaddockCaptain Haddock_cell_0_6_1
PartnershipsCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_7_0 List of main charactersCaptain Haddock_cell_0_7_1
Supporting character ofCaptain Haddock_header_cell_0_8_0 TintinCaptain Haddock_cell_0_8_1

Captain Archibald Haddock (French: Capitaine Archibald Haddock) is a fictional character in The Adventures of Tintin, the comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé. Captain Haddock_sentence_1

He is one of Tintin's best friends, a seafaring pipe-smoking Merchant Marine Captain. Captain Haddock_sentence_2

Haddock is initially depicted as a weak and alcoholic character under the control of his treacherous first mate Allan, who keeps him drunk and runs his freighter. Captain Haddock_sentence_3

He regains his command and his dignity, even rising to president of the Society of Sober Sailors (The Shooting Star), but never gives up his love for rum and whisky, especially Loch Lomond, until the final Tintin adventure, Tintin and the Picaros, when Professor Calculus 'cures' him of his taste for alcohol. Captain Haddock_sentence_4

In the adventure Secret of the Unicorn (and continuing in Red Rackham's Treasure) he and Tintin travel to find a pirate's treasure captured by his ancestor, Sir Francis Haddock (François de Hadoque in French). Captain Haddock_sentence_5

With newfound wealth and regaining his ancestral home Marlinspike Hall, Captain Haddock becomes a socialite; riding a horse, wearing a monocle, and sitting in a theatre box seat (The Seven Crystal Balls). Captain Haddock_sentence_6

He then evolves to become genuinely heroic, volunteering to sacrifice his life to save Tintin's own in the pivotal Tintin in Tibet. Captain Haddock_sentence_7

In later volumes he is clearly retired. Captain Haddock_sentence_8

Throughout it all, the Captain's coarse humanity and sarcasm act as a counterpoint to Tintin's often implausible heroism. Captain Haddock_sentence_9

He is always quick with a dry comment whenever the boy reporter gets too idealistic. Captain Haddock_sentence_10

Character history Captain Haddock_section_0

Until Haddock's introduction, Tintin's constantly positive, optimistic perspective was offset by his faithful companion Snowy. Captain Haddock_sentence_11

Before Haddock, Snowy was the source of all dry and cynical side-commentary for the series. Captain Haddock_sentence_12

Hergé, however, realised Haddock's potential as a foil to Tintin. Captain Haddock_sentence_13

After he brought Haddock into the series, the Captain took over the role of the cynic, relieving Snowy and establishing Captain Haddock as a permanent addition to the cast. Captain Haddock_sentence_14

Hergé introduced Captain Haddock in The Crab with the Golden Claws as the whisky-sodden captain of the Karaboudjan, a merchant vessel used—without Haddock's knowledge—by his first mate Allan for smuggling drugs inside crab tins. Captain Haddock_sentence_15

Because of his alcoholism and temperamental nature, his character was weak and unstable, at times posing as great a hazard to Tintin as the villains of the piece. Captain Haddock_sentence_16

He was also short-tempered, given to emotional expletive-ridden outbursts, and capable of infuriating behaviour; at one point he even attacks Tintin when, while traversing the Moroccan desert, he has the sun-induced delusion that Tintin is a bottle of champagne. Captain Haddock_sentence_17

However, Haddock is a sincere figure in need of reform, and by the end of his first adventure Tintin has gained a loyal companion, albeit one still given to uttering the occasional "expletive". Captain Haddock_sentence_18

Hergé also allowed himself more artistic expression through Haddock's features than with Tintin's. Captain Haddock_sentence_19

Michael Farr, author of Tintin: The Complete Companion, notes: "Whereas Hergé kept Tintin's facial expressions to a bare minimum, Haddock's could be contorted with emotion." Captain Haddock_sentence_20

Farr goes on to write that "In Haddock, Hergé had come up with his most inspired character since creating Tintin." Captain Haddock_sentence_21

Sales of the volume in which Haddock was introduced indicated the character was well received. Captain Haddock_sentence_22

After a fairly serious role in The Shooting Star, where he has risen to become the President of the Society of Sober Sailors (replete with a cabin full of whisky), Haddock takes a more central role in the next adventure, split over two books, The Secret of the Unicorn and Red Rackham's Treasure—indeed, his family history drives the plot. Captain Haddock_sentence_23

Upon locating the treasure, the newly wealthy Haddock retires. Captain Haddock_sentence_24

Hergé built the next adventure around Haddock, furnishing the character with an ancestral home, Marlinspike Hall (or "Moulinsart" in the original French). Captain Haddock_sentence_25

Harry Thompson, author of Tintin: Hergé and his creation, writes that the introduction of this large and luxurious country house was "to provide a suitable ancestral home for Tintin and himself to move into." Captain Haddock_sentence_26

To achieve this in terms of the plot, Hergé also details Haddock's ancestry, something Thompson regards as distinctive: "Haddock is the only regular character whose relatives turn up in the Tintin stories at all (if one discounts Jolyon Wagg and his dreadful family)." Captain Haddock_sentence_27

As Haddock's role grew, Hergé expanded his character, basing him upon aspects of friends, with his characteristic temper somewhat inspired by Tintin colourist E.P. Captain Haddock_sentence_28 Jacobs and his bluffness drawn from Tintin artist Bob de Moor. Captain Haddock_sentence_29

Harry Thompson has commented on how Hergé utilised the character to inject humour into the plot, notably "where Haddock plays the fool to smooth over a lengthy explanation." Captain Haddock_sentence_30

Captain Haddock is especially notable in The Red Sea Sharks, where his skillful captaining of the ship he and Tintin seize from Rastapopoulos allows them to survive until they are rescued, and is especially noble in the pivotal Tintin in Tibet, volunteering to sacrifice his life to save Tintin's own. Captain Haddock_sentence_31

By the time of their last completed and published adventure, Tintin and the Picaros, Haddock had become such an important figure that he dominates much of the story. Captain Haddock_sentence_32

Captain Haddock's taste for alcoholic beverages is a constant feature of the character. Captain Haddock_sentence_33

He is especially fond of whisky from the Loch Lomond distillery (which was fictional at the time when the character was developed, the real Loch Lomond distillery was only founded later), and at the end of the album Explorers on the Moon, he falls into a coma upon re-entry to Earth, but he immediately wakes up upon hearing the word "whisky". Captain Haddock_sentence_34

In the last completed Tintin album Tintin and the Picaros, Haddock is involuntarily cured from his alcoholism by an invention of Professor Calculus's, a pill that causes the taste of alcohol to turn horribly repulsive upon ingestion. Captain Haddock_sentence_35

Captain (Archibald) Haddock's ancestor, Sir Francis Haddock, is hinted at being the illegitimate son of the French Sun King (Louis XIV), a possible reference to Hergé's own family history—Hergé liked to believe that his father was the illegitimate son of the Belgian king Leopold II. Captain Haddock_sentence_36

Name Captain Haddock_section_1

As Hergé was considering names for his new character, he asked his wife, Germaine, what she had cooked for dinner. Captain Haddock_sentence_37

She told him, "a sad English fish—haddock.” Hergé thought this was a perfect name for Tintin’s new mariner friend, and so Captain Haddock was born. Captain Haddock_sentence_38

There was a real 20th-century ship's master bearing this unlikely but appropriate surname: Captain Herbert Haddock had been the skipper of the famous White Star Line's passenger vessel Olympic. Captain Haddock_sentence_39

He had also been temporarily at the helm of Olympic's even more famous sister ship Titanic before Titanic was officially handed over to White Star for her doomed 1912 maiden voyage. Captain Haddock_sentence_40

Another famous namesake, and a possible inspiration for the Captain's ancestor Sir Francis, was the English admiral Richard Haddock, a veteran of the Anglo-Dutch Wars. Captain Haddock_sentence_41

The grandfather of Richard Haddock, also a sea captain, commanded the ship of the line HMS Unicorn during the reign of Charles I. Captain Haddock_sentence_42

Bianca Castafiore has a difficult time remembering Haddock's name. Captain Haddock_sentence_43

In The Castafiore Emerald. Captain Haddock_sentence_44

she confuses his name with malapropisms such as "Paddock", "Harrock", "Padlock", "Hopscotch", "Drydock", "Stopcock", "Maggot", "Bartók", "Hammock", and "Hemlock". Captain Haddock_sentence_45

The fictional Haddock remained without a first name until the last completed story, Tintin and the Picaros (1976), when the name Archibald was suggested. Captain Haddock_sentence_46

The name appears in Hergé's notes in 1938. Captain Haddock_sentence_47

According to Philippe Goddin, author of Hergé – Chronologie d'une oeuvre, it is inspired by the German French-language film Captain Craddock. Captain Haddock_sentence_48

In The Crab with the Golden Claws, Haddock sings one of the film songs, Les gars de la Marine. Captain Haddock_sentence_49

Expletives Captain Haddock_section_2

At the time of Captain Haddock's introduction to the series in 1940, the character's manners presented a problem to Hergé. Captain Haddock_sentence_50

As a sailor, Haddock would need to have a very colourful vocabulary, but Hergé could not use any swear words as he knew his audience included children. Captain Haddock_sentence_51

The solution reportedly came when Hergé recalled how around 1933, shortly after the Four-Power Pact had come into being, he had overheard a market trader use the word "four-power pact" as an insult. Captain Haddock_sentence_52

Struck by this use of an "irrelevant insult", Hergé hit upon the solution of the Captain using strange or esoteric words that were not actually offensive, but which he would project with great anger, as if they were very strong curse words. Captain Haddock_sentence_53

These words ranged across a variety of subject areas, often relating to specific terms within scientific fields of study. Captain Haddock_sentence_54

This behaviour would in later years become one of Haddock's defining characteristics. Captain Haddock_sentence_55

The idea took form quickly; the first appearance of the Haddockian argot occurred in The Crab with the Golden Claws when the Captain storms towards a party of Berber raiders yelling expressions like "jellyfish", "troglodyte" and "ectoplasm". Captain Haddock_sentence_56

This use of colourful insults proved successful and was a mainstay in subsequent books. Captain Haddock_sentence_57

Hergé started collecting these types of words for use in Haddock's outbursts, and on occasion even searched dictionaries to come up with inspiration. Captain Haddock_sentence_58

As a result, Captain Haddock's colourful insults began to include "bashi-bazouk", "visigoths", "kleptomaniac", "sea gherkin", "anacoluthon", "pockmark", "nincompoop", "abominable snowman", "nitwits", "scoundrels", "steam rollers", "parasites", "vegetarians", "floundering oath", "carpet seller", "blundering Bazookas", "Popinjay", "bragger", "pinheads", "miserable slugs", "ectomorph", "maniacs", "pickled herring"; "freshwater swabs", "miserable molecule of mildew","Logarithm", "bandits", "orang-outangs", "cercopithecuses", "Polynesians", "iconoclasts", "ruffians", "fancy-dress ", "", "sycophant", "dizzard", "", "pyrographer", "slave-trader" and "Fuzzy Wuzzy", but again, nothing actually considered a swear word. Captain Haddock_sentence_59

On one occasion, this scheme appeared to backfire. Captain Haddock_sentence_60

In one particularly angry state, Hergé had the captain yell the word "pneumothorax" (a medical emergency caused by the collapse of the lung within the chest). Captain Haddock_sentence_61

One week after the scene appeared in Tintin magazine, Hergé received a letter allegedly from a father whose boy was a great fan of Tintin and also a heavy tuberculosis sufferer who had experienced a collapsed lung. Captain Haddock_sentence_62

According to the letter, the boy was devastated that his favourite comic made fun of his own condition. Captain Haddock_sentence_63

Hergé wrote an apology and removed the word from the comic. Captain Haddock_sentence_64

Afterwards, the letter was discovered to be fake, written and planted by Hergé's friend and collaborator Jacques Van Melkebeke. Captain Haddock_sentence_65

In addition to his many insults, the most famous of Haddock's expressions relate to any of a number of permutations of two phrases: "Billions of bilious blue blistering barnacles!" Captain Haddock_sentence_66

("Mille millions de mille milliards de mille sabords! Captain Haddock_sentence_67

"; lit. Captain Haddock_sentence_68

"A thousand millions of a thousand billions of a thousand portholes!") Captain Haddock_sentence_69

and "Ten thousand thundering typhoons!" Captain Haddock_sentence_70

("Tonnerre de Brest! Captain Haddock_sentence_71

"; lit. Captain Haddock_sentence_72

"Thunder of Brest"). Captain Haddock_sentence_73

Haddock uses these two expressions to such an extent that Abdullah actually addresses him as "Blistering Barnacles" ("Mille sabords" – "A thousand portholes" – in the original version). Captain Haddock_sentence_74

Émile Brami, biographer of Louis-Ferdinand Céline, claimed in a 2004 interview with the French book magazine Lire that Hergé took his inspiration from Céline's anti-Semitic pamphlet Bagatelles pour un massacre (1937) to create some of Haddock's expressions, as some of them ("aztec," "coconut," "iconoclast," "platypus") appeared explicitly in Céline's book. Captain Haddock_sentence_75

Adaptations Captain Haddock_section_3

Captain Haddock was portrayed by Georges Wilson in Tintin and the Golden Fleece, by Jean Bouise in Tintin and the Blue Oranges, and by David Fox in The Adventures of Tintin (TV series). Captain Haddock_sentence_76

On BBC Radio 4, he was portrayed by Leo McKern in Series One and by Lionel Jeffries in Series Two. Captain Haddock_sentence_77

In both the 1960s and 1990s television series, Haddock spoke with an Irish accent. Captain Haddock_sentence_78

In the latter he was voiced by David Fox with a light Northern Irish/Ulster accent. Captain Haddock_sentence_79

In the animated movie Tintin and the Lake of Sharks, he was voiced by Claude Bertrand. Captain Haddock_sentence_80

In the 2011 film The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn, Andy Serkis supplies the voice and motion capture performance of Captain Haddock (adopting a Scottish accent) as well as his ancestor, Sir Francis Haddock. Captain Haddock_sentence_81

Just as in the comic, he is initially portrayed as a drunk, who is always in search of alcohol. Captain Haddock_sentence_82

Tintin endeavours to cure the captain of his alcoholism, but eventually discovers that it is an essential component of his character. Captain Haddock_sentence_83

Commemorative statues and murals Captain Haddock_section_4

Captain Haddock_unordered_list_0

  • A mural on a building at Rue de l'Etuve recreates a scene of Tintin, Captain Haddock and Snowy coming down a building fire escape from The Calculus Affair.Captain Haddock_item_0_0
  • The Gare du Midi station in Brussels contains a huge reproduction of a panel from Tintin in America.Captain Haddock_item_0_1
  • The Stockel subway station in Brussels has huge panels with scenes from Tintin comic books painted as murals.Captain Haddock_item_0_2
  • One of the high speed trains of Thalys (Tintin train) running between Brussels and Paris is covered with images from Tintin comic books including those of Captain Haddock.Captain Haddock_item_0_3
  • An advertisement of Thalys shows Captain Haddock on a train platform with his trademark seabag, appearing to have stepped out of a Thalys train.Captain Haddock_item_0_4
  • A life size resin statue of Captain Haddock was created and displayed at the 2012 San Diego International Comics Convention (WETA booth)Captain Haddock_item_0_5

See also Captain Haddock_section_5

Captain Haddock_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Haddock.