Carlos Santana

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This article is about the guitarist. Carlos Santana_sentence_0

For other people named Carlos Santana, see Carlos Santana (disambiguation). Carlos Santana_sentence_1

Carlos Santana_table_infobox_0

Carlos SantanaCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_2_0 Carlos Humberto Santana BarragánCarlos Santana_cell_0_2_1
BornCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_3_0 (1947-07-20) July 20, 1947 (age 73)

Autlán, Jalisco, MexicoCarlos Santana_cell_0_3_1

OriginCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_4_0 San Francisco, California, U.S.Carlos Santana_cell_0_4_1
GenresCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_5_0 Carlos Santana_cell_0_5_1
Occupation(s)Carlos Santana_header_cell_0_6_0 Carlos Santana_cell_0_6_1
InstrumentsCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_7_0 Carlos Santana_cell_0_7_1
Years activeCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_8_0 1965–presentCarlos Santana_cell_0_8_1
LabelsCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_9_0 Carlos Santana_cell_0_9_1
Associated actsCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_10_0 Jimi HendrixCarlos Santana_cell_0_10_1
WebsiteCarlos Santana_header_cell_0_11_0 Carlos Santana_cell_0_11_1

Carlos Humberto Santana Barragán audio (help·) (born July 20, 1947) is a Mexican and American guitarist who rose to fame in the late 1960s and early 1970s with his band Santana, which pioneered a fusion of rock 'n' roll and Latin American jazz. Carlos Santana_sentence_2

Its sound featured his melodic, blues-based lines set against Latin and African rhythms played on percussion instruments not generally heard in rock, such as timbales and congas. Carlos Santana_sentence_3

He experienced a resurgence of popularity and critical acclaim in the late 1990s. Carlos Santana_sentence_4

In 2015, Rolling Stone magazine listed him at No. Carlos Santana_sentence_5

20 on their list of the 100 greatest guitarists. Carlos Santana_sentence_6

He has received 10 Grammy Awards and three Latin Grammy Awards, and was inducted along with his namesake band into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. Carlos Santana_sentence_7

Biography Carlos Santana_section_0

Early life Carlos Santana_section_1

Santana was born in Mexico on July 20, 1947. Carlos Santana_sentence_8

He learned to play the violin at age five and the guitar at age eight, under the tutelage of his father, who was a mariachi musician. Carlos Santana_sentence_9

His younger brother, Jorge, also became a professional guitarist. Carlos Santana_sentence_10

Santana was heavily influenced by Ritchie Valens at a time when there were very few Mexicans in American rock music. Carlos Santana_sentence_11

The family moved from Autlán to Tijuana, on the border with the U.S. Carlos Santana_sentence_12

They then moved over the border to San Francisco, California, where his father had steady work. Carlos Santana_sentence_13

In October 1966, Santana started the Santana Blues Band. Carlos Santana_sentence_14

By 1968, the band had begun to incorporate different types of influences into their electric blues. Carlos Santana_sentence_15

Santana later said, "If I would go to some cat's room, he'd be listening to Sly [Stone and Jimi Hendrix; another guy to the Stones and the Beatles. Carlos Santana_sentence_16

Another guy'd be listening to Tito Puente and Mongo Santamaría. Carlos Santana_sentence_17

Another guy'd be listening to Miles [Davis and [John] Coltrane... to me, it was like being at a university." Carlos Santana_sentence_18

Around the age of eight, Santana "fell under the influence" of blues performers like B.B. Carlos Santana_sentence_19 King, Javier Bátiz, Mike Bloomfield, and John Lee Hooker. Carlos Santana_sentence_20

Gábor Szabó's mid-1960s jazz guitar work also strongly influenced Santana's playing. Carlos Santana_sentence_21

Indeed, Szabó's composition "Gypsy Queen" was used as the second part of Santana's 1970 treatment of Peter Green's composition "Black Magic Woman", almost down to identical guitar licks. Carlos Santana_sentence_22

Santana's 2012 instrumental album Shape Shifter includes a song called "Mr. Szabo", played in tribute in the style of Szabó. Carlos Santana_sentence_23

Santana also credits Hendrix, Bloomfield, Hank Marvin, and Peter Green as important influences; he considered Bloomfield a direct mentor, writing of a key meeting with Bloomfield in San Francisco in the foreword he wrote to a 2000 biography of Bloomfield, Michael Bloomfield: If You Love These Blues – An Oral History. Carlos Santana_sentence_24

Between the ages of 10 and 12, he was sexually abused by an American man who brought him across the border. Carlos Santana_sentence_25

Santana lived in the Mission District, graduated from James Lick Middle School, and left Mission High School in 1965. Carlos Santana_sentence_26

He was accepted at California State University, Northridge and Humboldt State University, but chose not to attend college. Carlos Santana_sentence_27

Early career Carlos Santana_section_2

Santana was influenced by popular artists of the 1950s such as B.B. Carlos Santana_sentence_28 King, T-Bone Walker, Javier Batiz, and John Lee Hooker. Carlos Santana_sentence_29

Soon after he began playing guitar, he joined local bands along the "Tijuana Strip" where he was able to begin developing his own sound. Carlos Santana_sentence_30

He was also introduced to a variety of new musical influences, including jazz and folk music, and witnessed the growing hippie movement centered in San Francisco in the 1960s. Carlos Santana_sentence_31

After several years spent working as a dishwasher at Tic Tock Drive-In No2 and busking to pay for a Gibson SG, replacing a destroyed Gibson Melody Maker Santana decided to become a full-time musician. Carlos Santana_sentence_32

In 1966, he was chosen along with other musicians to form an ad hoc band to substitute for that of an intoxicated Paul Butterfield set to play a Sunday matinee at Bill Graham's Fillmore Auditorium. Carlos Santana_sentence_33

Graham selected the substitutes from musicians he knew primarily through his connections with the Butterfield Blues Band, Grateful Dead, and Jefferson Airplane. Carlos Santana_sentence_34

Santana's guitar playing caught the attention of both the audience and Graham. Carlos Santana_sentence_35

During the same year he and fellow street musicians David Brown (bass guitar), Marcus Malone (percussion) and Gregg Rolie (lead vocals, Hammond Organ B3), formed the Santana Blues Band. Carlos Santana_sentence_36

Playing a highly original blend of Latin-infused rock, jazz, blues, salsa, and African rhythms, the band gained an immediate following on the San Francisco club circuit. Carlos Santana_sentence_37

Record deal, Woodstock breakthrough, and height of success: 1969–1972 Carlos Santana_section_3

Santana's band was signed by Columbia Records, which shortened its name to simply "Santana". Carlos Santana_sentence_38

It went into the studio to record its first album in January 1969, finally laying down tracks in May that became its first album. Carlos Santana_sentence_39

Members were not satisfied with the release, dismissed drummer Bob Livingston, and added Mike Shrieve, who had a strong background in both jazz and rock. Carlos Santana_sentence_40

The band then lost percussionist Marcus Malone, who was charged with involuntary manslaughter. Carlos Santana_sentence_41

Michael Carabello was re-enlisted in his place, bringing with him experienced Nicaraguan percussionist José Chepito Areas. Carlos Santana_sentence_42

Major rock music promoter Bill Graham, a Latin Music aficionado who had been a fan of Santana from its inception, arranged for the band to appear at the Woodstock Music and Art Festival before its debut album was even released. Carlos Santana_sentence_43

Its set was one of the surprises of the festival, highlighted by an eleven-minute performance of a throbbing instrumental, "Soul Sacrifice". Carlos Santana_sentence_44

Its inclusion in the Woodstock film and soundtrack album vastly increased the band's popularity. Carlos Santana_sentence_45

Graham also suggested Santana record the Willie Bobo song "Evil Ways", as he felt it would get radio airplay. Carlos Santana_sentence_46

The band's first album, Santana, was released in August 1969 and became a huge hit, reaching #4 on the U.S. album charts. Carlos Santana_sentence_47

The band's performance at Woodstock and the follow-up sound track and movie introduced them to an international audience and garnered critical acclaim. Carlos Santana_sentence_48

The sudden success which followed put pressure on the group, highlighting the different musical directions Rolie and Santana were starting to go. Carlos Santana_sentence_49

Rolie, along with some of the other band members, wanted to emphasize a basic hard rock sound which had been a key component in establishing the band from the start. Carlos Santana_sentence_50

Santana, however, was increasingly interested in moving beyond his love of blues and rock and wanted more jazzy, ethereal elements in the music. Carlos Santana_sentence_51

He had become fascinated with Gábor Szabó, Miles Davis, Pharoah Sanders, and John Coltrane, as well as developing a growing interest in spirituality. Carlos Santana_sentence_52

At the same time, Chepito Areas was stricken with a near-fatal brain hemorrhage, and Santana hoped to continue by finding a temporary replacement (first Willie Bobo, then Coke Escovedo), while others in the band, especially Michael Carabello, felt it was wrong to perform publicly without Areas. Carlos Santana_sentence_53

Cliques formed, and the band started to disintegrate. Carlos Santana_sentence_54

Consolidating the interest generated by their first album, and their highly acclaimed live performance at the Woodstock Festival in August 1969, the band followed up with their second album, Abraxas, in September 1970. Carlos Santana_sentence_55

The album's mix of rock, blues, jazz, salsa and other influences was very well received, showing a musical maturation from their first album and refining the band's early sound. Carlos Santana_sentence_56

Abraxas included two of Santana's most enduring and well-known hits, "Oye Como Va", and "Black Magic Woman/Gypsy Queen". Carlos Santana_sentence_57

Abraxas spent six weeks at #1 on the Billboard chart at the end of 1970. Carlos Santana_sentence_58

The album remained on the charts for 88 weeks and was certified 4x platinum in 1986. Carlos Santana_sentence_59

In 2003, the album was ranked number 205 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Carlos Santana_sentence_60

Teenage San Francisco Bay Area guitar prodigy Neal Schon joined the Santana band in 1971, in time to complete the third album, Santana III. Carlos Santana_sentence_61

The band now boasted a powerful dual-lead-guitar act that gave the album a tougher sound. Carlos Santana_sentence_62

The sound of the band was also helped by the return of a recuperated Chepito Areas and the assistance of Coke Escovedo in the percussion section. Carlos Santana_sentence_63

Enhancing the band's sound further was the support of popular Bay Area group Tower of Power's horn section, Luis Gasca of Malo, and other session musicians which added to both percussion and vocals, injecting more energy to the proceedings. Carlos Santana_sentence_64

Santana III was another success, reaching #1 on the album charts, selling two million copies, and yielding the hit "No One to Depend On". Carlos Santana_sentence_65

Tension between members of the band continued, however. Carlos Santana_sentence_66

Along with musical differences, drug use became a problem, and Santana was deeply worried that it was affecting the band's performance. Carlos Santana_sentence_67

Coke Escovedo encouraged Santana to take more control of the band's musical direction, much to the dismay of some of the others who thought that the band and its sound was a collective effort. Carlos Santana_sentence_68

Also, financial irregularities were exposed while under the management of Stan Marcum, whom Bill Graham criticized as being incompetent. Carlos Santana_sentence_69

Growing resentments between Santana and Michael Carabello over lifestyle issues resulted in his departure on bad terms. Carlos Santana_sentence_70

James Mingo Lewis was hired at the last minute as a replacement at a concert in New York City. Carlos Santana_sentence_71

David Brown later left due to substance abuse problems. Carlos Santana_sentence_72

A South American tour was cut short in Lima, Peru, due to unruly fans and to student protests against U.S. governmental policies. Carlos Santana_sentence_73

In January 1972, Santana, Schon, Escovedo, and Lewis joined former Band of Gypsys drummer Buddy Miles for a concert at Hawaii's Diamond Head Crater, which was recorded for the album Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles! Carlos Santana_sentence_74 Live! Carlos Santana_sentence_75 , which became a gold record. Carlos Santana_sentence_76

Caravanserai Carlos Santana_section_4

In early 1972, Santana and the remaining members of the band started working on their fourth album, Caravanserai. Carlos Santana_sentence_77

During the studio sessions, Santana and Michael Shrieve brought in other musicians: percussionists James Mingo Lewis and Latin-Jazz veteran, Armando Peraza replacing Michael Carabello, and bassists Tom Rutley and Doug Rauch replacing David Brown. Carlos Santana_sentence_78

Also assisting on keyboards were Wendy Haas and Tom Coster. Carlos Santana_sentence_79

With the unsettling influx of new players in the studio, Gregg Rolie and Neal Schon decided that it was time to leave after the completion of the album, even though both contributed to the session. Carlos Santana_sentence_80

Rolie returned home to Seattle; later, he and Schon became founding members of Journey. Carlos Santana_sentence_81

When Caravanserai did emerge in 1972, it marked a strong change in musical direction towards jazz fusion. Carlos Santana_sentence_82

The album received critical praise, but CBS executive Clive Davis warned Santana and the band that it would sabotage the band's position as a "Top 40" act. Carlos Santana_sentence_83

Nevertheless, over the years, the album achieved platinum status. Carlos Santana_sentence_84

The difficulties Santana and the band went through during this period were chronicled in Ben Fong-Torres' Rolling Stone 1972 cover story "The Resurrection of Carlos Santana". Carlos Santana_sentence_85

Shifting styles and spirituality: 1972–1979 Carlos Santana_section_5

In 1972, Santana became interested in the pioneering fusion band the Mahavishnu Orchestra and its guitarist, John McLaughlin. Carlos Santana_sentence_86

Aware of Santana's interest in meditation, McLaughlin introduced Santana, and his wife Deborah, to his guru, Sri Chinmoy. Carlos Santana_sentence_87

Chinmoy accepted them as disciples in 1973. Carlos Santana_sentence_88

Santana was given the name Devadip, meaning "The lamp, light and eye of God". Carlos Santana_sentence_89

Santana and McLaughlin recorded an album together, Love, Devotion, Surrender (1973) with members of Santana and the Mahavishnu Orchestra, along with percussionist Don Alias and organist Larry Young, both of whom had made appearances, along with McLaughlin, on Miles Davis' classic 1970 album Bitches Brew. Carlos Santana_sentence_90

In 1973, Santana, having obtained legal rights to the band's name, Santana, formed a new version of the band with Armando Peraza and Chepito Areas on percussion, Doug Rauch on bass, Michael Shrieve on drums, and Tom Coster and Richard Kermode on keyboards. Carlos Santana_sentence_91

Santana later was able to recruit jazz vocalist Leon Thomas for the tour supporting Caravanserai in Japan on July 3 and 4, 1973, which was recorded for the 1974 live, sprawling, high-energy triple vinyl LP fusion album Lotus. Carlos Santana_sentence_92

CBS records would not allow its release unless the material was condensed. Carlos Santana_sentence_93

Santana did not agree to those terms, and Lotus was available in the U.S. only as an expensive, imported, three-record set. Carlos Santana_sentence_94

The group later went into the studio and recorded Welcome (1973), which further reflected Santana's interests in jazz fusion and his increasing commitment to the spiritual life of Sri Chinmoy. Carlos Santana_sentence_95

A collaboration with John Coltrane's widow, Alice Coltrane, Illuminations (1974), followed. Carlos Santana_sentence_96

The album delved into avant-garde esoteric free jazz, Eastern Indian and classical influences with other ex-Miles Davis sidemen Jack DeJohnette and Dave Holland. Carlos Santana_sentence_97

Soon after, Santana replaced his band members again. Carlos Santana_sentence_98

This time Kermode, Thomas and Rauch departed from the group and were replaced by vocalist Leon Patillo (later a successful Contemporary Christian artist) and returning bassist David Brown. Carlos Santana_sentence_99

He also recruited soprano saxophonist, Jules Broussard for the lineup. Carlos Santana_sentence_100

The band recorded one studio album Borboletta, which was released in 1974. Carlos Santana_sentence_101

Drummer Leon "Ndugu" Chancler later joined the band as a replacement for Michael Shrieve, who left to pursue a solo career. Carlos Santana_sentence_102

By this time, Bill Graham's management company had assumed responsibility for the affairs of the group. Carlos Santana_sentence_103

Graham was critical of Santana's move into jazz and felt he needed to concentrate on getting Santana back into the charts with the edgy, streetwise ethnic sound that had made them famous. Carlos Santana_sentence_104

Santana himself was seeing that the group's direction was alienating many fans. Carlos Santana_sentence_105

Although the albums and performances were given good reviews by critics in jazz and jazz fusion circles, sales had plummeted. Carlos Santana_sentence_106

Santana, along with Tom Coster, producer David Rubinson, and Chancler, formed yet another version of Santana, adding vocalist Greg Walker. Carlos Santana_sentence_107

The 1976 album Amigos, which featured the songs "Dance, Sister, Dance" and "Let It Shine", had a strong funk and Latin sound. Carlos Santana_sentence_108

The album received considerable airplay on FM album-oriented rock stations with the instrumental "Europa (Earth's Cry Heaven's Smile)" and re-introduced Santana to the charts. Carlos Santana_sentence_109

In 1976, Rolling Stone ran a second cover story on Santana entitled "Santana Comes Home". Carlos Santana_sentence_110

The albums conceived through the late 1970s followed the same formula, although with several lineup changes. Carlos Santana_sentence_111

Among the new personnel who joined was current percussionist Raul Rekow, who joined in early 1977. Carlos Santana_sentence_112

Most notable of the band's commercial efforts of this era was a version of the 1960s Zombies hit, "She's Not There", on the 1977 double album Moonflower. Carlos Santana_sentence_113

Santana recorded two solo projects in this time: Oneness: Silver Dreams – Golden Reality, in 1979 and The Swing of Delight in 1980, which featured Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter and Tony Williams. Carlos Santana_sentence_114

The pressures and temptations of being a high-profile rock musician and requirements of the spiritual lifestyle which guru Sri Chinmoy and his followers demanded were in conflict, and imposed considerable stress upon Santana's lifestyle and marriage. Carlos Santana_sentence_115

He was becoming increasingly disillusioned with what he thought were the unreasonable rules that Chinmoy imposed on his life, and in particular with his refusal to allow Santana and Deborah to start a family. Carlos Santana_sentence_116

He felt too that his fame was being used to increase the guru's visibility. Carlos Santana_sentence_117

Santana and Deborah eventually ended their relationship with Chinmoy in 1982. Carlos Santana_sentence_118

The 1980s Carlos Santana_section_6

More radio-friendly singles followed from Santana and the band. Carlos Santana_sentence_119

"Winning" in 1981 (from Zebop!) Carlos Santana_sentence_120

and "Hold On" (a remake of Canadian artist Ian Thomas' song) in 1982 both reached the top twenty. Carlos Santana_sentence_121

After his break with Sri Chinmoy, Santana went into the studio to record another solo album with Keith Olson and legendary R&B producer Jerry Wexler. Carlos Santana_sentence_122

The 1983 album Havana Moon revisited Santana's early musical experiences in Tijuana with Bo Diddley's "Who Do You Love" and the title cut, Chuck Berry's "Havana Moon". Carlos Santana_sentence_123

The album's guests included Booker T. Jones, the Fabulous Thunderbirds, Willie Nelson and even Santana's father's mariachi orchestra. Carlos Santana_sentence_124

Santana again paid tribute to his early rock roots by doing the film score to La Bamba, which was based on the life of rock and roll legend Ritchie Valens and starred Lou Diamond Phillips. Carlos Santana_sentence_125

The band Santana returned in 1985 with a new album, Beyond Appearances, and two years later with Freedom. Carlos Santana_sentence_126

Growing weary of trying to appease record company executives with formulaic hit records, Santana took great pleasure in jamming and making guest appearances with notables such as the jazz fusion group Weather Report, jazz pianist McCoy Tyner, Blues legend John Lee Hooker, Frank Franklin, Living Colour guitarist Vernon Reid, and West African singer Salif Keita. Carlos Santana_sentence_127

He and Mickey Hart of the Grateful Dead later recorded and performed with Nigerian drummer Babatunde Olatunji, who conceived one of Santana's famous 1960s drum jams, "Jingo". Carlos Santana_sentence_128

In 1988, Santana organized a reunion with past members from the Santana band for a series of concert dates. Carlos Santana_sentence_129

CBS records released a 20-year retrospective of the band's accomplishments with Viva Santana! Carlos Santana_sentence_130

double CD compilation. Carlos Santana_sentence_131

That same year Santana formed an all-instrumental group featuring jazz legend Wayne Shorter on tenor and soprano saxophone. Carlos Santana_sentence_132

The group also included Patrice Rushen on keyboards, Alphonso Johnson on bass, Armando Peraza and Chepito Areas on percussion, and Leon "Ndugu" Chancler on drums. Carlos Santana_sentence_133

They toured briefly and received much acclaim from the music press, who compared the effort with the era of Caravanserai (1972). Carlos Santana_sentence_134

Santana released another solo record, Blues for Salvador (1987), which won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance. Carlos Santana_sentence_135

In 1990, Santana left Columbia Records after twenty-two years and signed with Polygram. Carlos Santana_sentence_136

The following year he made a guest appearance on Ottmar Liebert's album, Solo Para Ti (1991), on the songs "Reaching out 2 U" and on a cover of his own song, "Samba Pa Ti". Carlos Santana_sentence_137

In 1992, Santana hired jam band Phish as his opening act. Carlos Santana_sentence_138

Return to commercial success Carlos Santana_section_7

Santana kicked off the 1990s with a new album Spirits Dancing in the Flesh in 1990. Carlos Santana_sentence_139

This was followed by Milagro in 1992, a live album Sacred Fire in 1993 and Brothers (a collaboration with his brother Jorge and nephew Carlos Hernandez) in 1994. Carlos Santana_sentence_140

But sales were relatively poor. Carlos Santana_sentence_141

Santana toured widely over the next few years but there were no further new album releases, and eventually, he was even without a recording contract. Carlos Santana_sentence_142

However, Arista Records' Clive Davis, who had worked with Santana at Columbia Records, signed him and encouraged him to record a star-studded album with mostly younger artists. Carlos Santana_sentence_143

The result was 1999's Supernatural, which included collaborations with Everlast, Rob Thomas of Matchbox Twenty, Eric Clapton, Lauryn Hill, Wyclef Jean, CeeLo Green, Maná, Dave Matthews, KC Porter, J. Carlos Santana_sentence_144 B. Eckl, and others. Carlos Santana_sentence_145

However, the lead single was what grabbed the attention of both fans and the music industry. Carlos Santana_sentence_146

"Smooth", a dynamic cha-cha stop-start number co-written and sung by Rob Thomas of Matchbox Twenty, was laced throughout with Santana's guitar fills and runs. Carlos Santana_sentence_147

The track's energy was immediately apparent on radio, and it was played on a wide variety of station formats. Carlos Santana_sentence_148

"Smooth" spent twelve weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming in the process the last #1 single of the 1990s. Carlos Santana_sentence_149

The music video, set on a hot barrio street, was also very popular. Carlos Santana_sentence_150

Supernatural reached number one on the US album charts and the follow-up single, "Maria Maria", featuring the R&B duo the Product G&B, also hit number one, spending ten weeks there in the spring of 2000. Carlos Santana_sentence_151

Supernatural eventually shipped over 15 million copies in the United States, and won 8 Grammy Awards including Album of the Year, making it Santana's most successful album. Carlos Santana_sentence_152

Carlos Santana, alongside the classic Santana lineup of their first two albums, was inducted as an individual, into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. Carlos Santana_sentence_153

He performed "Black Magic Woman" with the writer of the song, Fleetwood Mac's founder Peter Green. Carlos Santana_sentence_154

Green was inducted the same night. Carlos Santana_sentence_155

In 2000, Supernatural won nine Grammy Awards (eight for Santana personally), including Album of the Year, Record of the Year for "Smooth", and Song of the Year for Thomas and Itaal Shur. Carlos Santana_sentence_156

Santana's acceptance speeches described his feelings about music's place in one's spiritual existence. Carlos Santana_sentence_157

Later that year at the Latin Grammy Awards, he won three awards including Record of the Year. Carlos Santana_sentence_158

In 2001, Santana's guitar skills were featured in Michael Jackson's song "Whatever Happens", from the album Invincible. Carlos Santana_sentence_159

In 2002, Santana released Shaman, revisiting the Supernatural format of guest artists including Citizen Cope, P.O.D. Carlos Santana_sentence_160

and Seal. Carlos Santana_sentence_161

Although the album was not the runaway success its predecessor had been, it produced two radio-friendly hits. Carlos Santana_sentence_162

"The Game of Love" featuring Michelle Branch, rose to number five on the Billboard Hot 100 and spent many weeks at the top of the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, and "Why Don't You & I" written by and featuring Chad Kroeger from the group Nickelback (the original and a remix with Alex Band from the group the Calling were combined towards chart performance) which reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100. Carlos Santana_sentence_163

"The Game of Love" went on to win the Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. Carlos Santana_sentence_164

In the same year, he was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame. Carlos Santana_sentence_165

In early August 2003, Santana was named fifteenth on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Carlos Santana_sentence_166

In 2004, Santana was honored as the Person of the Year by the Latin Recording Academy. Carlos Santana_sentence_167

On April 21, 2005, Santana was honored as a BMI Icon at the 12th annual BMI Latin Awards. Carlos Santana_sentence_168

Santana was the first songwriter designated a BMI Icon at the company's Latin Awards. Carlos Santana_sentence_169

The honor is given to a creator who has been "a unique and indelible influence on generations of music makers." Carlos Santana_sentence_170

In 2005, Herbie Hancock approached Santana to collaborate on an album again using the Supernatural formula. Carlos Santana_sentence_171

Possibilities was released on August 30, 2005, featuring Carlos Santana and Angélique Kidjo on "Safiatou". Carlos Santana_sentence_172

Also, in 2005, fellow Latin star Shakira invited Santana to play the soft rock guitar ballad "Illegal" on her second English-language studio album Oral Fixation, Vol. 2. Carlos Santana_sentence_173

Santana's 2005 album All That I Am consists primarily of collaborations with other artists; the first single, the peppy "I'm Feeling You", was again with Michelle Branch and the Wreckers. Carlos Santana_sentence_174

Other musicians joining the mix this time included Steven Tyler of Aerosmith, Kirk Hammett from Metallica, hip-hop artist/songwriter/producer and guitarist/songwriter/producer George Pajon, hip-hop/reggae star Sean Paul and R&B singer Joss Stone. Carlos Santana_sentence_175

In April and May 2006, Santana toured Europe, where he promoted his son Salvador Santana's band as his opening act. Carlos Santana_sentence_176

In 2007, Santana appeared, along with Sheila E. and José Feliciano, on Gloria Estefan's album 90 Millas, on the single "No Llores". Carlos Santana_sentence_177

He also teamed again with Chad Kroeger for the hit single "Into the Night". Carlos Santana_sentence_178

He also played guitar in Eros Ramazzotti's hit "Fuoco nel fuoco" from the album . Carlos Santana_sentence_179

In 2008, Santana was reported to be working with his longtime friend, Marcelo Vieira, on his solo album Acoustic Demos, which was released at the end of the year. Carlos Santana_sentence_180

It features tracks such as "For Flavia" and "Across the Grave", the latter said to feature heavy melodic riffs by Santana. Carlos Santana_sentence_181

Carlos Santana performed at the 2009 American Idol Finale with the top 13 finalists, which starred many acts such as KISS, Queen and Rod Stewart. Carlos Santana_sentence_182

On July 8, 2009, Carlos Santana appeared at the Athens Olympic Stadium in Athens with his 10-member all-star band as part of his "Supernatural Santana – A Trip through the Hits" European tour. Carlos Santana_sentence_183

On July 10, 2009, he also appeared at Philip II Stadium in Skopje. Carlos Santana_sentence_184

With a 2.5-hour long concert and 20 000 people, Santana appeared for the first time in that region. Carlos Santana_sentence_185

"Supernatural Santana – A Trip through the Hits" was played at the Hard Rock hotel in Las Vegas, where it was played through 2011. Carlos Santana_sentence_186

Santana is featured as a playable character in the music video game Guitar Hero 5. Carlos Santana_sentence_187

A live recording of his song "No One to Depend On" is included in game, which was released on September 1, 2009. Carlos Santana_sentence_188

More recently, in 2011, three Santana songs were offered as downloadable content (DLC) for guitar learning software Rocksmith: "Oye Como Va", "Smooth", and "Black Magic Woman/Gypsy Queen". Carlos Santana_sentence_189

In the same year, Santana received the Billboard Latin Music Lifetime Achievement Award. Carlos Santana_sentence_190

Santana, since 2007, has opened a chain of upscale Mexican restaurants called "Maria Maria". Carlos Santana_sentence_191

It is a combined effort with Chef Roberto Santibañez. Carlos Santana_sentence_192

They are located in Tempe, Arizona; Mill Valley (now closed), Walnut Creek, Danville and San Diego; Austin, Texas; and Boca Raton, Florida. Carlos Santana_sentence_193

In 2012, Santana released an album Shape Shifter consisting of mostly instrumental tracks. Carlos Santana_sentence_194

On February 23, 2013, there was a public announcement on about a reunion of the surviving members (minus Jose “Chepito” Areas) of the Santana band who recorded Santana III in 1971. Carlos Santana_sentence_195

The subsequent album to be titled Santana IV. Carlos Santana_sentence_196

On May 6, 2014, his first ever Spanish language album Corazón was released. Carlos Santana_sentence_197

On September 12, 2015, Carlos Santana appeared as a member of Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh's band Phil Lesh and Friends at the third annual Lockn' Festival. Carlos Santana_sentence_198

He has continued to act as a mentor to a younger generation of jam acts, like Derek Trucks and Robert Randolph. Carlos Santana_sentence_199

In 2016, Carlos Santana reunited with past Santana band members Gregg Rolie, Michael Carabello, Michael Shrieve, and Neil Schon to release the album: Santana IV and the band embarked on a brief tour. Carlos Santana_sentence_200

A full set from this lineup was filmed at the House of Blues in Las Vegas and was released as a live album and a DVD titled Live at the House of Blues Las Vegas. Carlos Santana_sentence_201

In 2017, Santana collaborated with the Isley Brothers to release the album The Power of Peace on July 28, 2017. Carlos Santana_sentence_202

In December 2018, Santana published a guitar lesson on YouTube as part of the online education series MasterClass. Carlos Santana_sentence_203

In October 2019, Santana was featured on the American rapper Tyga's song "Mamacita" alongside American rapper YG. Carlos Santana_sentence_204

The song's music video premiered on YouTube on 25 October. Carlos Santana_sentence_205

In March 2020, Santana's "Miraculous World Tour" was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Carlos Santana_sentence_206

Equipment Carlos Santana_section_8

Guitars and effects Carlos Santana_section_9

Santana played a red Gibson SG Special with P-90 pickups at the Woodstock festival (1969). Carlos Santana_sentence_207

During 1970–1972 the time between the release of Abraxas (1970) and Santana III 1971, he used different Gibson Les Pauls and a black Gibson SG Special. Carlos Santana_sentence_208

In 1974 he played and endorsed the Gibson L6-S Custom. Carlos Santana_sentence_209

This can be heard on the album Borboletta (1974). Carlos Santana_sentence_210

From 1976 until 1982, his main guitar was a Yamaha SG 175B, and sometimes a white Gibson SG Custom with three open coil pick-ups. Carlos Santana_sentence_211

In 1982, he started to use a custom made PRS Custom 24 guitar. Carlos Santana_sentence_212

In 1988 PRS Guitars began making Santana signature model guitars, which Santana has played through its various iterations ever since (see below). Carlos Santana_sentence_213

Santana currently uses a Santana II model guitar fitted with PRS Santana III nickel covered pickups, a tremolo bar, and .009-.042 gauge D'Addario strings. Carlos Santana_sentence_214

He also plays a PRS Santana MD "The Multidimensional" guitar. Carlos Santana_sentence_215

The Santana guitars feature necks made of a single piece of mahogany topped with rosewood fretboards (some feature highly sought-after Brazilian rosewood). Carlos Santana_sentence_216

Santana Signature Models: Carlos Santana_sentence_217

Carlos Santana_unordered_list_0

  • PRS Santana I "The Yellow" guitar (1988)Carlos Santana_item_0_0
  • PRS Santana II "Supernatural" guitar (1999)Carlos Santana_item_0_1
  • PRS Santana III guitar (2001)Carlos Santana_item_0_2
  • PRS Santana SE guitar (2001)Carlos Santana_item_0_3
  • PRS Santana SE II guitar (2003)Carlos Santana_item_0_4
  • PRS Santana Shaman SE-Limited Edition guitar (2003)Carlos Santana_item_0_5
  • PRS Santana MD "The Multidimensional" guitar (2008)Carlos Santana_item_0_6
  • PRS Santana 25th Anniversary guitar (2009)Carlos Santana_item_0_7
  • PRS Santana Abraxas SE-Limited Edition guitar (2009)Carlos Santana_item_0_8
  • PRS Santana SE "The Multidimensional" guitar (2011)Carlos Santana_item_0_9
  • PRS Santana Retro guitar (2017)Carlos Santana_item_0_10
  • PRS Santana Yellow SE guitar (2017)Carlos Santana_item_0_11

Santana also uses a classical guitar, he used the Alvarez Yairi CY127CE with Alvarez tension nylon strings, in the last years from 2009 he uses custom made, semi-hollow Toru Nittono's "Model-T" Jazz Electric Nylon. Carlos Santana_sentence_218

Santana does not use many effects pedals. Carlos Santana_sentence_219

His PRS guitar is connected to a Mu-Tron Wah-wah pedal (or, more recently, a Dunlop 535Q wah and a T-Rex Replica delay pedal, then through a customized Jim Dunlop amp switcher which in turn is connected to the different amps or cabinets. Carlos Santana_sentence_220

Previous setups include an Ibanez Tube Screamer right after the guitar. Carlos Santana_sentence_221

He is also known to have used an Electro-Harmonix Big Muff distortion for his famous sustain. Carlos Santana_sentence_222

In the song "Stand Up" from the album Marathon (1979), Santana uses a Heil talk box in the guitar solo. Carlos Santana_sentence_223

He has also used the Audiotech Guitar Products 1x6 Rack Mount Audio Switcher in rehearsals for the 2008 "Live Your Light" tour. Carlos Santana_sentence_224

Santana uses two different guitar picks: the large triangular Dunlop he has used for so many years, and the V-Pick Freakishly Large Round. Carlos Santana_sentence_225

Amplifiers Carlos Santana_section_10

Carlos Santana's distinctive guitar tone is produced by PRS Santana signature guitars plugged into multiple amplifiers. Carlos Santana_sentence_226

The amps consist of a Mesa Boogie Mark I, Dumble Overdrive Reverb and more recently a Bludotone amplifier. Carlos Santana_sentence_227

Santana compares the tonal qualities of each amplifier to that of a singer producing head/nasal tones, chest tones, and belly tones. Carlos Santana_sentence_228

A three-way amp switcher is employed on Carlos's pedal board to enable him to switch between amps. Carlos Santana_sentence_229

Often the unique tones of each amplifier are blended together, complementing each other producing a richer tone. Carlos Santana_sentence_230

He also put the "Boogie" in Mesa Boogie. Carlos Santana_sentence_231

Santana is credited with coining the popular Mesa amplifier name when he tried one and exclaimed, "That little thing really Boogies!" Carlos Santana_sentence_232

Specifically, Santana combines a Mesa/Boogie Mark I head running through a Boogie cabinet with Altec 417-8H (or recently JBL E120s) speakers, and a Dumble Overdrive Reverb and/or a Dumble Overdrive Special running through a Brown or Marshall 4x12 cabinet with Celestion G12M "Greenback" speakers, depending on the desired sound. Carlos Santana_sentence_233

Shure KSM-32 microphones are used to pick up the sound, going to the PA. Carlos Santana_sentence_234

Additionally, a Fender Cyber-Twin Amp is mostly used at home. Carlos Santana_sentence_235

During his early career, Santana used a GMT transistor amplifier stack and a silverface Fender Twin. Carlos Santana_sentence_236

The GMT 226A rig was used at the Woodstock concert as well as during recording Santana's debut album. Carlos Santana_sentence_237

During this era, Santana also began to use the Fender Twin, which was also used on the debut and proceedingly at the recording sessions of Abraxas. Carlos Santana_sentence_238

Personal life Carlos Santana_section_11

Santana became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1965. Carlos Santana_sentence_239

He married Deborah King, daughter of blues musician Saunders King, in 1973. Carlos Santana_sentence_240

They have three children named Salvador, Stella, and Angelica, and co-founded a non-profit organization called the Milagro (Miracle) Foundation, which provides financial aid for educational, medical, and other needs. Carlos Santana_sentence_241

On October 19, 2007, Deborah filed for divorce after 34 years of marriage, citing irreconcilable differences. Carlos Santana_sentence_242

Santana became engaged to drummer Cindy Blackman after proposing to her during a concert of the Universal Tone Tour at Tinley Park on July 9, 2010. Carlos Santana_sentence_243

The two were married in December 2010, and currently live in Las Vegas. Carlos Santana_sentence_244

Discography Carlos Santana_section_12

Main articles: Carlos Santana discography and Santana discography Carlos Santana_sentence_245

Studio albums Carlos Santana_section_13

Carlos Santana_unordered_list_1

Live albums Carlos Santana_section_14

Carlos Santana_unordered_list_2

Compilation albums Carlos Santana_section_15

Carlos Santana_unordered_list_3

  • Magic of Carlos Santana (2001)Carlos Santana_item_3_22
  • The Latin Sound of Carlos Santana (2003)Carlos Santana_item_3_23
  • Carlos Santana (2004)Carlos Santana_item_3_24
  • Very Best of Carlos Santana (2005)Carlos Santana_item_3_25
  • Carlos Santana (2006)Carlos Santana_item_3_26
  • Havana Moon/Blues for Salvador (2007)Carlos Santana_item_3_27
  • Multi-Dimensional Warrior (2008)Carlos Santana_item_3_28

Guest appearances Carlos Santana_section_16

Carlos Santana_unordered_list_4

  • Dora the Explorer Oye Como Va (2005)Carlos Santana_item_4_29

Memoir Carlos Santana_section_17

On November 4, 2014, his memoir, The Universal Tone: Bringing My Story to Light was published. Carlos Santana_sentence_246

ISBN 978-0-31624-492-3 Carlos Santana_sentence_247

Awards and nominations Carlos Santana_section_18

For awards and nominations received by the band Santana, see List of awards and nominations received by Santana. Carlos Santana_sentence_248

Carlos Santana_table_general_1

AwardCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_0 YearCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_1 CategoryCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_2 Recipient(s) and nominee(s)Carlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_3 ResultCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_4 Ref(s).Carlos Santana_header_cell_1_0_5
Billboard Century AwardCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_1_0 1995Carlos Santana_cell_1_1_1 Billboard Century AwardCarlos Santana_cell_1_1_2 Carlos SantanaCarlos Santana_cell_1_1_3 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_1_4 Carlos Santana_cell_1_1_5
CHCI Medallions of ExcellenceCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_2_0 1999Carlos Santana_cell_1_2_1 Medallion of Excellence for Community ServiceCarlos Santana_cell_1_2_2 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_2_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_2_4
Chicano Music AwardsCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_3_0 1997Carlos Santana_cell_1_3_1 Latino Music Legend of the YearCarlos Santana_cell_1_3_2 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_3_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_3_4
Echo Music PrizeCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_4_0 2001Carlos Santana_cell_1_4_1 Best International Rock/Pop Male ArtistCarlos Santana_cell_1_4_2 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_4_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_4_4
Grammy AwardsCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_5_0 1988Carlos Santana_cell_1_5_1 Best Rock Instrumental Performance (Orchestra, Group Or Soloist)Carlos Santana_cell_1_5_2 Blues for SalvadorCarlos Santana_cell_1_5_3 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_5_4 Carlos Santana_cell_1_5_5
Hollywood Walk of FameCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_6_0 1997Carlos Santana_cell_1_6_1 A star located at 7080 Hollywood BlvdCarlos Santana_cell_1_6_2 Carlos SantanaCarlos Santana_cell_1_6_3 InductedCarlos Santana_cell_1_6_4 Carlos Santana_cell_1_6_5
Kennedy Center HonorsCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_7_0 2013Carlos Santana_cell_1_7_1 Kennedy Center HonoreeCarlos Santana_cell_1_7_2 InductedCarlos Santana_cell_1_7_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_7_4
NAACP Image AwardCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_8_0 2006Carlos Santana_cell_1_8_1 NAACP Image Award – Hall of Fame AwardCarlos Santana_cell_1_8_2 InductedCarlos Santana_cell_1_8_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_8_4
Patrick Lippert AwardCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_9_0 2001Carlos Santana_cell_1_9_1 Patrick Lippert AwardCarlos Santana_cell_1_9_2 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_9_3 Carlos Santana_cell_1_9_4
UCLA Cesar E. Chavez Spirit AwardCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_10_0 2001Carlos Santana_cell_1_10_1 Award for social engagementCarlos Santana_cell_1_10_2 Carlos Santana and Deborah SantanaCarlos Santana_cell_1_10_3 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_10_4 Carlos Santana_cell_1_10_5
VH1 awardsCarlos Santana_header_cell_1_11_0 2000Carlos Santana_cell_1_11_1 Man of the YearCarlos Santana_cell_1_11_2 Carlos SantanaCarlos Santana_cell_1_11_3 WonCarlos Santana_cell_1_11_4 Carlos Santana_cell_1_11_5

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Santana.