Case Western Reserve University

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"CWRU" redirects here. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_0

For the Australian rugby body, see Central West Rugby Union. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_1

Case Western Reserve University_table_infobox_0

Case Western Reserve UniversityCase Western Reserve University_table_caption_0
MottoCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_0_0 Historical:
Christo et Ecclesiae  (1827-1885)  
Lux  (1885-1932)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_0_1
Motto in EnglishCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_1_0 Christ and the Church (1827-1885)
Light  (1885-1932)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_1_1
TypeCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_2_0 Private universityCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_2_1
EstablishedCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_3_0 1826; 194 years ago (1826)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_3_1
Academic affiliationsCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_4_0 Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_4_1
EndowmentCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_5_0 $1.87 billion (2019)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_5_1
PresidentCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_6_0 Scott Cowen (interim)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_6_1
Academic staffCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_7_0 3,501 full-timeCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_7_1
Administrative staffCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_8_0 3,098Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_8_1
StudentsCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_9_0 11,824Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_9_1
UndergraduatesCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_10_0 5,150Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_10_1
PostgraduatesCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_11_0 6,674Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_11_1
LocationCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_12_0 Cleveland, Ohio, United StatesCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_12_1
CampusCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_13_0 urban, 155 acres (63 ha)Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_13_1
ColorsCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_14_0 blue, grey, blackCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_14_1
NicknameCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_15_0 SpartansCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_15_1
Sporting affiliationsCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_16_0 NCAA, Division III

UAA, PACfootballCase Western Reserve University_cell_0_16_1

WebsiteCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_0_17_0 Case Western Reserve University_cell_0_17_1

Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) is a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_2

It was created in 1967 through the federation of two longstanding contiguous institutions: Western Reserve University, founded in 1826 and named for its location in the Connecticut Western Reserve, and Case Institute of Technology, founded in 1880 through the endowment of Leonard Case, Jr. Time magazine described the merger as the creation of "Cleveland's Big-Leaguer" university. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_3

The campus is approximately 5 miles (8 km) east of Downtown Cleveland in the neighborhood known as University Circle, an area encompassing 550 acres (220 ha) containing a concentration of educational, medical, and cultural institutions. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_4

Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with University Circle institutions, including the Cleveland Clinic, the University Hospitals of Cleveland, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, and the Cleveland Play House. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_5

Severance Hall, home of the Cleveland Orchestra, is on the Case Western Reserve campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_6

Case Western Reserve includes the medical school, business school, dental school, law school, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Department of Biomedical Engineering and its biomedical teaching and research capabilities. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_7

Case Western Reserve is a member of the Association of American Universities. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_8

Case is noted (among other fields) for research in electrochemistry and electrochemical engineering. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_9

The Michelson–Morley interferometer experiment was conducted in 1887 in the basement of a campus dormitory by Albert A. Michelson of Case School of Applied Science and Edward W. Morley of Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_10

Michelson became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_11

Since then, seventeen Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Case Western Reserve or one of its two predecessors. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_12

History Case Western Reserve University_section_0

Case Western Reserve University was created in 1967, when Western Reserve University (formerly Western Reserve College) and Case Institute of Technology (formerly Case School of Applied Science), institutions that had been neighbors for 81 years, formally federated. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_13

Western Reserve College (1826–1882) and University (1882–1967) Case Western Reserve University_section_1

Western Reserve College, the college of the Connecticut Western Reserve, was founded in 1826 in Hudson, Ohio, as the Western Reserve College and Preparatory School. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_14

Western Reserve College, or "Reserve" as it was popularly called, was the first college in northern Ohio. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_15

The school was called "Yale of the West"; its campus, now that of the Western Reserve Academy, imitated that of Yale. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_16

It had the same motto, "Lux et Veritas" (Light and Truth), the same entrance standards, and almost the same curriculum. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_17

The vision its founders had of Western Reserve College was that it would instill in students an "evangelical ethos", and produce ministers to remedy the acute shortage of them in Ohio. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_18

Liberal arts and sciences were important, but secondary. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_19

The college was located in Hudson because the town made the largest financial offer (to help in its construction). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_20

Hudson was a quiet antislavery center from the beginning: its founder, David Hudson, was against slavery, and founding trustee Owen Brown was a noted abolitionist who secured the location for the college. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_21

The abolitionist John Brown, who would lead the 1859 raid on Harpers Ferry, grew up in Hudson and was the son of co-founder Owen Brown. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_22

Hudson was a major stop on the Underground Railroad. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_23

Along with Presbyterian influences of its founding, the school's origins were strongly associated with the pre-Civil War Abolitionist movement, primarily due to the influence of President Charles Backus Storrs, Elizur Wright, and David Hudson. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_24

In fact, Western Reserve was the first college west of the Appalachian Mountains to enroll (1832) and graduate (1836) an African-American student, John Sykes Fayette. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_25

The abolitionist views were so strong, Frederick Douglass gave the commencement speech in 1854. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_26

In 1838, the Loomis Observatory was built by astronomer Elias Loomis, and today remains the second oldest observatory in the United States, and the oldest still in its original location. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_27

In 1852, the Medical School became the second school in the United States to graduate a woman, Nancy Talbot Clark. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_28

Five more women graduated over the next four years, including Emily Blackwell and Marie Zakrzewska, giving Western Reserve the distinction of graduating six of the first eight female physicians in the United States. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_29

By 1875, Cleveland had emerged as the dominant population and business center of the area, and the city wanted a prominent higher education institution. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_30

In 1882, with funding from Amasa Stone, Western Reserve College moved to Cleveland and changed its name to Adelbert College of Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_31

Adelbert was the name of Stone's son. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_32

Case School of Applied Science (1880–1947) and Institute of Technology (1947–1967) Case Western Reserve University_section_2

In 1877, Leonard Case Jr. began laying the groundwork for the Case School of Applied Science by secretly donating valuable pieces of Cleveland real estate to a trust. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_33

He asked his confidential advisor, Henry Gilbert Abbey, to administer the trust and to keep it secret until after his death in 1880. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_34

On March 29, 1880, articles of incorporation were filed for the founding of the Case School of Applied Science. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_35

Classes began on September 15, 1881. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_36

The school received its charter by the state of Ohio in 1882. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_37

For the first four years of the school's existence, it was located in the Case family's home on Rockwell Street in downtown Cleveland. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_38

Classes were held in the family house, while the chemistry and physics laboratories were on the second floor of the barn. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_39

Amasa Stone's gift to relocate Western Reserve College to Cleveland also included a provision for the purchase of land in the University Circle area, adjacent to Western Reserve University, for the Case School of Applied Science. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_40

The school relocated to University Circle in 1885. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_41

During World War II, Case School of Applied Science was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_42

Over time, the Case School of Applied Science expanded to encompass broader subjects, adopting the name Case Institute of Technology in 1947 to reflect the institution's growth. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_43

Led by polymer expert Eric Baer in 1963, the nation's first stand-alone Polymer Science and Engineering program was founded, to eventually become the Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_44

Federation of two universities Case Western Reserve University_section_3

Although the trustees of Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University did not formally federate their institutions until 1967, the institutions already shared buildings and staff when necessary and worked together often. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_45

One such example was seen in 1887, when Case physicist Albert Michelson and Reserve chemist Edward Morley collaborated on the famous Michelson–Morley experiment. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_46

There had been some discussion of a merger of the two institutions as early as 1890, but those talks dissolved quickly. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_47

In the 1920s, the Survey Commission on Higher Education in Cleveland took a strong stand in favor of federation and the community was behind the idea as well, but in the end all that came of the study was a decision by the two institutions to cooperate in founding Cleveland College, a special unit for part-time and adult students in downtown Cleveland. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_48

By the 1960s, Reserve President John Schoff Millis and Case President T. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_49 Keith Glennan shared the idea that federation would create a complete university, one better able to attain national distinction. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_50

Financed by the Carnegie Corporation, Cleveland Foundation, Greater Cleveland Associated Foundation, and several local donors, a study commission of national leaders in higher education and public policy was charged with exploring the idea of federation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_51

The Heald Commission, so known for its chair, former Ford Foundation President Henry T. Heald, issued its final report, "Vision of a University." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_52

The report predicted that a federation could create one of the largest private universities in the nation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_53

Case Western Reserve University (1967–present) Case Western Reserve University_section_4

In 1967, Case Institute of Technology, a school with its emphasis on engineering and science, and Western Reserve University, a school with professional programs and liberal arts, came together to form Case Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_54

In 1968, the Department of Biomedical Engineering launched as a newly unified collaboration between the School of Engineering and School of Medicine as the first in the nation and as one of the first Biomedical Engineering programs in the world. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_55

The following year in 1969, the first Biomedical Engineering MD/PhD program in the world began at Case Western Reserve. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_56

The first computer engineering degree program in the United States was established in 1971 at Case Western Reserve. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_57

The "Forward Thinking" campaign was launched in 2011 by President Barbara Snyder to fundraise $1 billion, the largest in school history. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_58

The goal was reached in 2014 after 30 months. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_59

The Board of Trustees unanimously agreed to expand the campaign to $1.5 billion, which reached its mark a few years later in 2017. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_60

The campaign ultimately raised $1.82 billion. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_61

On September 29, the first 2020 United States presidential debate occurred at the Samson Pavilion of the Health Education Campus (HEC), shared by the Cleveland Clinic. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_62

Presidents Case Western Reserve University_section_5

See also: List of Presidents of Case Western Reserve University Case Western Reserve University_sentence_63

Campus Case Western Reserve University_section_6

The university is approximately 5 miles (8 km) east of downtown Cleveland, adjacent to the historic Wade Park District in University Circle, a park-like city neighborhood and commercial center, home to many educational, medical, and other cultural institutions. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_64

Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with nearby institutions, including the Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland Botanical Garden, and the Cleveland Play House. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_65

Case Quad Case Western Reserve University_section_7

The Case Quadrangle, known also to students as the Engineering Quad, is located south of Euclid Avenue between Adelbert Road and Martin Luther King Jr. Drive. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_66

Most engineering and science buildings are located on this quad, notably the John D. Rockefeller Physics Building. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_67

The Case Quad also houses administration buildings, including Adelbert Hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_68

The famous Michelson-Morley experiment occurred here, where a historical marker and the Michelson-Morley Memorial Fountain stand as commemoration. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_69

Other notable campus buildings include the Strosacker Auditorium and Nord Hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_70

The southernmost edge consists of athletic areas—Adelbert Gymnasium, Van Horn Field and the Veale Convocation, Recreation and Athletic Center (commonly referred to as the Veale Center). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_71

The Veale Center houses the Horsburgh Gymnasium and the Veale Natatorium. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_72

Mather Quad Case Western Reserve University_section_8

See also: Flora Stone Mather College Historic District Case Western Reserve University_sentence_73

The Flora Stone Mather Quadrangle, known to students as the Mather Quad, is home to many humanities and social sciences subjects. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_74

The quad is located north of Euclid Avenue between East Blvd., East 115th Street, and Juniper Road. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_75

The Flora Stone Mather College Historic District is more strictly defined by the area between East Blvd, Bellflower Road, and Ford Road north of Euclid Avenue. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_76

Named for the philanthropist wife of prominent industrialist Samuel Mather and sister-in-law of the famous statesman John Hay, the Mather Quad is home to Weatherhead School of Management, School of Law, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, and many departments of the College of Arts and Sciences. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_77

The Kelvin Smith Library, Thwing Center, and Tinkham Veale Student Center (known also as "The Tink") sit on the western edge of the Mather Quad and are often considered the center of campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_78

North Residential Village Case Western Reserve University_section_9

Situated on the northeast end of campus, the North Residential Village (NRV) is home to all Case Western Reserve's first-year students and many second-year students residing on campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_79

Constructed in the 1960s, the NRV consists of 12 4-floor buildings, an 11-floor building, Leutner (a dining hall), and a building containing the NRV area office and rehearsal space for Case Western Reserve's music department. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_80

Triangle Towers Case Western Reserve University_section_10

Triangle Towers are buildings located within Uptown that house both current students and staff, and is also available for rent to the public. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_81

There are two towers, Tower 1 and Tower 2. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_82

Both overlook Uptown shops like Michel's Ice Cream and ABC Tavern. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_83

The Village at 115 Case Western Reserve University_section_11

Located between East 115th Street and East 118th Street, the Village at 115 opened in the fall of 2005 for upper-class students. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_84

The Village consists of seven houses that surround DiSanto Field and the Bill Sudeck Track. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_85

Village housing is apartment style, with apartments that house one to nine people (excluding eight person units). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_86

The apartments are fully furnished. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_87

The Village is also LEED Gold certified. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_88

Houses 1-4 & 6-7 are certified silver while house 5 is certified gold. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_89

Stephanie Tubbs Jones Residence Hall Case Western Reserve University_section_12

The Stephanie Tubbs Jones Residence Hall is located the north side of campus along East 115th Street before Wade Park Avenue. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_90

The hall is for upperclassman and is LEED Gold certified. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_91

As of 2019, the building is the newest residential hall on campus and consists of 5 floors along with 106 apartments. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_92

In addition to the apartments, the building also contains 8 townhouse-like residential units. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_93

South Residential Village Case Western Reserve University_section_13

Located between Murray Hill, Cedar, Edgehill, and Overlook roads, the South Residential Village (SRV) is home to most of Case Western Reserve's sophomore class. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_94

SRV is divided into two sections: Murray Hill Complex and Carlton Road Complex (known to students as bottom of the hill and top of the hill, respectively, due to the hill separating the two complexes). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_95

Carlton Road Complex includes three sophomore-only dormitories and several Greek life houses. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_96

Murray Hill Complex includes four sophomore only buildings and Fribley, the SRV dining hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_97

It also includes five Greek Houses. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_98

Transportation Case Western Reserve University_section_14

On and near campus, CircleLink serves as the free public shuttle service for residents, employees and visitors in University Circle and Little Italy with routes running every 20–30 minutes during service hours. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_99

Colloquially, the shuttle buses are known as Greenies. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_100

To supplement evening and nighttime hours, the Safe Ride Program provides personal pickup of students and staff upon request. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_101

For city public transit, rail and bus access are managed by the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_102

RTA passes of unlimited use are provided to undergraduate and full-time graduate students. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_103

The two Red Line rapid train stations are Little Italy–University Circle and Cedar–University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_104

Notably, the Red Line connects campus to Cleveland Hopkins Airport and Downtown Cleveland. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_105

The bus rapid transit (BRT) HealthLine runs down the center of campus along Euclid Ave. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_106

Numerous RTA bus routes run through campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_107

Case Western Reserve parking is managed by Standard Parking, and includes a network over 50 surface lots and 15 parking structures. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_108

Pay-by-phone parking is an available option for meters throughout campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_109

Academics Case Western Reserve University_section_15

Rankings Case Western Reserve University_section_16

Case Western Reserve University_table_infobox_1

University rankingsCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_0_0
NationalCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_1_0
ARWUCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_2_0 42–56Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_2_1
ForbesCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_3_0 100Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_3_1
THE/WSJCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_4_0 52Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_4_1
U.S. News & World ReportCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_5_0 42Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_5_1
Washington MonthlyCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_6_0 155Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_6_1
GlobalCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_7_0
ARWUCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_8_0 101–150Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_8_1
QSCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_9_0 162Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_9_1
THECase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_10_0 121Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_10_1
U.S. News & World ReportCase Western Reserve University_header_cell_1_11_0 155Case Western Reserve University_cell_1_11_1

In U.S. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_110 News & World Report's 2021 rankings, Case Western Reserve was ranked as tied for 42nd among national universities and 155th among global universities. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_111

The 2020 edition of The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education (WSJ/THE) rankings ranked Case Western Reserve as 52nd among US colleges and universities. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_112

In 2018, Case Western Reserve was ranked 37th in the category American "national universities" and 146th in the category "global universities" by U.S. News & World Report. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_113

In 2019 U.S. News ranked it tied for 42nd and 152nd, respectively. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_114

Case Western Reserve was also ranked 32nd among U.S. universities—and 29th among private institutions—in the inaugural 2016 edition of The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education (WSJ/THE) rankings, but ranked tied for 39th among U.S. universities in 2019. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_115

Also in 2018, "The Hollywood Reporter" ranked CWRU's Department of Theater Master of Fine Arts program with the Cleveland Play House as 18th in the English-speaking world. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_116

In 2019, this ranking improved to 12th. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_117

In 2014, Washington Monthly ranked Case Western Reserve University as the 9th best National University, but in the 2018 rankings, Case Western Reserve was ranked the 118th best National University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_118

In 2013, Washington Monthly ranked Case Western Reserve as the nation's 4th best National University for contributing to the public good. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_119

The publication's ranking was based upon a combination of factors including social mobility, research, and service. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_120

In 2009, the school had ranked 15th. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_121

Although Washington Monthly no longer ranks contributions to the public good as such, in its 2018 rankings of National Universities Case Western Reserve was ranked 180th in Social mobility and 118th in Service. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_122

In 2014, The Times ranked Case Western Reserve 116th worldwide, but in 2019 it ranked the university 132nd. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_123

In 2013, Case Western Reserve was among the Top 25 LGBT-Friendly Colleges and Universities, according to Campus Pride, a national organization that aims to make universities safer and more inclusive for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_124

The recognition follows Case Western Reserve's first five-star ranking on the Campus Pride Index, a detailed survey of universities' policies, services and institutional support for LGBT individuals. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_125

Case Western Reserve ranks 13th among private institutions (26th among all) in federal expenditures for science and engineering research and development, per the National Science Foundation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_126

Undergraduate profile Case Western Reserve University_section_17

The six most popular majors for graduates were Biomedical Engineering, Biology/Biological Sciences, Social Work, Nursing, Mechanical Engineering, and Psychology. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_127

Since 2016, the top fields for graduating CWRU undergraduate students have been engineering, nursing, research and science, accounting and financial services, and information technology. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_128

Case Western Reserve has an acceptance rate of 27% for the class of 2023. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_129

The Class of 2023 had 82 percent of students from outside the state of Ohio and 16 percent from outside the United States. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_130

70 percent graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school class. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_131

The mid-50% for SAT scores (25% - 75%) were between 1360 and 1480. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_132

The mid-50% for ACT scores was 30 to 34 (superscored). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_133

Schools and programs Case Western Reserve University_section_18

The university in its present form consists of eight schools: Case Western Reserve University_sentence_134

Case Western Reserve University_unordered_list_0

CWRU also supports over a hundred 'Centers' in various fields. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_135

Naming controversy Case Western Reserve University_section_19

In 2003, the university unveiled a new logo and branding campaign that emphasized the "Case" portion of its name. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_136

In 2006, interim university president Gregory Eastwood convened a task group to study reactions to the campaign. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_137

The panel's report indicated that it had gone so poorly that, "There appear to be serious concerns now about the university's ability to recruit and maintain high-quality faculty, fund-raising and leadership." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_138

Also, the logo was derided among the university's community and alumni and throughout northeastern Ohio; critics said it looked like "...a fat man with a surfboard." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_139

In 2007, the university's board of trustees approved a shift back to giving equal weight to "Case" and "Western Reserve." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_140

A new logo was chosen and implementation began July 1. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_141

In an open letter to the university community, interim president Eastwood admitted that "the university had misplaced its own history and traditions." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_142

Student body Case Western Reserve University_section_20

As of December 2019, the university had 5,383 undergraduate students and 6,491 graduate and professional students. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_143

The undergraduate student body hails from all 50 states and 94 countries. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_144

Research Case Western Reserve University_section_21

Case Western Reserve is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity". Case Western Reserve University_sentence_145

Following is a partial list of major contributions made by faculty, staff, and students at Case Western Reserve since 1887: Case Western Reserve University_sentence_146

Case Western Reserve University_unordered_list_1

  • Case Western Reserve was the site of the Michelson-Morley interferometer experiment, conducted in 1887 by Albert A. Michelson of Case Institute of Technology and Edward W. Morley of Western Reserve University. This experiment proved the non-existence of the ether, and provided evidence that later substantiated Einstein's special theory of relativityCase Western Reserve University_item_1_10
  • Albert A. Michelson, who became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science, taught at Case Institute of Technology. He won the prize in physics in 1907.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_11
  • Edward W. Morley, in 1895, made the most precise (to that date) determination of the atomic weight of oxygen, the basis for calculating the weights of all other elements.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_12
  • Dayton C. Miller, in 1896, performed the first full X-ray of the human body—on himself.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_13
  • George W. Crile, in 1905, performed the first modern blood transfusion, using a coupling device to connect blood vessels.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_14
  • Roger G. Perkins, in 1911, pioneered drinking water chlorination to eradicate typhoid bacilli.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_15
  • Henry J. Gerstenberger, in 1915, developed simulated infant formula.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_16
  • Claude S. Beck, in 1935, pioneered surgical treatment of coronary artery disease.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_17
  • Frederick S. Cross, in the 1950s, developed the first heart-lung machine used during open heart surgery.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_18
  • Claude S. Beck, in 1947, performed the first successful lifesaving defibrillation of the human heart and developed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).Case Western Reserve University_item_1_19
  • Robert Kearns, in 1964, invented the intermittent windshield wiper used in most modern automobiles.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_20
  • Frederick Reines, in 1965, first detected neutrinos created by cosmic ray collisions with the Earth's atmosphere and developed innovative particle detectors. Case Western Reserve had selected Prof. Reines as chair of the physics department based on Reines's work that first detected neutrinos emitted from a nuclear reactor—work for which Reines shared a 1995 Nobel Prize.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_21
  • Eric Baer, in 1967, pioneered the materials science of polymers and created the first comprehensive polymer science and engineering department at a major U.S. university.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_22
  • Joseph F. Fagan, in 1987, developed a test for infants to identify mental retardation within one year of birth.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_23
  • In 1987 the first edition of the Encyclopedia of Cleveland History was published.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_24
  • Huntington F. Willard of the School of Medicine and University Hospitals of Cleveland—collaborating with colleagues at Athersys, Inc., in 1997—created the first artificial human chromosomes, opening the door to more detailed study of human genetics and potentially offering a new approach to gene therapy.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_25
  • Roger Quinn, in 2001, developed robots such as Whegs that mimic cockroaches and other crawling insects Case Biorobotics LabCase Western Reserve University_item_1_26
  • Tshilidzi Marwala, in 2006, began work on Local Loop Unbundling in Africa. He also chaired the Local Loop Unbundling Committee on behalf of the South African Government. Furthermore, Marwala and his collaborators developed an artificial larynx, developed the theory of rational counterfactuals, computer bluffing as well as establishing the relationship between artificial intelligence and the theory of information asymmetry.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_27
  • In 2007, a team from Case Western Reserve participated in the DARPA Urban Challenge with a robotic car named DEXTER. Team Case placed as one of 36 semi-finalists. DEXTER was the only car in the race without any seating for humans, and the only one built from scratch as a robot car.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_28
  • Case Western Reserve University researchers are developing atomically thin drumheads which is tens of trillions times smaller in volume and 100,000 times thinner than the human eardrum. They will be made with the intent to receive and transmit signals across a radio frequency range which will be far greater than what we can hear with the human ear.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_29
  • Simon Ostrach and Yasuhiro Kamotani led spacelab projects entitled surface tension driven convection experiment (STDCE) aboard the space shuttle STS-50 and the re-flight STDCE-2 in USML-2 aboard STS-73 studying oscillatory thermocapillary flows in the absence of gravitational effects.Case Western Reserve University_item_1_30
  • James T'ien has contributed to the study of numerous microgravity combustion space flight experiments including the Candle Flame In Non-Buoyant Atmospheres aboard the Space Shuttle STS-50 along with the reflight to Mir Orbiting Station in 1995, the Burning and Suppression of Solids (BASS) taking place aboard the International Space Station along with the experiment reflight (BASS-2). He received the NASA Public Service Medal in 2000. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and serves on the Committee of Biological and Physical Sciences in Space. .Case Western Reserve University_item_1_31

Today, the university operates several facilities off campus for scientific research. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_147

One example of this is the Warner and Swasey Observatory at Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_148

Electrochemistry Case Western Reserve University_section_22

The Yeager Center for Electrochemical Sciences (YCES), formerly the Case Center for Electrochemical Sciences, has provided annual workshops on electrochemical measurements since the late 1970s. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_149

Related laboratories at Case include the Electrochemical Engineering and Energy Laboratory (EEEL), the Electrochemical Materials Fabrication Laboratory (EMFL), the Case Electrochemical Capacitor Fabrication Facility and the ENERGY LAB. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_150

The Editor for the Journal of the Electrochemical Society is a Case professor, and the university is home to six Fellows of the Electrochemical Society. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_151

Some notable achievements involve the work on boron-doped diamond electrodes, in-situ electrochemical spectroscopy, polybenzibidazole (PBI) membranes for fuel cells and flow batteries and electrochemical sensors. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_152

In July 2018, the University was awarded $10.75 million by the U.S. Department of Energy to establish the Energy Frontier Research Center, which will explore "Breakthrough Electrolytes for Energy Storage." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_153

Sears think[box] Case Western Reserve University_section_23

Larry Sears and Sally Zlotnick Sears think[box] is a public-access design and innovation center at Case Western Reserve University that allows students and other users to access prototyping equipment and other invention resources. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_154

The makerspace is located in the Richey Mixon building, a seven-story, 50,000 sq. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_155

ft. facility behind the campus athletic center. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_156

Over $35 million has been invested in space including in large part from a funding of $10 million from alumni Larry Sears and his wife Sally Zlotnick Sears. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_157

Larry Sears is an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at CWRU and the founder of Hexagram, Inc. (Now ACLARA Wireless Technologies). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_158

Many projects and startup companies have come out of the makerspace. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_159

Student life Case Western Reserve University_section_24

The primary area for restaurants and shopping is the Uptown district along Euclid Ave adjacent to campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_160

Cleveland's Little Italy is within walking distance. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_161

A campus shuttle runs to Coventry Village, a shopping district in neighboring Cleveland Heights. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_162

Popular with students, Downtown Cleveland, Ohio City, Legacy Village, and Shaker Square are all a short driving distance or accessible by RTA. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_163

Music Case Western Reserve University_section_25

WRUW-FM (91.1 FM) is the campus radio station of Case Western Reserve University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_164

Its motto "More Music, Fewer Hits" can be seen adorning the rear bumpers of many vehicles in the area. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_165

WRUW broadcasts at a power of 15,000 watts and covers most of Northeast Ohio 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_166

WRUW is staffed by Case Western Reserve students and community volunteers. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_167

The station's format can be classified as non-commercial "variety." Case Western Reserve University_sentence_168

Case Western Reserve is also home to 19 performing ensembles, including a cappella groups such as Dhamakapella, the Case Men's Glee Club, Case Women's Glee Club, Case in Point, Speakeasy, Bigger Than A Breadbox, and Solstice. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_169

Other ensembles include the Case/University Circle Symphony Orchestra, Camerata Chamber Orchestra, Case/CIM Baroque Orchestra, Concert Choir, Early Music Singers, Jazz Ensemble 1 and 2, Marching Spartans, Percussion Ensemble, Symphonic Winds, University Singers, Collegium Musicum, New Music Ensemble, Wind Ensemble, and Chamber Music. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_170

Case Western Reserve's main music venue is the Maltz Performing Arts Center. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_171

Case Western reserve also has two main rehearsal spaces for performing arts music majors and school ensembles. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_172

Haydn Hall contains practice rooms with Steinway pianos, along with the department offices. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_173

Denison Hall serves as a rehearsal, practice, and teaching space for the music students and school ensembles, and is attached to Wade Commons. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_174

The Cleveland Youth Wind Symphony also rehearses in Denison Hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_175

Music majors may take lessons and courses at the Cleveland Institute of Music. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_176

For performances, all students, ensembles, and cappella groups use Harkness Chapel. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_177

The bands and orchestra also perform at Severance Hall (the on-campus home of the Cleveland Orchestra) and CIM's Kulas Hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_178

Computing Case Western Reserve University_section_26

Case Western Reserve had the first ABET-accredited program in computer engineering. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_179

In 1968, the university formed a private company, Chi Corporation, to provide computer time to both it and other customers. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_180

Initially this was on a Univac 1108 (replacing the preceding UNIVAC 1107), 36 bit, one's complement machine. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_181

The company was sold in 1977 to Robert G. Benson in Beachwood, Ohio becoming Ecocenters Corporation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_182

Project Logos, under ARPA contract, was begun within the department on a DEC System-10 (later converted to TENEX (BBN) in conjunction with connection to the ARPANET) to develop a computer-aided computer design system. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_183

This system consisted in a distributed, networked, graphics environment, a control and data flow designer and logic (both hardware and software) analyzer. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_184

An Imlac PDS-1 with lightpen interrupt was the main design workstation in 1973, communicating with the PDP-10 over a display communications protocol written by Don Huff as a Master Thesis and implemented on the Imlac by Ted Brenneman. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_185

Graphics and animation became another departmental focus with the acquisition of an Evans & Sutherland LDS-1 (Line Drawing System-1), which was hosted by the DEC System-10, and later with the acquisition of the stand-alone LDS-2. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_186

Case Western Reserve was one of the earliest universities connected to the ARPANET, predecessor to the Internet. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_187

ARPANET went online in 1969; Case Western Reserve was connected in January, 1971. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_188

Case Western Reserve graduate Ken Biba published the Biba Integrity Model in 1977 and served on the ARPA Working Group that developed the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) used on the Internet. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_189

Case Western Reserve pioneered the early Free-net computer systems, creating the first Free-net, The Cleveland Free-Net, as well as writing the software that drove a majority of those systems, known as FreePort. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_190

The Cleveland Free-Net was shut down in late 1999, as it had become obsolete. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_191

It was the first university to have an all-fiber-optic network, in 1989. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_192

At the inaugural meeting in October, 1996, Case Western Reserve was one of the 34 charter university members of Internet2. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_193

The university was ranked No. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_194

1 in Yahoo Internet Life's 1999 Most Wired College list. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_195

There was a perception that this award was obtained through partially false or inaccurate information submitted for the survey, and the university did not appear at all on the 2000 Most Wired College list (which included 100 institutions). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_196

The numbers reported were much lower than those submitted by Ray Neff in 1999. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_197

The university had previously placed No. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_198

13 in the 1997 poll. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_199

In August 2003, Case Western Reserve joined the Internet Streaming Media Alliance, then one of only two university members. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_200

In September 2003, Case Western Reserve opened 1,230 public wireless access points on the Case Western Reserve campus and University Circle. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_201

Case Western Reserve was one of the founding members of OneCleveland, formed in October 2003. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_202

OneCleveland is an "ultra broadband" (gigabit speed) fiber optic network. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_203

This network is for the use of organizations in education, research, government, healthcare, arts, culture, and the nonprofit sector in Greater Cleveland. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_204

Case Western Reserve's Virtual Worlds gaming computer lab opened in 2005. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_205

The lab has a large network of Alienware PCs equipped with game development software such as the Torque Game Engine and Maya 3D modeling software. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_206

Additionally, it contains a number of specialized advanced computing rooms including a medical simulation room, a MIDI instrument music room, a 3D projection "immersion room," a virtual reality research room, and console room, which features video game systems such as Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Wii. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_207

This laboratory can be used by any student in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science department, and is heavily used for the Game Development (EECS 290) course. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_208

Case Western's Internet Technology Service also runs a High Performance Computing Cluster (HPCC) utilizing 2684 processors over 200 computer nodes interconnected with gigabit fiberoptic ethernet. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_209

The HPCC is available for research utilizing a wide array of commercial and custom scientific software packages and computer languages including: Matlab, Mathematica, Ansys CFX Fluent and ICEM, Schrödinger, LAMMPS, Gaussian, NEURON, MCell, Python, Qhull, Sundials, Charmm/qchem, Rosetta, Gromacs, NAMD, C, C++, Fortran. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_210

Housing Case Western Reserve University_section_27

Residence halls are divided into two areas: one featuring suite-style rooms for second-year students in the South Residential Village, the other featuring double, single and suite style rooms for first-year students and upperclassmen in the North Residential Village. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_211

Both have gigabit ethernet network access and the wired network is one of the fastest that exists. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_212

A wireless campus network is also available in all buildings on campus and ranked as one of the fastest by Intel in 2005. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_213

Suite style housing, known as the Village at 115th, was opened in fall 2005 for upperclassmen and features one- to nine-person, "apartment-style" residence halls that come with air conditioning, a full kitchen area, and full-sized beds. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_214

Residence Life at Case Western Reserve has a recent history of being liberal in its policies, including allowing co-ed suites (an option offered to non-freshman students, when requested and agreed upon by all occupants of a suite) and several co-ed floors for freshmen, as well as a three-day guest policy. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_215

Pets are allowed except for dogs, cats, ferrets, and a few other small mammals, but requests are granted discussion. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_216

First-year students are grouped into one of four residential colleges that are overseen by first-year coordinators. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_217

The Mistletoe, Juniper, and Magnolia residential colleges were established when the "First Year Experience" system was introduced, and Cedar was created in the fall of 2005 to accommodate a large influx of new students. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_218

In the fall of 2007, Magnolia was integrated into Mistletoe, however, it was later re-separated in the fall of 2012. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_219

The areas of focus for each college are – Cedar: visual and performing arts; Mistletoe: service leadership; Juniper: multiculturalism and Magnolia: sustainability. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_220

Magnolia now includes Clarke Tower, which also houses second year students as well as first year students. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_221

The residential colleges plan events together and are run by college councils that take student input and use it to plan social and community service-oriented activities. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_222

3rd year students who are allowed to live off campus through graduate students have several university owned, university controlled, and independent apartment options. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_223

Greek Life Case Western Reserve University_section_28

Nearly one-half of the campus undergraduates are in a fraternity or sorority. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_224

There are ten sororities and sixteen fraternities currently on campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_225

Greek organizations are governed by an Interfraternity Council and Panhellenic Council. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_226

During the 2010–2011 school year, fraternities and sororities at Case collectively raised over $45,375 for philanthropy. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_227

In September 2010, the Delta Chi fraternity joined the Greek community, achieving chapter status in October 2012. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_228

In September 2012, Pi Beta Phi sorority began a colonization effort. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_229

In the Spring of 2013, Delta Sigma Phi fraternity began colonization efforts as well. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_230

In the Spring of 2014, a colony of Pi Kappa Phi was opened. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_231

In the 2014–2015 academic year a chapter of the sorority Sigma Sigma Sigma joined the campus along with the return of the fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_232

Most recently, a colony of Alpha Gamma Delta was established in Spring 2018. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_233

Zeta Psi was suspended by its alumni board due to a slew of sexual assault allegations detailed on the Instagram page CWRU Survivors. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_234

Case's Interfraternity Council then voted to withdraw recognition of the chapter. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_235

The fraternities are: Case Western Reserve University_sentence_236

The sororities are: Case Western Reserve University_sentence_237

Safety and Security Case Western Reserve University_section_29

Office of Emergency Management Case Western Reserve University_section_30

The Office of Emergency Management prepares for various levels of emergencies on campus, such as chemical spills, severe weather, infectious diseases, and security threats. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_238

RAVE, a multi-platform emergency alerting system, is operated by Emergency Management for issuing emergency alerts and instructions for events on campus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_239

The Office of Emergency Management also performs risk assessment to identify possible safety issues and aims to mitigate these issues. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_240

Additionally, CERT is managed through Emergency Management, enabling faculty and staff members to engage in emergency preparedness. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_241

The Office of Emergency Management works closely with other campus departments, such as Police and Security Services, University Health Services, and Environmental Health and Safety, as well as community resources including city, state, and federal emergency management agencies. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_242

Police and Security Services Case Western Reserve University_section_31

Case operates a police force of sworn officers as well as a security officers. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_243

Starting as security only, the university expanded the role of protective services to include sworn officers who have arrest power and carry firearms. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_244

Some officers have additional training, such as SWAT training. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_245

On top of routine duties such as fingerprinting, traffic control, and bicycle registration, police and security also conduct investigations, undercover operations, and community outreach. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_246

Police and Security operate a fleet of vehicles, including police cruisers, scooters, and Smart cars. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_247

Police and Security are dispatched by a 24/7 campus dispatch center, responsible for emergency call handling, alarm monitoring, and video surveillance. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_248

Additionally, the dispatch center can send RAVE notifications and manages CWRU Shield, a mobile application allowing video, image, and text tips, safety checks, and viewing emergency procedures. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_249

CWRU Police also works closely with RTA transit police, University Circle Police, Cleveland Police, East Cleveland Police, Cleveland Heights Police, University Hospitals Police Department, and other surrounding emergency services. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_250

Police and Security, with conjunction with the Emergency Management Office, conduct tabletop drills and full-scale exercises involving surrounding emergency services. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_251

Emergency Medical Services Case Western Reserve University_section_32

Case Western Reserve University Emergency Medical Services (CWRU EMS) is a student-run all volunteer ambulance service and a National Collegiate Emergency Medical Services Foundation member. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_252

Covering University Circle, CWRU EMS provides free basic life support level treatment and transport to local hospitals. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_253

CWRU EMS started as a quick response service but has since become a transport service with two ambulances. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_254

Crews consist of at least at least two Ohio EMTs and receive medical direction from University Hospitals. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_255

CWRU works closely with the Office of Emergency Management and Police and Security Services. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_256

CWRU EMS is in service 5 pm to 8 am Monday through Thursday and all day Friday through Sunday. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_257

When not in service, members are dispatched to emergencies through the Active 911 application. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_258

When not in service or when additional resources are required, Cleveland EMS, Cleveland Fire, or Cleveland Heights Fire can be called. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_259

Additionally, CWRU EMS runs a semesterly EMT certification class through University Hospitals EMS Institute. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_260

The organization works with the Office of Emergency Management to host full-scale Mass Casualty Incident Drills, where other campus and public agencies participate in simulated patient treatment and incident command. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_261

Traditions Case Western Reserve University_section_33

Starting in 1910, the Hudson Relay is an annual relay race event remembering and honoring the university relocation from Hudson, Ohio to Cleveland. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_262

Conceived by then-student, Monroe Curtis, the relay race was run from the old college in Hudson, Ohio to the new university in University Circle. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_263

Since the mid-1980s, the race has been run entirely in the University Circle area. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_264

The race is a distance of 26 miles (42 km). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_265

It is held weekend before spring semester finals. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_266

Competing running teams are divided by graduating class. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_267

If a class wins the relay all four years, tradition dictates a reward of a champagne and steak dinner with the president of the university be awarded. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_268

Only six classes have won all four years—1982, 1990, 1994, 2006, 2011, and 2017. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_269

The winning classes of each year is carved on an original boulder located behind Adelbert Hall. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_270

Springfest is a day-long concert and student group festival that occurs later in the same day as Hudson Relays. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_271

The Springfest Planning Committee brings in several bands and a beer garden, student groups set up booths to entertain the student body, and various inflatable carnival-style attractions are brought in to add to the festive atmosphere. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_272

Occasionally, due to adverse weather conditions, the festival must be moved indoors, usually to Thwing Center or Adelbert Gym. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_273

Halloween at the Farm is a tradition established in the fall of 2002. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_274

Halloween at the Farm takes place at the Squire Valleevue Farm in Hunting Valley, Ohio. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_275

Students, their families, and faculty are invited to enjoy games, a bonfire, an open-air concert and hay rides. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_276

Organized by the members of the Class Officer Collective, HATF is one of the biggest events of the year. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_277

In the fall of 2009 the event was moved to the main campus and renamed "Halloween at Home". Case Western Reserve University_sentence_278

Since 1976, the Film Society of Case Western Reserve University has held a science fiction marathon. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_279

The film festival, the oldest of its type, boasts more than 34 hours of non-stop movies, cartoons, trailers, and shorts spanning many decades and subgenres, using both film and digital projection. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_280

The Film Society, which is student-run and open to the public, also shows movies on Friday and Saturday evenings throughout the school year. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_281

Athletics Case Western Reserve University_section_34

See also: Case Western Reserve Spartans and Case Western Reserve Spartans football Case Western Reserve University_sentence_282

Case Western Reserve competes in 19 varsity sports—10 men's sports and 9 women's sports. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_283

All 19 varsity teams wear a commemorative patch on their uniforms honoring Case alumnus, M. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_284 Frank Rudy, inventor of the Nike air-sole. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_285

The Spartans' primary athletic rival is Carnegie Mellon University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_286

DiSanto Field is home to the football, men's soccer, women's soccer, and track and field teams. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_287

Case Western Reserve is a founding and current member of the University Athletic Association (UAA). Case Western Reserve University_sentence_288

The conference participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division III. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_289

Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University were also founding members of the Presidents' Athletic Conference (PAC) in 1958. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_290

When the athletic departments of the two universities merged in 1971 they dominated the (PAC) for several years. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_291

The university remained a member of the PAC until 1983. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_292

In the fall of 1984 the university joined the North Coast Athletic Conference (NCAC), a pioneer in gender equality in sports, as a charter member. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_293

The 1998–99 school year marked the final season in which the Spartans were members of the NCAC. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_294

As the university had held joint conference membership affiliation with the UAA and the NCAC for over a decade. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_295

In 2014, the football team began competing as an associate member of the PAC, as only four out of the eight UAA member institutions sponsored football. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_296

The university offers ten men's sports and nine women's sports. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_297

In recent years, the Case Western Reserve baseball team has made appearances in the NCAA post-season. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_298

In 2014, the Spartans advanced to the NCAA Mid-East Regional Final before losing to Salisbury State 3–2. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_299

The 2014 team set a school record for victories in a season with 34, and also won a UAA title. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_300

In 2011, Spartan third baseman Chad Mullins was named the Player of the Year after hitting .437 with eight home runs and 71 RBIs. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_301

Mullins also ranked in the Division III national top ten in hits, runs scored, and total bases. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_302

Case Western Reserve has a long and historied cross country program. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_303

The Case Western Reserve's women's cross country team finished the 2006 season with a UAA Championship and a bid to the NCAA Championship. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_304

The Lady Spartans finished 10th in the nation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_305

The women's team went on to finish even higher at nationals in 2007, earning a sixth-place finish at the NCAA DIII national championship. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_306

Both the men's and women's Cross Country teams qualified for and competed in the NCAA DIII national championships in 2008, with the women's team coming away with two All-Americans and a 16th-place finish. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_307

In 2009, they had two All-Americans and finished 15th. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_308

In 2010, the lady Spartans finished 19th, with one all-American. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_309

From 2006 to 2010 the women's cross country team earned 8 individual All-American Titles, including current professional marathoner Esther Erb. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_310

The Case Western Reserve football team reemerged in the mid-2000s under the direction of Head Coach Greg Debeljak. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_311

The 2007 team finished undefeated earning the school's first playoff appearance and first playoff victory, winning against Widener University. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_312

The undefeated seasons continued in both 2008 and 2009, earning more UAA titles and NCAA Division III playoff appearances, helping set up an all-time school record of a 38-game regular season win streak. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_313

In 2017, the Spartans again went undefeated and advanced to the NCAA Division III playoffs, defeating Illinois Wesleyan University in the first round, before being eliminated in the second round by the Mount Union Purple Raiders, the eventual NCAA Division III national champion. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_314

In total, the team has won eight UAA football championships–1988, 1996, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2016, and 2017. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_315

In 2014, the football team began competing as an associate member of the Presidents' Athletic Conference, winning the conference in 2017. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_316

All other sports continue to compete in the University Athletic Association. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_317

In 2019, the Spartans finished 9–2, winning an outright PAC title, and earning an automatic bid to the Division III playoffs, where they were defeated in the first round. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_318

The Case Western Reserve men's soccer team finished their 2006 season with a 17–2–2 record and a UAA championship. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_319

The team reached the Sweet 16 in their first-ever NCAA Division III tournament appearance and concluded the season ranked 12th in the nation. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_320

In 2018, the Case Western Reserve men's soccer team made their deepest NCAA run ever, advancing to the NCAA Division III "Elite Eight" before falling in the quarterfinals to Calvin College, 3–1. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_321

The 2018 team finished the season with a record of 16-4-2. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_322

In 2014, the Spartan men's tennis team was ranked in the Division III Top 10 for most of the season, and advanced to the NCAA Elite Eight before falling to Middlebury College. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_323

That same year, two CWRU tennis players, Eric Klawitter and Christopher Krimbill, won the NCAA men's doubles title. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_324

CWRU has produced eight individual Division III national champions in Indoor and Outdoor Track and Field. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_325

The Case Western Reserve Ultimate Frisbee Team, although a club sport, competes against Division I teams around the country. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_326

Established in 1995, the Fighting Gobies have been successful, with the men's team taking home first place in the Ohio Valley Regional Tournament. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_327

CWRU wrestlers have won four individual Division III national titles. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_328

Notable people Case Western Reserve University_section_35

Main article: List of Case Western Reserve University people Case Western Reserve University_sentence_329

Notable alumni include Anthony Russo and Joe Russo, Hollywood movie directors, Paul Buchheit, creator and lead developer of Gmail; Craig Newmark, founder of craigslist; Peter Tippett, developer of the anti-virus software Vaccine, which Symantec purchased and turned into the popular Norton AntiVirus. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_330

Founders of Fortune 500 companies include Herbert Henry Dow, founder of Dow Chemical, Art Parker, founder of Parker Hannifin, and Edward Williams, co-founder of Sherwin-Williams. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_331

Other notable alumni include Pete Koomen, co-founder and CTO of Optimizely; Larry Hurtado, one of the leading New Testament scholars in the world; Harvey Hilbert, a zen master, psychologist and expert on post-Vietnam stress syndrome; Peter Sterling, neuroscientist and co-founder of the concept of allostasis; and Donald Knuth, a leading expert on computer algorithms and creator of the Tex (LaTeX) typesetting system. Case Western Reserve University_sentence_332

Nobel laureates Case Western Reserve University_section_36

Case Western Reserve University_table_general_2

17 Nobel laureates associated with Case Western Reserve UniversityCase Western Reserve University_table_caption_2
YearCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_0_0 RecipientCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_0_1 PrizeCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_0_2 DetailsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_0_3
1907Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_1_0 Albert A. MichelsonCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_1_1 PhysicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_1_2 First American scientist to win the Nobel PrizeCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_1_3
1923Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_2_0 John J.R. MacleodCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_2_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_2_2 Discovery of insulinCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_2_3
1938Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_3_0 Corneille HeymansCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_3_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_3_2 Carotid sinus reflexCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_3_3
1954Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_4_0 Frederick C. RobbinsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_4_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_4_2 Polio vaccine. Dean of CaseMedCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_4_3
1955Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_5_0 Polykarp KuschCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_5_1 PhysicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_5_2 BS in physics in 1931Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_5_3
1960Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_6_0 Donald A. GlaserCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_6_1 PhysicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_6_2 BS in physics in 1946Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_6_3
1971Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_7_0 Earl W. Sutherland Jr.Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_7_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_7_2 Professor and chair of pharmacologyCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_7_3
1980Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_8_0 Paul BergCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_8_1 ChemistryCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_8_2 PhD in 1952Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_8_3
1988Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_9_0 George H. HitchingsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_9_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_9_2 Professor and researcherCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_9_3
1994Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_10_0 Alfred G. GilmanCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_10_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_10_2 MD and PhD in 1969Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_10_3
1994Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_11_0 George A. OlahCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_11_1 ChemistryCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_11_2 Professor and chair of chemistryCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_11_3
1995Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_12_0 Frederick ReinesCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_12_1 PhysicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_12_2 Professor and chair of physicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_12_3
1998Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_13_0 Ferid MuradCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_13_1 MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_13_2 MD and PhD in 1965. Current trustee of CaseCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_13_3
2003Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_14_0 Paul C. LauterburCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_14_1 Physiology or MedicineCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_14_2 BS in chemistryCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_14_3
2003Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_15_0 Peter AgreCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_15_1 ChemistryCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_15_2 Instructor, 1978 Internal Medicine alumnusCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_15_3
2004Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_16_0 Edward C. PrescottCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_16_1 EconomicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_16_2 MS in operations research in 1964Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_16_3
2017Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_17_0 Richard ThalerCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_17_1 EconomicsCase Western Reserve University_cell_2_17_2 BA in economics in 1967Case Western Reserve University_cell_2_17_3

See also Case Western Reserve University_section_37

Case Western Reserve University_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Western Reserve University.