Celia Cruz

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In this Spanish name, the first or paternal family name is Cruz and the second or maternal family name is Alfonso. Celia Cruz_sentence_0

Celia Cruz_table_infobox_0

Celia CruzCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_0_0
BornCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_1_0 Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso

(1925-10-21)October 21, 1925 Havana, CubaCelia Cruz_cell_0_1_1

DiedCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_2_0 July 16, 2003(2003-07-16) (aged 77)

Fort Lee, New Jersey, U.S.Celia Cruz_cell_0_2_1

Resting placeCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_3_0 Woodlawn Cemetery (Bronx, New York)Celia Cruz_cell_0_3_1
OccupationCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_4_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_4_1
Years activeCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_5_0 1948–2003Celia Cruz_cell_0_5_1
Spouse(s)Celia Cruz_header_cell_0_6_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_6_1
Parent(s)Celia Cruz_header_cell_0_7_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_7_1
RelativesCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_8_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_8_1
GenresCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_9_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_9_1
InstrumentsCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_10_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_10_1
LabelsCelia Cruz_header_cell_0_11_0 Celia Cruz_cell_0_11_1

Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso (October 21, 1925 – July 16, 2003), known as Celia Cruz, was a Cuban singer and one of the most popular Latin artists of the 20th century. Celia Cruz_sentence_1

Cruz rose to fame in Cuba during the 1950s as a singer of guarachas, earning the nickname "La Guarachera de Cuba". Celia Cruz_sentence_2

In the following decades, she became known internationally as the "Queen of Salsa" or "The Queen of Latin Music" due to her contributions to Latin music in the United States. Celia Cruz_sentence_3

She began her career in her native Cuba, earning recognition as a vocalist of the popular musical group Sonora Matancera, a musical association that lasted fifteen years (1950-1965). Celia Cruz_sentence_4

Cruz mastered a wide variety of Afro-Cuban music styles including guaracha, rumba, afro, son and bolero, recording numerous singles in these styles for Seeco Records. Celia Cruz_sentence_5

In 1960, after the Cuban Revolution caused the nationalization of the music industry, Cruz left her native country, becoming one of the symbols and spokespersons of the Cuban community in exile. Celia Cruz_sentence_6

Cruz continued her career, first in Mexico, and then in the United States, the country that she took as her definitive residence. Celia Cruz_sentence_7

In the 1960s, she collaborated with Tito Puente, recording her signature tune "Bemba colorá". Celia Cruz_sentence_8

In the 1970s, she signed for Fania Records and became strongly associated with the salsa genre, releasing hits such as "Quimbara". Celia Cruz_sentence_9

She often appeared live with Fania All-Stars and collaborated with Johnny Pacheco and Willie Colón. Celia Cruz_sentence_10

During the last years of her career, Cruz continued to release successful songs such as "La vida es un carnaval" and "La negra tiene tumbao". Celia Cruz_sentence_11

Her musical legacy is made up of a total of 37 studio albums, as well as numerous live albums and collaborations. Celia Cruz_sentence_12

Throughout her career, she was awarded numerous prizes and distinctions, including two Grammy Awards and three Latin Grammy Awards. Celia Cruz_sentence_13

In addition to her prolific career in music, Cruz also made several appearances as an actress in movies and telenovelas. Celia Cruz_sentence_14

Her catchphrase "¡Azúcar!" Celia Cruz_sentence_15

("Sugar!") Celia Cruz_sentence_16

has become one of the most recognizable symbols of salsa music. Celia Cruz_sentence_17

Early life Celia Cruz_section_0

Úrsula Hilaria Celia de la Caridad Cruz Alfonso was born on October 21, 1925, at 47 Serrano Street in the Santos Suárez neighborhood of Havana, Cuba. Celia Cruz_sentence_18

Her father, Simón Cruz, was a railway stoker, and her mother, Catalina Alfonso Ramos, a housewife who took care of an extended family. Celia Cruz_sentence_19

Celia was one of the eldest among fourteen children, including her three siblings, Dolores, Gladys and Bárbaro, and she used to sing cradle songs to put them to sleep. Celia Cruz_sentence_20

According to her mother, she began singing as a child at 9 or 10 months of age, often in the middle of the night. Celia Cruz_sentence_21

She also sang in school during the Fridays' actos cívicos and in her neighborhood ensemble, Botón de oro. Celia Cruz_sentence_22

While growing up in Cuba's diverse 1930s musical climate, Cruz listened to many musicians who influenced her adult career, including Fernando Collazo, Abelardo Barroso, Pablo Quevedo, Antonio Arcaño and Arsenio Rodríguez. Celia Cruz_sentence_23

Despite her father's opposition and the fact that she was Catholic, as a child Cruz learned Santería songs from her neighbor who practiced Santería. Celia Cruz_sentence_24

Cruz also studied the words to Yoruba songs with colleague Merceditas Valdés (an akpwon, a santería singer) from Cuba and later made various recordings of this religious genre, even singing backup for other female akpwons like Candita Batista. Celia Cruz_sentence_25

As a teenager, her aunt took her and her cousin to cabarets to sing, but her father encouraged her to attend school in the hope she would become a teacher. Celia Cruz_sentence_26

After high school, she attended the Normal School for Teachers in Havana with the intent of becoming a literature teacher. Celia Cruz_sentence_27

At the time being a singer was not viewed as an entirely respectable career. Celia Cruz_sentence_28

However, one of her teachers told her that, as an entertainer, she could earn in one day what most Cuban teachers earned in a month. Celia Cruz_sentence_29

From 1947, Cruz studied music theory, voice, and piano at Havana's National Conservatory of Music. Celia Cruz_sentence_30

One day, her cousin took her to Havana's radio station Radio García-Serra, where she became a contestant in the "Hora del té" amateur radio program. Celia Cruz_sentence_31

It was her first time using a microphone and she sang the tango "Nostalgia" (as a tribute to Paulina Álvarez), winning a cake as the first prize for her performance. Celia Cruz_sentence_32

On other occasions she won silver chains, as well as opportunities to participate in more contests. Celia Cruz_sentence_33

She also sang in other amateur radio programs such as La suprema corte del arte, broadcast by CMQ, always winning first prize. Celia Cruz_sentence_34

The only exception was when she competed against Vilma Valle, having to split their earnings: 25 dollars each. Celia Cruz_sentence_35

In 2004, the Miami Herald revealed from partially declassified US State Department papers that Cruz had been linked to Cuba's pre-Revolution communist party, the Popular Socialist Party (PSP), as early as the 1940s. Celia Cruz_sentence_36

The article, promoted as an "exclusive", was written by Miami Herald journalist Carol Rosenberg from Freedom of Information Act requests. Celia Cruz_sentence_37

It made several revelations. Celia Cruz_sentence_38

Among them, that the US Embassy in Havana denied Cruz a US visa in 1952 and 1955 because of suspected communist affiliations. Celia Cruz_sentence_39

The article also states that Cruz had joined the youth wing of the PSP at age 20 and had used a concert to arrange a secret meeting with communists in South America on behalf of its then general secretary, Blas Roca Calderío, who was also founded the party in 1925. Celia Cruz_sentence_40

Cruz had also signed a public letter in support of one of the Party's front groups, the Pro-Peace Congress. Celia Cruz_sentence_41

The article states that Cruz's surviving husband, Pedro Knight, was asked about this, and is quoted he knew nothing about it. Celia Cruz_sentence_42

"She never told me about that. Celia Cruz_sentence_43

She never talked about politics," the article quotes Knight. Celia Cruz_sentence_44

Career Celia Cruz_section_1

First recordings Celia Cruz_section_2

Isolina Carrillo was one of the first people to recognize Cruz's ability to sing Afro-Cuban music and asked her to join her Conjunto Siboney, where Olga Guillot also sang. Celia Cruz_sentence_45

She later joined Orquesta de Ernesto Duarte, Gloria Matancera, Sonora Caracas and Orquesta Anacaona. Celia Cruz_sentence_46

From 1947, she started to sing in Havana's most popular cabarets: Tropicana, Sans Souci, Bamboo, Topeka, etc. Celia Cruz_sentence_47

In 1948, Roderico Rodney Neyra founded the group of dancers and singers Las Mulatas de Fuego (The Fiery Mulattas). Celia Cruz_sentence_48

Cruz was hired with this group as a singer, reaching great success and making presentations in Mexico and Venezuela, where she made her first recordings. Celia Cruz_sentence_49

Shortly thereafter, Cruz began to sing on musical programs at Radio Cadena Suaritos, along with a group that performed Santería music under the direction of Obdulio Morales. Celia Cruz_sentence_50

With this group, known as Coro Yoruba y Tambores Batá, she made several recordings that were later released by Panart. Celia Cruz_sentence_51

Sonora Matancera Celia Cruz_section_3

Cruz's big break came in 1950 when Myrta Silva, the singer with Cuba's Sonora Matancera, returned to her native Puerto Rico. Celia Cruz_sentence_52

Since they were in need of a new singer, the band decided to give the young Celia Cruz a chance. Celia Cruz_sentence_53

She auditioned in June, and at the end of July she was asked to join as lead singer, and thus became the group's first black frontwoman. Celia Cruz_sentence_54

In her first rehearsal with Sonora Matancera, Cruz met her future husband Pedro Knight, who was the band's second trumpeter. Celia Cruz_sentence_55

Cruz debuted with the group on August 3, 1950. Celia Cruz_sentence_56

Initially, Cruz was not received with enthusiasm by the public, but Rogelio Martínez had faith in her. Celia Cruz_sentence_57

On December 15, 1950, Cruz recorded her first songs with the group, which were a resounding success. Celia Cruz_sentence_58

Her "musical marriage" with the Sonora Matancera lasted fifteen years. Celia Cruz_sentence_59

In total Celia recorded 188 songs with the Matancera, including hits such as "Cao cao maní picao", "Mata siguaraya", "Burundanga" and "El yerbero moderno". Celia Cruz_sentence_60

She won her first gold record for "Burundanga", making her first trip to the United States in 1957 to receive the award and to perform at St. Celia Cruz_sentence_61 Nicholas Arena, New York. Celia Cruz_sentence_62

During her 15 years with Sonora Matancera, she appeared in cameos in some Mexican films such as Rincón criollo (1950), Una gallega en La Habana (1955) and Amorcito corazón (1961), toured all over Latin America and became a regular at the Tropicana. Celia Cruz_sentence_63

Exile and Tico recordings Celia Cruz_section_4

On July 15, 1960, following the Cuban Revolution, a contract for Sonora Matancera in Mexico arose. Celia Cruz_sentence_64

Cruz never imagined that she would never set foot on Cuban soil again. Celia Cruz_sentence_65

The new Cuban regime disapproved of the group accepting offers to work abroad, specifically in the United States. Celia Cruz_sentence_66

Thus, the Castro regime arbitrarily forbade her to return to Cuba. Celia Cruz_sentence_67

When she completed a month of stay in Mexico, she received the news of the death of her father Simón Cruz. Celia Cruz_sentence_68

In 1961, Cruz and Sonora Matancera left Mexico for an engagement in the United States. Celia Cruz_sentence_69

During this period, Cruz began performing solo without the group, performing at a recital at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles. Celia Cruz_sentence_70

In 1962, before the refusal of the Cuban government to allow her to return to Cuba, Cruz acquired a house in New York. Celia Cruz_sentence_71

Although she tried to return to Cuba to see her sick mother, who was struggling with terminal bladder cancer, the Cuban government denied her request to return. Celia Cruz_sentence_72

On April 7, 1962, she received the news of the death of her mother Catalina Alfonso. Celia Cruz_sentence_73

That same year, on July 14, Cruz was married in civil ceremony with Pedro Knight after a romance of several years. Celia Cruz_sentence_74

Cruz and Sonora Matancera made their first tour outside of the Americas, visiting Europe and Japan, where they performed with Tito Puente. Celia Cruz_sentence_75

In 1965, Cruz would culminate a vertiginous fifteen years with the Sonora Matancera. Celia Cruz_sentence_76

Cruz began a solo career and her husband Pedro Knight decided to leave his position at Sonora Matancera to become her representative, arranger and personal director. Celia Cruz_sentence_77

During this time, Cruz became an American citizen. Celia Cruz_sentence_78

In 1966, Cruz was contacted by Tito Puente to perform with his orchestra. Celia Cruz_sentence_79

Their first collaborative album, Son con guaguancó featured a recording of José Claro Fumero's guaracha "Bemba colorá", which became one of Cruz's signature songs. Celia Cruz_sentence_80

Cruz and Puente went on to collaborate on another four albums together. Celia Cruz_sentence_81

She also recorded albums with other musical directors such as Memo Salamanca, Juan Bruno Tarraza and Lino Frías for Tico Records. Celia Cruz_sentence_82

In 1974, Fania Records, the leading salsa record label, acquired Tico and signed Cruz to the imprint Vaya Records, where she remained until 1992. Celia Cruz_sentence_83

The Fania years Celia Cruz_section_5

Cruz's association with the Fania label had begun in 1973, when she recorded the lead vocals of "Gracia divina", a song by Larry Harlow which was part of his "Latin opera" Hommy. Celia Cruz_sentence_84

She then joined the Fania All-Stars, a salsa supergroup featuring the most popular performers of the Fania roster. Celia Cruz_sentence_85

With them, Cruz first sang "Bemba colorá" and "Diosa del ritmo" in San Juan, Puerto Rico in 1973. Celia Cruz_sentence_86

She later travelled with the group to Kinshasa, Zaire, in 1974 and returned to San Juan in 1975 for another concert. Celia Cruz_sentence_87

These live recordings were commercially released years later. Celia Cruz_sentence_88

Her performance in Zaire, as part of The Rumble in the Jungle event, was included in the film Soul Power. Celia Cruz_sentence_89

Cruz recorded her first studio album for Fania in 1974 in collaboration with Johnny Pacheco, the owner of the label. Celia Cruz_sentence_90

The album, Celia & Johnny, and its lead single, "Quimbara", were both a commercial success. Celia Cruz_sentence_91

In 1976, she participated in the documentary film Salsa about Latin culture, along with figures like Dolores del Río and Willie Colón. Celia Cruz_sentence_92

The following year she recorded her first LP with Colón, a collaboration that would be repeated with great success in 1981 and 1987. Celia Cruz_sentence_93

When touring with Colón, Cruz wore a flamboyant costume, which included various colored wigs, tight sequined dresses, and very high heels. Celia Cruz_sentence_94

Her fashion style became so famous that one of them was acquired by the Smithsonian institution. Celia Cruz_sentence_95

In the late 1970s, she participated in an Eastern Air Lines commercial in Puerto Rico, singing the catchy phrase ¡Esto sí es volar! Celia Cruz_sentence_96

(This is to truly fly!). Celia Cruz_sentence_97

Cruz also used to sing the identifying spot for WQBA radio station in Miami, formerly known as "La Cubanísima": "I am the voice of Cuba, from this land, far away...I am liberty, I am WQBA, the most Cuban!" Celia Cruz_sentence_98

(Yo soy de Cuba, la voz, desde esta tierra lejana... ¡soy libertad, soy WQBA, Cubanísima! Celia Cruz_sentence_99

). Celia Cruz_sentence_100

In 1982, Celia was reunited with the Sonora Matancera and recorded the album Feliz Encuentro. Celia Cruz_sentence_101

That year, the singer received the first tribute of her career at Madison Square Garden in New York. Celia Cruz_sentence_102

In 1987, Cruz performed a concert in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Celia Cruz_sentence_103

That concert was recognized by the publisher of the Guinness Book of Records as the largest free-entry outdoor concert, with an audience of 250,000 people. Celia Cruz_sentence_104

In 1988, she participated in the feature film Salsa alongside Robby Draco Rosa. Celia Cruz_sentence_105

In 1990, Cruz won her first Grammy Award (Best Tropical Latin Performance) for her album Ritmo en el corazón, recorded with Ray Barretto. Celia Cruz_sentence_106

She was also invited to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the Sonora Matancera in Central Park in New York. Celia Cruz_sentence_107

The decline of Fania's brand of salsa dura in favor of the emergent salsa romántica gradually brought an end to Celia's musical association with the Fania All Stars. Celia Cruz_sentence_108

Their final reunions took place in Puerto Rico (1994) and Colombia (1995), both of which were released on CD. Celia Cruz_sentence_109

Later years Celia Cruz_section_6

In 1990 Cruz managed to return to Cuba. Celia Cruz_sentence_110

She was invited to make a presentation at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. Celia Cruz_sentence_111

When she came out of this presentation she took in a bag a few grams of earth from Cuba, the same one she asked to be placed in her coffin when she died. Celia Cruz_sentence_112

In 1994, she received the National Endowment for the Arts award from the then President Bill Clinton, which is the highest recognition granted by the United States government to an artist. Celia Cruz_sentence_113

Although she had previously made musical presentations in Mexican and Cuban films, in 1992 Celia debuted as an actress in the American film Mambo Kings, along with Armand Assante and Antonio Banderas. Celia Cruz_sentence_114

A year later she made her debut as a television actress in the Mexican telenovela Valentina, along with Verónica Castro for the Televisa network. Celia Cruz_sentence_115

In 1995, Celia made a guest appearance in the American film The Perez Family, along with Alfred Molina and Anjelica Huston. Celia Cruz_sentence_116

In 1997, she starred again for Televisa in the Mexican telenovela El alma no tiene color, a remake of the classic Mexican film Angelitos negros. Celia Cruz_sentence_117

Cruz played the role of a black woman who gives birth to a white daughter. Celia Cruz_sentence_118

On October 25, 1997, the city of San Francisco, California, officially declared that date as "Celia Cruz Day". Celia Cruz_sentence_119

In 1998, she released the album Mi vida es cantar, which featured one of her most successful songs, "La vida es un carnaval". Celia Cruz_sentence_120

In 1999, she performed with Luciano Pavarotti for the Pavarotti and Friends concert. Celia Cruz_sentence_121

In 2000, Cruz released a new album under the auspices of Sony Music, Celia Cruz and Friends: A Night of Salsa, where she recorded again with Tito Puente, who died a shortly after. Celia Cruz_sentence_122

Thanks to this album, Cruz was awarded her first Latin Grammy. Celia Cruz_sentence_123

In 2001, the album Siempre viviré makes her the creditor of her second Latin Grammy. Celia Cruz_sentence_124

In that same year, she performed with Marc Anthony in a tribute to Aretha Franklin for VH1. Celia Cruz_sentence_125

In 2002, Cruz released the album, La negra tiene tumbao, where she ventured into modern variants of Caribbean rhythms, influenced by rap and hip hop. Celia Cruz_sentence_126

For this record she won her third Latin Grammy and her second American Grammy. Celia Cruz_sentence_127

On July 16, 2002, Cruz performed to a full house at the free outdoor performing arts festival Central Park SummerStage in New York City. Celia Cruz_sentence_128

During the performance she sang "Bemba Colora'." Celia Cruz_sentence_129

A live recording of this song was subsequently made available in 2005 on a commemorative CD honoring the festival's then 20-year history entitled, "Central Park SummerStage: Live from the Heart of the City". Celia Cruz_sentence_130

Cruz appeared on the Dionne Warwick albums Dionne Sings Dionne and My Friends & Me with their Latin duet version of "(Do You Know The Way To) San José". Celia Cruz_sentence_131

In March 2003, the Spanish-language television network Telemundo produced and aired a tribute special honoring Cruz, ¡Celia Cruz: Azúcar!. Celia Cruz_sentence_132

It was hosted by Puerto Rican singer Marc Anthony and Cuban-American singer Gloria Estefan. Celia Cruz_sentence_133

It featured musical performances by various Latin music and Anglo performers including Victor Manuelle, Paulina Rubio, José Feliciano, Milly Quezada, Los Tri-O, Estefan, Patti LaBelle, Arturo Sandoval, Ana Gabriel, Gilberto Santa Rosa, Tito Nieves, Albita, Johnny Pacheco, Alicia Villareal, Olga Tañón, Mikey Perfecto, José Alberto "El Canario", Rosario, Luis Enrique, Anthony and Gloria Gaynor. Celia Cruz_sentence_134

Death Celia Cruz_section_7

During a presentation in Mexico in 2002, Cruz suffered a health mishap. Celia Cruz_sentence_135

As a result of this, it was discovered that she suffered from glioma (a very aggressive brain tumor) and underwent an operation to remove it at the end of that year, to then try to resume her artistic career. Celia Cruz_sentence_136

She recorded her last album, entitled Regalo del Alma. Celia Cruz_sentence_137

In March 2003, she was paid tribute by the US Hispanic network Telemundo, which involved figures such as Gloria Estefan, Marc Anthony, La India, Gloria Gaynor and Patti LaBelle among others. Celia Cruz_sentence_138

This was her last public appearance. Celia Cruz_sentence_139

On the afternoon of July 16, 2003, Cruz died at her home in Fort Lee, New Jersey, at the age of 77. Celia Cruz_sentence_140

At her express wish, her mortal remains were first transferred to Miami for two days to receive the homage of her Cuban exile admirers, returning and finally resting in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York. Celia Cruz_sentence_141

An epilogue in her autobiography notes that, in accordance with her wishes, Cuban soil which she had saved from a visit to Guantánamo Bay was used in her entombment. Celia Cruz_sentence_142

Tributes and legacy Celia Cruz_section_8

Cruz's legacy has been honored since years before her death, including a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (1987), the asteroid name 5212 Celiacruz (1989),, the Excellence Awards at the 1990 Lo Nuestro Awards, and Celia Cruz Way in Miami (1991). Celia Cruz_sentence_143

She was also recognized with a star on Boulevard Amador Bendayán in Caracas, Venezuela, and a figure in the Hollywood Wax Museum. Celia Cruz_sentence_144

Besides, Cruz received three Honoris Causa doctorates from three universities in the United States: Yale University, Florida International University and University of Miami. Celia Cruz_sentence_145

Cruz, along with fellow Afro-Cuban musician Cachao, were inducted into the Billboard Latin Music Hall of Fame in 1994. Celia Cruz_sentence_146

She was also inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame in 1999. Celia Cruz_sentence_147

In the same year, she was presented with the ASCAP Latin Heritage Award becoming the first recipient of the accolade. Celia Cruz_sentence_148

Through a formidable work ethic, Cruz rose to the very top in her genre. Celia Cruz_sentence_149

In February 2004, her last album, Regalo del Alma, she won a posthumous award at the Premios Lo Nuestro for best salsa release of the year. Celia Cruz_sentence_150

It was announced in December 2005 that a musical called ¡Azúcar! Celia Cruz_sentence_151

would open in Tenerife before touring the world. Celia Cruz_sentence_152

The name comes from Cruz's well-known catch phrase of "¡Azúcar!" Celia Cruz_sentence_153

(“Sugar!”). Celia Cruz_sentence_154

In 2003, a music school was opened in the Bronx, named the Celia Cruz Bronx High School of Music. Celia Cruz_sentence_155

Pedro Knight visited this school before his death to meet the students and share stories about her life. Celia Cruz_sentence_156

On June 4, 2004, the heavily Cuban-American community of Union City, New Jersey heralded its annual Cuban Day Parade by dedicating its new Celia Cruz Park (also known as Celia Cruz Plaza), which features a sidewalk star in her honor, at 31st Street and Bergenline Avenue, with Cruz's widower, Pedro Knight, present. Celia Cruz_sentence_157

There are four other similar dedications to Cruz around the world. Celia Cruz_sentence_158

Cruz's star has expanded into Union City's "Walk of Fame", as new marble stars are added each spring to honor Latin entertainment and media personalities, such as merengue singer Joseíto Mateo, salsa singer La India, Cachao, Cuban tenor Beny Moré, Tito Puente, Spanish language television news anchor Rafael Pineda, salsa pioneer Johnny Pacheco, singer/bandleader Gilberto Santa Rosa and music promoter Ralph Mercado. Celia Cruz_sentence_159

On May 18, 2005, the National Museum of American History, administered by the Smithsonian Institution and located in Washington, D.C., opened "¡Azúcar! Celia Cruz_sentence_160

", an exhibit celebrating the life and music of Celia Cruz. Celia Cruz_sentence_161

The exhibit highlights important moments in Cruz's life and career through photographs, personal documents, costumes, videos, and music. Celia Cruz_sentence_162

Her biography Celia: Mi vida was also published in 2005, based on more than 500 hours of interviews with the Mexican journalist Ana Cristina Reymundo. Celia Cruz_sentence_163

The journalist and TV presenter Cristina Saralegui planned to take the story of her life to the cinema and the American actress Whoopi Goldberg, admirer of the singer, expressed her interest in representing her, but the project was cancelled. Celia Cruz_sentence_164

On September 26, 2007, through May 25, 2008, Celia, a musical based on the life of Celia Cruz, played at the Off-Broadway venue New World Stages. Celia Cruz_sentence_165

The show won four 2008 HOLA Awards from the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors. Celia Cruz_sentence_166

On March 16, 2011, Celia Cruz was honored by the United States Postal Service with a commemorative postage stamp. Celia Cruz_sentence_167

The Cruz stamp was one of a group of five stamps honoring Latin music greats, also including Selena, Tito Puente, Carmen Miranda, and Carlos Gardel. Celia Cruz_sentence_168

The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History collaborated with photographer Robert Weingarten to create an object-based portrait of Celia Cruz featuring artifacts in the museum. Celia Cruz_sentence_169

The portrait was unveiled October 3, 2012. Celia Cruz_sentence_170

On October 21, 2013, Google honored her with a Google Doodle. Celia Cruz_sentence_171

Jennifer Lopez honored Cruz with her presentation at the 41st American Music Awards ceremony. Celia Cruz_sentence_172

The singers Yuri, La India, Maluma and Aymée Nuviola did the same at the Latin American Music Awards. Celia Cruz_sentence_173

Also in 2013, Cruz was inducted into the New Jersey Hall Fame. Celia Cruz_sentence_174

In October 2015, Telemundo premiered an 80-episode docu-drama based on Cruz's life, Celia. Celia Cruz_sentence_175

In 2015, the television networks RCN Televisión and Telemundo, made the Celia a TV serie, based on the life of Celia Cruz. Celia Cruz_sentence_176

Celia was played by the actresses Jeimy Osorio and Aymée Nuviola and counted on the voice of Patty Padilla. Celia Cruz_sentence_177

In 2019, Angélique Kidjo released a tribute album to Cruz, entitled Celia, including songs spanning all of Celia's Cruz career reinvented with an Afrobeat feel. Celia Cruz_sentence_178

It features Tony Allen (musician), Meshell Ndegeocello and the Gangbé Brass Band. Celia Cruz_sentence_179

In 2018, a monument to Celia Cruz was unveiled in the Cuban Heritage Park in Hialeah, Florida. Celia Cruz_sentence_180

Also in 2018, the Celia Cruz Estate launched a brand inspired by Cruz which featured merchandise inspired and about Cruz. Celia Cruz_sentence_181

In 2019 Chilean-American poet Marjorie Agosin created a chamber music theatre performance titled "Las Magníficas" (The Magnificent Ones), based on the life of Celia Cruz and Chilean singer-songwriter Violeta Parra. Celia Cruz_sentence_182

Discography Celia Cruz_section_9

Filmography Celia Cruz_section_10

Celia Cruz_unordered_list_0

  • Salón México (Mexico, 1950)Celia Cruz_item_0_0
  • Una gallega en La Habana (Mexico, 1952)Celia Cruz_item_0_1
  • ¡Olé... Cuba! (Mexico/Cuba, 1957)Celia Cruz_item_0_2
  • Affair in Havana (USA/Cuba, 1957)Celia Cruz_item_0_3
  • Amorcito Corazon (Mexico, 1960)Celia Cruz_item_0_4
  • Salsa (Documentary, 1976)Celia Cruz_item_0_5
  • Salsa (USA, 1988)Celia Cruz_item_0_6
  • "Fires Within" (USA, 1991)Celia Cruz_item_0_7
  • The Mambo Kings (USA, 1992)Celia Cruz_item_0_8
  • Valentina (TV) (Mexico, 1993)Celia Cruz_item_0_9
  • The Perez Family (USA, 1995) Luz PatCelia Cruz_item_0_10
  • El alma no tiene color (TV) (Mexico, 1997)Celia Cruz_item_0_11
  • ¡Celia Cruz: Azúcar! (TV) (Tribute, USA, 2003)Celia Cruz_item_0_12
  • Soul Power (Documentary of Kinshasa, Zaire Music Festival 1974) (USA, 2008)Celia Cruz_item_0_13
  • CELIA, Celia Cruz Bio-Drama (2015 on Telemundo)Celia Cruz_item_0_14

Awards Celia Cruz_section_11

Grammy Awards Celia Cruz_section_12

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences in the United States. Celia Cruz_sentence_183

Celia Cruz has received two awards from fourteen nominations, as well as a non-competitive Lifetime Achievement award. Celia Cruz_sentence_184

Celia Cruz_table_general_1

YearCelia Cruz_header_cell_1_0_0 Nominee / workCelia Cruz_header_cell_1_0_1 AwardCelia Cruz_header_cell_1_0_2 ResultCelia Cruz_header_cell_1_0_3
1979Celia Cruz_cell_1_1_0 EternosCelia Cruz_cell_1_1_1 Best Latin RecordingCelia Cruz_cell_1_1_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_1_3
1983Celia Cruz_cell_1_2_0 Tremendo TrioCelia Cruz_cell_1_2_1 Best Tropical Latin RecordingCelia Cruz_cell_1_2_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_2_3
1985Celia Cruz_cell_1_3_0 De NuevoCelia Cruz_cell_1_3_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_3_2
1986Celia Cruz_cell_1_4_0 Homenaje A Beny More - Vol. IIICelia Cruz_cell_1_4_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_4_2
1987Celia Cruz_cell_1_5_0 The WinnersCelia Cruz_cell_1_5_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_5_2
1989Celia Cruz_cell_1_6_0 "Ritmo En El Corazon"Celia Cruz_cell_1_6_1 WonCelia Cruz_cell_1_6_2
1992Celia Cruz_cell_1_7_0 Tributo a Ismael RiveraCelia Cruz_cell_1_7_1 Best Tropical Latin AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_1_7_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_7_3
1993Celia Cruz_cell_1_8_0 Azúcar NegraCelia Cruz_cell_1_8_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_8_2
1995Celia Cruz_cell_1_9_0 IrrepetibleCelia Cruz_cell_1_9_1 Best Tropical Latin PerformanceCelia Cruz_cell_1_9_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_9_3
1997Celia Cruz_cell_1_10_0 "Guantanamera"Celia Cruz_cell_1_10_1 Best Rap Performance for a Duo or GroupCelia Cruz_cell_1_10_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_10_3
1998Celia Cruz_cell_1_11_0 Mi Vida Es CantarCelia Cruz_cell_1_11_1 Best Tropical Latin PerformanceCelia Cruz_cell_1_11_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_11_3
2000Celia Cruz_cell_1_12_0 Celia Cruz and Friends: A Night of SalsaCelia Cruz_cell_1_12_1 Best Salsa AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_1_12_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_12_3
2002Celia Cruz_cell_1_13_0 La Negra Tiene TumbaoCelia Cruz_cell_1_13_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_1_13_2
2003Celia Cruz_cell_1_14_0 Regalo del AlmaCelia Cruz_cell_1_14_1 Best Salsa/Merengue AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_1_14_2 WonCelia Cruz_cell_1_14_3

Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award Celia Cruz_section_13

The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is presented to those who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording. Celia Cruz_sentence_185

Celia Cruz won the award in 2016. Celia Cruz_sentence_186

Celia Cruz_table_general_2

YearCelia Cruz_header_cell_2_0_0 Nominee / workCelia Cruz_header_cell_2_0_1 AwardCelia Cruz_header_cell_2_0_2 ResultCelia Cruz_header_cell_2_0_3
2016Celia Cruz_cell_2_1_0 HerselfCelia Cruz_cell_2_1_1 Grammy Lifetime Achievement AwardCelia Cruz_cell_2_1_2 WonCelia Cruz_cell_2_1_3

Latin Grammy Awards Celia Cruz_section_14

A Latin Grammy Award is an accolade by the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry. Celia Cruz_sentence_187

Celia Cruz has won four awards out of seven nominations. Celia Cruz_sentence_188

Celia Cruz_table_general_3

YearCelia Cruz_header_cell_3_0_0 Nominee / workCelia Cruz_header_cell_3_0_1 AwardCelia Cruz_header_cell_3_0_2 ResultCelia Cruz_header_cell_3_0_3
2000Celia Cruz_cell_3_1_0 Celia Cruz and Friends: A Night of SalsaCelia Cruz_cell_3_1_1 Best Salsa AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_3_1_2 WonCelia Cruz_cell_3_1_3
2001Celia Cruz_cell_3_2_0 Siempre ViveréCelia Cruz_cell_3_2_1 Best Traditional Tropical AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_3_2_2 WonCelia Cruz_cell_3_2_3
2002Celia Cruz_cell_3_3_0 "La Negra Tiene Tumbao"Celia Cruz_cell_3_3_1 Record of the YearCelia Cruz_cell_3_3_2 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_3_3_3
Best Music VideoCelia Cruz_cell_3_4_0 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_3_4_1
La Negra Tiene TumbaoCelia Cruz_cell_3_5_0 Album of the YearCelia Cruz_cell_3_5_1 NominatedCelia Cruz_cell_3_5_2
Best Salsa AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_3_6_0 WonCelia Cruz_cell_3_6_1
2004Celia Cruz_cell_3_7_0 Regalo del AlmaCelia Cruz_cell_3_7_1 Best Salsa AlbumCelia Cruz_cell_3_7_2 WonCelia Cruz_cell_3_7_3

See also Celia Cruz_section_15

Celia Cruz_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celia Cruz.