Charanga (Cuba)

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For other uses, see Charanga (disambiguation). Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_0

Charanga (Cuba)_table_infobox_0

Music of CubaCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_0_0
General topicsCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_1_0
GenresCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_2_0
Specific formsCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_3_0
Religious musicCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_4_0 Charanga (Cuba)_cell_0_4_1
Traditional musicCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_5_0 Charanga (Cuba)_cell_0_5_1
Media and performanceCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_6_0
Music awardsCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_7_0 Beny Moré AwardCharanga (Cuba)_cell_0_7_1
Nationalistic and patriotic songsCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_8_0
National anthemCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_9_0 La BayamesaCharanga (Cuba)_cell_0_9_1
Regional musicCharanga (Cuba)_header_cell_0_10_0

Charanga is a traditional ensemble that plays Cuban dance music. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_1

They made Cuban dance music popular in the 1940s and their music consisted of heavily son-influenced material, performed on European instruments such as violin and flute by a Charanga orchestra. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_2

(Chomsky 2004, p. 199). Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_3

The style of music that is most associated with a Charanga is termed 'Danzón', and is an amalgam of both European classical music and African rhythms. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_4

Origins Charanga (Cuba)_section_0

"Scholars agree that Spain and parts of West and Central Africa provided the most crucial influences in the development of Cuban popular and religious music. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_5

But in the case of charanga, the contributions of French and Haitian influences cannot be ignored. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_6

Charanga began its history in the early nineteenth century when Haitians, both African and French, escaped the island's revolution. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_7

They brought with them a love for the French contredanse, a multi-sectional dance form that evolved into the danzón, the quintessential charanga style. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_8

Both were performed by an ensemble called an orquesta típica, a group with brass, woodwinds and timpani that performed outdoors. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_9

When the upper classes decided to dance indoors, the instrumentation was radically altered. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_10

The new ensemble was called charanga francesa. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_11

Although the word francesa literally means "French," it was used in nineteenth-century Cuba more specifically as a name for Haitian Creoles. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_12

In the charanga francesa, flutes and strings replaced the brass and woodwinds of the orquesta típica, and a small drum kit called pailas (now called timbales) replaced the booming tympany. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_13

While the orquesta típica was raucous in a New Orleans jazz fashion, the charanga francesa produced a light and somewhat effete music. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_14

The French influence extends to instrumentation for the modern charanga is based on charanga francesa." Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_15

The first charanga francesa in Cuba was formed at the turn of the twentieth century, possibly by Antonio (Papaíto) Torroella (1856–1934), whose orchestra was active by 1894. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_16

These orchestras play lighter versions of the danzón without a brass section and emphasizing flutes, violins, and piano. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_17

The percussion was provided by pailas criollas, now known as timbales. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_18

The style continued into the 1940s with flautist Antonio Arcaño and his Maravillas (Morales 2003 p13). Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_19

Charangas are still widespread today, though the danzón is considered old-fashioned. Charanga (Cuba)_sentence_20

See also Charanga (Cuba)_section_1

Charanga (Cuba)_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: (Cuba).