Chicago Public Library

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Chicago Public Library_table_infobox_0

Chicago Public LibraryChicago Public Library_table_caption_0
EstablishedChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_0_0 1873Chicago Public Library_cell_0_0_1
LocationChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_1_0 Chicago, Illinois, United StatesChicago Public Library_cell_0_1_1
CoordinatesChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_2_0 Chicago Public Library_cell_0_2_1
BranchesChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_3_0 79Chicago Public Library_cell_0_3_1
CollectionChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_4_0
SizeChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_5_0 5,721,334 volumes (July 2010, ALA data)Chicago Public Library_cell_0_5_1
Access and useChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_6_0
CirculationChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_7_0 10 millionChicago Public Library_cell_0_7_1
Population servedChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_8_0 2.8 millionChicago Public Library_cell_0_8_1
Other informationChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_9_0
BudgetChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_10_0 $106 millionChicago Public Library_cell_0_10_1
DirectorChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_11_0 Andrea TelliChicago Public Library_cell_0_11_1
WebsiteChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_12_0 Chicago Public Library_cell_0_12_1
MapChicago Public Library_header_cell_0_13_0

The Chicago Public Library (CPL) is the public library system that serves the City of Chicago in the U.S. Chicago Public Library_sentence_0 state of Illinois. Chicago Public Library_sentence_1

It consists of 80 locations, including a central library, two regional libraries, and branches distributed throughout the city's 77 Community Areas. Chicago Public Library_sentence_2

The American Library Association reports that the library holds 5,721,334 volumes, making it the 9th largest public library in the United States by volumes held, and the 30th largest academic or public library in the United States by volumes held. Chicago Public Library_sentence_3

The Chicago Public Library is the second largest library system in Chicago by volumes held (the largest is the University of Chicago Library). Chicago Public Library_sentence_4

The library is the second largest public library system in the Midwest, after the Detroit Public Library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_5

Unlike many public libraries, CPL uses the Library of Congress cataloging classification system rather than Dewey Decimal. Chicago Public Library_sentence_6

In 2019, CPL became the largest public library system in the United States to eliminate fines for borrowed overdue items. Chicago Public Library_sentence_7

All existing fines were forgiven. Chicago Public Library_sentence_8

There will still be due dates, and patrons are still required to return items or replace them to continue their borrowing privileges. Chicago Public Library_sentence_9

History Chicago Public Library_section_0

In the aftermath of the 1871 Great Chicago Fire, Londoner A.H. Burgess, with the aid of Thomas Hughes, drew up what would be called the "English Book Donation," which proposed that England should provide a free library to the burnt-out city. Chicago Public Library_sentence_10

The Chicago Public Library was created directly from the ashes of the great Chicago Fire. Chicago Public Library_sentence_11

Burgess wrote on December 7, 1871 in The Daily News that "I propose that England should present a Free Library to Chicago, to remain there as a mark of sympathy now, and a keepsake and a token of true brotherly kindness forever ..." Chicago Public Library_sentence_12

After circulating requests for donations throughout English society, the project donated 8,000 books. Chicago Public Library_sentence_13

Private donors included Queen Victoria, Benjamin Disraeli, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Robert Browning, John Stuart Mill, John Ruskin, and Matthew Arnold. Chicago Public Library_sentence_14

In Chicago, town leaders petitioned Mayor Joseph Medill to hold a meeting and establish the library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_15

The meeting led to the Illinois Library Act of 1872, which allowed Illinois cities to establish tax-supported libraries. Chicago Public Library_sentence_16

In April 1872, the Chicago City Council passed an ordinance establishing the Chicago Public Library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_17

In the rebuilding section of the city, on January 1, 1873, the Chicago Public Library officially opened its doors in an abandoned iron water tank at LaSalle and Adams Streets. Chicago Public Library_sentence_18

The collection included 3,157 volumes. Chicago Public Library_sentence_19

The water tank was 58 feet (18 m) in diameter, 21 feet (6.4 m) high and with a 30-foot (9.1 m) foundation. Chicago Public Library_sentence_20

A two-story office building was soon built around it to hold city offices, and a third floor reading room was built for the library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_21

On October 24, 1873, William Frederick Poole was elected the first head librarian by the library's board of directors. Chicago Public Library_sentence_22

Poole was mainly concerned during his tenure on building the circulation. Chicago Public Library_sentence_23

In 1874, circulation services began with 13,000 out of 17,533 available for lending. Chicago Public Library_sentence_24

The library moved from place to place during its first 24 years. Chicago Public Library_sentence_25

Eleven years it spent on the fourth floor of city hall. Chicago Public Library_sentence_26

In 1887, Poole resigned to organize the private, research Newberry Library of Chicago. Chicago Public Library_sentence_27

On October 15, 1887, Frederick H. Hild was elected the second Librarian of the Chicago Public Library and securing a permanent home was his primary drive. Chicago Public Library_sentence_28

Ten years later, the Central Library was opened. Chicago Public Library_sentence_29

Designed by the Boston firm of Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge in the same academic classical style as their building for the Art Institute of Chicago, it is located on Michigan Avenue between Washington Street and Randolph Street on land donated by the Grand Army of the Republic, a Civil War Veterans group led by John A. Logan, a Civil War General and U.S. Chicago Public Library_sentence_30

Senator from Illinois. Chicago Public Library_sentence_31

In return for the land, the Library was to maintain a Civil War collection and exhibit in a G.A.R. Chicago Public Library_sentence_32

room until the last northern Civil War veteran died. Chicago Public Library_sentence_33

The library would remain on this site for the next 96 years. Chicago Public Library_sentence_34

The building is now the Chicago Cultural Center. Chicago Public Library_sentence_35

Henry Eduard Legler assumed the leadership of the Chicago Public Library on October 11, 1909. Chicago Public Library_sentence_36

Previously a Wisconsin Progressive, he was well known as an aggressive advocate of the expansion of library service. Chicago Public Library_sentence_37

In 1916, Legler presented his "Library Plan for the Whole City," the first comprehensive branch library system in the nation. Chicago Public Library_sentence_38

A landmark in library history, the plan called for an extensive network of neighborhood library locations throughout Chicago. Chicago Public Library_sentence_39

The goal of the plan was to bring "library service within the walking distance of home for every person in Chicago who can read or wants to use books." Chicago Public Library_sentence_40

Legler was succeeded by his assistant Carl B. Roden in 1918. Chicago Public Library_sentence_41

Roden served as Chief Librarian until 1950. Chicago Public Library_sentence_42

Roden was succeeded in 1951 by Chief Librarian Gertrude E. Gscheidle. Chicago Public Library_sentence_43

During her tenure the Library expanded its service to Chicago's neighborhoods by modernizing its bookmobile services. Chicago Public Library_sentence_44

In the 1960s several new neighborhood branch libraries were constructed or were established in leased storefronts or reading rooms. Chicago Public Library_sentence_45

The two-story, 62,000-square-foot (5,800 m) Carter G. Woodson Regional Library, named after the "Father of Modern Black Historiography," opened its doors in December 1975. Chicago Public Library_sentence_46

A decade later, Chicago Public Library replaced its north side regional library when the Conrad Sulzer Regional Library opened to the public in late 1985. Chicago Public Library_sentence_47

The Woodson branch library features the Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection, one of the largest repositories of African-American archival information in the Midwest. Chicago Public Library_sentence_48

It holds the papers of many notable Chicagoans, such as John H. Sengestacke, Robert S. Abbott, Doris E. Saunders, Timuel Black, Rev. Chicago Public Library_sentence_49

Addie L. Wyatt, and numerous others. Chicago Public Library_sentence_50

In 1974, the board of directors authorized an $11 million renovation of the Central Library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_51

While the restoration of the original central library proved a great success, the collections remained warehoused outside the old library while the City debated the status of the future of the central library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_52

One plan was to move the library to the former Rothchild/Goldblatts Department Store which stood empty on Chicago's State Street and had reverted to City ownership. Chicago Public Library_sentence_53

From 1982 to 1985, Amanda Sullivan Randle Rudd rose to become the first African-American to head of the Chicago Public Library system. Chicago Public Library_sentence_54

Rudd had experienced segregated libraries during her childhood in South Carolina. Chicago Public Library_sentence_55

Her stewardship in Chicago saw a particular focus on literacy services, and she strongly mentored younger colleagues, including a future Librarian of Congress, Carla Hayden. Chicago Public Library_sentence_56

The Chicago Sun-Times editorial board and Cindy Pritzker, then President of the Library Board, launched a grassroots campaign to build a new state-of-the-art central library. Chicago Public Library_sentence_57

On July 29, 1987, Mayor Harold Washington and the Chicago City Council authorized a design and construction competition for a new, one-and-a-half block $144 million library at 400 South State Street. Chicago Public Library_sentence_58

Current services Chicago Public Library_section_1

In 1991, the Harold Washington Library Center, Chicago's new central library, named for the late mayor, opened to the public. Chicago Public Library_sentence_59

It was the world's largest municipal public library at the time of its opening. Chicago Public Library_sentence_60

It is accessible from the Brown, Orange, Purple and new Pink Line trains at the "Library" stop, from the Blue Line at the "LaSalle" and "Jackson" stops, as well as from the Red Line at the "Jackson" stop. Chicago Public Library_sentence_61

In January 1994, Mary A. Dempsey was appointed Library Commissioner by Mayor Richard M. Daley and served in that role until January 2012. Chicago Public Library_sentence_62

Under her direction, the Library launched the largest branch building program in its history, constructing or renovating 44 branch libraries; installed more than 2500 free public access computers and wifi throughout the library system; completed 2 strategic plans; established professional development and training programs for all library staff; and launched signature programs such as One Book, One Chicago; YOUmedia the museum and Ravinia free admission programs; Teen Volume; Law at the Library; and Money Smart financial literacy programs for adults and teens. Chicago Public Library_sentence_63

The library's success in revitalizing communities through branch library development was analyzed by Robert Putnam in 2003. Chicago Public Library_sentence_64

The "Charlotte Kim Scholar in Residence Program" took place from 1999–2008. Chicago Public Library_sentence_65

Scholars included Camila Alire (1999); Leigh Estabrook (2002); Kathleen de la Peña McCook (2003); Joan C. Durrance (2004); Michael Stephens (2005); Maureen Sullivan (2006); George Needham (2007) and Patricia Martin (2008). Chicago Public Library_sentence_66

The Engaged Library: Chicago Stories of Community Building published by the Urban Library Council (2006) highlights several Chicago public libraries and their efforts in strengthening the community and effectively enhancing the well-being and capacities of urban neighborhood residents, associations, non-profits and public institutions. Chicago Public Library_sentence_67

Brian Andrew Bannon was appointed as Library Commissioner in January 2012 and assumed the role in March 2012. Chicago Public Library_sentence_68

Some of the free programming the Chicago Public Library offers include: The One Book One Chicago program, The Summer Learning Challenge, Bookamania (held every November), Kids Museum Passport Program (allows patrons free admission to a variety of Chicago's world-class institutions), and Words and Music Program (which provides patrons with free lawn tickets to selected Ravinia concerts). Chicago Public Library_sentence_69

The library also offers a free homework help desk daily in order to serve struggling students after school. Chicago Public Library_sentence_70

The Chicago Public Library offers free lecture series covering a variety of topics including: Law at the Library (a free monthly lecture series that offers participants the opportunity to speak with a legal professional about a variety of legal topics), Money Smart (a series of financial literacy programs), and Author Series. Chicago Public Library_sentence_71

The Chicago Public Library provides access to a large selection of databases, most of which are also available for use at home or other remote location with a Chicago Public Library card. Chicago Public Library_sentence_72

Internet computers are available for anyone with a Chicago Public Library card. Chicago Public Library_sentence_73

Also, anyone can use the Wi-Fi on their own laptops, tablets and smartphones without a library card. Chicago Public Library_sentence_74

In June 2013, the library announced a $1 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation establishing a partnership between the Chicago Public Library and the public library system of Aarhus, Denmark. Chicago Public Library_sentence_75

That same month, the Library opened its Innovation Lab, featuring a Maker Lab with 3D software, milling machine, laser cutters, and 3D printers. Chicago Public Library_sentence_76

The space has proven highly successful in offering free access to the latest in advanced manufacturing technology and was awarded the Chicago Innovation Awards Social Innovator Award in October 2013. Chicago Public Library_sentence_77

In late 2013, a study released by the Information Science Department of Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf, Germany ranked Chicago Public Library first in the United States and third in the world, when comparing 31 major urban libraries taking leadership roles in supporting "smart cities" in a "knowledge economy." Chicago Public Library_sentence_78

Branches Chicago Public Library_section_2

Central library Chicago Public Library_section_3

Harold Washington Library Center Chicago Public Library_sentence_79

Regional libraries Chicago Public Library_section_4

North Chicago Public Library_section_5

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_0

South Chicago Public Library_section_6

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_1

Branches Chicago Public Library_section_7

North District Chicago Public Library_section_8

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_2

  • Albany Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_2
  • Austin-Irving BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_3
  • Harold Bezazian Branch (Uptown)Chicago Public Library_item_2_4
  • Bucktown-Wicker Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_5
  • Budlong Woods BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_6
  • Richard M. Daley (West Humboldt Park) BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_7
  • Dunning BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_8
  • Edgebrook BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_9
  • Edgewater BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_10
  • Galewood-Mont Clare BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_11
  • Humboldt Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_12
  • Independence BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_13
  • Jefferson Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_14
  • Lincoln-Belmont BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_15
  • Lincoln Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_16
  • Logan Square BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_17
  • Mayfair BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_18
  • John Merlo BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_19
  • North Austin BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_20
  • North Pulaski BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_21
  • Northtown BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_22
  • Oriole Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_23
  • Portage-Cragin BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_24
  • Roden BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_25
  • Rogers Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_26
  • Uptown BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_27
  • West Belmont BranchChicago Public Library_item_2_28

Central District Chicago Public Library_section_9

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_3

  • Austin BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_29
  • Back of the Yards BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_30
  • Blackstone BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_31
  • Brighton Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_32
  • Canaryville BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_33
  • Chicago Bee BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_34
  • Chinatown BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_35
  • Richard J. Daley BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_36
  • Douglass BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_37
  • Gage Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_38
  • Garfield Ridge BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_39
  • George Cleveland Hall BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_40
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_41
  • Legler BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_42
  • Little Village BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_43
  • Rudy Lozano BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_44
  • Mabel Manning BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_45
  • McKinley Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_46
  • Near North BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_47
  • Roosevelt BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_48
  • Sherman Park BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_49
  • Toman BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_50
  • Water Works OutpostChicago Public Library_item_3_51
  • West Chicago Avenue BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_52
  • West Town BranchChicago Public Library_item_3_53

South District Chicago Public Library_section_10

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_4

  • Altgeld BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_54
  • Avalon BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_55
  • Beverly BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_56
  • Brainerd BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_57
  • Chicago Lawn BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_58
  • Clearing BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_59
  • Bessie Coleman BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_60
  • Greater Grand Crossing BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_61
  • Hegewisch BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_62
  • Jeffery Manor BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_63
  • Kelly BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_64
  • Thurgood Marshall BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_65
  • Mount Greenwood BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_66
  • Pullman BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_67
  • Scottsdale BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_68
  • South Chicago BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_69
  • South Shore BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_70
  • Vodak East Side BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_71
  • Walker BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_72
  • West Englewood BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_73
  • West Lawn BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_74
  • West Pullman BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_75
  • Wrightwood-Ashburn BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_76
  • Whitney M. Young, Jr. BranchChicago Public Library_item_4_77

See also Chicago Public Library_section_11

Chicago Public Library_unordered_list_5

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Public Library.