Chicago Tribune

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"The Trib" redirects here. Chicago Tribune_sentence_0

For other newspapers with similar names, see Tribune (disambiguation). Chicago Tribune_sentence_1

Chicago Tribune_table_infobox_0

Chicago TribuneChicago Tribune_table_caption_0
TypeChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_0_0 Daily newspaperChicago Tribune_cell_0_0_1
FormatChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_1_0 BroadsheetChicago Tribune_cell_0_1_1
Owner(s)Chicago Tribune_header_cell_0_2_0 Tribune PublishingChicago Tribune_cell_0_2_1
Founder(s)Chicago Tribune_header_cell_0_3_0 James Kelly, John E. Wheeler and Joseph K. C. ForrestChicago Tribune_cell_0_3_1
Editor-in-chiefChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_4_0 Colin McMahonChicago Tribune_cell_0_4_1
Managing editorChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_5_0 Christine Wolfram TaylorChicago Tribune_cell_0_5_1
General managerChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_6_0 Par RidderChicago Tribune_cell_0_6_1
Opinion editorChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_7_0 Kristen McQuearyChicago Tribune_cell_0_7_1
Sports editorChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_8_0 Amanda KaschubeChicago Tribune_cell_0_8_1
Photo editorChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_9_0 Todd PanagopoulosChicago Tribune_cell_0_9_1
FoundedChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_10_0 June 10, 1847; 173 years ago (1847-06-10)Chicago Tribune_cell_0_10_1
LanguageChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_11_0 EnglishChicago Tribune_cell_0_11_1
HeadquartersChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_12_0 Chicago Tribune_cell_0_12_1
CountryChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_13_0 United StatesChicago Tribune_cell_0_13_1
CirculationChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_14_0 (as of March 31, 2013)Chicago Tribune_cell_0_14_1
ISSNChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_15_0 (print)
 (web)Chicago Tribune_cell_0_15_1
OCLC numberChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_16_0 Chicago Tribune_cell_0_16_1
WebsiteChicago Tribune_header_cell_0_17_0 Chicago Tribune_cell_0_17_1

The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tribune Publishing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_2

Founded in 1847, and formerly self-styled as the "World's Greatest Newspaper" (a slogan for which WGN radio and television are named), it remains the most-read daily newspaper of the Chicago metropolitan area and the Great Lakes region. Chicago Tribune_sentence_3

It had the 6th highest circulation for American newspapers in 2017. Chicago Tribune_sentence_4

In the 1850s, under Joseph Medill, the Chicago Tribune became closely associated with Illinois' favorite son, Abraham Lincoln, and with the Republican Party's progressive wing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_5

In the 20th century under Medill's grandson, Robert R. McCormick, it achieved a reputation as a crusading paper with a decidedly more American-conservative anti-New Deal outlook, and its writing reached other markets through family and corporate relationships at the New York Daily News and the Washington Times-Herald. Chicago Tribune_sentence_6

The 1960s saw its corporate parent owner, Tribune Company, reach into new markets. Chicago Tribune_sentence_7

In 2008, for the first time in its over century-and-a-half history, its editorial page endorsed a Democrat, Illinoisan Barack Obama, for U.S. president. Chicago Tribune_sentence_8

Originally published solely as a broadsheet, on January 13, 2009, the Tribune announced it would continue publishing as a broadsheet for home delivery, but would publish in tabloid format for newsstand, news box, and commuter station sales. Chicago Tribune_sentence_9

This change, however, proved to be unpopular with readers and in August 2011, the Tribune discontinued the tabloid edition, returning to its established broadsheet format through all distribution channels. Chicago Tribune_sentence_10

In December 2019, Alden Global Capital, a New York City-based hedge fund, acquired a 32% stake in shares of Tribune Publishing Company. Chicago Tribune_sentence_11

The Tribune's masthead displays the American flag, in reference to the paper's former motto, "An American Paper for Americans". Chicago Tribune_sentence_12

The motto is no longer displayed on the masthead, where it was placed below the flag. Chicago Tribune_sentence_13

History Chicago Tribune_section_0

Beginnings Chicago Tribune_section_1

The Tribune was founded by James Kelly, John E. Wheeler, and Joseph K. C. Forrest, publishing the first edition on June 10, 1847. Chicago Tribune_sentence_14

Numerous changes in ownership and editorship took place over the next eight years. Chicago Tribune_sentence_15

Initially, the Tribune was not politically affiliated, but tended to support either the Whig or Free Soil parties against the Democrats in elections. Chicago Tribune_sentence_16

By late 1853, it was frequently running xenophobic editorials that criticized foreigners and Roman Catholics. Chicago Tribune_sentence_17

About this time it also became a strong proponent of temperance. Chicago Tribune_sentence_18

However nativist its editorials may have been, it was not until February 10, 1855, that the Tribune formally affiliated itself with the nativist American or Know Nothing party, whose candidate Levi Boone was elected Mayor of Chicago the following month. Chicago Tribune_sentence_19

Medill editorship Chicago Tribune_section_2

By about 1854, part-owner Capt. Chicago Tribune_sentence_20

J. D. Webster, later General Webster and chief of staff at the Battle of Shiloh, and Dr. Charles H. Ray of Galena, Illinois, through Horace Greeley, convinced Joseph Medill of Cleveland's Leader to become managing editor. Chicago Tribune_sentence_21

Ray became editor-in-chief, Medill became the managing editor, and Alfred Cowles, Sr., brother of Edwin Cowles, initially was the bookkeeper. Chicago Tribune_sentence_22

Each purchased one third of the Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_23

Under their leadership, the Tribune distanced itself from the Know Nothings, and became the main Chicago organ of the Republican Party. Chicago Tribune_sentence_24

However, the paper continued to print anti-Catholic and anti-Irish editorials, in the wake of the massive Famine immigration from Ireland. Chicago Tribune_sentence_25

The Tribune absorbed three other Chicago publications under the new editors: the Free West in 1855, the Democratic Press of William Bross in 1858, and the Chicago Democrat in 1861, whose editor, John Wentworth, left his position when elected as Mayor of Chicago. Chicago Tribune_sentence_26

Between 1858 and 1860, the paper was known as the Chicago Press & Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_27

On October 25, 1860, it became the Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_28

Before and during the American Civil War, the new editors strongly supported Abraham Lincoln, whom Medill helped secure the presidency in 1860, and pushed an abolitionist agenda. Chicago Tribune_sentence_29

The paper remained a force in Republican politics for years afterwards. Chicago Tribune_sentence_30

In 1861, the Tribune published new lyrics by William W. Patton for the song "John Brown's Body". Chicago Tribune_sentence_31

These rivaled the lyrics published two months later by Julia Ward Howe. Chicago Tribune_sentence_32

Medill served as mayor of Chicago for one term after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Chicago Tribune_sentence_33

Years of McCormick Chicago Tribune_section_3

Under the 20th-century editorship of Colonel Robert R. McCormick, who took control in the 1920s, the paper was strongly isolationist and aligned with the Old Right in its coverage of political news and social trends. Chicago Tribune_sentence_34

It used the motto "The American Paper for Americans". Chicago Tribune_sentence_35

From the 1930s to the 1950s, it excoriated the Democrats and the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt, was resolutely disdainful of the British and French, and greatly enthusiastic for Chiang Kai-shek and Sen. Joseph McCarthy. Chicago Tribune_sentence_36

When McCormick assumed the position of co-editor (with his cousin Joseph Medill Patterson) in 1910, the Tribune was the third-best-selling paper among Chicago's eight dailies, with a circulation of only 188,000. Chicago Tribune_sentence_37

The young cousins added features such as advice columns and homegrown comic strips such as Little Orphan Annie and Moon Mullins. Chicago Tribune_sentence_38

They promoted political "crusades", with their first success coming with the ouster of the Republican political boss of Illinois, Sen. William Lorimer. Chicago Tribune_sentence_39

At the same time, the Tribune competed with the Hearst paper, the Chicago Examiner, in a circulation war. Chicago Tribune_sentence_40

By 1914, the cousins succeeded in forcing out Managing Editor William Keeley. Chicago Tribune_sentence_41

By 1918, the Examiner was forced to merge with the Chicago Herald. Chicago Tribune_sentence_42

In 1919, Patterson left the Tribune and moved to New York to launch his own newspaper, the New York Daily News. Chicago Tribune_sentence_43

In a renewed circulation war with Hearst's Herald-Examiner, McCormick and Hearst ran rival lotteries in 1922. Chicago Tribune_sentence_44

The Tribune won the battle, adding 250,000 readers to its ranks. Chicago Tribune_sentence_45

Also in 1922, the Chicago Tribune hosted an international design competition for its new headquarters, the Tribune Tower. Chicago Tribune_sentence_46

The competition worked brilliantly as a publicity stunt, and more than 260 entries were received. Chicago Tribune_sentence_47

The winner was a neo-Gothic design by New York architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. Chicago Tribune_sentence_48

The newspaper sponsored a pioneering attempt at Arctic aviation in 1929, an attempted round-trip to Europe across Greenland and Iceland in a Sikorsky amphibious aircraft. Chicago Tribune_sentence_49

But, the aircraft was destroyed by ice on July 15, 1929, near Ungava Bay at the tip of Labrador, Canada. Chicago Tribune_sentence_50

The crew were rescued by the Canadian science ship CSS Acadia. Chicago Tribune_sentence_51

The Tribune's reputation for innovation extended to radio—it bought an early station, WDAP, in 1924 and renamed it WGN (AM), the station call letters standing for the paper's self-description as the "World's Greatest Newspaper." Chicago Tribune_sentence_52

WGN Television was launched April 5, 1948. Chicago Tribune_sentence_53

These broadcast stations remained Tribune properties for nine decades and were among the oldest newspaper/broadcasting cross-ownerships in the country. Chicago Tribune_sentence_54

(The Tribune's East Coast sibling, the New York Daily News, later established WPIX television and radio.) Chicago Tribune_sentence_55

The Tribune's legendary sports editor Arch Ward created the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in 1933 as part of the city's Century of Progress exposition. Chicago Tribune_sentence_56

From 1940 to 1943, the paper supplemented its comic strip offerings with The Chicago Tribune Comic Book, responding to the new success of comic books. Chicago Tribune_sentence_57

At the same time, it launched the more successful and longer lasting The Spirit Section, which was also an attempt by newspapers to compete with the new medium. Chicago Tribune_sentence_58

Under McCormick's stewardship, the Tribune was a champion of modified spelling for simplicity (such as spelling "although" as "altho"). Chicago Tribune_sentence_59

McCormick, a vigorous campaigner for the Republican Party, died in 1955, just four days before Democratic boss Richard J. Daley was elected mayor for the first time. Chicago Tribune_sentence_60

One of the great scoops in Tribune history came when it obtained the text of the Treaty of Versailles in June 1919. Chicago Tribune_sentence_61

Another was its revelation of United States war plans on the eve of the Pearl Harbor attack. Chicago Tribune_sentence_62

The Tribune's June 7, 1942, front page announcement that the United States had broken Japan's naval code was the revelation by the paper of a closely guarded military secret. Chicago Tribune_sentence_63

The story revealing that Americans broke the enemy naval codes was not cleared by censors, and had U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt so enraged that he considered shutting down the Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_64

1948 U.S. presidential election Chicago Tribune_section_4

The paper is well known for a mistake it made during the 1948 presidential election. Chicago Tribune_sentence_65

At that time, much of its composing room staff was on strike. Chicago Tribune_sentence_66

The early returns led editors to believe (along with many in the country) that the Republican candidate Thomas Dewey would win. Chicago Tribune_sentence_67

An early edition of the next day's paper carried the headline "Dewey Defeats Truman", turning the paper into a collector's item. Chicago Tribune_sentence_68

Democrat Harry S. Truman won and proudly brandished the newspaper in a famous picture taken at St. Chicago Tribune_sentence_69 Louis Union Station. Chicago Tribune_sentence_70

Beneath the headline was a false article, written by Arthur Sears Henning, which purported to describe West Coast results although written before East Coast election returns were available. Chicago Tribune_sentence_71

Pulitzer Prizes Chicago Tribune_section_5

Colonel McCormick prevented the Tribune for years from participating in the Pulitzer Prize competition. Chicago Tribune_sentence_72

But it has won 25 of the awards over the years, including many for editorial writing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_73

The Tribune won its first post-McCormick Pulitzer in 1961, when Carey Orr won the award for editorial cartooning. Chicago Tribune_sentence_74

Reporter George Bliss won a Pulitzer the following year for reporting, and reporter Bill Jones another in 1971 for reporting. Chicago Tribune_sentence_75

A reporting team won the award in 1973, followed by reporter William Mullen and photographer Ovie Carter, who won a Pulitzer for international reporting in 1975. Chicago Tribune_sentence_76

A local reporting team won the award in 1976, and architecture critic Paul Gapp won a Pulitzer in 1979. Chicago Tribune_sentence_77

The Watergate years Chicago Tribune_section_6

In 1969, under the leadership of publisher Harold Grumhaus and editor Clayton Kirkpatrick (1915–2004), the Tribune began reporting from a wider viewpoint. Chicago Tribune_sentence_78

The paper retained its Republican and conservative perspective in its editorials, but it began to publish perspectives in wider commentary that represented a spectrum of diverse opinions, while its news reporting no longer had the conservative slant it had in the McCormick years. Chicago Tribune_sentence_79

On May 1, 1974, in a major feat of journalism, the Tribune published the complete 246,000-word text of the Watergate tapes, in a 44-page supplement that hit the streets 24 hours after the transcripts' release by the Nixon White House. Chicago Tribune_sentence_80

Not only was the Tribune the first newspaper to publish the transcripts, but it beat the U.S. Government Printing Office's published version, and made headlines doing so. Chicago Tribune_sentence_81

A week later, after studying the transcripts, the paper's editorial board observed that "the high dedication to grand principles that Americans have a right to expect from a President is missing from the transcript record." Chicago Tribune_sentence_82

The Tribune's editors concluded that "nobody of sound mind can read [the transcripts] and continue to think that Mr. Nixon has upheld the standards and dignity of the Presidency," and called for Nixon's resignation. Chicago Tribune_sentence_83

The Tribune call for Nixon to resign made news, reflecting not only the change in the type of conservatism practiced by the paper, but as a watershed event in terms of Nixon's hopes for survival in office. Chicago Tribune_sentence_84

The White House reportedly perceived the Tribune's editorial as a loss of a long-time supporter and as a blow to Nixon's hopes to weather the scandal. Chicago Tribune_sentence_85

On December 7, 1975, Kirkpatrick announced in a column on the editorial page that Rick Soll, a "young and talented columnist" for the paper, whose work had "won a following among many Tribune readers over the last two years", had resigned from the paper. Chicago Tribune_sentence_86

He had acknowledged that a November 23, 1975 column he wrote contained verbatim passages written by another columnist in 1967 and later published in a collection. Chicago Tribune_sentence_87

Kirkpatrick did not identify the columnist. Chicago Tribune_sentence_88

The passages in question, Kirkpatrick wrote, were from a notebook where Soll regularly entered words, phrases and bits of conversation which he had wished to remember. Chicago Tribune_sentence_89

The paper initially suspended Soll for a month without pay. Chicago Tribune_sentence_90

Kirkpatrick wrote that further evidence was revealed came out that another of Soll's columns contained information which he knew was false. Chicago Tribune_sentence_91

At that point, Tribune editors decided to accept the resignation offered by Soll when the internal investigation began. Chicago Tribune_sentence_92

After leaving, Soll married Pam Zekman, a Chicago newspaper (and future TV) reporter. Chicago Tribune_sentence_93

He worked for the short-lived Chicago Times magazine in the late 1980s. Chicago Tribune_sentence_94

In January 1977, Tribune columnist Will Leonard died at age 64. Chicago Tribune_sentence_95

In March 1978, the Tribune announced that it hired columnist Bob Greene from the Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_96

1980s and 1990s Chicago Tribune_section_7

Kirkpatrick stepped down as editor in 1979 and was succeeded by Maxwell McCrohon (1928–2004), who served as editor until 1981. Chicago Tribune_sentence_97

He was transitioned to a corporate position. Chicago Tribune_sentence_98

McCrohon held the corporate position until 1983, when he left to become editor-in-chief of the United Press International. Chicago Tribune_sentence_99

James Squires served as the paper's editor from July 1981 until December 1989. Chicago Tribune_sentence_100

Jack Fuller served as the Tribune's editor from 1989 until 1993, when he became the president and chief executive officer of the Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_101

Howard Tyner served as the Tribune's editor from 1993 until 2001, when he was promoted to vice president/editorial for Tribune Publishing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_102

The Tribune won 11 Pulitzer prizes during the 1980s and 1990s. Chicago Tribune_sentence_103

Editorial cartoonist Dick Locher won the award in 1983, and editorial cartoonist Jeff MacNelly won one in 1985. Chicago Tribune_sentence_104

Then, future editor Jack Fuller won a Pulitzer for editorial writing in 1986. Chicago Tribune_sentence_105

In 1987, reporters Jeff Lyon and Peter Gorner won a Pulitzer for explanatory reporting, and in 1988, Dean Baquet, William Gaines and Ann Marie Lipinski won a Pulitzer for investigative reporting. Chicago Tribune_sentence_106

In 1989, Lois Wille won a Pulitzer for editorial writing and Clarence Page snagged the award for commentary. Chicago Tribune_sentence_107

In 1994, Ron Kotulak won a Pulitzer for explanatory journalism, while R. Chicago Tribune_sentence_108 Bruce Dold won it for editorial writing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_109

In 1998, reporter Paul Salopek won a Pulitzer for explanatory writing, and in 1999, architecture critic Blair Kamin won it for criticism. Chicago Tribune_sentence_110

In September 1981, baseball writer Jerome Holtzman was hired by the Tribune after a 38-year career at the Sun-Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_111

In November 1982, Tribune managing editor William H. "Bill" Jones, who had won a Pulitzer Prize in 1971, died at age 43 of cardiac arrest as a result of complications from a long battle with leukemia. Chicago Tribune_sentence_112

In May 1983, Tribune columnist Aaron Gold died at age 45 of complications from leukemia. Chicago Tribune_sentence_113

Gold had coauthored the Tribune's "Inc." column with Michael Sneed and prior to that had written the paper's "Tower Ticker" column. Chicago Tribune_sentence_114

The Tribune scored a coup in 1984 when it hired popular columnist Mike Royko away from the rival Sun-Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_115

In 1986, the Tribune announced that film critic Gene Siskel, the Tribune's best-known writer, was no longer the paper's film critic, and that his position with the paper had shifted from being that of a full-time film critic to that of a freelance contract writer who was to write about the film industry for the Sunday paper and also provide capsule film reviews for the paper's entertainment sections. Chicago Tribune_sentence_116

The demotion occurred after Siskel and longtime Chicago film critic colleague Roger Ebert decided to shift the production of their weekly movie-review show—then known as At the Movies with Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert and later known as Siskel & Ebert & The Movies—from Tribune Entertainment to The Walt Disney Company's Buena Vista Television unit. Chicago Tribune_sentence_117

"He has done a great job for us," editor James Squires said at the time. Chicago Tribune_sentence_118

"It's a question of how much a person can do physically. Chicago Tribune_sentence_119

We think you need to be a newspaper person first, and Gene Siskel has always tried to do that. Chicago Tribune_sentence_120

But there comes a point when a career is so big that you can't do that." Chicago Tribune_sentence_121

Siskel declined to comment on the new arrangement, but Ebert publicly criticized Siskel's Tribune bosses for punishing Siskel for taking their television program to a company other than Tribune Entertainment. Chicago Tribune_sentence_122

Siskel remained in that freelance position until he died in 1999. Chicago Tribune_sentence_123

He was replaced as film critic by Dave Kehr. Chicago Tribune_sentence_124

In February 1988, Tribune foreign correspondent Jonathan Broder resigned after a February 22, 1988 Tribune article written by Broder contained a number of sentences and phrases taken, without attribution, from a column written by another writer, Joel Greenberg, that had been published 10 days earlier in The Jerusalem Post. Chicago Tribune_sentence_125

In August 1988, Chicago Tribune reporter Michael Coakley died at age 41 of complications from AIDS. Chicago Tribune_sentence_126

In November 1992, Tribune associate subject editor Searle "Ed" Hawley was arrested by Chicago police and charged with seven counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse for allegedly having sex with three juveniles in his home in Evanston, Illinois. Chicago Tribune_sentence_127

Hawley formally resigned from the paper in early 1993, and pleaded guilty in April 1993. Chicago Tribune_sentence_128

He was sentenced to 3 years in prison. Chicago Tribune_sentence_129

In an unusual move at that time, the Tribune in October 1993 fired its longtime military-affairs writer, retired-Marine David Evans, with the public position that the post of military affairs was being dropped in favor of having a national security writer. Chicago Tribune_sentence_130

In December 1993, the Tribune's longtime Washington, D.C. bureau chief, Nicholas Horrock, was removed from his post after he chose not to attend a meeting that editor Howard Tyner requested of him in Chicago. Chicago Tribune_sentence_131

Horrock, who shortly thereafter left the paper, was replaced by James Warren, who attracted new attention to the Tribune's D.C. bureau through his continued attacks on celebrity broadcast journalists in Washington. Chicago Tribune_sentence_132

Also in December 1993, the Tribune hired Margaret Holt from the South Florida Sun-Sentinel as its assistant managing editor for sports, making her the first female to head a sports department at any of the nation's 10 largest newspapers. Chicago Tribune_sentence_133

In mid-1995, Holt was replaced as sports editor by Tim Franklin and shifted to a newly created job, customer service editor. Chicago Tribune_sentence_134

In 1994, reporter Brenda You was fired by the Tribune after free-lancing for supermarket tabloid newspapers and lending them photographs from the Tribune's photo library. Chicago Tribune_sentence_135

You later worked for the National Enquirer and as a producer for The Jerry Springer Show before committing suicide in November 2005. Chicago Tribune_sentence_136

In April 1994, the Tribune's new television critic, Ken Parish Perkins, wrote an article about then-WFLD morning news anchor Bob Sirott in which Perkins quoted Sirott as making a statement that Sirott later denied making. Chicago Tribune_sentence_137

Sirott criticized Perkins on the air, and the Tribune later printed a correction acknowledging that Sirott had never made that statement. Chicago Tribune_sentence_138

Eight months later, Perkins stepped down as TV critic, and he left the paper shortly thereafter. Chicago Tribune_sentence_139

In December 1995, the alternative newsweekly Newcity published a first-person article by the pseudonymous Clara Hamon (a name mentioned in the play The Front Page) but quickly identified by Tribune reporters as that of former Tribune reporter Mary Hill that heavily criticized the paper's one-year residency program. Chicago Tribune_sentence_140

The program brought young journalists in and out of the paper for one-year stints, seldom resulting in a full-time job. Chicago Tribune_sentence_141

Hill, who wrote for the paper from 1992 until 1993, acknowledged to the Chicago Reader that she had written the diatribe originally for the Internet, and that the piece eventually was edited for Newcity. Chicago Tribune_sentence_142

In 1997, the Tribune celebrated its 150th anniversary in part by tapping longtime reporter Stevenson Swanson to edit the book Chicago Days: 150 Defining Moments in the Life of a Great City. Chicago Tribune_sentence_143

On April 29, 1997, popular columnist Mike Royko died of a brain aneurysm. Chicago Tribune_sentence_144

On September 2, 1997, the Tribune promoted longtime City Hall reporter John Kass to take Royko's place as the paper's principal Page Two news columnist. Chicago Tribune_sentence_145

On June 1, 1997, the Tribune published what ended up becoming a very popular column by Mary Schmich called "Advice, like youth, probably just wasted on the young," otherwise known as "Wear Sunscreen" or the "Sunscreen Speech." Chicago Tribune_sentence_146

The most popular and well-known form of the essay is the successful music single released in 1999, accredited to Baz Luhrmann. Chicago Tribune_sentence_147

In 1998, reporter Jerry Thomas was fired by the Tribune after he wrote a cover article on boxing promoter Don King for Emerge magazine at the same time that he was writing a cover article on King for the Chicago Tribune Sunday magazine. Chicago Tribune_sentence_148

The paper decided to fire Thomas—and suspend his photographer on the Emerge story, Pulitzer Prize-winning Tribune photographer Ovie Carter for a month—because Thomas did not tell the Tribune about his outside work and also because the Emerge story wound up appearing in print first. Chicago Tribune_sentence_149

On June 6, 1999, the Tribune published a first-person travel article from freelance writer Gaby Plattner that described a supposed incident in which a pilot for Air Zimbabwe who was flying without a copilot inadvertently locked himself out of his cockpit while the plane was flying on autopilot and as a result needed to use a large ax to chop a hole in the cockpit door. Chicago Tribune_sentence_150

An airline representative wrote a lengthy letter to the paper calling the account "totally untrue, unprofessional and damaging to our airline" and explaining that Air Zimbabwe does not keep axes on its aircraft and never flies without a full crew, and the paper was forced to print a correction stating that Plattner "now says that she passed along a story she had heard as something she had experienced." Chicago Tribune_sentence_151

The Tribune has been a leader on the Internet, acquiring 10 percent of America Online in the early 1990s, then launching such web sites as (1995), (1996), (1999), (2008), and ChicagoNow (2009). Chicago Tribune_sentence_152

In 2002, the paper launched a tabloid edition targeted at 18- to 34-year-olds known as RedEye. Chicago Tribune_sentence_153

2000s Chicago Tribune_section_8

Ann Marie Lipinski was the paper's editor from February 2001 until stepping down on July 17, 2008. Chicago Tribune_sentence_154

Gerould W. Kern was named the paper's editor in July 2008. Chicago Tribune_sentence_155

In early August 2008, managing editor for news Hanke Gratteau resigned, and several weeks later, managing editor for features James Warren resigned as well. Chicago Tribune_sentence_156

Both were replaced by Jane Hirt, who previously had been the editor of the Tribune's RedEye tabloid. Chicago Tribune_sentence_157

In June 2000, Times Mirror merged with Tribune Company making The Baltimore Sun and its community papers Baltimore Sun Media Group / Patuxent Publishing a subsidiary of Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_158

In July 2000, Tribune outdoors columnist John Husar, who had written about his need for a new liver transplant, died at age 63, just over a week after receiving part of a new liver from a live donor. Chicago Tribune_sentence_159

Tribune's Baltimore Community papers include Arbutus Times, Baltimore Messenger, Catonsville Times, Columbia Flier, Howard County Times, The Jeffersonian, Laurel Leader, Lifetimes, North County News, Northeast Booster, Northeast Reporter, Owings Mills Times, and Towson Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_160

The Howard County Times was named 2010 Newspaper of the Year by the Suburban Newspaper Association. Chicago Tribune_sentence_161

The Towson Times expands coverage beyond the Towson area and includes Baltimore County government and politics. Chicago Tribune_sentence_162

The Tribune won five Pulitzer prizes in the first decade of the 21st century. Chicago Tribune_sentence_163

Salopek won his second Pulitzer for the Tribune in 2001 for international reporting, and that same year an explanatory reporting team—lead writers of which were Louise Kiernan, Jon Hilkevitch, Laurie Cohen, Robert Manor, Andrew Martin, John Schmeltzer, Alex Rodriguez and Andrew Zajac—won the honor for a profile of the chaotic U.S. air traffic system. Chicago Tribune_sentence_164

In 2003, editorial writer Cornelia Grumman snagged the award for editorial writing. Chicago Tribune_sentence_165

In 2005, Julia Keller won a Pulitzer for feature reporting on a tornado that struck Utica, Illinois. Chicago Tribune_sentence_166

And, in 2008, an investigative reporting team including Patricia Callahan, Maurice Possley, Sam Roe, Ted Gregory, Michael Oneal, Evan Osnos and photojournalist Scott Strazzante won the Pulitzer for its series about faulty government regulation of defective toys, cribs and car seats. Chicago Tribune_sentence_167

In late 2001, sports columnist Michael Holley announced he was leaving the Tribune after just two months because he was homesick. Chicago Tribune_sentence_168

He ultimately returned to The Boston Globe, where he had been working immediately before the Tribune had hired him. Chicago Tribune_sentence_169

On September 15, 2002, Lipinski wrote a terse, page-one note informing readers that the paper's longtime columnist, Bob Greene, resigned effective immediately after acknowledging "engaging in inappropriate sexual conduct some years ago with a girl in her late teens whom he met in connection with his newspaper column." Chicago Tribune_sentence_170

The conduct later was revealed to have occurred in 1988 with a woman who was of the age of consent in Illinois. Chicago Tribune_sentence_171

"Greene's behavior was a serious violation of Tribune ethics and standards for its journalists," Lipinski wrote. Chicago Tribune_sentence_172

"We deeply regret the conduct, its effect on the young woman and the impact this disclosure has on the trust our readers placed in Greene and this newspaper." Chicago Tribune_sentence_173

In January 2003, Mike Downey, formerly of the Los Angeles Times, was hired as new Tribune sports columnist. Chicago Tribune_sentence_174

He and colleague Rick Morrissey would write the In the Wake of the News Column originated by Ring Lardner. Chicago Tribune_sentence_175

In March 2004, the Tribune announced that freelance reporter Uli Schmetzer, who retired from the Tribune in 2002 after 16 years as a foreign correspondent, had fabricated the name and occupation of a person he had quoted in a story. Chicago Tribune_sentence_176

The paper terminated Schmetzer as a contract reporter and began a review of the 300 stories that Schmetzer had written over the prior three years. Chicago Tribune_sentence_177

In May 2004, the Tribune revealed that freelance reporter Mark Falanga was unable to verify some facts that he inserted in a lifestyle-related column that ran on April 18, 2004, about an expensive lunch at a Chicago restaurant—namely, that the restaurant charged $15 for a bottle of water and $35 for a pasta entree. Chicago Tribune_sentence_178

"Upon questioning, the freelance writer indicated the column was based on an amalgam of three restaurants and could not verify the prices," the paper noted. Chicago Tribune_sentence_179

After the correction, the Tribune stopped using Falanga. Chicago Tribune_sentence_180

In October 2004, Tribune editor Ann Marie Lipinski at the last minute spiked a story written for the paper's WomanNews section by freelance reporter Lisa Bertagnoli titled "You c_nt say that (or can you? Chicago Tribune_sentence_181

)," about a noted vulgarism. Chicago Tribune_sentence_182

The paper ordered every spare body to go to the Tribune's printing plant to pull already-printed WomanNews sections containing the story from the October 27, 2004, package of preprinted sections in the Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_183

In September 2008, the Tribune considered hiring controversial sports columnist Jay Mariotti, shortly after his abrupt resignation from Tribune archrival Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_184

Discussions ultimately ended, however, after the Sun-Times threatened to sue for violating Mariotti's noncompete agreement, which was to run until August 2009. Chicago Tribune_sentence_185

Sports columnist Rick Morrissey defected to the Sun-Times in December 2009. Chicago Tribune_sentence_186

In April 2009, 55 Tribune reporters and editors signed their names to an e-mail sent to Kern and managing editor Jane Hirt, questioning why the newspaper's marketing department had solicited subscribers' opinions on stories before they were published, and suggesting that the practice raised ethical questions as well as legal and competitive issues. Chicago Tribune_sentence_187

Reporters declined to speak on the record to the Associated Press about their issues. Chicago Tribune_sentence_188

"We'll let the e-mail speak for itself," reporter John Chase told the AP. Chicago Tribune_sentence_189

In the wake of the controversy, Kern abruptly discontinued the effort, which he described as "a brief market research project." Chicago Tribune_sentence_190

In the first decade of the 21st century, the Tribune had multiple rounds of reductions of staff through layoffs and buyouts as it has coped with the industrywide declines in advertising revenues: Chicago Tribune_sentence_191

Chicago Tribune_unordered_list_0

  • In December 2005, the Tribune eliminated 28 editorial positions through a combination of buyouts and layoffs, including what were believed to be the first layoffs in the paper's history. Among the reporters who left the paper in that round were Carol Kleiman, Bill Jauss and Connie Lauerman.Chicago Tribune_item_0_0
  • In June 2007, about 25 newsroom employees took buyouts, including well-known bylines like Charles Madigan, Michael Hirsley and Ronald Kotulak, along with noted photographer Pete Souza.Chicago Tribune_item_0_1
  • In March 2008, the paper gave buyouts to about 25 newsroom employees, including sportswriter Sam Smith.Chicago Tribune_item_0_2
  • On August 15, 2008, the Tribune laid-off more than 40 newsroom and other editorial employees, including reporters Rick Popely, Ray Quintanilla, Lew Freedman, Michael Martinez and Robert Manor.Chicago Tribune_item_0_3
  • Also in August 2008, about 36 editorial employees took voluntary buyouts or resigned, including well-known bylines like Michael Tackett, Ron Silverman, Timothy McNulty, Ed Sherman, Evan Osnos, Steve Franklin, Maurice Possley, Hanke Gratteau, Chuck Osgood and Skip Myslenski.Chicago Tribune_item_0_4
  • On November 12, 2008, five editorial employees in the paper's Washington, D.C. bureau were laid off, including John Crewdson.Chicago Tribune_item_0_5
  • On December 4, 2008, about 11 newsroom employees were laid-off, with one sports columnist, Mike Downey, having departed several weeks earlier when his contract was not renewed. Well-known bylines who were laid off included Neil Milbert, Stevenson Swanson, Lisa Anderson, Phil Marty, Charles Storch, Courtney Flynn and Deborah Horan.Chicago Tribune_item_0_6
  • In February 2009, the Tribune laid off about 20 editorial employees, including several foreign correspondents, and some feature reporters and editors, although several, including Charles Leroux and Jeff Lyon, technically took buyouts. Among those who were let go were reporters Emily Nunn, Susan Chandler, Christine Spolar and Joel Greenberg.Chicago Tribune_item_0_7
  • On April 22, 2009, the paper laid off 53 newsroom employees, including well-known bylines like Patrick Reardon, Melissa Isaacson, Russell Working, Jo Napolitano, Susan Diesenhouse, Beth Botts, Lou Carlozo, Jessica Reaves, Tom Hundley, Alan Artner, Eric Benderoff, James P. Miller, Bob Sakamoto, Terry Bannon and John Mullin. That number was less than the 90 newsroom jobs that Crain's Chicago Business previously had reported were to be eliminated.Chicago Tribune_item_0_8

The Tribune broke the story on May 29, 2009, that several students had been admitted to the University of Illinois based upon connections or recommendations by the school's Board of Trustees, Chicago politicians, and members of the Rod Blagojevich administration. Chicago Tribune_sentence_192

Initially denying the existence of a so-called "Category I" admissions program, university President B. Joseph "Joe" White and Chancellor Richard Herman later admitted that there were instances of preferential treatment. Chicago Tribune_sentence_193

Although they claimed the list was short and their role was minor, the Tribune, in particular, revealed emails through a FOIA finding that White had received a recommendation for a relative of convicted fundraiser Tony Rezko to be admitted. Chicago Tribune_sentence_194

The Tribune also later posted emails from Herman pushing for underqualified students to be accepted. Chicago Tribune_sentence_195

The Tribune has since filed suit against the university administration under the Freedom of Information Act to acquire the names of students benefited by administrative clout and impropriety. Chicago Tribune_sentence_196

2010s Chicago Tribune_section_9

On February 8, 2010, the Chicago Tribune shrank its newspaper's width by an inch. Chicago Tribune_sentence_197

They said that the new format was becoming the industry standard and that there would be minimal content changes. Chicago Tribune_sentence_198

In July 2011, the Chicago Tribune underwent its first round of layoffs of editorial employees in more than two years, letting go about 20 editors and reporters. Chicago Tribune_sentence_199

Among those let go were DuPage County reporter Art Barnum, Editorial Board member Pat Widder and photographer Dave Pierini. Chicago Tribune_sentence_200

On March 15, 2012, the Tribune laid off 15 editorial staffers, including security guard Wendell Smothers (Smothers then died on November 12, 2012). Chicago Tribune_sentence_201

At the same time, the paper gave buyouts to six editorial staffers, including Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter William Mullen, Barbara Mahany and Nancy Reese. Chicago Tribune_sentence_202

In June 2012, the Tribune's Pulitzer Prize-winning cultural critic Julia Keller left the paper to join the faculty of Ohio University and to pursue a career as a novelist. Chicago Tribune_sentence_203

In September 2012, Tribune education reporter Joel Hood resigned from the paper to become a real estate broker, City Hall reporter Kristen Mack left the paper to become press secretary for Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle, and the Tribune hired Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer John J. Kim from the Chicago Sun-Times. Chicago Tribune_sentence_204

In October 2012, the Tribune's science and medicine reporter, Trine Tsouderos, quit to join a public relations firm. Chicago Tribune_sentence_205

Also in October 2012, the Tribune announced plans to create a pay wall for its website, offering digital-only subscriptions at $14.99 per month, starting on November 1, 2012. Chicago Tribune_sentence_206

Seven-day print subscribers would continue to have unlimited online access at no additional charge. Chicago Tribune_sentence_207

In late February 2013, the Tribune agreed to pay a total of $660,000 to settle a class-action lawsuit that had been filed against the paper by 46 current and former reporters of its TribLocal local-news reporting group over unpaid overtime wages. Chicago Tribune_sentence_208

The suit had been filed in federal court on behalf of Carolyn Rusin, who had been a TribLocal staff reporter from July 2010 until October 2011. Chicago Tribune_sentence_209

The paper's TribLocal unit had been formed in 2007 and uses staff reporters, freelance writers and user-generated content to produce hyperlocal Chicago-area community news. Chicago Tribune_sentence_210

On June 12, 2013, the Boston Marathon bombing moving tribute was posted again, which showed the words "We are Chicago" above the names of Boston sports teams. Chicago Tribune_sentence_211

On the graphic on June 12, the word "Bruins" was ripped off and the comment was added, "Yeah, not right now we're not", in a reference to the 2013 Stanley Cup Finals, which play the Chicago Blackhawks against the Boston Bruins. Chicago Tribune_sentence_212

Gerould Kern tweeted later that the Tribune "still supports [Boston] after all you've been through. Chicago Tribune_sentence_213

We regret any offense. Chicago Tribune_sentence_214

Now let's play hockey." Chicago Tribune_sentence_215

On November 20, 2013, the Tribune laid off another 12 or so editorial staffers. Chicago Tribune_sentence_216

On April 6, 2014, the Tribune increased the newsstand price of its Sunday/Thanksgiving Day paper by 50 percent to $2.99 for a single copy. Chicago Tribune_sentence_217

The newsrack price increased $0.75, or 42.9%, to $2.50. Chicago Tribune_sentence_218

By January 2017 the price increased again, up $1 or 40% at newsracks, to $3.50. Chicago Tribune_sentence_219

At newsstands it went up also $1, or 33.3%, to $3.99. Chicago Tribune_sentence_220

On January 28, 2015, metropolitan editor Peter Kendall was named managing editor, replacing Jane Hirt, who had resigned several months earlier. Chicago Tribune_sentence_221

Colin McMahon was named associate editor. Chicago Tribune_sentence_222

On February 18, 2016, the Tribune announced the retirement of editor Gerould Kern and the immediate promotion of the paper's editorial page editor, R. Bruce Dold, to be the Tribune's editor. Chicago Tribune_sentence_223

2020s Chicago Tribune_section_10

On February 27, 2020, the Tribune announced that publisher and editor Bruce Dold will leave the Tribune on April 30, 2020 and would step down immediately as editor in chief. Chicago Tribune_sentence_224

His replacement as editor is Colin McMahon. Chicago Tribune_sentence_225

Also, the paper announced that one of the two managing editors of the paper, Peter Kendall, would leave the Tribune on February 28, 2020. Chicago Tribune_sentence_226

Editorial policy Chicago Tribune_section_11

In a 2007 statement of principles published in the Tribune's print and online editions, the paper's editorial board described the newspaper's philosophy, from which is excerpted the following: Chicago Tribune_sentence_227

The Tribune has remained economically conservative, being widely skeptical of increasing the minimum wage and entitlement spending. Chicago Tribune_sentence_228

Although the Tribune criticized the Bush administration's record on civil liberties, the environment, and many aspects of its foreign policy, it continued to support his presidency while taking Democrats, such as Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich and Cook County Board President Todd Stroger, to task and calling for their removal from office. Chicago Tribune_sentence_229

In 2004, the Tribune endorsed President George W. Bush for re-election, a decision consistent with its longstanding support for the Republican Party. Chicago Tribune_sentence_230

In 2008, it endorsed Democratic candidate and Illinois junior U.S. Chicago Tribune_sentence_231

Senator Barack Obama—the first time that it had ever endorsed a Democrat for president. Chicago Tribune_sentence_232

The Tribune endorsed Obama once again for reelection in 2012, and in 2020 would endorse another Democrat, Joe Biden, who had served as vice president under Obama. Chicago Tribune_sentence_233

The Tribune has occasionally backed independent candidates for president. Chicago Tribune_sentence_234

In 1872, it supported Horace Greeley, a former Republican Party newspaper editor, and in 1912 the paper endorsed Theodore Roosevelt, who ran on the Progressive Party slate against Republican President William Howard Taft. Chicago Tribune_sentence_235

In 2016, the Tribune endorsed the Libertarian Party candidate, former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson, for president, over Republican Donald Trump and Democrat Hillary Clinton. Chicago Tribune_sentence_236

Over the years, the Tribune has endorsed some Democrats for lesser offices, including recent endorsements of Bill Foster, Barack Obama for the Senate and Democrat Melissa Bean, who defeated Philip Crane, the House of Representatives' longest-serving Republican. Chicago Tribune_sentence_237

Although the Tribune endorsed George Ryan in the 1998 Illinois gubernatorial race, the paper subsequently investigated and reported on the scandals surrounding Ryan during his preceding years as Secretary of State. Chicago Tribune_sentence_238

Ryan declined to run for re-election in 2002 and was subsequently indicted, convicted and imprisoned as a result of the scandal. Chicago Tribune_sentence_239

As of 2018, the Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times have taken down their websites in most European countries due to GDPR, despite the newspapers having had two years to prepare for it. Chicago Tribune_sentence_240

Tribune Company Chicago Tribune_section_12

Main article: Tribune Media Chicago Tribune_sentence_241

The Chicago Tribune is the founding business unit of Tribune Company (since renamed Tribune Media), which included many newspapers and television stations around the country. Chicago Tribune_sentence_242

In Chicago, Tribune Media owns the WGN radio station (720 AM) and WGN-TV (Channel 9). Chicago Tribune_sentence_243

Tribune Company also owned the Los Angeles Times—which displaced the Tribune as the company's largest property—and the Chicago Cubs baseball team. Chicago Tribune_sentence_244

The Cubs were sold in 2009; the newspapers spun off in 2014 as Tribune Publishing and, later, Tronc. Chicago Tribune_sentence_245

Tribune Company owned the New York Daily News from its 1919 founding until its 1991 sale to British newspaper magnate Robert Maxwell. Chicago Tribune_sentence_246

The founder of the News, Capt. Chicago Tribune_sentence_247

Joseph Medill Patterson, was a grandson of Joseph Medill and a cousin of Tribune editor Robert McCormick. Chicago Tribune_sentence_248

Both Patterson and McCormick were enthusiasts of simplified spelling, another hallmark of their papers for many years. Chicago Tribune_sentence_249

In 2008, the Tribune Company sold the Long Island newspaper Newsday—founded in 1940 by Patterson's daughter (and Medill's great-granddaughter), Alicia Patterson—to Long Island cable TV company Cablevision. Chicago Tribune_sentence_250

From 1925 to 2018, the Chicago Tribune was housed in the Tribune Tower on North Michigan Avenue on the Magnificent Mile. Chicago Tribune_sentence_251

The building is neo-Gothic in style, and the design was the winner of an international competition hosted by the Tribune. Chicago Tribune_sentence_252

The Chicago Tribune moved in June 2018 to the Prudential Plaza office complex overlooking Millennium Park after Tribune Media sold Tribune Tower to developers. Chicago Tribune_sentence_253

Columnists Chicago Tribune_section_13

2008 redesign Chicago Tribune_section_14

The September 2008 redesign (discussed here on the Tribune's web site) was controversial and is largely regarded as an effort in cost-cutting. Chicago Tribune_sentence_254

Since then the newspaper has returned to a more toned down style. Chicago Tribune_sentence_255

The style is more a mix of the old style and a new modern style. Chicago Tribune_sentence_256

Zell ownership and bankruptcy Chicago Tribune_section_15

In December 2007, the Tribune Company was bought out by Chicago real estate magnate Sam Zell in an $8.2 billion deal. Chicago Tribune_sentence_257

Zell was the company's new chairman. Chicago Tribune_sentence_258

A year after going private, following a $124 million third-quarter loss, the Tribune Company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on December 8, 2008. Chicago Tribune_sentence_259

The company made its filing with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware, citing a debt of $13 billion and assets of $7.6 billion. Chicago Tribune_sentence_260

Sam Zell originally planned to turn the company into a private company through the creation of an ESOP (employee stock ownership plan) within the company, but due to poor management that existed prior to his ownership, this did not work out as well as he intended. Chicago Tribune_sentence_261

As part of its bankruptcy plan, owner Sam Zell intended to sell the Cubs to reduce debt. Chicago Tribune_sentence_262

This sale has become linked to the corruption charges leading to the December 9, 2008, arrest of former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Chicago Tribune_sentence_263

Specifically, the ex-governor was accused of exploiting the paper's financial trouble in an effort to have several editors fired. Chicago Tribune_sentence_264

In the bankruptcy, unsecured bondholders of Tribune Co. essentially claimed that ordinary Tribune shareholders participated in a "fraudulent transfer" of wealth. Chicago Tribune_sentence_265

The law firm Brown Rudnick, representing the Aurelius group of junior creditors, filed fraudulent transfer claims and fraud claims against 33,000 to 35,000 stockholders who bought Tribune stock. Chicago Tribune_sentence_266

Prolonged due to these claims against former officers, directors, and every former stockholder of the Chicago Tribune Company, the Tribune's bankruptcy-related legal and professional fees of $500 million were more than twice the usual amount for that size of company. Chicago Tribune_sentence_267

The Tribune Co. emerged from bankruptcy in January 2013, partially owned by private equity firms which had speculated on its distressed debt. Chicago Tribune_sentence_268

The reorganized company's plan included selling off many of its assets. Chicago Tribune_sentence_269

Tribune Publishing divestment Chicago Tribune_section_16

Tribune Publishing, owning the Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, and eight other newspapers, was spun off as a separate publicly traded company in August 2014. Chicago Tribune_sentence_270

The parent Tribune Company was renamed Tribune Media. Chicago Tribune_sentence_271

Tribune Publishing started life with a $350 million loan, $275 million of which was paid as a dividend to Tribune Media. Chicago Tribune_sentence_272

The publishing company was also due to lease its office space from Tribune Media for $30 million per year through 2017. Chicago Tribune_sentence_273

Spinning off Tribune Publishing avoided the capital gains taxes that would accrue from selling those assets. Chicago Tribune_sentence_274

The shares in Tribune Publishing were given tax-free to stakeholders in Tribune Media, the largest shareholder was Oaktree Capital Management with 18.5%. Chicago Tribune_sentence_275

Tribune Media, retaining the non-newspaper broadcasting, entertainment, real estate, and other investments, also sold off some of the non-newspaper properties. Chicago Tribune_sentence_276

See also Chicago Tribune_section_17

Chicago Tribune_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Tribune.