|Birth name||Armando Anthony Corea|
|Born||(1941-06-12) June 12, 1941 (age 79)
Chelsea, Massachusetts, U.S.
Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea (born June 12, 1941) is an American jazz pianist/electric keyboardist and composer.
In the 1970s he formed the fusion band Return to Forever.
Corea continued to pursue other collaborations and to explore musical styles throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
He is also known for promoting and fundraising for a number of social issues.
Corea has won 23 Grammy Awards and been nominated over 60 times.
Early life and education
Armando Corea was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.
He is of southern Italian descent.
His father, a jazz trumpeter who led a Dixieland band in Boston in the 1930s and 1940s, introduced him to the piano at the age of four.
When he was eight, he took up drums, which would influence his use of the piano as a percussion instrument.
Corea developed his piano skills by exploring music on his own.
A notable influence was concert pianist Salvatore Sullo, from whom Corea started taking lessons at age eight and who introduced him to classical music, helping spark his interest in musical composition.
He also spent several years as a performer and soloist for the St. Rose Scarlet Lancers, a drum and bugle corps based in Chelsea.
Given a black tuxedo by his father, he started playing gigs when in high school.
He enjoyed listening to Herb Pomeroy's band at the time and had a trio that played Horace Silver's music at a local jazz club.
He quit after finding both disappointing, but remained in New York City.
He released his debut album, Tones for Joan's Bones, in 1966.
In live performance he frequently processed the output of his electric piano with a device called a ring modulator.
Using this style, he appeared on multiple Davis albums, including Black Beauty: Live at the Fillmore West and Miles Davis at Fillmore: Live at the Fillmore East.
His live performances with the Davis band continued into 1970, with a touring band of Steve Grossman, tenor sax, Keith Jarrett, additional electric piano and organ, Jack DeJohnette, drums, Dave Holland, bass, Airto Moreira, percussion, and Davis on trumpet.
Holland and Corea left to form their own group, Circle, active in 1970 and 1971.
Aside from soloing in an atonal style, Corea sometimes reached into the body of the piano and plucked the strings.
In 1971 or 1972 Corea struck out on his own.
Named after their eponymous 1972 album, Corea's Return to Forever relied on both acoustic and electronic instrumentation and drew upon Latin American styles more than on rock music.
Drummer Lenny White and guitarist Bill Connors later joined Corea and Clarke to form the second version of the group, which expanded the earlier Latin jazz elements with a more rock and funk-oriented sound inspired by the Mahavishnu Orchestra, led by his Bitches Brew bandmate John McLaughlin.
This incarnation of the group recorded the album Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy, before Connors' departure and replacement by Al Di Meola, who was present on the subsequent releases Where Have I Known You Before, No Mystery, and Romantic Warrior.
They reunited in 2006 for a concert tour.
A new record called The New Crystal Silence was issued in 2008 and won a Grammy Award in 2009.
The package includes a disc of duets and another disc with the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.
Toward the end of the 1970s, Corea embarked on a series of concerts and two albums with Herbie Hancock.
These concerts were presented in elegant settings with both pianists dressed formally and performing on Yamaha concert grand pianos.
The two traded playing each other's compositions, as well as pieces by other composers such as Béla Bartók.
In 1982, Corea performed The Meeting, a live duet with the classical pianist Friedrich Gulda.
In December 2007 Corea recorded a duet album, The Enchantment, with banjoist Béla Fleck.
Fleck and Corea toured extensively for the album in 2007.
Fleck was nominated in the Best Instrumental Composition category at the 49th Grammy Awards for the track "Spectacle".
In 2008 Corea collaborated with Japanese pianist Hiromi Uehara on the live album Duet (Chick Corea and Hiromi).
The duo played a concert at Tokyo's Budokan arena on April 30.
In 2015 he reprised the duet concert series with Hancock, again sticking to a dueling-piano format, though both also had synthesizers at their station.
The first concert in this series was played at the Paramount Theatre in Seattle and included improvised music, songs by the duo, and standards by other composers.
Corea's other bands include the Chick Corea Elektric Band, its traditional jazz trio reduction called Akoustic Band, Origin, and its traditional jazz trio reduction called the New Trio.
Corea signed a record deal with GRP Records in 1986 which led to the release of ten albums between 1986 and 1994, seven with the Elektric Band, two with the Akoustic Band, and a solo album, Expressions.
It marked a turn back toward traditional jazz in Corea's career, and the bulk of his subsequent recordings have been acoustic.
The Akoustic Band has toured intermittently, internationally since 1986.
They provided the music for the 1986 Pixar short Luxo Jr. with their song "The Game Maker".
In 1992, Corea started his own label, Stretch Records.
The rest of the tunes are Corea originals.
During the latter part of his career, Corea became more interested in contemporary classical music.
Five years later he composed his first work without keyboards: his String Quartet No.
Corea has continued releasing jazz fusion concept albums such as To the Stars (2004) and Ultimate Adventure (2006).
The latter album won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group.
In 2008, the third version of Return to Forever (Corea, keyboards; Stanley Clarke, bass; Lenny White, drums; Al Di Meola, guitar) reunited for a worldwide tour.
The reunion received positive reviews from jazz and mainstream publications.
Most of the group's studio recordings were re-released on the compilation Return to Forever: The Anthology to coincide with the tour.
A concert DVD recorded during their performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival was released in May 2009.
A new group, the Five Peace Band, began a world tour in October 2008.
Corea had worked with McLaughlin in Davis's late 1960s bands, including the group that recorded Davis's album Bitches Brew.
The variety of Corea's music was celebrated in a 2011 retrospective with Corea playing with the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts; a New York Times reviewer had high praise for the occasion: "Mr. Corea was masterly with the other musicians, absorbing the rhythm and feeding the soloists.
It sounded like a band, and Mr. Corea had no need to dominate; his authority was clear without raising volume."
A new band for 2013, Chick Corea & The Vigil, featured Corea with bassist Hadrien Feraud, Marcus Gilmore on drums (carrying on from his grandfather, Roy Haynes), saxes, flute, and bass clarinet from Tim Garland, and guitarist Charles Altura.
Corea celebrated his 75th birthday in 2016 by playing with more than 20 different groups during a six-week stand at the Blue Note Jazz Club in Greenwich Village, New York City.
"I pretty well ignore the numbers that make up 'age'.
It seems to be the best way to go.
I have always just concentrated on having the most fun I can with the adventure of music."
Corea said that Scientology became a profound influence on his musical direction in the early 1970s: "I no longer wanted to satisfy myself.
I really want to connect with the world and make my music mean something to people."
In 1993, Corea was excluded from a concert during the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Germany.
The concert's organizers excluded Corea after the state government of Baden-Württemberg had announced it would review its subsidies for events featuring avowed members of Scientology.
After Corea's complaint against this policy before the administrative court was unsuccessful in 1996, members of the United States Congress decried a violation of Corea's human rights in a letter to the German government.
Corea is not banned from performing in Germany, however, and had several appearances at the government-supported International Jazz Festival in Burghausen, where he was awarded a plaque in Burghausen's "Street of Fame" in 2011.
Main article: Chick Corea discography
Awards and honors
- Chick Corea has won 23 Grammy Awards and been nominated over 60 times.
|2007||Best Instrumental Album||The Enchantment (with Béla Fleck)|
|2011||Best Instrumental Album||Forever (with Stanley Clarke and Lenny White)|
- His 1968 album Now He Sings, Now He Sobs was inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999.
- In 1997, he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music.
- In 2010, he was named Doctor Honoris Causa at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).
- Rusty Edwards, a hymn writer, with whom Corea has collaborated
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chick Corea.