Chick Corea

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Chick Corea_table_infobox_0

Chick CoreaChick Corea_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationChick Corea_header_cell_0_1_0
Birth nameChick Corea_header_cell_0_2_0 Armando Anthony CoreaChick Corea_cell_0_2_1
BornChick Corea_header_cell_0_3_0 (1941-06-12) June 12, 1941 (age 79)

Chelsea, Massachusetts, U.S.Chick Corea_cell_0_3_1

GenresChick Corea_header_cell_0_4_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_4_1
Occupation(s)Chick Corea_header_cell_0_5_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_5_1
InstrumentsChick Corea_header_cell_0_6_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_6_1
Years activeChick Corea_header_cell_0_7_0 1962–presentChick Corea_cell_0_7_1
LabelsChick Corea_header_cell_0_8_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_8_1
Associated actsChick Corea_header_cell_0_9_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_9_1
WebsiteChick Corea_header_cell_0_10_0 Chick Corea_cell_0_10_1

Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea (born June 12, 1941) is an American jazz pianist/electric keyboardist and composer. Chick Corea_sentence_0

His compositions "Spain", "500 Miles High", "La Fiesta", "Armando's Rhumba" and "Windows", are considered jazz standards. Chick Corea_sentence_1

As a member of Miles Davis's band in the late 1960s, he participated in the birth of jazz fusion. Chick Corea_sentence_2

In the 1970s he formed the fusion band Return to Forever. Chick Corea_sentence_3

With Herbie Hancock, McCoy Tyner, Keith Jarrett and Bill Evans, he has been described as one of the major jazz piano voices to emerge in the post-John Coltrane era. Chick Corea_sentence_4

Corea continued to pursue other collaborations and to explore musical styles throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Chick Corea_sentence_5

He is also known for promoting and fundraising for a number of social issues. Chick Corea_sentence_6

Corea has won 23 Grammy Awards and been nominated over 60 times. Chick Corea_sentence_7

Early life and education Chick Corea_section_0

Armando Corea was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts. Chick Corea_sentence_8

He is of southern Italian descent. Chick Corea_sentence_9

His father, a jazz trumpeter who led a Dixieland band in Boston in the 1930s and 1940s, introduced him to the piano at the age of four. Chick Corea_sentence_10

Surrounded by jazz, he was influenced at an early age by bebop and Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Horace Silver, and Lester Young. Chick Corea_sentence_11

When he was eight, he took up drums, which would influence his use of the piano as a percussion instrument. Chick Corea_sentence_12

Corea developed his piano skills by exploring music on his own. Chick Corea_sentence_13

A notable influence was concert pianist Salvatore Sullo, from whom Corea started taking lessons at age eight and who introduced him to classical music, helping spark his interest in musical composition. Chick Corea_sentence_14

He also spent several years as a performer and soloist for the St. Rose Scarlet Lancers, a drum and bugle corps based in Chelsea. Chick Corea_sentence_15

Given a black tuxedo by his father, he started playing gigs when in high school. Chick Corea_sentence_16

He enjoyed listening to Herb Pomeroy's band at the time and had a trio that played Horace Silver's music at a local jazz club. Chick Corea_sentence_17

He moved to New York City, where he studied musical education for one month at Columbia University and six months at the Juilliard School. Chick Corea_sentence_18

He quit after finding both disappointing, but remained in New York City. Chick Corea_sentence_19

Career Chick Corea_section_1

Corea began his career in the early 1960s with Mongo Santamaria, Willie Bobo, Blue Mitchell, Herbie Mann, and Stan Getz. Chick Corea_sentence_20

He released his debut album, Tones for Joan's Bones, in 1966. Chick Corea_sentence_21

Two years later he released a trio album, Now He Sings, Now He Sobs, with Roy Haynes and Miroslav Vitous. Chick Corea_sentence_22

In live performance he frequently processed the output of his electric piano with a device called a ring modulator. Chick Corea_sentence_23

Using this style, he appeared on multiple Davis albums, including Black Beauty: Live at the Fillmore West and Miles Davis at Fillmore: Live at the Fillmore East. Chick Corea_sentence_24

His live performances with the Davis band continued into 1970, with a touring band of Steve Grossman, tenor sax, Keith Jarrett, additional electric piano and organ, Jack DeJohnette, drums, Dave Holland, bass, Airto Moreira, percussion, and Davis on trumpet. Chick Corea_sentence_25

Holland and Corea left to form their own group, Circle, active in 1970 and 1971. Chick Corea_sentence_26

This free jazz group featured multi-reed player Anthony Braxton and drummer Barry Altschul. Chick Corea_sentence_27

This band was recorded on Blue Note and ECM. Chick Corea_sentence_28

Aside from soloing in an atonal style, Corea sometimes reached into the body of the piano and plucked the strings. Chick Corea_sentence_29

In 1971 or 1972 Corea struck out on his own. Chick Corea_sentence_30

In April 1971 he recorded the sessions that became Piano Improvisations Vol. 1 and Piano Improvisations Vol. 2 for ECM. Chick Corea_sentence_31

Jazz fusion Chick Corea_section_2

Named after their eponymous 1972 album, Corea's Return to Forever relied on both acoustic and electronic instrumentation and drew upon Latin American styles more than on rock music. Chick Corea_sentence_32

On their first two records, Return to Forever consisted of Flora Purim on vocals, Joe Farrell on flute and soprano saxophone, Airto Moreira on drums, and Stanley Clarke on double bass. Chick Corea_sentence_33

Drummer Lenny White and guitarist Bill Connors later joined Corea and Clarke to form the second version of the group, which expanded the earlier Latin jazz elements with a more rock and funk-oriented sound inspired by the Mahavishnu Orchestra, led by his Bitches Brew bandmate John McLaughlin. Chick Corea_sentence_34

This incarnation of the group recorded the album Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy, before Connors' departure and replacement by Al Di Meola, who was present on the subsequent releases Where Have I Known You Before, No Mystery, and Romantic Warrior. Chick Corea_sentence_35

In 1976, he issued My Spanish Heart, influenced by Latin American music and featuring vocalist Gayle Moran (Corea's wife) and electric violinist Jean-Luc Ponty. Chick Corea_sentence_36

The album combined jazz and flamenco, supported by Minimoog backup and a horn section. Chick Corea_sentence_37

Duet projects Chick Corea_section_3

In the 1970s Corea started working with vibraphonist Gary Burton, with whom he recorded several duet albums for ECM, including 1972's Crystal Silence. Chick Corea_sentence_38

They reunited in 2006 for a concert tour. Chick Corea_sentence_39

A new record called The New Crystal Silence was issued in 2008 and won a Grammy Award in 2009. Chick Corea_sentence_40

The package includes a disc of duets and another disc with the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. Chick Corea_sentence_41

Toward the end of the 1970s, Corea embarked on a series of concerts and two albums with Herbie Hancock. Chick Corea_sentence_42

These concerts were presented in elegant settings with both pianists dressed formally and performing on Yamaha concert grand pianos. Chick Corea_sentence_43

The two traded playing each other's compositions, as well as pieces by other composers such as Béla Bartók. Chick Corea_sentence_44

In 1982, Corea performed The Meeting, a live duet with the classical pianist Friedrich Gulda. Chick Corea_sentence_45

In December 2007 Corea recorded a duet album, The Enchantment, with banjoist Béla Fleck. Chick Corea_sentence_46

Fleck and Corea toured extensively for the album in 2007. Chick Corea_sentence_47

Fleck was nominated in the Best Instrumental Composition category at the 49th Grammy Awards for the track "Spectacle". Chick Corea_sentence_48

In 2008 Corea collaborated with Japanese pianist Hiromi Uehara on the live album Duet (Chick Corea and Hiromi). Chick Corea_sentence_49

The duo played a concert at Tokyo's Budokan arena on April 30. Chick Corea_sentence_50

In 2015 he reprised the duet concert series with Hancock, again sticking to a dueling-piano format, though both also had synthesizers at their station. Chick Corea_sentence_51

The first concert in this series was played at the Paramount Theatre in Seattle and included improvised music, songs by the duo, and standards by other composers. Chick Corea_sentence_52

Later work Chick Corea_section_4

Corea's other bands include the Chick Corea Elektric Band, its traditional jazz trio reduction called Akoustic Band, Origin, and its traditional jazz trio reduction called the New Trio. Chick Corea_sentence_53

Corea signed a record deal with GRP Records in 1986 which led to the release of ten albums between 1986 and 1994, seven with the Elektric Band, two with the Akoustic Band, and a solo album, Expressions. Chick Corea_sentence_54

The Akoustic Band released a self-titled album in 1989 and a live follow-up, Alive in 1991, both featuring John Patitucci on bass and Dave Weckl on drums. Chick Corea_sentence_55

It marked a turn back toward traditional jazz in Corea's career, and the bulk of his subsequent recordings have been acoustic. Chick Corea_sentence_56

The Akoustic Band has toured intermittently, internationally since 1986. Chick Corea_sentence_57

They provided the music for the 1986 Pixar short Luxo Jr. with their song "The Game Maker". Chick Corea_sentence_58

In 1992, Corea started his own label, Stretch Records. Chick Corea_sentence_59

In 2001, the Chick Corea New Trio, with Avishai Cohen and Jeff Ballard on bass and drums, respectively, released the album Past, Present & Futures. Chick Corea_sentence_60

The 11-song album includes only one standard composition (Fats Waller's "Jitterbug Waltz"). Chick Corea_sentence_61

The rest of the tunes are Corea originals. Chick Corea_sentence_62

He participated in 1998's Like Minds with Gary Burton on vibes, Pat Metheny on guitar, Dave Holland on bass and Roy Haynes on drums. Chick Corea_sentence_63

During the latter part of his career, Corea became more interested in contemporary classical music. Chick Corea_sentence_64

He composed his first piano concerto – and an adaptation of his signature piece, "Spain", for a full symphony orchestra – and performed it in 1999 with the London Philharmonic Orchestra. Chick Corea_sentence_65

Five years later he composed his first work without keyboards: his String Quartet No. Chick Corea_sentence_66

1 was written for the Orion String Quartet and performed by them at 2004's Summerfest in Wisconsin. Chick Corea_sentence_67

Corea has continued releasing jazz fusion concept albums such as To the Stars (2004) and Ultimate Adventure (2006). Chick Corea_sentence_68

The latter album won the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group. Chick Corea_sentence_69

In 2008, the third version of Return to Forever (Corea, keyboards; Stanley Clarke, bass; Lenny White, drums; Al Di Meola, guitar) reunited for a worldwide tour. Chick Corea_sentence_70

The reunion received positive reviews from jazz and mainstream publications. Chick Corea_sentence_71

Most of the group's studio recordings were re-released on the compilation Return to Forever: The Anthology to coincide with the tour. Chick Corea_sentence_72

A concert DVD recorded during their performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival was released in May 2009. Chick Corea_sentence_73

He also worked on a collaboration CD with the vocal group The Manhattan Transfer. Chick Corea_sentence_74

A new group, the Five Peace Band, began a world tour in October 2008. Chick Corea_sentence_75

Corea had worked with McLaughlin in Davis's late 1960s bands, including the group that recorded Davis's album Bitches Brew. Chick Corea_sentence_76

Joining Corea and McLaughlin were saxophonist Kenny Garrett and bassist Christian McBride. Chick Corea_sentence_77

Drummer Vinnie Colaiuta played with the band in Europe and on select North American dates; Brian Blade played all dates in Asia and Australia, and most dates in North America. Chick Corea_sentence_78

The variety of Corea's music was celebrated in a 2011 retrospective with Corea playing with the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra in the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts; a New York Times reviewer had high praise for the occasion: "Mr. Corea was masterly with the other musicians, absorbing the rhythm and feeding the soloists. Chick Corea_sentence_79

It sounded like a band, and Mr. Corea had no need to dominate; his authority was clear without raising volume." Chick Corea_sentence_80

A new band for 2013, Chick Corea & The Vigil, featured Corea with bassist Hadrien Feraud, Marcus Gilmore on drums (carrying on from his grandfather, Roy Haynes), saxes, flute, and bass clarinet from Tim Garland, and guitarist Charles Altura. Chick Corea_sentence_81

Corea celebrated his 75th birthday in 2016 by playing with more than 20 different groups during a six-week stand at the Blue Note Jazz Club in Greenwich Village, New York City. Chick Corea_sentence_82

"I pretty well ignore the numbers that make up 'age'. Chick Corea_sentence_83

It seems to be the best way to go. Chick Corea_sentence_84

I have always just concentrated on having the most fun I can with the adventure of music." Chick Corea_sentence_85

Personal life Chick Corea_section_5

In 1968, Corea read Dianetics, science fiction author L. Chick Corea_sentence_86 Ron Hubbard's most well known self-help book, and in the early-1970s developed an interest in Hubbard's science fiction novels. Chick Corea_sentence_87

Corea said that Scientology became a profound influence on his musical direction in the early 1970s: "I no longer wanted to satisfy myself. Chick Corea_sentence_88

I really want to connect with the world and make my music mean something to people." Chick Corea_sentence_89

In 1993, Corea was excluded from a concert during the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Germany. Chick Corea_sentence_90

The concert's organizers excluded Corea after the state government of Baden-Württemberg had announced it would review its subsidies for events featuring avowed members of Scientology. Chick Corea_sentence_91

After Corea's complaint against this policy before the administrative court was unsuccessful in 1996, members of the United States Congress decried a violation of Corea's human rights in a letter to the German government. Chick Corea_sentence_92

Corea is not banned from performing in Germany, however, and had several appearances at the government-supported International Jazz Festival in Burghausen, where he was awarded a plaque in Burghausen's "Street of Fame" in 2011. Chick Corea_sentence_93

Discography Chick Corea_section_6

Main article: Chick Corea discography Chick Corea_sentence_94

Awards and honors Chick Corea_section_7

Grammy Awards Chick Corea_sentence_95

Chick Corea_unordered_list_0

  • Chick Corea has won 23 Grammy Awards and been nominated over 60 times.Chick Corea_item_0_0

Chick Corea_table_general_1

YearChick Corea_header_cell_1_0_0 CategoryChick Corea_header_cell_1_0_1 Album or songChick Corea_header_cell_1_0_2
1976Chick Corea_cell_1_1_0 Best Jazz Performance by a GroupChick Corea_cell_1_1_1 No Mystery (with Return to Forever)Chick Corea_cell_1_1_2
1977Chick Corea_cell_1_2_0 Best Instrumental ArrangementChick Corea_cell_1_2_1 "Leprechaun's Dream"Chick Corea_cell_1_2_2
1977Chick Corea_cell_1_3_0 Best Jazz Performance by a GroupChick Corea_cell_1_3_1 The LeprechaunChick Corea_cell_1_3_2
1979Chick Corea_cell_1_4_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, GroupChick Corea_cell_1_4_1 FriendsChick Corea_cell_1_4_2
1980Chick Corea_cell_1_5_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, GroupChick Corea_cell_1_5_1 Duet (with Gary Burton)Chick Corea_cell_1_5_2
1982Chick Corea_cell_1_6_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, GroupChick Corea_cell_1_6_1 In Concert, Zürich, October 28, 1979 (with Gary Burton)Chick Corea_cell_1_6_2
1989Chick Corea_cell_1_7_0 Best R&B Instrumental PerformanceChick Corea_cell_1_7_1 "Light Years"Chick Corea_cell_1_7_2
1990Chick Corea_cell_1_8_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, GroupChick Corea_cell_1_8_1 Chick Corea Akoustic BandChick Corea_cell_1_8_2
1999Chick Corea_cell_1_9_0 Best instrumental SoloChick Corea_cell_1_9_1 "Rhumbata" with Gary BurtonChick Corea_cell_1_9_2
2000Chick Corea_cell_1_10_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual or GroupChick Corea_cell_1_10_1 Like MindsChick Corea_cell_1_10_2
2001Chick Corea_cell_1_11_0 Best Instrumental ArrangementChick Corea_cell_1_11_1 "Spain for Sextet & Orchestra"Chick Corea_cell_1_11_2
2004Chick Corea_cell_1_12_0 Best Jazz Instrumental SoloChick Corea_cell_1_12_1 "Matrix"Chick Corea_cell_1_12_2
2007Chick Corea_cell_1_13_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or GroupChick Corea_cell_1_13_1 The Ultimate AdventureChick Corea_cell_1_13_2
2007Chick Corea_cell_1_14_0 Best Instrumental ArrangementChick Corea_cell_1_14_1 "Three Ghouls"Chick Corea_cell_1_14_2
2008Chick Corea_cell_1_15_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or GroupChick Corea_cell_1_15_1 The New Crystal Silence (with Gary Burton)Chick Corea_cell_1_15_2
2010Chick Corea_cell_1_16_0 Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or GroupChick Corea_cell_1_16_1 Five Peace Band LiveChick Corea_cell_1_16_2
2012Chick Corea_cell_1_17_0 Best Improvised Jazz SoloChick Corea_cell_1_17_1 "500 Miles High"Chick Corea_cell_1_17_2
2012Chick Corea_cell_1_18_0 Best Jazz Instrumental AlbumChick Corea_cell_1_18_1 ForeverChick Corea_cell_1_18_2
2013Chick Corea_cell_1_19_0 Best Improvised Jazz SoloChick Corea_cell_1_19_1 "Hot House"Chick Corea_cell_1_19_2
2013Chick Corea_cell_1_20_0 Best Instrumental CompositionChick Corea_cell_1_20_1 "Mozart Goes Dancing"Chick Corea_cell_1_20_2
2015Chick Corea_cell_1_21_0 Best Improvised Jazz SoloChick Corea_cell_1_21_1 "Fingerprints"Chick Corea_cell_1_21_2
2015Chick Corea_cell_1_22_0 Best Jazz Instrumental AlbumChick Corea_cell_1_22_1 TrilogyChick Corea_cell_1_22_2
2020Chick Corea_cell_1_23_0 Best Latin Jazz AlbumChick Corea_cell_1_23_1 "Antidote" (with The Spanish Heart Band)Chick Corea_cell_1_23_2

Chick Corea_table_general_2

YearChick Corea_header_cell_2_0_0 AwardChick Corea_header_cell_2_0_1 Album/songChick Corea_header_cell_2_0_2
2007Chick Corea_cell_2_1_0 Best Instrumental AlbumChick Corea_cell_2_1_1 The Enchantment (with Béla Fleck)Chick Corea_cell_2_1_2
2011Chick Corea_cell_2_2_0 Best Instrumental AlbumChick Corea_cell_2_2_1 Forever (with Stanley Clarke and Lenny White)Chick Corea_cell_2_2_2

Chick Corea_unordered_list_1

See also Chick Corea_section_8

Chick Corea_unordered_list_2

  • Rusty Edwards, a hymn writer, with whom Corea has collaboratedChick Corea_item_2_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Corea.