Children's music

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See also: Children's songs and Nursery rhyme Children's music_sentence_0

Children's music_table_infobox_0

Children's musicChildren's music_header_cell_0_0_0
Stylistic originsChildren's music_header_cell_0_1_0 Children's music_cell_0_1_1

Children's music or kids' music is music composed and performed for children. Children's music_sentence_1

In European-influenced contexts this means music, usually songs, written specifically for a juvenile audience. Children's music_sentence_2

The composers are usually adults. Children's music_sentence_3

Children's music has historically held both entertainment and educational functions. Children's music_sentence_4

Children's music is often designed to provide an entertaining means of teaching children about their culture, other cultures, good behavior, facts and skills. Children's music_sentence_5

Many are folk songs, but there is a whole genre of educational music that has become increasingly popular. Children's music_sentence_6

History Children's music_section_0

Early published music Children's music_section_1

The growth of the popular music publishing industry, associated with New York's Tin Pan Alley in the late 19th and early 20th centuries led to the creation of a number of songs aimed at children. Children's music_sentence_7

These included 'Ten little fingers and ten little toes' by Ira Shuster and Edward G. Nelson and 'School Days' (1907) by Gus Edwards and Will Cobb. Children's music_sentence_8

Perhaps the best remembered now is "Teddy Bears' Picnic", with lyrics by Jimmy Kennedy in 1932 and the tune by British composer John William Bratton was from 1907. Children's music_sentence_9

Early recordings for children Children's music_section_2

Recordings for children were intertwined with recorded music for as long as it has existed as a medium. Children's music_sentence_10

The first words ever recorded (in 1860 by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville) was the first verse of the French folk/children's song "Au Clair de la Lune". Children's music_sentence_11

In 1888, the first recorded discs (called "plates") offered for sale included Mother Goose nursery rhymes. Children's music_sentence_12

The earliest record catalogues of several seminal figures in the recording industry such as Edison, Berliner, and Victor all contained separate children's sections. Children's music_sentence_13

Throughout the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s record companies continued to produce albums for children. Children's music_sentence_14

Such companies as RCA Victor, Decca Records, Capitol Records, and Columbia Records (among others) published albums based on popular cartoons or nursery rhymes. Children's music_sentence_15

Recordings based on Disney films and cartoons were released at that time by RCA Victor and Capitol Records, and beginning in the late 1950s by Disneyland Records and Buena Vista Records. Children's music_sentence_16

Often the albums were read-alongs that contained booklets that children could follow along with. Children's music_sentence_17

Many of the biggest names in theater, radio, and motion pictures were featured on these albums, such as: Bing Crosby, Harold Peary ("The Great Gildersleeve"), Orson Welles, Jeanette MacDonald, Roy Rogers, Fanny Brice, William Boyd ("Hopalong Cassidy"), Ingrid Bergman, Danny Kaye, and Fredric March. Children's music_sentence_18

The role of Disney in children's cinema from the 1930s meant that it gained a unique place in the production of children's music. Children's music_sentence_19

The first popular Disney song was 'Minnie's Yoo Hoo' (1930) the theme song from a Mickey Mouse cartoon. Children's music_sentence_20

After the production of their first feature-length animation Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs in 1937, with its highly successful score by Frank Churchill and Larry Morey, which included the songs "Whistle While You Work", "Some Day My Prince Will Come" and "Heigh-Ho", the mould for a combination of animation, fairy tale and distinctive songs was set that would carry through to the 1970s with songs from films such as Pinocchio (1940) and Song of the South (1946). Children's music_sentence_21

Growth during the 20th century Children's music_section_3

The mid-20th-century arrival of the baby boomers provided a growing market for children's music as a separate genre. Children's music_sentence_22

Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger and Ella Jenkins were among a cadre of politically progressive and socially conscious performers who aimed albums to this group. Children's music_sentence_23

During this time, such novelty recordings as "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" (a Montgomery Ward jingle that became a book and later a classic children's movie) and the fictional music group, The Chipmunks, were among the most commercially successful music ventures of the time ("The Chipmunk Song" was a No. Children's music_sentence_24

1 hit single in 1958). Children's music_sentence_25

TV personality Bob Keeshan (Captain Kangaroo) recorded several children's albums, as did Shari Lewis. Children's music_sentence_26

In the 1960s, as the baby boomers matured and became more politically aware, they embraced both the substance and politics of folk ("the people's") music. Children's music_sentence_27

Peter, Paul, and Mary, The Limeliters, and Tom Paxton were acclaimed folk artists who wrote albums for children. Children's music_sentence_28

In 1969, the Children's Television Workshop in the United States launched Sesame Street. Children's music_sentence_29

The quality of Sesame Street's children's music, much of it created by noted composers Joe Raposo and Jeff Moss, has dominated the children's music landscape to this day - the show has won 11 Grammy Awards. Children's music_sentence_30

Children's music gained an even wider audience in the 1970s when musical features such as Schoolhouse Rock! Children's music_sentence_31

and the original Letter People were featured on network and public television, respectively. Children's music_sentence_32

These represented an effort to make music that taught specific lessons about Math, History, and English to youngsters through the high-quality, award-winning music. Children's music_sentence_33

The classic public television children's show Mister Rogers' Neighborhood had music heavily featured as well. Children's music_sentence_34

In the late 1970s, Canadian artist Raffi, coincided with the rise of children's music as a distinct music industry genre. Children's music_sentence_35

Musical duo Greg & Steve have focused on the positive reaction children have to music. Children's music_sentence_36

And former Limeliter Red Grammer has performed his children's music in every state as well as 22 other countries. Children's music_sentence_37

Disney also re-entered the market for animated musical features, beginning with The Little Mermaid (1989) from which the song "Under the Sea" won an Oscar for best song. Children's music_sentence_38

This was followed by successful features including Beauty and the Beast (1991) Aladdin (1992), and The Lion King (1994), the last of which had music by Elton John and Tim Rice, and Pocahontas (1995), all of which were awarded best song Oscars. Children's music_sentence_39

Recent history Children's music_section_4

In the United States, children's music continues to be a force in the commercial music industry. Children's music_sentence_40

At one point in early 2006, the top three albums on the Billboard charts were all children's music: Disney's High School Musical soundtrack, the Kidz Bop series, and the Curious George film soundtrack. Children's music_sentence_41

Most albums targeted nationally to children are soundtracks for motion pictures or symbiotic marketing projects involving mass-marketed acts such as, The Wiggles or VeggieTales. Children's music_sentence_42

The 21st century has also seen an increase in the number of independent children's music artists, with acts like The Dirty Sock Funtime Band, Dan Zanes, Parachute Express, Cathy Bollinger, Laurie Berkner and Lah-Lah getting wide exposure on cable TV channels targeted to children. Children's music_sentence_43

Trout Fishing in America has achieved much acclaim continuing the tradition of merging sophisticated folk music with family-friendly lyrics. Children's music_sentence_44

Father Goose Music known as The King Of The Dance Party gives a mixture of Ska, Reggae, calypso and Hip-Hop while Secret Agent 23 Skidoo infuses hip-hop with family friendly messages and imaginative stories and is known as "The King of Kid-Hop". Children's music_sentence_45

Also recently, traditionally rock-oriented acts like They Might Be Giants have released albums marketed directly to children, such as No! Children's music_sentence_46

and Here Come the ABCs. Children's music_sentence_47

Jimmy Buffett simply remade his "Cheeseburger in Paradise" song into children's music with cleaned up lyrics ("Root Beer" instead of "Draft Beer"). Children's music_sentence_48

His songs were already kid friendly with catchy lyrics and simple melodies punctuated with penny whistles and ship bell sound effects. Children's music_sentence_49

Conversely, Koo Koo Kanga Roo, a children-oriented comedy synthpop duo, made a successful crossover from performing children's events into touring with adult rock and punk bands such as Reel Big Fish and Frank Turner. Children's music_sentence_50

In Canada, artists such as The Kerplunks and The Oot n' Oots have paved modern pathways to the genre following in the footsteps of Raffi, Fred Penner and Sharon, Lois & Bram. Children's music_sentence_51

Sanitized versions of earthy songs like Harry McClintock's "Big Rock Candy Mountain" have regularly been adapted for younger audiences. Children's music_sentence_52

The 2008 version by Gil McLachlan re-tells the story as a child's dream, the last stanza being: Children's music_sentence_53

Children's music_description_list_0

  • In the Big Rock Candy Mountains you're going on a holidayChildren's music_item_0_0
  • Your birthday comes around once a week and it’s Christmas every dayChildren's music_item_0_1
  • You never have to clean your room or put your toys awayChildren's music_item_0_2
  • There's a little white horse you can ride of courseChildren's music_item_0_3
  • You can jump so high you can touch the skyChildren's music_item_0_4
  • In the Big Rock Candy Mountains.Children's music_item_0_5

Many children's stores and sometimes music outlets sell covers of pop songs, performed by adults for children, especially Christmas songs. Children's music_sentence_54

These were especially popular during the early 2000s. Children's music_sentence_55

The use of children's music, to educate, as well as entertain, continued to grow, as evidenced in February 2009, when Bobby Susser's young children's series surpassed five million CD sales. Children's music_sentence_56

In September 2016 Smithsonian Folkways Recordings label acquired the Bobby Susser series, to further the exposure of children's music that teaches as well as entertains, throughout the world. Children's music_sentence_57

As more children are using smart phones, tablets, laptops and smart-TVs, kids songs have entered the on-demand streaming content era. Children's music_sentence_58

On YouTube, some children's songs have surpassed 1 billion views, easily becoming some of the most viewed YouTube videos of all time. Children's music_sentence_59

See also Children's music_section_5

Children's music_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:'s music.