Chingaza National Natural Park
|Chingaza National Natural Park|
|Area||76,600 hectares (189,000 acres)|
|Official name||Sistema Lacustre de Chingaza|
|Designated||25 June 2008|
Chingaza National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural (PNN) Chingaza) is located in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes, northeast of Bogotá, Colombia in the departments of Cundinamarca and Meta.
The elevation in the park, to the east of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, ranges from 800 metres (2,600 ft) to 4,020 metres (13,190 ft), and the temperature ranges from 4 to 21.5 °C (39.2 to 70.7 °F).
The name Chingaza comes from Chibcha and means "middle of the width".
Chingaza has about 40 natural glacial lakes.
The largest lake is Lake Chingaza, located in the southwestern part of the park at an altitude of 3,250 metres (10,660 ft).
Chuza Reservoir is also located within the Chingaza Park in the basin of a tributary of the River Chuza Guatiquía.
This reservoir is the center of the Bogotá Water Company's Chingaza System.
Chingaza contributes 80% of the city's high quality drinking water.
Viewing and wildlife
The large number of endemic species makes the Eastern Ranges one of the most important geographic regions for wildlife in Colombia.
In the vicinity of the Chingaza lake, less than 383 species of plants have been recorded.
It is estimated that the total flora of the park may exceed 2,000 species.
There are eight species of peat moss, which can absorb up to 40 times their weight in water.
Communities present in the area
There are currently no indigenous groups within the territory of Chingaza.
Ponds, rock shelters, the mountains and especially the Siecha Lakes were sacred places of worship and respect, forming ceremonial centers.
Recent studies indicate that Chingaza in the Chibcha language of the Muisca could have been called Chim-wa-za, which means "God's Night Mountains".
The population around the park forms a rural community with its own forms of organization, dynamic internal and external relationships, and cultural patterns that distinguish it from smallholder farmer communities in other regions.
Named after Chingaza
- Araneus chingaza, a species of spider described in the Chingaza Natural National Park
- Ischnura chingaza, a species of dragonfly, idem
- Polylobus chingaza, a species of beetle, idem
- Epidendrum chingazaënse Hágsater, E.Santiago & C.Uribe-Vélez , a species of orchid.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chingaza National Natural Park.