Chingaza National Natural Park

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Chingaza National Natural Park_table_infobox_0

Chingaza National Natural ParkChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_0_0
LocationChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_1_0 ColombiaChingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_1_1
CoordinatesChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_2_0 Chingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_2_1
AreaChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_3_0 76,600 hectares (189,000 acres)Chingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_4_0 1977Chingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_4_1
Governing bodyChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_5_0 SINAPChingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_5_1
Ramsar WetlandChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_7_0
Official nameChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_8_0 Sistema Lacustre de ChingazaChingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_8_1
DesignatedChingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_9_0 25 June 2008Chingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_9_1
Reference no.Chingaza National Natural Park_header_cell_0_10_0 1782Chingaza National Natural Park_cell_0_10_1

Chingaza National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural (PNN) Chingaza) is located in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes, northeast of Bogotá, Colombia in the departments of Cundinamarca and Meta. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_0

The elevation in the park, to the east of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, ranges from 800 metres (2,600 ft) to 4,020 metres (13,190 ft), and the temperature ranges from 4 to 21.5 °C (39.2 to 70.7 °F). Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_1

The park extends over the Cundinamarca municipalities La Calera, Fómeque, Guasca and San Juanito (Meta). Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_2

Etymology Chingaza National Natural Park_section_0

The name Chingaza comes from Chibcha and means "middle of the width". Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_3

Hydrography Chingaza National Natural Park_section_1

99% of the park area is located in the Orinoco River basin in the upper basins of the Black and White, Guatiquía, Guacavía, Gazaunta, Gazamumo, Humea and Guavio rivers. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_4

1% of its area is in the Magdalena River basin, where the San Lorenzo Creek, La Calera River tributary, and Teusacá, Siecha, Bogotá, and Tominé rivers drain. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_5

Chingaza has about 40 natural glacial lakes. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_6

The largest lake is Lake Chingaza, located in the southwestern part of the park at an altitude of 3,250 metres (10,660 ft). Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_7

One of the most representative and culturally significant bodies of water are the Siecha Lakes, a group of three lakes in the municipality of Guasca. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_8

Chuza Reservoir is also located within the Chingaza Park in the basin of a tributary of the River Chuza Guatiquía. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_9

This reservoir is the center of the Bogotá Water Company's Chingaza System. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_10

Chingaza contributes 80% of the city's high quality drinking water. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_11

Viewing and wildlife Chingaza National Natural Park_section_2

The animals found in Chingaza include the spectacled bear, deer, tapirs, pumas, Andean condors, Cock-of-the-rocks, jaguars, turkeys, woolly monkeys, nocturnal monkeys, ocelots, and toucans. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_12

The large number of endemic species makes the Eastern Ranges one of the most important geographic regions for wildlife in Colombia. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_13

In the vicinity of the Chingaza lake, less than 383 species of plants have been recorded. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_14

It is estimated that the total flora of the park may exceed 2,000 species. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_15

There are eight species of peat moss, which can absorb up to 40 times their weight in water. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_16

There are also endemic species, such as frailejones, that grow on the páramo and even within forests. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_17

Communities present in the area Chingaza National Natural Park_section_3

Indigenous Chingaza National Natural Park_section_4

There are currently no indigenous groups within the territory of Chingaza. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_18

However, the area has historical importance, with over 10,000 years of Muisca and pre-Muisca inhabitation in the region. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_19

Ponds, rock shelters, the mountains and especially the Siecha Lakes were sacred places of worship and respect, forming ceremonial centers. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_20

Recent studies indicate that Chingaza in the Chibcha language of the Muisca could have been called Chim-wa-za, which means "God's Night Mountains". Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_21

Smallholder Farmers Chingaza National Natural Park_section_5

The population around the park forms a rural community with its own forms of organization, dynamic internal and external relationships, and cultural patterns that distinguish it from smallholder farmer communities in other regions. Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_22

Named after Chingaza Chingaza National Natural Park_section_6

See also: List of flora and fauna named after the Muisca Chingaza National Natural Park_sentence_23

Chingaza National Natural Park_unordered_list_0

  • Araneus chingaza, a species of spider described in the Chingaza Natural National ParkChingaza National Natural Park_item_0_0
  • Ischnura chingaza, a species of dragonfly, idemChingaza National Natural Park_item_0_1
  • Polylobus chingaza, a species of beetle, idemChingaza National Natural Park_item_0_2
  • Epidendrum chingazaënse Hágsater, E.Santiago & C.Uribe-Vélez , a species of orchid.Chingaza National Natural Park_item_0_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: National Natural Park.