Chuck Berry

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For other people with similar names, see Charles Berry. Chuck Berry_sentence_0

Chuck Berry_table_infobox_0

Chuck BerryChuck Berry_header_cell_0_0_0
BornChuck Berry_header_cell_0_1_0 Charles Edward Anderson Berry

(1926-10-18)October 18, 1926 St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.Chuck Berry_cell_0_1_1

DiedChuck Berry_header_cell_0_2_0 March 18, 2017(2017-03-18) (aged 90)

near Wentzville, Missouri, U.S.Chuck Berry_cell_0_2_1

Other namesChuck Berry_header_cell_0_3_0 Father of Rock N' RollChuck Berry_cell_0_3_1
OccupationChuck Berry_header_cell_0_4_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_4_1
Spouse(s)Chuck Berry_header_cell_0_5_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_5_1
ChildrenChuck Berry_header_cell_0_6_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_6_1
ParentsChuck Berry_header_cell_0_7_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_7_1
GenresChuck Berry_header_cell_0_8_0 Rock and rollChuck Berry_cell_0_8_1
InstrumentsChuck Berry_header_cell_0_9_0 Guitar, vocalsChuck Berry_cell_0_9_1
Years activeChuck Berry_header_cell_0_10_0 1953–2017Chuck Berry_cell_0_10_1
LabelsChuck Berry_header_cell_0_11_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_11_1
Associated actsChuck Berry_header_cell_0_12_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_12_1
WebsiteChuck Berry_header_cell_0_13_0 Chuck Berry_cell_0_13_1

Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter and guitarist, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. Chuck Berry_sentence_1

Nicknamed the "Father of Rock and Roll", Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive with songs such as "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll Over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958). Chuck Berry_sentence_2

Writing lyrics that focused on teen life and consumerism, and developing a music style that included guitar solos and showmanship, Berry was a major influence on subsequent rock music. Chuck Berry_sentence_3

Born into a middle-class African-American family in St. Chuck Berry_sentence_4 Louis, Berry had an interest in music from an early age and gave his first public performance at Sumner High School. Chuck Berry_sentence_5

While still a high school student he was convicted of armed robbery and was sent to a reformatory, where he was held from 1944 to 1947. Chuck Berry_sentence_6

After his release, Berry settled into married life and worked at an automobile assembly plant. Chuck Berry_sentence_7

By early 1953, influenced by the guitar riffs and showmanship techniques of the blues musician T-Bone Walker, Berry began performing with the Johnnie Johnson Trio. Chuck Berry_sentence_8

His break came when he traveled to Chicago in May 1955 and met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess, of Chess Records. Chuck Berry_sentence_9

With Chess, he recorded "Maybellene"—Berry's adaptation of the country song "Ida Red"—which sold over a million copies, reaching number one on Billboard magazine's rhythm and blues chart. Chuck Berry_sentence_10

By the end of the 1950s, Berry was an established star, with several hit records and film appearances and a lucrative touring career. Chuck Berry_sentence_11

He had also established his own St. Louis nightclub, Berry's Club Bandstand. Chuck Berry_sentence_12

He was sentenced to three years in prison in January 1962 for offenses under the Mann Act—he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines. Chuck Berry_sentence_13

After his release in 1963, Berry had several more hits, including "No Particular Place to Go", "You Never Can Tell", and "Nadine". Chuck Berry_sentence_14

But these did not achieve the same success, or lasting impact, of his 1950s songs, and by the 1970s he was more in demand as a nostalgic performer, playing his past hits with local backup bands of variable quality. Chuck Berry_sentence_15

In 1972 he reached a new level of achievement when a rendition of "My Ding-a-Ling" became his only record to top the charts. Chuck Berry_sentence_16

His insistence on being paid in cash led in 1979 to a four-month jail sentence and community service, for tax evasion. Chuck Berry_sentence_17

Berry was among the first musicians to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on its opening in 1986; he was cited for having "laid the groundwork for not only a rock and roll sound but a rock and roll stance." Chuck Berry_sentence_18

Berry is included in several of Rolling Stone magazine's "greatest of all time" lists; he was ranked fifth on its 2004 and 2011 lists of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Chuck Berry_sentence_19

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll includes three of Berry's: "Johnny B. Goode", "Maybellene", and "Rock and Roll Music". Chuck Berry_sentence_20

Berry's "Johnny B. Goode" is the only rock-and-roll song included on the Voyager Golden Record. Chuck Berry_sentence_21

Early life Chuck Berry_section_0

Born in St. Chuck Berry_sentence_22 Louis, Berry was the youngest child. Chuck Berry_sentence_23

He grew up in the north St. Chuck Berry_sentence_24 Louis neighborhood known as the Ville, an area where many middle-class people lived. Chuck Berry_sentence_25

His father, Henry William Berry (1895–1987) was a contractor and deacon of a nearby Baptist church; his mother, Martha Bell (Banks) (1894–1980) was a certified public school principal. Chuck Berry_sentence_26

Berry's upbringing allowed him to pursue his interest in music from an early age. Chuck Berry_sentence_27

He gave his first public performance in 1941 while still a student at Sumner High School; he was still a student there in 1944, when he was arrested for armed robbery after robbing three shops in Kansas City, Missouri, and then stealing a car at gunpoint with some friends. Chuck Berry_sentence_28

Berry's account in his autobiography is that his car broke down and he flagged down a passing car and stole it at gunpoint with a nonfunctional pistol. Chuck Berry_sentence_29

He was convicted and sent to the Intermediate Reformatory for Young Men at Algoa, near Jefferson City, Missouri, where he formed a singing quartet and did some boxing. Chuck Berry_sentence_30

The singing group became competent enough that the authorities allowed it to perform outside the detention facility. Chuck Berry_sentence_31

Berry was released from the reformatory on his 21st birthday in 1947. Chuck Berry_sentence_32

On October 28, 1948, Berry married Themetta "Toddy" Suggs, who gave birth to Darlin Ingrid Berry on October 3, 1950. Chuck Berry_sentence_33

Berry supported his family by taking various jobs in St. Louis, working briefly as a factory worker at two automobile assembly plants and as a janitor in the apartment building where he and his wife lived. Chuck Berry_sentence_34

Afterwards he trained as a beautician at the Poro College of Cosmetology, founded by Annie Turnbo Malone. Chuck Berry_sentence_35

He was doing well enough by 1950 to buy a "small three room brick cottage with a bath" on Whittier Street, which is now listed as the Chuck Berry House on the National Register of Historic Places. Chuck Berry_sentence_36

By the early 1950s, Berry was working with local bands in clubs in St. Louis as an extra source of income. Chuck Berry_sentence_37

He had been playing blues since his teens, and he borrowed both guitar riffs and showmanship techniques from the blues musician T-Bone Walker. Chuck Berry_sentence_38

He also took guitar lessons from his friend Ira Harris, which laid the foundation for his guitar style. Chuck Berry_sentence_39

By early 1953 Berry was performing with Johnnie Johnson's trio, starting a long-time collaboration with the pianist. Chuck Berry_sentence_40

The band played blues and ballads as well as country. Chuck Berry_sentence_41

Berry wrote, "Curiosity provoked me to lay a lot of our country stuff on our predominantly black audience and some of our black audience began whispering 'who is that black hillbilly at the Cosmo?' Chuck Berry_sentence_42

After they laughed at me a few times they began requesting the hillbilly stuff and enjoyed dancing to it." Chuck Berry_sentence_43

Berry's showmanship, along with a mix of country tunes and R&B tunes, sung in the style of Nat King Cole set to the music of Muddy Waters brought in a wider audience, particularly affluent white people. Chuck Berry_sentence_44

Career Chuck Berry_section_1

1955–1962: Signing with Chess: "Maybellene" to "Come On" Chuck Berry_section_2

In May 1955, Berry traveled to Chicago, where he met Muddy Waters who suggested he contact Leonard Chess, of Chess Records. Chuck Berry_sentence_45

Berry thought his blues music would interest Chess, but Chess was a larger fan of Berry's take on "Ida Red".. On May 21, 1955, Berry recorded an adaptation of the song "Ida Red", under the title "Maybellene", with Johnnie Johnson on the piano, Jerome Green (from Bo Diddley's band) on the maracas, Jasper Thomas on the drums and Willie Dixon on the bass. Chuck Berry_sentence_46

"Maybellene" sold over a million copies, reaching number one on Billboard magazine's rhythm and blues chart and number five on its Best Sellers in Stores chart for September 10, 1955. Chuck Berry_sentence_47

Berry said, "It came out at the right time when Afro-American music was spilling over into the mainstream pop." Chuck Berry_sentence_48

At the end of June 1956, his song "Roll Over Beethoven" reached number 29 on the Billboard's Top 100 chart, and Berry toured as one of the "Top Acts of '56". Chuck Berry_sentence_49

He and Carl Perkins became friends. Chuck Berry_sentence_50

Perkins said that "I knew when I first heard Chuck that he'd been affected by country music. Chuck Berry_sentence_51

I respected his writing; his records were very, very great." Chuck Berry_sentence_52

In late 1957, Berry took part in Alan Freed's "Biggest Show of Stars for 1957", touring the United States with the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, and others. Chuck Berry_sentence_53

He was a guest on ABC's Guy Mitchell Show, singing his hit song "Rock 'n' Roll Music". Chuck Berry_sentence_54

The hits continued from 1957 to 1959, with Berry scoring over a dozen chart singles during this period, including the US Top 10 hits "School Days", "Rock and Roll Music", "Sweet Little Sixteen", and "Johnny B. Goode". Chuck Berry_sentence_55

He appeared in two early rock-and-roll movies: Rock Rock Rock (1956), in which he sang "You Can't Catch Me", and Go, Johnny, Go! Chuck Berry_sentence_56

(1959), in which he had a speaking role as himself and performed "Johnny B. Goode", "Memphis, Tennessee", and "Little Queenie". Chuck Berry_sentence_57

His performance of "Sweet Little Sixteen" at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1958 was captured in the motion picture Jazz on a Summer's Day. Chuck Berry_sentence_58

By the end of the 1950s, Berry was a high-profile established star with several hit records and film appearances and a lucrative touring career. Chuck Berry_sentence_59

He had opened a racially integrated St. Louis nightclub, Berry's Club Bandstand, and invested in real estate. Chuck Berry_sentence_60

But in December 1959, he was arrested under the Mann Act after allegations that he had had sexual intercourse with a 14-year-old Apache waitress, Janice Escalante, whom he had transported across state lines to work as a hatcheck girl at his club. Chuck Berry_sentence_61

After a two-week trial in March 1960, he was convicted, fined $5,000, and sentenced to five years in prison. Chuck Berry_sentence_62

He appealed the decision, arguing that the judge's comments and attitude were racist and prejudiced the jury against him. Chuck Berry_sentence_63

The appeal was upheld, and a second trial was heard in May and June 1961, resulting in another conviction and a three-year prison sentence. Chuck Berry_sentence_64

After another appeal failed, Berry served one and one-half years in prison, from February 1962 to October 1963. Chuck Berry_sentence_65

He had continued recording and performing during the trials, but his output had slowed as his popularity declined; his final single released before he was imprisoned was "Come On". Chuck Berry_sentence_66

1963–1969: "Nadine" and move to Mercury Chuck Berry_section_3

When Berry was released from prison in 1963, his return to recording and performing was made easier because British invasion bands—notably the Beatles and the Rolling Stones—had sustained interest in his music by releasing cover versions of his songs, and other bands had reworked some of them, such as the Beach Boys' 1963 hit "Surfin' U.S.A.", which used the melody of Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen". Chuck Berry_sentence_67

In 1964 and 1965 Berry released eight singles, including three that were commercially successful, reaching the top 20 of the Billboard 100: "No Particular Place to Go" (a humorous reworking of "School Days", concerning the introduction of seat belts in cars), "You Never Can Tell", and the rocking "Nadine". Chuck Berry_sentence_68

Between 1966 and 1969 Berry released five albums for Mercury Records, including his second live album (and first recorded entirely onstage), Live at Fillmore Auditorium; for the live album he was backed by the Steve Miller Band. Chuck Berry_sentence_69

Although this period was not a successful one for studio work, Berry was still a top concert draw. Chuck Berry_sentence_70

In May 1964, he had made a successful tour of the UK, but when he returned in January 1965 his behavior was erratic and moody, and his touring style of using unrehearsed local backing bands and a strict nonnegotiable contract was earning him a reputation as a difficult and unexciting performer. Chuck Berry_sentence_71

He also played at large events in North America, such as the Schaefer Music Festival, in New York City's Central Park in July 1969, and the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival in October. Chuck Berry_sentence_72

1970–1979: Back to Chess: "My Ding-a-Ling" to White House concert Chuck Berry_section_4

Berry returned to Chess from 1970 to 1973. Chuck Berry_sentence_73

There were no hit singles from the 1970 album Back Home, but in 1972 Chess released a live recording of "My Ding-a-Ling", a novelty song which he had recorded in a different version as "My Tambourine" on his 1968 LP From St. Louie to Frisco. Chuck Berry_sentence_74

The track became his only number-one single. Chuck Berry_sentence_75

A live recording of "Reelin' and Rockin'", issued as a follow-up single in the same year, was his last Top 40 hit in both the US and the UK. Chuck Berry_sentence_76

Both singles were included on the part-live, part-studio album The London Chuck Berry Sessions (other albums of London sessions were recorded by Chess's mainstay artists Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf). Chuck Berry_sentence_77

Berry's second tenure with Chess ended with the 1975 album Chuck Berry, after which he did not make a studio record until Rockit for Atco Records in 1979, which would be his last studio album for 38 years. Chuck Berry_sentence_78

In the 1970s Berry toured on the strength of his earlier successes. Chuck Berry_sentence_79

He was on the road for many years, carrying only his Gibson guitar, confident that he could hire a band that already knew his music no matter where he went. Chuck Berry_sentence_80

AllMusic said that in this period his "live performances became increasingly erratic, ... working with terrible backup bands and turning in sloppy, out-of-tune performances" which "tarnished his reputation with younger fans and oldtimers" alike. Chuck Berry_sentence_81

In March 1972 he was filmed, at the BBC Television Theatre in Shepherds Bush, for Chuck Berry in Concert, part of a 60-date tour backed by the band Rocking Horse. Chuck Berry_sentence_82

Among the many bandleaders performing a backup role with Berry in the 1970s were Bruce Springsteen and Steve Miller when each was just starting his career. Chuck Berry_sentence_83

Springsteen related in the documentary film Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_84 Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_85 Rock 'n' Roll that Berry did not give the band a set list and expected the musicians to follow his lead after each guitar intro. Chuck Berry_sentence_86

Berry did not speak to the band after the show. Chuck Berry_sentence_87

Nevertheless, Springsteen backed Berry again when he appeared at the concert for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. Chuck Berry_sentence_88

At the request of Jimmy Carter, Berry performed at the White House on June 1, 1979. Chuck Berry_sentence_89

Berry's touring style, traveling the "oldies" circuit in the 1970s (often being paid in cash by local promoters) added ammunition to the Internal Revenue Service's accusations that Berry had evaded paying income taxes. Chuck Berry_sentence_90

Facing criminal sanction for the third time, Berry pleaded guilty to evading nearly $110,000 in federal income tax owed on his 1973 earnings. Chuck Berry_sentence_91

Newspaper reports in 1979 put his 1973 joint income (with his wife) at $374,982. Chuck Berry_sentence_92

He was sentenced to four months in prison and 1,000 hours of community service—performing benefit concerts—in 1979. Chuck Berry_sentence_93

1980–2017: Last years on the road Chuck Berry_section_5

Berry continued to play 70 to 100 one-nighters per year in the 1980s, still traveling solo and requiring a local band to back him at each stop. Chuck Berry_sentence_94

In 1986, Taylor Hackford made a documentary film, Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_95 Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_96 Rock 'n' Roll of a celebration concert for Berry's sixtieth birthday, organized by Keith Richards. Chuck Berry_sentence_97

Eric Clapton, Etta James, Julian Lennon, Robert Cray, and Linda Ronstadt, among others, appeared with Berry on stage and in the film. Chuck Berry_sentence_98

During the concert, Berry played a Gibson ES-355, the luxury version of the ES-335 that he favored on his 1970s tours. Chuck Berry_sentence_99

Richards played a black Fender Telecaster Custom, Cray a Fender Stratocaster and Clapton a Gibson ES 350T, the same model that Berry used on his early recordings. Chuck Berry_sentence_100

In the late 1980s, Berry bought the Southern Air, a restaurant in Wentzville, Missouri. Chuck Berry_sentence_101

In November 2000, Berry faced legal issues when he was sued by his former pianist Johnnie Johnson who claimed that he had co-written over 50 songs, including "No Particular Place to Go", "Sweet Little Sixteen" and "Roll Over Beethoven", that credit Berry alone. Chuck Berry_sentence_102

The case was dismissed when the judge ruled that too much time had passed since the songs were written. Chuck Berry_sentence_103

In 2008, Berry toured Europe, with stops in Sweden, Norway, Finland, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Poland, and Spain. Chuck Berry_sentence_104

In mid-2008, he played at the Virgin Festival in Baltimore. Chuck Berry_sentence_105

During a concert on New Year's Day 2011 in Chicago, Berry, suffering from exhaustion, passed out and had to be helped off stage. Chuck Berry_sentence_106

Berry lived in Ladue, Missouri, approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of St. Louis. Chuck Berry_sentence_107

He also had a home at "Berry Park", near Wentzville, Missouri where he lived part-time since the 1950s and was the home in which he died. Chuck Berry_sentence_108

This home, with the guitar-shaped swimming pool, is seen in scenes near the end of the film "Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_109 Hail! Chuck Berry_sentence_110 Rock 'n' Roll". Chuck Berry_sentence_111

He regularly performed one Wednesday each month at Blueberry Hill, a restaurant and bar located in the Delmar Loop neighborhood of St. Chuck Berry_sentence_112 Louis, from 1996 to 2014. Chuck Berry_sentence_113

Berry announced on his 90th birthday that his first new studio album since Rockit in 1979, entitled Chuck, would be released in 2017. Chuck Berry_sentence_114

His first new record in 38 years, it includes his children, Charles Berry Jr. and Ingrid, on guitar and harmonica, with songs "covering the spectrum from hard-driving rockers to soulful thought-provoking time capsules of a life's work" and dedicated to his beloved wife of 68 years, Toddy. Chuck Berry_sentence_115

Physical and sexual abuse allegations Chuck Berry_section_6

In 1987, Berry was charged with assaulting a woman at New York's Gramercy Park Hotel. Chuck Berry_sentence_116

He was accused of causing "lacerations of the mouth, requiring five stitches, two loose teeth, [and] contusions of the face." Chuck Berry_sentence_117

He pleaded guilty to a lesser charge of harassment and paid a $250 fine. Chuck Berry_sentence_118

In 1990, he was sued by several women who claimed that he had installed a video camera in the bathroom. Chuck Berry_sentence_119

Berry claimed that he had had the camera installed to catch a worker who was suspected of stealing from the restaurant. Chuck Berry_sentence_120

Although his guilt was never proven in court, Berry opted for a class action settlement. Chuck Berry_sentence_121

One of his biographers, Bruce Pegg, estimated that with 59 women it cost Berry over $1.2 million plus legal fees. Chuck Berry_sentence_122

His lawyers said he had been the victim of a conspiracy to profit from his wealth. Chuck Berry_sentence_123

During this time Berry began using Wayne T. Schoeneberg as his legal counsel. Chuck Berry_sentence_124

Reportedly, a police raid on his house found intimate videotapes of women, one of whom was apparently a minor. Chuck Berry_sentence_125

Also found in the raid were 62 grams of marijuana. Chuck Berry_sentence_126

Felony drug and child-abuse charges were filed. Chuck Berry_sentence_127

As the child-abuse charges were dropped, Berry agreed to plead guilty to misdemeanor possession of marijuana. Chuck Berry_sentence_128

He was given a six-month suspended jail sentence, placed on two years unsupervised probation and was ordered to donate $5,000 to a local hospital. Chuck Berry_sentence_129

Death Chuck Berry_section_7

On March 18, 2017, Berry was found unresponsive at his home near Wentzville, Missouri. Chuck Berry_sentence_130

First responders called to the scene were unable to revive him, and he was pronounced dead by his personal physician. Chuck Berry_sentence_131

TMZ posted an audio recording on its website in which a 911 operator can be heard responding to a reported cardiac arrest at Berry's home. Chuck Berry_sentence_132

Berry's funeral was held on April 9, 2017, at The Pageant, in Berry's hometown of St. Louis. Chuck Berry_sentence_133

He was remembered with a public viewing by family, friends, and fans in The Pageant, a music club where he often performed, with his cherry-red guitar bolted to the inside lid of the coffin and with flower arrangements that included one sent by the Rolling Stones in the shape of a guitar. Chuck Berry_sentence_134

Afterwards a private service was held in the club celebrating Berry's life and musical career, with the Berry family inviting 300 members of the public into the service. Chuck Berry_sentence_135

Gene Simmons of Kiss gave an impromptu, unadvertised eulogy at the service, while Little Richard was scheduled to lead the funeral procession but was unable to attend due to an illness. Chuck Berry_sentence_136

The night before, many St. Louis area bars held a mass toast at 10 pm in Berry's honor. Chuck Berry_sentence_137

One of Berry's attorneys estimated that his estate was worth $50 million, including $17 million in music rights. Chuck Berry_sentence_138

Berry's music publishing accounted for $13 million of the estate's value. Chuck Berry_sentence_139

The Berry estate owned roughly half of his songwriting credits (mostly from his later career), while BMG Rights Management controlled the other half; most of Berry's recordings are currently owned by Universal Music Group. Chuck Berry_sentence_140

In September 2017, Dualtone, the label which released Berry's final album, Chuck, agreed to publish all his compositions in the United States. Chuck Berry_sentence_141

Legacy Chuck Berry_section_8

A pioneer of rock and roll, Berry was a significant influence on the development of both the music and the attitude associated with the rock music lifestyle. Chuck Berry_sentence_142

With songs such as "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll Over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958), Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics successfully aimed to appeal to the early teenage market by using graphic and humorous descriptions of teen dances, fast cars, high school life, and consumer culture, and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music. Chuck Berry_sentence_143

Thus Berry, the songwriter, according to critic Jon Pareles, invented rock as "a music of teenage wishes fulfilled and good times (even with cops in pursuit)." Chuck Berry_sentence_144

Berry contributed three things to rock music: an irresistible swagger, a focus on the guitar riff as the primary melodic element and an emphasis on songwriting as storytelling. Chuck Berry_sentence_145

His records are a rich storehouse of the essential lyrical, showmanship and musical components of rock and roll. Chuck Berry_sentence_146

In addition to the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, a large number of significant popular-music performers have recorded Berry's songs. Chuck Berry_sentence_147

Although not technically accomplished, his guitar style is distinctive—he incorporated electronic effects to mimic the sound of bottleneck blues guitarists and drew on the influence of guitar players such as Carl Hogan, and T-Bone Walker to produce a clear and exciting sound that many later guitarists would acknowledge as an influence in their own style. Chuck Berry_sentence_148

Berry's showmanship has been influential on other rock guitarists, particularly his one-legged hop routine, and the "duck walk", which he first used as a child when he walked "stooping with full-bended knees, but with my back and head vertical" under a table to retrieve a ball and his family found it entertaining; he used it when "performing in New York for the first time and some journalist branded it the duck walk." Chuck Berry_sentence_149

He has been cited as a major reference to a variety of some of the most influential acts of all time: Chuck Berry_sentence_150

Chuck Berry_unordered_list_0

On July 29, 2011, Berry was honored in a dedication of an eight-foot, in-motion Chuck Berry Statue in the Delmar Loop in St. Louis right across the street from Blue Berry Hill. Chuck Berry_sentence_151

Berry said, "It's glorious--I do appreciate it to the highest, no doubt about it. Chuck Berry_sentence_152

That sort of honor is seldom given out. Chuck Berry_sentence_153

But I don't deserve it." Chuck Berry_sentence_154

The rock critic Robert Christgau considers Berry "the greatest of the rock and rollers", and John Lennon said, "if you tried to give rock and roll another name, you might call it 'Chuck Berry'." Chuck Berry_sentence_155

Ted Nugent said, "If you don't know every Chuck Berry lick, you can't play rock guitar." Chuck Berry_sentence_156

Bob Dylan called Berry "the Shakespeare of rock 'n' roll". Chuck Berry_sentence_157

Bruce Springsteen tweeted, "Chuck Berry was rock's greatest practitioner, guitarist, and the greatest pure rock 'n' roll writer who ever lived." Chuck Berry_sentence_158

When asked what caused the explosion of the popularity of rock 'n roll that took place in the 1950s, with him and a handful of others, mainly him, Berry said, "Well, actually they begin to listen to it, you see, because certain stations played certain music. Chuck Berry_sentence_159

The music that we, the blacks, played, the cultures were so far apart, we would have to have a play station in order to play it. Chuck Berry_sentence_160

The cultures begin to come together, and you begin to see one another's vein of life, then the music came together." Chuck Berry_sentence_161

Among the honors Berry received were the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1984 and the Kennedy Center Honors in 2000. Chuck Berry_sentence_162

He was ranked seventh on Time magazine's 2009 list of the 10 best electric guitar players of all time. Chuck Berry_sentence_163

On May 14, 2002, Berry was honored as one of the first BMI Icons at the 50th annual BMI Pop Awards. Chuck Berry_sentence_164

He was presented the award along with BMI affiliates Bo Diddley and Little Richard. Chuck Berry_sentence_165

In August 2014, Berry was made a laureate of the Polar Music Prize. Chuck Berry_sentence_166

Berry is included in several of Rolling Stone magazine's "Greatest of All Time" lists. Chuck Berry_sentence_167

In September 2003, the magazine ranked him number 6 in its list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Chuck Berry_sentence_168

In November his compilation album The Great Twenty-Eight was ranked 21st in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Chuck Berry_sentence_169

In March 2004, Berry was ranked fifth on the list of "The Immortals – The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Chuck Berry_sentence_170

In December 2004, six of his songs were included in "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time": "Johnny B. Goode" (#7), "Maybellene" (#18), "Roll Over Beethoven" (#97), "Rock and Roll Music" (#128), "Sweet Little Sixteen" (#272) and "Brown Eyed Handsome Man" (#374). Chuck Berry_sentence_171

In June 2008, his song "Johnny B. Goode" was ranked first in the "100 Greatest Guitar Songs of All Time". Chuck Berry_sentence_172

The journalist Chuck Klosterman has argued that in 300 years Berry will still be remembered as the rock musician who most closely captured the essence of rock and roll. Chuck Berry_sentence_173

Time magazine stated, "There was no one like Elvis. Chuck Berry_sentence_174

But there was 'definitely' no one like Chuck Berry." Chuck Berry_sentence_175

Rolling Stone magazine called him "the father of rock & roll" who "gave the music its sound and its attitude, even as he battled racism - and his own misdeeds - all the way," reporting that Leonard Cohen said, "All of us are footnotes to the words of Chuck Berry." Chuck Berry_sentence_176

Kevin Strait, curator of the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, DC, said that Berry is "one of the primary sonic architects of rock and roll." Chuck Berry_sentence_177

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Chuck Berry among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal Studios fire. Chuck Berry_sentence_178

Discography Chuck Berry_section_9

Main article: Chuck Berry discography Chuck Berry_sentence_179


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck Berry.