Cochranella

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Cochranella_table_infobox_0

CochranellaCochranella_header_cell_0_0_0
Scientific classification CochranellaCochranella_header_cell_0_1_0
Kingdom:Cochranella_cell_0_2_0 AnimaliaCochranella_cell_0_2_1
Phylum:Cochranella_cell_0_3_0 ChordataCochranella_cell_0_3_1
Class:Cochranella_cell_0_4_0 AmphibiaCochranella_cell_0_4_1
Order:Cochranella_cell_0_5_0 AnuraCochranella_cell_0_5_1
Family:Cochranella_cell_0_6_0 CentrolenidaeCochranella_cell_0_6_1
Subfamily:Cochranella_cell_0_7_0 CentroleninaeCochranella_cell_0_7_1
Genus:Cochranella_cell_0_8_0 Cochranella

Taylor, 1951Cochranella_cell_0_8_1

Type speciesCochranella_header_cell_0_9_0
SpeciesCochranella_header_cell_0_10_0

Cochranella is a genus of glass frogs, family Centrolenidae. Cochranella_sentence_0

They are found in Central America from Honduras southward to the Amazonian and Andean cloud forests of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Cochranella_sentence_1

Etymology Cochranella_section_0

The generic name Cochranella honors Doris Mable Cochran, an American herpetologist. Cochranella_sentence_2

Accordingly, common name Cochran frogs has been coined for the genus. Cochranella_sentence_3

Taxonomy and systematics Cochranella_section_1

Cochranella was first described by Edward Harrison Taylor in 1951. Cochranella_sentence_4

The current delimitation of this genus follows from the work by Juan Manuel Guayasamin and his colleagues published in 2009 (with some later adjustments). Cochranella_sentence_5

These authors remedied the polyphyly of the genus by partitioning it into several new genera. Cochranella_sentence_6

The diagnostic characteristics of the genus are the following: (1) humeral spines are absent (small spine present in C. litoralis); (2) digestive tract is white (translucent in Cochranella nola) and the lobed liver is covered by a transparent hepatic peritoneum; (3) ventral parietal peritoneum is white anteriorly and transparent posteriorly; (4) webbing between the fingers III–IV is moderate to extensive; (5) bones are green in life; (6) dorsum is lavender in preserved speciments; (7) dentigerous process of the vomer and vomerine teeth are present (absent in C. litoralis); (8) males call from the upper surfaces of leaves and females deposit eggs on the upper sides of leaves along streams; (9) quadratojugal bone is articulating with maxilla. Cochranella_sentence_7

Species Cochranella_section_2

Currently 11 species are placed in this genus: Cochranella_sentence_8

Cochranella_unordered_list_0

The AmphibiaWeb lists 18 Cochranella species, including ones that the Amphibian Species of the World considers as having uncertain placement within the subfamily Centroleninae (Incertae Sedis). Cochranella_sentence_9


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cochranella.