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Scientific classification ColostethusColostethus_header_cell_0_1_0
Kingdom:Colostethus_cell_0_2_0 AnimaliaColostethus_cell_0_2_1
Phylum:Colostethus_cell_0_3_0 ChordataColostethus_cell_0_3_1
Class:Colostethus_cell_0_4_0 AmphibiaColostethus_cell_0_4_1
Order:Colostethus_cell_0_5_0 AnuraColostethus_cell_0_5_1
Family:Colostethus_cell_0_6_0 DendrobatidaeColostethus_cell_0_6_1
Subfamily:Colostethus_cell_0_7_0 ColostethinaeColostethus_cell_0_7_1
Genus:Colostethus_cell_0_8_0 Colostethus

Cope, 1866Colostethus_cell_0_8_1


Colostethus is a genus of poison dart frogs native to Central and South America, from Panama south to Colombia, Ecuador, and northern Peru. Colostethus_sentence_0

Their common name is rocket frogs, but this name may refer to frogs in other genera and families, following the taxonomic revision of the genus in 2006. Colostethus_sentence_1

Taxonomy Colostethus_section_0

Formerly, the genus Colostethus was found to be "rampantly nonmonophyletic" in the taxonomic revision of poison dart frogs published in 2006. Colostethus_sentence_2

Before the revision, it had 138 species, but this was reduced to 18 species, after species of the former Colostethus were distributed among eight genera in two families, that is, in Dendrobatidae and in the newly established family Aromobatidae (e..g., Anomaloglossus). Colostethus_sentence_3

Within Dendrobatidae, many former Colostethus species were moved to Hyloxalus, while three were moved to the new genus Silverstoneia. Colostethus_sentence_4

Nevertheless, Colostethus is still considered paraphyletic because some Colostethus are more closely related to Ameerega than to other Colostethus. Colostethus_sentence_5

Description Colostethus_section_1

Dorsal colouration is cryptic, brown. Colostethus_sentence_6

A pale oblique lateral stripe is present (but may be broken or incomplete). Colostethus_sentence_7

Dorsal skin is granular posteriorly. Colostethus_sentence_8

In adult males, third finger is swollen. Colostethus_sentence_9

Species Colostethus_section_2

There are currently 20 species in this genus: Colostethus_sentence_10

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