Concord, California

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For the gold rush town formerly with this name, see Orleans Flat, California. Concord, California_sentence_0

Concord, California_table_infobox_0

Concord, CaliforniaConcord, California_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryConcord, California_header_cell_0_1_0 United StatesConcord, California_cell_0_1_1
StateConcord, California_header_cell_0_2_0 CaliforniaConcord, California_cell_0_2_1
CountyConcord, California_header_cell_0_3_0 Contra CostaConcord, California_cell_0_3_1
IncorporatedConcord, California_header_cell_0_4_0 February 8, 1905Concord, California_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentConcord, California_header_cell_0_5_0
TypeConcord, California_header_cell_0_6_0 City Council/City ManagerConcord, California_cell_0_6_1
MayorConcord, California_header_cell_0_7_0 Timothy A. McGallianConcord, California_cell_0_7_1
State SenatorConcord, California_header_cell_0_8_0 Steve Glazer (D)Concord, California_cell_0_8_1
State AssemblyConcord, California_header_cell_0_9_0 Tim Grayson (D)Concord, California_cell_0_9_1
U.S. CongressConcord, California_header_cell_0_10_0 Mark DeSaulnier (D)Concord, California_cell_0_10_1
AreaConcord, California_header_cell_0_11_0
TotalConcord, California_header_cell_0_12_0 30.54 sq mi (79.11 km)Concord, California_cell_0_12_1
LandConcord, California_header_cell_0_13_0 30.54 sq mi (79.11 km)Concord, California_cell_0_13_1
WaterConcord, California_header_cell_0_14_0 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km)  0%Concord, California_cell_0_14_1
ElevationConcord, California_header_cell_0_15_0 75 ft (23 m)Concord, California_cell_0_15_1
Population (2010)Concord, California_header_cell_0_16_0
TotalConcord, California_header_cell_0_17_0 122,068Concord, California_cell_0_17_1
Estimate (2019)Concord, California_header_cell_0_18_0 129,295Concord, California_cell_0_18_1
RankConcord, California_header_cell_0_19_0 Concord, California_cell_0_19_1
DensityConcord, California_header_cell_0_20_0 4,214.44/sq mi (1,627.21/km)Concord, California_cell_0_20_1
Time zoneConcord, California_header_cell_0_21_0 UTC−8 (Pacific)Concord, California_cell_0_21_1
Summer (DST)Concord, California_header_cell_0_22_0 UTC−7 (PDT)Concord, California_cell_0_22_1
ZIP CodesConcord, California_header_cell_0_23_0 94518–94521Concord, California_cell_0_23_1
Area codeConcord, California_header_cell_0_24_0 925Concord, California_cell_0_24_1
FIPS codeConcord, California_header_cell_0_25_0 Concord, California_cell_0_25_1
GNIS feature IDsConcord, California_header_cell_0_26_0 ,Concord, California_cell_0_26_1
WebsiteConcord, California_header_cell_0_27_0 Q490441#P856Concord, California_cell_0_27_1

Concord (/ˈkɒŋkərd/ KON-kerd) is the largest city in Contra Costa County, California. Concord, California_sentence_1

At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 122,067 making it the 8th largest city in the San Francisco Bay Area. Concord, California_sentence_2

Founded in 1869 as the community of Todos Santos by Salvio Pacheco, the name was changed to Concord within months. Concord, California_sentence_3

The city is a major regional suburban East Bay center within the San Francisco Bay Area, and is 29 mi (47 km) east of San Francisco. Concord, California_sentence_4

History Concord, California_section_0

The valleys north of Mount Diablo were inhabited by the Miwok people, who hunted elk and fished in the numerous streams flowing from the mountain into the San Francisco Bay. Concord, California_sentence_5

It is important to note Miwok and other indigenous people still live within city limits. Concord, California_sentence_6

In 1772, Spanish explorers began to cross the area, but did not settle there. Concord, California_sentence_7

In 1834, the Mexican land grant Rancho Monte del Diablo at the base of Mount Diablo was granted to Salvio Pacheco (for whom the nearby town of Pacheco is named). Concord, California_sentence_8

Concord was founded under the name of Todos Santos ("all saints"; a name still borne by the central city plaza and park between Willow Pass Road and Salvio Street), on the initiative of Pacheco in 1869. Concord, California_sentence_9

It achieved prominence in the 19th century when most residents of Pacheco relocating to Concord to avoid the devastation of fire and flood which crippled Pacheco's formerly booming economy. Concord, California_sentence_10

Concord was incorporated on February 5, 1905. Concord, California_sentence_11

The area around Concord in the surrounding Ygnacio and Clayton Valleys was a large agricultural area. Concord, California_sentence_12

Crops that were grown included grapes, walnuts, almonds, wheat, hay, and even tomatoes. Concord, California_sentence_13

The area to the east (now the site of the Concord Naval Weapons Station) was the site of a few enormous wheat ranches over 5,000 acres (20 km), and was almost a sea of wheat all the way to the marshes bordering Suisun Bay. Concord, California_sentence_14

During Prohibition, many vineyards were removed and replaced with walnut orchards. Concord, California_sentence_15

The town of Cowell, now incorporated into Concord, produced cement. Concord, California_sentence_16

The first Concord post office opened in 1872. Concord, California_sentence_17

Port Chicago disaster Concord, California_section_1

Main article: Port Chicago disaster Concord, California_sentence_18

The munitions on board a Navy cargo ship exploded while being loaded during World War II, resulting in the largest number of casualties among African Americans in any one incident during that war. Concord, California_sentence_19

On the evening of July 17, 1944 a massive explosion instantly killed 320 sailors, merchant seamen and civilians working at the pier. Concord, California_sentence_20

The blast was felt 30 miles away. Concord, California_sentence_21

A subsequent refusal by 258 black sailors to load any more ammunition was the beginning of the Navy's largest-ever mutiny trial in which 50 men were found guilty. Concord, California_sentence_22

Future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall sat in on most of the proceedings and declared that he saw a prejudiced court. Concord, California_sentence_23

Geography Concord, California_section_2

Concord is located at . Concord, California_sentence_24

It is 29 miles (47 kilometres) northeast of San Francisco, 22 miles (35 km) northeast from Oakland, 65 miles (105 km) southwest of Sacramento, and 51 miles (82 km) north of San Jose. Concord, California_sentence_25

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.5 square miles (79 km), all of it land. Concord, California_sentence_26

The focal point of downtown Concord is Todos Santos Plaza, which encompasses an entire city block and is known for its farmers market, free summer concerts, and large number of surrounding restaurants. Concord, California_sentence_27

Much of the area immediately around downtown has recently been redeveloped, with new high-density apartment and condominium projects to take advantage of the proximity to public transportation and to the area surrounding the park. Concord, California_sentence_28

Despite this, some crime and homelessness remain issues in the downtown area. Concord, California_sentence_29

To the north and east of downtown is the older residential area of Concord, with many homes dating back to before World War II. Concord, California_sentence_30

In the far northern edge of town is a primarily industrial area, dominated by the Tesoro Golden Eagle Refinery (which is actually not located within city limits). Concord, California_sentence_31

The southeastern area of the city, centered along Clayton Road, is primarily residential and was mostly developed in the 1960s and 1970s. Concord, California_sentence_32

In the southwest area of the city is the primarily Latino neighborhood known as Four Corners, centered around the intersection of Monument Boulevard and Oak Grove Road. Concord, California_sentence_33

Concord is bordered on the west by Pleasant Hill and the unincorporated community of Pacheco, on the south by Walnut Creek, on the southeast by Clayton, on the northeast by Pittsburg and the unincorporated community of Bay Point, and on the north by the unincorporated community of Clyde. Concord, California_sentence_34

Although it shares no border with Concord, Martinez (the county seat) is located almost immediately adjacent to Concord on the northwest. Concord, California_sentence_35

The North Concord BART station is also known as Martinez BART. Concord, California_sentence_36

Climate Concord, California_section_3

Concord has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Concord, California_sentence_37

Official data from the National Weather Service cooperative station in Concord shows average January temperatures are a maximum of 57.2 degrees Fahrenheit (14.0 degrees Celsius) and a minimum of 41.6 °F (5.3 °C). Concord, California_sentence_38

Average July temperatures are a maximum of 87.8 °F (31.0 °C) and a minimum of 58.2 °F (14.6 °C). Concord, California_sentence_39

There are an average of 45.0 days with highs of 90 °F (32.2 °C) or higher and 3.8 days with lows of 32 °F (0.0 °C) or lower. Concord, California_sentence_40

The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43.3 °C) on September 1, 2017. Concord, California_sentence_41

The lowest record temperature was 24 °F (−4.4 °C) on December 23, 1998. Concord, California_sentence_42

Average annual precipitation is 18.31 in (46.5 cm), falling on an average of 57 days annually. Concord, California_sentence_43

The wettest year was 1995 with 26.62 inches (676.1 mm) and driest year was 2007 with 10.57 inches (268.5 mm). Concord, California_sentence_44

The most rainfall in one month was 11.79 inches (299.5 mm) in December 2005, which included the 24-hour maximum rainfall of 3.95 inches (100 mm) on December 31. Concord, California_sentence_45

Demographics Concord, California_section_4

The 2010 United States Census reported that Concord had a population of 122,067. Concord, California_sentence_46

The population density was 3,996.2 people per square mile (1,542.9/km). Concord, California_sentence_47

The ethnic makeup of Concord was 78,767 (64.5%) White, 4,371 (3.6%) African American, 852 (0.7%) Native American, 13,538 (11.1%) Asian (4.4% Filipino, 2.4% Chinese, 1.3% Indian, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.6% Korean), 816 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 15,969 (13.1%) from other ethnicities, and 7,754 (6.4%) from two or more ethnicities. Concord, California_sentence_48

Hispanic or Latino of any ethnicity were 37,311 persons (30.6%). Concord, California_sentence_49

The Census reported that 121,020 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 512 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 535 (0.4%) were institutionalized. Concord, California_sentence_50

There were 44,278 households, out of which 15,421 (34.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,725 (49.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,642 (12.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,707 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. Concord, California_sentence_51

There were 2,952 (6.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 512 (1.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Concord, California_sentence_52

10,406 households (23.5%) were made up of individuals, and 3,625 (8.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. Concord, California_sentence_53

The average household size was 2.73. Concord, California_sentence_54

There were 30,074 families (67.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.22. Concord, California_sentence_55

The population was spread out, with 28,000 people (22.9%) under the age of 18, 10,946 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 35,834 people (29.4%) aged 25 to 44, 32,903 people (27.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,384 people (11.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. Concord, California_sentence_56

The median age was 37.0 years. Concord, California_sentence_57

For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. Concord, California_sentence_58

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males. Concord, California_sentence_59

There were 47,125 housing units at an average density of 1,542.8 per square mile (595.7/km), of which 44,278 were occupied, of which 27,069 (61.1%) were owner-occupied, and 17,209 (38.9%) were occupied by renters. Concord, California_sentence_60

The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.0%. Concord, California_sentence_61

71,004 people (58.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 50,016 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units. Concord, California_sentence_62

Government Concord, California_section_5

In the California State Legislature, Concord is in the 7th Senate District, represented by Democrat Steve Glazer, and in the 14th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Tim Grayson. Concord, California_sentence_63

Federally, Concord is in California's 11th congressional district, represented by Democrat Mark DeSaulnier. Concord, California_sentence_64

Politics Concord, California_section_6

In 2017, Concord had 65,061 registered voters with 31,759 (48.8%) registered as Democrats, 14,447 (22.2%) registered as Republicans, and 15,623 (24%) decline to state voters. Concord, California_sentence_65

Economy Concord, California_section_7

Naval Weapons Station Concord, California_section_8

Main article: Concord Naval Weapons Station Concord, California_sentence_66

To the north of the city of Concord is the Concord Naval Weapons Station (CNWS), which was established in 1942. Concord, California_sentence_67

The station functioned as a World War II armament storage depot, supplying ships at Port Chicago. Concord, California_sentence_68

The CNWS supported war efforts during the Vietnam War and through the end of the Gulf War, processing and shipping out thousands of tons of material to Southeast Asia and the Middle East. Concord, California_sentence_69

The station consists of two areas: the inland area (5,170 acres (21 km)) which is within the Concord city limits, and tidal area (7,630 acres (31 km)). Concord, California_sentence_70

Because of changes in military operations, parts of the inland area began to be and by 1999, the CNWS had only a minimal contingent of military personnel. Concord, California_sentence_71

In 2007, the U.S. Federal Government announced that the inland portion of the CNWS will be closed. Concord, California_sentence_72

The tidal area of the base is not scheduled for closure. Concord, California_sentence_73

The tidal area was transferred to the U.S. Army Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) and is now known as Military Ocean Terminal Concord (MOTCO). Concord, California_sentence_74

The city is working on a reuse plan that may include developing the land while keeping a large portion for open-space and parks projects. Concord, California_sentence_75

The city has had many meetings on this subject and any plan for reuse is subject to approval by the Navy. Concord, California_sentence_76

Transportation Concord, California_section_9

Until 1995, the city was the eastern terminus of the Concord line of Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) commuter train system; the line has since been extended eastward to Pittsburg/Bay Point in 1996 and Antioch in 2018. Concord, California_sentence_77

The County Connection provides limited public transportation in the city and to other points in the county. Concord, California_sentence_78

Buses run from the North Concord BART station to Martinez, the county seat. Concord, California_sentence_79

Main thoroughfares include Willow Pass Road, Concord Avenue, Concord Boulevard, Clayton Road, Monument Boulevard, Ygnacio Valley Road, Oak Grove Road and Treat Boulevard. Concord, California_sentence_80

The city is also served by Interstate 680, and state highways 4 and 242. Concord, California_sentence_81

Buchanan Field Airport is a public county-owned airfield in the City of Concord. Concord, California_sentence_82

It is served by JetSuiteX, and previously served by American Eagle, WestAir Commuter Airlines, Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) and later by PSA successor USAir with the latter two airlines operating nonstop jet service between the airfield and Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). Concord, California_sentence_83

Media Concord, California_section_10

News Concord, California_section_11

The city of Concord is served by the daily newspaper, the East Bay Times (formerly the Contra Costa Times) published by Bay Area News Group-East Bay (part of the Media News Group, Denver, Colorado), with offices in Walnut Creek. Concord, California_sentence_84

The paper was originally run and owned by the Lesher family. Concord, California_sentence_85

Since the death of Dean Lesher in 1993, the paper has had several owners. Concord, California_sentence_86

The publisher also issues a weekly paper, the Concord Transcript for Concord and nearby Clayton. Concord, California_sentence_87

The city is also served by Concord Patch, a local news website covering community news and events, and by a news and talk blog called Concord, California_sentence_88

Patch Media is owned by AOL Inc. Concord, California_sentence_89

Radio Concord, California_section_12

Concord falls within the catchment area of many high-power San Francisco Bay Area radio stations although some stations from Sacramento are also available. Concord, California_sentence_90

KVHS FM 90.5 also known as "The Edge" is a Concord-based student run radio station. Concord, California_sentence_91

It is run from the campus of Clayton Valley Charter High School. Concord, California_sentence_92

Concord and the neighboring cities of Pleasant Hill and Walnut Creek are also served by KKDV FM 92.1. Concord, California_sentence_93

The commercial station brands itself "Diablo Valley's hometown station" and plays a mix of current hits and those from the last few decades. Concord, California_sentence_94

From 1963 to 1993, Concord had a local radio station, KWUN AM 1480, also known as Contra Costa's K-15. Concord, California_sentence_95

Television Concord, California_section_13

Main article: List of television stations in the San Francisco Bay Area Concord, California_sentence_96

Concord is served by major television stations broadcasting primarily out of San Francisco, Sacramento, and San Jose. Concord, California_sentence_97

The region's Fox affiliate, KTVU, is based in (and licensed to) Oakland at Jack London Square along with co-owned independent station KICU-TV (licensed to San Jose). Concord, California_sentence_98

Over-the-air reception is difficult in many parts of the city due to hills on either side of the valley. Concord, California_sentence_99

The sole Concord-licensed TV station, KTNC, gave up its broadcast frequency as part of the FCC reverse spectrum auction in 2017. Concord, California_sentence_100

It had broadcast on channel 42 from the top of Mount Diablo, but is now available on virtual channel 42 via a subchannel of KCNS channel 39. Concord, California_sentence_101

Education Concord, California_section_14

Concord is served by the Mount Diablo Unified School District (MDUSD). Concord, California_sentence_102

Among the MDUSD schools is Mt. Concord, California_sentence_103 Diablo High School, opened in 1901 and currently home to four academies, including the Digital Safari Academy, a three-year program involving the integration of multimedia with the core curriculum through integrated, project-based learning. Concord, California_sentence_104

Beyond MDUSD schools, Clayton Valley Charter High School is also home to several acclaimed academies. Concord, California_sentence_105

Catholic schools De La Salle High School for boys and Carondelet High School for girls are also located here. Concord, California_sentence_106

De La Salle's football team holds the U.S. record winning streak of 151 games, set between 1992 and 2004. Concord, California_sentence_107

During that span, De La Salle won 12 California North Coast sectional championships and was named national champion five different times (once by ESPN, four times by USA Today). Concord, California_sentence_108

In August 2014, a Hollywood film titled When the Game Stands Tall was released with the plot line based on their 151-game winning streak. Concord, California_sentence_109

California State University, East Bay has a campus in Concord. Concord, California_sentence_110

Concord High School won the 2010 Northern California Boys Division II Football Championship, coached by Brian Hamilton. Concord, California_sentence_111

Ygnacio Valley High School won the 1987 Northern California Boys Division I Basketball Championship, coached by Jim Grace. Concord, California_sentence_112

Public libraries Concord, California_section_15

The Concord Library of the Contra Costa County Library is located in Concord. Concord, California_sentence_113

The library is adjacent to the Concord Civic Center. Concord, California_sentence_114

Arts and culture Concord, California_section_16

Concord is the home of the annual Concord Jazz Festival and was the home of the Concord Records jazz record label until it was bought in 1999. Concord, California_sentence_115

Jazz musician Dave Brubeck was born in Concord and in 2006 a park adjacent to Concord High School on Concord Boulevard was renamed in his honor. Concord, California_sentence_116

Concord is also home to the 19-time World Champion Blue Devils Drum and Bugle Corps. Concord, California_sentence_117

The corps is made up of talented musicians from around the world. Concord, California_sentence_118

The Concord Blue Devils are the most decorated drum and bugle corps in the history of Drum Corps International. Concord, California_sentence_119

The Public-access television channel is operated through TelVue Virtual Television Networks. Concord, California_sentence_120

The headquarters of the Kabul Soccer Club is located in Concord. Concord, California_sentence_121

Points of interest Concord, California_section_17

Concord, California_unordered_list_0

  • Baldwin Community Park and the Concord Senior CenterConcord, California_item_0_0
  • Blue Devils Drum and Bugle CorpsConcord, California_item_0_1
  • Buchanan Field AirportConcord, California_item_0_2
  • Camp Concord at South Lake Tahoe, a family-oriented summer camp, although not located in Concord, is operated by the city.Concord, California_item_0_3
  • Concord Pavilion – amphitheater, a major regional concert venue formerly known as the Sleep Train Pavilion and as the Chronicle Pavilion at Concord.Concord, California_item_0_4
  • Concord SkateparkConcord, California_item_0_5
  • Dave Brubeck ParkConcord, California_item_0_6
  • Don Francisco Galindo HouseConcord, California_item_0_7
  • Don Salvio Pacheco AdobeConcord, California_item_0_8
  • Hillcrest Park – home to Matteo's Dream, a playground for children of all abilitiesConcord, California_item_0_9
  • Lime Ridge Open SpaceConcord, California_item_0_10
  • Markham Regional ArboretumConcord, California_item_0_11
  • Newhall Community ParkConcord, California_item_0_12
  • Port Chicago Naval Magazine National MemorialConcord, California_item_0_13
  • Rick Sears Memorial ParkConcord, California_item_0_14
  • Shiva Murugan TempleConcord, California_item_0_15
  • Six Flags Waterworld ConcordConcord, California_item_0_16
  • Starting point of the Iron Horse Regional TrailConcord, California_item_0_17
  • Sunvalley MallConcord, California_item_0_18
  • Todos Santos Plaza – site of farmer's market, concerts, and moviesConcord, California_item_0_19
  • West Wind Solano Drive-In TheaterConcord, California_item_0_20
  • Willow Pass Community ParkConcord, California_item_0_21
  • Ygnacio Valley ParkConcord, California_item_0_22

Sister city Concord, California_section_18

In 1974, Concord became a sister city with Kitakami, Iwate, in Japan. Concord, California_sentence_122

The city established a small Japanese style park in the city, and placed half of a sculpture, The Communion Bridge, in it. Concord, California_sentence_123

The matching half of the bridge is in Kitakami. Concord, California_sentence_124

Every five years, a delegation from Concord visits Kitakami and operates a student exchange program. Concord, California_sentence_125

Notable people Concord, California_section_19

Concord, California_unordered_list_1

  • Carlos Alazraqui, comedian, television actor, voice-over artist, voice of the Taco Bell chihuahuaConcord, California_item_1_23
  • Blake Anderson, comedian, writer, producer, and actor was born in ConcordConcord, California_item_1_24
  • Autopsy, death metal bandConcord, California_item_1_25
  • George Barnes, jazz musician, long-time residentConcord, California_item_1_26
  • Edi Birsan, game designer and member of the City CouncilConcord, California_item_1_27
  • Dave Brubeck, festival promoter, jazz musician, orchestra leaderConcord, California_item_1_28
  • Gil Castillo, mixed martial artist has been a residentConcord, California_item_1_29
  • Natalie Coughlin, Olympic gold-medalist has been a residentConcord, California_item_1_30
  • Tom Hanks, Oscar-winning actor, producer, and director was born in ConcordConcord, California_item_1_31
  • Eva Marie, female professional wrestler formerly signed to the WWEConcord, California_item_1_32
  • Cass McCombs, singer and songwriter was born in ConcordConcord, California_item_1_33
  • Brent Mydland, keyboardist for the Grateful Dead from 1979–1990Concord, California_item_1_34
  • Reed Nesbit, urologist, pioneer of transurethral resection of the prostateConcord, California_item_1_35
  • Kyle Newacheck, TV writer, was born in ConcordConcord, California_item_1_36
  • Meredith Patterson, Broadway actress was born in ConcordConcord, California_item_1_37
  • Bernt Wahl, mathematician, scientist, entrepreneur, and author was a long-time residentConcord, California_item_1_38

See also Concord, California_section_20

Concord, California_unordered_list_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:, California.