Constitutional Assembly of Latvia

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Constitutional Assembly of Latvia (Latvian: Satversmes sapulce) was independent Latvia's first elected legislative body. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_0

Its main task was creating the constitution of Latvia - Satversme, which is still in effect to this day. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_1

The speaker of Assembly was Jānis Čakste, who later became the first President of Latvia. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_2

The assembly functioned from May 1, 1920 until November 7, 1922 when the 1st Saeima convened. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_3

Electing the Constitutional Assembly Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_section_0

On August 19, 1919 Tautas padome issued the law about elections of Constitutional Assembly. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_4

Elections were open to male and female citizens who were older than 21, no minimal vote percentage was set, so many small parties were elected. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_5

After the end of Latvian War of Independence in January 1920 Constitutional Assembly elections were quickly organized and held on April 17–18, 1920 when the people of Latvia voted in universal, equal, direct and proportional elections. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_6

25 parties competed for 150 seats. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_7

84.9% of eligible voters participated (677, 084 people). Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_8

There were 57 candidate lists covering 5 regional constituencies and 16 parties won seats in the Assembly. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_9

One hundred fifty members, including 5 women, were elected. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_10

The most successful parties were the Social Democratic LSDSP (57 seats), LZS (26 seats) and Latgales Zemnieku partija (17 seats). Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_11

The remainder of the seats went mostly to ethnic minorities - Committee of the German Baltic Parties, Democrats Union, Polish Party of Latvia and the Worker's Party, Jewish parties and others. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_12

The first meeting of the Assembly took place on May 1, 1920, at Riga, in the House of the Livonian Noble Corporation which houses Latvian Parliament up to this day. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_13

The Constitutional Assembly drafted the basic law of the state — the Satversme — as well as other laws. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_14

It adopted a law on agrarian reform, a law on the election of the Saeima (Parliament), laws about State flag, State coat of arms, national anthem and other laws. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_15

The Constitutional Assembly had 21 standing committees. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_16

It held 213 plenary sessions and adopted 205 laws and 291 regulations having the force of law. Constitutional Assembly of Latvia_sentence_17


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional Assembly of Latvia.