|Born||(1895-04-15)15 April 1895
San Luca, Italy
|Died||11 June 1956(1956-06-11) (aged 61)
|Occupation||Journalist and writer of novels, short stories, screenplays and plays|
|Notable works||Gente in Aspromonte (Revolt in Aspromonte)|
|Notable awards||Strega Prize (Premio Strega) in 1951|
His first success was Gente in Aspromonte (Revolt in Aspromonte), which examined the exploitation of rural peasants by greedy landowners in Calabria, and is considered by many critics to be his masterpiece.
He was born in San Luca, a small village in the southernmost region of Calabria.
His father Antonio was a primary school teacher and founded an evening school for farmers and illiterate shepherds.
Alvaro was educated at Jesuit boarding schools in Rome and Umbria.
He graduated with a degree in literature in 1919 at the University of Milan and began working as a journalist and literary critic for two daily newspapers, Il Resto di Carlino of Bologna and the Corriere della Sera of Milan.
He served as an officer in the Italian army during World War I.
After being wounded in both arms, he spend a long time in military hospitals.
In 1926 he published his first novel L'uomo nel labirinto (Man in the Labyrinth), which explored the growth of Fascism in Italy in the 1920s.
Journeys he later recounted in his travel essays.
L'uomo è forte (1938; Man Is Strong), written after a trip in the Soviet Union, is a defense of the individual against the oppression of totalitarianism.
After World War II Alvaro returned to Italy.
He again worked for prominent daily newspapers as special correspondent, theater and film critic, and editor.
He is buried in Vallerano.
Initially, Alvaro's literary efforts did not enjoy great success.
Critics praised his first novel L'uomo nel labirinto (Man in the Labyrinth) for its portrayal of alienation of individuals and society as a whole.
His subsequent works, L'amata alla finestra, Gente in Aspromonte, La signora dell'isola, and Vent'anni established him as an important writer.
In 1951 he won the Strega Prize (Premio Strega) – Italy's most prestigious literary award – for his novel Quasi una vita.
Alvaro is noted for his realistic, epic depictions of the Italian poor.
His later work portrayed the contrasts between a yearning for the simple, pastoral way of life, and the aspiration to achieve material success that attracts people to the city.
He was one of the first authors to mention the 'Ndrangheta – the mafia-style criminal association in his native Calabria – in several short stories and in an article published in the Corriere della Sera in 1955.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corrado Alvaro.