Count Dracula

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

For the film, see Count Dracula (1970 film). Count Dracula_sentence_0

For other uses, see Dracula (disambiguation). Count Dracula_sentence_1

Count Dracula_table_infobox_0

Count DraculaCount Dracula_header_cell_0_0_0
Created byCount Dracula_header_cell_0_1_0 Bram StokerCount Dracula_cell_0_1_1
Portrayed byCount Dracula_header_cell_0_2_0 See belowCount Dracula_cell_0_2_1
In-universe informationCount Dracula_header_cell_0_3_0
AliasCount Dracula_header_cell_0_4_0 Dracula

Count De Ville Mr. De VilleCount Dracula_cell_0_4_1

NicknameCount Dracula_header_cell_0_5_0 Evil eye

Ordog Pokol Stregoika Vrolok Vlkoslag D. Nosferatu DracCount Dracula_cell_0_5_1

SpeciesCount Dracula_header_cell_0_6_0 Vampire
Undead human 
WerewolfCount Dracula_cell_0_6_1
GenderCount Dracula_header_cell_0_7_0 MaleCount Dracula_cell_0_7_1
TitleCount Dracula_header_cell_0_8_0 Transylvanian Noble

Voivode Solomonari Vampire KingCount Dracula_cell_0_8_1

SpouseCount Dracula_header_cell_0_9_0 Possibly Brides of Dracula (unclear)Count Dracula_cell_0_9_1

Count Dracula (/ˈdrækjʊlə, -jələ/) is the title character of Bram Stoker's 1897 gothic horror novel Dracula. Count Dracula_sentence_2

He is considered to be both the prototypical and the archetypal vampire in subsequent works of fiction. Count Dracula_sentence_3

He is also depicted in the novel to be the origin of werewolf legends. Count Dracula_sentence_4

Some aspects of the character are believed to have been inspired by the 15th-century Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler, who was also known as Dracula, and by Sir Henry Irving, an actor for whom Stoker was a personal assistant. Count Dracula_sentence_5

One of Dracula's most iconic powers is his ability to turn others into vampires by biting them. Count Dracula_sentence_6

Other character aspects have been added or altered in subsequent popular fictional works. Count Dracula_sentence_7

The character has appeared frequently in popular culture, from films to animated media to breakfast cereals. Count Dracula_sentence_8

Stoker's creation Count Dracula_section_0

Bram Stoker's novel takes the form of an epistolary tale, in which Count Dracula's characteristics, powers, abilities and weaknesses are narrated by multiple narrators, from different perspectives. Count Dracula_sentence_9

Count Dracula is an undead, centuries-old vampire, and a Transylvanian nobleman who claims to be a Székely descended from Attila the Hun. Count Dracula_sentence_10

He inhabits a decaying castle in the Carpathian Mountains near the Borgo Pass. Count Dracula_sentence_11

Unlike the vampires of Eastern European folklore, which are portrayed as repulsive, corpse-like creatures, Dracula is handsome and charismatic, with a veneer of aristocratic charm. Count Dracula_sentence_12

In his conversations with Jonathan Harker, he reveals himself as deeply proud of his boyar heritage and nostalgic for the past, which he admits has become only a memory of heroism, honour and valour in modern times. Count Dracula_sentence_13

Early life Count Dracula_section_1

Details of his early life are undisclosed, but it is mentioned "he was in life a most wonderful man. Count Dracula_sentence_14

Soldier, statesman, and alchemist. Count Dracula_sentence_15

Which latter was the highest development of the scientific knowledge of his time. Count Dracula_sentence_16

He had a mighty brain, a learning beyond compare, and a heart that knew no fear and no remorse... there was no branch of knowledge of his time that he did not essay." Count Dracula_sentence_17

He studied the black arts at the academy of Scholomance in the Carpathian Mountains, overlooking the town of Sibiu (also known as Hermannstadt) and has a deep knowledge of alchemy and magic. Count Dracula_sentence_18

Taking up arms, as befitting his rank and status as a voivode, he led troops against the Turks across the Danube. Count Dracula_sentence_19

According to his nemesis Abraham Van Helsing, "He must indeed have been that Voivode Dracula who won his name against the Turk, over the great river on the very frontier of Turkey-land. Count Dracula_sentence_20

If it be so, then was he no common man: for in that time, and for centuries after, he was spoken of as the cleverest and the most cunning, as well as the bravest of the sons of the land beyond the forest." Count Dracula_sentence_21

Dead and buried in a great tomb in the chapel of his castle, Dracula returns from death as a vampire and lives for several centuries in his castle with three terrifyingly beautiful female vampires beside him. Count Dracula_sentence_22

Narrative Count Dracula_section_2

Short story Count Dracula_section_3

In "Dracula's Guest", the narrative follows an unnamed Englishman traveller as he wanders around Munich before leaving for Transylvania. Count Dracula_sentence_23

It is Walpurgis Night and the young Englishman foolishly leaves his hotel, in spite of the coachman's warnings, and wanders through a dense forest alone. Count Dracula_sentence_24

Along the way, he feels that he is being watched by a tall and thin stranger. Count Dracula_sentence_25

The short story climaxes in an old graveyard, where the Englishman encounters a sleeping female vampire called Countess Dolingen in a marble tomb with a large iron stake driven into it. Count Dracula_sentence_26

This malevolent and beautiful vampire awakens from her marble bier to conjure a snowstorm before being struck by lightning and returning to her eternal prison. Count Dracula_sentence_27

However, the Englishman's troubles are not quite over, as he is dragged away by an unseen force and rendered unconscious. Count Dracula_sentence_28

He awakens to find a "gigantic" wolf lying on his chest and licking at his throat; however, the wolf merely keeps him warm and protects him until help arrives. Count Dracula_sentence_29

When the Englishman is finally taken back to his hotel, a telegram awaits him from his expectant host Dracula, with a warning about "dangers from snow and wolves and night". Count Dracula_sentence_30

Novel Count Dracula_section_4

In Dracula, the eponymous vampire has decided to move from Transylvania to London. Count Dracula_sentence_31

He summons Jonathan Harker, a newly qualified English solicitor, to provide legal support for a real estate transaction overseen by Harker's employer. Count Dracula_sentence_32

Dracula at first charms Harker with his cordiality and historical knowledge, and even rescues him from the clutches of the three female vampires in the castle. Count Dracula_sentence_33

In truth, however, Dracula merely wishes to keep Harker alive long enough to complete the legal transaction and to learn as much as possible about England. Count Dracula_sentence_34

Dracula leaves his castle and boards a Russian ship, the Demeter, taking along with him 50 boxes of Transylvanian soil, which he needs to regain his strength and rest during daylight. Count Dracula_sentence_35

During the voyage to Whitby, a coastal town in northern England, he sustains himself on the ship's crew members. Count Dracula_sentence_36

Only one body is later found, that of the captain, who is found tied up to the ship's helm. Count Dracula_sentence_37

The captain's log is recovered and tells of strange events that had taken place during the ship's journey. Count Dracula_sentence_38

Dracula leaves the ship in the form of a dog. Count Dracula_sentence_39

Soon the Count begins menacing Harker's fiancée, Wilhelmina "Mina" Murray, and her friend, Lucy Westenra. Count Dracula_sentence_40

There is also a notable link between Dracula and Renfield, a patient in an insane asylum overseen by John Seward, who is compelled to consume spiders, birds, and other creatures—in ascending order of size—to absorb their "life force". Count Dracula_sentence_41

Renfield acts as a kind of sensor, reacting to Dracula's proximity and supplying clues accordingly. Count Dracula_sentence_42

Dracula visits Lucy's bed chamber on a nightly basis, draining her of blood while simultaneously infecting her with the curse of vampirism. Count Dracula_sentence_43

Not knowing the cause for Lucy's deterioration, her three suitors – Seward, Arthur Holmwood and Quincey Morris – call upon Seward's mentor, the Dutch doctor Abraham Van Helsing. Count Dracula_sentence_44

Van Helsing soon deduces her condition's supernatural origins, and tries to keep the vampire at bay with garlic. Count Dracula_sentence_45

Nevertheless, Dracula attacks Lucy's house one final time, killing her mother and transforming Lucy herself into one of the undead. Count Dracula_sentence_46

Harker escapes Dracula's castle and returns to England, barely alive and deeply traumatized. Count Dracula_sentence_47

On Seward's suggestion, Mina seeks Van Helsing's assistance in assessing Harker's health. Count Dracula_sentence_48

She reads his journal and passes it along to Van Helsing. Count Dracula_sentence_49

This unfolds the first clue to the identity of Lucy's assailant, which later prompts Mina to collect all of the events of Dracula's appearance in news articles, saved letters, newspaper clippings and the journals of each member of the group. Count Dracula_sentence_50

This assists the group in investigating Dracula's movements and later discovering that Renfield's behaviour is directly influenced by Dracula. Count Dracula_sentence_51

They then discover that Dracula has purchased a residence next door to Seward's. Count Dracula_sentence_52

The group gathers intelligence to track down Dracula and destroy him. Count Dracula_sentence_53

After the undead Lucy attacks several children, Van Helsing, Seward, Holmwood and Morris enter her crypt and destroy her to save her soul. Count Dracula_sentence_54

Later, Harker joins them and the party work to discover Dracula's intentions. Count Dracula_sentence_55

Harker aids the party in tracking down the locations of the boxes to the various residences of Dracula and discovers that Dracula purchased multiple real estate properties throughout London under the alias 'Count De Ville'. Count Dracula_sentence_56

Dracula's main plan was to move each of his 50 boxes of earth to his various properties in order to arrange multiple lairs throughout and around the perimeter of London. Count Dracula_sentence_57

The party pries open each of the graves, places sacramental wafers within each of them, and seals them shut. Count Dracula_sentence_58

This deprives Dracula of his ability to seek safety in those boxes. Count Dracula_sentence_59

Dracula gains entry into Seward's residence by coercing an invitation out of Renfield. Count Dracula_sentence_60

As he attempts to enter the room in which Harker and Mina are staying, Renfield tries to stop him; Dracula then mortally wounds him. Count Dracula_sentence_61

With his dying breath, Renfield tells Seward and Van Helsing that Dracula is after Mina. Count Dracula_sentence_62

Van Helsing and Seward discover Dracula biting Mina and forcing her to drink his blood. Count Dracula_sentence_63

The group repel Dracula using crucifixes and sacramental bread, forcing him to flee by turning into a dark vapor. Count Dracula_sentence_64

The party continue to hunt Dracula to search for his remaining lairs. Count Dracula_sentence_65

Although Dracula's 'baptism' of Mina grants him a telepathic link to her, it backfires when Van Helsing hypnotizes Mina and uses her supernatural link with Dracula to track him as he flees back to Transylvania. Count Dracula_sentence_66

The heroes follow Dracula back to Transylvania, and in a climactic battle with Dracula's Romani bodyguards, finally destroy him. Count Dracula_sentence_67

Despite the popular image of Dracula having a stake driven through his heart to kill him, Mina's narrative describes his decapitation by Harker's kukri while Morris simultaneously pierces his heart with a Bowie knife (Mina Harker's Journal, 6 November, Dracula Chapter 27). Count Dracula_sentence_68

His body then turns into dust, but not before Mina sees an expression of peace on his face. Count Dracula_sentence_69

Characteristics Count Dracula_section_5

Shapeshifting Count Dracula_section_6

Dracula can change form at will, able to grow and become small, his featured forms in the novel being that of a bat, a wolf, a large dog and a fog or mist. Count Dracula_sentence_70

When the moonlight is shining, he can travel as elemental dust within its rays. Count Dracula_sentence_71

He is able to pass through tiny cracks or crevices while retaining his human form or in the form of a vapour; described by Van Helsing as the ability to slip through a hairbreadth space of a tomb door or coffin. Count Dracula_sentence_72

This is also an ability used by his victim Lucy as a vampire. Count Dracula_sentence_73

When the party breaks into her tomb, they dismantle the secured coffin to find it completely empty; her corpse being no longer located within. Count Dracula_sentence_74

Vampirism Count Dracula_section_7

One of Dracula's powers is the ability to turn others into vampires by biting them. Count Dracula_sentence_75

According to Van Helsing: Count Dracula_sentence_76

The vampire bite itself does not cause death. Count Dracula_sentence_77

It is the method vampires use to drain blood of the victim and to increase their influence over them. Count Dracula_sentence_78

This is described by Van Helsing: Count Dracula_sentence_79

Victims who are bitten by a vampire and do not die, are hypnotically influenced by them: Count Dracula_sentence_80

Van Helsing later describes the aftermath of a bitten victim when the vampire has been killed: Count Dracula_sentence_81

As Dracula slowly drains Lucy's blood, she dies from acute blood loss and later transforms into a vampire, despite the efforts of Seward and Van Helsing to provide her with blood transfusions. Count Dracula_sentence_82

He is aided by powers of necromancy and divination of the dead, that all who die by his hand may reanimate and do his bidding. Count Dracula_sentence_83

Bloodletting Count Dracula_section_8

Dracula requires no other sustenance but fresh human blood, which has the effect of rejuvenating him and allowing him to grow younger. Count Dracula_sentence_84

His power is drawn from the blood of others, and he cannot survive without it. Count Dracula_sentence_85

Although drinking blood can rejuvenate his youth and strength, it does not give him the ability to regenerate; months after being struck on the head by a shovel, he still bears a scar from the impact. Count Dracula_sentence_86

Dracula's preferred victims are women. Count Dracula_sentence_87

Harker states that he believes Dracula has a state of fasting as well as a state of feeding. Count Dracula_sentence_88

Dracula does state to Mina, however, that exerting his abilities causes a desire to feed. Count Dracula_sentence_89

Vampire's Baptism of Blood Count Dracula_section_9

Count Dracula is depicted as the "King Vampire", and can control other vampires. Count Dracula_sentence_90

To punish Mina and the party for their efforts against him, Dracula bites her on at least three occasions. Count Dracula_sentence_91

He also forces her to drink his blood; this act curses her with the effects of vampirism and gives him a telepathic link to her thoughts. Count Dracula_sentence_92

However, hypnotism was only able to be done before dawn. Count Dracula_sentence_93

Van Helsing refers to the act of drinking blood by both the vampire and the victim "the Vampire's Baptism of Blood". Count Dracula_sentence_94

The effects changes Mina physically and mentally over time. Count Dracula_sentence_95

A few moments after Dracula attacks her, Van Helsing takes a wafer of sacramental bread and places it on her forehead to bless her; when the bread touches her skin, it burns her and leaves a scar on her forehead. Count Dracula_sentence_96

Her teeth start growing longer but do not grow sharper. Count Dracula_sentence_97

She begins to lose her appetite, feeling repulsed by normal food, begins to sleep more and more during the day; cannot wake unless at sunset and stops writing in her diary. Count Dracula_sentence_98

When Van Helsing later crumbles the same bread in a circle around her, she is unable to cross or leave the circle, discovering a new form of protection. Count Dracula_sentence_99

Dracula's death can release the curse on any living victim of eventual transformation into vampire. Count Dracula_sentence_100

However, Van Helsing reveals that were he to successfully escape, his continued existence would ensure that even if he did not victimize Mina further, she would transform into a vampire upon her eventual natural death. Count Dracula_sentence_101

Limitations of his powers Count Dracula_section_10

Dracula is much less powerful in daylight and is only able to shift his form at dawn, noon, and dusk (he can shift his form freely at night or if he is at his grave). Count Dracula_sentence_102

The sun is not fatal to him, as sunlight does not burn and destroy him upon contact, though most of his abilities cease. Count Dracula_sentence_103

He is also limited in his ability to travel, as he can only cross running water at low or high tide. Count Dracula_sentence_104

Owing to this, he is unable to fly across a river in the form of a bat or mist or even by himself board a boat or step off a boat onto a dock unless he is physically carried over with assistance. Count Dracula_sentence_105

He is also unable to enter a place unless invited to do so by someone of the household, even a visitor; once invited, he can enter and leave the premises at will. Count Dracula_sentence_106

Weaknesses Count Dracula_section_11

Thirst Count Dracula_section_12

Dracula has a which he is seemingly unable to control. Count Dracula_sentence_107

At the sight of blood he becomes enveloped in a demonic fury which is fueled by the need to feed. Count Dracula_sentence_108

Other adaptations call this uncontrollable state 'the thirst'. Count Dracula_sentence_109

Religious symbolism Count Dracula_section_13

There are items which afflict him to the point he has no power and can even calm him from his insatiable appetite for blood. Count Dracula_sentence_110

He is repulsed by garlic, as well as sacred items and symbols such as crucifixes, and sacramental bread. Count Dracula_sentence_111

Placing the branch of a wild rose upon the top of his coffin will render him unable to escape it; a sacred bullet fired into the coffin could kill him so that he remain true-dead. Count Dracula_sentence_112

Mountain Ash is also described as a form of protection from a vampire although the effects are unknown. Count Dracula_sentence_113

This was believed to be used as protection against evil spirits and witches during the Victorian era. Count Dracula_sentence_114

Death-sleep Count Dracula_section_14

The state of rest to which vampires are prone during the day is described in the novel as a deathlike sleep in which the vampire sleeps open-eyed, is unable to awaken or move, and also may be unaware of any presence of individuals who may be trespassing. Count Dracula_sentence_115

Dracula is portrayed as being active in daylight at least once to pursue a victim. Count Dracula_sentence_116

Dracula also purchases many properties throughout London 'over the counter' which shows that he does have the ability to have some type of presence in daylight. Count Dracula_sentence_117

He requires Transylvanian soil to be nearby to him in a foreign land or to be entombed within his coffin within Transylvania in order to successfully rest; otherwise, he will be unable to recover his strength. Count Dracula_sentence_118

This has forced him to transport many boxes of Transylvanian earth to each of his residences in London. Count Dracula_sentence_119

He is most powerful when he is within his Earth-Home, Coffin-Home, Hell-Home, or any place unhallowed. Count Dracula_sentence_120

Further, if Dracula or any vampire has had their fill in blood upon feeding, they will be caused to rest in this dead state even longer than usual. Count Dracula_sentence_121

Other abilities Count Dracula_section_15

While universally feared by the local people of Transylvania and even beyond, Dracula commands the loyalty of Gypsies and a band of Slovaks who transport his boxes on their way to London and to serve as an armed convoy bringing his coffin back to his castle. Count Dracula_sentence_122

The Slovaks and Gypsies appear to know his true nature, for they laugh at Harker when he tries to communicate his plight, and betray Harker's attempt to send a letter through them by giving it to the Count. Count Dracula_sentence_123

Dracula seems to be able to hold influence over people with mental disorders, such as Renfield, who is never bitten but who worships Dracula, referring to him over the course of the novel as "Master" and "Lord". Count Dracula_sentence_124

Dracula also afflicts Lucy with chronic sleepwalking, putting her into a trance-like state that allows them not only to submit to his will but also seek him and satisfy his need to feed. Count Dracula_sentence_125

Dracula's powers and weaknesses vary greatly in the many adaptations. Count Dracula_sentence_126

Previous and subsequent vampires from different legends have had similar vampire characteristics. Count Dracula_sentence_127

Character development subsequent to the novel Count Dracula_section_16

Main article: Count Dracula in popular culture Count Dracula_sentence_128

Dracula has been portrayed by more actors in more visual media adaptations of the novel than any other horror character. Count Dracula_sentence_129

Actors who have played him include Max Schreck, Bela Lugosi, John Carradine, Lon Chaney Jr., Christopher Lee, Francis Lederer, Denholm Elliott, Jack Palance, Louis Jourdan, Frank Langella, Klaus Kinski, Gary Oldman, Leslie Nielsen, George Hamilton, David Niven, Charles Macaulay, Keith-Lee Castle, Gerard Butler, Duncan Regehr, Richard Roxburgh, Marc Warren, Rutger Hauer, Stephen Billington, Thomas Kretschmann, Dominic Purcell, Luke Evans and Claes Bang. Count Dracula_sentence_130

In 2003, Count Dracula, as portrayed by Lugosi in the 1931 film, was named as the 33rd greatest movie villain by the AFI. Count Dracula_sentence_131

In 2013, Empire magazine ranked Lee's portrayal as Dracula the 7th Greatest Horror Movie Character of All Time. Count Dracula_sentence_132

The character is closely associated with the western cultural archetype of the vampire, and remains a popular Halloween costume. Count Dracula_sentence_133

Count Dracula_unordered_list_0

  • Count Dracula appears in Mad Monster Party? voiced by Allen Swift. This version is shown to be wearing a monocle. Count Dracula is among the monsters that Baron Boris von Frankenstein invites to the Isle of Evil to show off the secret of total destruction and announce his retirement from the Worldwide Organization of Monsters.Count Dracula_item_0_0
  • Sesame Street character Count von Count is based on Bela Lugosi's interpretation of Count Dracula and Jack Davis' design for Dracula from Mad Monster Party?.Count Dracula_item_0_1
  • Count Dracula appears in Mad Mad Mad Monsters (a "prequel of sorts" to Mad Monster Party?) voiced again by Allen Swift. He and his son are invited by Baron Henry von Frankenstein to attend the wedding of Frankenstein's monster and its mate at the Transylvania Astoria Hotel.Count Dracula_item_0_2
  • Dracula is the primary antagonist of the Castlevania video game series and the main protagonist of the Lords of Shadow reboot series.Count Dracula_item_0_3
  • Dracula appears as the lead character of Dracula the Un-dead, a novel by Stoker's great-grand nephew Dacre presented as a sequel to the original.Count Dracula_item_0_4
  • In the Supernatural episode "Monster Monster," a shapeshifter that Sam and Dean Winchester fight considers his form of Count Dracula (portrayed by Todd Stashwick) his favorite form. It is in this form that Jamie killed him with Sam's gun loaded with silver bullets.Count Dracula_item_0_5
  • Count Dracula is the main character of the Hotel Transylvania franchise, voiced by Adam Sandler.Count Dracula_item_0_6
  • Dracula, going by an inversion of his name, "Alucard," serves as the main character of the anime and manga series Hellsing and Hellsing Ultimate where he serves Integra Hellsing, Abraham's great-granddaughter, as an anti-vampire warrior devoted to the British Crown.Count Dracula_item_0_7
  • Dracula is the primary antagonist of the Showtime series Penny Dreadful, portrayed by Christian Camargo. This version of the character is the brother of Lucifer and, thus, a fallen angel.Count Dracula_item_0_8

Modern and postmodern analyses of the character Count Dracula_section_17

Already in 1958, Cecil Kirtly proposed that Count Dracula shared his personal past with the historical Transylvanian-born Voivode Vlad III Dracula of Wallachia, also known as Vlad the Impaler or Vlad Țepeș. Count Dracula_sentence_134

Following the publication of In Search of Dracula by Radu Florescu and Raymond McNally in 1972, this supposed connection attracted much popular attention. Count Dracula_sentence_135

This work argued that Bram Stoker based his Dracula on Vlad the Impaler. Count Dracula_sentence_136

Historically, the name "Dracula" is the given name of Vlad Țepeș' family, a name derived from a secret fraternal order of knights called the Order of the Dragon, founded by Sigismund of Luxembourg (king of Hungary and Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor) to uphold Christianity and defend the Empire against the Ottoman Turks. Count Dracula_sentence_137

Vlad II Dracul, father of Vlad III, was admitted to the order around 1431 because of his bravery in fighting the Turks and was dubbed Dracul (dragon or devil) thus his son became Dracula (son of the dragon). Count Dracula_sentence_138

From 1431 onward, Vlad II wore the emblem of the order and later, as ruler of Wallachia, his coinage bore the dragon symbol. Count Dracula_sentence_139

Stoker came across the name Dracula in his reading on Romanian history, and chose this to replace the name (Count Wampyr) that he had originally intended to use for his villain. Count Dracula_sentence_140

However, some Dracula scholars, led by Elizabeth Miller, have questioned the depth of this connection as early as 1998. Count Dracula_sentence_141

They argue that Stoker in fact knew little of the historic Vlad III, Vlad the Impaler, and that he used only the name "Dracula" and some miscellaneous scraps of Romanian history. Count Dracula_sentence_142

Also, there are no comments about Vlad III in the author's working notes. Count Dracula_sentence_143

While having a conversation with Jonathan Harker in Chapter 3, Dracula refers to his own background, and these speeches show elements which Stoker directly copied from An Account of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia: With Various Political Observations Relating to Them by William Wilkinson. Count Dracula_sentence_144

Stoker mentions the Voivode of the Dracula race who fought against the Turks after the defeat in the Battle of Kosovo, and was later betrayed by his brother, historical facts which unequivocally point to Vlad III, described as "Voïvode Dracula" by Wilkinson: Count Dracula_sentence_145

The Count's intended identity is later commented by Professor Van Helsing, referring to a letter from his friend Arminius: Count Dracula_sentence_146

This indeed encourages the reader to identify the Count with the Voivode Dracula first mentioned by him in Chapter 3, the one betrayed by his brother: Vlad III Dracula, betrayed by his brother Radu the Handsome, who had chosen the side of the Turks. Count Dracula_sentence_147

But as noted by the Dutch author Hans Corneel de Roos, in Chapter 25, Van Helsing and Mina drop this rudimentary connection to Vlad III and instead describe the Count's personal past as that of "that other of his race" who lived "in a later age". Count Dracula_sentence_148

By smoothly exchanging Vlad III for a nameless double, Stoker avoided his main character being unambiguously linked to a historical person traceable in any history book. Count Dracula_sentence_149

Similarly, the novelist did not want to disclose the precise site of the Count's residence, Castle Dracula. Count Dracula_sentence_150

As confirmed by Stoker's own handwritten research notes, the novelist had a specific location for the Castle in mind while writing the narrative: an empty mountain top in the Transylvanian Kelemen alps near the former border with Moldavia. Count Dracula_sentence_151

Efforts to promote the Poenari Castle (ca. 200 km away from the novel's place of action near the Borgo Pass) as the "real Castle Dracula" have no basis in Stoker's writing; although it bears much similarity to the fictional Castle Dracula, no written evidence shows Stoker to have heard of it. Count Dracula_sentence_152

Regarding the Bran Castle near Brașov, Stoker possibly saw an illustration of Castle Bran (Törzburg) in Charles Boner's 1865 book on Transylvania, Transylvania: Its Products and Its People. Count Dracula_sentence_153

Although Stoker may have been inspired by its romantic appearance, neither Boner, nor Mazuchelli nor Crosse (who also mention Terzburg or Törzburg) associate it with Vlad III; for the site of his fictitious Castle Dracula, Stoker preferred an empty mountain top. Count Dracula_sentence_154

Furthermore, Stoker's detailed notes reveal that the novelist was very well aware of the ethnic and geo-political differences between the "Roumanians" or "Wallachs"/"Wallachians", descendants of the Dacians, and the Székelys or Szeklers, allies of the Magyars or Hungarians, whose interests were opposed to that of the Wallachians. Count Dracula_sentence_155

In the novel's original typewritten manuscript, the Count speaks of throwing off the "Austrian yoke", which corresponds to the Szekler political point of view. Count Dracula_sentence_156

This expression is crossed out, however, and replaced by "Hungarian yoke" (as appearing in the printed version), which matches the historical perspective of the Wallachians. Count Dracula_sentence_157

This has been interpreted by some to mean that Stoker opted for the Wallachian, not the Szekler interpretation, thus lending more consistency to the Romanian identity of his Count: although not identical with Vlad III, the Vampire is portrayed as one of the "Dracula race". Count Dracula_sentence_158

However, despite this, Stoker chose the Count to have revealed himself to be a Székely, and not a Wallachian nobleman (the region where the real "Draculas" ruled over). Count Dracula_sentence_159

Screen portrayals Count Dracula_section_18

Count Dracula_table_general_1

YearCount Dracula_header_cell_1_0_0 TitleCount Dracula_header_cell_1_0_1 Actor playing DraculaCount Dracula_header_cell_1_0_2 NotesCount Dracula_header_cell_1_0_3
1921Count Dracula_cell_1_1_0 Dracula's DeathCount Dracula_cell_1_1_1 Erik VankoCount Dracula_cell_1_1_2 Lost filmCount Dracula_cell_1_1_3
1922Count Dracula_cell_1_2_0 NosferatuCount Dracula_cell_1_2_1 Max SchreckCount Dracula_cell_1_2_2 Renamed Count Orlok for legal reasonsCount Dracula_cell_1_2_3
1931Count Dracula_cell_1_3_0 DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_3_1 Bela LugosiCount Dracula_cell_1_3_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_3_3
DráculaCount Dracula_cell_1_4_0 Carlos VillaríasCount Dracula_cell_1_4_1 Spanish version using the same sets as the Lugosi version, but with a different cast and crew.Count Dracula_cell_1_4_2
1943Count Dracula_cell_1_5_0 Son of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_5_1 Lon Chaney Jr.Count Dracula_cell_1_5_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_5_3
1944Count Dracula_cell_1_6_0 House of FrankensteinCount Dracula_cell_1_6_1 John CarradineCount Dracula_cell_1_6_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_6_3
1945Count Dracula_cell_1_7_0 House of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_7_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_7_2
1948Count Dracula_cell_1_8_0 Abbott and Costello Meet FrankensteinCount Dracula_cell_1_8_1 Bela LugosiCount Dracula_cell_1_8_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_8_3
1953Count Dracula_cell_1_9_0 Drakula İstanbul'daCount Dracula_cell_1_9_1 Atıf KaptanCount Dracula_cell_1_9_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_9_3
1958Count Dracula_cell_1_10_0 DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_10_1 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_10_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_10_3
The Return of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_11_0 Francis LedererCount Dracula_cell_1_11_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_11_2
1964Count Dracula_cell_1_12_0 Batman DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_12_1 Jack SmithCount Dracula_cell_1_12_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_12_3
1966Count Dracula_cell_1_13_0 Dracula: Prince of DarknessCount Dracula_cell_1_13_1 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_13_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_13_3
Billy the Kid vs DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_14_0 John CarradineCount Dracula_cell_1_14_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_14_2
1967Count Dracula_cell_1_15_0 Mad Monster Party?Count Dracula_cell_1_15_1 Allen SwiftCount Dracula_cell_1_15_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_15_3
Blood of Dracula's CastleCount Dracula_cell_1_16_0 Alexander D'ArcyCount Dracula_cell_1_16_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_16_2
1968Count Dracula_cell_1_17_0 Dracula Has Risen from the GraveCount Dracula_cell_1_17_1 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_17_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_17_3
DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_18_0 Denholm ElliottCount Dracula_cell_1_18_1 Episode of UK TV series Mystery and ImaginationCount Dracula_cell_1_18_2
1969Count Dracula_cell_1_19_0 Las vampirasCount Dracula_cell_1_19_1 John CarradineCount Dracula_cell_1_19_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_19_3
The Magic ChristianCount Dracula_cell_1_20_0 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_20_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_20_2
1970Count Dracula_cell_1_21_0 Count DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_21_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_21_2
Taste the Blood of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_22_0 Count Dracula_cell_1_22_1
One More TimeCount Dracula_cell_1_23_0 Count Dracula_cell_1_23_1
Scars of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_24_0 Count Dracula_cell_1_24_1
Cuadecuc, vampirCount Dracula_cell_1_25_0 Count Dracula_cell_1_25_1
JonathanCount Dracula_cell_1_26_0 Paul Albert KrummCount Dracula_cell_1_26_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_26_2
1971Count Dracula_cell_1_27_0 Dracula vs. FrankensteinCount Dracula_cell_1_27_1 Zandor VorkovCount Dracula_cell_1_27_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_27_3
Night GalleryCount Dracula_cell_1_28_0 Francis LedererCount Dracula_cell_1_28_1 Episode: "The Devil Is Not Mocked"Count Dracula_cell_1_28_2
1972Count Dracula_cell_1_29_0 BlaculaCount Dracula_cell_1_29_1 Charles MacaulayCount Dracula_cell_1_29_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_29_3
Mad Mad Mad MonstersCount Dracula_cell_1_30_0 Allen SwiftCount Dracula_cell_1_30_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_30_2
Dracula A.D. 1972Count Dracula_cell_1_31_0 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_31_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_31_2
Count Dracula's Great LoveCount Dracula_cell_1_32_0 Paul NaschyCount Dracula_cell_1_32_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_32_2
1973Count Dracula_cell_1_33_0 Scream Blacula ScreamCount Dracula_cell_1_33_1 Charles MacaulayCount Dracula_cell_1_33_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_33_3
The Satanic Rites of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_34_0 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_34_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_34_2
Bram Stoker's DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_35_0 Jack PalanceCount Dracula_cell_1_35_1 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_35_2
1974Count Dracula_cell_1_36_0 Blood for DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_36_1 Udo KierCount Dracula_cell_1_36_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_36_3
Legend of the 7 Golden VampiresCount Dracula_cell_1_37_0 John Forbes-RobertsonCount Dracula_cell_1_37_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_37_2
VampiraCount Dracula_cell_1_38_0 David NivenCount Dracula_cell_1_38_1 Released in US as Old DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_38_2
1975Count Dracula_cell_1_39_0 Lady DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_39_1 Stephen BoydCount Dracula_cell_1_39_2 Germany (theatrically released in 1977)Count Dracula_cell_1_39_3
1976Count Dracula_cell_1_40_0 Dracula and SonCount Dracula_cell_1_40_1 Christopher LeeCount Dracula_cell_1_40_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_40_3
1977Count Dracula_cell_1_41_0 Dracula's DogCount Dracula_cell_1_41_1 Michael PatakiCount Dracula_cell_1_41_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_41_3
Count DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_42_0 Louis JourdanCount Dracula_cell_1_42_1 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_42_2
1978Count Dracula_cell_1_43_0 Doctor DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_43_1 John CarradineCount Dracula_cell_1_43_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_43_3
1979Count Dracula_cell_1_44_0 Nosferatu the VampyreCount Dracula_cell_1_44_1 Klaus KinskiCount Dracula_cell_1_44_2 Remake of Nosferatu (1922) with the novel's character names restored.Count Dracula_cell_1_44_3
CliffhangersCount Dracula_cell_1_45_0 Michael NouriCount Dracula_cell_1_45_1 Episode: "The Curse of Dracula"Count Dracula_cell_1_45_2
Love at First BiteCount Dracula_cell_1_46_0 George HamiltonCount Dracula_cell_1_46_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_46_2
NocturnaCount Dracula_cell_1_47_0 John CarradineCount Dracula_cell_1_47_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_47_2
DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_48_0 Frank LangellaCount Dracula_cell_1_48_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_48_2
The Halloween That Almost Wasn'tCount Dracula_cell_1_49_0 Judd HirschCount Dracula_cell_1_49_1 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_49_2
1985Count Dracula_cell_1_50_0 Fracchia Vs. DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_50_1 Edmund PurdomCount Dracula_cell_1_50_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_50_3
1987Count Dracula_cell_1_51_0 The Monster SquadCount Dracula_cell_1_51_1 Duncan RegehrCount Dracula_cell_1_51_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_51_3
1988Count Dracula_cell_1_52_0 WaxworkCount Dracula_cell_1_52_1 Miles O'KeeffeCount Dracula_cell_1_52_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_52_3
Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul SchoolCount Dracula_cell_1_53_0 Zale KesslerCount Dracula_cell_1_53_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_53_2
Scooby-Doo! and the Reluctant WerewolfCount Dracula_cell_1_54_0 Hamilton CampCount Dracula_cell_1_54_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_54_2
1989Count Dracula_cell_1_55_0 The Super Mario Bros. Super ShowCount Dracula_cell_1_55_1 Jim WardCount Dracula_cell_1_55_2 Episode: "Bats in the Basement"Count Dracula_cell_1_55_3
SuperboyCount Dracula_cell_1_56_0 Lloyd BochnerCount Dracula_cell_1_56_1 Episode: "Young Dracula"Count Dracula_cell_1_56_2
1990–1991Count Dracula_cell_1_57_0 Dracula: The SeriesCount Dracula_cell_1_57_1 Geordie JohnsonCount Dracula_cell_1_57_2 TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_57_3
1992Count Dracula_cell_1_58_0 Bram Stoker's DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_58_1 Gary OldmanCount Dracula_cell_1_58_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_58_3
1993Count Dracula_cell_1_59_0 The Young Indiana Jones ChroniclesCount Dracula_cell_1_59_1 Bob PeckCount Dracula_cell_1_59_2 Episode: "Transylvania, January 1918"Count Dracula_cell_1_59_3
U.F.O.Count Dracula_cell_1_60_0 Antony GeorghiouCount Dracula_cell_1_60_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_60_2
1995Count Dracula_cell_1_61_0 Monster MashCount Dracula_cell_1_61_1 Anthony CrivelloCount Dracula_cell_1_61_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_61_3
Dracula: Dead and Loving ItCount Dracula_cell_1_62_0 Leslie NielsenCount Dracula_cell_1_62_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_62_2
1997Count Dracula_cell_1_63_0 The CreepsCount Dracula_cell_1_63_1 Phil FondacaroCount Dracula_cell_1_63_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_63_3
2000Count Dracula_cell_1_64_0 Dracula 2000Count Dracula_cell_1_64_1 Gerard ButlerCount Dracula_cell_1_64_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_64_3
Buffy the Vampire SlayerCount Dracula_cell_1_65_0 Rudolf MartinCount Dracula_cell_1_65_1 Episode: "Buffy vs. Dracula"Count Dracula_cell_1_65_2
Dark Prince: The True Story of DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_66_0 Rudolf MartinCount Dracula_cell_1_66_1 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_66_2
2001Count Dracula_cell_1_67_0 Dracula, the MusicalCount Dracula_cell_1_67_1 Tom HewittCount Dracula_cell_1_67_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_67_3
2002Count Dracula_cell_1_68_0 Dracula: Pages from a Virgin's DiaryCount Dracula_cell_1_68_1 Zhang Wei-QiangCount Dracula_cell_1_68_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_68_3
DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_69_0 Patrick BerginCount Dracula_cell_1_69_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_69_2
2003Count Dracula_cell_1_70_0 Dracula II: AscensionCount Dracula_cell_1_70_1 Stephen BillingtonCount Dracula_cell_1_70_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_70_3
2004Count Dracula_cell_1_71_0 Van HelsingCount Dracula_cell_1_71_1 Richard RoxburghCount Dracula_cell_1_71_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_71_3
Blade: TrinityCount Dracula_cell_1_72_0 Dominic PurcellCount Dracula_cell_1_72_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_72_2
Dracula 3000Count Dracula_cell_1_73_0 Langley KirkwoodCount Dracula_cell_1_73_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_73_2
2005Count Dracula_cell_1_74_0 The Batman vs. DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_74_1 Peter StormareCount Dracula_cell_1_74_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_74_3
Dracula III: LegacyCount Dracula_cell_1_75_0 Rutger HauerCount Dracula_cell_1_75_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_75_2
2005–2008Count Dracula_cell_1_76_0 The Grim Adventures of Billy & MandyCount Dracula_cell_1_76_1 Phil LaMarrCount Dracula_cell_1_76_2 Animated TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_76_3
2006Count Dracula_cell_1_77_0 DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_77_1 Marc WarrenCount Dracula_cell_1_77_2 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_77_3
2006–2014Count Dracula_cell_1_78_0 Young DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_78_1 Keith-Lee CastleCount Dracula_cell_1_78_2 TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_78_3
2008Count Dracula_cell_1_79_0 SupernaturalCount Dracula_cell_1_79_1 Todd StashwickCount Dracula_cell_1_79_2 Episode: "Monster Movie"Count Dracula_cell_1_79_3
The Librarian: Curse of the Judas ChaliceCount Dracula_cell_1_80_0 Bruce DavisonCount Dracula_cell_1_80_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_80_2
2009Count Dracula_cell_1_81_0 House of the Wolf ManCount Dracula_cell_1_81_1 Michael R. ThomasCount Dracula_cell_1_81_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_81_3
2012Count Dracula_cell_1_82_0 Dracula 3DCount Dracula_cell_1_82_1 Thomas KretschmannCount Dracula_cell_1_82_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_82_3
Hotel TransylvaniaCount Dracula_cell_1_83_0 Adam SandlerCount Dracula_cell_1_83_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_83_2
Dracula RebornCount Dracula_cell_1_84_0 Stuart RigbyCount Dracula_cell_1_84_1 Television filmCount Dracula_cell_1_84_2
2013Count Dracula_cell_1_85_0 DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_85_1 Jonathan Rhys MeyersCount Dracula_cell_1_85_2 TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_85_3
Dear DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_86_0 Ray LiottaCount Dracula_cell_1_86_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_86_2
Dracula: The Dark PrinceCount Dracula_cell_1_87_0 Luke RobertsCount Dracula_cell_1_87_1 Count Dracula_cell_1_87_2
2014Count Dracula_cell_1_88_0 Dracula UntoldCount Dracula_cell_1_88_1 Luke EvansCount Dracula_cell_1_88_2 Count Dracula_cell_1_88_3
2015Count Dracula_cell_1_89_0 Hotel Transylvania 2Count Dracula_cell_1_89_1 Adam SandlerCount Dracula_cell_1_89_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_89_3
2016Count Dracula_cell_1_90_0 Penny DreadfulCount Dracula_cell_1_90_1 Christian CamargoCount Dracula_cell_1_90_2 TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_90_3
Welcome To Monster HighCount Dracula_cell_1_91_0 Michael SorichCount Dracula_cell_1_91_1 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_91_2
2017Count Dracula_cell_1_92_0 Monster High: ElectrifiedCount Dracula_cell_1_92_1 Michael SorichCount Dracula_cell_1_92_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_92_3
2017–presentCount Dracula_cell_1_93_0 Hotel TransylvaniaCount Dracula_cell_1_93_1 David BerniCount Dracula_cell_1_93_2 Animated TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_93_3
2017–presentCount Dracula_cell_1_94_0 CastlevaniaCount Dracula_cell_1_94_1 Graham McTavishCount Dracula_cell_1_94_2 Animated TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_94_3
Monster High: The Adventures of the Ghoul SquadCount Dracula_cell_1_95_0 Michael SorichCount Dracula_cell_1_95_1 Animated TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_95_2
2017Count Dracula_cell_1_96_0 Monster FamilyCount Dracula_cell_1_96_1 Jason IsaacsCount Dracula_cell_1_96_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_96_3
2018Count Dracula_cell_1_97_0 Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer VacationCount Dracula_cell_1_97_1 Adam SandlerCount Dracula_cell_1_97_2 Animated filmCount Dracula_cell_1_97_3
2019Count Dracula_cell_1_98_0 Van HelsingCount Dracula_cell_1_98_1 Tricia HelferCount Dracula_cell_1_98_2 TV seriesCount Dracula_cell_1_98_3
2020Count Dracula_cell_1_99_0 DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_99_1 Claes BangCount Dracula_cell_1_99_2 TV miniseriesCount Dracula_cell_1_99_3
2020Count Dracula_cell_1_100_0 Dracula SirCount Dracula_cell_1_100_1 Anirban BhattacharyaCount Dracula_cell_1_100_2 Bengali Film loosely based on the Legend and Popularity of the character DraculaCount Dracula_cell_1_100_3

See also Count Dracula_section_19

Count Dracula_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Dracula.