List of sovereign states

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"List of nations" and "List of countries" redirect here. List of sovereign states_sentence_0

For other country lists, see Lists of countries and territories. List of sovereign states_sentence_1

For non-sovereign dependencies, see Dependent territory. List of sovereign states_sentence_2

The following is a list providing an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty. List of sovereign states_sentence_3

The 206 listed states can be divided into three categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member states, two observer states and 11 other states. List of sovereign states_sentence_4

The sovereignty dispute column indicates states having undisputed sovereignty (190 states) and states having disputed sovereignty (16 states, of which there are six member states, one observer state and nine other states). List of sovereign states_sentence_5

Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. List of sovereign states_sentence_6

For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below. List of sovereign states_sentence_7

The list is intended to include entities that have been recognised as having de facto status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms. List of sovereign states_sentence_8

List of states List of sovereign states_section_0

List of sovereign states_table_general_0

Common and formal namesList of sovereign states_header_cell_0_0_0 Membership within the UN SystemList of sovereign states_header_cell_0_0_1 Sovereignty disputeList of sovereign states_header_cell_0_0_2 Further information on status and recognition of sovereigntyList of sovereign states_header_cell_0_0_3
A AAAList of sovereign states_cell_0_1_0 A AAAList of sovereign states_cell_0_1_1 A AAAList of sovereign states_cell_0_1_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_1_3
ZZZ↓ UN member states and observer statesList of sovereign states_cell_0_2_0 A AAAList of sovereign states_cell_0_2_1 ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_2_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_2_3
ZZZAbkhazia → See Abkhazia listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_3_0
Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of AfghanistanList of sovereign states_cell_0_4_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_4_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_4_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_4_3
Albania – Republic of AlbaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_5_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_5_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_5_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_5_3
Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaList of sovereign states_cell_0_6_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_6_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_6_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_6_3
Andorra – Principality of AndorraList of sovereign states_cell_0_7_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_7_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_7_2 Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell, who himself is appointed with approval from the Holy See.List of sovereign states_cell_0_7_3
Angola – Republic of AngolaList of sovereign states_cell_0_8_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_8_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_8_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_8_3
Antigua and BarbudaList of sovereign states_cell_0_9_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_9_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_9_2 Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm with one autonomous region, Barbuda.List of sovereign states_cell_0_9_3
Argentina – Argentine RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_10_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_10_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_10_2 Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and one autonomous city.List of sovereign states_cell_0_10_3
Armenia – Republic of ArmeniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_11_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_11_1 Not recognised by Pakistan.List of sovereign states_cell_0_11_2 Armenia is not recognised by Pakistan due to the dispute over Artsakh.List of sovereign states_cell_0_11_3
ZZZArtsakh → See Artsakh listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_12_0
Australia – Commonwealth of AustraliaList of sovereign states_cell_0_13_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_13_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_13_2 Australia is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of both states and territories. There are six states, three internal territories, six external territories and one claimed Antarctic external territory. The external territories of Australia are:List of sovereign states_cell_0_13_3
Austria – Republic of AustriaList of sovereign states_cell_0_14_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_14_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_14_2 Member of the European Union. Austria is a federation of nine states.List of sovereign states_cell_0_14_3
Azerbaijan – Republic of AzerbaijanList of sovereign states_cell_0_15_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_15_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_15_2 Azerbaijan contains one autonomous region, Nakhchivan The de facto state of Artsakh has been established in the southwest of Azerbaijan.List of sovereign states_cell_0_15_3
Bahamas, The – Commonwealth of The BahamasList of sovereign states_cell_0_16_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_16_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_16_2 The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_16_3
Bahrain – Kingdom of BahrainList of sovereign states_cell_0_17_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_17_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_17_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_17_3
Bangladesh – People's Republic of BangladeshList of sovereign states_cell_0_18_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_18_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_18_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_18_3
BarbadosList of sovereign states_cell_0_19_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_19_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_19_2 Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_19_3
Belarus – Republic of BelarusList of sovereign states_cell_0_20_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_20_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_20_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_20_3
Belgium – Kingdom of BelgiumList of sovereign states_cell_0_21_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_21_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_21_2 Member of the EU. Belgium is a federation of three linguistic communities and three regions.List of sovereign states_cell_0_21_3
BelizeList of sovereign states_cell_0_22_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_22_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_22_2 Belize is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_22_3
Benin – Republic of BeninList of sovereign states_cell_0_23_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_23_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_23_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_23_3
Bhutan – Kingdom of BhutanList of sovereign states_cell_0_24_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_24_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_24_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_24_3
Bolivia – Plurinational State of BoliviaList of sovereign states_cell_0_25_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_25_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_25_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_25_3
Bosnia and HerzegovinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_26_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_26_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_26_2 Bosnia and Herzegovina has two constituent entities:

and Brčko District, a self-governing administrative district.List of sovereign states_cell_0_26_3

Botswana – Republic of BotswanaList of sovereign states_cell_0_27_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_27_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_27_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_27_3
Brazil – Federative Republic of BrazilList of sovereign states_cell_0_28_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_28_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_28_2 Brazil is a federation of 26 states and one federal district.List of sovereign states_cell_0_28_3
Brunei – Nation of Brunei, the Abode of PeaceList of sovereign states_cell_0_29_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_29_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_29_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_29_3
Bulgaria – Republic of BulgariaList of sovereign states_cell_0_30_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_30_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_30_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_30_3
Burkina FasoList of sovereign states_cell_0_31_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_31_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_31_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_31_3
ZZZBurma → See Myanmar listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_32_0
Burundi – Republic of BurundiList of sovereign states_cell_0_33_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_33_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_33_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_33_3
Cambodia – Kingdom of CambodiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_34_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_34_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_34_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_34_3
Cameroon – Republic of CameroonList of sovereign states_cell_0_35_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_35_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_35_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_35_3
CanadaList of sovereign states_cell_0_36_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_36_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_36_2 Canada is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of 10 provinces and three territories.List of sovereign states_cell_0_36_3
Cape Verde – Republic of Cabo VerdeList of sovereign states_cell_0_37_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_37_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_37_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_37_3
Central African RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_38_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_38_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_38_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_38_3
Chad – Republic of ChadList of sovereign states_cell_0_39_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_39_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_39_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_39_3
Chile – Republic of ChileList of sovereign states_cell_0_40_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_40_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_40_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_40_3
China – People's Republic of ChinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_41_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_41_1 Partially unrecognised. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_41_2 China contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet, and Xinjiang. Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China claims, but does not control Taiwan, which is governed by a rival administration (the Republic of China) that claims all of China as its territory. China is not recognised by 15 UN member states and the Holy See, which, with the exception of Bhutan, all recognise Taiwan instead.List of sovereign states_cell_0_41_3

ZZZChina, Republic of → See Taiwan listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_42_0
Colombia – Republic of ColombiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_43_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_43_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_43_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_43_3
Comoros – Union of the ComorosList of sovereign states_cell_0_44_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_44_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_44_2 Comoros is a federation of three islands.List of sovereign states_cell_0_44_3
Congo, Democratic Republic of theList of sovereign states_cell_0_45_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_45_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_45_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_45_3
Congo, Republic of theList of sovereign states_cell_0_46_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_46_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_46_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_46_3
ZZZCook Islands → See Cook Islands listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_47_0
Costa Rica – Republic of Costa RicaList of sovereign states_cell_0_48_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_48_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_48_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_48_3
ZZZCôte d'Ivoire → See Ivory Coast listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_49_0
Croatia – Republic of CroatiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_50_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_50_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_50_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_50_3
Cuba – Republic of CubaList of sovereign states_cell_0_51_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_51_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_51_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_51_3
Cyprus – Republic of CyprusList of sovereign states_cell_0_52_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_52_1 Not recognised by TurkeyList of sovereign states_cell_0_52_2 Member of the EU. The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus.

Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey due to the Cyprus dispute, with Turkey recognising Northern Cyprus.List of sovereign states_cell_0_52_3

Czech RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_53_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_53_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_53_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_53_3
ZZZDemocratic People's Republic of Korea → See Korea, North listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_54_0
ZZZDemocratic Republic of the Congo → See Congo, Democratic Republic of the listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_55_0
Denmark – Kingdom of DenmarkList of sovereign states_cell_0_56_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_56_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_56_2 Member of the EU. The Kingdom of Denmark includes 2 self-governing territories:

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom. The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.List of sovereign states_cell_0_56_3

Djibouti – Republic of DjiboutiList of sovereign states_cell_0_57_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_57_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_57_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_57_3
Dominica – Commonwealth of DominicaList of sovereign states_cell_0_58_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_58_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_58_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_58_3
Dominican RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_59_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_59_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_59_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_59_3
East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-LesteList of sovereign states_cell_0_60_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_60_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_60_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_60_3
Ecuador – Republic of EcuadorList of sovereign states_cell_0_61_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_61_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_61_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_61_3
Egypt – Arab Republic of EgyptList of sovereign states_cell_0_62_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_62_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_62_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_62_3
El Salvador – Republic of El SalvadorList of sovereign states_cell_0_63_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_63_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_63_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_63_3
Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial GuineaList of sovereign states_cell_0_64_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_64_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_64_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_64_3
Eritrea – State of EritreaList of sovereign states_cell_0_65_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_65_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_65_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_65_3
Estonia – Republic of EstoniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_66_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_66_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_66_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_66_3
Eswatini – Kingdom of EswatiniList of sovereign states_cell_0_67_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_67_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_67_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_67_3
Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_68_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_68_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_68_2 Ethiopia is a federation of nine regions and two chartered cities.List of sovereign states_cell_0_68_3
Fiji – Republic of FijiList of sovereign states_cell_0_69_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_69_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_69_2 Fiji contains one autonomous region, Rotuma.List of sovereign states_cell_0_69_3
Finland – Republic of FinlandList of sovereign states_cell_0_70_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_70_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_70_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_70_3
France – French RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_71_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_71_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_71_2 Member of the EU. France contains five overseas regions/departments; French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of:List of sovereign states_cell_0_71_3
Gabon – Gabonese RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_72_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_72_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_72_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_72_3
Gambia, The – Republic of The GambiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_73_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_73_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_73_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_73_3
GeorgiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_74_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_74_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_74_2 Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara and Abkhazia. In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.List of sovereign states_cell_0_74_3
Germany – Federal Republic of GermanyList of sovereign states_cell_0_75_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_75_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_75_2 Member of the EU. Germany is a federation of 16 states.List of sovereign states_cell_0_75_3
Ghana – Republic of GhanaList of sovereign states_cell_0_76_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_76_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_76_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_76_3
Greece – Hellenic RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_77_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_77_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_77_2 Member of the EU. Greece contains one autonomous area, Mount Athos.List of sovereign states_cell_0_77_3
GrenadaList of sovereign states_cell_0_78_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_78_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_78_2 Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_78_3
Guatemala – Republic of GuatemalaList of sovereign states_cell_0_79_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_79_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_79_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_79_3
Guinea – Republic of GuineaList of sovereign states_cell_0_80_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_80_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_80_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_80_3
Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-BissauList of sovereign states_cell_0_81_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_81_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_81_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_81_3
Guyana – Co-operative Republic of GuyanaList of sovereign states_cell_0_82_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_82_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_82_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_82_3
Haiti – Republic of HaitiList of sovereign states_cell_0_83_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_83_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_83_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_83_3
ZZZHoly See → See Vatican City listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_84_0
Honduras – Republic of HondurasList of sovereign states_cell_0_85_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_85_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_85_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_85_3
HungaryList of sovereign states_cell_0_86_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_86_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_86_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_86_3
IcelandList of sovereign states_cell_0_87_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_87_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_87_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_87_3
India – Republic of IndiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_88_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_88_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_88_2 India is a federation of 28 states and eight union territories.List of sovereign states_cell_0_88_3
Indonesia – Republic of IndonesiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_89_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_89_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_89_2 Indonesia has five autonomous provinces, Aceh, Jakarta, Papua, West Papua, and Yogyakarta.List of sovereign states_cell_0_89_3
Iran – Islamic Republic of IranList of sovereign states_cell_0_90_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_90_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_90_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_90_3
Iraq – Republic of IraqList of sovereign states_cell_0_91_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_91_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_91_2 Iraq is a federation of 19 governorates, four of which make up the autonomous Kurdistan Region.List of sovereign states_cell_0_91_3
IrelandList of sovereign states_cell_0_92_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_92_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_92_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_92_3
Israel – State of IsraelList of sovereign states_cell_0_93_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_93_1 Partially unrecognisedList of sovereign states_cell_0_93_2 Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed East Jerusalem, an annexation not recognised by the international community. Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law.

Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. The Palestine Liberation Organization, which enjoys recognition by a majority of UN member states as the sole representative of the Palestinian people, also does not recognise Israel.List of sovereign states_cell_0_93_3

Italy – Italian RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_94_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_94_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_94_2 Member of the EU. Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.List of sovereign states_cell_0_94_3
Ivory Coast – Republic of Côte d'IvoireList of sovereign states_cell_0_95_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_95_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_95_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_95_3
JamaicaList of sovereign states_cell_0_96_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_96_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_96_2 Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_96_3
JapanList of sovereign states_cell_0_97_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_97_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_97_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_97_3
Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of JordanList of sovereign states_cell_0_98_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_98_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_98_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_98_3
Kazakhstan – Republic of KazakhstanList of sovereign states_cell_0_99_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_99_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_99_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_99_3
Kenya – Republic of KenyaList of sovereign states_cell_0_100_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_100_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_100_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_100_3
Kiribati – Republic of KiribatiList of sovereign states_cell_0_101_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_101_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_101_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_101_3
Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of KoreaList of sovereign states_cell_0_102_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_102_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_102_2 North Korea is not recognised by three UN members, France, Japan, and South Korea, the last of which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.List of sovereign states_cell_0_102_3
Korea, South – Republic of KoreaList of sovereign states_cell_0_103_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_103_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_103_2 South Korea has one autonomous region, Jejudo.

South Korea is not recognised by North Korea, which claims to be the sole legitimate government of Korea.List of sovereign states_cell_0_103_3

ZZZKosovo → See Kosovo listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_104_0
Kuwait – State of KuwaitList of sovereign states_cell_0_105_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_105_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_105_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_105_3
Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_106_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_106_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_106_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_106_3
Laos – Lao People's Democratic RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_107_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_107_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_107_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_107_3
Latvia – Republic of LatviaList of sovereign states_cell_0_108_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_108_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_108_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_108_3
Lebanon – Lebanese RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_109_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_109_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_109_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_109_3
Lesotho – Kingdom of LesothoList of sovereign states_cell_0_110_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_110_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_110_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_110_3
Liberia – Republic of LiberiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_111_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_111_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_111_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_111_3
Libya – State of LibyaList of sovereign states_cell_0_112_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_112_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_112_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_112_3
Liechtenstein – Principality of LiechtensteinList of sovereign states_cell_0_113_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_113_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_113_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_113_3
Lithuania – Republic of LithuaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_114_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_114_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_114_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_114_3
Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of LuxembourgList of sovereign states_cell_0_115_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_115_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_115_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_115_3
ZZZMacedonia → See North Macedonia listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_116_0
Madagascar – Republic of MadagascarList of sovereign states_cell_0_117_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_117_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_117_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_117_3
Malawi – Republic of MalawiList of sovereign states_cell_0_118_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_118_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_118_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_118_3
MalaysiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_119_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_119_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_119_2 Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.List of sovereign states_cell_0_119_3
Maldives – Republic of MaldivesList of sovereign states_cell_0_120_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_120_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_120_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_120_3
Mali – Republic of MaliList of sovereign states_cell_0_121_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_121_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_121_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_121_3
Malta – Republic of MaltaList of sovereign states_cell_0_122_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_122_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_122_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_122_3
Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall IslandsList of sovereign states_cell_0_123_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_123_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_123_2 Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.List of sovereign states_cell_0_123_3
Mauritania – Islamic Republic of MauritaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_124_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_124_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_124_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_124_3
Mauritius – Republic of MauritiusList of sovereign states_cell_0_125_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_125_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_125_2 Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.List of sovereign states_cell_0_125_3
Mexico – United Mexican StatesList of sovereign states_cell_0_126_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_126_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_126_2 Mexico is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city.

The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities have de facto autonomy.List of sovereign states_cell_0_126_3

Micronesia – Federated States of MicronesiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_127_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_127_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_127_2 Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of four states.List of sovereign states_cell_0_127_3
Moldova – Republic of MoldovaList of sovereign states_cell_0_128_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_128_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_128_2 Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria autonomous territorial unit. The latter is under the de facto control of Transnistria.List of sovereign states_cell_0_128_3
Monaco – Principality of MonacoList of sovereign states_cell_0_129_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_129_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_129_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_129_3
MongoliaList of sovereign states_cell_0_130_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_130_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_130_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_130_3
MontenegroList of sovereign states_cell_0_131_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_131_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_131_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_131_3
Morocco – Kingdom of MoroccoList of sovereign states_cell_0_132_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_132_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_132_2 Part of the Moroccan-claimed Western Sahara is controlled by the partially recognised Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.List of sovereign states_cell_0_132_3
Mozambique – Republic of MozambiqueList of sovereign states_cell_0_133_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_133_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_133_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_133_3
Myanmar – Republic of the Union of MyanmarList of sovereign states_cell_0_134_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_134_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_134_2 Wa State is a de facto autonomous state within Myanmar.List of sovereign states_cell_0_134_3
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → See Artsakh listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_135_0
Namibia – Republic of NamibiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_136_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_136_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_136_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_136_3
Nauru – Republic of NauruList of sovereign states_cell_0_137_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_137_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_137_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_137_3
Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of NepalList of sovereign states_cell_0_138_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_138_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_138_2 Nepal is a federation composed of 7 provinces.List of sovereign states_cell_0_138_3
Netherlands – Kingdom of the NetherlandsList of sovereign states_cell_0_139_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_139_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_139_2 Member of the EU. The Kingdom of the Netherlands includes four areas with substantial autonomy:

The continental part of the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten form the four constituent countries of the Kingdom. Three other overseas territories (Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius) are special municipalities of the continental Netherlands. The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to parts within Europe.List of sovereign states_cell_0_139_3

New ZealandList of sovereign states_cell_0_140_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_140_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_140_2 New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm, and has one dependent territory and one claimed Antarctic dependent territory of:

The Realm of New Zealand has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) two freely associated states:


The Cook Islands and Niue have diplomatic relations with 49 and 18 UN members respectively. They have full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of some UN specialized agencies.List of sovereign states_cell_0_140_3

Nicaragua – Republic of NicaraguaList of sovereign states_cell_0_141_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_141_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_141_2 Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.List of sovereign states_cell_0_141_3
Niger – Republic of NigerList of sovereign states_cell_0_142_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_142_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_142_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_142_3
Nigeria – Federal Republic of NigeriaList of sovereign states_cell_0_143_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_143_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_143_2 Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and one federal territory.List of sovereign states_cell_0_143_3
ZZZNiue → See Niue listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_144_0
ZZZNorth Korea → See Korea, North listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_145_0
North Macedonia – Republic of North MacedoniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_146_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_146_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_146_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_146_3
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → See Northern Cyprus listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_147_0
Norway – Kingdom of NorwayList of sovereign states_cell_0_148_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_148_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_148_2 Norway has two unincorporated areas in Europe:

Norway has one dependent territory and two claimed Antarctic dependent territories in the Southern Hemisphere:List of sovereign states_cell_0_148_3

Oman – Sultanate of OmanList of sovereign states_cell_0_149_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_149_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_149_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_149_3
Pakistan – Islamic Republic of PakistanList of sovereign states_cell_0_150_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_150_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_150_2 Pakistan is a federation of four provinces and one capital territory. Pakistan exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it, instead regarding it as a disputed territory. The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, administered separately from Pakistan proper:

Azad Kashmir describes itself as a "self-governing state under Pakistani control", while Gilgit-Baltistan is described in its governance order as a group of "areas" with self-government. These territories are not usually regarded as sovereign, as they do not fulfil the criteria set out by the declarative theory of statehood (for example, their current laws do not allow them to engage independently in relations with other states). Several state functions of these territories (such as foreign affairs and defence) are performed by Pakistan.List of sovereign states_cell_0_150_3

Palau – Republic of PalauList of sovereign states_cell_0_151_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_151_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_151_2 Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.List of sovereign states_cell_0_151_3
Palestine – State of PalestineList of sovereign states_cell_0_152_0 A UN observer state; member of 2 UN specialized agenciesList of sovereign states_cell_0_152_1 Partially unrecognised. B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_152_2 The State of Palestine, declared in 1988, is not recognised as a state by Israel and has received diplomatic recognition from 138 states. The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control over much of the territory that it proclaimed. The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories. In foreign relations, Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO, UNIDO, and an observer state in the UN.List of sovereign states_cell_0_152_3
Panama – Republic of PanamaList of sovereign states_cell_0_153_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_153_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_153_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_153_3
Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New GuineaList of sovereign states_cell_0_154_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_154_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_154_2 Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm with one autonomous region, Bougainville.List of sovereign states_cell_0_154_3
Paraguay – Republic of ParaguayList of sovereign states_cell_0_155_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_155_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_155_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_155_3
Peru – Republic of PeruList of sovereign states_cell_0_156_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_156_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_156_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_156_3
Philippines – Republic of the PhilippinesList of sovereign states_cell_0_157_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_157_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_157_2 The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Bangsamoro.List of sovereign states_cell_0_157_3
Poland – Republic of PolandList of sovereign states_cell_0_158_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_158_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_158_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_158_3
Portugal – Portuguese RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_159_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_159_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_159_2 Member of the EU. Portugal contains two autonomous regions, the Azores and Madeira.List of sovereign states_cell_0_159_3
ZZZPridnestrovie → See Transnistria listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_160_0
Qatar – State of QatarList of sovereign states_cell_0_161_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_161_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_161_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_161_3
ZZZRepublic of Korea → See Korea, South listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_162_0
ZZZRepublic of the Congo → See Congo, Republic of the listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_163_0
RomaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_164_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_164_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_164_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_164_3
Russia – Russian FederationList of sovereign states_cell_0_165_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_165_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_165_2 Russia is a federation of 85 federal subjects (republics, oblasts, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities, and an autonomous oblast). Several of the federal subjects are ethnic republics.List of sovereign states_cell_0_165_3
Rwanda – Republic of RwandaList of sovereign states_cell_0_166_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_166_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_166_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_166_3
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → See Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_167_0
Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and NevisList of sovereign states_cell_0_168_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_168_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_168_2 Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm and is a federation of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis.List of sovereign states_cell_0_168_3
Saint LuciaList of sovereign states_cell_0_169_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_169_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_169_2 Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_169_3
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesList of sovereign states_cell_0_170_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_170_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_170_2 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_170_3
Samoa – Independent State of SamoaList of sovereign states_cell_0_171_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_171_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_171_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_171_3
San Marino – Republic of San MarinoList of sovereign states_cell_0_172_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_172_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_172_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_172_3
São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and PríncipeList of sovereign states_cell_0_173_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_173_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_173_2 São Tomé and Príncipe contains one autonomous province, Príncipe.List of sovereign states_cell_0_173_3
Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_174_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_174_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_174_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_174_3
Senegal – Republic of SenegalList of sovereign states_cell_0_175_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_175_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_175_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_175_3
Serbia – Republic of SerbiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_176_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_176_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_176_2 Serbia contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija. The latter is under the de facto control of Kosovo.List of sovereign states_cell_0_176_3
Seychelles – Republic of SeychellesList of sovereign states_cell_0_177_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_177_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_177_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_177_3
Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra LeoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_178_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_178_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_178_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_178_3
Singapore – Republic of SingaporeList of sovereign states_cell_0_179_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_179_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_179_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_179_3
Slovakia – Slovak RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_180_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_180_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_180_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_180_3
Slovenia – Republic of SloveniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_181_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_181_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_181_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_181_3
Solomon IslandsList of sovereign states_cell_0_182_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_182_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_182_2 The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_182_3
Somalia – Federal Republic of SomaliaList of sovereign states_cell_0_183_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_183_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_183_2 Somalia is a federation of six states. Two, Puntland and Galmudug, have self-declared autonomy, while one, Somaliland, is de facto independent.List of sovereign states_cell_0_183_3
ZZZSomaliland → See Somaliland listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_184_0
South Africa – Republic of South AfricaList of sovereign states_cell_0_185_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_185_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_185_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_185_3
ZZZSouth Korea → See Korea, South listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_186_0
ZZZSouth Ossetia → See South Ossetia listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_187_0
South Sudan – Republic of South SudanList of sovereign states_cell_0_188_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_188_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_188_2 South Sudan is a federation of 10 states and three administrative areas.List of sovereign states_cell_0_188_3
Spain – Kingdom of SpainList of sovereign states_cell_0_189_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_189_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_189_2 Member of the EU. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and two special autonomous cities.List of sovereign states_cell_0_189_3
Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaList of sovereign states_cell_0_190_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_190_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_190_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_190_3
Sudan – Republic of the SudanList of sovereign states_cell_0_191_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_191_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_191_2 Sudan is a federation of 18 states.List of sovereign states_cell_0_191_3
ZZZSudan, South → See South Sudan listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_192_0
Suriname – Republic of SurinameList of sovereign states_cell_0_193_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_193_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_193_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_193_3
ZZZSwaziland → See Eswatini listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_194_0
Sweden – Kingdom of SwedenList of sovereign states_cell_0_195_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_195_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_195_2 Member of the EU.List of sovereign states_cell_0_195_3
Switzerland – Swiss ConfederationList of sovereign states_cell_0_196_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_196_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_196_2 Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.List of sovereign states_cell_0_196_3
Syria – Syrian Arab RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_197_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_197_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_197_2 The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognised as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.

Syria has one self-declared autonomous region: Rojava.List of sovereign states_cell_0_197_3

ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → See Taiwan listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_198_0
Tajikistan – Republic of TajikistanList of sovereign states_cell_0_199_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_199_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_199_2 Tajikistan contains one autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.List of sovereign states_cell_0_199_3
Tanzania – United Republic of TanzaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_200_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_200_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_200_2 Tanzania contains one autonomous region, Zanzibar.List of sovereign states_cell_0_200_3
Thailand – Kingdom of ThailandList of sovereign states_cell_0_201_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_201_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_201_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_201_3
ZZZThe Bahamas → See Bahamas, The listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_202_0
ZZZThe Gambia → See Gambia, The listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_203_0
ZZZTimor-Leste → See East Timor listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_204_0
Togo – Togolese RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_205_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_205_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_205_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_205_3
Tonga – Kingdom of TongaList of sovereign states_cell_0_206_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_206_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_206_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_206_3
ZZZTransnistria → See Transnistria listingList of sovereign states_cell_0_207_0
Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and TobagoList of sovereign states_cell_0_208_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_208_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_208_2 Trinidad and Tobago contains one autonomous region, Tobago.List of sovereign states_cell_0_208_3
Tunisia – Republic of TunisiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_209_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_209_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_209_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_209_3
Turkey – Republic of TurkeyList of sovereign states_cell_0_210_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_210_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_210_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_210_3
TurkmenistanList of sovereign states_cell_0_211_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_211_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_211_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_211_3
TuvaluList of sovereign states_cell_0_212_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_212_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_212_2 Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.List of sovereign states_cell_0_212_3
Uganda – Republic of UgandaList of sovereign states_cell_0_213_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_213_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_213_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_213_3
UkraineList of sovereign states_cell_0_214_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_214_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_214_2 Ukraine contains one autonomous region, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, however it is under the de facto control of Russia.List of sovereign states_cell_0_214_3
United Arab EmiratesList of sovereign states_cell_0_215_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_215_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_215_2 The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.List of sovereign states_cell_0_215_3
United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandList of sovereign states_cell_0_216_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_216_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_216_2 Former EU member in transition. The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm consisting of four constituent countries; England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following 13 overseas territories and one claimed Antarctic dependent territory:

The British monarch also has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:List of sovereign states_cell_0_216_3

United States – United States of AmericaList of sovereign states_cell_0_217_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_217_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_217_2 The United States is a federation of 50 states, one federal district, and one incorporated territory. Additionally, the Federal government of the United States has sovereignty over 13 unincorporated territories. Of these territories, the following five are inhabited possessions:

It also has sovereignty over several uninhabited territories:


It also disputes sovereignty over the following two territories:


Three sovereign states have become associated states of the United States under the Compact of Free Association:List of sovereign states_cell_0_217_3

Uruguay – Oriental Republic of UruguayList of sovereign states_cell_0_218_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_218_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_218_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_218_3
Uzbekistan – Republic of UzbekistanList of sovereign states_cell_0_219_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_219_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_219_2 Uzbekistan contains one autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.List of sovereign states_cell_0_219_3
Vanuatu – Republic of VanuatuList of sovereign states_cell_0_220_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_220_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_220_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_220_3
Vatican City – Vatican City StateList of sovereign states_cell_0_221_0 A UN observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEAList of sovereign states_cell_0_221_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_221_2 Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations to 183 states. This figure consists of 180 UN member states, the Cook Islands, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and the State of Palestine. In addition, the European Union and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta maintain diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State") and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.List of sovereign states_cell_0_221_3
Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaList of sovereign states_cell_0_222_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_222_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_222_2 Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, one capital district, and federal dependencies.List of sovereign states_cell_0_222_3
Vietnam – Socialist Republic of VietnamList of sovereign states_cell_0_223_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_223_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_223_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_223_3
Yemen – Republic of YemenList of sovereign states_cell_0_224_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_224_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_224_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_224_3
Zambia – Republic of ZambiaList of sovereign states_cell_0_225_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_225_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_225_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_225_3
Zimbabwe – Republic of ZimbabweList of sovereign states_cell_0_226_0 A UN member stateList of sovereign states_cell_0_226_1 A NoneList of sovereign states_cell_0_226_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_226_3
ZZZ↑ UN member states and observer statesList of sovereign states_cell_0_227_0 A ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_227_1 ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_227_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_227_3
ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_228_0 ABList of sovereign states_cell_0_228_1 BList of sovereign states_cell_0_228_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_228_3
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓List of sovereign states_cell_0_229_0 D AAAList of sovereign states_cell_0_229_1 ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_229_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_229_3
Abkhazia – Republic of AbkhaziaList of sovereign states_cell_0_230_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_230_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_230_2 Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Syria, Venezuela, Artsakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.List of sovereign states_cell_0_230_3
Artsakh – Republic of ArtsakhList of sovereign states_cell_0_231_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_231_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_231_2 A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.List of sovereign states_cell_0_231_3
Cook IslandsList of sovereign states_cell_0_232_0 D Member of eight UN specialized agenciesList of sovereign states_cell_0_232_1 A None

(See political status)List of sovereign states_cell_0_232_2

A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with 52 states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.List of sovereign states_cell_0_232_3
Kosovo – Republic of KosovoList of sovereign states_cell_0_233_0 D Member of two UN specialized agenciesList of sovereign states_cell_0_233_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_233_2 Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999. Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has received diplomatic recognition from 113 UN member states and the Republic of China, while 18 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.List of sovereign states_cell_0_233_3
NiueList of sovereign states_cell_0_234_0 D Member of five UN specialized agenciesList of sovereign states_cell_0_234_1 A None

(See political status)List of sovereign states_cell_0_234_2

A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue maintains diplomatic relations with 20 states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.List of sovereign states_cell_0_234_3
Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern CyprusList of sovereign states_cell_0_235_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_235_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_235_2 Recognised only by Turkey. Under the name "Turkish Cypriot State", it is an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.List of sovereign states_cell_0_235_3
Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_236_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_236_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_236_2 Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states, 44 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian–African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian–African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.List of sovereign states_cell_0_236_3
Somaliland – Republic of SomalilandList of sovereign states_cell_0_237_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_237_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_237_2 A de facto independent state, not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.List of sovereign states_cell_0_237_3
South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia–the State of AlaniaList of sovereign states_cell_0_238_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_238_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_238_2 A de facto independent state, recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Syria, Venezuela, Abkhazia, Artsakh and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.List of sovereign states_cell_0_238_3
Taiwan – Republic of ChinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_239_0 D Former UN member (as Republic of China, 1945–1971)

Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "Chinese Taipei"List of sovereign states_cell_0_239_1

B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_239_2 A state competing (nominally) for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China (ROC) controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands, and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland. The ROC is recognised by 14 UN member states and the Holy See as of 20 September 2019. All these states do not recognise the PRC either. Additionally, one UN member (Bhutan) has refrained from recognising either the ROC or the PRC.

The territory of the ROC is claimed in whole by the PRC. The ROC participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The ROC was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the UN Security Council. See China and the United Nations.List of sovereign states_cell_0_239_3

Transnistria – Pridnestrovian Moldavian RepublicList of sovereign states_cell_0_240_0 D No membershipList of sovereign states_cell_0_240_1 B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Mauritius Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Claimed by Mali Claimed by Spain Claimed by ArgentinaList of sovereign states_cell_0_240_2 A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia, Artsakh and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.List of sovereign states_cell_0_240_3
ZZZ↑ Other states ↑List of sovereign states_cell_0_241_0 D ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_241_1 ZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_241_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_241_3
ZZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_242_0 ZZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_242_1 ZZZZList of sovereign states_cell_0_242_2 List of sovereign states_cell_0_242_3

Criteria for inclusion List of sovereign states_section_1

The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood, which was codified by the Montevideo Convention of 1933. List of sovereign states_sentence_9

The Convention defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) a capacity to enter into relations with the other states" so long as it was not "obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure". List of sovereign states_sentence_10

Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. List of sovereign states_sentence_11

The declarative theory of statehood argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. List of sovereign states_sentence_12

On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognised as sovereign by other states. List of sovereign states_sentence_13

For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either: List of sovereign states_sentence_14

List of sovereign states_unordered_list_0

  • consider themselves sovereign (through a declaration of independence or some other means) and are often regarded as satisfying the declarative theory of statehood, orList of sovereign states_item_0_0
  • are recognised as a sovereign state by at least one UN member stateList of sovereign states_item_0_1

Note that in some cases, there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed. List of sovereign states_sentence_15

Unique political entities which fail to meet the classification of a sovereign state are considered proto-states. List of sovereign states_sentence_16

On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 206 entities: List of sovereign states_sentence_17

List of sovereign states_unordered_list_1

  • 203 states recognised by at least one UN member stateList of sovereign states_item_1_2
  • Two states that satisfy the declarative theory of statehood and are recognised only by non-UN member states: Artsakh, TransnistriaList of sovereign states_item_1_3
  • One state that satisfies the declarative theory of statehood and is not recognised by any other state: SomalilandList of sovereign states_item_1_4

The table includes bullets representing entities which are either not sovereign states or have a close association to another sovereign state. List of sovereign states_sentence_18

It also includes subnational areas where the sovereignty of the titular state is limited by an international agreement. List of sovereign states_sentence_19

Taken together, these include: List of sovereign states_sentence_20

List of sovereign states_unordered_list_2

  • States in a free association relationship to another stateList of sovereign states_item_2_5
  • Two entities controlled by Pakistan which are neither sovereign states, dependent territories, or part of another state: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit BaltistanList of sovereign states_item_2_6
  • Dependent territories of another state, as well as areas that exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories according to the dependent territory pageList of sovereign states_item_2_7
  • Subnational entities created by international agreementsList of sovereign states_item_2_8

See also List of sovereign states_section_2

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List of sovereign states.