Dan Burley

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Dan Burley (November 7, 1907 in Lexington, Kentucky – October 29, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American pianist and journalist. Dan Burley_sentence_0

He appeared on numerous network television and radio shows in the US and had two radio shows of his own on WWRL Radio in New York. Dan Burley_sentence_1

He was editor of many African-American publications, including the New York Age, the Amsterdam News, and the magazines Ebony, Jet and Duke. Dan Burley_sentence_2

He also appeared in five films, performed with Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Milton Hinton, Lionel Hampton, Leonard Feather, Fats Waller, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, and wrote music for Lionel Hampton and Cab Calloway. Dan Burley_sentence_3

Early life Dan Burley_section_0

Dan's father, Rev. Dan Burley_sentence_4

James Burley, an Evangelist Baptist minister, died while preaching at Mt. Dan Burley_sentence_5

Gilead Baptist Church in Texas when Dan was three years old. Dan Burley_sentence_6

His mother, Anna Seymour, an educator, (born in Georgia), remarried and in 1915 moved to Chicago and became involved with politics on the Southside within the Republican Party of Ruth Hanna McCormick, Charles Dineen and William "Big Bill" Thompson. Dan Burley_sentence_7

His mother taught under Booker T. Washington at Tuskegee University and was the first African American woman to teach at a school then called "Armour Tech", later the Illinois Institute of Technology. Dan Burley_sentence_8

Burley attended Wendell Phillips High and was president of the school paper and on the High School football league. Dan Burley_sentence_9

He also played basketball, fulfilled his love of writing, worked as a paper carrier for the Chicago Daily Defender as a teenager and played boogie-woogie piano. Dan Burley_sentence_10

While attending Phillips, Burley developed friendships with Lionel Hampton, Milton Hinton, Louis Jordan, and Langley Waller, who later all moved from Chicago to New York City to work in the music, writing and entertainment industries. Dan Burley_sentence_11

Journalism Dan Burley_section_1

By 1929 Burley was the sports editor for the Daily Defender with a featured column syndicated throughout the country. Dan Burley_sentence_12

He also wrote for the Chicago Bee, owned by S.B. Dan Burley_sentence_13 Fuller who also owned the Pittsburgh Courier, in which Burley had a syndicated column, and who co-owned The New York Age with Burley after he moved to New York. Dan Burley_sentence_14

After moving to New York City Burley became theatrical editor of the Amsterdam News. Dan Burley_sentence_15

From 1936 to 1937 he worked as a writer on the paper; three years later he became the managing editor, a position which he held for over twelve years. Dan Burley_sentence_16

He became the managing editor of the New York Age, which he co-owned with S. B. Fuller. Dan Burley_sentence_17

He was an editor of Ebony magazine from the late 1930s. Dan Burley_sentence_18

While in New York, Burley married his first wife, Gustava McCurdy, the first black woman to sing the national anthem at Madison Square Garden. Dan Burley_sentence_19

Gustava, at the age of 35, developed cancer and died. Dan Burley_sentence_20

Burley reputedly coined the word bebop and was the creator of The Harlem Handbook of Jive, which sold more than 100,000 copies. Dan Burley_sentence_21

It was published in 1941 and reprinted in 1944. Dan Burley_sentence_22

Burley's handbook brought mentions from H. Dan Burley_sentence_23 L. Mencken, Gertrude Stein, Danton Walker, Winchell and others. Dan Burley_sentence_24

The Handbook of Jive was translated into French, Italian, Spanish and Norwegian. Dan Burley_sentence_25

During World War II he served as a war correspondent and led a Special Service USO Unit in China, Burma, North Africa, Egypt and India. Dan Burley_sentence_26

Composed of Henry Armstrong, Kenny Washington, Jow Lillard, and Bill Yancy it was rated No. Dan Burley_sentence_27

2 (behind the Bob Hope show) by Variety Magazine. Dan Burley_sentence_28

From 1947 Burley was writer for Elijah Muhammad, published as Mohammad Speaks, so helping establish press exposure for the Black Nation of Islam. Dan Burley_sentence_29

The foreword of the publication Message to the Black Man was written by Burley, who got involved through S. B. Fuller, the only owner who would accept the articles, in the Pittsburg Courier. Dan Burley_sentence_30

Fuller entrusted Burley with editing the work, knowing the controversy of the material. Dan Burley_sentence_31

He edited Mohammad Speaks until his death in 1962. Dan Burley_sentence_32

He himself was not a Muslim nor a member of the Nation at any time but was friends with Malcolm X, who had columns in several publications under different names, as did Burley. Dan Burley_sentence_33

Later Malcolm X contacted Burley's former classmate Langley Waller in New York City as a printer of journals and papers in New York. Dan Burley_sentence_34

Mr. Waller had a press he was willing to sell to Malcolm, but instead Lerner of Chicago printed the paper. Dan Burley_sentence_35

Burley returned to Chicago with his second wife Gladys. Dan Burley_sentence_36

Their only child was D'Anne Elizabeth Burley. Dan Burley_sentence_37

Her father had taken the prototype magazine Jet to Johnson Publications in Chicago. Dan Burley_sentence_38

After a dispute Johnson took on the magazine and made Burley managing editor of Jet and associate editor of Ebony Magazine from 1951 until his son Robert succeeded him. Dan Burley_sentence_39

The columnist Walter Winchell became a good friend of Burley's along with Dorothy Killgallen, Ed Sullivan, Bill Corum, Hy Gardner, Earl Wilson. Dan Burley_sentence_40

Burley contributed his works to Esquire Magazine, The Saturday Evening Post, Pic, Crisis, Interracial Review and The Catholic Press. Dan Burley_sentence_41

He began to add publications to his syndicated arena: Tan, Life, Look and Sepia among them. Dan Burley_sentence_42

Gladys helped with editorial work and management out of their apartment in Lake Meadows, a complex into which the Burleys were among the first families to move: Burley sat on the board, partly because his mother had owned a property at 31st Street/King Drive which was used for the development. Dan Burley_sentence_43

He managed and edited The New Crusader with Mr. Lavalle, and wrote syndicated columns in both black and white publications. Dan Burley_sentence_44

Music career Dan Burley_section_2

Burley started his music career by playing Chicago "House Rent Parties" Blues cafes, socials and clubs. Dan Burley_sentence_45

His barrelhouse playing has been said to have influenced Humphrey Lyttelton's "Bad Penny Blues" and hence the Beatles's song "Lady Madonna. Dan Burley_sentence_46

His group Dan Burley & His Skiffle Boys, founded in 1946, may have given rise to the 1950s British genre name skiffle. Dan Burley_sentence_47

Burley recorded with Leonard Feather and Tiny Grimes in 1945 and with Lionel Hampton in 1946. Dan Burley_sentence_48

That same year, he put together Dan Burley & His Skiffle Boys, an ensemble that included Brownie McGhee and his brother Stick as well as Pops Foster among its members. Dan Burley_sentence_49

Burley also recorded with Hot Lips Page, Tyree Glenn, and Baby Dodds during the course of his career. Dan Burley_sentence_50

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan Burley.